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英语六级CET6考试核心高频词汇


decline n.下降,减少,衰退 The arts of China have not declined in spit of the Western influence. ;虽有西方影响,中国的艺 术并未 因此而衰落. The price of mobile telephones has declined sharply. ;手机的价格下降得非常 厉害. develop vi.生长,发育,形成; 发展,扩展

develop vt.发展,开发;制定, 研制,成长;逐步产生, 发挥 A good teacher is surely an instructor ; who can develop the capabilities of each student. ;

一个好老师一定 是一个能激发每个学生 潜能的导师. Juliet Wu's ambition is to develop a national corporation into a worldwide business. ;

;吴士宏的抱负 是要把一个国内企业扩 展成世界性的企业. elaborate a.精心计划的,详尽的; 复杂的 vt.详述,详细制订 vi.详述 I just want the facts in brief;you don't need to elaborate. ;我只想简单了解事实, 你不必作详细说明. I don't want elaborate lace pattern on my dress,just make it simple. ;我不想裙子上有复杂精美 的花边 图案,简简单单 就行. excite vt.使兴奋,使激动; 引起,激起 Strong coffee excites your nerves. ;浓咖啡刺激神经, 使人兴奋. Emperor Qinshihuang's cruelty excited a rising of the people. ;秦始皇的残暴引起了人民 的反抗. fatal a.致命的,灾难性的, 毁灭性的;重大的, 决定性的 The city of Tangshan has such a new look that it hardly reminds ; people of the fatal earthquake that eccured over 30 years ago. ;

唐山市如今面貌一新, 几乎让人想不起 30 多年前的毁灭性的 地震. formal a.正规的,正式的, 合礼仪的;形式上的, 表面的 Business letters are usually formal, ; but we write in a informal way to family members or friends. ; 商业信件通常都是讲究格 式的, 但我们给家人或朋友写 信就比较随便了. gaze v./n.凝视,注视 In those boring letures,many students just sat gazing into the classroom window. ;

在那些沉闷的课堂教学 中,许多学生知识呆呆地 望着窗外. guard vt.守卫,捍卫 vi.(against)防止, 防范 guard n.警戒,警备;警卫员, 看守,卫兵 Be on your guard against pickpockets. ;谨防扒手. Tooth paste with fluorine can effectively guard against tooth decay. ;含氟牙膏能有效防止 蛀牙. hostile a.敌对的,敌意的,不友 善的;敌方的 It was very strange how hostile she was to all the beautiful girls approaching her husband. ;

;很奇怪, 她对所有接近丈夫的漂亮 女孩都心存敌意. indentical a.相同的,同等的; 同一的 My opinion are not always identical with my parents's. ;我的意见并不总是和父母 的意见相同. All eggs look similar, but no two eggs are identical, Leonardo da Vinci's teacher once said to him.;

所有鸡蛋看上去相似, 但没有两只鸡蛋是完全 相同的 ;达芬奇的老师曾经告诉 他说. inferior n.下级,下属 a.劣等的,次的;下级的 No inferior products should be allowed to pass. ;决不能让任何次品漏网. In the past,women were regarded as inferior to men. ;过去,人们认为女人不如 男人. launch n.发射;(船)下水 (新产品)投产

launch vt.发射;发起(运动) 推出(产品);使开始 从事;使(船)下水 The first artifical satellite was launched by the former Soviet Union, which shocked the United States. ; 前苏联发射了第一颗人 造卫星, 让美国人大惊失色.

mechanism n.机械装置;机制,机理; 办法,途径 The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body. ;骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成 机体. The shell of my watch is transparent and the mechanisms inside can be seen. ;我的手表外壳是透明的, 可 以看见里面的机械 装置. match n.比赛,竞赛;对手,敌手; 匹配,相配的人(或物); 火柴

match vt.和...相配, 和...相称, vi.相配,相适合 The prince and princess in the fairy tales ; are always perfectly matched(=were always a perfect match). 童话中的王子与公主永远都是天造地设的 一对. The White Swan Hotel in Guangzhou can't be matched for friendliness.

广州白天鹅宾馆良好的 服务态度是无与伦比的. These shoes do not match;one is large and the other is small. ;这双鞋不相配,一只大, 一只小. negative a.否定的; 反面的,消极的; 负的,阴性的 negative n.负数;(照相机的) 负片,底片 He was suspicious of having taken dopes,but his urine test was negative. ;

他被怀疑服用了兴奋剂, 但他的尿样检测却是呈阴 性的. Two negative makes a positive. ;负负得正. obligation n.义务,责任 To pay taxes is an obligation of every citizen. ;纳税是每一个公民的 义务.

panic n.惊慌,恐慌,慌乱 v.(使)恐慌, (使)惊慌失措 The Asian Financial crisis caused panic selling of securities. ;亚洲金融危机引起了债券 的恐慌抛售. peer pi ;n.同龄人,同等地位的人; 贵族 vi.仔细看,费力地看 To lessen peer(group) pressure,many schools require their students to wear uniforms.

为减少来自同龄群体的压 力,许多学校要求学生们 穿校服. He peered at the comp- uter screen,wondering what his programming mistake was.

他仔细地看着计算机的显 示屏,想知道他的程序出 了什么错. press n.报刊,报界,新闻界; 出版社,通讯社; 压,按,挤;印刷机 press v.压,按,挤; 压榨,压迫 In the press conference, the White House spokesman always avoids directly answering questions. ; ; 在新闻发布会上,白宫发言人总是避免直 接回答问题. Time presses.Let's press on with our work. ;时间紧迫.我们加紧工作 吧. Just press this button,and you'll start the engine. ;只要按一下这个按钮便可 启动这台发动机了. The problem of fuel presses for solution. ;这个燃料的问题急待 解决. rarely ad.不常,难得 Big Ben in London has rarely gone wrong. ;在伦敦“大本钟”很少出 差错. Only rarely do I eat in restaurants. ;我极少到饭馆吃饭. scandal n.丑事,丑闻;流言蜚语; 反感,愤慨 The former president of the Philipines took tax money for his own use, it was such a scandal.

;菲律宾前总统贪污税款, 可谓一大丑闻. thread n. 线,细丝;线索,思路; 螺纹 vt.穿(针、线等)

You lose the thread of your argument. ;你们的论点有失条理. You need a needle threader if you can't see clearly to thread a needle.

如果看不清楚无法穿线, 你需要一枚穿针器.

Lesson 2
bump vt. 碰,撞;颠簸着前进 n. 碰撞;隆起物 In the dim light I couldn't see clearly and bumped into a tree. ;昏暗中我看不清,一头撞 在一棵树上. circuit n.电路,线路; 环行,环行道 I run two circuits of the track every morning in order to pass the 800-meter running test.

我每天早晨沿跑道跑两圈以通过 800 米考试。 In Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, you will see CCTV is the abbreviation of "Closed Circuit Television".

你要是查阅《朗文当代英 语词典》;就会发现 CCTV 是“闭路 电视”的缩写. complain vt.抱怨,诉苦; 投诉,控告 Those who are always complaining should turn their attention to figuring out how to make it better. 那些天成天牢骚满腹的 人,应该想想如何改变现状. You are always complaining about something. ;你总是满腹牢骚. conventional a.普通的,习惯的, 常规的;符合习俗的, 因循守旧的 The Russian Defense Minister maintained that his country should reduce expenditure on conventional weapons ; and spend more on strategic weapons.

俄罗斯的国防部长坚持 认为俄应削减花在常规武器上 的开支,而更多地在战略武器上 投入. Mother is so conventional in her views. ;妈妈的观点太保守.

destruction n.毁灭,破坏,消灭 The hot ash and the lava from the volcano Etna brought total destruction to the village.

来自埃及特纳火山的滚烫 的火山灰和熔岩给那个小村庄带来彻底 的毁灭. emergency n.紧急情况 Wahid threatened to proclaim a state of emergency if Congress decided to impeach him ;瓦希德威胁说如 果国会弹劾他,他就宣布紧急状态. The patient was asked to ring the bell in an emergency and the nurses on duty would come straight away. 病人在有紧急情况时可以 按铃,然后当班的护士就会立 即前来. fantasy n.想象,幻想; 想象的产物 Young people often live in a world of fantasy, and parents always tell them to face the reality. ; 年青人常生活在幻想的 世界里,而父母亲总会告诉他们 要面对现实. Stop looking for a perfect job--it's just a fantasy. ;别想找到十全十美的工 作了,那简直是幻想. function n.功能,作用,职能; 重大聚会;函数 The function of a chairman at a meeting is to lead and control meetings.

在会上,主席的职责是引 导并控制会议. An old machine won't function properly if you don't oil it regularly.

旧机器如果不经常加油是 不能正常运转的. heave vt.举起,拉起;扔; (沉重地)发出(叹息、 呻吟等) heave ;vi.(用力)举起,提起 (有节奏的)起伏;呕吐 n.举起,升降 The naughty children have just heaved a stone through my window.

淘气的孩子们刚刚把一块 石头扔进我的窗户. identify vt.认出,鉴定; (~with)把...等同于 vi.(~with)认同 Do you identify beauty with wisdom? ;你认为美貌与智慧能相等 同吗? The characters on the rubbings are so blurred that it is difficult to identify. ;拓片上的文字模糊不 清, 难以识别. jail n.监狱,看守所 vt.监禁,拘留 Romeo was sentenced to jail for 15 days for starting a fight with his rival. ;

因为与情敌发生冲突,罗 密欧被判 15 日监禁. Has it ever occurred to you that jails were first invented for debtors? ;

你有没有想过,监狱最初 是为了关押欠债人而发 明的? line n.线条;方针,路线; 线路,电话线;线,绳; 排,行;行业,专长 line vt.使排成一行;划线于 vi.排队,排齐 People lined the streets to see the famous man go past. ;人们站在街道两旁看那位 著名人士走过. Line and color are both important in portrait painting. ;线条和色彩在肖像绘画中 都很重要. master n.男主人,雇主;能手, 名家,大师; master vt.掌握,精通;征服,控制 a.主要的,重要的; 精通的,优秀的 Who is the master mind behind this plan? ;谁是这个计划的幕后 决策人? I don't think we can master a language in a year's study. ;我不相信经过一年的 学习我们就可以掌握一种 语言. notion n.概念,观念;意图, 想法,念头 The notion that the earth is round has been widely accepted since Magellan accomplished the first voyage around the world.

;关于地球是圆的概念已广 泛为人们所接受自从麦哲伦首次完成环球 旅行以来, Some men have a notion that women should never wear cosmetics. ;有些男人认为女人应该 素面朝天. option n.选择;选择权,选择 自由;(供)选择的事物 (或人物) The government has two options, to reduce spending or to increase taxes.

政府只有两种选择,不是削减开支便是增加 税收. Please make a list of the various options. ;请列出可供选择的项目. pay vt.付钱给,支出; 给予(注意等), 进行(访问等) pay vi.付款;有利,值得; 付出代价,受到惩罚 n.工资,薪金 It will pay in the long run if the setting off of firecrackers is effectively banned in the cities. ; 从长远来看,在城市里鞭 炮是值得的,真正有效地禁放. I'll certainly pay you back for what you did to me! ;你那样对待我,我一定要 回敬你的! rare a.稀有的,罕见的; 珍奇的,出类拔萃的; Jasper White is one of those rare people who believe in ancient myths. ;贾斯珀.怀特是那些少 有的相信 古代神话的人 之一. rare a.(空气)稀薄的; (肉等)煎得嫩的 The higher we go above the earth,the rarer the air is. ;我们离开地面越高,空气 越稀薄. reflection n.映象,倒映; 反射;反映,表达; 深思,考虑,反省 Don't act without sufficient reflection. ;不要未经深思就采取 行动. The dog barked at his reflection in the river. ;那条狗对着小河中自己的 倒影吠叫. satisfactory n.令人满意的 When you think it over,you will see that it is the satisfactory way out. ;你好好考虑,就会明白那 是惟 一令人满意的出路. The Johnson Administration failed to come up with a satisfactory solution to the economic crisis.;

约翰逊当局拿不出令人 满意的解决办法来解决经济危机. shame vt.使蒙受羞辱,使丢脸 shame n.羞耻,羞愧,耻辱; 可耻的人(或事物); 遗憾的事,可惜 It is a shame to be so wasteful. ;这样浪费太可惜了. Will students feel great shame at having failed the final exam? (Will students be shamed by their failure to pass the final exam?) ;学生们会为期末考试不及 格而感到羞耻吗? superficial a.肤浅的,浅薄的; 表面的 Superficial scratches can be easily removed. ;表层的划痕很容易除掉. I have only a superficial knowledge of this subject. ;我对这个问题仅略知 皮毛. sympathize vi.(~with)同情,怜悯 (~with) 体谅,赞同 I sympathize with you; I've had a similar unhappy experience myself. ;我很同情你,我自己也有 过类似的 不幸遭遇. We sympathize with the goals of the committee. ;我们赞同委员会的目标. treaty n.条约,协定 The two leaders underline that the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile(ABM) Treaty is a vital cornerstone of global strategic security.

两位领导人强调 1972 年 的《反弹道导弹条约》;是全球战略安全的基石. undertake vt.承担,着手做; 同意,答应,保证 During her husband's presidency, Jacqueline Kennedy undertook the coordin- ation of the White House restoration. ; ;在丈夫担任总统期间,杰奎林.肯尼迪承担了协 调白宫的修复工作. unusual a.不平常的,少有的; 与众不同的,独特的 It is quite unusual for a freshman to be younger than eighteen or older than nineteen but I was barely 16 when I entered college.

一年级新生小于 18 岁 或大于 19 岁的相当少,但是我进大学时才 16 岁. The most unusual car was a Benz which had only three wheels. ;最奇特的小汽车是辆只有 3 个轮子的奔驰 小汽车. violate vt.违反,违背;亵渎; 侵犯,妨碍 The soldier violated the church by using it as a stable. ;士兵们把教堂当马厩用而 亵渎了它. You have violated the traffic regulation. ;你违反了交通规则. This is double yellow line and no parking is allowed. ;这是双黄线,不可以停 车的. wage n.薪水;报酬,报应

The railroad workers have asked for a wage increase and the management is working on that. 铁路工人要求增加工资,资方正在研究此事. The six members to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization ; have determined to wage war against terrorism,separatism and extremism. 上海合作组织"签约的 6 个成员国决定向恐怖主义、分裂主 义和极端主义开战.

Lesson 3

budget ;n.预算,预算拨款 The new financial secretary of Hong Kong ;香港新任财政司司长

budget ;vi.编预算,作安排 vt.规划,安排 n.低廉的,收费公道的 is expected to announce fax cuts in this year's budget. ;

香港人期望他在本年度预 算中宣布削减税收. A lot of money has been saved by budgeting. ;通过预算开支,一大笔钱 节省下来.

capable ;a.有能力的,有技能的 Not everyone is capable of judging art. ;并不是每个人都有鉴赏艺 术的能力. The situation is capable of improvement. ;这种情况是可以改善的. That mob's capable of any crime. ;那个暴徒什么违法的事都 干得出来.

combat ;n.战斗,格斗 v.与...战斗, 与...斗争 In order to survive all kinds of competitions, ;要想在各种各样的竞争中 站稳脚跟, a businessman has to combat with his rival. ;商人就不得不与对手 抗争.

comprehensive ;a.广泛的,综合的 The state government of California gave a very comprhensive explanation of its plans for the development of the electronic industry.

加利福尼亚州政府 详尽地解释了对电子工业的发展规划.

convince ;vt.使确信,使信服,说服 What conviced them to vote for Bush? ;究竟是什么说服了他们投 布什的票? You should present evidences to convince the judge of your innocence. ;你得摆出证据使法官相信 你的清白. defeat ;n.击败,战胜;战败,失败 vt.击败,战胜; 使失败,挫折 The Chinese U-21 Football Team ; was defeated by the Argentina Team in the football match.

中国青年足球队在足球赛中输给了阿 根廷队.

deserve ;vt.应受,应得,值得 Nature deserves our protection because we ourselves are part of it.

大自然应受我们的保护,因为我们自己也是它的一 份子.

economical ;a.节约的,节省的,经济的 Going by train is more economical than going by plane. ;坐火车比坐飞机更省钱. Bicycles are regarded as an economical alternative to buses ; whose fares have increased 5 times in the past 3 years.

自行车被看成是比公共汽 车更实惠的交通工具,因为公共汽车票价在最 近三年内涨了五倍.

evaluate ;vt.评价,估计, 求...的值 The research project has been under way only for three months, so it's too early to evaluate its success.

这个研究项目进行了不过 三个月,所以要对它的成绩作出 评价为时尚早.

fantastic ;a.极好的,极出色的; 极大的,难以相信的; 异想天开的;奇异的 Li Yundi's piano performance is really fantastic. ;李云迪的钢琴表演实在是 太出色了. There are many fantastic legends in ancient China. ;中国古代有许多稀奇古怪 的传说.

frontier ;n.边界,边境 frontier ;(the ~)开发地区的边缘 边远地区; The frontiers of medical knowledge are being pushed farther outwards ;医学知识的新领域正向 前 推进 as time goes on. ;随着时间的推移.

guarantee ;vt.保证,担保 n.保证,保证书 Every new television comes with a guarantee. ;每台新电视机都有保 修单.

Blue skies are not always a guarantee of continuing fine weather. ;蔚蓝的天空并不能永远 保证天 气持续晴朗. Many shopkeepers guarantee satisfaction to customers. ;许多店主向顾客保证一定 要让他们满意.

honor ;n. honor ;vt.给...以荣誉; 向...示敬意,尊敬 It's a great honor to meet you. ;见到你真是三生有幸. The strong powers must honour their commitments to smaller nations. ;大国应该履行对小国所作 的承诺. Will you honor me with a visit? ;如蒙光临,荣幸之至.

invisible Many distant stars are invisible to the naked eye. ;很多遥远的星球是肉眼看 不到的. Goodwill is an invisible asset to a business. ;友好关系对于一桩生意来 说是一种无形的资产.

manage ;vt.管理,经营,处理; 设法,对付;控制,操纵 vt.处理,设法对付 Who will manage while the director is away? ;总管不在时谁管事? Are you good at managing your money? ;你善于理财吗?

mess ;n.凌乱状态,脏乱状态; 混乱的局面,困境 vt.弄糟,弄脏,搞到 You have made a mess of the job! ;你把工作弄的一团糟. I've just cleaned the floor,and you've messed it up again by dropping bits of paper everywhere! ; ; 我刚扫干净地板,你又把纸屑弄得到处都 是,把地板搞脏.

morderate ;a.中等的,一般的; 温和的,稳健的; 有节制的,适度的

morderate ;v.(使)和缓; (使)减轻 Parents should moderate their language when children are present. ;孩子们在场时,父母们讲 话应 有节制.

notify ;v.通知,告知,报告 When your bike is stolen,do you notify the police or just accept the bad luck? ;如果自行车被偷,你是 通 知警察,还是自认倒霉?

odd ;a.不成对的,单的; 奇数的;挂零的,剩余的 odd ;a.奇特的,古怪的; 临时的,不固定的; Some people get odder as they grow older. ;有些人越老越古怪.

parade ;n.游行,检阅 v.(使)列队行进, (使)游行 The Olympic Games begin with a parade of all the competing nations. ;奥运会以参赛各国运动员 的列队行进开始. He is always parading his wealth/his knowledge. ;他总是夸耀自己的财富/ 知识.

peculiar ;a.奇怪的,古怪的; 特有的,独具的,独特的 Language is peculiar to mankind. ;语言是人类特有的.

personality ;n.个性,人格; 人物,名人 The purpose of educa- tion is to develop a fine personality in children. ;教育的目的是发展孩子完 美 的品格.

prevail ;vi.流行,盛行,获胜, 成功 Truth is great and will prevail. ;真理是至高无上的,且必 将获胜.

At last justice has prevailed and the guilty man has been punished. ;正义最终取得了胜利, 作恶的 人受到了惩罚.

quality ;n.质,质量;品质,品德; 性质,特性 This new model is of high quality and is not expensive either. ;这种新款式质量非?? 而且也不贵. One quality of wood is that it can burn. ;木材的一个特性是可以 燃烧.

reckon ;vt.认为,估计; 指望,盼望;测算,测量 Do you still reckon him as your friend? ;你还认为他是你的 朋友吗? I reckon there are at least fifty people in the room. ;我估计房间里至少有 50 个人. A machine for weighing people has a scale from one pound to 300 pounds on it. ;称体重的机器上有 从 1 磅 到 300 磅的刻度.

scale ;vt.攀登 scale ;n.大小,规模;等级 The scale of this map is one centimeter to the kilometer. ;这个地图的比例是 1 厘米 代表 1 公里. The tax was scaled up/ down to 10 percent. ;税按比例增/减百分之十.

wealthy ;a.富裕的 If we want everyone to live a healthy,wealthy and happy life, ;如果我们想使每个人都能 过健康、富 裕和幸福的生 活, strict birth control is quite essential. ;就必须实行严格的计划 生育. A man who is wealthy in compassion sometimes suffers a lot. ;感情丰富的人有时候很 遭罪的.

Lesson 4

advise Yasir Arafat's father advised him to go into business, but he was determined to strive all out to construct an indepen- dent state for the Palestinians. ;

亚瑟.阿拉法特的父亲要 他从商,可是他却决心为建立独立 的巴基斯坦人的国家而 奋斗.为巴基斯坦人. We wish to advise you that your telephone bill is due tomorrow, after which we will have no chioce but to disconnect you.

;特此通知:你的电话帐单 明天到期,过期未缴,我们将不得不 停机. boring I had expected books on philosophy to be boring, but this one,Sophie's World,is fascinating.

我原以为哲学书枯燥乏 味,谁知道这本《苏菲的世 界》却妙趣横生. The lecture was boring that we couldn't help yawning. ;那场讲座真闷,我们都忍 不住要打哈欠. clap When Richard Clayderman finished the performance, the whole audience was on their feet and clapped and clapped.

理查德.克莱德曼结束演 出的时候,观众全体起立,掌声经 久不息. The coach clapped the new member on the back to suggest his encouragement. ;教练轻轻拍了拍新来的队 员 的背表示鼓励. conceal A teacher should learn to conceal his bad mood when giving lectures.

教师应学会在授课的时候 掩饰自己的坏心情. contribute Popular songs and music may be labeled as vulgar, but they contribute to our enjoyment.

流行音乐和流行歌曲也许 是庸俗的,但它们使得我们更享受 生活的乐趣. The prestigious professor has said in his will to contribute his collection of books to the local library. 那位名教授立下遗嘱,在他死后把他的藏书捐给 当地的图书馆.

critical Life will have significant change at some critical moments, so we should grasp every chance and take every critical decision seriously.

人生往往在关键时刻会有 重大改变,所以我们要把握好每一个 机遇并认真对待每一个 重大决定. A critical spirit is what a reader should possess to get the most out of anything he reads.

一个读者必须具有批判 精神,才会读有所获. deposit I left a 10,000-yuan deposit toward the purchase of a Sail.

为了买一台赛欧车,我留 下 1 万元人民币的订金. deposit Millions of years later, a thick deposit of rich fertile soil has formed in the delta.

