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高考英语单项填空知识考查大盘点


高考英语单项填空知识考查大盘点
高考英语对基础知识的考查在保持对动词重点考查的基础上呈现出一些新的热点,即对特定句式、连接词、介词、 代词和交际用语的考查力度加强。按试题考查的英语知识点的不同,笔者对今年全国及各地试卷中的单项填空题进行 了归类整理,尤其是对涉及高考热点的试题进行了归纳,并且指出了相应的备考策略,期望能为广大师生提供切实帮 助。 一、特定句式 [热点透视 热点透视]考查句式的认知、识别与匹配,包括省略、替代、倒装、强调、祈使句、感 热点透视 叹句、倍数句型、 “with +复合结构” 、There be 句型等。 [典例示范] 典例示范 【例 1】Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______. (辽宁卷) A. I was neither B. neither was I C. I was either D. either was I 答案与解析:B。一种情况也适合后边一种情况的否定替代形式用“neither\nor+助动词+主语”结构。 【例 2】______ the website of the Fire Department in your city, and you will learn a lot about firefighting. (湖南卷) A. Having searched B. To search C. Searching D. Search 答案与解析:D。此题考查祈使句的识别及句首动词的选用。并列连词 and 表明前后句为并列关系,故排除前三个 选项。 【例 3】It was not until midnight ______ they reached the camp site. (重庆卷) A. that B. when C. while D. as 答案与解析:A。此题考查强调句型“It’s+强调部分+that...”的认知与识别。not until 合在一起置于强调部分,前 后使用 that 连接。 [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴加强对特定句式的识别,注意相似句式的差异。 ⑵从结构特点着手,归纳热点句型的基本构成特征,力求对每种句型的准确理解。可这样来归纳,如:独立主格 结构句型——“with+复合结构”;替代常用句型——“Neither/Nor/So +助动词+主语” ;祈使句常见句型——动词原形或 名词词组+and/or/but(或破折号)+谓语用将来时或情态动词的陈述句,等等。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 1. It was along the Mississippi River ______ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. (天津卷) A. how B. which C. that D. where 2. You have no idea how she finished the relay race ______ her foot wounded so much. (福建卷) A. for B. when C. with D. while 3.—Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday? —Yes. ______, I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city. (安徽卷) A. If ever B. If busy C. If anything D. If possible 4. Only when I left my parents for Italy ______ how much I loved them. (重庆卷) A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize 5. ______ you eat the correct foods ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. (江苏卷) A. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will 6. —Who should be responsible for the accident? —The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order ______. (福建卷) A. as told B. as are told C. as telling D. as they told 7. I like this jacket better than that one, but it costs almost three times ______. (浙江卷) A. as much B. as many C. so much D. so many 8. Ten years ago the population of our village was ______ that of theirs. (陕西卷) A. as twice large as B. twice as large as C. twice as much as D. as twice much as 9. It was announced that only when the fire was under control ______ to return to their homes.(江西卷) A. the residents would be permitted B. had the residents been permitted

C. would residents be permitted D. the residents had been permitted 10. It was in New Zealand ______ Elizabeth first met Mr. Smith. (全国卷 II) A. that B. how C. which D. when 11. Not until the motorbike looked almost new ______ repairing and cleaning it. (陕西卷) A. he stopped B. did he stop C. stopped he D. he did stop 12. So much of interest ______ that most visitors simply run out of time before seeing it all. (上海卷) A. offers Beijing B. Beijing offers C. does Beijing offer D. Beijing does offer 二、连(接)词 接词 [热点透视 热点透视]恰当选择连接词使句法正确、句意完整、逻辑通顺。 热点透视 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 4】Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from ______ their parents speak at home. (浙江卷) A. what B. that C. which D. one 答案与解析:A。从分句 their parents speak at home 可知,该分句缺少宾语,既担任句子成分,又起连接作用,故 只能选用连接词 what,由 what 引导的从句作介词 from 的宾语。 【例 5】The Science Museum, ______ we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London’s tourist attractions. (江苏卷) A. which B. what C. that D. where 答案与解析:A。从句谓语动词 visited 为及物动词,缺少宾语,故排除选项 D。在定语从句中不涉及 what 的用法; 在非限制性定语从句中不涉及 that 的用法。 【例 6】—Have you got any idea for the summer vacation? —I don’t mind where we go ______ there’s sun, sea and beach. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. as if B. as long as C. now that D. in order that 答案与解析:B。as long as 最基本词义表示主从句动作延续时间一样长,引导时间状语从句; 若引导条件状语从 句,表“只要”,同 only if,为唯一条件。又如:As long as I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it.(2003 北京 卷) 【例 7】Stand over there ______ you’ll be able to see the oil painting better. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. but B. till C. and D. or 答案与解析:C。此题考查并列连词在祈使句中的应用。or 表条件,and 表顺承,递进,but 表转折。 [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴语法概念上的连接词包括引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词,引导名词性从句的连接代词和连接副词,以及 引导状语从句的从属连词。 ⑵连词的选择源于句子分析,同时参考先行词和前后句逻辑关系。从句缺少主语、表语、宾语、定语、补语时选 用关系(连接)代词;从句缺少状语时使用关系(连接)副词;句子成分完整,考虑选用从属(并列)连词。关系(连接)代词的 选用要看清指代对象是人还是物,关系(连接)副词的选用要明确指时间、地点还是方式等。从属(并列)连词的选用主要 参考前后句逻辑关系。 ⑶标点符号在解题中发挥重要作用,逗号是句内符号而分号则是句间符号,分别表示不同的句子结构,代表着不 同的句子关系,因此在选择连接词时要慎重考虑标点符号;句中位置分布也决定着连接词的选用,如置于句首,可使 用关系代词 as 而不可使用 which,介词后不直接使用 that 等。排除法是解决此类试题较好的方法之一,如定语从句中 不涉及 what/how 的用法, 非限制性定语从句不涉及 that 用法等。 题干的各种信息对解题作用重大, 做题时应予以考虑。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 13. ______ is known to us all is that the 卷 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. (福建卷) A. It B. What C. As D. Which 14. The road conditions there turned out to be very good, ______ was more than we could expect.(全国卷Ⅱ) A. it B. what C. which D. that 15. The man pulled out a gold watch, ______ were made of small diamonds. (陕西卷) A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of C. which the hands of D. the hands of which

