汕头市金山中学 2015-2016 年度高三第一学期期中考
本试卷共三部分，共 7 页，满分 135 分（120× 1.125） 。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1．答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔填写答题卡上的班级、姓名和试室号、学号，用 2B 铅笔将学号对应的数字涂黑。 2．选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑，如需改动， 用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 第一部分: 阅读理解 （共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文 ，从每题所给的四个选项 （A 、B 、C 上将该项涂黑。 A In October 2010, I left my hometown and family in Virginia and moved to Iowa so I could be coached by Liang Chow. I'd been dreaming of an Olympic gold medal since I was eight — but gradually, that dream seemed like a million miles away. On January 2, 2012, while Mom was visiting me in Iowa, I told her, “I don't like gymnastics anymore. I want to try dancing, or become a singer. I can get a job in Virginia. I just want to come home.” Mom's eyes narrowed and her expression turned to stone. “You're breaking my heart, Brie,” she said. “You've been doing gymnastics for ten years, and now you want to quit? Have you lost your mind?” I hadn't lost my mind, but I had lost my fire. It's an entirely different thing to push toward that dream when you feel alone. “I'm not trying to break your heart, Mom,” I said. “I just don't want to do it anymore.” “I know you miss home. But you've signed a contract that says you will represent your country to the best of your ability. You've got a responsibility to your teammates. And now you just want to walk away? I will not let you be dishonorable. If you don't like gymnastics, then at the very least, you will finish the season.” The next afternoon as I dragged myself into Chow's gym, I thought of the efforts Mom had made in order to pay for my training. I thought of my two sisters: Arielle, who gave up ballroom dancing, and Joyelle, who stopped ice skating so that our single mom could afford to keep me in gymnastics. For now, here's what you need to know: Exactly 210 days before I ever attempted my first vault (跳跃) in the London Summer Olympics, my leap of faith came this close to ending in a crash of disaster. 1. The author wanted to give up gymnastics because _____. A. she thought she loved music more B. she was overcome with homesickness C. an Olympic gold was beyond her reach D. the training for the Olympics was too hard 2. We can infer from the passage that the author _____. A. was born into an athletic family B. realized her Olympic dream C. changed her mind in the end D. had a bad childhood 3. What would be the best title for the passage? A. My leap of faith B. A quitter C. My mother D. A dream come true B Long-time exposure to air pollution can lead to physical changes in the brain and cause trouble in learning and memory, and even anxiety. This is suggested by the results of new research on mice. While other studies have shown the harmful effects of polluted air in the lungs and heart, this is the first to show the negative effect on the brain. The team of Laura Fonken, Randy Nelson, from the Ohio State University, USA, has spread to the brain a
和 D ）中 ，选出最佳选项 ，并在答题卡
previous line of research which found that fine particulate (微粒) matter floating in the air mainly because of air pollution caused by humans, causes swelling in much of the body, and may be related to high blood pressure problems, and some other diseases. In the research Fonken and his colleagues exposed mice to polluted air for six hours each day, five days a week, over a period of 10 months, almost half the average life length of mice. Polluted air contains fine particles created by cars, factories and natural dust. Fine particles of this kind are tiny, about 2.5 micrometers in diameter, or about one-thirtieth the width of a human hair. These particles can go deep into lungs and other organs. The concentration of this particulate material to which they exposed mice is equal to the concentration at which people can be exposed in some polluted urban areas. After a period of 10 months, the researchers got the animals to have a series of behavioral tests. Both the behavior of mice and the results of neurological (神经的) tests done to them show that those within the polluted air had more problems in learning and memory, and higher levels of anxiety. The results suggest that long-time exposure to polluted air can have measurable negative effects on the human brain and can cause a variety of mental health problems. This could have important consequences for those living and working in polluted urban areas. 4．The results of new research on mice first suggest that polluted air mainly does harm to _________ . A．normal organs B．lungs and heart C．mental health D．blood pressure . 5．The bad effects of tiny particles in polluted air are those Except ___________ A．high blood pressure problems C．different kinds of diseases A．are likely to suffer from mental problems C．show little concern for air pollution A．Long-time Exposure to Air Pollution C．Measurable Effect on Human Brain B．making human hair thinner D．swelling in much of the body B．can measure the negative effect on them D．can be exposed to polluted air longer B．Evidence and Concern of Air Pollution D．Mental Problems Caused by Air Pollution
6．From the last sentence we can infer that people living in polluted urban areas ___________ .