数百万年之后,在三角洲地区沉淀了一 层厚厚的沃土. distress When the captain found the ship was rapidly sinking, he ordered his men to send out a distress signal.

船长发现船在迅速下沉时就命令船员发了遇险 信号. Two in distress makes sorrow less. ;同病相怜,同忧相救. due Having worked in the company for over three years, you are due for a pay raise.

你在公司干了 3 年多了,该升工资了. Mistakes due to carelessness may have serious consequences. ;由于粗心而造成的错误可 能会引起严重后果. error Computers can help check spelling errors, so more people's spelling is getting worse.

电脑能帮助检查拼写 错误,所以越来越多人的拼写能 力差了. fault Every man has his faults. ;人非圣贤,孰能无过. When you love a person you should love him/ her for her faults as well as his/her virtues ;当你爱一 个人时,你爱他 /她的优点,也得爱他/她 的缺点. gentle Some girls appear gentle,but you shouldn't take it for granted that they never lose their temper.

有些女孩子表面看上去挺 温柔,但你千万别以为她们从不发脾气. ideal Leonardo might be an idea lover,but he is too handsome to set a girl's mind at rest. ;列奥纳多也许可 以做一个 理想的情人,但是他太英 俊了,让女孩子放心不下. incredible People around the world can't hold their wonder at the incredible speed at which the Chinese reconstruct their own country.

全世界人们无不惊叹中国人民重建其国家 的惊人速度. landscape I am crazy about Italian landscapes because they are colorful.

我十分迷恋意大利风景画 因为它们色彩极为丰富. mercy I beg your mercy for another chance. ;求求你大发慈悲再给我一 次机会吧. multiply When animals have more food,they generally multiply faster. ;动物如果吃得多,通常繁 殖也快. If you give the workers proper incentives,efficiency will be multiplied. ;如果你给予工人适当的激 励, 可以成倍地提高效率. partner You are losing Thomas as a friend? ;失去托马斯的友情吗? Didn't I tell you that friends should never be partners in doing business? ;我不是给你讲过,朋友之 间 不要合伙做生意吗? persist On the top of very high mountains snow persists throughout the year. ;高山顶上,积雪终年不化. precise Having won a gold medal in the Olympics, ;赢得一枚奥运会金牌, Tao Luna has become famous as one of the world's most precise sharpshooters. ;陶路娜以世界最准确的 神 枪手之一而成名. prospect What do you think of the prospect of cyber economy? ;你对网络经济的前景有何 看法? An insurance salesman sometimes calls on quite a few prospects but fails to make a sale.

保险公司推销员有时访问 好几个可能的顾客却一笔生意也做不成. recover Bone marrow transplantation is the most effective way for leukaemia patients to recover.

做骨髓移植是白血病人得以痊愈的 最有效的方法. restrain I can't restrain my anger when I hear of people being cruel to animals. ;当听到有人残酷地对待动 物的 时候,我就抑制不住 愤怒. scarce According to a recent study,50 years from now oil will become scarce. ;据最近的研究,50 年后石 油将短 缺. shield In summer people like to wear sun glasses to shield their eyes from the sun. ;夏天人们爱戴墨镜以使 眼 睛免遭太阳光照射. succeed As she had no son or daughter to succeed her, the old English lady decided to leave her property to her pet dog.

由于没有子女来继承她的 财产,那个英国老太太决定由 她心爱的宠物狗来继 承财产. treasure Dreams of finding lost treasures in the ancient riverbed almost came true. ;在古河床找到失去的财宝 的 梦想几乎变成了现实. variation

British English, American English, Australian English and South African English are the major variations of the English language.

英国英语、美国英语、 澳洲英语和南非英语是英语的主要变体. worth The true worth of one's friendship is demonstrated when you are in distress. ;友谊的真正价值体现在你 落难时刻. Very few places are worth visiting twice in 10 years, but Shanghai is an exception.

很少地方值得在 10 年内去 两次,但是上海是个例外.

Lesson 5
accident ;n.意外遭遇,事故, 意外因素,意外 Accidents will happen in the regulated families. ; John's had an accident;he's been run over by a car. ;约翰出事了,他被一辆小 汽车撞倒了.

announce ;vt.宣布,宣告; 声称,叙说;预示,预告 The government announced that they would build a new highwayto the mountains.

政府宣布他们将修建一条 新公路通向山区. The invention of the microchip announced a new generation of computers. ;微芯片的发明预示了新 一 代计算机的诞生.

candidate ;n.申请求职者;候选人; 投考者 The Republican candid- ate George W.Bush has become President of the U.S.A. ;乔治.布什已当选 为美国 总统.

clash ;vi.发生冲突;不协调; 发出撞击声 n.冲突;不协调;撞击声 This shirt clashes with your trousers. ;这件衬衣和你的裤子 不配. I failed to watch the World Cup final because it clashed with my examination. ;我没能看成世界杯 (足球)决赛,因为和我 的考试日期冲突了.

compromise ;n.妥协,折中办法 vi.妥协

compromise ;vt.危及...的安全; 放弃(原则,利益) I would rather die than compromise. ;我宁死不妥协.

Such conduct will compromise your reputation. ;如此举动将会损害你的 名誉.

contradiction ;n.矛盾,不一致; 否认,反驳 Is it a contradiction to love animals and yet wear furs? ;又爱护动物又穿皮毛服装 是矛盾的吗?

court ;n.法庭,法院;球场;?? 宫廷,宫室,庭院 The prisoner was brought to court for trial. ;囚犯被带上法庭受审. The court found the prisoner not guilty. ;法官判决犯人无罪.

delicate ;a.易破碎的,脆弱的; 微妙的;娇弱的,纤细 的;精美的,精致的 The international situation is very delicate at present. ;当前的国际形势十分 微妙. Delicate plants must be protected from old wind and frost. ;娇弱的植物必须妥为保护 以避免风霜的 侵袭.

distinction ;n.差别,不同;区分,辨别 优秀,杰出;荣誉,优待 There is no distinction between the twins. ;在这对孪生子之间看不出 有什么明显的差别. A distinction should be made between the primary and the secondary contradictions.

要区分主要矛盾和次要矛盾.

economic ;a.经济的,经济学的 economic ;n. The economic state is not good in many developing countries. ;许多发展中国家的经济状况不佳.

ensure ;vt.保证,担保,确保 If you want to ensure that you get the diploma, you have to work harder and pass all the exams.

如果你想确保获得文凭,?就得努力些,通过所有 考试. We can ensure that the work shall be done in the right way. ;我们可以保证把工作 做好.

gear ;n.齿轮,传动装置,(汽车 的)排挡;工具,用具 vt.使适合使适应 Education should be geared to students's needs. ;教育应适合学生们的 需要. Learn to shift gear at the right moment while driving. ;开车要学会在适当的时候 换挡.

feasible ;a.可行的,可能的, 可用的 It is feasible to apply the computer to language teaching. ;

grip n.紧握,握牢;掌握,控制 vt.紧握,抓牢; 吸引住...的注意力 The brake doesn't grip properly. ;刹车不灵. Van Gogh's "Sunflower" can always grip my imagination. ;梵高的画《向日葵》总能引起我的想象.

honorable ;a.荣誉的,光荣的; 可敬的,高尚的 Will the honorable member please answer the question? ;请尊敬的议员先生回答这个问题好吗?

imagination ;n.想象,想象力; 空想,想象的事物 In the world of words, imagination is one of the forces of nature. ;在文字世界里,想象力是天赋的能 力之一.

interior ;n.内部;内地,腹地 a.内(部)的,内地的, 国内的 Nowdays interior design is a very promising industry. ;室内设计是当今颇具前途的行业.

manufacture All those underground plants that manufacture piratic CDs must be closed down. ;所有制造盗版光 盘的地下 工厂都必须查封. To develop manufactures to the utmost, China must have new markets for her products.

若要极大地发展制造业中国就必须拥有销售其 产品的新市场.

mobile ;a.运动的,活动的, 可移动的;机动的, 流动的;易变的 The mobile medical team will soon be here. ;巡回医疗队不久就要到 这儿来. mobile ;n.移动电话 Now more and more Chinese own mobile phones and they are not luxuries any more. ;现在越来越 多的中国人有 手机,手机再也不是奢侈 品了.

overcome ;vt.战胜,克服;(感情等) 压倒,使受不了 The Chinese Women's Volleyball Team overcome a lot of difficultyto win the match.

中国女排克服重重困 难,赢得了这场比赛的胜利.

permanent ;a.永久性的,固定的 True love should be permanent. ;真爱应该是永恒的.

predict ;vt.预言;预测;预示 Timely snow predicts a bumper harvest. ;瑞雪兆丰年. A crystal ball is said to be able to predict the future in some Western countries. ;在一些西方国家中, 人们 说水晶球可以预兆未来.

proposal ;n.提议,建议;求婚 Proposal is easier than performance. ;提议容易实行难, How could you make a proposal without a ring? ;你怎么可以去求婚而不带 上戒指呢?

recreation ;n.消遣,娱乐 Karaoke is many young people's favorite recreation. ;唱卡拉 OK 是许多年轻人 喜欢的娱乐活动.

resume ;v.继续,(中断后) 重新开始,恢复 n.摘要,概略,简历 We resumed our work after a rest. ;休息之后我们重新开始 工作.

segment ;n.部分;片段;节;弧形 Do you still remember the most wonderful segment of Gone with the Wind? ;你还记得《飘》中最精 彩 的片段吗?

shortage ;n.不足,缺乏 In the developed countries there's a great shortage of labor/work force. ;发达国家劳动力非常 缺乏.

subtract ;v.减去,减 If you subtract 3 from 5,you get 2. (3 subtracted from 5 is 2.) ;5 减 3 等于 2. That subtractts nothing from his merit. ;那丝毫没有减损他的 功绩.

total ;a.总的,全部的; n.总数,合计 total ;vi.合计,总计 vt.计算...的总和 The UN Security Council has a total of five countries as its permanent members. ;联合国安理会总 共有 5 个 常任理事国.

underline ;vt.在...下面划线; 强调,突出 Do you underline the important points ;阅读时你会将要点 and things you don't understand while reading? ;和不明之处划处出来吗?

Lesson 6
accidental a.意外的,偶尔发生的 Their accidental meeting led to a renewal of their acquaintance. 偶然的相遇使他们重续 前缘.

alternative a.两者择一的,供选择的 另类的,他择性的 alternative n.取舍,抉择,供选择的 东西;选择的余地 I couldn't afford the trip to Xinjiang,so I had no alternative but to stay at home this vacation.不 够钱去新疆旅游, 所以这个假期我只能呆在家里.

Have you got an alternative suggestion? 你有没有其他的建议可选择? career n.生涯,职业 The technological innovation of recent years have changed the nature of many jobs and influenced the careers of many people.近几年来的技术改革改变 了许多工作的性质;并影响着许多人的职业生涯. collision n.碰撞;冲突,抵触 In Britian,a collision with the Parliament could ruin the government's plans. 在英国,政府与议会的冲突可能使政府的计划破产

concede vt.承认...为真(或正确) (在结果确定前)承认失败 允许,让与 concede vi.让步,认输 vt.(不情愿的)承认 The Democratic Party conceded defeat as soon as the election results were known. 大选结果一揭晓,民主党就承认失败. After the First World War Germany conceded its neighbors much valuable land. 第一次世界大战后,德国让与其邻国许多宝贵的领土. contribution n.贡献,促成作用; 捐款,捐献物; (投给报刊等的)稿件 Mr.He Zhenliang has made an important contribution to the Olympic bid. 何振梁先生为申奥做出了重大贡献. custom n.习俗;风俗;惯例 海关,关税 In ancient times the custom of shaking hands served to transfer power or authority. 在古时候,握手的惯例用以表示转让力量或权威. devote vt.把...专用于; 将...奉献给 Nurses devote themselves to the care of the sick.护士致力于护理病人的事业. The magazine Nature is devoted to science. 《自然》杂志专门刊载科技文章. donation n.捐赠品,捐款; 捐赠,赠送 Bill Gates made a donation of 100 million U.S.dollars to the Global AIDS and Health Fund. 比尔.盖茨捐赠了 1 亿美元给全球艾滋病健康基金会 embarrass vt.使窘,使尴尬, 使不好意思 The decline of sales embarrassed the company. 销路下降使公司陷于财政困难. It embarrassed him (He was embarrassed) when he found he hadn't enough money to invite his girl friend to dinner. 当他发现自己不够钱请女 友吃晚饭时,他觉得很尴尬。

exlusive a.奢华的,高级的; 独有的,独享的; 排斥的,排他的; exlusive a.(~of)不包括...的 n.独家新闻 Hair is exclusive in mammals. 毛发是辅乳动物独有的. Some journalists are willing to get the exclusive at any cost. 有的记者愿意不惜一切的获取独家新闻. fiction n.小说 Truth is often stranger than fiction. 真事常常比小说还离奇. general n.将军 a.一般的,普通的;总的, 全体的;笼统的,大体的 The Conservative Party failed in the general election for all their pains. 尽管保守党费尽了心机, 还 是在大选中遭到了失败. I like games in general,and especially football. 各种运动我一般都喜欢, 尤其是足球. humble vt.使谦虚,使...卑下 humble a.卑贱的,地位(或身份) 低下的;谦虚的, 谦逊的;简陋的,低劣的 Defeat and failure may make people humble. 挫折和失败会使人变得谦卑. infinite a.无穷的,无限的, 无边无际的 Infinite space surrounds the Earth. 地球周围围绕着无限的空间. judgement n.看法,评价,意见; 判断,判断力; 审判,判决 As a qualified premier he is a man of good judgement. 作为一个很有才干的总 理,他具有很强的判断 力. The judgement was in her favor and she was released from custody. 判决对她有利,她被当庭释放. miss n.小姐 vt.未击中,未达到; 未赶上;惦念;未注意 到,未明白;避免 Don't miss our bargain offers! ;本店大减价,勿矢良机! Miss India was honored with Miss Globe for the year 2000. ;印度小姐荣膺 2000 年度 环球小姐. opposite prep/ad.在对面 a.对面的;相反的,对立的 n.对立面,对立物 It is said that opposites attract. 都说异性相吸.

My view is just the opposite.Do you accept opinions opposite to yours? 我的观点正相反,你接受与你的意 见相对立的意见吗? performance n.演出,表演.履行,执行; 工作情况,表现; 工作性能 Windows 98 has a very satisfactory performance. Windows 98 的性能令人很满意. He is faithful in the performance of his duties. 他忠于职守. pledge n.保证,誓言 vt.保证,许诺 Take this gift as a pledge of our friendship. 把这个作为我们友谊象征 的礼物收下吧. You must be pledged to keeping the secret. 你必须誓守秘密. profit n.利润,收益,益处 vt.有益于,有利于 vi(~by,~from)得益 We can profit by making mistakes. 我们可以从错误中得到 教益. We hope our criticisms and suggestions will profit you. 我们希望我们的批评和建 议将对你有所裨益. recognition n.认出,识别; 承认,确认,认可; 赏识,表彰,报偿 Henry Tanner received widespread recognition for his naturalistic painting of plantation life.

亨利坦纳受到了广泛的承认,是由于他对种植园生活的 自然主义描画. The arms race leads to the recognition by the superpowers that arms talks must be resumed. ;军备竞赛 使超级大国认识 到必须重开军备谈判. reflect v.反射,映现;反映,显示; 深思,反省,考虑 Baseball reflects America's history, just as Roslyn Mazer put it.

罗斯林.马泽尔说过,棒 球反映出美国的历史. A child's bad behavior reflects on his home training. 孩子的坏行为可归咎于家 教不严.
sacrifice n.牺牲,舍身;葬品; 献祭,供奉

A mother would sacrifice her life for her children. 母亲为自己的孩子操劳 一生.

shock n.震动,冲击;震惊,惊鄂; 休克;电震,电击 v.(使)震惊

It was a great shock for him when his wife died. 妻子的死对他是一种沉重 的打击. I was shocked when I heard about your accident. 当我听到你出事后我很 震惊.
talk vi.讲话,谈论,交谈 vt.讲,说,谈论 talk n.谈话,会讲;讲演,讲话; 会谈;闲话,流言蜚语

I hate talk and no action. 我讨厌光有一大堆空话而无实际行动. Peace talks between the two sides will be held again in Seoul soon. 双方不久将在汉城重开 和谈.
true a.真实的,确实的; 真正的;真的;忠实的, 忠诚的;正确的,精确的

It is true that the city can provide much convenience and entertainment,which is the very reason why people can't bear to part with city life. 确实,城市能提供许多方 便和娱乐,这正是人们为什么不愿 放弃城市生活的主要原因.
variety n.品种,种类; 变化,多样性,多样化

The secretary complained that her paperwork lacked variety. 秘书抱怨她的文书工作缺少变化.
watch v.注视,观看;看守, 监视,照看;小心,当心 watch n.表;看管,监视

You have to watch it when you step onto the ice. 你走上冰面时一定要留神了! Keep watch against thieves! 谨防小偷!

Lesson 7
accommodation n. The high cost of accommodation makes life difficult for many Chinese students in London.

在伦敦住宿昂贵使很多中国留 学生感到生活困难. alliance n.结盟,联盟 China is a nonaligned country and will never enter into other countries' alliances. 中国是不结盟国家, 不会 加入其他国家的联盟. In the Second World War,the United States, Britian, France and some other countries made an alliance against German Fascists. 在第二次世界大战中, 美、英、法等国家结成联盟反对 德国法西斯. coarse a.粗的,粗糙的; 粗劣的;粗俗的 On the stage, a stand-up comedian is performing a coarse imitation of President Bush.

在台上,一位滑稽说笑的戏剧演员 正粗劣地模仿布什总统. Ultraviolet rays,dust, air-conditioning can make your skin coarse.

紫外线、灰尘、空调等都 会使皮肤粗糙.

concern n.关切的事有关的事; 关心;担心;关系; 公司,企业 concern vt.涉及,有关于;使担 心,使关心 Weak financial posture of "Netease" is starting to concern its stockholders.

“网易”的财政危机 已开始困扰股东. A girl's concern is different from a boy's. 女孩子关心的事和男孩子 所关心的不一样.

crucial a.至关重要的,决定性的 Generally in science, the 19th century is reckoned as the crucial period for the change in the structure of science. 在科学领域中,19 世纪通 常被看成是科学结构发生变化的关 键时期. Selecting a location is crucial to the opening of a store. 地点的正确选择对开店是 至关重要的.

defend vt.保卫, 为...辩护, 为??(论文等)答辩 Fan Zhiyi is better at attacking than defending. 范志毅的进攻优于防守. The soldiers swore to defend the Nansha Isles against invasion 战士们誓言保卫南沙群岛 不受侵犯.

dominant a.占优势的,支配的, 统治的;居高临下的, 高耸的 Russia is the dominant nation in Eastern Europe. 俄罗斯是东欧的主要 国家. The Big Bang,first put forward in the 1920s, acts as the dominant explanation of the cosmos.

宇宙大爆炸理论最初于 20 世纪 20 年代提出,这是宇宙形成的最具权威 性的解释.

emphasize vt.强调,着重,加强的 语气 Our government must use mass media to emphasize the important of a clean environment and the harm of polluted environment.

我们的政府要通过大众媒 体强调营造清洁环境的重要性 以及一个受污染的环 境的危害性. Computer-analyzed marketing reports can help to decide which products to emphasize.

计算机分析的市场报告可 以用来帮助决策现在着重 发展何种产品.

execute vt.处死,处决;实施, 执行,完成 McVeigh was executed for his crime. 迈克维被处决,他是罪有 应得. The manager assistant came here to execute a few small commissions for the manager. 经理助理到这里来 是代替 经理办几件小事的.

file vt.把文件归档,把登记 备案,提出...申请书等 file n.挡案,卷宗,文件; 文件夹,公文柜;纵列 Here's our file on the results of the business in the past five years.

这是我们过去五年来经营 成绩的案卷.

file vi.(~for)提出,排成纵 队行进 Computer technology makes it possible to store vast amounts of data in machine-readable files.

计算机技术使将大量资料 贮存在可机读的文档成为可能.

glance vt.看一眼;扫视 n.一瞥,扫视 It was said that Hua Tuo,the well-known Chinese doctor in ancient times, could tell whether a person was ill with one glance at his face. 据说,中国古时候的名 医华佗只要朝人脸上看一眼, 就知道他是否有病.

humor n.幽默,诙谐; 情绪,心情 The humor in Hawthorn's writing is not be absorbed in a hurry. 霍桑作品中的幽默不是一 下子能领会的. People appreciate working with Mark Twain because he has a good sense of humor. 人们喜欢和马克.吐温 一 起工作,因为他很有幽 默感.

influence n.影响(力);产生影响的 人(或事物);势力,权势 vt.影响 Family influence dominates the shaping of one's characteristics.

家庭的影响对于塑造一个 人的性格起主要作用.

lease n.租借,租约 vt.出租;租有,租得 The firm leases an office with views over the river. 公司租有一个带临河风景 的办事处. When does the lease expire? ;租约什么时候期满? The lease has four years left. ;租约还有 4 年到期.

offense ;n.犯规,违法行为; 得罪,冒犯 Guangdong province has promised a reward of up to 300,000 yuan ($36.000) to drug offense informers

if they provide important information on drug trafficking.

广东省承诺,可以给多达 30 万元(36,000 美元) 的赏金给毒品犯罪举报人,如果他们能提供毒品走私 的重要情报. It's an offense to drive a car at night without lights. ;夜晚行车不开灯是违 章的. Genocide is an offense to all civilized human beings. ;种族灭绝是违反文明人的 道德规范的罪行.

penalty ;n.处罚,惩罚,罚金 A football player may be given a yellow card or a red card penalty ; for his unnecessary roughness during the match. 足球队员在比赛中会受到 黄牌或红牌处罚因其不必要的粗暴行为.

position ;n.位置,方位;地位,职务; 姿势;见解,立场 vt.安放,放置,安置 I am not in a position to lend you money because I am broke myself. ;我没能力借钱给你,因为 我自己也 花光了. Many fans position themselves in the Beijing airport to greet Ricky Martin. ;许多歌迷站在北京机场的 出 口处迎接瑞奇.马丁.

promise ;vt.允诺;有指望,有前途 promise ;n.承诺,诺言;希望,出息 vt.允诺,答应; 有...可能,有希望 Remember to carry out your promise.(Remember to carry out what you have promised.) ;记住要履行诺言. Clouds give promise of rain.(Clouds promise rain.) ;阴云预示着雨的来临.

reference ;n.提到,谈及;参考,查阅; 参考书目;证明书(或人) 推荐信(或人) We are now forwarding you a catalog for your reference. ;现寄去我方产品目录以供 参考. I asked for a reference letter from IBM Company when I resigned.

;我辞职的时候向 IBM 公司 索取了自荐信.

resource ;n. The Department of Human Resources is an important department in many big companies.