16. I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ______ Brian gets back. (北京卷) A. before B. since C. till D. after 17. They will fly to Washington, ______ they plan to stay for two or three days. (重庆卷) A. where B. there C. which D. when 18. Nancy enjoyed herself so much ______ she visited her friends in Sydney last year. (福建卷) A. that B. which C. when D. where 19. ______ the Internet is of great help, I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it. (湖南卷) A. If B. While C. Because D. As 20. In some places women are expected to earn money ______ men work at home and raise their children. (四川卷) A. but B. while C. because D. thought 21. The last time we had great fun was ______ we were visiting the Water Park. (天津卷) A. where B. how C. when D. why 22. Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday. Have you got any idea ______ the party is to be held? (陕西卷) A. what B. which C. that D. where 23. ______ that she was going off to sleep, I asked if she’d like that little doll on her bed. (北京卷) A. Seeing B. To see C. See D. Seen 24. All people, ______ they are old or young, rich or poor, have been trying their best to help those in need since the disaster. (重庆卷) A. even if B. whether C. no matter D. however 25. You’d better not leave the medicine ______ kids can get at it. (山东卷) A. even if B. which C. where D. so that 26. A small car is big enough for a family of three ______ you need more space for baggage. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. once B. because C. if D. unless 27.—Did you return Fred’s call? —I didn’t need to ______ I’ll see him tomorrow. (北京卷) A. though B. unless C. when D. because 28. I’ll give you my friend’s home address, ______ I can be reached most evenings. (北京卷) A. which B. when C. whom D. where 29. The companies are working together to create ______ they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. (北京卷) A. which B. that C. what D. who 30. Yesterday, she sold her car, ______ she bought a month ago. (浙江卷) A. when B. where C. that D. which 31. I thought we’d be late for the concert, ______ we ended up getting there ahead of time. (湖南卷) A. but B. or C. so D. for 32. When asked ______ they needed most, the kids said they wanted to feel important and loved. (湖南卷) A. what B. why C. whom D. which 33. The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, ______ are beyond our control. (湖南卷) A. most of them B. most of which C. most of what D. most of that 34. The artist was born poor, ______ poor he remained all his life. (重庆卷) A. and B. or C. but D. so 35. ______ angry I am, I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread. (辽宁卷) A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Wherever D. However 36. He found it increasing difficult to read, ______ his eyesight was beginning to fail. (山东卷) A. though B. for C. but D. so 37. Later in this chapter cases will be introduced to readers ______ consumer complaints have resulted in changes in the law. (江西卷) A. where B. when C. who D. which

38. Animals suffered at the hands of Man ______ they were destroyed by people to make way for agricultural land to provide food for more people. (江西卷) A. in which B. for which C. so that D. in that 39. By nine o’clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, ______ appeared a rare rainbow soon.(福建卷) A. of which B. on which C. from which D. above which 40. Occasions are quite rare ______ I have the time to spend a day with my kids.(山东卷) A. who B. which C. why D. when 41. We went through a period ______ communications were very difficult in the rural areas. (上海卷) A. which B. whose C. in which D. with which 42. —Do you have a minute? I’ve got something to tell you.(安徽卷) —Ok, ______ you make it short. A. now that B. if only C. so long as D. every time 43. All the neighbor admire this family ______ the parents are treating their child like a friend. (安徽卷) A. why B. where C. which D. that 44. I used to love that film ______ I was a child, but I don’t feel it that way any more.(辽宁卷) A. once B. when C. since D. although 45. There were some chairs left over ______ everyone had sat down. (四川卷) A. when B. until C. that D. where 46. Don’t promise anything ______ you are one hundred percent sure.(浙江卷) A. whether B. after C. how D. unless 47. We’ll have a picnic in the park this Sunday ______ it rains or it’s very cold.(天津卷) A. since B. if C. unless D. until 48. —Are you ready for Spain? —Yes, I want the girls to experience that ______ they are young. (上海卷) A. while B. until C. if D. before 49. ______ well prepared you are , you still need a lot of luck in mountain climbing. (上海卷) A. however B. whatever C. no matter D. although 50. The lawyer rarely wears anything other than jeans and a T-shirt ______ the season.(全国卷 I) A. whatever B. wherever C. whenever D. however 51. ______ was most important to her, she told me, was her family.(山东卷) A. It B. This C. What D. As 52. ______ wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way.(浙江卷) A. Anyone B. The one C. Whoever D. Who 53. People in Chongqing are proud of ______ they have achieved, in the past ten years.(重庆卷) A. that B. which C. what D. how 54. As his best friend, I can make accurate guesses about ______ he will do or think. (上海卷) A. what B. which C. whom D. that 55. It has been proved ______ eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life. (上 海卷) A. if B. because C. when D. that 56. I cannot tell whether the book is worth reading, ______ I haven’t read it myself. (四川延考区卷) A. but B. so C. or D. for 57. I’ve heard a whisper ______ David and Heather are heading for marriage. (四川延考区卷) A. what B. which C. who D. that 58. I hope you’ve got your own car, ______ if you haven’t we may have to hire one. (四川延考区卷) A. because B. so that C. ever since D. when 59. Jane is back in May, by ______ the new house should be finished. (四川延考区卷)

A. which B. that C. whom D. when 三、代词 [热点透视 热点透视]代词与定语从句、数词、非谓语动词的结合;侧重考查代词的数和格。 热点透视 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 8】—Which of the two computer games did you prefer? —Actually I didn’t like ______. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. both of them B. either of them C. none of them D. neither of them 答案与解析:B。指代对象为两者,故排除选项 C;不定代词 both 与否定词 not 连用表部分否定,这与句意矛盾。 【例 9】It was hard for him to learn English in a family, in which ______ of the parents spoke the language. (北京卷) A. none B. neither C. both D. each 答案与解析:B。两者全部否定使用代词 neither,三者以上全部否定则选用 none。 【例 10】— How do you find your new classmates? —Most of them are kind, but ______ is so good to me as Bruce. (福建卷) A. none B. no one C. every one D. some one 答案与解析:A。此题解题关键是题干暗示:Most of them are kind,代词 none 侧重指数量,用 how many\much 来 提问,指人指物均可;而 no one 只能用来指人,用 who 来提问。 试比较: ⑴—Who is in the class? —No one. ⑵—How many students are there in the class? —None. [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴代词的先行项即代词的指代对象与代词在数、人称、性以及格上存在一致关系。 ⑵分清代词的指代对象在“数”的概念上指两者(both/either)、两者以上(each)还是三者以上(all/every/any/none)。两 者每一(each)还是两者任一(either), 两者全都(both)还是两者全不(neither); 三者以上每一(every)还是三者以上任一(any), 三者以上全都(all)还是三者以上全不(none)。 ⑶不定代词 all/both/each/every 与否定词 not 连用表部分否定;而 either/any 与其连用则表示全部否定。 ⑷代词的功用决定着代词格的形式且与之保持一致。相应地,主语—主格形式、宾语—宾格形式、定语—属格形 式、同位或其他—反身形式。高考侧重于对代词宾格和反身代词的考查。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 60. The English spoken in the United States is only slightly different from ______ spoken in England. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. which B. what C. that D. the one 61.—Could you tell me how to get to Victoria Street? —Victoria Street? ______ is where the Grand Theatre is. (辽宁卷) A. Such B. There C. That D. This 62. A cough is usually nothing to worry about unless it lasts for ten days ______. (四川卷) A. or more B. instead C. at most D. only 63. Make sure you’ve got the passports and tickets and ______ before you leave. (山东卷) A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 64. —I’d like some more cheese. —Sorry, there’s ______ left. (浙江卷) A. some B. none C. a little D. few 65. The manager believes prices will not rise by more than ______four percent. (四川卷) A. any other B. the other C. another D. other 66. —Could we see each other at 3o’clock this afternoon? —Sorry, let’s make it ______ time. (重庆卷) A. other’s B. the other C. another D. other 67. He doesn’t have ______ furniture in his room—just an old desk. (陕西卷) A. any B. many C. some D. much 68. The two girls are getting on well and share ______with each other. (安徽卷) A. little B. much C. some D. none

