高一英语名词性从句练习题 第一部分：基础题 1. _______ makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. （2006 年辽宁省高 考题） A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever 2. —It’s thirty years since we last met. —But I still remember the story, believe it or not, _______ we got lost on a rainy night.（2006 年四川省高考题） A. which B. that C. what D. when 3. See the flags on top of the building? That was _______ we did this morning.（2006 年全国 I 高 考题） A. when B. which C. where D. What 4. —Could you do me a favor? —It depends on _______ it is. （2006 年北京高考题） A. which B. whichever C. what D. whatever 5. These shoes look very good. I wonder _______. （2006 年上海春季高考题） A. how much cost they are B. how much do they cost C. how much they cost D. how much are they cost 6. Doris' success lies in the fact _______ she is co-operative and eager to learn from others.（2006 年上海春季高考题） A. which B. that C. when D. why 7. Mary wrote an article on _______ the team had failed to win the game. （2005 年全国 I 高考 题） A. why B. what C. who D. that 8. Do you have any idea _______ is actually going on in the classroom?（2005 年辽宁省高考题） A. that B. what C. as D. which 9. —Why does she always ask you for help? —There is no one else _______, is there? （2005 年北京高考题） A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn 10. Elephants have their own way to tell the shape of an object and _______ it is rough or smooth. （2005 年天津高考题） A. / B. whether C. how D. what 11. Danny left word with my secretary _______ he would call again in the afternoon. （2005 年浙江省高考题） A. who B. that C. as D. which 12. Mum is coming. What present _______ for your birthday? （2005 年福建省高考题） A. you expect she has got B. you expect has she got C. do you expect she has got D. do you expect has she got 13. The way he did it was different ________ we were used to. （2005 年江西省高考题） A. in which B. in what C. from what D. from which 14. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer _______ it was 20 years ago, _______ it was so poorly equipped. （2005 年安徽省高考题） A. what; when B. that; which C. what; which D. which; that 15. Some researchers believe that there is no doubt ________ a cure for AIDS will be found. （2005
年广东省高考题） A. which B. that C. what D. whether 第二部分：强化题 1. We haven’ t settled the question of _______ it is necessary for him to study abroad. （2006 年江 苏省高考题） A. if B. where C. whether D. that 2. A warm thought suddenly came to me _______I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday.（2006 年安徽省高考题） A. if B. when C. that D. which 3. There is much chance _______ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. （2006 年天 津高考题） A. that B. which C. until D. if 4. Please remind me _______ he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. （2006 年全国 I 高考题） A. where B. when C. how D. what 5. We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of them came up to us. _______ we gave some bells and glasses. （2006 年湖南省高考题） A. to which B. to whom C. with whom D. with which 6. With his work completed, the businessman stepped back to his seat, feeling pleased _______ he was a man of action. （2006 年湖南省高考题） A. which B. that C. what D. whether 7. _______ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. （2006 年山东 省高考题） A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever 8. I just wonder that makes him so excited. （2006 年山东省高考题） A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is 9. _______ is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger , more prosperous economy. （2006 年浙江省高考题） A. As B. That C. This D. It 10. Nobody believed his reason for being absent form the class _______ he had to meet his uncle at the airport. （2006 年重庆高考题） A. why B. that C. where D. because 11. The shopkeeper did not want to sell for _______ he thought was not enough. （2005 年山东省 高考题） A. where B. how C. what D. which 12. He noticed that the straight part of the dance was different in the afternoon from _______ it had been in the morning. （2006 年宜昌市模拟题） A. that B. where C. what D. which 13. I’d like to work with _______ is honest and easy to get on with. (2006 年山东模拟题) A. who B. whoever C. whomever D. no matter who 14. When you are reading, make a note of _______ you think is of great importance. （2006 年东北八校联考题） A. which B. that C. what D. when
15. —Can we get everything ready by the weekend? —It all depends on _______ we can get Mr. Green’s cooperation. （2006 年如东中学模拟题） A. that B. what C. whether D. if 高考趋势与重点 名词性从句在历年地高考中几乎都有所涉及， 并且每年地命题各有变化。 近年来地高考试 题更侧重于在一定地语言环境下考查熟练使用英语语序和关联词地能力。 因此， 在平时地备 考复习中我们除了牢固掌握基础知识外，还要多注意一定语境下基础知识地运用。 一、 It 在名词性从句中得用法： 1. It is time that?(虚拟语气) 2. It is the first time that?（现在完成时） 3. It is necessary (important) that?should do?(虚拟语气) 4. It is likely(possible, obvious, clear, natural, certain,…) that… 5. It is a pity(a fact, good news, no wonder, an honour, a shame, common sense, a common practice…) that… 6. It turned out that…; It happened that…; It occurred to sb. that…; 7. It is said(reported, believed, estimated, announced, expected…) that…; 8. It is suggested(required, ordered) that?(虚拟语气)? 一、 What 与 that 在名词性从句中用法比较： That Tom fell off his chair by accident got the classmates laughing. What Tom learned in university helps him a lot in his job. 注：that 在从句中不作任何成分，what 在从句中必须担当主语或宾语。 We have reached what is called XinJie kou. 二、 宾语从句 1. 一个动词后跟多个宾语从句时，第二个开始的连词 that 不能省略。 He said (that) he didn’t attend the party and that he didn’t want to. 2. 否定转移 I don’t think he is fit for the job, is he? I never thought that he would come for the dinner party. 3. 有些不可直接跟宾语从句的动词。 I hate it when…; I dislike it when…; I’d appreciate it if… I will see to it that… 4. 与定语从句的转换 Jerry told us _______ he had seen abroad. A. what B. all that C. all what D. all 注：本题四个答案都正确。答案 C 可以看作 all 是前面的 us 的同位语。 三、 主语从句 a. 主语从句于定语从句的转换 What is needed has been bought. All that is needed has been bought. b. 几个特殊句型之间的转换 It is known to all that China has joined the WTO. As is known to all, China has joined the WTO. What is known to all is that China has joined the WTO.