;人力资源部是许多大公司 的一个重要部门. Zhuge Liang was a man of great resource. ;诸葛亮是个足智多谋 的人.

scan ;vt.细看,审视; 浏览;扫描 n.扫描 Many people like to scan the newspaper while having breakfast ;许多人喜欢在吃早饭的时 候浏览一下报纸. Migrating wild geese scan the ground for possible danger before they land. ;迁徙野鹅在着陆之前总要 细 看有无危险.

sheer ;a.完全的,十足的; 陡峭的,垂直的; 极薄的,透明的 Sucess is not achieved by sheer luck. ;成功不是完全靠运气取 得的.

sheer ;ad.垂直的,陡峭的 v.(~off)急转向,偏离 "Mentholatum" sheer color balm is a new product loved by young girls. ;“曼秀雷敦”薄色润唇膏 是新推 出的产品,受到女 孩子们的喜爱.

state ;n.状态,情况; 国家,政府;州 vt.陈述,说明 A healthy state of mind is the source of a happy life. ;健康的心态是幸福生活的 源泉.

succession ;n.连续,继承继任; 一连串,一系列 Please state your name,age and occupation in a few words. ;请用简短的话陈述一下你 的姓名,年龄和职业. The Olympics start with the arrival in the stadium of a torch, lighted on Mount Olympus by the sun's rays and carried by a succession of runners to the stadium.

奥运会以火把到达体育场 为开始,火把在奥林匹斯山上用 太阳光点燃,并由一个接一个的选手送 到体育场.

tolerance ;n.宽容,容忍;忍耐(力) Turn the volume down, please.My tolerance to noise is limited. ;请把音量关小,我对嗓音 的忍耐力是有限 的. Tolerance between the races in the world is a global goal. ;世界各民族间的互相宽容 是全球的目标.

tremendous ;a.巨大的;精彩的, 了不起的 Some pop fans had a tremendous night at the theater last night with Leon's concert. ;昨天晚上一些流 行歌迷在 剧院听黎明的音乐会,度 过了一个美妙的夜晚. Like the other parts of China, Dalian has also made tremendous progress in its social and economic development.与中国其他地方一样,大连在社会经济发展方面 也取得了巨大的进步.

trend The growth in the American population in the 1950s partly derived from a trend toward earlier marriages and an increase in the average size of families.

20 世纪 50 年代美国人口 的增长部分是因为早婚的倾向以及家庭平均规模的 扩大. SOHO has become a new international trend. ;在家办公已成为一种国际 时尚.

unexpected ;a.想不到的,意外的 Noise can have unexpe- cted harmful effects on performance in certain kinds of tasks ;噪音会对某些任 务的完成 有意想不到的不利影响. Many unexpected things would happen in one's life. ;人的一生中会发生很多意 想不到的事.

virtually ;ad.实际上,事实上 Some manufacturers make all sorts of promises, but it virtually means nothing.

有些生产商许下各种各样 的诺言,但事实上却啥也不做. If we travel by Concorde,New York and Paris are virtually neighbours.

如果乘搭协和式飞机旅 行,纽约和巴黎几乎是 邻居.

weakness ;n.虚弱,衰弱,软弱; 弱点,缺点;偏好,嗜好 Education as a mirror of a society,can help us see the strengths, the weakness, the hopes,the prejudices,and the central values of the culture itself.

作为社会的一面镜子,教 育可以帮助我们看清这种 文化本身的优点、缺点、希望、偏见和起支配作 用 的价值观. Women have a weakness for shopping. ;女士都有爱逛街的嗜好.

Lesson 8
accord vi.相符合,相和谐(with) vt.授予,赠与;给予 Israel and Palestine have not yet been in accord ; on the problem of Jerusalem's ascription.

以色列与巴基斯坦至今仍 未能达成一致 就耶路撒冷的归属问题. anticipate vt.预期,期望,预料; 先于行动,提前使用 It is believed in China that a man who always anticipates his income can never become rich. 中国人认为,总是预支工 资,寅吃卯粮的人, 永远不能成为富人. Haier often anticipat- es its competitors by getting its products onto the market first. “海尔”经常赶在竞争对 手之前,先把产品推向市 场. bore vt.使厌烦,使厌倦; 钻(孔),挖(洞) n.令人讨厌的人(或事) I'm bored,let's go to the cinema. ;我闷了,咱们去看电影吧. Don't be such a bore! ;别这么讨厌. combine v.结合,联合,化合 n.联合企业(或团体); 联合收割机 In Indonesia,the two principal political parties have combined to form a government. 在印尼,两个主要政党已 经联合起来组成政府. The choreography,which combines artistry and athletics,is extremely innovative. 兼有艺术和运动的舞蹈艺 术是极具创新意义的. conclusion n.结论,推论;结尾; 缔结,议定 Some found the conclusion of the film Titanic very disappointing. 有些人觉得电影《泰坦尼 克号》的结尾是令人失望 的. Historians have arrived at the conclusion that the Tibetan nationality formed during the 7th century when the Tubo kingdom unified many tribes in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. 历史学家认为, 藏族形成于公元 7 世纪, 当时吐蕃王国将青藏高原 上的许多部落统一起来. contest n.竞赛,比赛;争夺,竞赛 vt.争夺,与?竞争; 对?提出质疑;辩驳 If the election is one-sided,it is really no contest.

如果选举呈一边倒的局 面,那么实际上毫无竞争 可言. crowed n.人群,群众;一群,一批 vi.聚集,群集;挤,涌 vt.挤满,塞满;挤,推 Bai Juyi wrote all his poems for the crowed rather than for specialists. 白居易的全部诗作都是为 一般大众所写,而不是写 给专家们. Urban Japanese have long endured lengthy travels to and from work and crowed living conditions. 生活在城里的日本人长期 以来都要每天长时间乘车 上下班, 而居住条件又非常拥挤. delete vt.删除;擦掉, 勾消,除去 The editor deleted the last paragraph from the article. ;编辑删除了文章的最后 一段. For most people,the first love can't be deleted from memory easily. ;对于大多数人来说,初恋 总是不能 轻易地从记忆中 抹去. disorder n.混乱,凌乱;骚乱,动乱; (身心,机能的)失调;病 Everyone began shouting at once and the meeting broke up in disorder. 大家一下子全部喊叫起 来,会议秩序大乱而被迫 中断. Mental disorder is very common in people now. ;心理失调对当代人来说是 很普通的病症. drain vt.排走,排去...的水; 渐渐耗尽 vi.慢慢流掉,减少 The rainwater drained slowly because the drain was blocked. ;雨水排得很慢,因为排水 沟给堵住了. drain n.耗竭,消耗;排水沟, 排水管 enforce vt.实施,生效,执行; 强迫,迫使 Most airlines enforce a total ban in using portable electronic devices, which will affect the safety of the flight. 绝大多数航空公司都禁用 手提电子设备, 因为那会影响飞机安全. Don't stand in the way when the police enforce the law. ;别妨碍警察执法. exhibit vt.展出,展览,陈列; 显示,显出 n.展览品,陈列品 Many children are especially interested in dinosaur exhibits. ;许多孩子对博物馆展出的 恐龙特别感兴趣.

Social scientists want to explain why we possess certain characteristics and exhibit certain behaviors. 社会学家想解释为什么我 们具有某些特性, 呈现某种特定行为. format n.设计,安排;格式, 样式,版式 vt.使格式化 Many literary classics are now reissued in a new format. ;许多文学名著现在以新的 版式再版. You'd better format the disc before you use it. ;使用磁盘之前最好先格式 化. grade vt.将...分等; 对...进行评分 grade n.等级,级别;成绩,分数; (学校的)年级 Grading people only by their clothing is stupid. ;单凭衣着给人分等级是 愚蠢的. imagine vt.想象,设想; 料想,猜想 You can't imagine how the refuges live in Somali. ;你不可能想象得出索马里 的难民是如何生活的. Without electricity, it would be hard to imagine what the modern world would look like. 很难想象现代社会如果没 有电 会是什么模样. interpret vi.口译,翻译 vt.解释,说明,诠释 To interpret simultaneously is extremely difficult. ;同声翻译是极困难的. Literature helps to interpret life. ;文学有助于阐释人生. minor a.较小的,较少的;次要的 n.副修科目;未成年人 vi.(~in)(大学中)副修 Mei Lanfang was just given a minor part in a new play for his first time on stage. 梅兰芳第一次登上舞台只 分到一出新戏中的一个较 次要的角色. Many university stude- nts will minor in some practical courses in order to get a good job. 许多大学生都会副修一些 实用性的课程,目的是为了能找份好工作 offensive a.冒犯的,无礼的,使人不 快的;进攻的,攻击性的 n.进攻,攻势 Don't glare at wild animals' eyes.It will be taken as an offensive gesture.

别盯着野生动物的眼睛 看,那会被视作攻击性的 姿态. The company has launched a strong marketing offensive to try to increase sales. 公司已经发动争取市场 的强大攻势以期增加销售量. perfect a.完美的;完全的,十足 的;(动词)完成时 vt.使完美,改善 This wonderful view in Hawaii is perfect for daydreaming. ;夏威夷绝佳的风景很能给 人以无尽遐想. The piano was perfected in the early eighteen century by a harpsichord maker in Italy. 钢琴的完善和制成是在 18 世纪早期由意大利一位伟大的键琴 制作者. pilot n.飞行员;引航员,舵手 vt.驾驶(飞机等); 为?领航;实验,试用 pilot a.实验性的,试点的 An airline pilot must be alert at all times. ;飞行员必须时刻保持 警惕. The captain piloted the ship through the canal. ;船长引领船只通过运河. previous a.先,前,以前的; (~to)在之前 Enough materials should be collected previous to writing. ;写作之前要收集足够的 材料. prosperous a.繁荣的,兴旺的 After the end of the Second World War, America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed. “二战”后 战后的美国和美国人的 兴旺成为欧洲和亚洲人 梦寐以求的目标, 因为战争毁掉了他们的 经济. refresh v.(使)振作精神, (使)恢复活力 A cold drink refreshed me after my long walk. ;走了很长一段路之后,一 杯冷饮使我恢复了精神. Enough time should be left for sleep because that will help one become refreshed. ;应该留足够的时间 睡觉, 因为那有助于精力恢复. risk n.危险,风险;引起危险 的事物(或人) Anyone who smokes is risking his health. ;谁抽烟谁就是在危害自己 的健康.

risk vt.冒...的危险, 使遭受危险 The economy will fall further,putting more jobs at risk. ;经济将进一步滑坡,使更 多人遭受失业的危险. The usual risks of the desert: rattlesnakes,heat,and lack of water. ;沙漠中常见的危险有: 响尾蛇,酷热 及缺水. sense n.官能,感觉,判断力, 见识,...感,意义,理性 vt.感到,理解,认识 A sense of humor is a great asset for a person. ;幽默感是一个人的宝贵 财产. Don't waste time with the nonsense.Please try to make sense. ;别浪费时间尽说废话, 讲点有意义的东西. I can sense the tension before the exam. ;我可以感觉到考试前紧张 的气氛. sheet n.被单;薄板;(一)片 (一)张,(一)块 Remember to take the bed sheets in if it rains. ;要是下雨的话,记得收 被单, Write down your answers on the answer sheet. ;把答案写在答题卡纸上. string n.线,弦,细绳;一串,一行 vt.用线串; (用线)悬挂,系住 I have broken a string in my tennis racket. ;我把网球拍上的一根绷绳 给弄断了. The violin is loosely strung. ;这把小提琴装的松了. theme n.(谈话,写作等的) 题目,主题 Boys are the usual themes in girls' chats. ;男孩是女孩闲聊的永恒 主题. It is a common theme in many fiction stories ;这是许多科幻小说的 共同主题 that the world may one day be taken over by insects. ;这个世界有一天被昆虫接 管, vital a.生命攸关的,极为重要 的;有生命的,充满生机 的 Irrigation was vital to agriculture. ;灌溉对农业至关重要.

Lesson_9

accordance n.一致,和谐,符合 The Army and Navy of South Korea were reformed in accordance with Western models after the Second World War.韩国的陆军和海军进行了 改革 二战之后,以与西方接轨.

appropriate a.适当的,恰当的 vt.私占,侵吞,挪用;拨出 (款项等)供专用 The Chinese government appropriated a large sum of money to settle the transmigrants from the Three Gorges. 政府拨出一大笔钱 安置三峡移民. Plain and simple clothes are appropriate for school wear. ;上学时的衣着应该简单 而朴实.

blame vt.指责,责怪;..归咎于 n.(过错,事故等的) 责任;指责,责备 Don't always blame your own failure on others.Sometimes you yourself are to blame.

不要总把失败归咎于他 人.有时该怪你自己.

challenge n.艰巨的任务;怀疑, 质问;挑战,邀请比赛 challenge vt.反对,公然反抗; 向...挑战;对...怀疑, 对...质疑 Michael Chan is the only one among all the Chinese-origin tennis players who can challenge the world champion.张德培是惟一的华裔网球 选手 能向世界冠军挑战. Acquiring a foreign language in three months' time is really a challenge to anyone.

在 3 个月内学会一门外语, 对任何人来说不是简单 事儿.

commission n.委员会;佣金,回扣; 授权,委托 vt.委托,委任 Today,insurance salesmen can get considerable commission on their successful sales.

现在,保险推销员可从成功销售中获得可观 的佣金. You can commission Bank of China to pay your income taxes-- that's very convenient

你可以授权中国银行代缴 所得税,那很方便.

condemn vt.谴责;判...刑; 宣告...有罪 Any nation that interferes in the internal affairs of another nation should be universally condemned. 任何一个干涉他国内政的 国家都应该受到普遍谴责.

convenience n.方便,合宜;便利设施, 方便的用具 Five-star hotels are full of conveniences of every sort. 五星级酒店设备齐全. While computers offer convenience to consumers, they have many advantages for sellers too.

电脑不仅给消费者带来方 便, 同时也给销售者带来 诸多好处.

cruise[kru: ;vi.航游,巡航:(出租车, 船等)缓慢巡行 n.航游,游弋 Quite a few taxis are cruising for fares near the cinema. ;不少计程车在电影院附近 转悠着等着拉客.

Many girls have no idea what a cruise missile is. ;许多女孩都不知道巡航导 弹是何物.

direct a.直接的;坦率的;正好的 ad.直接地,径直地 direct vt.针对;指导; 给...指路;指示; 指挥;导演 United Airlines has direct flights from Hong Kong to India. ;联合航空公司有从香港直 飞印度的航班.

Almost all the recent criticism from the mass media in Japan is directed at the ever-increasing rate of unemployment.在日本,近来大众媒体的 几乎所有批评 都是针对越来越高的失业 率.

doubtful a.难以预测的,未定的; 怀疑的,可疑的 Any theory that has not been tested is a doubtful one. ;任何未经检验的理论都是 不足信的.

engage vt.吸引,占用;(电话)占 线;使从事;聘用;使订婚 vi.(~in)参加,从事于 Studying engages most of my time. ;学习占用了我大部分时间 Beautiful clothes can easily engage girls' attention. ;漂亮的衣服总能轻易地吸 引女孩的注意. Do you want to be engaged in politics or business? ;你想从政还是从商? Being engaged to someone from a rich and powerful family is many actresses' dream. ;嫁入豪门是很多女 明星的 梦想.

faith n.信任,信赖,信心; 信仰,信条 Keeping faith with friends is a good character. ;对朋友守信用是一种好 品格.

force vt.强迫,迫使; 用力推动,用力打开 force n.[p 部队,军队,兵力 暴力,武力;力,力量, 力气;影响力,效力 New emerging forces are invincible. ;新生力量是不可战胜的. It's not proper to force your idea upon others. ;把自己的想法强加于人是 不当的.

habit n.习惯,习性 Hitler once declared that eating meat was a bad habit that had led to the decay of past civilizations. 希特勒曾公开说,吃肉是 一种坏习惯,导致了过往文明的衰落.

implement vt.使生效,履行,实施 n.工具,器具,用具 The imperial civil examination system was implemented in China from the Sui Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. 中国实行科举制度 从隋朝延续到清朝. Rakes,ploughs,hoes and spades are simple farming implements. ;耙、犁、锄、铲是简单 的农具.

inherit vt.继承 Princess Diana was a woman of great beauty, and her sons Henry and William inherit some of her looks.

戴安娜王妃是个大美人, 儿子亨利和威廉继承了她 的美貌. The new Japanese administration inherited the ecnomic problems of the last four years.

日本新政府继承了 前 4 年的经济问题.

investigate v.调查,调查研究 Sherlock Holmes investigated many cases by following the footprints left at the scene of the crime. 福 尔摩斯调查过多宗案件 通过犯罪现场留下的脚印

legislation n.法律,法规;立法, 法律的制定(或通过) The right of legislation belongs to the Congress in the U.S.A. ;美国的立法权属于国会.

mislead vt.给 错误印象, 使误解;把?带错路; 把?带坏,使误入歧途 Don't let his friendly manner mislead you into trusting him. ;不要让他那种友好的态度 使你误信他. Juveniles lacking social experience are likely to be misled by strangers' appearance.

缺少社会经验的青少年容 易为陌生人的外表所迷惑.

operation n.操作,运转,经营;手术; (军事)行动;活动;运算 The skilful operation of a computer is hard to learn. ;学会熟练地操作电脑并不 是容易的. The enlarged markets in China require enlarged operations capable of meeting customers' demands.

中国市场的扩大 要求经营规模的扩大 以满足顾客需求.

pension vt.发给 养老金(或退 职金,抚恤金的) n.养老金,抚恤金 Some Russian veterans complained that their tiny nautical pensions is hardly enough to pay for one cockroach.;有些俄罗斯退伍兵抱怨 说,他们的那点海军养老 金 连养活一只蟑螂都不够.

In the days of infla- tion people on retire- ment pensions find it difficult to live. ;在通货膨胀的 日子里,靠 退休金生活的人发现很难 过活.

potential a.潜在的,可能的; 潜力,潜能 While nuclear weapons present grave potential dangers, the crisis of overpopulation is still the main problem we are facing today.

虽然核武器存在严重的潜 在危险, 但我们今天面临的主要问 题仍是人口过剩的危机.

protect vt.??保卫 Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the Great Wall to be built along the northern border to protect the country against attack.秦始皇命令在北部边界沿 线构筑了长城, 以保卫国家免受攻击. If nothing is done to protect the environment, millions of species that are alive today will become extinct. 如果我们今天不采取什么 措施保护环境,? 那么成百万的物种将会 灭绝.

recognize vt.认出,识别; 承认,确认,认可; 赏识,表彰,报偿 Most developing countries are faced with the necessity to recognize that having more people implies a lower standard of living.大多数的发展国家都必须 认识到,拥有越多的人 口就意味着生活水平越 低下. When any non-human organ is transplanted into a person, the body immediately recognizes it as foreign. 当任何非人体器官被移植 到一个人身上, 他的身体马上会认出它是 异质的.

reproduce v.复制,再现; 繁殖,生殖 The movie Jurassic Park and the book on which it was based, suggest the possibility of reproducing dinosaurs in test tubes through genetic engineering.

电影《侏罗纪公园》以及 它所依据的那本书;让人们觉得,在试管里繁 殖恐龙是可能的 通过基因工程. Photos can be reproduced without negatives now. ;现在相片没有底片也可以 复制.

rotate v.(使)旋转,(使)转动; (使)轮流 The earth rotates around the sun and at the same time the earth rotates once a day.

地球围绕太阳转, 与此同时地球每天自转 一次.

With victory in hand, the coach rotates his players frequently near the end of the game.

因为胜券在握,教练在比赛即将结束时频 繁的轮换球员.

slap vt.掴,掌击,拍, 啪的一声,(用力)放 a.掴,掌击,拍 The girl slapped the boy (=give the boy a slap) in the face because he kissed her without permission. 女孩给了男孩一记耳光 因为男孩未经同意吻了她

stroke n.中风;一次努力;击,敲 报时的钟声;笔画;抚摸 vt.抚摸 With one stroke of his ax, little George Washington had cut the cherry tree down.

用斧子一砍, 小乔治.华盛顿就砍倒了 这棵樱桃树. The first stroke is half the battle. ;[良好的开端是成功 的一半. He stroked her hair affectionately. ;他深情地抚摸着她的 头发.

tradition n.传统,惯例 Making and having dum- plings on Chinese New Year's Eve is a tradi- tion in Northern China

在农历大年夜做饺子,吃 饺子是中国北方的传统.

wire vi.打电报 wire n.金属丝,电线;电报, 电信 vt.给...安装电线电汇, 给...电报 The house is not wired for electricity yet. ;这所房子还没有铺设好 电线.

Lesson_10
achieve vt.完成,实现,达到 vi.成功 The US. achieved its predominance after World War Two because the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors. 美国在第二次世界大战后 获得了显著的优势, 因为大战破坏了它绝大多 数竞争对手的经济. After the long and persistent efforts, China has achieved a low birth rate. 经过长期不懈的努力,中 国人口已实现了低出生率 allowance n.津贴,补贴,零用钱 IBM offers quite a high traveling allowance to its employees. 美国国际商用机器公司给 员工比较高的出差津贴. commitment n.承诺,许诺,保证; 信奉,献身;承担的义务 Many people don't want to get married because they are afraid of commitments. 许多人不愿结婚是因为他 们害怕承担责任. We're looking for someone with a real sense of commitment to the job. 我们在寻求对此工作真正 能尽职尽责的人. condense v.(使)冷凝,(使)凝结; 浓缩,压缩,简缩 When the glass bottle containing water and water vapor is placed in a mixture of dry ice and alcohol, the sudden cold will make the water vapor condense into ice crystals. ; 当装有水和水蒸气的玻璃 瓶 放进干冰和酒精的混合 物中的时候, 猝冷就会使得水蒸气凝结 成冰晶体. A long stroy may be condensed into a few sentences. ;一个长篇故事可缩写成几 句话.

contemporary a.当代的,同时代的; n.同时代的人 Most contemporary physicists have the notion that man can never discover ;绝大多数的当代物理学者 都 认为,人类永远无法 what such mysterious force as eclctricity, magnetism,and gravita- tion "really" are. ;弄清像电力,磁 力和重力 之类的神秘力量究竟是什 么东西. cope vi.(~with)(成功地) 应付,(妥善地)处理 In 1973-1974,the United States made great efforts to cope with the serious problems created by the energy crisis.在 1973 年至 1974 年期间, 美国费了很大力应付 能源危机造成的各种严重 问题. decay vi.腐烂,腐朽;衰败, 衰退,衰落 Each civilization is born,culminates,and decays. ;各种文明都要历经诞生、 鼎盛和衰落. Dentists advise their patient to brush and floss regularly to prevent their teeth from decay. 牙医建议他们的病人定期 刷牙并用洁牙线剔牙,以防止蛀牙. depress vt.使沮丧,使消沉; 使不景气,削弱,按下, 压下 I was depressed because someone had stolen my wallet on the bus. ;我很沮丧,因为在公共汽 车上我的钱包 被人偷了. drag ;vt.拖,拉;迫使,硬拉 n.累赘,障碍; 一吸,一抽,一饮 drag vi.拖着脚步走, 在地上拖着行进; 慢吞吞地行进,拖延 The time dragged as we waited. ;我们等待着,时间慢慢地 捱过去了. Nobody yet knows how long and how seriously the shakiness in the financial systemwill drag down the economy. 目前还没有人清楚金融制 度的不稳定会在多长时间 以及多大程度上 使经济下滑. economy n.经济,经济制度, 经济情况;省俭,节约, 充分利用 The CEO made a blueprint based on the current economy for the company.

