2017 届宜春中学新余四中高三开学联考 英语试题
本试卷分第 1 卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题） 。共 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1．答第 1 卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、考号填写在答题卡上。 2．选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡 皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上，否则无效。
第 I 卷（选择题共 100 分） 第一部分听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上，录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 5 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the man mainly do in his free time? A. Watch TV. B. Read books C. Have a walk.
2. Where does the conversation take place? A. At a restaurant. B.At a music hall. C. At a store.
3. What are the speakers mainly discussing? A. What to do with the problem. B. When to talk about the problem. C. How to get to the bank. 4. What was the woman doing when the earthquake happened? A. She was cleaning the bathroom. B. She was washing her hair. C. She was feeding the dog. 5. When will the man make a phone call to the woman?
A. On 14th
C. On 15th.
第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Flight attendant and passenger. B. News reporter and listener. C. Tour guide and traveler. 7. What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Wait for her. B. Fill out a form. C. Know about the city.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What happened to the man? A. He locked himself out.
B. He forgot to lock the front door. C. His house was broken into. 9. What is the woman going to do next? A. Look around the man’s house. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题 10. When is the man leaving? A. In about a week. B. In about a month. C. In a couple of months B. Ask more questions. C.Talk to others.
11. Why is the man going back to New York? A. To visit a friend B. To go sightseeing C. To work on a project.
12. What does the man offer to do? A. Look after the woman’s family. B. Show the woman around New York. C. Find a job for the woman.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where is Essex?
A. In the southeast of England. B. In the northeast of England. C. In the east of England. 14. What does the man think of Brentwood? A. Pleasant B. Ancient C. Inconvenient
15. What has closed down in Brentwood? A. A shopping center B. A health center C. A cinema
16. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A.Some cities in England. B. The man’s hometown. C. The living conditions of London. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题 17. Who is busy due to the weather in Moscow? A. Businessmen B. Drivers C .Road cleaners
18. Why has the number of the university graduates increased in the U.S.? A. There are more universities. B. University students can get good jobs. C. Internet-based courses are popularized.
19. How much time do the 280 kids spend doing homework a day? A．2 hours B. 1.5 hours. C. 0.5 hour.
20. What did the woman in Vancouver want to do? A. Buy an ocean-side house. B. Have a better view from her house. C. Donate some money to the building of a park.
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A This brief book is aimed at high school students, but speaks to anyone learning at any stage
of life. Its formal, serious style closely matches its content, a school-masterly book on schooling. The author, W. H. Armstrong, starts with the basics: reading and writing. In his opinion, reading doesn’t just mean recognizing each word on the page; it means taking in the information, digesting it and incorporating it into oneself just as one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of him. The goal is to bring the information back to life, not just to treat it as dead facts on paper from dead trees. Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other; in fact, the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text. I’ve seen it again and again ： Someone who can’t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as someone who hasn’t read it at all. Only a third of the book remains after that discussion, which Armstrong devotes to specific tips for studying languages, math, science and history. He generally handles these topics thoroughly and equally, except for some weakness in the science and math sections and a bit too much passion(激情）regarding history to his students, that was a hundred times more than my history teachers ever got across. To my disappointment, in this part of the book he ignores the arts. As a matter of fact, they demand all the concentration and study that math and science do, though the study differs slightly in kind. Although it’s commonly believed that the arts can only be naturally acquired, actually, learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics. My other comment is that the text aged. The first edition apparently dates to the 1960s—none of the references(参考文献)seem newer than the late 1950s. As a result, the discussion misses the entire computer age. These are small points, though, and don’t affect the main discussion. I recommend it to any student and any teacher, including the self-taught student. 21. According to Armstrong, what is the goal of reading? A. gain knowledge and expand one’s view B. express ideas based on what one has read C. understand the meaning between the lines D. gets information and keeps it alive in memory 22. The author of the passage insists that learning the arts_________. A. is as natural as learning a language C. is less natural than learning maths 23. What can this passage be classified as? A. an advertisement C. a feature story B. a book review D. a news report B A thief who dropped a winning lottery ticket at the scene of his crime has been given a B. demands real passion D. requires great efforts