四、 表语从句 a. 表语从句中的虚拟语气 My suggestion is that we should carry out the plan as soon as possible. b. 几个表语从句的切换 The reason why I came late is that my car broke down on the half way. He came late. That’s because his car broke down. His car broke down on the half way. That’s why he came late. 五、 同位语从句 a. 与定语从句的区别 It is a fact that he has done his best. It is a fact that you can’t deny. b. 同位语从句中的虚拟语气 The proposal that he put forward is to be discussed at the meeting. The proposal that we should import more equipment is to be discussed. c. have no idea 后面跟同位语从句 I have no idea where Green Park lies.
答案解析 基础题 1. A 此题考察 what 引导名词性从句的用法。在此题中 what 引导主语从句，同时在从句中 充当主语。 2. B 通过对句子的分析可知，believe it or not 是插入语，在此句中 that 引导的是 the story 的同位语从句。 3. D 通过对句子的分析可知， 此题需要选一词来引导表语从句， 而从句中的明显缺少宾语， 故只能 what 用来充当。 4. C 介词 on 后面宾语从句不完整，同时从句缺少主语，故只能由 what 来充当。 5. C wonder 后面的从句是疑问句应用陈述语序。即：特殊疑问词+主语+谓语动词。 6. B 此句主句完整，从句也完整，故用 that 引导构成与 the fact 的同位语从句。 7. A why 在它引导的从句中充当原因状语，从句在主句里充当介词 on 的宾语。 8. B what 在它引导的从句中充当主语， 同时整个从句可看成是 idea 的同位语从句， 来说明 idea 的具体内容。 9. B 本题考查定语从句以及固定短语 turn to 的用法，关系代词因为在后面定语从句中做宾 语因此省略掉，turn to sb 求助于某人。 10. B 本题根据意思以及后面与 or 的搭配关系可判断该处是“是否” ，whether 引导宾语从 句。 11. B 本题考查名词性从句中的同位语从句， 根据下文可知 Danny 留下的口信的内容， that 引 导名词性从句。 12. C 本题考查双重疑问句，疑问词＋do you think/believe/expect＋句子的其他成分（句子用 称述句语序） 。 13. C 本题考查固定短语 be different from 同时也考查名词性从句中的宾语从句， 介词 from 后是宾语从句，但从句中 be used to 后面少宾语，且根据上文是我们过去习惯的方法，这用 what 符合语意。 14. A 本题考查的是名词性从句中的表语从句，后面表语从句不完整，it was 后面还缺少表
语，根据意思是“20 年前的 样子” ，后面一个句子是对 20 年前的补充说明，是一个非限制 性定语从句，20 年前学校设备条件不好，when 在定语从句中作时间状语。 15. B 本题考查名词性从句的同位语，doubt 后的同位语根据意思没有怀疑故选择 that 引 导，that 在从句中不充当成分。 强化题 1. C whether 引导的从句构成与名词 the question 的同位语。(原答案似乎有误) 2. C 主句完整,同时从句也不缺成分。根据句意可看出 that 引导的从句构成与 a warm thought 的同位语。 3. A that 引导同位语从句，具体说明 chance（可能性）的内容。 4. B 句意：请提醒我他说他将什么时候走。 5. B 因先行词是 natives，故淘汰 A 和 D。又因 give sth. to sb.固定短语，所以选 B。介词 to 可放在关系代词 whom 的前面。 6. B pleased 后面缺少宾语从句，he was a man of action 句意完整，故用 that 引导。 7. D No matter what/which 只能引导让步状语从句，排除 A 和 B。 C 和 D 的区别在于一个 无范围，一个有范围。 8. D wonder 后面的宾语从句本是 what makes him so excited： 。 但 what 需要被强调， 故用强 调句型。 9. D 本题考查 it 作形式主语, 后面的 that 引导真正的主句从句. 10. B 本题考查同位语从句, reason 后面有 for 引导的短语, 接着后面是 that 引导的句子来 说明理由的内容. 11. C 本题考查名词性从句的宾语从句,介词 for 后接宾语从句但宾语从句中缺少主语 , he thought 是插入语. 连词 what 引导宾语从句且在从句中充当主语,which 的意思不符合. 12. C 本题考查固定短语 be different from 同时也考查名词性从句中的宾语从句，介词 from 后是宾语从句，但从句中 it had been 后面少表语，所以 what 符合语意。 13. B 本题考查名词性从句中的介词宾语从句, 根据下文意思以及在宾语从句中作主语, D 不能引导名词性从句, who 表达的意思不对. 