执行总裁为公司规划了 蓝图,这一蓝图是建立在 当前经济情况的基础上的 We should learn to practice economy in making out the household budget. 你应当在制定家庭预算是 学会精打细算. enhance n ;vt.提高,增加,加强 Passing the College English Test Band-6 should enhance your chances of getting a better post. 通过了大学六级考试 会增加你获得更多职位的 机会. To survive in the intense trade competition between countries, our company must enhance the qualities and varieties of our products to meet the world market demand. 为了在激烈的国际贸易竞 争中生存下来,我们公司必须提高产品质 量,增加产品品种 以满足国际市场的需求. exclude vt.把...排斥在外; 不包括 Some places of entertainment exclude people under 18. 一些娱乐场所禁止 18 岁以 下的人进入. The court excludes the improperly obtained evidence. ;法院不接受非正常渠道取 得的证据. fill vt.装满,充满,布满; 以?充注,填塞;满足 vi.被充满 n.充分,足够 Please fill in/out/up this form,giving your name,age,and address. 请在这份表格上填上你的 姓名、年龄和地址. Although the room was filled with laughter,I still felt very lonely 虽然房间里充满了笑声, 但是我还是觉得很孤单. No more tea,thank you.I've had my fill. ;谢谢你,不要再添茶了, 我已经喝足了. glow n.光亮,光辉;脸红;激情 vt.灼热,发光;(脸)红; (感情等)洋溢 The glow of the setting sun is splendid; it is a pity that dust is fast approaching. 夕阳无限好, 只是近黄昏. The maple leaves of the Xingshan Mountain glowed red in the sunlight. ;香山红叶在阳光中闪耀着 红光. historic a.历史上著名的,具有重 大历史意义的;历史的 历史上的

The Gettysburg Address,a historic address delivered by Abraham Lincoln, concisely expressed many of the ideals and principles of democracy. 亚伯拉罕.林肯发表的历 史上著名的《葛底斯堡演 说》 简明的阐述了民主的 理想和原则. July 13,2001 has become a historic day for China- Beijing succeeded in the 2008 Olympic bid. 2001 年 7 月 13 日成为中国 历史上具有重大意义的日 子;中国申办 2008 年奥运 会获得成功. incident n.发生的事,事件、事变 The Lugouqiao incident took place on July 7, 1937. ;芦沟桥事变发生在 1937 年 7 月 7 日. limitation n.限制,限度 [常 p 局限 I know my limitation, so I won't do the things beyond my ability. 我知道自己能力有限, 所以我不会做能力范围之 外的事. massive a.大的,大而重的, 大块的;大量的, 大规模的 The massive Allied invasion of Normandy is an action of enormous importance in the history of World War Two.对诺曼底的大规模入侵 在二战史上具有重大意 义. Doctors discourage massive doses of painkillers. ;医生不赞成大量服用止 痛片. modify vt.更改,修改,修饰; 缓和,减轻 Although it has been greatly modified,the game known in the US. as football can be traced directly to the English game of rugby.虽然做了很大的改变,但 所谓的美式足球 仍可以直接追溯到英国的 橄榄球比赛. opponent n.敌手,对手;反对者 Lenin spoke so convincingly that even his opponents were won over by his arguments. 列宁的演讲很有说服力, 甚至连他的对手也被他的 论述争取过来. penetrate v.透入,渗入,进入; 刺入,刺穿;洞察,了解 Don't bother to penetrate girls' minds as they are always changing.

别费心机去洞察女孩的心 思,因为她们总在变. precious a.珍贵的,贵重的 I believe that good health is the most precious thing for people. ;我认为健康对人来说是最 珍贵的财富. priority n.优先,优先权,重点; 优先考虑的事 To build Guangzhou into an international metropolis, the highest priority has been given to the problem of heavy traffic by the municipal government. 为了将广州建成国际化大 都市, 已经优先考虑交通拥挤的 问题 市政府 The top priority for school is to have a higher proportion of students entering advanced schools.; 学校的首要目标是让更多 的学生 进入更高级的学校念书. receipt n.发票,收据 [p 收入,进款; 受到,接到 You had better get a receipt for your expenses. 你最好对开销索取收据. The pop singer got huge cash receipt from his concert. ;那个流行歌星从演唱会中 获得了巨额的现金收入. reservation n.(住处,座位等的)预定 保留,犹豫;(美国印第 安部落的)居留地 We have our reservation about his ability to do the job. ;我们对于他做该项工作的 能力持保留态度. If you want to have dinner on Valentine's Day in a Western style restaurant, you'd better make reservation earlier.情人节这天,你如果想在 西式餐厅用晚餐 最好早些预定. reward n.报答,奖赏;报酬,酬金 vt.报答,酬谢,奖励 Although Olympic winners receive no prize money, they are,in fact, richly rewarded by their state authorities in the form of money fame and power. 尽管奥运会的获胜者们并 不获得奖金, 但事实上他们的政府会给 他们优厚的奖赏, 其形式包括钱、 名望和 权力. sequence n.连续,接续,一连串; 次序,顺序 A computer will always follow the same sequence when solving a problem no matter how complicated that problem may be.计算机在解决它时总是遵 循同样的次序 不管问题多么复杂

The first Olympic Games took place in 776 BC. ;第一次奥运会于公元前 776 年举行, The exact sequence of events was uncertain, but events included men's gymnastics, boxing,wrestling, horse racing and field events.;比赛的准确次序不详, 只知道包括男子体操、拳 击、摔跤、赛马 和田径项目. slip vi.画倒,滑落;溜走; 下降,跌落 vt.悄悄放进 n.疏漏,差错 Be careful not to slip on the ice. ;小心别在冰上滑倒. The years slipped by. ;岁月在不知不觉中消失. Tom slipped the candy into his mouth in class but that still couldn't avoid the teacher's eyes. 在课堂上,汤姆悄悄地把 糖块放进嘴里,但 那还是逃不过老师的 眼睛. suck v.吸,吮,吸取 Plants suck up moisture from the soil. ;植物从土壤中吸取水分. vivid['vivi ;a.生动的,鲜明的, 鲜艳的;逼真的 I gave my friends a vivid description of my journey with pictures. 我用照片生动地向朋友们 描绘了我的旅程.

Lesson_11
acute a.严重的,激烈的; 敏锐的;(疾病)急性的; 尖的,锐的 One of the most acute problems in the Yellow River Valley is an inadequate water supply.

黄河流域最紧要的问题 之一 是缺水. The acute renal failurs,or the sudden loss or cessation of kidney function is a common clinical syndrome that can often be life-threatening.

急性肾功能失灵,或者叫 做肾功能丧失, 是一种常见的临床综合病 症,可能危及生命.

appliance ;n.器具,器械,装置 Household electric appliances made in China are becoming more popular. 中国国产家用电器越来越 受欢迎.

companion n.同伴,伴侣,志趣相投 的人 George Bush's brother is not much of a companion for him. ;乔治.布什的兄弟与他情 趣不甚相投.

confine vt.限制,使局限; 使不外出,禁闭 n.[p 界限,范围 With cars,many people are now able to enjoy their leisure time by making a trip to the countryside or seaside on weekends instead of being confined to their immediate neighborhoods.

有了小车,许多人可以享 受闲暇时光 周末时可以到乡下或者海 边尽情享受 而不必局限于在家附近 活动. The cure of liver cancer is still outside the confines of human knowledge.

肝癌的治愈方法仍超出了 人类知识范畴.

consist vi.(~of)组成,构成; (~in)在于,存在于 The beauty of the artist's style consists of its simplicity. ;这位艺术家的风格上的美 在于它的简朴. The American Congress consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

美国国会有参议院和众议 院组成.

deceive vt./vi.欺骗,蒙蔽 If you smoke and you still don't believe that there's a definite link between smoking and lung cancer, then you are certainly deceiving yourself.

如果你抽烟,并且仍然不 相信 抽烟和肺癌之间有必然 联系, 那你肯定是在欺骗自己. Sincerity is the base of friendship.Good friends shouldn't deceive each other.

真诚是友谊的基础.好朋 友之间不应互相欺骗.

discard vt.丢弃,抛弃 Today,one out of five discarded plastic soda bottles is recycled in the United States. ;在今天的美国,5 个被丢 弃的塑料汽水瓶中有一个 得到回收利用. Outdated theory should be discarded. ;过时的理论应当抛弃.

drift vi.漂流,漂;漂泊,流荡 n.漂流物,漂流; 趋势,转移;大意,要旨 Most of the world's volcanoes are found at the boundaries of the great drifting plates that make up the earth's surface.;世界上绝大多数火山都位 于巨大漂流板块的交接 地带 构成地球表面的. The Arctic is an ocean covered with drifting packed ice and hemmed in by the land masses of Europe, Asia,and North America.;北极是一片海洋,为漂流 的冰块所覆盖, 四周被欧洲,亚洲和北美 洲所包围.

encourage vt.鼓励,激励,怂恿; 赞助,促进,助长 Nowadays the Chinese government has designed quite a lot of policies to encourage private investment.; 现在,中国政府已拟订了 许多政策 为鼓励私人投资 Some psychologists believe that those who are encouraged to be independent in childhood are more likely than others to become motivated to achieve.

有些心理学家认为, 那些在童年时期被鼓励 要独立的孩子与其他孩子比较起来可能 被激发做一番成就.

exclaim v.呼喊,呼叫;大声说 When the result came out that Beijing won its bid for the 2008 Olympic Games, all the Chinese people exclaimed with excitement. ;当北京申奥胜出的结果出 现时, 所有的中国人都激动地 欢呼起来.

finance n.财政,金融; [常 p 财源,资金, 财务状况 The government will finance the building of the new roads with the taxes it collects.

政府利用它所征得的税收 为修建新路提供资金.

finance vt.为?提供资金, 为??筹措资金 Finance for the National Health Service comes from taxpayers. ;国家卫生局的资金来自纳 税人的税款.

Are new taxes needed to increase the nation's finances? ;需要征新税以增加国家的 税人吗?

gross a.总的,毛的; 严重的,显著的; 粗俗的,粗野的;臃肿的 vt.获得总收入(或毛利) GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product. ;GDP 是国内生产总值的 缩写. Her manners and language are too gross for a lady. ;她的举止和语言对于女士 来说太粗俗了.

historical a.历史(上)的,史学的 The British constitu- tion is to a large extent a product of the historical events.

英国宪法在很大程度上是 历史事件的产物. The sequence of historical plays by Shakespeare is still the masterpiece in today's literature.

莎士比亚写的一系列历史 剧仍然是名著 在当今文坛

indispensable a.(-to,-for)必不可 少的,必需的 Air and water are indispensable to life. ;空气和水是生命所必需的 东西. It is well known that knowledge is the indispensable condition for expansion of the mind.

众所周知, 知识是发展智力的必备 条件.

instinct n.本能,直觉;生性,天性 Struggling for survival is a human instinct. ;求生是人类的本能.

interest n.兴趣,关注,爱好; 利息,利率;[常 p 利益,好处,利害关系 vt.使感兴趣,引起?关注 The interests of the individual must be subordinated to the interests of the collective.

个人利益 必须服从集体利益.

monitor n.(学校的)班长;监视器 监听器,(计算机)显示器 vt.监听,监视;监制 Stock-market analysts monitor a great variety of financial indicators.

股票市场分析家们监视各 种各样的金融指数.

obey v.服从,听从 The school regulations should be obeyed at all costs. ;无论如何也要遵守学校的 规章制度.

particular a.特定的,特别的,特殊的 挑剔的,讲究,详尽的 n.[p 详情,细目 I'm not particular about my clothes.I don't mind what I wear. ;我不怎么讲究我的衣着, 不在乎穿什么.

perform v.做,履行,完成; 演出,表演 After they have been elected, many senators can not actually perform what they promised in the election.; 在当选之后 许多参议员实际上不能 履行他们在竞选时许下 诺言. Don't perform before me!I want to know the truth. ;别在我面前演戏了.我要 知道事情的真相.

preliminary a.预备的,初步的 n.[常 p 初步做法, 起始行为 For a possible major overhaul, the tutor expects a preliminary draft of each paper two weeks before the final due date.

因为可能要做大规模的 检查, 导师要求交一份论文初 步草稿 在距最后期限前两星期前 They were very excited because they had passed the preliminary interview with IBM.

他们很兴奋,因为他们通 过了 IBM 公司的第一轮 面试.

protest n.抗议,反对 v.抗议,反对 Loud protests were heard when the decision was announced ;这决定一宣布,抗议之声 不绝于耳. Guests can protest about the bad service of the restaurant to the owner. ;顾客可以向老板投诉饭店 内 的低劣服务.

readily ad.乐意的,欣然地; 容易地;很快地,立即 A successful businessman should able to readily accommodate to the changing economic conditions.;一 个成功的商人应该能很 快地适应 变化的经济情况.

relevant a.有关的,切题的 It's said that a person's fate is relevant to his character. ;据说人的命运与性格 有关. About 3 million people die because of the relevant diseases derived from smoking every year.

每年有 300 万人死于 抽烟有关的疾病.

resistance n.反抗,抵制;抵抗力, 抵抗性;阻力,电阻 Researchers discovered that plants infected with a virus give off a gas that activates disease resistance in neighboring plants.

研究人员发现,感染病毒 的植物能够发出一种气体 这种气体能在临近植物中 激发疾病抗体. The environmentalists put up lots of resistance to fur- clothing companies.

环保认识多次对皮衣公司 提出了抗议.

rough ad.简陋地;粗暴地 vt.(~out)草拟 (~up)用暴力对待,殴打 rough a.粗糙的,粗暴的;喧闹 的;未加工的;汹涌的 The English gentlemen always keep themselves away from the rough quarter of the town.

英国的绅士们总是不肯接 近城市粗人居住的地区. Many people consider boxing a rough sport. ;许多人认为拳击是一项粗 野的运动.

satisfy vt.满足,使...满意; 符合,达到(要求, 标准等) A recent survey suggests that only 24.5% of the Japanese students are fully satisfied with school life,; while in the U.S.there are 67.2%.

在最近的一次调查中人们 发现, 只有 24.5%的日本学生完 全满意校园生活 而在美国却达 67.2%.

smash vt.粉碎,打烂;猛击; 使破灭,使失败 smash vi.粉碎;猛撞,猛冲 n.破碎(声);猛击; 轰动的演出 If you smash an egg on a stone,the egg will definitely smash. ;用鸡蛋去撞石头,鸡蛋肯 定会撞个粉碎.

strengthen vt.加强,巩固, 勉励,激励 The cooperation among countries should be strengthened to protect the environment.

国家与国家之间必须加强 合作 以保护环境.

subsequent a.随后的,后来的 Most countries in Europe were in a mess during the period subsequent to World War Two.

大部分欧洲国家陷入了 窘境 二战后的一段时期中,

Lesson_12
address n.地址,住址;演讲, 讲话; address vt.(在信封或包裹上) 写姓名地址;向?作 (正式)讲话;称呼 Leaving email addresses to each other is a fashionable way of keeping in contact among young people nowadays.;互留电子邮箱地址 是现在年轻人时髦的 保持联络的方式. How should I address you? ;我应当怎样称呼您呢? assign vt.指派,选派;指定 (时间,地点等);分配; 布置(作业) The two governments assigned a day for the next summit meeting between President Putin and President Bush.;两国政府确定了 下一次普京与布什会晤 的日期. The competent secretary was assigned to take the minutes for the meeting of the board of directors.; 这个能干的秘书被选派为 董事会议做记录. attribute vt.把...归因于;把(过 错,责任,成功等)归于 n.属性,特性 Many people's sucess can be attributed to hard work and a bit of luck. ;很多人的成功都可以归于 勤奋 加上一点儿运气. Stubbornness is considered the attribute of mules. ;顽固被认为是骡的特性. compel vt.强迫,迫使 Because he is unable to distinguish colors, the color-blind boy is compelled to give up the ideal of becoming a fashion designer.;因为无法分辨色彩, 那个色盲的男孩不得不 放弃成为服装设计师的 理想. complaint n.抱怨,诉苦;投诉, 控告;疾病 He who makes constant complaints gets little compassion. ;[经常诉苦,少人同情. Regarding your difficulty,we have submitted an email to our complaint center. 关于你们所面临的困难, 我们已经给我们的投诉中 心发了电子邮件.

confirm vt.证实,肯定;进一步 确定;确认;批准 The successfully cloned sheep Dolly confirmed the feasibility of clone technology. 绵羊多利的克隆成功证实 了克隆技术的可行性. 克隆技术 consideration n.考虑,考虑的事; 体贴,关心 Age should not be the chief consideration in choosing a football referee. 在选择足球裁判时不应该 把年龄作为首要的考虑 因素. Although architecture has artistic qualities, it must also satisfy a number of important practical considerations. ;尽管建筑具有艺术特性, 它也必须考虑许多实用 因素. constitute vt.组成,构成,形成; 设立,建立,任命 The employees is the Japanese company asked their boss if refusal to work on rest days constitutes a violation of contract.;这家日本公司的员工问他 们的老板, 拒绝加班是否构成违反 合约. Women,who constitute 52 per cent of Italy's population, today represent only 35 percent of Italy's total workforce.;妇女占意大利人口的 52% 却只占劳动队伍的 35%. convey vt.表达,传达,传递; 运送,输送 Air is the medium by which sound waves are conveyed. ;空气是声波传导的媒介. What information the codes in the great Pyramid convey is still unknown. 大金字塔中的密码到底传 递了什么信息仍然不为 人知. crush vt.压碎,蔫碎;弄皱; 压垮 Wine is made by crushing grapes. ;葡萄酒是压榨葡萄制成 的. Time would crush all pains. ;时间会粉碎所有的痛苦. decent a.象样的,体面的;宽厚 的,大方的;正派的,合 乎礼仪的,得体的 Ragged jeans are not very decent to wear to a ball. ;穿着破旧的牛仔裤在舞会 上显得不太得体.

Most university graduates consider white-collared positi- on as decent jobs. ;绝大多数大学毕业生 都 认为白领职位是体面 的工作. deliberate a.故意的,含蓄的; 慎重的,深思熟虑的 v.仔细考虑,思考 I won't forgive you because of your deliberate lies. ;我不会原谅你,因为你存 心说谎. Xie Jun checkmated the rival after the final deliberate consideration. ; 经过最后的深思熟虑, 谢军将死于对手. The Supreme Court of the U.S.A. deliberate whether the ballots of Florida should be re-counted. 美国最高法院研究 是否重新统计佛罗里达 州的选票. dominate vt.在...中占首要地位; 支配,统治,控制;耸立 于,俯视 dominate vi.处于支配地位,拥有 优势 Although racial discrimination is not allowed, ;虽然种族歧视是不允许 的, Europe and America are still a white-dominated society. ;但欧洲和美国仍是白 人统治的社会. duty n.责任,义务;职责, 职务;税,关税 I'll have to go,I'm afraid--duty calls. ;看来我得走了-公务在身. elegant a.优美的,文雅的,讲 究的;简练的,简洁的 Princess Diana's elegant manners are always within people's memory. 戴安娜王妃优雅的举止总 是留在人们的记忆中. enlarge v.扩大,扩展,扩充; 放大 Many newly-weds like to enlarge their wedding photo and hang it on the wall. 很多新婚夫妇喜欢把结婚 照放大了挂在墙上. In the course of English learning, doing more reading can help to enlarge one's vocabulary. 在英语学习中, 多阅读有助于扩大词汇 量. exceed vt.超过,越出 vi.(数量,程度)超过 其他

Exceeding the speed limit in the urban area would be fined. ;在市区内超速驾车会被 罚款. The performance of the Chinese Youth Football Team exceeded our expectations. 中国青年足球队的表现比 我们预料的好. explit vt.开拓,开发,开采;剥削 n.[常 p 功绩,功勋, 业绩,英勇的行为 The Japanese employment system probably exploits women more extensively than is the case in any other industrialized country.;日本的就业制度使妇女在 更广泛的范围内受到剥削 与其他工业化国家相比. The social freshmen should exploit every opportunity to enrich their experiences. 刚踏入社会的人必须利用 每一个机会积累经验. fire n.火;火灾,失火;射击, 火力;热情,激情 The success in the Olympic bid has fired the Chinese people with great enthusiasm. 申奥成功激起了中国人巨 大的热情. fire vt.放(枪,炮等)射出(子 弹等);解雇,开除;激动 vi.开火,开枪 During the oral defen- se of your thesis,tut- ors and experts will fire questions at you. 在论文答辩过程中,导师 和专家们会向你一连串的 发问. The soldier showed perfect discipline under fire. ;在炮火下,士兵们纪律 严明. fraction n.小部分,片断;分数 Many young people today begin to use their future money instead of a fraction of their earnings. ; 今天有许多年轻人开始花 起他们的未来钱 而不是只花自己 收入的一小部分. harness n.[常 sin 马具,挽具 vt.治理,利用;给(马等) 上挽具 The farmer harnessed the horse to the cart. ;农夫把马套在马车上. Some scientists are working hard at how tide can be harnessed to produce electricity 科学家正在努力研究怎样 利用潮汐发电. initial a.开始的,最初的 n.[常 p(姓名等的) 首字母

We have to admit that man's research into space is still in the initial stage. ;我们不得不承认人类对 宇 宙的研究仍然处于初始 阶段. If your family name is Chen, you had better not choose an English name beginning with the letter W; (for example,Winnie), otherwise your initials will be:W.C! 如果你姓陈, 你最好不要选一个以字母 W 开头的英文名 (例如 Winnie),否则的 姓名首字母就是(厕所) 了! locate vt.探明,找出;把??设 置在,使坐落于 Li Siguang located the oil field,which proves that China is not a lean-oil country. 李四光探明了油田的位置 证明了中国不是贫油国. Most natural ports are located where the shoreline is irregular and the water is deep. 绝大部分的天然港口都位 于海岸线不规则而又水深 的地方. objective n.目标,目的 a.客观的,不带偏见的 Now,my sole objective of memorizing English words well is to get good marks in the College English Test Band 4. ;现在我牢记英语单词的唯 一目的 就是在大学英语的四级 考试中取得好成绩.

If we could have objective judgement on people, there would be less misunderstandings among people. ; 如果我们能对人做客观的 评价, 彼此之间就会少些误会. pattern n.型,模式,样式; 花样,图案 vt.仿制,使照?的样式 It seems that the pattern of white and black squares is always the fashion. 黑白格子的花纹图案好像 永远都不会过时. Paper patterns for dresses are now available for you to pattern dresses on different models. 裁衣服的纸型已有出售, 你可以按照不同的样式裁 制衣服. performer n.表演者,执行者,演奏者 Most of the great violin performers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were born and brought up in Russian and Eastern Europe,and they were all Jews.