69. Our neighbors gave ______ a baby bird yesterday that hurt ______ when it fell from its nest. (湖南卷) A. us; it B. us; itself C. ourselves; itself D. ourselves; it 70. —The floor is dirty. Can anyone clean it? —______ I do it all the time. (陕西卷) A. Don’t mention it. B. Why not? C. Not sure D. Not me again. 71. Isn’t it amazing how the human body heals ______ after an injury? (江西卷) A. himself B. him C. itself D. it 72. My English teacher’s humor was ______ make every student burst into laughter. (江西卷) A. so as to B. such as to C. such that D. so that 73. I admired the painting, and Ed said he would like me to have ______ as a gift from him. (四川延考卷) A. one B. it C. this D. some 74. To know more about the British Museum, you can use the Internet or to go to the library, or ______.(天津卷) A. neither B. some C. all D. both 75. —Do you want tea or coffee? (上海卷) —______, I really don’t mind. A. none B. neither C. either D. all 四、介词 [热点透视 热点透视]高考对介词的考查趋向综合,常在“介词+关系代词”中考查介词的选用;热点集中在介词辨析上。 热点透视 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 11】For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further, ______ New York is an example. (四川卷) A. for which B. in which C. of which D. from which 答案与解析:C。纽约市就是众多城市中的一例,表示范畴,选用介词 of。 【例 12】Let’s learn to use the problem we are facing ______ a stepping-stone to future success. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. to B. for C. as D. by 答案与解析:C。as 作介词表“作为” ,常接在 treat/regard/recognize/use 等动词之后;而 like 表“像……一样” 。试 比较: ⑴He is a child, and must be treated as such. ⑵He acted like a child, while he had grown up. 【例 13】The house still needed a lot of work, but ______ the kitchen was finished. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. instead B. altogether C. at once D. at least 答案与解析:D。instead 相反、代替;altogether 总计;at once 立即;at least 至少。 [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴“介词+which/whom/whose 用法”是高考热点,为此需注意:据行文逻辑、所属关系、定语从句谓语动词常见 搭配以及谓语动词与先行词之间的关系恰当选择合适介词; 据指人 whom、 指物 which、 作定语 whose 恰当选择关系词; 介词不可和 that 连用, “介词+关系词”可以和关系副词相互转化。 ⑵介词短语不同于连词,不能用来引导句子,后常接名词或动名词,在句中作表语、定语和状语。考查热点集中 在介词短语词义辨析上,在特点上已呈现出侧重考查介词短语相当于连接副词的用法。 ⑶对近年高考高频介词进行归纳、梳理,如 beyond/over 等。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 76. Everything was perfect for the picnic ______ the weather. (浙江卷) A. in place of B. as well as C. except for D. in case of 77. When she arrived in China, she wondered what the future might have ______ for her, but now all her worries are gone. (湖北卷) A. in need B. in time C. in reparation D. in store 78. Many Chinese universities provide scholarships for students ______ financial aid. (天津卷) A. in favour of B. in honour of C. in face of D. in need of 79. At the railway station, the mother waved goodbye to her daughter until the train was______. (天津卷) A. out of sight B. out of reach C. out of order D. out of place

80. I began to feel ______ in the new school when I saw some familiar faces. (山东卷) A. at home B. at heart C. at will D. at sight 81.—Why do you suggest we buy a new machine? —Because the old one has been damaged ______. (江苏卷) A. beyond reach B. beyond repair C. beyond control D. beyond description 82. Why are you so anxious? It isn’t your problem ______. (浙江卷) A. on purpose B. in all C. on time D. after all 83. A great man shows his greatness ______ the way he treats little men. (福建卷) A. under B. with C. on D. by 84. Modern equipment and no smoking are two of the things I like ______working here. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. with B. over C. at D. about 85. If you really have to leave during the meeting, you’d better leave ______ the back door. (北京卷) A. for B. by C. across D. out 86. Elizabeth has already achieved success ______ her wildest dreams. (陕西卷) A. at B. beyond C. within D. upon 87. —When did you last hear ______Jay? —He phoned me this morning, and we agreed ______a time and place to meet. (湖南卷) A. of; to B. about; with C. from; with D. from; on 88. I like Mr. Miner’s speech; it was clear and ______ the point. (辽宁卷) A. at B. on C. to D. of 89. Fred entered without knocking and, very out of breath, sank ______ a chair. (安徽卷) A. on B. off C. into D. to 90. The two sportsmen congratulated each other ______ winning the match by shaking hands. (上海卷) A. with B. on C. in D. to 五、短语动词辨析 [热点透视 热点透视]考查考生在特定语境中准确运用短语动词能力,属考查词汇范畴,备选词组形近或义近,或二者兼备或 热点透视 同一动词不同搭配。 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 14】 After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane ______ her job as a doctor in the countryside. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. set out B. took over C. took up D. set up 答案与解析:C。set out 出发、着手干;set up 搭建;took over 接管;took up 从事、拿起。 【例 15】—What are you reading, Tom? —I’m not really reading, just ______ the pages. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. turning off B. turning around C. turning over D. turning up 答案与解析:C。turn off 关闭;turn around 掉转头;turn over 深思、翻转、翻阅;turn up 出现、调大。 [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴高考对短语动词的考查是在特定语境中进行的,涉及短语动词词义辨析,大多数短语动词为习惯用语,加强识 记必不可少,尤其是同一动词不同搭配,这些高频动词包括 call/come/get/go/take 等,备考时要有所侧重。 ⑵一个动词若包含两个以上的词汇且搭配较为固定便构成短语动词。其中一个一定是动词,其余的可以是介词或 副词,可以尝试从介词或副词上寻找解题突破口。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 91. It’s going to rain, XiaoFeng. Will you please help me ______ the clothes on the line? (陕西卷) A. get off B. get back C. get in D. get on 92. —I’m still working on my project. —Oh, you’ll miss the deadline. Time is ______. (江苏卷) A. running out B. going out C. giving out D. losing out 93. The present situation is very complex, so I think it will take some time to ______ its reality. (湖北卷)