7．Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
C From the very beginning of school we make books and reading a constant source of possible failure and public humiliation. When children are little we make them read aloud, before the teacher and other children, so that we can be sure they “know” all the words they are reading. This means that when they don’t know a word, they are going to make a mistake, right in front of everyone. After having taught fifth-grade classes for four years, I decided to try at all costs to rid them of their fear and dislike of books, and to get them to read oftener and more adventurously. One day soon after school had started, I said to them, “Now I’m going to say something about reading that you have probably never heard a teacher say before. I would like you to read a lot of books this year, but I want you to read them only for pleasure. I am not going to ask you questions to find out whether you understand the books or not. If you understand enough of a book to enjoy it and want to go on reading it, that’s enough for me. Also I’m not going to ask you what words mean. “ The children sat stunned and silent. Was this a teacher talking? One girl, who had just come to us from a school where she had had a very hard time, looked at me steadily for a long time after I had finished. Then, still looking at me, she said slowly and seriously, “Mr. Holt, do you really mean that?” I said just as seriously, “I mean every word of it.” During the spring she really astonished me. One day, she was reading at her desk, From a glimpse of the illustrations I thought I knew what the book was. I said to myself, “It can’t be,” and went to take a closer look. Sure enough, she was reading Moby Dick , in edition with woodcuts. I said, “Don’t you find parts of it rather heavy going?” She answered, “Oh, sure, but I just skip over those parts and go on to the next good part. ”
This is exactly what reading should be and in school so seldom is—an exciting, joyous adventure. Find something, dive into it, take the good parts, skip the bad parts, get what you can out of it, go on to something else. How different is our mean-spirited, picky insistence that every child get every last little scrap of “understanding” that can be dug out of a book. 8. According to the passage, children’s fear and dislike of books may result from________. A. reading little and thinking little B. reading often and adventurously C. being made to read too much D. being made to read aloud before others 9. Upon hearing the teacher’s talk, the children probably felt that________. A. it sounded stupid B. it was not surprising at all C. it sounded too good to be true D. it was no different from other teachers' talk 10. Which of the following statements about the girl is TRUE according to the passage? A. She skipped over those easy parts while reading. B. She had a hard time finishing the required reading tasks. C. She learned to appreciate some parts of the difficult books. D. She turned out to be a top student after coming to this school. 11. From the teacher's point of view,_________ . A. children cannot tell good parts from bad parts while reading B. children should be left to decide what to read and how to read C. reading is never a pleasant and inspiring experience in school D. reading involves understanding every little piece of information D If you know exactly what you want, the best route to a job is to get specialized training. A recent survey shows that companies like graduates in such fields as business and health care who can go to work immediately with very little on-the-job training. That’s especially true of booming fields that are challenging for workers. At Cornell’s School of Hotel Administration, for example, bachelor’s degree graduates get an average of four or five job offers and plenty of chances for rapid advancement. Large companies, especially, like a background of formal education coupled with work experience. But in the long run, too much specialization doesn’t pay off. Business, which has been flooded with MBAs, no longer considers the degree an automatic stamp of approval. The MBA may open doors and command a higher salary in the first place, but the impact of a degree washes out after five years. As further evidence of the erosion (销蚀) of corporate (公司的) faith in specialized degrees, Michigan State’s Scheetz states a pattern in corporate hiring practices, although companies tend to take on specialists as new hires, they often seek out generalists for middle and upper-level management. “They want someone who isn’t limited by nuts and bolts to look at the big picture, ” says Scheetz. Time and again labor-market analysts mention a need for talents that liberal-arts majors are thought to have: writing and communication skills, organizational skills, open-mindedness and adaptability, and the ability to analyze and solve problems, David Birch claims he does not hire anybody with an MBA or an engineering degree, “I hire only liberal-arts people because they have a less-than-canned way of doing things,” says Birch. Liberal-arts means an academically thorough and strict program that includes literature, history, mathematics, economics, science, human behavior—plus a computer course or two. With that under your belt, you can feel free to specialize, “A liberal-arts degree coupled with an MBA or some other technical training is a very good combination in the marketplace,” says Scheetz. 12. What kinds of people are in high demand on the job market? A. Students with a bachelor’s degree in humanities. B. People with an MBA degree front top universities. C. People with formal schooling plus work experience. D. People with special training in engineering.