19 世纪晚期和 20 世纪初 的绝大部分伟大的小提琴 演奏家 都生于长于俄国和东欧, 而且全是犹太人. preserve vt.维持;保存, 保藏;腌制 It's not that easy to preserve places of historic interest. ;保护古迹并不那么容易,? It takes money and technique. ;需要资金和技术. You can preserve meat or fish in salt,but I prefer fresh meat to preserved meat. 你可以用盐保存肉或鱼, 但我喜欢新鲜肉胜过腌制 的肉. profession n.职业,自由职业; (the-)同业,同行 Teaching is a respectable profession. ;教师是令人尊敬的职业. It is rather difficult to win acclaim from the professions. ;要赢得同行的好评是相当 困难的. push vt.推,按;推动,推进; 催逼,逼迫 vi.推,推进 n.推,推力;促进,推进 resign vi.辞职 vt.辞去,放弃; (-to)使顺从; n.辞去(职务) One has to push the child or he/she will do no work at all. ;孩子要有人督促,否则 他什么也不干. I resigned because of the low salary. ;因为工资太低,我辞 职了. Would you please resign yourself to waiting a bit longer? ;你能耐心多等一会儿吗? My boss is coming back soon. ;我的老板很快就会回来.

Lesson_13
admit vt.承认,供认; 准许...进入(加入) "A child is a good one as long as he admits and corrects his mistakes." ;

“勇于承认并改正错误的 就是好孩子” This ticket admits one person only. ;此票只准一人入场.

assistance n.帮助,援助 Can I be of any assistance to you? ;我能帮你什么忙吗? To paddle one's own canoe doesn't necessarily mean denying any external assistance.

独立自主 并不一定意味着要拒绝一 切外来援助.

behavior n.行为,举止,表现; (机器等的)运转情况, (事物)作出反应 Human behavior is mostly a product of learning, whereas the behavior of an animal depends mainly on instinct.;人类的行为通常是后天学 习的产物, 而动物的行为则主要取决 于本能.

competitive a.竞争的,比赛的;好竞 争的,求胜心切的;(价 格等)有竞争力的 Our offer is competitive and we cannot lower the price any more.

我方的报价是有竞争力 的,我方不能在降价了.

comprehension n.理解(力),理解力 测验 A large vocabulary will help a lot when doing the reading comprehension.

在做阅读理解的时候丰富 的单词量很有用. Doing some background reading in encyclopedias is one way to improve your reading comprehension in English. ;阅读百科全书中一些背景 资料 是提高英语阅读理解 能力的一个方法.

conservation n.保存,(对大自然资源 的)保护,避免浪费 There is a need for conservation of trees or there will soon be no forests.

有必要保护树木,否则不 久将会没有森林了. Conservation of water is of great important in the cities such as Beijing and Tianjin.

像北京和天津这样的城市 实行控制用水非常重要.

courage n.勇气,胆量 Only those who understand that life means contribution will be able to meet their difficulties with courage. ;只有懂得生活意味着奉献 的人 才有勇气面对困难. Do you have the courage to go bungee jumping? ;你有胆量玩蹦极跳吗?

current n.(空气,水等)流,潮流; 电流;趋势,倾向 current a.现时的,当前的; 流行的,流传的 A scientist should always be able to stay current in his field of studies.

科学家应能始终跟上他研 究领域的新发展. Newspapers influence the current of thought. ;报纸影响思想潮流.

descend vi.下来,下降 (~from)起源(于), 是...的后裔(~on)袭击 The sun descended behind the hills. ;太阳下了山.

descend vt.走下,爬下 Buddhism descended from ancient India. ;佛教起源于古印度.

digest vt.消化;吸收,领悟 n.文摘 Spoon-feeding the students doesn't help them digest what they have been taught.

用填鸭式的教育方式教学 生无助于学生消化. The Reader's Digest is a popular magazine in the United States.

《读者文摘》是美国的一 本颇流行的杂志.

drive vt.驾驶,开动,有车送 把(钉,桩等)打入; 驱,赶;迫使,驱使 Drive carefully,the roads are wet and slippery. ;路上又湿又滑,开车要 当心. drive vi.驾驶,驾车 n.驾驶;车行道,路; 干劲,积极性 A man driven by jealousy is capable of anything. ;嫉妒心可使人什么都做得 出来.

entertainment n.娱乐;文娱节目,表 演会;招待,款待,请客 Some people say that Steven Chow's movies cannot be regarded as mere entertainment, but that they tell the audience much more.

有人说周星驰的电影不能 简单地看成是供娱乐消遣 的, 而实际上它给观众展 示更深刻的内容. "Thank you very much for your entertainment!" "And thank you for coming!"

“谢谢你的款待!” “谢谢光临!”

examination n.考试,考察;试题; 检查,调查 I failed to watch the World Cup final because it clashed with my examination.

我没能看成世界杯(足 球)总决赛,因为和我的 考试日期冲突了. You must make a critical examination of your bad behavior. ;你必须认真检讨你的不良 行为.

flexible a.易弯曲的,柔韧的; 灵活的,可变通的 As we don't know what the weather will be like,we make flexible plans for our holiday.

因为不知道天气状况如 何,我们为假期做了灵活 的计划. In the past,making structures quake- resistant meant firm yet flexible materials such as steel and wood,that bend without breaking.

在过去,建造防震建筑物 意味着用坚固而有弹性的 材料, 如钢材和木材,它 们在弯曲时不会折断.

inspire vt.鼓舞,激起; 给??以灵感 The remarkable life on the Galopagos Islands inspired Charles Darwin to establish his theory of evolution.; 加罗帕格斯岛上不同的生 命现象 激发了查尔斯.达尔文的 灵感,使他创立了物种 起源的理论.

prescribe vt.开(药方), 吩咐采用(某种疗法) A holiday is the best cure prescribed for the depression. ;度假是开给抑郁症病人的 最好药方. Doctors usually prescribe radiotherapy for cancer patients. ;医生通常对癌症病人采用 放射治疗.

presumably ad.大概,可能,据推测 The personnel manager should have arrived. ;人事经理早该到了, Presumably the bad weather delayed the flight. ;大概恶劣的天气使飞机 误点了. Napoleon is presumably the greatest militarist of modern times. ;拿破仑也许是现代最伟大 的军事家. primitive a.原始的,早期的; 简单的,粗糙的 n.原(始)人,原始事物 The Eskimos live in the Arctic coastal regions of North America and parts of Greenland and northeast Siberia and are considered a primitive tribe.

爱斯基摩人居住在北美地 区的北冰洋海岸 与格陵兰岛地区以及西伯 利亚的东北地区,他们被 看作是一个原始的 部族. Small seashells were once used as a primitive kind of money. ;小贝壳曾经被当作简单的 纸币使用. prompt vt.促使,推动;提示 a.敏捷的,及时的,迅速的 n.题词,提示 The poor boy confessed that it was hunger that prompted him to steal the bread. ;可怜的男孩承认他偷 面包 是因为他太饿了. Being prompt to obey commands is soldiers' bounden duty. ;立即服从命令是军人的 天职.

receive vt.收到,接到;受到, 遭受;接待,接见,欢迎 Teenage writer Han Han's novels received great acclaim. ;少年作家韩寒的小说备受 好评. Many primary schools today have courses for their pupils ;如今很多小学有课程让小 学生 to receive instructions in the basic use of computers. ;学到电脑使用的基本 知识.

reputation n.名气,名声,声誉 Some people take good reputation more important than life. ;有的人把好名声看得比生 命还重要.

resort vi.(~to)求助,诉诸 My grandpa may be a man of reputation,but he is definitely a man of honor. ;我的祖父也许是个默默无 闻 的人,但他绝对是个正 直的人.

resort n.求助(或凭借)的对象 采用的手段(或方法); 常去之地,胜地 Merely resorting to force couldn't resolve the conflicts in the Middle East. ;单靠诉诸武力解决不了中 东的争端. Chengde is a famous summer resort. ;承德是著名的避暑胜地, The Emperors in Qing Dynasty especially liked to go there. ;清朝的皇帝就特别喜欢去 那儿.

revenue n.(尤指大宗的)收入, 收益;(政府的)税收, 岁入 State universities in the U.S. get most of their revenue from taxes. ;在美国的州立大学大部分 收入靠 税款. In tax revenue alone, the government of Britain collects enough from smokers ;仅财政税一项,英国政府 从 烟民那里收到的钱 to pay for its entire educational facilities. ;就足以支付全部教育设施 开支.

routine n.例行公事,惯例, 惯常的程序; 例行的,常规的 Each of us is continually making these blueprints ;我们每个人都在日常生活 in the general routine of everyday living. ;的平凡的历程中不断制作 这样的蓝图. Mother found it difficult to eatablish a new routine after retirement. ;母亲退休后觉得很难建立 起来 新的生活秩序.

ruin vt.(使)毁灭,(使)毁坏; (使)破产毁灭,使毁坏 In Britain,a collision with the Parliament could ruin the government's plans. ;在英国,政府与议会的冲 突可能使政府的计划破产

ruin p 废墟,遗迹 The famous Brazil soccer star ruined his future when he became a drug addict. ;那位著名的巴西球星变 成 了瘾君子,毁掉了自己的 前程.

solemn a.严肃的,庄严的, 隆重的 The hoist of our national flag every day in the Tian'anmen Square ;每天在天安门广场升国旗 is a solemn ceremony. ;是个庄严的仪式.

sorrow n.悲哀,悲痛;伤心的事, 不幸的事 You can't conceal your sorrow,because your eyes tell us everything. ;你隐藏不了悲伤,因为你 的眼睛已 告诉了我一切. When Chairman Mao died,the whole nation plunged into deep sorrow. ;当毛主席逝世时,全国人 民陷入了深 深的悲痛之中

steer vt. 驾驶,为 操舵;引导 vi.驾驶 The close-door policy couldn't steer a country to prosperity. ;闭关自守的政策不能引导 国家走向繁荣. How does your car steer?Does it corner well? ;你的车开起来怎么样? 转弯灵活吗?

supplement n.增补物,补充物; 增刊,副刊 vt.增补,补充 Some teachers supplement their ordinary income by writing books. ;有些老师著书以增加日常 收入. The 21st Century is the supplement of China Daily. ;《21 世纪英文报》是 《中国日报》的副刊.

thoughtful a.沉思的,思考的; 体贴的,关心的 Why do you always have thoughtful looks? ;你为什么总是带着沉思的 表情? You are lucky to have such a thoughtful wife. ;有个这么体贴的妻子,你 真幸运. It's very thoughtful of you. ;你真够细心体贴的.

Lesson_14

attach vt.系,贴,连接;使依恋, 使喜爱;认为有(重要性, 责任等);使附属 Attached please find our offering prices. ;随函附上我方的报价. I am very attached to Leonardo Da Vinci's The Last Supper. ;我很喜欢达芬奇的《最后 的晚餐》.

compete vi.竞争,比赛 The two TV broadcasting companies (TVB and ATV) in Hong Kong ;香港的两家电视广播公司 (无线电视和亚洲 电视) have always been competing with each other for higher audience rating. ;长期以来为争取更高的收 视率 而互相竞争.

confront vt.迎面遇到,遭遇; 勇敢地面对,正视; 使对峙,使当面对证 It is said that the reason for Ruan Lingyu's suicide ;据说,阮玲玉之所以自杀 was that she couldn't confront the rumors fabricated by people. ;是因为她面对不了人们捏 造出来的谣言. When confronted with evidence of his guilt, McVeigh confessed. ;面对罪证迈克维供认不讳.

consent n.准许,同意,赞同 vi.(~to)准许,同意, 赞成 What will do you if your parent don't consent to your marriage? ;如果你父母不同意你的 婚事,你会怎么 办?

consultant n.会诊医生,顾问医生; 顾问 Some university graduates resort to a vocation consultant for a appropriate job. ;为找到一份合适的工 作, 有些大学毕业生求教于就 业顾问(指导).

crude a.粗鲁的,粗俗的; 天然的,未加工的; 简陋的,粗糙的 The Da Qing oil field is full of crude oil. ;大庆油田盛产原油.

disguise vt.假扮,化装;伪装;掩 盖,掩饰 n.用来伪装的东 西(或行为)伪装,掩饰 Mulan disguised herself as a man and became a soldier. ;木兰男扮女装从军.

eliminate vt.排除,清除,根除; 淘汰 You really believe that getting drunk can eliminate pain? ;你真的认为醉酒能消除 痛苦吗?

We all hoped that China could eliminate the rivals to host the 2008 Olympic Games. ;我们都希望中国能 淘汰其 他对手,主办 2008 年的 奥运会.

estimate n.估计,估量;评价,看法 vt.估计,估量 We can measure the value of material goods in terms of money, ;我们可以用金钱来度量物 质产品的价值, but the true value of the services is difficult to estimate. ;但是服务的真正价值是 很难估计的.

extraordinary a.不寻常的,特别的, 非凡的 With extraoridinary wisdom,Deng Xiaoping ;邓小平以非凡的智慧, advanced the theory of constructing the socialism with Chinese characteristics. ;提出了建设中国特色 社会 主义理论.

fortune n.(大量)财产,大笔的钱; 运气,时运,命运 In the States,the decline in efficiency commonly spoiled the fortune of family firm ;在美国,家族公司 的财富 通常因为效率下滑而受损 in the second and third generations after the energetic founders. ;当其经过富有活力的创业 人传到第二 代和第三代人 手中时. Einstein once said modestly that it was just his good fortune ;爱因斯坦曾经说,只不过 是因为他的运气 好, to have his theory accepted by the world. ;他的理论才为世人所接受

intensity n.强烈,剧烈;强度 Noise intensity around the airport is much higher than elsewhere. ;飞机场附近的噪音强度要 比其他地方

大得多. Exposure to loud noises can definitely produce a partial ;暴露在强噪音下回造成听 力全部 or complete loss of hearing ;或部分丧失, depending on the intensity and duration of the noise. ;因强度和持续时间而程 度不同.

pessimistic a.悲观主义的 The earth won't stop because of your pessimistic thoughts. So,cheer up! ;地球不会因为你的悲观想 法而 停止转动.所以,打 起精神来! Egoists are inclined to take a pessimistic view of life. ;利己主义者往往对生活持 悲观态度.

prevent vt.预防,防止 I sometimes set two alarm clocks to prevent myself from getting up late. ;我有时要两个闹钟以防自 己 晚起.

privilege n.特权,优惠 One of the obstaches to social harmony is privilege. ;导致社会不协调的障碍之 一是特权.

provoke vt.对??挑衅,激怒 All the Chinese people were provoked and burst into rage ;全体中国人都被激怒了, when the news came that the Chinese embassy in Yugoslavia was bombed by NATO. ;当中国驻南斯拉夫大使 馆 被北约轰炸的消息传来时

renew v.重新开始,继续; (使)更新,恢复;延长 (?的)有效期

Remember to renew the books if you can't finish them on time. ;如果你不能按时读完这 些书,记得要去图 书馆 续借.

resolve vt.解决,解答;决定, 决意;(~into)分解; vi.决定,决意;n.决心 Many students resolve resolve to study abroad after graduation. ;许多大学生都决定毕业后 出国留学.

restore vt.恢复,使回复;修复, 整修;归还,交还 It's hard to restore a broken mirror. ;破镜难圆. I feel quite restored after my holiday. ;休假后我感到恢复了健 康.

rival n.竞争对手,敌手; a.竞争的,对抗的 vt.与??竞争;比得上 The poet Homer believed that no mortal could rival Zeus. ;诗人荷马认为没有凡人能 与宙斯匹敌.

rude a.粗鲁的,不礼貌的; 粗糙的,粗陋的 Many people look upon American young men as brash,immodest,rude, ;许多人认为美国的年轻人 傲慢,不谦逊, 粗鲁, and possess no proper respect for parents or elder siblings. ;对父母和年长的兄弟姐 妹没有适当的尊敬.

settle vi.安家,安居;(鸟等) 飞落,停留;安定 settle vt.解决,调停;安排, 安放;支付,结算; 使安定 Please settle your accounts immediately, or we would have to take some legal action ;请立即结清你所 欠的帐, 否则我们得采取法律行为.

Some people like to travel around the world ;有些人喜欢在年轻的时候 环游世界, rather than settling down when they are young. ;而不喜欢过安定的生活.

sophisticated a.老于世故的,老练的; 精密的,复杂的; 高雅的,有教养的 Most politician are very sophisticated. ;大部分的政客都非常 老练. The inner system of a spaceship is rather sophisticated. ;宇宙飞船的内部系统相当 精密复杂.

speculated vi.(~about,~on)推测, 推断;投机,做投机买卖 vt.推测,推断 This detective story is boring, ;这个侦探故事很没意思, because you can speculate the ending in the beginning. ;因为刚开始看你能推断出 它的结局.

stretch vi.伸展,延续 vt.拉长,伸展;使倾注 全力,使紧张 I stretched to relax after working for a whole day. ;工作了一整天,我伸了个 懒腰放松一下.

stretch n.一段时间,一段路程, 连绵的一片;伸展, 延伸,延续 Having been washed,the sweater was stretched out of shape. ;洗过以后,这件毛衣被拉 长变了形. Can you work (for) eight hours at a stretch? ;你能连续工作八小时吗?

surplus ;n.剩余,过剩,盈余 a.过剩的,多余的 Brazil has a big surplus of coffee. ;巴西有很多剩余的咖啡. Karl Marx initiated the theory of surplus value in 1840. ;1840 年,卡尔.马克思 首先提出了他的剩余价值 的理论.

sweep v.扫,打扫,拂(去)掠过, (风)吹,(浪等)冲; 快速移动; After China's entry to WTO,foreign-made cars and consumer electronics ;在中国入世之后,外国产 汽车和 电子消费品

sweep v.(在...)迅速传播(或蔓 延)打扫,(手臂等)挥动 are likely to sweep into the domestic market. ;可能会扫荡国内市场. Many bridges were swept away by the flood. ;洪水冲断了很多桥梁.

sympathy n.同情,同情心; (思想感情上的)支持, 赞同 We should have sympathy for people in difficulty. ;我们对处于困境中的人们 要有同情心.

sympathetic a.同情的,体谅的(~to) 赞同地,支持的; 和谐的合意的 I feel sympathetic to my friend who is suffering. ;我对遭到不幸的朋友十 分同情. We work best in a sympathetic atmosphere. ;我们在一种和谐的气氛中 工作效率最佳.

tackle vt.对付,处理;与交涉; (足球比赛中)阻截, 擒抱 The police spent a long time tacking the hacker who ruined the network. ;警方花了很长时间对付那 个毁 坏了电脑网络的黑客

tackle n.阻截;用具,钓具; 轱辘,滑车(组) People with strong social ties ;拥有密切社会关系的人们

appear better able to tackle major life changes and daily hassles. ;似乎能够更好地应付生活 的重大变 化和日常困难.

Lesson_15

absurd a.荒谬的,荒唐的 The idea that number "13" brings bad luck seems to quite absurd. ;认为“13”是不吉利的 数字这一观念 似乎挺荒唐 可笑的.

ambitious a.有抱负的,雄心勃勃的, 有野心的 Almost all politicians are quite ambious in accomplishing their own political goals. ;几乎所有的政客 都雄心勃 勃地想要实现自己的政治 目标.

avail v.使??产生效用, 使??有价值 avail n.(一般用于否定或疑 问句中)效用,利益, 帮助 It hurt her a great deal ;她伤心欲绝, that all she had done for him in the past few years was of no avail. ;瞅着多年来为他奉献的一 切都付 诸东流, We cannot help asking that superpower this question: ;我们不禁要问那个超级 大国; "Will force or terror alone avail the world peace?" ;“仅用武力或恐吓对世 界和平有好处吗?”

collide vi.碰撞,互撞; 冲突,抵触 The Titanic collided with the floating iceberg. ;泰坦尼克号撞到了海上 漂浮的冰山.