A. make up B. figure out C. look through D. put off 94. American Indians ______ about five percent of the U.S. population. (浙江卷) A. fill up B. bring up C. make up D. set up 95. The teacher stressed again that the students should not ______ any important details while retelling the story. (湖北卷) A. bring out B. let out C. leave out D. make out 96. In modern times, people have to ______ all kinds of pressure although they are leading a comfortable life. (湖北卷) A. keep with B. stay with C. meet with D. live with 97. I used to quarrel a lot with my parents, but now we ______ fine. (四川卷) A. look out B. stay up C. carry on D. get along 98. The meal over, the managers went back to the meeting room to ______ their discussion. (天津卷) A. put away B. take down C. look over D. carry on 99. ______ a moment and I will go to your rescue. (福建卷) A. Go on B. Hold on C. Move on D. Carry on 100. Einstein liked Bose’s paper so much that he ______ his own work and translated it into German. (山东卷) A. gave off B. turned down C. took over D. set aside 101. —Is Peter there? —______, please. I’ll see if I can find him for you. (江苏卷) A. Hold up B. Hold on C. Hold out D. Hold off 102. Don’t be so discouraged. If you ______ such feelings, you will do better next time. (安徽卷) A. carry on B. get back C. break down D. put away 103. I tried phoning Maggie’s office in the morning, but I couldn’t ______. (四川延考区卷) A. go over B. get through C. put up D. join up 六、动词时态 [热点透视 热点透视]常见时态的一般用法和特殊用法;特定句式中时态的用法。 热点透视 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 16】—Have you known Dr. Jackson for a long time? —Yes, since she ______ the Chinese Society. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. has joined B. joins C. had joined D. joined 答案与解析:D。此题考查时态在特定句式中的运用。在 since-分句中,谓语用非延续动词的一般过去时,与之相 对应的主句常用现在完成时;若 since-分句的动作或状态延续到说话时间,则从句使用现在完成时。 【例 17】If the weather had been better, we could have had a picnic. But it ______ all day. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. rained B. rains C. has rained D. is raining 答案与解析:A。从题干得知表示与过去相反的假设,说话者希望天气有利于野炊,但事实相反。 【例 18】—I’m sure Andrew will win the first prize in the final. —I think so. He ______ for it for months. (江苏卷) A. is preparing B. was preparing C. had been preparing D. has been preparing 答案与解析:D。说话对象 Andrew 为了比赛而精心准备了数月。某个动作或过程过去已经开始,一直持续到说话 时刻,有可能继续延续。因此,现在完成进行时仍带有进行时的持续性。 [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴常见时态的一般用法。此类时态的用法代表高考的命题方向。解题关键是要领会题干所创设的语境,善于利用 题干暗示(包括情景暗示,时间暗示和连词暗示),分清时间的起点和终点,注意动作发生的顺序(与动词完成时紧密相 关),看动作进展程度(是正在进行、刚刚过去、已经完成还是将来进行),注意运用时态呼应规律等。 ⑵常见时态的特殊用法。这类时态用法较为特殊,仅从字面上理解往往不能十拿九稳。主要包括:一般现在时表 将来;一般过去时用于虚拟语气中表现在;将来时表计划或安排;现在进行时表将来;过去完成时表示与过去相反的 假设;过去进行时表原因等。 ⑶特定句式中时态的用法。这类时态用法较为固定,常见于祈使句、条件或时间状语从句、since-分句等。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验

104. The wet weather will continue tomorrow, when a cold front ______ to arrive. (全国卷 I) A. is expected B. is expecting C. expects D. will be expected 105. —What’s that noise? —Oh, I forget to tell you. The new machine ______. (浙江卷) A. was tested B. will be tested C. is being tested D. has been tested 106. No decision ______ about any future appointment until all the candidates have been interviewed. (北京卷) A. will be made B. is made C. is being made D. has been made 107. He ______ as a national hero for winning the first gold medal for his country in the Olympics. (重庆卷) A. regarded B. was regarded C. has regarded D. had been regarded 108. —Did you go to the show last night? —Yeah. Every boy and girl in the area ______ invited. (陕西卷) A. were B. have been C. has been D. was 109. Though we don’t know what was discussed, yet we can feel the topic ______. (陕西卷) A. had changed B. will change C. was changed D. has been changed 110. The telephone ______, but by the time I got indoors, it stopped. (四川卷) A. had rung B. was ringing C. rings D. has rung 111. —Did you watch the football match yesterday? —Yes, I did. You know, my brother ______ in the match. (安徽卷) A. is playing B. was playing C. has played D. had played 112. —Do you have any problems, if you ______ this job? —Well, I’m thinking about the salary… (湖南卷) A. offer B. will offer C. are offered D. will be offered 113. If their marketing plan succeed, they ______ their sales by 20 percent. ( 全国卷Ⅱ) A. will increase B. have been increasing C. have increased D. would be increasing 114. —Have you read a book called Waiting for Anya? —Who ______ it? (北京卷) A. writes B. has written C. wrote D. had written 115. The hotel wasn’t particularly good, but I ______ in many worse hotels. (北京卷) A. was staying B. stayed C. would stay D. had stayed 116. I don’t believe you’ve already finished reading the book—I ______ it to you this morning! (浙江卷) A. would lend B. was lending C. had lent D. lent 117. He ______ football regularly for many years when he was young. (天津卷) A. was playing B. played C. has played D. had played 118. The moment I got home, I found I ______ my jacket on the playground. (陕西卷) A. had left B. left C. have left D. was leaving 119. I called Hannah many times yesterday evening, but I couldn’t get through. Her brother ______ on the phone all the time. (湖南卷) A. was talking B. has been talking C. has talked D. talked 120. So far this year we ______ a fall in house prices by between 5 and 10 percent. (福建卷) A. saw B. see C. had seen D. have seen 121. Judy is going to marry the sailor she ______ in Rome last year. (重庆卷) A. meets B. met C. has met D. would meet 122. Teenagers ______ their health because they play computer games too much. (重庆卷) A. have damaged B. are damaging C. damaged D. will damage 123. We first met on a train in 2000.We both felt immediately that we ______ each other for years. (辽宁卷) A. knew B. have known C. had known D. know 124. —Have you got any job offers? —No, I ______. (辽宁卷)

A. waited B. had been waiting C. have waited D. am waiting 125. By the time he realizes he ______ into a trap, it’ll be too late for him to do anything about it. (山东卷) A. walks B. walked C. has walked D. had walked 126. I like these English songs and they ______ many times on the radio. (安徽卷) A. taught B. have taught C. are taught D. have been taught 127. Have a good look round the room to make sure you ______ everything. (四川延考区卷) A. had packed B. pack C. have packed D. are packing 128. It was difficult to get a word in. Everyone ______ so excitedly about the play. (四川延考区卷) A. would talk B. was talking C. talked D. had talked 129. –—Do you think we should accept that offer? —Yes, we should, for we ______ such bad luck up till now, and time ______ out.(江西卷) A. have had; is running B. had; is running C. have; has been run D. have had; has been run 130. —Do you know if Terry will go camping this weekend? —Terry? Never! She ______ tents and fresh air! (上海卷) A. has hated B. hated C. will hate D. hates 131. In recent years many football clubs ______ as business to make a profit. (上海卷) A. have run B. have been run C. had been run D. will run 七、情态动词 [热点透视 热点透视]情态动词推测性用法,用以肯定、否定和对过去的推测;情态动词的非推测性用法。 热点透视 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 19】John promised his doctor he ______ not smoke, and he has never smoked ever since. (北京卷) A. might B. should C. could D. would 答案与解析:D。would 表示“意志、意愿” ,暗含说话者的决心。 【例 20】You ______ be hungry already—you had lunch only two hours ago! (浙江卷) A. wouldn’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t 答案与解析:B。can’t 是 must 和 can 的否定推测形式,语气最强,表不可能。 【例 21】It is usually warm in my hometown in March, but it ______ be rather cold sometimes. (福建卷) A. must B. can C. should D. would 答案与解析:B。can 用作推测常不用于肯定句中,若用于肯定句中则表偶尔一时的特征,译作“有时会”。 【例 22】Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we ______ it without you. (山东卷) A. can manage B. could have managed C. could manage D. can have managed 答案与解析:B。情态动词后接不定式的完成体表过去的推测。时间 last week 为解题关键。 [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴情态动词的推测性用法。推测的可能性有大有小,并受句式限制,分为肯定推测(can\must \may\ should\ought to)、 否定推测(may not\can’t\shouldn’t \oughtn’t to)和对过去推测(情态动词后接不定式的完成体)。若对过去正在发生的事情 进行推测则用 must have been doing 形式。 ⑵情态动词非推测性用法。表能力、意愿、应该、责任、习惯、惊讶等。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 132. Liza ______ well not want to go on the trip—she hates traveling. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. will B. can C. must D. may 133. Although this ______ sound like a simple task, great care is needed. (四川卷) A. must B. may C. shall D. should 134. She ______ have left school, for her bike is still here. (天津卷) A. can’t B. wouldn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t 135. —What sort of house do you want to have? Something big? —Well, it ______ be big—that’s not important. (陕西卷) A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. can’t D. won’t

136. You don’t have to know the name of the author to find a book. You ______ find the book by the title. (湖南卷) A. must B. need C. can D. would 137. —I can’t find my purse anywhere. —You ______ have lost it while shopping. (重庆卷) A. may B. can C. should D. would 138. Peter ______ be really difficult at times even though he’s a nice person in general. (辽宁卷) A. shall B. should C. can D. must 139. —I’m sorry. I ______ at you the other day. —Forget it. I was a bit out of control myself. (江苏卷) A. shouldn’t shout B. shouldn’t have shouted C. mustn’t shout D. mustn’t have shouted 140. What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he ______better. (江西卷) A. need have done B. must have done C. can have done D. might have done 141. We had to make the corrections by hand as the computer ______ do them for us. (四川延考区卷) A. mightn’t B. needn’t C. shouldn’t D. wouldn’t 142. According to the air traffic rules, you ______ switch off your mobile phone before boarding. (上海卷) A. may B. can C. would D. should 八、非谓语动词 [热点透视 热点透视]据逻辑主语一致原则匹配句式;据功用、动作进展、主动与被动选择合适的非谓语动词形式。 热点透视 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 23】I like getting up very early in summer.The morning air is so good ______.(全国卷Ⅰ) A. to be breathed B. to breathe C. breathing D. being breathed 答案与解析:B。在结构“be +形容词+不定式”中不定式不用被动语态。如:The job is easy to finish. 【例 24】Lucy’s new job paid twice as much as she had made ______ in the restaurant. (山东卷) A. working B. work C. to work D. worked 答案与解析:A。动词 ing 形式作伴随状语。句中动词 made 表示“挣钱”而非使役动词。 【例 25】I feel greatly honored ______ into their society. (北京卷) A. to welcome B. welcoming C. to be welcomed D. welcomed 答案与解析:C。 feel greatly honored to do sth”表示干什么事我感到非常荣幸,所以非谓语动词应选用动词不定 “I 式形式; “我”为受动对象,故选用被动语态。 【例 26】 worth considering what makes ”convenience”foods so popular, and ______better ones of your own. (北京卷) It’s A. introduces B. to introduce C. introducing D. introduced 答案与解析:C。此题考查非谓语动词兼句法知识。considering 和 introducing 构成并列,由并列连词 and 连接。 [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 1.句式匹配: 非谓语动词的逻辑主语常暗含在特定上下文中。 非谓语动词作状语时其逻辑主语应与主句主语保持一 致,考生能据此选择恰当句式使前后句相匹配。 2.选择合适的非谓语动词形式。 ⑴据功用:主要考虑特殊用法。 动词–ing 形式作主语表示一般性或抽象行为;表状态时只用-ed 分词,它们已转 化为形容词,以 seated/lost/devoted/dressed/faced 等常见,且其后常接介词,与逻辑主语存在主动关系;非谓语动词作 目的状语时只能使用动词不定式;后续-ing 形式或不定式作宾语的判定依据固定用法而定。 ⑵考虑主动与被动:现在分词与主句主语存在主动关系;过去分词与主句主语存在被动关系;不定式与主句主语 存在主动或被动关系。 ⑶将来、进行与完成:现在分词表示动作正在发生,其动作先于、后于或与主句谓语动词动作同时进行;过去分 词表示动作已完成,其动作先于主句谓语动词动作或仅表状态;动词不定式表动作尚未发生。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 143. ______ the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. (湖南卷) A. Completing B. Complete C. Completed D. To complete