lesson in honesty. His victim, who picked up the ticket, then claimed the $25,000 prize, managed t o trace him, and handed over the cash. The robbery happened when maths professor VinicioSabbat ucci, 58, was changing a tire on an Italian motorway. Another motorist, who stopped ―to help‖, stole a suitcase from his car and drove off. The professor found the dropped ticket and put it in his pocket before driving home to Ascoli in eastern Italy. Next day, he saw the lottery results on TV and, taking out the ticket, realized it was a winner. He claimed the 60 million lire(里拉)prize. Then he began a battle with his conscience. Finally, he decided he could not keep the money despite having been robbed. He advertised in newspapers and on the radio, saying, ―I’m trying to find the man who robbed me. I have 60 million lire for hi m—a lottery win. Please meet me. Anonymity(匿名)guaranteed.” Professor Sabbatucci received hundreds of calls from people hoping to trick him into handing them the cash. But there was one voice he recognized and he arranged to meet the man In a park.The robber, a 35‐year-old unemployed father of two, gave back the suitcase and burst into tears. He could not believe what was happening. ―Why didn’t you keep the money?‖ he asked. The professor replied, ―I couldn’t because it’s not mine.‖ Then he walked off, spurning the t hief’s offer of a reward. 24. The sentence ―Then he began a battle with his conscience.‖ in Paragraph 2 implies all of the following except that _________. A. he thought for a moment of avenging himself on the robber B. he hesitated about keeping the money for some time C. he knew what he should do as soon as he saw the lottery results D. he came to realize that honesty is more important than money 25. Why did hundreds of people phone Professor Sabbaturcci ? A.wanted to make fun of him C. knew who the robber was B. hoped to get the money D. lost the lottery ticket
26. How did the robber feel when the victim wanted to find him? A. Excited B. Frightened C. Ashamed D. Incredible
27. If the story appears in a newspaper,what might be the best title ? A. A Thief’s Lucky Day C. A Magic Lottery B. A Popular Maths Professor D. A Reward of Honesty
C There are two types of people in this world: those who regularly wash their office coffee cup. And those who only take it off their desk to cover up the coffee mark at the bottom with a fresh pour, driving away their shame with the reasoning that the heat must kill the bacteria or spine thing. Depending on which type of person you are, this will be either mildly annoying or more-than-mildly exciting. As Heidi Mitchell wrote in a recent Wall Street Journal column, it’s fine to never wash your cup, as long as you’re not sharing it with anybody else. There are two warnings to that statement, infectious-disease expert Jeffrey Strake, a professor at Baylor College of Medicine, told Mitchell; One, it only applies if you’re not sharing the cup with anybody else. And two , if you leave cream or sugar in your cup over the weekend, that can certainly cause mold(霉) to grow – in which case, wash it out. Otherwise, though, there’s not really much to worry about. ―If I went and cultured the average unwashed coffee cup, of course I would find bacteria.‖ Starke said. ―But remember the vast majority came from the person who used the cup.‖ Even if you drink from it while sick, it’s pretty hard to re-infect yourself with the same cup; most viruses don’t live long outside the body, which means that just letting your cup live in its own dirt may be a safer bet than the alternative; cleaning it with the disgusting sponge(海绵) in the office kitchen ―The sponge in the break room probably has the highest bacteria count of anything in the office.‖ Starke said if the idea of not washing horrifies you , just stick the sponge in the microwave before using. Otherwise, though, reel free to continue your lazy ways without guilt. 28. What does the passage intend to tell us? A. It is harmful to drink coffee with sugar. B. It’s okay not to wash your coffee cup regularly. C.The hot water contributes to the bacteria growing. D. Drinking from unwashed coffee cups causes diseases easily. 29. What do we know from Stark’s words? A. The coffee cup in the office must be put in the microwave to clean. B. It’s easy to get infected if you often use the same unwashed cup. C. The coffee cup shouldn’t be shared in the office.
D. It’s good way to grow bacteria in an unwashed cup. 30. What does the underlined part ―your lazy ways‖ refer to ? A. Leaving your coffee cup unwashed. C. Using Paper cups only in the office 31. Where does the passage probably come from? A. A travel brochure. C. An official statement. D You are enrolled in a full – time school called ―life‖. Each day in this school you will have the opportunity to learn lessons. You may like the lessons or hate them, but you have designed them as part of your curriculum. Why are you here? What is your purpose? Humans have sought to discover the meaning of life for a very long time. What we and our ancestors have overlooked, however, is that there is no one answer. The meaning of life is different for every individual. Each person has his or her own purpose and distinct path, unique and separate from anyone else’s. As you travel your life path, you will be presented with numerous lessons that you will need to learn in order to fulfill that purpose. The lessons you are presented with are specific to you; learning these lessons is the key to discovering and fulfilling the meaning and connection of your own life. As you travel through your lifetime, you may encounter challenging lessons that others don’t have to face, while other spends years struggling with challenges that you don’t need to deal with. You may never know why you are blessed with a wonderful marriage, while your friends suffer through bitter arguments and painful divorces, just as you cannot be sure why you struggle financially while your peers enjoy abundance. The only thing you can count on for certain is that you will be presented with all the lessons that you specifically need to learn; whether you choose to learn them or not is entirely up to you. B. A science magazine. D. An entertainment program. B. Sticking the sponge in the microwave D. Cleaning your coffee cup with sponge.