13. By saying “... but the impact of a degree washes out after five years”, the author means ________. A. most MBA programs fail to provide students with a solid foundation B. an MBA degree does not help promotion to managerial positions C. MBA programs will not be as popular in five years’ time as they are now D. in five years people will forget about the degree the MBA graduates have got. 14. David Birch claims that he only hires liberal-arts people because ________. A. they are more capable of handling changing situations B. they can stick to established ways of solving problems C. they are thoroughly trained in a variety of specialized fields D. they have attended special programs in management. 15. Which of the following statements does the author support? A. Specialists are more expensive to hire than generalists. B. Formal schooling is less important than job training. C. On-the-job training is, in the long run, less costly. D. Generalists will do better than specialists in management. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中的两项为多余选项。 What will you do if you can’t eat everything bought in the canteen? 16 . According to a survey , what students waste every year could feed over 10 million people. 17 . According to Xinhua News Agency, the food wasted by Chinese people is about 50 million tons of grain every year, which could feed 200 million people . Food waste, which has become a global issue, serves as a mirror that reflects various cultural and social issues in different countries. In the West, for instance, consumerism, the belief that it’s good to use a lot of goods and services, is often to blame for food waste. 18 . Chinese people are well known for being hospitable and generous. Many even feel that they lose face if their guests have eaten all the food. On campus, a generation of single children is less aware of the food waste issue. Students nowadays are well protected by their families and hardly have any concept of how much toil others go through in order to provide them with the food they eat. 19 . There are 925 million hungry people in the world. They don’t have enough food to eat . And farmers work very hard to grow the crops . 20 . It’s also important that everyone thinks about how they can do their bit to reduce food waste. Recently a campaign against food waste launched on line in China might make you think twice about being so wasteful. A．But canteen waste is merely the tip of the iceberg. B．So we shouldn’t waste our food. C．Students can never realize the serious food waste situation. D．Most of us would simply throw away any leftover food. E. Students waste is extremely serious. F．To reduce food waste is a big task, and it needs time. G．China, in turn, features its own eating culture. 第二部分: 语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节: 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
It took place at the Biltmore Hotel, which, to my eight-year-old mind, was just about the fanciest place to eat. My 21 , my mother, and I were having lunch after a morning spent shopping. I ordered a Salisbury steak. When brought to the table, it was 22 by a plate of peas. I do not like peas now. I did not like peas then. I have always hated peas.
And I 23 was not about to eat them now. “Eat your peas,” my grandmother said. “Mother,” said my mother in her 24 voice. “He doesn't like peas. Leave him 25 .” My grandmother did not reply. She 26 in my direction, looked at me in the eye, and said the fateful words that changed my life: “I'll pay you five dollars if you eat those peas.” I had absolutely no idea of the coming doom. I only knew that five dollars was an enormous, nearly 27 amount of money, and as awful as peas were, only one plate of them stood between me and the 28 of that five dollars. I began to force the terrible things down my 29 . My mother was very angry. My grandmother had that 30 look of someone who has thrown down an unbeatable trump card（王牌）. “I can do what I want, Ellen, and you can't stop me. ”My mother glared at her mother. She glared at me. I, of course, kept shoving peas down my throat. The 31 made me nervous, and every single pea made me want to 32 , but the magical image of that five dollars 33 before me, and I finally swallowed down every last one of them. My grandmother handed me the five dollars in a(n) 34 way. My mother continued to glare in silence. And the 35 ended. Or so I thought. My grandmother left for Aunt Lillian's a few weeks later. That night, at dinner, my mother served my favorite foods. Along with them came a big, steaming bowl of peas. She offered me some peas, and I certainly 36 . My mother fixed me with a cold 37 as she put a huge pile of peas onto my plate. Then came the words that were to 38 me for years. “You ate them for 39 ," she said. "You can eat them for love.” What possible argument could I gather against that? There was none. I ate them that day and every other time they were 40 thereafter. 21. A. grandmother B. sister C. brother D. father 22. A. covered B. accompanied C. replaced D. brought 23. A. passively B. particularly C. sincerely D. certainly 24. A. warning B. pleasant C. terrific D. bored 25. A. away B. behind C. alone D. out 26. A. came B. leaned C. walked D. waved 27. A. unacceptable B. uncertain C. unimaginable D. undeniable 28. A. possession B. thought C. reference D. offer 29. A. mouth B. face C. stomach D. throat 30. A. interested B. surprised C. offensive D. self-satisfied 31. A. peas B. glares C. words D. gestures 32. A. break up B. send up C. throw up D. jump up 33. A. floated B. faded C. escaped D. rolled 34. A. peaceful B. showy C. hurried D. encouraging 35. A. incident B. silence C. lunch D. shopping 36. A. hesitated B. accepted C. refused D. complained 37. A. hand B. voice C. look D. eye 38. A. push B. benefit C. trouble D. cheer 39. A. money B. pressure C. fun D. love 40. A. awarded B. refused C. served D. mentioned