14. C 本题考查名词性从句介词宾语 , 宾语从句中 you think 是插入语 , 故句中缺少主 语,which 意思不对,故选 what. 15. C 本题考查介词宾语从句, 根据上下文意思 该处应该是” 我们是否能得到 Green 先生的. Marriage is still a popular institution in the United States, but divorce( 离 婚 ) is becoming_1_as“popular”.Most American people get married, _2_,at the present time, and fifty percent of American marriages end _3_ divorce. However, four out of five divorced people do not _4_ single. They get married a second time to _5_ partners. Sociologists(社会学家)tell us that in the next century, _6_American people will marry three _7_ four times in one lifetime. Alvin Toffler, an American sociologist, _8_this new social form serial(连续的)marriages. In his book Future Shock, Toffler gives many _9_ for this change in American marriage. In modern society, _10_ lives don't stay the same for very long.Americans_11_ change their jobs, their homes, and their circles of _12_So,the person who was a _13_ husband or wife ten years ago is sometimes not as good ten years _14_After some years of marriage, a husband and wife can _15 _that their lives have become very different, and they don't 16the same interests anymore. For this reason, Toffler says, people in the twenty first century will not _17_ to marry only one person for an _18_ lifetime. They will plan to stay married to one person for perhaps five or ten years, and then marry
_19_.Most Americans will expect to have a “marriage carrier”that _20_ three or four marriages. 1. A. already B. almost C. ever D. even 2. A. anyway B. then C. but D. therefore 3. A. with B. from C. in D. for 4. A. live B. take C. make D. stay 5. A .new B. old C. young D. pretty 6. A. most B. main C. few D. mostly 7. A. and B. by C. or D. to 8. A. asks B. calls C. tells D. lets 9. A. causes B. chances C. problems D. reasons 10. A. human's B. people's C. person's D. man's 11. A. frequently B. quickly C. rapidly D. fast 12. A. parents B. classmates C. neighbors D. friends 13. A. polite B. strict C. good D. unfriendly 14. A. late B. latter C. lately D. later 15. A. imagine B. feel C. believe D. suppose 16. A. enjoy B. hold C. divide D. share 17. A. desire B. plan C. wish D. design 18. A. entire B. extreme C. total D. whole 19. A. the other B. others C. other D. another 20. A. appears B. happens C. includes D. carries 解析 1almost“几乎”，这里表示在美国结婚和离婚都很普通。答案为 B。? 2.多数美国人结婚，但是，美国又有一半的人最终离婚。答案为 C。 3. end in divorce 表示“以离婚结束”。答案为 C。 4. stay single 表示“保持单身”，五分之四离婚的人都不愿意保持单身。答案为 D。? 5. get married to 是一个固定搭配，表示“跟某人结婚”，这里指跟新的、另外的人结婚。答案为 A。? 6. A 表示“多数”。答案为 A。? 7. C 表示“三到四次”，多数美国人一辈子结婚三到四次。答案为 C。? 8call 表“称作，称为”。答案为 B。? 9. reasons 表示“原因，说明……的原因”。答案为 D。? 10. people's lives 表示人们的生活，不会保持很长。答案为 B。? 11. frequently 表示“经常地，不断地”，在这里指美国人不断地改变自己的工作。答案为 A。 12. 他们的朋友圈子也在改变。答案为 D。 13. 人们的审美标准在不断地发生变化。答案为 C。 14. 十年前的标准和十年后的标准有很大区别。答案为 D。 15. B 表示“感觉到”，答案为 B。 16. share the same interests“有共同的兴趣”。答案为 D。 17. plan to do sth 表示“计划做……”。答案为 B。 18. an entire life 表示“整个一生”。答案为 A。 19. marry another 表示“跟另外一个人结婚”。答案为 D。 20. includes 表示“包括，包含”。答案为 C。