The challenge here, therefore, is to align (与……保持一致) yourself with your own unique path by learning individual lessons. This is one of the most difficult challenges you will be faced with in your lifetime, as sometimes your path will be completely different from others’. But, remember, don’t compare your path to the people around you and focus on the difference between their lessons and yours. You need to remember that you will only be faced with lessons that you are capable of learning and are specific to your own growth. Our sense of fairness is the expectation of equality – the assumption that all things are equal and justice will always prevail. Life is not, in fact, fair, and you may indeed have a more difficult life path than others around you, deserved or not. Everyone’s circumstances are unique, and everyone needs to handle his or her own circumstances differently. If you want to move toward calm, you will be required to move out of the complaining phase of ―it’s not fair‖. Focusing on the unfairness of circumstances keeps you comparing yourself with others rather than appreciating your own special uniqueness. You miss out on learning your individual lessons by distracting yourself with feelings of bitterness and anger. 32. According to the passage, how can the meaning of your life be realized? A. Having the same opinions as others. B. Taking the distinct path from others. C. Learning the lessons presented to you. D. Doing the different things from others. 33. What can we conclude from the passage ? A. everyone has his own track to follow B. the same things usually happen to the peers C. a painful divorce must lie in financial problems D. a wealthy man must have a wonderful marriage 34. In your lifetime, the lessons you are faced with_________. A. are beyond your power B. keep you from growth
C. limit your development D. help you with your success 35. Which of the following is TRUE? A. All things are equal and justice will always prevail.(流行) B. You should learn to appreciate your specific uniqueness. C. One has to fix his mind on unfairness of circumstances. D. You have to complain ―it’s not fair‖ whenever possible.
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Personally, I believe that the female brain is mainly built for empathy—the ability to understand other people—and that the male brain is mainly built for building systems. 36 For
example, women are more likely to read magazines on fashion and parenting, while men will choose magazines featuring computers and sport. You may think that these preferences are influenced by the way people are taught to behave when they are growing up. However, this is not the case. A new study carried out at Cambridge University shows that newborn girls look longer at a face, and newborn boys look longer at a mobile. 37 It has also been observed that girls are better at noticing signs of changes in other
people’s feelings. Boys, however, seem to enjoy building toy towers and playing with toys having clear functions. 38 People whose jobs are in the construction industries are almost male. Math and engineering, which require high levels of systems-thinking, are also male-chosen disciplines. Why do men and women have the difference? Actually women have four times as many brain neurons that connect the right and left part of their brains. Because of it, women have a better ability to multitask than men. 39 Men tend to focus on a limited number of problems at a time.
They will separate themselves from problems and view tasks as independent from one another. Some people may worry that I am suggesting one gender is better than the other, but this is not the case. My theory says that males and females differ in the kinds of things that they find easy, but that both genders have their strengths and weaknesses. 40 It is not true. The study simply
looks at males and females as two groups, and asks what differences exist and why they are there. A. Generally speaking, there are clear differences. B. You can see the same kind of pattern in the adult workplace. C. Their preference for building systems may change over time. D. They will consider many sources of information at the same time. E. It is important to stress that the female brain may be built more for empathy. F. That suggests certain differences between male and female brains are biological. G. Others may think the theory creates a belief of what a particular type of person is like.
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I was in desperate need of a break. The ―witching hour‖ was upon us once again, dinner was burning on the stove, and fights were ending and I was bedtime. I 44 in the 43 a friend who has four children the same ages as mine, and she was in a similar 45 the same meeting that night. I could hear the screaming 47 the phone to pick up the 48 . Couldn’t there be a 42 41 between my two children. The crying was never-
the end of my rope. But I was holding down the fort until way after
. Our husbands were 46
, interrupted by Jen’s shouting. She kept
baby because he was crying. It seemed as if we were all suffering way for us to break up the sameness? 49 !