144. —Did the book give the information you needed? —Yes. But ______ it, I had to read the entire book. (北京卷) A. to find B. find C. to be finding D. finding 145. ______ that he was in great danger, Eric walked deeper into the forest. (浙江卷) A. Not realized B. Not to realize C. Not realizing D. Not to have realized 146. ______ in the queue for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. (福建卷) A. Waiting B. To wait C. Having waited D. To have waited 147. ______ their hats into the air, the fans of the winning team let out loud shouts of victory. (天津卷) A. To throw B. Thrown C. Throwing D. Being thrown 148. ______ around the Water Cube, we were then taken to see the Bird’s Nest for the 卷 Olympic Games. (陕西卷) A. Having shown B. To be shown C. Having been shown D. To show 149. ______ in the fields on a March afternoon, he could feel the warmth of the spring. (安徽卷) A. To walk B. Walking C. Walked D. Having walked 150. ______ to reach them on the phone, we sent an email instead. (重庆卷) A. Fail B. Failed C. To fail D. Having failed 151. Tom knew he would certainly get ______ if he was late home. (四川延考区卷) A. shout at B. to shout at C. shouted at D. to be shouted at 152. I got to the office early that day, ______ the 7:30 train from Paddington. (四川延考区卷) A. having caught B. caught C. to catch D. catch 153. It is one of the funniest things ______ on the Internet so far this year. (浙江卷) A. finding B. being found C. to find D. found 154. We had an anxious couple of weeks ______ for the results of the experiment. (四川卷) A. wait B. to be waiting C. waited D. waiting 155. The message is very important, so it is supposed ______ as soon as possible. (陕西卷) A. to be sent B. to send C. being sent D. sending 156. The trees ______ in the storm have been moved off the road. (湖南卷) A. being blown down B. blown down C. blowing down D. to blow down 157. Susan wanted to be independent of her parents. She tried ______ alone, but she didn’t like it and moved back home. (湖南卷) A. living B. to live C. to be living D. having lived 158. He was busy writing a story, only ______ once in a while to smoke a cigarette. (辽宁卷) A. to stop B. stopping C. to have stopped D. having stopped 159. Please remain ______ ; the winner of the prize will be announced soon. (辽宁卷) A. seating B. seated C. to seat D. to be seated 160. —They are quiet, aren’t they? —Yes. They are accustomed ______ at meals. (江苏卷) A. to talk B. to not talk C. to talking D. to not talking 161. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English ______ as much as we can. (江苏卷) A. speak. B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak 162. The director had her assistant ______ some hot dogs for the meeting. (全国卷 II) A. picked up B. picks up C. pick up D. picking up 163. I hear they’ve promoted Tom, but he didn’t mention ______ when we talked on the phone. (江西卷) A. to promote B. having been promoted C. having promoted D. to be promoted 164. We finished the run in less than half the time ______.(江西卷) A. allowing B. to allow C. allowed D. allows 165. If there is a lot of work ______, I’m happy to just keep on until it is finished. (上海卷) A. to do B. to be doing C. done D. doing 166. Something as simple as ______ some cold water may clear your mind and relive pressure. (上海卷)

A. to drink B. drinking C. to be drinking D. drunk 167. Ideally ______ for Broadway theatre and Fifth Avenue, the New York Park hotel is a favourite with many guests. (上 海卷) A. locating B. being located C. having been located D. located 九、动词词义辨析 [热点透视 考查考生在特定语境中准确用词能力,备选动词词义相近,用法近似。 热点透视] 热点透视 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 27】The performance ______ nearly three hours, but few people left the theatre early.(全国卷Ⅰ) A. covered B. reached C. played D. lasted 答案与解析:D。cover 表示涵盖、覆盖;reach 到达;play 扮演、玩;last 持续(时间) 。 【例 28】Though having lived abroad for years, many Chinese still ______ the traditional customs. (湖北卷) A. perform B. possess C. observe D. support 答案与解析:C。perform 表演、表现;possess 拥有;observe 观察、遵守(规则) 、庆祝(节日);support 支持、支 撑、养活。 [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴准确记忆考纲内重要动词,依托语境,弄清句意,从区别词义着手进行辨析。 ⑵考虑习惯搭配、动词及物与不及物等进行选项甑别。 ⑶对高考常考高频动词如 expect\hold\make 等进行搜集、归纳、整理。 ⑷格外注意熟词新义。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 168. Little Johnny felt the bag, curious to know what it ______. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. collected B. contained C. loaded D. saved 169. As nobody here knows what is wrong with the machine, we must send for an engineer to ______ the problem. (湖北 卷) A. handle B. raise C. face D. present 170. You have to ______ a choice. Are you going to leave the job or stay? (四川卷) A. decide B. get C. do D. make 171. Her shoes ______ her dress; they look very well together. (天津卷) A. suit B. fit C. compare D. match 172. —Can those ______ at the back of the classroom hear me? —No problem. (福建卷) A. seat B. sit C. seated D. sat 173. You have to be a fairly good speaker to ______ listeners’ interest for over an hour. (辽宁卷) A. hold B. make C. improve D. receive 174. The fact that she never apologized ______ a lot about what kind of person she is. (山东卷) A. says B. talks C. appears D. declares 175. I ______ it as a basic principle of the company that suppliers of raw materials should be given a fair price for their products. (江西卷) A. make B. look C. take D. think 176. —Are you happy with your new computer? —No, it is ______ me a lot of trouble. (安徽卷) A. showing B. leaving C. giving D. sparing 177. That’s all I have to say. Is there anything you’d like to ______, Terry? (四川延考区卷) A. talk B. require C. add D. deliver 十、交际用语 [热点透视 热点透视]以对话形式体现,以情景为依托,语料丰富,情景生动,突出实用,侧重考查学生综合运用英语的能力。 热点透视 主要涉及社会交往、情感和态度。 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范

【例 29】—Would you like to join me for a quick lunch before class? —______, but I promised Nancy to go out with her. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. I’d like to B. I like it C. I don’t D. I will 答案与解析:A。交际用语“I’d like to\I meant to...but”表示“我想去(本打算) ,但……” 。 【例 30】—What fruit is in season now? —Pears and apples, ______. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. I know B. I think C. I see D. I feel 答案与解析:B。交际用语“I think/suppose/guess”表示“我认为” 。 【例 31】—Sorry, I made a mistake again. —______. Practise more and you’ll succeed. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. Never mind B. Certainly not C. Not at all D. Don’t mention it 答案与解析:A。Never mind 没关系,用法同(It)Doesn’t matter,是遗憾和抱歉的应答语,用来应答“I’m sorry...或 I apologize...” 。不能从字面上翻译成“不介意” ,不用来回答 would you mind...。 [备考高参 备考高参 备考高参] ⑴考生要深入情景,注意中西方文化差异。 ⑵注意交际用语使用的场所。 ⑶对常考易错交际用语进行搜集、归纳、整理。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 178. —Do you mind if I record your lecture? —______.Go ahead. (江苏卷) A. Never mind B. No way C. Not at all D. No, you’d better not 179. —Did you have a good time in Thailand last week? —______, it was too hot. (辽宁卷) A. Not really B. Yeah, why not C. Oh, great D. You’re right 180. —I am afraid I can’t return the book to you before Friday. —______. (重庆卷) A. Don’t be afraid B. Be careful C. Not at all D. Take your time 181. —Would you like to join us in the game? —______, for I have something to attend to. (福建卷) A. I will B. I’d like to C. I won’t D. I’m afraid not 182. —Say, Jane, will you come with me to the game Friday? —______, Bob, but I promised Mary I’d go with her. (山东卷) A. My pleasure B. Thanks C. Take it easy D. Forget it 183. —How much do I owe you for lunch? —______. It’s nothing. (天津卷) A. You’re welcome B. Forget it C. With pleasure D. That’s right 184. —Are you all right? —______. (浙江卷) A. That’s OK B. I think so C. Take it easy D. It’s very kind of you 185. —Shall we go out for dinner tonight? —______. (浙江卷) A. You are right B. It must be funny C. That sounds great D. Have a nice time 186. —Do you know Anna’s telephone number? —______. As a matter of fact, I don’t know any Anna, either. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. I think so B. I’m afraid not C. I hope so D. I’d rather not 187. —Could I ask you a rather personal question? —Sure, ______. (全国卷Ⅱ) A. pardon me B. go ahead C. good idea D. forget it

188. —Could you help me write the report? —______. I haven’t got time at the moment. (四川延考区卷) A. No problem B. No, sorry C. Yes, please D. All right 189. — I think Tracy needs to find herself a new job. —______. This is what we’ve been talking about. (四川延考区卷) A. Exactly B. Cheer up C. Please do D. Really 190. —I have some big news for you. You’ve been accepted as a member of our club. —______ That’s great!(安徽卷) A. Have I? B. Pardon? C. Congratulations! D. Good idea! 191. —Good evening. Huangshan Hotel. —Good evening. ______?(安徽卷) A. Do you still have a room for tonight B. What would you like, please C. Is there anything I can do for you D. Who is that speaking, please 192. —I think you’d better type this letter again before Mr. Smith see it. —Oh, dear! ______.(江西卷) A. Who cares? B. No problem C. I don’t mind at all D. Is it as bad as that? 193. — Let’s go for a walk in the garden. —______, but I need to do the washing-up. (四川卷) A. No, thank you B. That’s right C. Good idea D. Not at all 194. — Can you show me Mr. Jaffer’s office, please? —______. But I don’t know if he is in at the moment. (四川卷) A. Thanks B. Go on C. Sure D. You are welcome 195. — I just can’t stop worrying about the result of the job interview. —______. There’s nothing you can do now but wait.(天津卷) A. Relax B. Go ahead C. Go for it D. Good luck 196.—May I ask a question after class, Sir? —______, but not during my lunch break.(重庆卷) A. I am sorry B. Anytime C. Certainly D. Go ahead 十一、形容词、 十一、形容词、副词 [热点透视 考查近义形容词、副词的词义辨析;考查形容词、副词的比较等级。 热点透视]考查近义形容词 热点透视 考查近义形容词、副词的词义辨析;考查形容词、副词的比较等级。 [典例示范 典例示范] 典例示范 【例 32】You’re driving too fast. Can you drive ______? (全国卷Ⅰ) A. more slowly a bit B. slowly a bit more C. a bit more slowly D. slowly more a bit 答案与解析:C。此题考查比较级前程度修饰语的位置。more slowly 构成副词比较级,程度修饰语 a bit 置于比较 级最前边。 【例 33】As he works in a remote area, he visits his parents only ______. (湖北卷) A. occasionally B. anxiously C. practically D. urgently 答案与解析: 此题考查近义副词词义辨析。 A。 occasionally 偶尔地; anxiously 焦虑地; practically 实用地; urgently 急切地。 【例 34】After the long journey, the three of them went back home, ______. (北京卷) A. hungry and tiredly B. hungry and tired C. hungrily and tiredly D. hungrily and tired 答案与解析: 单个形容词或从属连词+形容词 B。 (词组) 用作独立成分, 作状语, 常表伴随。 又如: After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, exhausted.(沪春 2004) [备考高参 备考高参] 备考高参 ⑴形容词和副词的词义辨析分布在单项选择和完形填空中。考生应熟练识记考纲内重要形容词和副词的意义,对 意义相近词汇加强辨析,尤其注意连接副词的用法。

⑵据题干信息,正确判断使用何种比较等级。把握“三个原则一个注意” :比较对象要对等;比较范围要协调;比 较对象与比较等级相吻合。注意比较级前程度修饰语有讲究。 ⑶高考对比较等级的考查题往往结合冠词、定语从句、句法知识等对考生进行综合考查。题干更隐蔽,使用情景 来凸现比较意义,情景生动,突出交际。 [快乐体验 快乐体验] 快乐体验 197. There are plenty of jobs ______ in the western part of the country. (浙江卷) A. present B. available C. precious D. convenient 198. Running a company is not ______ a matter of hiring people—they also need to be trained. (浙江卷) A. simply B. partly C. seriously D. equally 199. In those days, our ______ concern was to provide people who were stopped by the snow storm with food and health care. (湖北卷) A. normal B. constant C. permanent D. primary 200. Although badly hurt in the accident, the driver was ______ able to make a phone call. (四川卷) A. still B. even C. also D. ever 201. My brother is really ______. He often works in his office far into the night. (天津卷) A. open-minded B. hard-working C. self-confident D. warm-hearted 202. In spite of repeated wrongs done to him, he looks ______ to people greeting him. (福建卷) A. friendly B. lively C. worried D. cold 203. Would it be ______ for you to pick me up at four o’clock and take me to the airport? (山东卷) A. free B. vacant C. handy D. convenient 204. Jack is late again. It is ______ of him to keep others waiting. (江西卷) A. normal B. ordinary C. common D. typical 205. The weather was ______ cold that I didn’t like to leave my room. (全国卷Ⅰ) A. really B. such C. too D. so 206. It is ______ to spend money on preventing illnesses by promoting healthy living rather than spending it trying to make people ______ after they are ill. (江苏卷) A. good; good B. well; better C. better; better D. better; good 207. Last night Mr. Crook didn’t come back at the usual time. ______, he met some friends and stayed out until midnight. (湖南卷) A. Meanwhile B. However C. Instead D. Yet 208. —Hi, Mark. How was the musical evening? —Excellent! Ales and Andy performed ______ and they won the first prize. (安徽卷) A. skillfully B. commonly C. willingly D. nervously 209. Students are always interested in finding out ______ they can go with a new teacher. (安徽卷) A. how far B. how soon C. how often D. how long 210. It’s often difficult to find ______ to express what you want to say. (四川延考区卷) A. exactly the right word B. the word right exactly C. the right exactly word D. exactly right the word 211. If a person has not had enough sleep, his actions will give him ______ during the day. (江西卷) A. away B. up C. in D. back 212. It looks like the weather is changing for ______. Shall we stick to our plan?(辽宁卷) A. the worse B. worse C. the worst D. worst 213. In my view, London’s not as expensive in price as Tokyo but Tokyo is ______ in traffic. (上海卷) A. the most organized B. more organized C. so organized as D. as organized as 总之,高考英语对基础知识的考查重难点突出,以下是考查项目和数量分布规律: (1)动词八大考查热点 动词八大考查热点, (1)动词八大考查热点,题目数量为 7。 考查项目包括:动词词义辨析、短语动词、动词时态、动词语态、动词语气、系动词、非谓语动词、情态动词。 (2)连 (2)连(接)词,题目数量为 3。

重点放在选词依据和技巧上。考查项目包括:关系词、连接词、从属连词。 (3)交际用语 交际用语, (3)交际用语,题目数量为 2。 主要涉及范围包括:社会交往、情感和态度。 (4)其他题目数量为 (4)其他题目数量为 3。 考查项目包括:名词、冠词、形容词、副词、介词、代词、特定句式、it 用法。 笔者建议考生在复习时要有针对性,避免盲目,绕开偏、难、怪题,而对必考项目决不含糊,这样才能事半功倍。 另外,考生也可认真选做近三年高考英语试卷中的单选题,从中总结规律,根据重难点来分配复习的时间和精力。 快乐体验参考答案: 快乐体验参考答案: 1~5 CCDDA 6~10 AABCA 11~15 BCBCD 16~20 AACBB 21~25 CDABC 26~30 DDDCD 31~35 AABAD 36~40 BADDD 41~45 CCBBA 46~50 DCAAA 51~55 CCCAD 56~60 DCADC 61~65 CACBC 66~70 CDBBD 71~75 CBBDC 76~80 CDDAA 81~85 BDDDB 86~90 BDCCB 91~95 CABCC 96~100 DDDBD 101~105 BDBAC 106~110 ABDDB 111~115 BCACD 116~120 DBAAD 121~125 BBCDC 126~130 DCBAD 131~135 BDBAB 136~140 CACBD 141~145 DDDAC 146~150 CCCBD 151~155 CADDA 156~160 BABBD 161~165 CCBCA 166~170 BDBAD 171~175 DCAAC 176~180 CCCAD 181~185 DBBBC 186~190 BBBAA 191~195 ADCCA 196~200 CBADA 201~205 BADDD 206~210 CCAAA 211~213 AAB 部分难题答案及解析: 部分难题答案及解析: 2.C 此题考查句式结构“with+宾语+补语 ”的用法。 并列连词 for 表示原因, 且其前常用逗号隔开; 连词 when/while 表示时间,用在此处虽无句法错误,但不如句式结构“with+宾语+补语 ”用在此处表示伴随更好。句意:你不知道她是 怎样克服脚受伤依然跑完接力比赛的。 6.A as 引导方式状语从句,表按照、正如;非限定分句“从属连词+-ed/-ing 形式” 可以看作是一种省略,即省略 了主语和 be 动词。究竟使用何种非谓语动词形式取决于主被动关系。 13.B 由 what 引导的从句作主语,that 引导的从句作表语;若将第二个 is 删除,答案则选 A;若将 is that 删除, 在 all 后加逗号,答案则选 C。 15.D 首先排除选项 B 和 C;金表为物,故排除选项 A;the hands of which 等同于 whose hands。 16.A before 引导时间状语从句,表“在……之前”,常见于“It will be…(long) before…”句型中。 18.C when 表示时间;而关联连词 so…that 表结果,注意排除毗邻假象干扰。 19.B 用作从属连词,引导让步状语从句,用于“部分接受,但并非全部” 。 23.A Seeing(that)…表示“既然”,用以表明说话者的看法。这类非谓语动词部分已转化为连词或介词,类似的 Supposing/Providing/Considering…等等。 24.B whether…or 除引导名词性从句外,还引导状语从句,表让步,不管……还……。 28.D 此处 where 同 at which, 按此地址。 注意动词 reach 的宾语已提前用作主语, 不能将其宾语看作是 home address, “到达地址”显然不合适。 37.A 现行词 cases 抽象化且被谓语动词分隔,where 同 in which,在这些案例中。 38.D in that 为连词,在于,表示原因。句意:动物遭到残杀原因在于人类可就此开辟耕地为更多人提供食物。 57.D a whisper 低语、耳语;传闻,谣言,后续 that 引导的同位语从句。如:I’ve heard a whisper that he’s going to resign.我听到一个传闻,说他准备辞职。 59.D when 用作代词,较为特殊,和介词 since\by 等连用,可引起疑问句或定语从句;又如: Since when has the country been open to international trade? (2007NMET 陕西卷) 60.C 被替代对象为前文中的 The English,不可数,故排除选项 D,修饰语 spoken in England 作定语,不是完整 的句子,故排除选项 A 和 B。 65.C another 用于“another+数词+复数名词”搭配中表“又、再” ;而 other 用于“数词 other+n.”搭配中表“其 余的” ;more 用于“数词+more+n.”搭配中,表“更多的” ;every 用于“every+数词+n.”搭配中表“每逢”之意。 67.D many 修饰可数名词复数;much 修饰不可数名词;some 常用于肯定句中;any 修饰名词常不用于肯定句中 表“任一” 。

72.B 从题干动词 make 可以看出,选项 C 和 D 应排除,so/such that 为从属连词,后接从句;such 为代词,表这 样的人或物,作表语,后续不定式表结果,其前加 as to 以示强调。 104.A 此题考查时态兼语态。句意:明天继续维持阴雨天气,届时将迎来冷锋。动词 expect 表示“预计” ,用英 语来解释即为 to think or believe something will happen or somebody will come,可见其表示的动作尚未发生,故排除选项 D;从语态上考虑,主语为受动对象,故选择被动语态。 111.B 描述过去某个时刻正在进行的动作用过去进行时。 158.B only to do 表示出其不意的结果,注意排除假象干扰;动词-ing 形式作状语。 192.D Who cares? 有谁在乎呢? Is it as bad as (all)that?有这么严重吗? 199.D primary 首要的、 根本的; 初等教育的; 初始的。 normal 正常的; constant 不断的; 恒定的; 忠实的; permanent 永久的。 204.D typical 典型的、有代表性的;一向如此的。如:It was typical of her to forget.她这人就是爱忘事。normal 正 常的;ordinary 普通的;common 共有的。 213.B organized 已转化为形容词,表示“有条理的” 。如:I am not very organized these days.我这些天脑子有点乱。


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