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式（不多于 3 个单词） 。 When I was nine years old, I loved to go fishing with my dad. But the only thing that wasn’t very fun about it was that he could catch many fish 41 I couldn’t catch anything. I usually got pretty upset and kept asking him why. He always answered, “Son, if you want to catch a fish, you have to think like a fish”, I was even more upset then because, “I’m not a fish!” I didn’t know how to think like a fish. As I got a little 42 (old), I began to understand what my dad really 43 (mean). So, I read some books on fish. And I even joined the local fishing club and started attending the 44 (month) meetings. I
learned that a fish is a cold-blooded animal and therefore is very sensitive to water temperature. That is why fish prefer shallow water 45 deep water because the former is warmer. Besides, water is usually warmer in direct sunlight than in the shade… The more I understood fish, the more I became effective at finding and catching them. When I grew up and entered 46 business world, I remember 47 (hear) my first boss say, “We all need to think like sales people.” But it didn’t completely make sense. My dad never once said, “If you want to catch a fish you need to think like a fisherman.” What he said was, “You need to think like a fish.” Years later, with great efforts 48 (promote) long-term services to people who are much senior and richer than me, I gradually learned 49 we all need is to think more like 50 （consume）.
第三部分: 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节: 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Dear Sir, I'm writing to request a valuable chance to be one of the host family for the British students． Locating in a beautiful and quiet neighborhood, our large fully-equipped apartment meets all their needs．In addition the convenient public transportation, our own car can also bring them to some nearby places of interest．With fluent English, I'm sure I will have no difficulty communicate with them．Above all, we have hosted two British students last year, through it we've gained lots of experience．What’s more, my mother is a good cooker and can guarantee us a wonderful chance of tasting delicious Chinese food． I would greatly appreciate you if I could have the chance to host them and make friends with them． Looking forward to your reply． Yours, Li Hua 笫二节: 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是高三学生李华。在一个英文网络论坛上,你看到如下的一个帖子: With the college entrance examination approaching, quite a few students are suffering mental problems. It does great harm to their study and health. What can we do to help those students? 请你回帖，要点如下： 1. 列出某些学生心理焦虑的现象； 2. 提出应该采取的对策（如应对方法和积极态度） 。 注意：1. 文章的开头和结尾已经给出（不计入总词数） ，可适当发挥；
2. 词数：100 左右。 I agree with what you said. It also worries me that many students have some mental problems. _____ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ With the mental problems removed, we will keep in normal mental health and study happily.
( 第八页 草稿纸 )
第一部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题; 每小题 2 分，满分 40 分）
第二部分： 英语知识运用 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
21-30 ABDAC 41. while 46. the
31-40 BCABA CDCAC 44. monthly 49. what 45. to 50. consumers
第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
42. older 47. hearing
43. meant 48. to promote
第三部分：写作 第一节 短文改错 Dear Sir, I'm writing to request a valuable chance to be one of the host family for the British students． families Locating in a beautiful and quiet neighborhood, our large fully-equipped apartment meets all Located their needs．In addition ∧ the convenient public transportation, our own car can also bring them to to take some nearby places of interest．With fluent English, I'm sure I will have no difficulty communicate communicating with them．Above all, we have hosted two British students last year, through it we've gained which lots of experience．What’s more, my mother is a good cooker and can guarantee us a wonderful cook them chance of tasting delicious Chinese food． I would greatly appreciate you if I could have the chance to host them and make friends with them． it Looking forward to your reply． Yours, Li Hua 第二节：书面表达 I agree with what you said. It also worries me that many students have some mental problems. Some students are so worried about exams that they can’t fall asleep at night. Some are discouraged and tend to lose heart because of their failure in exams. Others can’t get along well with their parents or with their classmates. They always feel stressed and easily get angry. In fact, there’re many ways for us to deal with our mental problems. First of all, we can turn to our teachers for help. Second, there is no doubt that communication is of great importance. When we have a talk about our problems with our friends or classmates, we can feel much at ease. Last but not least, we need to develop a positive attitude towards our studies and our life. With the mental problems removed, we will keep in normal mental health and study happily.