The first play date was at Jen’s house the following Wednesday at 4:00 pm. My daughter into the basement playroom with the other children. Jen and I sat just company. 51
We ordered a pizza and salad, and all of the children actually ate their dinner. My kids aren’t
big salad fans, but if other kids are eating it, rapidly. Jen and I did the all danced to a music DVD 53 54
it’s cool. The entire large pizza was eaten up
together. When we were done, we invited them back and they it was time to go. My kids went 55 to bed when we got 56 her similar
home. I felt rejuvenated(恢复活力的). The e-mail from Jen the next morning feelings. We were on to something and it had to 57 . 58
The following Wednesday play date was at my house, and it was had a great time 59
the same. The kids
. Watching kids play together without fighting is a truly great thing. 60 my children as little people. D. dying down D. by D. visited D. stage D. join D. background D. talking D. slightly D. Maybe D. dragged D. enjoying D. oppositely D. dancing D. after D. right D. brought D. continue D. accurately
Wednesday night gives me a chance to sit and really 41. A. breaking up 42. A.on 43. A. met 44. A. situation 45. A. attending 46. A. environment 47. A. throwing 48. A. differently 49. A. Surprisingly 50. A. hid 51. A. appreciating 52. A. apparently 53. A. cleaning 54. A. when 55. A. slowly 56. A. announced 57. A. improve 58. A. usually B. breaking out B. in B. called B. condition B. holding B. atmosphere B. holding B. regularly B. Absolutely B. fell B. expecting B. surprisingly B. washing B. unless B. actively B. explained B. start B. exactly
C. fading away C. at C. invited C. consideration C. participate C. consequence C. dropping C. equally C. Perhaps C. disappeared C. imaging C. similarly C. cooking C. until C. unwillingly C. confirmed C. stop C. generally B. wearing themselves out D. giving themselves away C. observe
59. A. making themselves up C. setting themselves apart 60. A. understand B. notice
第 II 卷
注意：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Time and age are not the things we appreciate or look forward to. But the world’s oldest cities most of us want to visit, Luoyang is one of the most cities in the world that I recommend you to visit. While most old cities 63 (locate) in the Mediterranean(地中海), Luoyang 64 61 62 it comes to . (fascinate)
(stand) out as the oldest continually inhabited city in Asia. It is included to the Seven Ancient Capitals of China. The city is also considered the cradle of Chinese culture and history. There is 65 66 (be) geographical center of China and other city in China that has seen so 67 more than
many dynasties and emperors like Luoyang. The city has been inhabited 4,000 years and nowadays it is populated by nearly 7,000,000 people. With such a long and exciting history, Luoyang has 68
(real) a lot to offer. The
Longmen Grottoes , which was included to the list of World Heritage Sites in 2000, and numerous historic Buddhist temples are real 69 (attract) for tourists from all over the world. 70 (build) in China.
Luoyang is also famed for the White Horse Temple, the first temple Have you ever visited the city?
第四部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节短文改错 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处，每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加，删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^）,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
Amanda has been awarded the Star Student for that she did for our class. Last
Saturday, Amanda went to downtown and walked from one store to another, looking for the costumes we would wear in the singing contest. While the rest of us are enjoying our leisure time in the cool and comfortably room, she spent the whole afternoon searching and selecting. Finally, she found the right cloth. Deeply moved by his efforts, we tried our best and won first prize in contest. Amanda is always warm-hearted and care a lot about the class. Besides, she often devotes her spare time to help others. She has set a good example for us. However, she deserves the honor and we should learn from her.
第二节书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华，计划寒假找份兼职工作。下面的招聘广告引起了你的注意，请根据要点 （箭头所指内容）写一封申请信。 Yes. I’m interested. Winter Jobs Could you be an ASSISTANT TEACHER for self-introduction (personality, fluency in English,…) Children’s winter camp Excellent pay for working with children Work with native teachers from England English-only classes Work evenings and weekends for 2 weeks For more information, write to Mr. Smith 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可适当增加细节使行文连贯； 3. 开头已经给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Mr. Smith, I’ve read your advertisement for an assistant teacher for a children’s winter camp. I can start working from… No problem
Yours sincerely, Li Hua 参考答案 1-5 BABBA 6-10 ABCAA 11-15 CBAAC 16-20 BCCCB
21-23 BDB 24‐27 CBDA 28-31 BCAB 32-35 CADB 36-40 AFBDG 41-45 BCBAA 46-50 DCCBC 51-55 DAACD 第二节 语法填空 61.when 66. no 短文改错 71.that-what 72. to 去掉 73. are-were 74. comfortably-comfortable 75. cloth-clothes 76. his-her 77. 加 the 78. care-cares 79. help-helping 80. However-Therefore 62.fascinating 67. For 63. are located 68. really 64.stands 69.attractions 65. to be 70. built 56-60 CDBBC
第二节书面表达（满分 25 分） Dear Mr. Smith, I’ve read your advertisement for an assistant teacher for a children’s winter camp. I’m quite
interested in this position and I think my personality and experience will qualify me for the job. I’m outgoing, energetic, well-organized and responsible. And most importantly, I love working with children! In the past two years, as the monitor in my class, I have proved myself to be an excellent helper to my teachers. I speak fluent English, which enables me to help native English teachers communicate freely and effectively with students in an English-only environment. I will soon have a three-week winter vacation, so I have no problem working on evenings and weekends. I can start working from the end of this month. I would appreciate it if you could give me this opportunity. Looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua