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武汉市部分重点中学2014--2015学年度上学期高二期末测试英语试题

武汉市部分重点中学 2014~2015 学年度上学期高二期末测试 英 语 试 卷
命题人 :武汉开发区一中 龚朝霞 审题人: 杨春宏 本试题卷共 81 题。全卷满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。

★ 祝考试顺利★
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到 答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. ?19.15. B. ?9.15. 答案:B 1. What part of the man’s body got injured? A. His knee. B. His foot. 2. 3. 4. 5. Where is Larry now? A. In his office. B. At home. What does the man like doing? A. Talking. B. Walking. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Which movie to see. B. Where to go. What do we know about the man? A. He can’t find Bob’s apartment. B. He is late for the woman’s birthday party. C. ?9.18.

C. His leg. C. In a classroom. C. Dancing. C. Where to park.

C. He thought today was the woman’s birthday. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各 个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟; 听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的做答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. How many nights will the woman stay? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. 7. What kind of room does the woman want? A. One with two beds and one with one bed. B. One with two beds and one with no bed. C. One with one bed and one with no bed. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. Where are the speakers? A. At a market. B. At a restaurant. C. At the woman’s company. 9. Why is the woman happy?
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A. She has found a good job. B. She has just got a pay raise. C. The man invites her to drink. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How will the speakers celebrate James’ birthday? A. They’ll buy him a book. B. They’ll hold a party at Kelly’s. C. They’ll go to see a film with him. 11. What will the boy do first after school? A. Go to the bookstore. B. Review his lessons. 12. When will the speakers meet? A. At 4:00. B. At 4:15. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. At a company. B. At the woman’s house. 14. What is the man? A. A student. B. A doorkeeper. 15. What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Keep the living room clean. B. Turn off the TV. C. Make phone calls at night. 16. What should the man do if he wants to have a long talk on the phone? A. Go to the end of the road. B. Make the phone at midnight. C. Ask the woman for permission. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the big hall mainly used for? A. Parents’ meetings. B. Music lessons. 18. When can children use the library on their own? A. At any time of the day. B. Between lessons. 19. Where is the speaker’s office? A. Beside the reception desk. B. Opposite the library. 20. How often do children use the computer room? A. At least twice a day. B. At least once a day. C. In a dormitory. C. A teacher.

C. Go to Kelly’s. C. At 4:50.

C. Sports activities. C. After school. C. Behind the water machine. C. At least once a week.

第二部分 词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. He will be Hamlet in the play, which will be on show next Sunday. The role will be the biggest __________ of his acting career. A. patience B. challenge C. responsibility D. contribution 22. The statistics show that in 2014 the number of college graduates in China is the biggest, so there is a __________ for unemployment to rise this year. A. presentation B. circumstance C. tendency D. phenomenon
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23. ---Where is Bob? I can’t find him anywhere in the supermarket to help me with the job. ---He was fired by the manager as he was __________ of cheating customers. A. accused B. charged C. scolded D. cursed 24. How can we acquire good reading skills? One way is to study the techniques that good readers use and then __________ them in your own reading. A. admit B. admire C. adapt D. adopt 25. After a long discussion, Pearl, one of my best friends, did not _________ my proposal, which, of course, made me rather disappointed. A. refer to B. appeal to C. relate to D. subscribe to 26. Having struggled for a long time, the mad woman seemed to be controlled at last. However, she suddenly _________ her husband and ran to the river nearby. A. broke away from B. broke in C. broke up D. broke through

27. In spite of the continuous efforts of planting trees by the organization in this area every year, the tops of some hills are still ________. A. blank B. hollow C. vacant D. bare 28. We’d better make a more _________ working timetable so that we can have some time to deal with our own matters. A. casual B. flexible C. minimum D. contradictory 29. Your plan to travel on your own in Tibet in the next summer vacation is ________ impossible. You have no experience as well as company. A. originally B. eventually C. constantly D. absolutely

30. After school, I was left alone in the kindergarten, but my teacher told me she wouldn’t let me go unless my father comes to pick me up _________. A. in time B. in addition C. in the flesh D. in place 第二节 完 形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Last week I was invited to a doctor ’s meeting at the Ruth hospital for incurables. In one of the wards a patient, an old man, got up shakily from his bed and moved towards me. I could see that he hadn’t long to ___31___, but he came up to me and placed his right foot close to mine on the floor. “Frank! ” I cried in astonishment. He couldn’t ___32___, as I knew, but all the time ___33___ his foot against mine. My ___34___ raced back more than thirty years to the ___35___ days of 1941, when I was a student in London. The ___36___ was an air-raid shelter, in which I and about a hundred other people slept every night. Two of the regulars were Mrs. West and her son Frank. ___37___ wartime problems, we shelter-dwellers got to ___38___ each other very well. Frank West ___39___ me because he wasn’t ___40___, not even at birth. His mother told me he was 37 then, but he had ___41___ of a mind than a baby has. His “___42___” consisted of rough sounds——sounds of pleasure or anger and ___43___ more. Mrs. West, then about 75, was a strong, capable woman, as she had to be, of course, because Frank ___44___ on her entirely. He needed all the ___45___ of a baby. One night a policeman came and told Mrs. West that her house had been flattened by a
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500-pounder. She ___46___ nearly everything she owned. When that sort of thing happened, the rest of us helped the ___47___ ones. So before we ___48___ that morning, I stood beside Frank and ___49___ my right foot against his. They were about the same size. That night, then, I took a pair of shoes to the shelter for Frank. But as soon as he saw me he came running and placed his right foot against mine. After that, his ___50___ to me was always the same. 31. A. work B. stay C. live D. expect 32. A. answer 33. A. covering 34. A. minds 35. A. better 36. A. cave 37. A. Discussing 38. A. learn from 39. A. needed 40. A. normal 41. A. more 42. A. word 43. A. not 44. A. fed 45. A. attention 46. 47. 48. 49. A. lost A. troublesome A. separated A. pushed B. speak B. moving B. memories B. dark B. place B. Solving B. talk to B. recognized B. common B. worse B. speech B. no B. kept B. control B. needed B. unlucky B. went B. tried B. greeting C. smile C. fighting C. thoughts C. younger C. sight C. Sharing C. help C. interested C. unusual C. fewer C. sentence C. something C. lived C. treatment C. destroyed C. angry C. reunited C. showed C. meeting D. laugh D. pressing D. brains D. old D. scene D. Suffering D. know D. encouraged D. quick D. less D. language D. nothing D. depended D. management D. left D. unpopular D. returned D. measured D. acting

50. A. nodding

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A An epidemic (流行病) of the use of street-culture language broke out in some English exams, according to examiners. A report said there were “a surprising number of small mistakes” in standard (标准) English. It asked teachers that they should prevent pupils from using "street language and text style", adding, “Most answers require formal expression of language.” “Many concerns were expressed by examiners about basic errors, often appearing in the work of clearly able students,” the report continued. It added that the use of street and text language “appeared with surprisingly regularity in the work of students who clearly desired a higher grade”. “Most answers require formal expression but even when an informal style is appropriate -students should know the examination context and, in particular, should not use street language and text style.” it said. There is rising concern about pupils’ writing skills, especially among boys. National test results for 11-year-old boys’ writing standards had fallen this year. Only 55 percent reached the level expected of an 1l-year-old by the time they left primary school, the results showed.
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Many educationalists are now arguing that teachers should also think of ways of improving writing standards. The report said spelling was “in general inconsistent (不一致)” and “variety of vocabulary and of sentence structure is often limited”. It went on, “Punctuation (标点符号) errors continue to be widespread.” However, it added, “Some examiners felt that this year they had met an improvement in the whole structure of students' writing.” 51. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. The street-culture language is being examined in English exams. B. Street language is appearing in the Standard English exams. C. English say no to the street-culture language in daily life. D. What the street-culture language is in England. 52. The underlined word “appropriate” (in Paragraph 3) means “_______” A. comfortable B. possible C. acceptable D. valuable 53. What problems concerned examiners? A. Small mistakes in spelling and punctuation, B. Limited vocabulary of boy pupils. C. Teachers teaching writing skills. D. Poor sentence structure, and errors in spelling and standard English. 54. How does the author feel in writing this passage? A. worried but positive B. worried and negative C. concerned and sad D. warm and excited B

After too long on the Net, even a phone call can be a shock. My boyfriend’s Liverpudlian accent suddenly becomes too difficult to understand after his clear words on screen; a secretary’s tone seems more rejecting than I’d imagined it would be. Time itself becomes fluid—hours become minutes, and alternately seconds stretch into days. Weekends, once a highlight of my week, are now just two ordinary days. For the last three years, since I stopped working as a producer for Charlie Rose, I have done much of my work as a telecommuter. I submit(提交) articles and edit them by E-mail and communicate with colleagues on Internet mailing lists. My boyfriend lives in England; so much of our relationship is computer-mediated. If I desired, I could stay inside for weeks without wanting anything. I can order food, and manage my money, love and work. In fact, at times I have spent as long as three weeks alone at home, going out only to get mail and buy newspapers and groceries. I watched most of the blizzard of 96 on TV. But after a while, life itself begins to feel unreal. I start to feel as though I’ve merged(融合) with my machines, taking data in, spitting them back out, just another node(波节) on the Net. Others on line report the same symptoms. We start to strongly dislike the outside forms of socializing. It’s like attending an A. A .meeting in a bar with everyone holding a half sipped drink. We have become the Net opponents’ worst nightmare. What first seemed like a luxury, crawling from bed to computer, not worrying about hair, and clothes and face, has become avoidance (逃避) , a lack of discipline. And once you start replacing real human contact with cyber interaction, coming back out of the cave can be quite difficult. At times, I turn on the television and just leave it to chatter in the background, something that I’d never done previously. The voices of the programs relax me, but then I’m jarred by the
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commercials. I find myself sucked in by soap operas, or needing to keep up with the latest news and the weather. “Dateline”, “Frontline” , “Nightline,” CNN, New York 1, every possible angle of every story over and over and over, even when they are of no possible use to me. Work moves from foreground to background. 55. The passage implies that the author and her boyfriend live in______. A. the same city B. the same country C. different countries D. different cities in England 56. What does the last paragraph mean? A. Having worked on the computer for too long, she became a bit strange. B. Sometimes TV programs give her comfort and even make her forget her work. C. She watches TV a lot in order to keep up with the latest news and the weather. D. She turns on TV now and then in order to get some valuable information. 57. What is the author’s attitude to the computer? A. At first she likes it but later becomes tired of it. B. She likes it because it is very convenient. C. She dislikes it because TV is more attractive. D. She likes it because it provides an imaginary world. 58. The underlined phrase “coming back out of the cave” probably means______. A. going back to the dreaming world B. coming back home from the outside world C. bringing back direct human contact D. getting away from living a strange life C Poet William Stafford once said that we are defined more by the detours (绕行路) in life than by the narrow road toward goals. I like this image. But it was quite by accident that I discovered the deep meaning of his words. For years we made the long drive from our home in Seattle to my parents' home in Boise in nine hours. We traveled the way most people do: the fastest, shortest, easiest road, especially when I was alone with four noisy, restless kids who hate confinement (限制) and have strong opinions about everything. Road trips felt risky,so I would drive fast, stopping only when I had to. We would stick to the freeways and arrive tired. But then Banner, our lamb was born. He was rejected by his mama days before our planned trip to Boise. I had two choices: leave Banner with my husband, or take him with me. My husband made the decision for me. That is how I found myself on the road with four kids, a baby lamb and nothing but my everlasting optimism to see me through. We took the country roads out of necessity. We had to stop every hour, let Banner shake out his legs and feed him. The kids chased him and one another. They'd get back in the car breathless and energized, smelling fresh from the cold air. We explored side roads, catching grasshoppers in waist-high grass. Even if we simply looked out of the car windows at baby pigs following their mother, or fish leaping out of the water, it was better than the best ride down the freeway. Here was life. And new horizons(见识). We eventually arrived at my parents' doorstep astonishingly fresh and full of stories. I grew brave with the trip back home and creative with my disciplining technique. On an
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empty section of road, everyone started quarreling. I stopped the car, ordered all kids out and told them to meet me up ahead. I parked my car half a mile away and read my book in sweet silence. Some road trips are by necessity fast and straight. But that trip with Banner opened our eyes to a world available to anyone adventurous enough to wander around and made me realize that a detour may uncover the best part of journey—and the best part of yourself. 59. Why did the author use to take freeways to her parents' home? A. It was less tiring. B. It would be faster and safer. C. Her kids would feel less confined. D. She felt better with other drivers nearby. 60. The author stopped regularly on the country roads to A. relax in the fresh air B. take a deep breath C. take care of the lamb D. let the kids play with Banner 61. Why did the author ask the kids to get out of the car on their way back home? A. To give herself some time to read. B. To order some food for them. C. To play a game with them. D. To let them cool down. 62. What could be the best title for the passage? A. Charm of the Detour B. The Road to Bravery C. Creativity out of Necessity D. Road Trip and Country Life D Scientists have long understood the key role that oceans play in regulating the Earth’s climate. Oceans cover 70 percent of the globe and store a thousand times more heat than the atmosphere does. What’s newer is the understanding of how this key component of our climate system responds to global warming. A brake on global warming—for now One of the ocean’s most important climate functions is absorbing heat and carbon dioxide (CO2), one of the gases that cause global warming. Acting as a heat sponge, the oceans have absorbed huge amounts of heat and CO2 in the last forty years. Fujita explains that “the oceans are saving us from faster climate change—they are a big flywheel that delays rapid overheating of the earth, putting a brake on the climate system.” “That’s the good news,”he adds.“The bad news is that the oceans only slow the atmospheric warming. Once the oceans come to balance with a greenhouse-gas warmed earth, the extreme heat will remain in the atmosphere and things will get much hotter.” But where and how the oceans release this accumulated heat is uncertain. And as the ocean stores heat, fragile underwater ecosystems are struggling. The most recent scientific report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) also notes with concern that the ocean is acidifying because of increased absorption of atmospheric CO2, and thus causing a threat for shell-forming species. Sharp increases in carbon
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________.

dioxide levels will cause further acidification of the ocean. Currents distributing heat Another important role the oceans play is that of distributor. Oceans deliver heat and life-sustaining nutrients around the globe. Just as blood vessels bring oxygen and nutrients to cells in the human body, the ocean’s currents carry oxygen, nutrients and heat throughout the Earth. The ocean distributes 25 to 50 percent of the energy the planet receives from the sun. For example, the Gulf Stream carries heat across the Atlantic. This warm current gives northwestern Europe a milder climate than it would normally have so far north. A change to the ocean’s circulation (循环) patterns could throw Europe into a colder period, even as the rest of world experiences warmer temperatures. 63. We can infer from the passage that _____. A. the oceans cause global warming B. the ocean ecosystems face more dangers C. the oceans release nutrients and heat D. the oceans stop global warming 64. From the passage we can learn that the ocean’s currents _____. A. distribute heat and nutrients around B. produce oxygen and nutrients everywhere C. absorb 25~50% of the energy from the sun D. change the ocean’s circulation patterns 65. Which of the following is NOT the result of the ocean absorbing heat and carbon dioxide? A. It causes further acidification. B. It affects shell-forming species. C. It regulates the Earth’s climate. D. It makes the atmosphere hotter. 66. This passage mainly talks about ______. A. global warming B. the roles of oceans C. ocean currents D. carbon dioxide E Blogging may have psychological(心理的) benefits for teens suffering from social anxiety, improving their self-esteem and helping them relate better to their friends, according to the new research published by the American Psychological Association. “Research has shown that writing a personal diary and other forms of expressive writing are a great way to release emotional stress and just feel better,” said the study's lead author, Meyran Boniel-Nissim, PhD, of the University of Haifa, Israel. “Teens are online anyway, so blogging enables free expression and easy communication with others.” Blogging has a stronger positive effect on troubled students' well-being than merely expressing their social anxieties and concerns in a private diary, according to the article published online in the APA journal Psychological Services. Opening the blog up to comments from the online community strengthens those effects. The researchers randomly surveyed high school students in Israel, who had agreed to fill out a questionnaire about their feelings on the quality of their social relationships. A total of 161 students -- 124 girls and 37 boys, with an average age of 15 -- were selected because their scores on the survey showed they all had some level of social anxiety or stress. All the teens reported
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difficulty in making friends or relating to the friends they had. The researchers assessed the teens' self-esteem, everyday social activities and behaviors before, immediately after and two months after the 10-week experiment. Four groups of students were assigned to blog. Two of those groups were told to focus their posts on their social problems, with one group opening the posts to comments; the other two groups could write about whatever they wanted and, again, one group opened the blog up to comments. The number and content of comments were not evaluated for this experiment. The students could respond to comments but that was not required. Two more groups acted as controls -- either writing a private diary about their social problems or doing nothing. Participants in the writing and blogging groups were told to post messages at least twice a week for 10 weeks. Four experts, who held master's or doctor’s degrees in consulting and psychology, assessed the bloggers' social and emotional condition via their blog posts. Students were assessed as having a poor social and emotional state if they wrote a lot about personal problems or bad relationships or showed evidence of low self-esteem. Self-esteem, social anxiety, emotional stress and the number of positive social behaviors improved significantly for the bloggers when compared to the teens that did nothing and those who wrote private diaries. Bloggers who were instructed to write specifically about their difficulties and whose blogs were open to comments improved the most. All of these results agreed with the two- month follow-up. The authors admitted that the skewed(有偏向的) sex rate was a limitation to the study. However, the researchers analyzed the results separately by gender and found that boys and girls reacted similarly to the experiment and there were no major differences. However, they said future research should attempt to control the subject’s sex. 67. The selection of students for the experiment was largely based on____. A. their social relationships B. their self-esteem C. their problems in social life D. their willingness to fill out a questionnaire 68. What’s the function of “controls” (Paragraph 4) in the experiment? A. To write down some social problems in a private diary. B. To post messages to the blog and respond to comments. C. To help evaluate the number and content of blog comments. D. To offer a comparison for checking the experimental result. 69. From the experiment we can know that____. A. writing private diaries makes no difference to the relief of one’s emotional stress. B. teenagers opening their blogs up to comments have more psychological benefits. C. the positive effects of expressing one’s emotions by blogging don’t last very long. D. those describing bad relationships on blogs tend to develop more mental problems. 70. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. The authors insisted that all the research findings were accurate. B. Sex rate had been taken into account before the survey was conducted. C. The authors were intended to improve the experiment in the future. D. Similar reactions of boys and girls indicated the failure of the experiment. 第四部分 书面表达(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 完成句子(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分)
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71. Today is Mary’s birthday and she is pleased to have received a bunch of flowers with _____________________________, saying “Happy birthday!” (attach) 今天是玛丽的生日;她很开心收到了一束花,上面附有一张卡片,写着“生日快乐!”。 72. I was almost late for class this morning. Hardly _________________________the classroom when the bell rang. (enter) 今天早上我差点迟到了。我一进教室,上课铃就响了。 73. It’s strongly recommended that new measures ______________________ reduce the emission of carbon dioxide, which may cause global warming. (take) 强烈建议采取新的措施来减少二氧化碳的排放量。二氧化碳的排放可能造成全球变暖。 74. The job is so tough that ____________________________________, I can’t finish it through my own efforts. (as) 这份任务如此之难,以至于虽然我尝试了几次,依然无法独立完成它。 75. There ______________________________ on the spot, the investigation of the police was delayed for the absence of the information of the crime. (be) 因为现场没有目击者,所以警方对这一犯罪案的调查因缺乏有关信息而延误了。 76. ___________________________ his stepmother to do all the housework for years, he couldn’t put up with it any longer and burst into tears. (abuse) 多年来一直被继母虐待去做所有的家务,他不能忍受了,大哭了起来。 77. Had he not had an eye for western arts, he __________________________ the painting drawn by Vincent Van Gogh.(appeal) 如果他对西方艺术没有鉴赏力,他就不可能被那幅文森特.梵高所画的画吸引。 78. Can you tell me __________________________ that said “He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man”? (who) 你可以告诉我究竟是谁说的“不到长城非好汉”吗? 79. The new scientific equipment __________________________find out when and where a volcano may erupt and how dangerous it is. (make) 这种新的科技设备使查清什么时间及地点火山会爆发,以及查清它的危险等级更容易。 80. Don’t worry, Jack. You are of vital importance to our department and the company. __________________________ by the boss, the whole department would go with you, including me. (fire) 别担心,杰克。你对我们部门和公司而言都是至关重要的。如果你被老板开除的话,整 个部门的人,包括我,都会跟你一起走的。 第二节 短文写作(满分 30 分) 请根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写一篇短文。 Stress is like a wall in the way, overcome it and then you'll go further. 注意:① 无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; ② 除诗歌外,文体不限; ③ 文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称; ④ 词数为 120 左右。

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