When interests of the two countries collide, negotiation is the best solution. ;当两国的利益发生冲突 时,谈判是最好的解决 方法.

conceive vt.(构)想出,认为;怀孕 vi.(~of)构想出, 设想;怀孕 The idea of the atom bomb was first concei- ved by scientists in the 1930s. ;科学家们是在 20 世纪 30 年 代最初构想制造原子弹 的. Traditionally in China it is a shame for a girl to conceive a ba- by before she marries. ;中国的传统 观念是,女孩 未婚先孕是可耻的.

constituent n.选民,选区居民; 成分,组成 a.组成的,构成的 Please explain to me the constituents of an atom. ;请向我解释一下原子的 组成问题. Hydrogen and oxygen are the constituent parts of water. ;氢和氧是构成水的元素.

dedicate vt.题献词于(著作)上 (~to)把(一生等)献给, 把(时间,精力等)用于 Dedicated to My Beloved. ;谨以此书献给我的至爱. The Monument to the people's Heroes ;人民英雄纪念碑 is dedicated to the memory of the soliders who died for their country. ;是为那些为保卫祖国献身 的烈 士们而建的.

diffuse v.扩散,(使)弥漫; 传播,散布 a.(文章等)冗长的,漫无 边际的,四散的,弥漫 The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky. ;夕阳西沉,霞光满天. I got lost in your rather diffuse essay. ;你的文章行文冗赘,弄得 我有点糊涂了.

divert vt.使转向,使改道; 转移,转移...的注意力 使娱乐,消遣 The branch of the Yellow River has been diverted from its cou- rse to a new channel. ;黄河的这段支流 被改道转 入新的流向. The children are diverted by the clown. ;小丑把孩子们逗乐了.

enrich vt.充实,使丰富; 使富裕,使富有 Many wealthy men try to enrich their cultural life ;很多福起来的人士想丰富 自己的文化生活 by going to all kinds of concerts and museums. ;籍参加各种音乐会以及 参观各种博物馆来 Many foreign words and phrases have enriched the English language. ;大量的外来词和短语极大 地丰富了 英语.

extinct a.灭绝的,灭种的;(火山 等)不再活跃的,(火等) 熄灭了的(风俗)已废弃的 Dinosaurs have been extinct for millions of years. ;恐龙已经灭绝几百万 年了. Evidence collected by the spacecraft on Mars shows some present volcanic action, ;太空船搜集到的证据 显示 火星上仍然有火山运动存 在, though the volcanos are believed to be dormant if not extinct. ;然然人们普遍认为火星上 的火山如果说 不是死活山 至少也处于休眠状态.

flush n.脸红;红光 vi.被冲洗;(脸)发红 vt.冲洗,(脸)涨红;赶出 flush a.(-with)齐平的, 等高的;(尤指钱)充裕 的,富裕的 Her complexion has a flush,just like that of the dawn. ;她红扑扑的脸蛋宛如黎明 的红霞. The politician didn't flush with shame at all ;那位政客一点都不感到 脸红

when he swore that he would devote himself to serving the people ;那位政客信誓旦旦的说 什么要鞠躬尽 瘁地为人民 服务, immediately after receiving bribery payments. ;就在此前他刚刚收受贿赂 The rising sun flushed the green mountain tops. ;旭日映红了苍翠的山顶.

heighten v.(使)提高,加强 We highten our expectations as time goes by. ;随着时间的推移,我们的 期望提高了.

illusion n.幻想,错误的观念; 错觉,幻觉,假象 The girl is always under the illusion that ;这姑娘成天幻想着有朝一 日 a prince charming will sweep her away on a white horse. ;她心目中的白马王子会 将她带走. A mirage is an optical illusion caused by hot air conditions. ;海市蜃楼是由空气引起的 光学幻想.

induce vt.引诱,劝; 引起,导致 Adam and Eve were induced to eat the Forbidden Fruit by Satan. ;亚当和夏娃受了魔鬼的 诱惑偷吃了禁果. The author has induced a particular frame of mind in the readers by his choice of words. ;作者用词讲 究,在读者的 心中唤起了一种特殊的 意境.

intelligible a.可理解的,明白易懂的, 清楚的 The manager was so drunk that his speech was barely intelligible. ;经理喝得醉醺醺的,连话 都说不清楚.

invariably ad.不变地,始终如一地 总是 The security guards are invariably ex-servicemen. ;这些保安都是清一色的 退伍军人.

magnify vt.放大,扩大; 夸大,夸张 Cells must be magnifi- ed by a microscope several times before they can be seen. ;细胞要经过显微镜放 大好 几倍才看得见. Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been unfairly criticized ;多数电视台认为电视受到 了不公正的批 评, and they argue that the power of the medium has been magnified. ;他们坚持说这种传媒的能 量被大大的夸 大了.

morality n.道德,(行为等的) 道德性;德行,品行,道 德观,道德规范 Nowdays many businessmen despise commercial morality ;当今社会,很多商人罔顾 商业道德 to make as much profit as they can. ;竭尽所能攫取利润. The morality of abortion has been discussed for a long time in the US. ;堕胎的道德性问题在美国 长期 争论不休.

orient vt.使适应,使熟悉情况 或环境;(~to/towards) 使朝向,以...为方向 It took quite a long time for a freshman to orient himself. ;大学新生要经过好长一段 时间才能适应新环 境.

orient n.东方,亚洲(尤指远东) 东半球 The up-to-date styles designed by Yves Saint Laurent,the famous French designer, ;由法国著名设计师伊 夫. 圣洛朗设计的最新款式 will orient fashions of the world this year. ;将领导今年的世界服装新 潮流.

pathetic a.差劲的,令人生厌的; 引起怜悯的,可怜的, 可悲的 Chow Yun-fat's acting is quite marvelous,but as a singer he's rather pathetic. ;周润发的演技确实很棒, 但他唱歌就马马虎虎了. It's pathetic to see her best friend sink so low. ;看到自己最好的朋友堕落 到这种地步,她感到非常 悲哀.

porch n.门廊 A porch is an entrance covered by a roof ;门廊是有顶的入口, outside the front door of a western house or church. ;位于西式建筑或教堂前 门外.

prey n.被捕食的动物,捕获物; 受害者 vi.(~on)捕食,折磨; 使烦恼 He,with his simplicity and inexperience,was an easy prey for ambitious females. ;由于单纯而缺乏经验, 他 常常轻易成为野心勃勃女 子的牺牲品. In those far-off times the Vikings used to prey on the coasts of Europe. ;在那遥远的年代,北欧海 盗常 常出没于欧洲海岸强 取豪夺.

quantitative a.(数)量的,定量的 It's necessary for us ;我们有必要 to make a quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of the investment. ;对投资的有效性进行量 比评 估.

regime n.政治制度,政权

Things in this war- ridden country will change under the new regime. ;在新政权的治理下,这个 饱受战乱 之苦的国家情况 会有所改变.

robust a.强健的,健康的 Jacky Chan's robust constitution and dignified appearance ;成龙强健的体格与不凡的 风度 can attract a girl at the very first sight. ;能让姑娘一见倾心.

spontaneous a.自发的,无意识的; 自然的,天真率直的 When Andy Lau,a superstar appeared on the stage, ;当天王巨星刘德华登上 舞台时, the fans gave him a spontaneous cheer. ;歌迷们发出自发的喝彩 声. Vicky Zhao is greatly liked as she was a fresh and spontaneous girl. ;赵薇的青春活力与纯真率 直的性 格十分招人喜欢.

subtle a.微妙的,难以捉摸的; 诡秘的,狡诈的;隐约的 Mona Lisa's subtle smile is unique. ;蒙娜丽莎神秘深邃的微笑 是无与伦比的. It was completely dark ;世界一片黑暗, except the subtle light given out by a few stars in the far distance in the sky. ;只有深邃的天空中几 颗星 星发出暗淡的光芒.

terminate v.停止,(使)终止 Let's terminate the meeting by ten. ;我们在 10 点前结束会 议吧.

void a.无效的;没有的,缺乏的 n.空虚感,寂寞感;真空, 空白 vt.使无效

Be careful not to sign a null and void contract. ;小心不要鉴定不具有法律 效力的协议. Why do many rich people feel void in their life since they are so well off? ;许多富人家财万贯为何还 那 么空虚无聊?

Lesson_16

abolish vt.彻底废除,废止 Slavery was abolished in America after the Civil War in the 19th century. ;美国的奴隶制度是 19 世 纪 时南北战争以后被废 止的. Some superstitious practices should be abolished as soon as possible. ;有些迷信做法应尽早取消

amend vt.修改,修订;改进 n.[p 赔偿,赔罪 The UN Charter has been amended since World War Two ;经过二战以来的修订, and great improvement has been made. ;联合国宪章已经日趋完 善.

betray vt.背叛,出卖;失信于 辜负;泄露(秘密等); (非故意地)暴露,显露 A person who betrays his own country will be spurned by people. ;一个人背叛自己祖国的人 会为世人所唾 弃. She betrayed her friends by breaking her promises. ;她不遵守自己的诺言,因 而失信于她的朋友. It's illegal to betray government secrets. ;泄露政府秘密是犯法的.

commence v.开始 At what time will the opening ceremony commence? ;开幕式什么时候开始?

conception n.思想,观念,概念; 构想,设想;怀孕 Does the younger generation have a clear conception of what they want? ;年轻一代清楚他们到底想 要什 么吗? Deng Xiaoping had a comprehensive conception ;邓小平有完整的构想 as to how to build up socialism with Chinese characteristics. ;对于如何建设有中国特色 的社会主义.

constrain vt.限制,约束; 克制,抑制 Nowadays many species of wild animals are bound and constrained in the zoo, ;如今,很多野生动物都被 关 在动物园的兽笼里 and ridiculously,only in this way they can survive. ;荒唐的是,它们只有这 样才能生存下来. Many artists don't consider themselves ;许多艺术家认为他们不必 constrained by the same rules of social conduct as other people. ;像一般人那样要受社会行 为准则的束 缚.

deduce vt.推论,推断,演绎 Einstein tried to deduce the operating principle of the toy purely by reasoning, ;爱因斯坦想通过纯粹 的推 理来推断出这个玩具的工 作原理, but he was in vain. ;但却徒劳无功.

dilemma n.(进退两难)窘境,困境 The dilemma a doctor often faces is ;医生经常面临这样的困境 whether he should tell the truth to the patient or not. ;应不应该将实情告诉病 人.

doubtless a.无疑的,肯定的 It's almost doubtless that the Chinese Soccer Team will qualify for ;几乎无庸置疑,中国足 球队将能够 进军 the final tournament of the World Cup to be held in Japan and Korea. ;日韩世界杯决赛阶段的 比赛.

enthusiastic a.满腔热情地,热心的, 极感兴趣的 We are really don't see why the superpower is so enthusiastic over the NMD. ;我们真搞不懂为什么这个 超 级大国那么热衷于搞 “国家导弹防御系统”.

extinguish vt.熄灭,扑灭; 使消失,使破灭 The fire was finally extinguished by the firemen. ;大火终于被消防队员们 扑灭了. His fire of life was extinguished bit by bit by the onset of the lovesickness. ;他的生命之火在相思病 魔 的摧残下终于一点一点地 暗淡下去.

formidable a.可怕的,令人生畏的; 难以克服的,难对付的 With her management skills and his marketing experts, ;她娴熟的管理技巧加上他 超凡的市场才华, they make a formidable combination. ;使他们双剑合璧, 所向披靡. He's conscious that he was a formidable rival in this field. ;他清醒地意识到,在这个 领域他遇到了一个 难缠的 对手.

hinder vt.阻碍,妨碍 You are hindering me in my work by talking all the time. ;你在这儿说个不停,妨碍 了我干活.

imaginative a.富有想象力的, 爱想象的 A scientist,as well as a writer,must be creative and imaginative. ;科学家和作家一样必须富 于创造力与 想象力.

indulge vi.(~in)沉溺,纵容自己 vt.使自己沉湎于,满足 (自己的欲望等);纵容 Those who always indulge themselves in delights of leisure will amount to nothing ;一味的贪图安逸享 受的人 到头来会一事无成. The bitter taste of disappointed love made him indulge in his own daydreams. ;苦涩的失恋滋味使他成天 沉浸在自己编织的梦幻 之中.

intensify vt.(使)增强,(使)加剧 To prevent the hoolig- ans from England and Germany making trouble during the World Cup, ;在世界杯举 办期间,为预 防英国和德国的足球流氓 搞事, they have intensified the police patrols along the streets and in the bowls. ;他们调集了大批警力加强 对街道及体育场的巡查.

irritate vt.使恼怒,使烦躁; 使(身体某部位)不适, 使疼痛 His disloyalty irritated his wife,who resolutely left home. ;他的不忠激怒了他的妻子 她毅然决然的离开 了这 个家.

manifest a.明显的,显然的,明了的 vt.显示,表明;证明; 使显露,使显现 This is something manifest to all of us. ;这是我们大家都很清楚 的事情.

The contradiction has manifested itself in the employment situation ;就业问题上的矛盾 日益突出 in the course of the innovation of the economic structures. ;在经济体制改革的过程 中.

naive a.幼稚的,轻信的; 天真的 Many naive girls wait for a film director to give them a chance to play a leading role ;许多幼稚的女 孩等待着 电影导演给一个主角让 她们演, and make a hit overnight. ;然后一夜成名.

oriental a.东方的,东方人的, 东方文化的 The mysterious ancient oriental culture has been appealing to the westerners for ages. ;长期以来,具 有神秘色彩 的古老的东方文化对于西 方人来说有着巨大的吸 引力.

precede vt.在...之前,先于 Bill Clinton preceded George Bush,Jr.,as President of the United States. ;克林顿在小布什之前担任 美 国总统.

probability n.可能性,可能发生的 事;概率 War is a serious probability between the two traditional enemy states ;两个传统上的敌对国家再 启战端 的可能性非常大, in the present state of affairs. ;从目前的形势来看. The cluster bomb has a high kill probability ;集束炸弹有很高的杀伤力 against a range of small hard and soft targets. ;对于一系列软硬小目标.

quest n.寻求,搜索,追求 We are quite pleased to see ;我们高兴地看到, that our two countries have a common quest in building peace. ;我们两国有着建立和平的 共同追求

repel vt.使厌恶;击退, 逐回,驱逐;排斥 The strong durian smell repels me. ;榴莲那股强烈的味道使 我生厌. North magnetic poles repel each other. ;磁北极与磁南极互相 排斥.

scorn n./vt.轻蔑,鄙视; 拒绝,不屑(做) The younger generation in the new century scorns the traditional idea of virginity. ;新世纪的年轻一 代已经对 传统的贞操观嗤之以鼻了

stability n.稳定,稳固 To make our country strong and prosperous, ;为使国家繁荣富强, the most important thing we should do is to maintain political stability. ;首要的是维护政治稳定.

summon vt.召唤,传唤 (~up)鼓起勇气, 振作(精神)召集,召开 The man summoned as a witness was required to make an oath ;传唤到庭的证人被要求 当场发誓 that what he would say was absolutely true. ;他所讲的绝对是真话. I had to summon (up) all my nerve to face my boss. ;我得鼓足勇气去见上司.

testify vi.作证,证明; 表明,说明 vt.证明,作证

Can you testify that you saw the defendant at the scene of the crime? ;你能证明你亲眼见到被告 在犯罪 现场吗? Acts testify intent. ;行为隐含动机.

texture n.质地;(材料等的)结构 One can see the orderly texture of matter through an electron microscope. ;通过电子显微镜可以看到 物 质的有序结构.

trivial a.琐碎的,不重要的 Never put the trivial above the important in doing anything. ;无论做任何事情切不可本 末倒置.

Lesson_17

abnormal a.反常的,异常的 EL Nino has resulted in the abnormal weather in many parts of the world. ;厄尔尼诺现象已经导致 了世 界很多地区的气候 反常.

amplity vt.放大(声音等),增强; 扩大,详述,进一步阐述 The radio signal can be amplified. ;无线电的信号可以放大. Can you amplify (on) your statement so that we will understand the overall problem? ;你能否对你的说 法进一步 说明以使我们理解整个 问题.

bewilder vt.使迷惑,使难住

Benny looked around,a bewildered expression on his face. ;本尼东张西望,脸上尽是 迷茫的表情. The twists and turns in the cave soon bewildered us. ;蜿蜒弯曲的洞穴使我们很 快便失去了方向.

commentary n.(广播员对球赛等的) 实况报道,(电影的)解 说词;评论,评论文章 Stop shouting!I can't hear Huang Jianxiang's commentary about the football match. ;别吵了,我都听不清 黄建 翔对这场球赛的解说了. Most housewives never show a slight interest in political commentary. ;大多数家庭主妇对于政治 评论没 有一丁点兴趣.

concise a.简明的,简要的 Your comment is quite concise and to the point. ;你的评论简明扼要,一 语中的.

contaminate vt.弄脏,污染 The water that we have to drink and the air we have to breathe every day ;我们每天必须饮用的水, 每天 必须呼吸的空气 have been badly contaminated. ;遭到严重的污染.

defy vt.(公然)违抗,藐视; 使成为不可能;挑,激 The tabloid in England defies the censure of some people ;英国的这家小报不顾一些 人的指责, and keeps on publishing the Page 3 Girl- ;继续刊登第三版女郎-a picture of a pretty, scantily clad young woman each day. ;即每天在第三版刊登一幅 着装性感的摩登女 郎的玉 照.

diminish vi.变少,变小,降低?vt.减少,降低 Time will never cause our love to diminish. ;时光不会使我们的爱情稍 减分毫. With the popularity of TV,the number of movie viewers has diminished sharply. ;随着电视的普及,电影观 众的数量成逐年下降的 趋势.

duplicate n.完全一样的东西,复制 品 a.完全一样的,复制的 vt.复制,复印;重复 This research merely duplicates work already done elsewhere ;这项研究仅仅是重复别人 已经做过的工作. Is this a duplicate or the original? ;这是复制件还是原件?

entrepreneur n.企业家 Born into a poor family,Li Jiacheng had endured many hardships imaginable ;李嘉成生于蓬门荜户,不 知 吃了多少苦李嘉成才 before he finally became a famous entrepreneur. ;成了现在尽人皆知的名 企业家.

extravagant a.奢侈的,铺张的; 过度的,过分的; (言行等)放肆的 It's quite extravagant for a student to spend 2,000 yuan on a dress. ;花两千元买一套衣服对 于一个学 生来说也太奢 侈了. Most inexperienced young persons tend to hold extravagant hopes for the future. ;大多数未经世事的年 轻人 都对未来抱有奢望.

foster vt.收养,养育;培养,促进 a.收养的,收养孩子的 People who cannot have a baby of their own sometimes foster a child. ;不能生育的人有时收养别 人的孩

子. The Summit Sessions held in Shanghai ;在上海举行的峰会 can foster better relations and cooperation between the six countries. ;会大大促进六国之间的 友好关 系与合作.

immerse vt.使浸没; (~in)使沉浸在, 使专心于 The naughty boy immensed himself in the water for quite a while, ;顽皮的男孩长时间地将 整个身子浸没 在水下, which frightened his parents a great deal. ;把他的父母吓个半死. Nowadays in a world full of material desires ;在当今物欲横流的世界 里, very few men can immense themselves completely in research work in a true sense. ;有几个人能够真正潜 心研究学问.

hoist vt.举起,升起,吊起 n.起重设备;升起, 举起,吊起 The child was quite interested in watching the sailors hoisting the cargo ;小孩饶有兴致地看着水手 们 将货物 onto the ship. ;吊到轮船上去.

infectious a.传染的,有传染性的; 有感染力的 Mind you! ;千万当心! Hepatitis is a highly infectious type of disease that can be passed on in the food. ;肝炎是一种可以 通过食物 传染且传染性极强的疾病 Her infections laughter filled the room. ;房间里充满了她那有感染 力的笑声.

intent n.意图,意向,目的 a.(~on)专心的,专注的 (~on)急切的 Don't reproach her any more.Anyway,she seemed to behave foolishly but with good intent. ;别再责备她 了,虽说她的 行为是有些鲁莽,但她的 出发点是好的. Judging from what she has been doing after taking power, ;从这位总统上台后的所作 所为不难看出, it seems that the President is intent on stirring up trouble throughout the world. ;他似乎是想把这个 世界 搞得乱七八糟.

jeopardize vt.危及,损害 As a businessman, ;作为商人, you must do everything to avoid jeopardizing your fortune by making bad investments. ;你应该千方百计 地避免 因投资不当而损失一大 笔钱.

manipulate vt.操纵,控制,影响; (熟练地)操作,使用 Qiong Yao made thousands of readers and audience, especially the female, ;琼瑶迷倒了千千万万 的读者 和观众 (以女性尤其), crazy for her plaintive and touching novels and TV plays ;他们被她哀婉动人的小说 和电视剧陶醉, by manipulating her characters and plots to create interest. ;她通过巧妙地处理人物和 情节来激发兴趣.

nasty a.令人讨厌的,令人厌 恶的;难弄的,困难的; a.严重的,恶劣的,险恶的 下流的,道德败坏的 I had intended to take her as my wife,but her nasty habits her nasty mind, ;我原想娶她为妻,然而她 身 上的恶习、卑鄙肮脏的 思想、 in addition to her nasty temper made me change my mind. ;加上她火暴的脾气,这一 切都使我改变了主意.

orientation n.方向,目标,方位; 熟悉情况,适应,情况 介绍 The winding trail caused the hikers to lose their orientation. ;弯弯曲曲的小径使使徒 步旅行者迷失了 方向. Our school has an orientation towards practical skills. ;我们学校着重使用技术 的教学. This is the orientation week for all the freshmen. ;本周是专门让大一新生熟 悉情况的.

patrol vt.在 巡逻,巡查 n.巡逻,巡查;巡逻兵; 巡逻队 The waters here are patrolled by the enemy mariners day and night ;敌人的潜艇日日夜夜都在 这一带海域 巡逻. The army intensified its patrol along the frontier. ;军队加强了边境的巡逻.

preclude vt.阻止,排除,妨碍 The suicide note precluded the possibility of murder. ;那封绝命书排除了他杀的 可能性.

probe n.探针,探测器; 探索,调查 v.探索;查究;探索,探测 (用探针或探测器) It's impolite to probe too deeply into a lady's peronal affairs ;对女士的私事刨根究底是 不礼貌的. The police have launched a probe into the suspected drug dealing. ;警方已对这起涉嫌毒品交 易的案子展 开了调查.

radiant a.容光焕发的,喜形于 色的;光芒四射的,光辉 灿烂的 This is a radiant morning.The bride's hands are radiant with rings. ;这是一个阳光明媚的早 晨,新娘子

双手的戒指光 彩夺目, She is radiant with joy. ;她满脸是华光照人的幸 福状.

radiate vt.发出(光或热), 辐射;流露,显示 There was a tenderness that radiated from her that touched and ached me. ;从她的身上我可以感受到 她 辐射出的柔情,让我感 动,让我心痛.

reproach vt.责备,批评 You have got nothing to reproach yourself, for the society should be responsible for it. ;你不要自责 了,社会才应 该对此负责.

scrap vt.废弃,抛弃 n.碎片,碎屑;[p 残羹冷饭;少量,点滴 He wrote down his adress and telephone number on a scrap of paper. ;他将他的地址和电话号码 写在一个 小纸头上. There was not a single scrap of evidence ;没有一丁点证据 to connect him with the murder of the Nepalese King. ;表明他与尼泊尔国王的 遇刺有任何牵扯.

startle vt.使吃惊,使惊吓 The murder of the Nepalese King startled the whole world. ;尼泊尔国王遇刺身亡让全 世界感到震惊.

suppress vt.压制,镇压;禁止发表 查禁;抑制(感情等),忍 住;阻止?的生长(发展) The revolt was ruthlessly suppressed by the military. ;叛乱被军队无情地镇压 下去了.

The Pentagon attempted to suppress documents connected with the case. ;五角大楼试图阻止将与此 案有关 的文件公诸于世.

warehouse n.仓库,货栈 A warehouse is a building for storing large quantities of goods. ;货仓就是用于储存大量货 物的建筑物.

Lesson_18
accessory n.附件零件,配件[p (女性手袋之类)装饰品; 同谋,帮凶,包庇犯 Ladies like wearing accessories such as diamond rings, necklaces and earrings ;女士喜欢戴上诸如钻石 戒 指、项链、耳环之类的 首饰. He was charged with being an accessory to murder. ;他被控为谋杀罪的从犯.

applaud vi.鼓掌,喝彩 vt.向?鼓掌, 向?欢呼,赞许 When the superstar appeared on the stage, all the audience stood up to applaud. ;当这位天皇巨星登上 舞台 时,所有的观众都站立起 来向他鼓掌欢呼. The intoxicated audie- nce applauded every item warmly and asked for many "encores". ;这些如醉如痴的 观众对每 一个节目都抱以热烈的掌 声,并多次要求"再来一个

blunder n.错误 v.跌跌撞撞地走,慌乱地 走;犯错误 The chief blunder of many scholars in doing reseach work ;很多学者在研究工作时的 最大失误 is their misconception of the classical original works. ;在于他们对于经典原著 的误读. Learning that his girl friend had fallen in love with another well-off ;得知其女朋友已经移情别 恋,

爱上一个腰缠万贯 and handsome young man,he blundered out of the booth. ;而又潇洒的年轻人时, 他跌跌撞撞地走出了 电话厅.

commonplace a.平庸的,普通的 n.寻常的事物,平庸 的东西 Some scientists believe ;一些科学家相信, that soon it will be commonplace for people to travel to the moon. ;不用多久,人们到月球旅 行会变成常 见的事.

confidential a.机密的;秘密的; 表示信任(或亲密)的; 担任机密工作的 Remember to keep this information confidential. ;记住要恪守这个机密 情报.

contemplate vt.注视;凝视; 盘算,技巧;思量, 对...周密考虑 The new students contemplated each other nervously. ;新生们紧张地相互对视. We can't just contemplate all day and not take action. ;不要成天什么都不干而一 个劲地冥思苦想.

degenerate vi.衰退,堕落,蜕化 n.堕落者 a.衰退者,堕落的 Her health degenerated as the days went by. ;她的健康状况日益恶化.

disable vt.使丧失能力,伤残 His uncle was disabled in the civil war,he lost his left arm. ;他的叔父在内战中失去了 一条左臂,成了 残废人. According to the new insurance rules, ;新的保险条例规定 the disabled for the public benefit are to receive more money. ;因公伤残者将得到更多 的抚恤金.

elevate vt.提升职位;提高,改善 使情绪高昂,使兴高采烈; 举起,使上升 Eisenhower was elevated to the rank of general due to his wise command in battle ;由于在战斗中指挥英

明, 艾森豪威尔被提升为 将军. Reading good books elevates one's mind. ;阅读好书能提高人的心 灵修养.

essence n.本质,实质,要素; 精髓,精华 Being thoughful of others is the essence of politeness. ;为别人考虑是礼貌的 本质. This shampoo contains herbal essence. ;这种洗发露含有草本 精华.

fabricate vt.捏造,伪造(文件等); 编造(谎言,借口等), 建造,创造 The gang fabricate evidence and threatened witnesses. ;那一伙歹徒伪造证据并 威胁目击者. The reason he gave for his absence was obviously fabricated. ;他所说的缺席理由显然是 编造的.

glare vi.(~at)怒目而视;发射 强光,发出耀眼的光线 n.强光;怒视,瞪眼; 炫耀,张扬 The sun glared out of the blue sky. ;太阳在蓝天上发出强烈 的光. The old gentleman just stood there glaring at the pickpocket and did not say a word. ;这位老先生只是 站在那里 对那个扒手怒目而视,一 句话也没有说. To avoid glare of the sun,you had better wear a pair of sunglasses. ;为避免耀眼的阳光(照 射),最好戴 上墨镜.

homogeneous a.同种类的;同性质的, 有相同特征的 Japan has a largely homogeneous population. ;日本的人口基本上同属一 个种族.

impart vt.告知,透露; 赋予,给予 Women tend to impart their secrets to their intimate friends. ;女人往往喜欢把秘密向她 们的好友吐露. A good teacher should impart wisdom to his pupils. ;好老师就应该把智慧传递 给学生.

ingenious a.设计独特的,别致的, 巧妙的;(人或头脑)灵 巧的,善于发明创造的 An ingenious idea suddenly came upon me. ;我突然想到了一个绝妙 的主意. The ingenious inventor invented a device which promoted productivity a great deal. ;这位天才发明家发 明了一 种能大大提高生产效率的 装置.

intervene vi.干涉,干预; 干扰,阻挠 The superpower country likes to intervene in the internal affairs of other countries. ;那个超级大国 总是把干涉 别国内政当作一种乐趣. A week intervenes between Christmas and New Year's Day. ;圣诞节和元旦相隔一周.

junction n.连接点;(道路等)会 合点;枢纽 The hydro-power station stands at the junction of two rivers. ;水力发电站在两条河流的 汇合处.

mediate vt.经调解解决, 经斡旋促成 vi.(in,~between)调解 斡旋 The Union played an important role in mediating a settlement ;工会起了重要作用,通过 调停达成和解 between the labor and management. ;在劳资双方间. The minister of foreign affairs mediated between two warring countries. ;外长在两个交战国之间进 行积 极的斡旋.

negligible a.可以忽略不计的, 微不足道的 Some people's knowledge of English is negligible. ;有些人的英语水平让人不 敢恭维. In buying a suit,a difference of ten cents in price is negligible. ;买一套衣服价钱只差一 角钱是无所 谓的.

originate vt.创造,创始,开创 vi(in/from/between) 起源于,来自;产生 Just as Mao Zedong puts it, ;正如毛泽东所说:

"All theories originate from practice and in turn serve practice." ;"任何理论都来源于实践, 反过来又 为实践服务.” The film originated from a short story. ;这部电影取材于一篇短篇 小说. The use of steam originated many other reforms. ;蒸汽的使用带来了许多 其他改革.

periodical n.期刊 a.周期的,定期的, 时而不定的 All of us,especially the aged,should receive periodical health check-ups. ;我们大家,尤其是老年 人, 应该接受定期体检.

predominant a.占主导地位的,显著的 Sunny days are predominant over rainy days in desert region. ;在沙漠地带,下雨天少得 可怜,绝大多数日 子是艳 阳高照.

proclaim vt.宣告,宣布,声明 In Britain,one's accent proclaims his social status. ;在英国,一个人的口音显 示他所处的社会地位. After its independence China was proclaimed a republic. ;中国独立之后成立共 和国.

retort vt./n.反驳,回嘴 "It's none of your business."he retorted. ;"你管不着!"他反驳道.

seemingly ad.表面上,看上去 Seemingly there is nothing we can do. ;看来我们帮不上忙.

stationary a.固定的;静止不动的 Don't get off the bus until it is stationary. ;等公共汽车停稳了再下 车.

superiority n.优越(性),优等 The official aways has a sense of superiority ;这个当官的总是有那么一 种优越感, as he often assumes an air of superiority before others. ;老在别人面前摆架子. Man has an intellectual superiority over all the other animals. ;在智力方面,任何动物 都不可与人相抗 衡.

threshold n.门槛;门口;入门, 开端;始起点;最低限度 The sound was so loud it was on the threshold of pain. ;声音大得开始使人无法忍 受(超过了最低限度).

turbulent a.动荡的,混乱的; 汹涌的,狂暴的 There still exist turbulent, ;骚动与动荡的潜流依 然存在 revolutionary undercurrents in this seemingly peaceful world. ;在这个表面上和平的世界 里,

underlying a.含蓄的,潜在的 It's the economist's mission ;那是经济学家的任务 to try to find out the underlying causes of the depression. ;努力探索出造成经济衰退 的潜在的原因.

Lesson_19

acquaint vt.使认识,使了解, 使熟悉 The internet and newspaper acquaint us with recent happenings around the world. ;互联网和报纸使我们 能及 时了解天下之事.

array n.排列,队行;展示,陈列 陈列衣服,盛装 vt.排列 配置(兵力),打扮,装饰 When the array of players of the Royal Madrid turned out in force in the stadium, ;当兵强马壮的皇家 马德里 队员鱼贯进入体育场时, the fans broke into loud cheers. ;球迷们爆发出震耳欲聋 的欢呼声. The soldiers were arrayed on the hill to ambush the Japanese army. ;兵力就部署在这个小山 上以伏击日 军.

capsule n.胶囊;航空舱,密封舱 "You should swallow five capsules and ten pills at one time." the physician said. ;医生吩咐道;“一次 服下 五粒胶囊,十粒片剂.” Tito has become the first tourist in the world ;蒂托成为世界上第一位 who entered the capsule and took a tour in a spaceship. ;进入航空舱、乘坐宇宙 飞船遨游太空.

compact a.紧凑的,小巧的,紧密 的,坚实的 n.契约,合同 vt 把压实或塞紧,使坚实 A compact disc is a small circular plastic disc ;CD 就是一种小巧的,塑 料圆盘 on which music or large quantities of information can be stored. ;可以储存音乐及大量 信息. The six nations made a compact to preserve peace recently in Shanghai. ;六国最近在上海签定了 和约.

configuration n.构成,结构,配置 The arrangement of a computer system or network is defined by the nature,number, ;计算机系统或网络的 布局 是按其操作部件的特点、 数目、 the interconnection, and chief characteristics of its functional units. ;互连及主要特性下 定义的. More specifically,the term configuration may refer to a hardware configuration ;更明确地说,术语“配 置” 可以指的是硬件配 置 or a software configuration. ;或软件配置.

contrive v.谋划;策划;设计做到; 设法想出 The notorious drug- pusher has been contriving an escape from the prison. ;这个臭名昭著的大毒枭一 直 都在图谋越狱. Can you contrive to be at the station by noon? ;你能设法在中午前赶到 车站吗?

degrade vt.降低...身份, 有辱...人格 You degrade yourself when you tell a lie. ;说谎会贬低自己的身份. Some people think that charity degrades those who receive it. ;有的人认为施舍使接受 者蒙羞. During the Asian Financial Crisis, ;在亚洲金融危机的关键 时刻, China made a great contribution to the stability of the world's economy ;中国为稳定世界经 济做出了伟 大贡献, by not degrade Chinese currency. ;坚持人民币不贬值,

discern v.看出,察觉出; 识别,认出 It is difficult to discern the truth. ;很难了解真相. It was so dark outside that I was just able to discern the road in the dark. ;外面一片漆黑,我在黑暗 中 勉强能分辨出道路.

elicit[i'lisi ;vt.诱出,探出 After much questioning among the people concerned, ;经在有关人员中反复询 问, the headmaster at last elicited the truth regarding the incident. ;校长终于问出了那件 事的真相.

eternal a.永久的,永世的; 无休止的,没完没了的; 永恒的,永不改变的 Rome has been called the Eternal City. ;罗马被称为永恒之城. Stop this eternal chatter! ;不要没完没了罗嗦不停.

facet n.(问题等的)一个方面; (多面体的)面 There are several facets to this question. ;这个问题有几个方面. The years glided past. ;岁月不知不觉地流逝.

glide vt./vi.滑行,滑动 The thief glided out of the room. ;小偷悄悄地溜出了房间.

hospitality n.(对客人的)友好款待, 好客 It's well known that the Chinese people show great hospitality. ;中国人以热情好客著称 于世.

impulse n.冲动,一时的念头; 推动,驱使;脉冲 Respect for the liberty of others is not a natural impulse in most men. ;绝大多数人来说,尊重他 人的 自由并不是一种自然 的本能. Immediately after she had bought the dress on impulse,the lady regretted. ;女人一时冲动买了这件 衣服, 马上就生出后悔 之意.

inherent a.内在的,固有的, 生来就有的 Polarity is inherent in a magnet. ;极性是磁铁的固有性质. Weight is an inherent property of matter. ;重量是物质固有的特性. A woman has an inherent love of beauty. ;女人天生爱美.

intimidate vt.恐吓,威胁 He said he would never be intimidated by big names and authorities. ;他说他决不会被名人、 权威所吓倒.

justification n.正当的理由;借口 The revolutionaries considered misgovern- ment to be a justific- ation for revolution. ;革命家把对国 家治理不当 看作是革命的正当理由.

merge vt./vi.(使)结合, (使)合并,使合为一体 Can one colour merge into another?If yes, what colour will result? ;一种颜色与另一种颜色混 合在一起 吗?如果可以, 那会产生什么颜色呢? The steel trusts merged various small business. ;钢铁托拉斯联合兼并了 许多企业.

notable a.值得注意的,显著的, 著名的 n.名人,要人 Sled dogs are notable for their stamina. ;雪橇狗以它们的忍耐力 而著称. The city formed a commission of notable citizens. ;这个城市组成了一个特别 市民委员会.

ornament n.装饰品,点缀品 vt.装饰,点缀 The palace was rich in ornament. ;宫廷装饰琳琅满目. Do you like ornamenting the house with flowers and paintings? ;你喜欢用花和画装饰 房子吗?

permeate vi.透入 vt.弥漫;遍布,散布; 渗入,渗透 Water will permeate blotting paper. ;水能渗透吸水纸. Our thinking is permeated by our historical myths. ;我们的历史神话渗透着我 们的思想.

premise n.[p(企业、机构等 使用)房屋及基地, 经营场址;前提,假设 If your premise is established,your conclusions are easily deducible. ;如果你的前提成立,那么 就很容 易推断出你的结 论了. If the premise is found to be true, ;若前提为真, the corresponding action specified in the rule conclusion is taken. ;则采取规则结论所规定 的相应行为.

productive a.多产的,富饶的;富 有成效的 The productive writer cannot produce any more works now. ;此高产作家现在已经是 江郎才尽了. "Un" is a productive prefix. ;"Un" 是一个构词力活跃 的前缀.

random a.随意的,随机的 Please choose a number at random. ;请随便选取一个号码.

retrieve vt.重新得到;取回,收回 挽回,补救;检索 Some dogs are trained to retrieve game. ;一些狗被训练来衔回 猎物. Something should be done at once to retrieve the error. ;应该立即采取措施来补 救错误.

sentiment n.意见,观点;感情,情绪 There's no place for sentiment in business. ;做生意不能感情用事. Sentiment should be controlled by reason. ;感情应受理智的控制.

strive vi.努力,奋斗,力求 Modern men have to strive with various temptations. ;现代人不得不与各种各样 的诱惑作斗争.

suspicious a.猜疑的,疑心的;可疑的 (~of)表示怀疑的 The ignorant are suspicious. ;无知者多疑. Don't always be suspicious of us! ;不要老是对我们疑神疑 鬼的!

tiresome a.令人疲劳的; 令人厌倦的 The tiresome lecture seemed endless;nearly half of the audience dozed of. ;索然无味的演讲似乎没完 没 了,几乎一半的听众都 打起了瞌睡.

uphold vt.支持,维护 Men should also do everything to uphold women's legal rights. ;男人也应该竭其所能去 维护妇女们的合法 权益. The judge upheld the lower court's decision. ;法官维持下级法院的 判决.

Lesson_20

adhere vi.(~to)黏附,附着; 遵守,坚持;追随,支持 Don't spit out your gum on the ground.It may adhere to the sole of someone's shoe. ;不要随地乱吐香口 胶,那 会粘到别人鞋底上的. The Government of Iraq adhered to its original plan, ;伊拉克政府我行我素, which was resented by many western countries. ;让许多西方国家憎恨不 已.

articulate a.善于表达的,表达得清 楚有力的 vt.明确有力地表达; 清晰地发音 Wu Jinglian,a well- known economist in China, ;中国著名经济学家吴敬琏 is articulate about the trend of the so-called "New Economy". ;对于”新经济“的走向 讲得头头是道. At the Press Conference ;在记者招待会上, the spokesman articulated China's strong opposition to the U.S. NMD. ;新闻发言人阐明了中国坚 决反对 美国的导弹防御计 划的立场.

chronic a.(疾病)慢性的, (人)久病的;长久的, 不断地;积习难改的 Patients suffering from chronic indigestion cannot eat more than enough. ;患有慢性消化不良症的 病人 不能多吃.

A chronic state of civil war has been preventing Afghanistan ;长期的战乱让阿富汗根本 无法 from developing its economy. ;发展自己的经济.

compatible a.兼容的;能和睦相处的 合得来的 Are your family members compatible with each other? ;你的家庭成员间能和 睦相处吗? Accuracy is not always compatible with haste. ;忙中难免出错.

conform vi.(~to,~with)遵守, 适应,顺从;相似, 一致,符合 A coat must conform to the figure of the wearer. ;衣服必须与身材相配. On the first day when a pupil enters school, he is asked to conform to the school rules. ;从进校的第 一天起,学校 就要求学生遵守校规.

converge vi.(在一点上)会合, 互相靠拢;聚集,集中; (思想,观点等)趋近 Raiway lines seem to converge when one looks at them from a distance. ;铁轨远看好像集中在 一点. Parallel lines converge at infinity. ;平行线永不相交.

deprive vt.(~of) 剥夺;使丧失 Women in old China were deprived of the right to education. ;在旧中国,妇女被剥夺了 受教育的权利.

disperse vi.(使)分散,散开; 使消散,消失 vt.分散,赶散;消散,驱散 Tear gas can be used to disperse a crowd. ;催泪瓦斯可用来驱散人群 The crowd dispersed in all directions. ;人群向各个方向散开了.

distribute vt.使分散,散布; 分发,分送,分配 Some students are distributing ad leaflets on the street ;有些学生在街头派发 广告传单. Whenever spring comes, the gardener will distribute grass seed over the lawn. ;当春天来临的时候,园丁 就把草种播撒在草坪里. 180 pounds of muscle were well distributed over his 6-foot frame. ;180 磅的肌肉均匀地长在 他 6 英尺高 的身躯上.

eligible a.有条件被选中的,有 恰当资格的;(尤指婚 姻等)合适的,合意的 In the US,only native-born citizens are eligible to the office of president. ;在美国,只有在美国本 土 出生的公民才有资格 当选总统.

evoke vt.唤起,引起, 使人想起 Tian Zhen's singing evoked warm acclamations. ;田震的歌声博得了热烈 的喝彩.(- -~) Wang Shuo's newly published review on Jin Yong's novels ;王朔新发表的关于金庸 小说的书评 has evoked much controversy. ;引起了很多争论. The Grape of Wrath is a novel that evokes the Depression in accurate detail. ;《愤怒的葡萄》是一部以 精确的细节再现大萧条的 小说.

fake n.假货,赝品;骗子,冒充 者 a.假的,伪造的,冒充的 vt.伪造,捏造,伪装 Many paintings looked old,but are fakes. ;很多画看上去年代久远, 实际是赝品. Many evil merchants swindle the customers by imposing fake goods on them ;许多无良商人用假冒伪劣 商

品坑害消费者, to make profits. ;赚取利益.

gloomy a.忧郁的,沮丧的;令人 沮丧的,令人失望的; 昏暗的,阴沉的 The gloomy damp weather and her gloomy face took away my appetite. ;阴沉,潮湿的天气以及 她哭丧着的脸 让我食欲 全无.

humanity n.人类,(总称)人; 人性;人道,博爱,慈爱 [p 人文学科 AIDS and cancer are maladies that afflict humanity. ;爱滋病和癌症是折磨人 类的疾病. Humanity is a mixture of good and bad qualities. ;人性是善与恶的混合体.

incentive n.刺激,鼓励 Money is still a major incentive in most occupations. ;在许多职业中,钱仍是 主要的鼓励因素. initiate n.新加入组织的人 vt.开始,创始;使初步了 解;接纳(新成员), 让...加入 China initiated her reforms in every field in 1978 based on Deng Xiaoping's conceptions ;中国从 1978 年开始根据 邓小平的构思启动各个领 域的改革.

intricate a.错综复杂的, 复杂精细的 A detective novel usually has an intricate plot. ;侦探小说通常有错综复 杂的情节. Modern electrical facilities have intricate directions. ;现代电器设备的用法说明 都复杂难懂.

leaflet n.传单,散页印刷品, 小册子 v.(向...)散发传单 (或小册子)

Many salesmen stood by the roadside ;很多销售人员站在路边 to hand out the leaflets for their products to passers-bys. ;向路人散发产品广告传 单.

migrate vi.(候鸟等)迁徙,移栖; 移居(尤指移居国外), 迁移 Some birds migrate to find warmer weather. ;有些鸟迁徙以寻找更温暖 的气候.

notorious a.臭名昭著的; 声名狼籍的 English soccer fans are notorious for their craziness and barbarism. ;英国球迷因他们的疯狂 和野蛮而 臭名昭著.

overlap vt.与...部分重叠, (与...)的部分相同 n.重叠,重叠的部分 Tiles are laid to overlap each other. ;屋瓦是一个压一个地重 叠放置的. History and politics overlap and should be studied together. ;历史和政治有部分重叠, 应该结合起来研究.

perpetual a.永久的,永恒的,长期 的;无休止的,没完没 了的 Do you believe in perpetual love in this secular world? ;在这个世俗的世界你还 相信有天长地久的爱情 吗? The two sides signed a treaty of perpetual friendship. ;双方签定了永久友好 条约.

prescription n.处方,药方, (医生开的)药; 开药方,开处方 I can never read doctor's prescriptions ;我从来看不懂医生写的 处方. profitable a.有利可图的,有益的 Investigations revealed that selling genuine goods at a fair price ;调查显示,长此以往, 货真价实的经

营 can be more profitable in the long run. ;能赚取更多的利润.

recipe n.烹饪法,食谱; 方法,秘诀,诀窍 I am not good at cooking.I can only follow a recipe. ;我不善长烹饪,只能照 着食谱做. What's your recipe for a happy marriage? ;你认为幸福的婚姻是 什么秘方?

revelation n.被揭示的真相, (惊人的)新发现; 揭示,透露,显示 What a revelation! ;这真是一个意外! The revelation that the world is round once surprised people. ;揭示出地球是圆的事实曾 使人们大为惊讶. Have you ever read the Revelations in the Bible? ;你读过《圣经》中的 《启示录》吗?

shrewd a.机灵的,敏锐的,精明的 However shrewd a businessman is,it is impossible that he has never lost money. ;再精明的生意人也不可 能 从不亏钱.

subjective a.主观上的,个人的 Our perception of things is often influenced by subjective factors, ;我们对事物的感知能力受 到主观因 素的影响, such as tiredness. ;如疲劳. Lyric poetry is subjective. ;抒情诗是抒发个人感情 的.

symposium n.讨论会,专题报告会; 专题论文集

A symposium is a meeting or conference for discussion of a topic, ;讨论会即讨论某一论题的 聚会或会议, especially one in which the participants form an audience and make presentations. ;尤指参与者既为听 众、 又作演讲聚会或会议.

toss vi.(打赌等时)掷(钱币) 翻来覆去 The ship tossed about on the stormy sea. ;船在波涛汹涌的海浪中 颠簸着.

toss n.掷钱币来决定;猛抬头 vt.扔,抛,掷;猛抬(头), 拌(食品); 使颠簸 Toss the vegetables in butter. ;在菜里拌点黄油. Let's toss to see who pays the bill. ;让我们掷钱币决定谁 付帐.

verdict n.裁定;定论,判断性意见 The verdict was that the prisoner was guilty. ;最后的判决是犯人有罪.

Lesson_21
administer vt.掌管,料理?的事务; 实施,实行;给予, 派给,投(药) In many Japanese homes,as in many Chinese ones, ;日本的很多家庭和许多中 国家庭一样, the funds are administered by the wife. ;也是由妻子掌握财政 大权的. In the United States the Supreme Court is the very institution that administers law. ;在美国,最高法 院是实 施法律的机构.

ascend vi.渐渐上升,升高 vt.攀登,登上 The rocket ascend into the sky until it disappeared altogether ;火箭高高地飞向天空直至 完全消失.

Wu Zetian ascended the throne and became the only empress in China. ;武则天登上了皇帝的宝 座,成为中 国历史上唯一 的女皇.

circulation n.(体液的)循环,(水,空 气等的)流通;(使)流传; 传播;发行(货币等)流通 Internet,it seems,has increased the free circulation of ideas. ;互联网的出现似乎加速了 思想的自由交 流. The Chinese People's Bank put the twenty- yuan note into circul- ation not long ago. ;不久前,中国人 民银行 发行了 20 元纸币流通于 市面.

compensate v.偿还,补偿,抵消 Nothing can compensate the young mother for the loss of her dear child. ;年轻的妈妈丧失了自己心 爱的 孩子是任何东西也弥 补不了的. Nothing can compensate for the loss of time. ;虚度光阴是无法补偿的 (光阴一去不复返).

conscientious a.认真的,勤勤恳恳的 Be conscientious and make a good job in publishing. ;要认真做好出版工作.

culminate v.(以...)告终 Years of waiting culminated in a tearful reunion. ;多年的等待最终以含泪团 聚而结局.

dissipate vi.消散,消失 vt.使消散,使消失; 浪费,挥霍 The wind finally dissipated the smoke. ;风最终驱散了烟雾. In a few years Francis dissipated his large fortune inherited from his grandfather. ;弗朗西斯在几年 里就把从 他祖父那里继承下来的一 大笔财产挥霍光了.

embark vi.上船(或飞机,汽车等) (~on,~in)着手,开始 We embarked at Liverpool for New York. ;我们在利物浦上船前 往纽约. We embarked at Southampton,and disembarked in New York a week later. ;我们在南安普顿上船, 一星期后到 达纽约下船.

exemplify vt.是(或作为)?的典型 (或榜样); 示例,举例证明 The recent oil price rises ;最近的石油涨价 exemplify the difficulties which the motor industry is now facing. ;是汽车工业正面临困难 的例子.

feeble a.虚弱的,衰弱的,无 力的,无效的,无益的 I felt feeble when I was ill. ;我生病的时候感到虚弱. Grandmother has been getting feeble lately. ;近来祖母愈益衰弱了.

grief n.悲伤,悲痛;悲伤的事, 悲痛的缘由 Friendships multiply joys and divide griefs. ;友谊增进欢乐,分担忧愁.

hurl vt.猛投,力掷;大声叫骂 The naughty boy hurled a stone at my window and I hurled curses at him. ;那个顽皮的小男孩向我的 窗户 扔石子,我狠很地对 他大声叫骂.

incidentally ad.顺便说及地,顺便 提一句 I must go now. Incidentally,if you want that book I'll bring it next time. ;我现在该走了,如果你要 那 本书,我下次带来. Incidentally,your proposal will be open to the discussion at the meeting. ;顺便提一句,你的建议 将在 会议上进行讨论.

inspiration n.灵感,鼓舞人心的人 (或事物) Poets and artists often draw their inspiration from nature. ;诗人与艺术家往往由自 然得到灵感.

intrinsic a.固有的,本质的,灵感的 The intrinsic value of a coin is the value of the metal it is made of. ;一枚钱币的内在价值是 造这枚 纸币的金属的价 值.

liability n.责任;[p 负责, 债务;不利条件, 起妨碍作用的人(或物) The business failed because its assets were not as great as its liabilities. ;这家商行因资不低债而 倒 闭.

mingle vt.使混合;使相混 vi.混合起来,相混合; 相交往,相往来 It was said that Emperor Kang Xi of the Qing Dynasty ;据说清朝的康熙皇帝 often left the palace and mingled unknown with common people. ;经常离开皇宫与老百姓 混在一起而不被人 发觉.

nutrition n.营养 A balanced diet provides nutrition for your body. ;均衡的食物使你的身 体获得营养.

overwhelming a.势不可挡的,压倒的; 巨大的 Beijing took an overwhelming majority of votes and won the Olympic bid. ;北京得到压倒多数的选 票,申 奥获胜.

perplex vt.使困惑;使费解, 使复杂化 Modern men are often perplexed by what to do. ;现代人常常感到非常 困惑,不知任何是好.

preside vi.(~at,~over)主持, 主管 Whoever presides at the meeting will need patience and tact. ;无论谁主持会议,都既要 有耐性,又要机敏 老练. The city council is presided over by the mayor. ;市政委员会由市长领导.

profound a.深度的,深切的, 深远的;知识渊博的, 见解深刻的;深奥的 We had a profound lesson in ideological education yesterday. ;昨天我们上了一堂深刻的 思想教育课.

reconcile vt.使协调;使和解; (~to)使顺从(于), 使甘心(于) The estranged couple reconciled after a year. ;翻脸的那对夫妻一年以 后又和好了. How do you reconcile your principles with your behavior? ;你如何使你的原则和行 为一致?

revenge n.报仇,复仇 vt.为?报仇,报?之仇 Hamlet revenged his father's death. ;哈姆雷特为他死去的父 亲报了仇.

signify vt.表示?的意思, 意味,预示 A fever usually signifies that there is something wrong with the body. ;发烧预示着身体有毛病. Will those in favor of the suggestion please ;赞成这项建议的人请 signify their agreement by raising their hands? ;举手表示好吗?

subordinate a.下级的,级别低的 (~to)次要的,从属的 n.部属,下属 vt.使处于次要地位 One of the traditional notions in China is that ;中国的传统观念之一是 a wife should be subordinate to her husband in every way. ;妻子必须在各个方面完全 听命于丈夫. The minority is subordinate to the majority. ;少数服从多数.

tangle v.(使)缠结,(使)乱作一 团 n.乱糟糟的一堆,混乱 复杂的问题(或形式)困惑 My mind was in tangle. ;我的思想陷入困惑之中. The power failure had traffic tangled in the city. ;电力的中断使城市内的 交通陷入混乱状态.

tragic a.悲惨的,可悲的; 悲剧性的 In reading a tragic poet's works, ;在阅读悲剧诗人的作品 时, the most important thing is to realize the tragic significan- ce of the story. ;最为关键的是要领悟故 事的悲剧性意义.

versatile a.多才多艺的,有多种 技能的;有多种用途的, 多功能的,万用的 Nylon is a versatile material. ;尼龙是一种有多方面用 途的材料. The most versatile of vegetables is the tomato. ;蔬菜中用途最广的是 西红柿.

Lesson_22

allege vt.断言,宣称,硬说 Students occasionally allege illness as the reason for absence. ;学生时不时会称病缺课.

ascribe ;vt.(~to)把?归因于, 把?归属于 After Brazilian's being defeated by the Bolivian, ;巴西足球队被玻利维亚队 击败后, the helpless chief coach of the Brazilian Football Team ;无奈的巴西队主教练 ascribed their failure to bad luck. ;将失败归结于运气不佳.

cling vi.(~to)紧紧抓住 (或抱住)黏住,挨近; 依附,依恋;坚持,墨守, 忠实于

The pretty model wore a silk dress ;漂亮的模特儿穿着一身紧 身绸缎装, that clung to her figure and walked gracefully on the stage. ;仪态万方地出现在舞 台上. The old gerneration tend to cling to their traditional values. ;老一辈人往往恪守着他们 传统的价值观.

complement vt.补充,与?相配 n.补充,互为补充的东西; 编制的名额,装备定额 Love is the complement of the law. ;爱的精神是法律的补 充物. Roses in a silver bowl complement the handsome cherry table. ;银碗中玫瑰更为这张漂亮 的樱桃色桌子添 彩.

conserve vt.保藏,保存;节约 We must conserve our forests if we are to make sure of a future supply of wood. ;为保证未来木材的供 应, 我们必须保护森林. We now have a global shortage of water, ;现在是全球化的缺水, therefore we have to learn to conserve water. ;所以大家必须学会节约 用水.

cumulative a.累积的;渐增的 The cumulative effects of many illnesses made grandpa a weak man. ;多种疾病长期的折磨使祖 父虚弱不堪.

destiny n.命运;定数,天命 Do you believe marriage is the result of destiny? ;你认为婚姻是命中注定 的吗? Destiny brought us together. ;命运把我们连在一起.

distort vt.歪曲,曲解; 扭曲,使变形 vi.变形

Metal distorts under stress. ;金属在压力作用下变形. Stop distorting what I said. ;不要曲解我的话.

empirical a.以经验(或观察)为 依据的,经验主义的, 经验的 Many empirical results supported the hypothesis. ;很多经验性结论都可证 明假设成立.

expedition n.(为特定目的组织的) 旅行,出行,远征;远征队 探险队,考察队,迅速 The Eight-Power Allied Expedition captured Beijing ;八国联军攻占了北京, and set fire on the Imperial Garden Yuanmingyuan. ;把圆明园付之一炬.

flap n.片状垂悬物(信封的口 盖,衣服的袋盖等);飘动 摆动(翅的)振动;激动, The bird flapped its wings and flew away. ;鸟振翅飞去. The sails were flapping gently in the wind. ;船帆随风摆去. Everything was going on smoothly;there was no flap. ;一切都很顺利,没有慌 乱现象.

hamper v.妨碍,束缚,限制 Many modernists think that rhyme and metre hamper the poet's free expression. ;很多现代派诗人认为韵 律 妨碍了诗人的自由发 挥.

hypothesis n.假设,假说,前提 This is only a sort of scientific hypothesis which has not been proved by experiments. ;这仅仅是一个 尚未被实验 证明的科学假说.

indefinite a.无限期的;不确定的, 含糊的 He gave me an indefinite answer. ;他含糊其词地回答了我.

installment n.分期付款,分期交付; (分期连载)的部分 Many white-collar workers buy houses in installments. ;许多白领人士用分期付款 的方式买房子.

intuition n.直觉 Intuition is the act or faculty of knowing or sensing ;直觉即是能知道或感觉的 行为或能力 without the use of rational processes. ;未经理性的论证过程

linear a.线的,直线的,线状的; 长度的;线性的 The pupil made great efforts to work out the linear equation. ;那个小学生费了九牛二虎 之力去解决这个 一次方程 式.

miniature n.缩小的模型,缩影; 微型画;微型人物像 a.微小的,缩小的 Games are real life in miniature. ;游戏比赛是现实生活的 缩影.

obedient a.服从的,顺从的 Do all parents like obedient and well- behaved children? ;所有父母都喜欢顺从和 循规蹈矩的孩子吗? paradox n.似乎矛盾而(可能)正 确的说法;自相矛盾的 人(或事物) Your answer to the question is a paradox. ;你对这个问题的回答矛 盾百出. "More haste,less speed" is a paradox. ;“欲速则不达”是个似是 而非的隽语.

persistent a.坚持不懈的,执意的; 持续的 The persistent suitor made persistent efforts and succeeded eventually. ;这个百折不挠的求婚者经 过执 着的努力,终于如愿 以偿.

prestige n.声望,威望 The old universities of Oxford and Cambridge still have a lot of prestige. ;历史悠久的牛津大学和剑 桥 大学仍然享有很高的声 望.

prolong vt.延长,拖延,拉长 The Congress agreed to prolong the MFN ;美国国会决定将对于越南 的最惠国 (most-favored-nation) treatment to Vietnam by one year. ;(最惠国)待遇延长一年.

restrain vi.(~from)抑制, 克制,戒除 n.(诗歌的)叠句,副歌 She retrained herself from scolding her child until the guests left. ;她强忍住不责骂孩子,直 到客人都 走了.

revision n.修改,修改,修正; 修订本,修订版;温习, 复习 To keep pace with times,the law is in need of frequent revision. ;为了跟上时代的发展, 法律需要不断地 修订.

skeptical a.表示怀疑的

I am always skeptical of/about the Chinese Football Team's chance of winning. ;我对中国足球队的获胜 机 会总是表示怀疑.

subscribe vi.订阅,订购(书籍等); 同意,赞成 vt.捐助,赞助 What newspapers have you subscribed for? ;你订阅了哪些报纸? How much did you subscribe to the Hope Project? ;你为希望工程捐助了多 少钱?

temperament n.气质,性格 The poet is highly nervous and volatile in temperament. ;诗人生性神经过敏, 喜怒无常.

transaction n.交易,业务 All transactions,from banking to shopping, will be performed electronically. ;所有的交易活动,从跑银 行 到买东西,都可通过电 脑来完成.

veto vt./n.否决 The President exercised his veto against the Congressional bill. ;总统对国会的法案行使了 否决权.

vulgar a.粗野的,下流的, 庸俗的,粗俗的 The houses and cars of the newly rich are huge but vulgar. ;那位爆发户的房子和车子 都硕大无比,却也俗 不可 耐. Putting food into one's mouth with a knife is considered a vulgar act in England. ;按英国规矩,用餐刀 将 食物送入口中算是失仪.

Lesson_23

alternate a.交换的,轮流的;间隔的 vt./vi.(使)交换, (使)轮流 The fashionable style designed by the famous designer ;由这位著名服装设计师设 计的新潮时装上 has some alternate stripes of blue and white which made the fashion quite special. ;有蓝白相间的条纹, 这正 是其与众不同的独特之 处. The two candidates for the presidency ;两位总统候选人 will alternate in giving their respective election speeches on TV. ;将会在电视上轮番进行 竞选演说.

assurance n.把握,信心;保证, 表示保证(鼓励,安慰) 的话;(人寿)保险 During the interview, ;在面试的过程中, I answered all the questions raised by the interviewer with assurance. ;我信心十足地回答了面 试人提 出的所有问题. Despite my friends' repeated assurance before the interview, ;面试之前,虽然我的朋友 说了很多鼓励的话, I was still very nervous. ;但我仍然十分紧张.

coincide vi.同时发生; 相符,相一致; 位置重合,重叠 We can say that one is lucky if his vocation coincide with his avocation. ;如果一个人的职业刚好与 他 的爱好一致,那么我们 就可以说他是非常幸运的

comply vt.(~with)遵从, 依从,服从 All the citizens must comply with the law. ;所有公民都必须遵守 法律.

consolidate v.巩固,加强;(把?) 联为一体,合并 The two banks will consolidate in July next year. ;这两家银行明年 7 月将 合并. Several small businesses consolidated to form a large powerful company ;几家小企业合并成一家势 力雄 厚的大型公司.

dazzle v.(使)眩目,(耀)眼; 使赞叹不已,使倾倒 n.耀眼的光; 令人赞叹的东西 He was dazzled by his sudden success. ;突然的成功冲昏了他的 头脑. The diamond ring dazzled with brilliancy. ;这只钻石戒指闪耀夺目.

destructive a.破坏(性)的,毁灭性的 Policies that are destructive to economic development should be abandoned. ;有碍经济发展的政策应该 摈 弃掉.

distract vt.转移(注意力); 使分心 The noise in the street distracted me from my reading. ;街上嘈杂声使我无法专 心读书. The school students were distracted by the wonderful world outside the classroom. ;教室外的精彩世界 使学生 们不能集中注意力.

expenditure n.经费,费用,支出额; (时间,金钱等的)花费, 支出,消耗 All the departments are required to limit their expenditure to what's essential. ;每个部门都被要求限 制在 必要的开支上.

flaw n.缺点,瑕疵,缺陷 Vanity is the great flaw in the character of many women. ;爱慕虚荣是很多女性性格 中的重大缺陷. It's a pity that the scar flawed her skin. ;很遗憾,这块疤痕在她 皮肤上造成了缺陷.

hatch vt.孵出,孵;策划,图谋 vi.(~out)(小鸡等)孵出 n.(飞机等的)舱门 (门等的)开口;孵化 Don't count the chickens before they are hatched. ;[鸡蛋还未孵,别忙 数鸡雏. What mischief are you hatching (up)? ;你们在搞什么鬼花样?

ignite vt.点燃,引发 vi.着火 A lighted cigarette can ignite a big forest fire. ;一根点燃的香烟就可以 引起森林大火. His enthusiastic speech ignited the audience. ;他热情洋溢的演说让听 众热血沸腾.

indignant a.愤怒的,愤慨的,义愤的 All the Chinese people were indignant ;全中国人民都感到无 比愤慨, when learning that the Chinese embassy in Yugoslavia had been bombed by NATO. ;当听说中国驻南联盟大 使 馆被北约轰炸时.

instantaneous a.瞬间的,即刻的 I'm looking forward to an instantaneous reply to this letter. ;本人翘首盼望对此信件的 即刻答复.

invalid n.(需要有人照顾的) 病弱者,残疾者 invalid a.(指法律上)无效的, 无可靠根据的, 站不住脚的

Unless it is signed,a cheque is invalid. ;支票除非签了字,否则 是无效的. The invalid is gathering strength. ;这位病弱者体力正在逐 渐恢复.

minimize vt.(使)减少(或缩小) 到最低限度;极力贬低, 对?做出最低估计 One of the effective measure to minimize the dangers of driving ;使发生车祸的机会减到 最低的有效措施 之一 is to teach people to obey all the traffic rules. ;就是教育人们遵守一切 交通规则.

obscure a.不著名的,不重要的; 费解的,模糊不清的; vt.使变模糊,掩盖 Jude,the Obscure is a masterpiece written by Thomas Hardy, ;《无名的裘德》 是哈代的代表作, one of the most famous English novelists. ;哈代英国最著名的作家 之一. One's success obscure his failures. ;一个人的成功使他的失败 显得微不足道. The moon was obscured by dark clouds. ;月亮被乌云遮住了.

participant n.参与者,参加者 Susan B. Anthony,the American champion of woman's suffrage, ;苏珊.比.安东尼是美国 争取妇女参政的倡导 者, was also a participant in the movement to end slavery. ;也是废奴运动的参加者.

persuasion n.说服(力),劝说; 信念,信仰 Parents are encouraged to rely on persuasion rather than punishment. ;鼓励父母们依靠说服的方 法而不 要靠惩罚.

pretext n.借口,托辞 Don't always use a headache as a pretext for not going to school! ;不要老以头痛为借口不 上学.

propel vt.推进,推动; 激励,驱使 The change in China is being propelled by the new economic upsurge. ;新经济的浪潮正把中国 的变革推向 前进.

refreshment n.[常 p 茶点,点心; (精力的)恢复,精神爽快 Ice cream is a good refreshment on a hot day. ;冰淇淋在热天是解暑提 神的佳品. Refreshments will be served after the meeting. ;会后有点心供应.

revive vt.(使)复苏 vi.恢复 The drooping plants revived in the rain. ;萎蔫的植物在雨中有恢复 了生气. Hot coffee revived me; I had been cold and tired. ;热咖啡使又冷又累的我恢 复了精力.

snatch n.片段 snatch vt.夺,夺走;一下子拉 一把抓住;抓住机会做, 抽空做 vi.(at)一把抓住 The thief snatched my handbag and ran off. ;小偷一把夺走我的手提包 便逃之夭夭. During the exam,I can only sleep in snatchs at night. ;考试期间,夜晚我只能睡 一会儿觉.

subsidiary a.辅助的,次要的,附设的 n.子公司,附属机构

The question of finance is subsidiary to the question of ;财务问题是这一项目 whether the project will be approved. ;是否获准的附带问题.

tempt vt.吸引,引起?的兴趣 引诱,诱惑 The warm weather tempted us into going for a walk. ;暖和的天气吸引我们去 散步.

transition n.过渡,转变 Women in menopausal disorders are subject to frequent transitions ;有更年期综合症的女人 常是喜怒无常. from high spirits to depression and anger. ;有更年期综合症的女人 常是喜怒无常.

vicinity n.周围地区,邻近地区 The two restaurants in close vicinity compete violently. ;两家比邻餐厅竞争非常 激烈.

vulnerable a.易受伤的,脆弱的; 易受攻击的,难防御的 Young birds are very vulnerable to predators. ;幼小的鸟易受肉食动物 的伤害. Young people are vulnerable to the influences of radio and television. ;年轻人容易受广播和电 视的影 响.

warrant n.授权令;(正当)理由, 根据 vt.证明?是正当的 The Constitution guarntees ;宪法保证了 that private homes will not be searched without a warrant. ;没有搜查证,不得 任意搜查私人家宅. You had no warrant for doing that. ;你那样做毫无道理.

warranty n.担保书,证书,保单 You can have a five- year-period warranty for the television you bought. ;你买的电视机有五年的保 用 期.

Lesson_24

ambiguous a.引起歧义的, 摸棱两可的,含混的 The President's ambiguous directions confused the staff who didn't know what to do ;总统含糊的指令让 他的下 属有些茫然,不知如何是 好.

authentic a.真的,真正的; 可靠的,可信的 Can you distinguish between an authentic antique and a fake one? ;你能辨认古董真品和赝 品吗? Nowadays it's quite difficult to tell an authentic news report from an invented one, ;现在有的新闻报 道可谓是 真假难辨, especially news about the celebrities. ;尤其是对于那些名流 们的报道.

compulsory a.必须做的,强制性的, (课程)必修的 Is English a compulsory course in your school? ;在你们学校,英语是必 修的课程吗? A nine year compulsory education is implemented in China. ;中国实行 9 年义务教育.

conspicuous a.显眼的;明显的

She's always conspicuous because of her bright clothes and queer hair style. ;因为她衣着鲜艳,发型古 怪, 所以总是惹人注目.

decisive a.决定性的;坚定的, 果断的;决断的 Waterloo was the decisive battle of the whole war. ;滑铁卢一役左右了整个 战局.

deteriorate v.恶化,变坏 He Long's health had deteriorated while he was in prison. ;贺龙在狱中时健康已经 越来越恶化了. diversion n.转移,转向,消遣,娱乐; (修路时)临时绕行路 Some students marred their writings by a diversion into irrelevant material. ;一些学生由于插入无关材 料偏离主题而把作文写糟 了.

engagement n.订婚,婚约;约会 The two lovers had an engagement to meet secretly after dark. ;两个恋人约好在天黑以 后秘密会面. Their engagement was announced in the local paper. ;他们订婚的消息已登在 当地报纸上.

expire v.期满,(期限)终止, 断气,死亡 My passport expires in a month. ;我的护照再过一个月就 到期了.

fluctuate vi.波动,涨落,起伏 The prices of vegetables and fruits fluctuate with the seasons. ;蔬菜和水果的价格随季 节而波动.

haul vt.(用力)拖,拉; (用车等)拖运,运送

haul n.拖,拉,拖运;一次获得 (或偷得等)的数量 When dusk came,the fishermen hauled the boat up onto the shore. ;黄昏降临,渔夫们用力 把船拖上岸. Raised for its milk, meat,and hide, ;饲养驯鹿除了要获取奶、 肉和皮革之外, the reindeer is also used to haul things from place to place. ;还要用来把东西从一个 地方运送到另一个 地方.

illuminate vt.照明,照亮; 阐明,启发 Tian'anmen Square really looks magnificent at night when it is illuminated ;在晚间灯光的照耀下,天 安 门广场看起来确实很 壮观.

indignation n.愤怒,愤慨,义愤 The manager expressed his indignation at being unfairly dismis- sed by the president. ;经理对他被总 裁不公平 解雇的一事愤愤不平.

integrity n.正直,诚实,完整, 完全,完整性 Some people have a lot of integrity in keeping their principles. ;有的人在遵守原则方面 规规矩矩.

invaluable a.非常宝贵的;极为贵 重的,无价的 Good health,not wealth,is an invaluable blessing. ;健康(不是财富)才是千 金难买的福气.

literal a.照字面上的,原义的; 逐字的 The literal meaning of "ponder" is to "weigh". ;"ponder"(权衡)的字 面原意是“你?的分量”

literally ad.逐字的,照原文、 照字面的;确实地, 真正地;简直 To translate literally is not always the closest to the original meaning. ;逐字翻译不一定最接近 原义. There are people in the world who literally do not know how to boil water. ;世界上确实有不知道怎么 烧 水的人,

misfortune n.不幸,厄运,逆境; 不幸事故,灾难,灾祸 Misfortune never come alone. ;[祸不单行. I had the misfortune to break my leg yesterday. ;昨天我不幸折断了腿.

oppress vt.压迫,压制;(使心 情等)沉重,使烦恼 Poverty oppresses the spirit. ;贫穷折磨着人们的心灵. I feel oppressed by the heat. ;我感到闷热难受.

pastime n.消遣,娱乐 Playing cards is our favorite pastime when travel by train. ;打牌是我们乘火车旅行时 最喜欢的娱乐消遣.

ponder v.思索,考虑,沉思 I want to quietly ponder what we to do next. ;我想静静想一想下一步 怎么办. Many people are pondering (upon) the meaning of life. ;许多人都在苦苦思索生活 的意义.

provocative a.挑衅的,煽动的, 刺激的;挑逗的

The pretty model looks very provocative in a transparent miniskirt. ;在时装表演中,漂亮的模 特儿穿着 一条透明的迷你 裙,看上去十分撩人.

prevalent a.流行的,普通的 Smog is more pre

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