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江苏省苏、锡、常、镇四市2012届高三教学调研测试(二)英语试题_图文

苏 锡 常 镇 四市2012届高三教学调研测试(二) 英 语

2012年5月 注意: 本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。两部分答案都做在 答题纸上。 总分为120分。考试时间120分钟。 第一卷 (选择题 共 85 分) 第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 20 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将 试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时 间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where are the speakers? A. At the airport. B. In a shop. C. At the railway station. 2. What will the man have? A. A blood test. B. A job interview. C. A physical examination. 3. When will the man probably meet with Mrs. Jones? A. At 9:00. B. At 9:15. C. At 10:00. 4. What’s the weather probably like tomorrow? A. Snowy. B. Warm. C. Rainy. 5. What does the woman mean? A. The man can live with her parents. B. She will rent an apartment for him. C. The man should book a cheaper hotel. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从每题所给的 A、B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你 将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时 间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至第 7 题。 6. Which position does the man most probably hold? A. General manager. B. Secretary. C. Department manager. 7. What do you think the man will do this weekend? A. Have relaxation. B. Continue working. C. Help the woman. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至第 10 题。 8. What are the two speakers talking about? A. Repairing machines. B. Operating machines. C. Designing machines. 9. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Master and servant. B. Boss and secretary. C. Shift leader and worker. 10. What can we learn from the conversation? A. Left-handers can't run the machines.

B. The woman only uses her right hand. C. The woman is more skillful than the man. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至第 13 题。 11. Why are they going to have an interview? A. To find someone to teach their kids. B. To find someone to clean the house. C. To find someone to look after their kids. 12. What is the shortcoming of the last girl they mentioned in the dialogue? A. She didn't work hard. B. She wasn't on time. C. She didn't tell the truth. 13. What quality is not a must in the man's opinion? A. Being hard-working. B. Being honest. C. Being friendly. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至第 16 题。 14. What is the woman? A. A guide. B. A reporter. C. A governor. 15. How does the man feel about the present state of the forest? A. Nervous. B. Curious. C. Worried. 16. What does the man expect the government to do? A. To offer guidance. B. To give them money. C. To provide volunteers. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17. What does Jobs Information Service mainly do for school graduates? A. Ask them questions. B. Find jobs for them. C. Give them help and advice. 18. What can we learn from the passage? A. Many young people who have just left school find it difficult to get a job. B. Jobs Information Service got in touch with young people only several months ago. C. People should pay a large amount of money if they talk to Jobs Information Service. 19. When can people contact Jobs Information Service? A. At 3 pm. B. At 8 am. C. At 9 pm. 20. In which way can people reach Jobs Information Service? A. By mail. B. By phone. C. Through the Internet. 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21.Heidi Hankins has ______ IQ of 159 and has become one of _______ youngest members of Mensa. A. the; 不填 B. an; the C. a; the D. an; an 22. --- Mum, the constant noise around here _______ me crazy! --- Concentrate on your reading. It's none of your business. A. drove B. drives C. is driving D. had driven 23. When reading a novel, it is important to look at the political and cultural context

_______ the novel is written. A. why B. that C. which D. where 24.---How can my daughter develop her interest in literature? ---You should _______ her to classical literary works. A. devote B. apply C. expose D. recommend 25. ---________the plane have taken off on time? --- I'm afraid not. So many flights were delayed due to the bitterly cold weather. A. Need B. Should C. Can D. Must 26. Young people can accomplish what they want through such simple acts as keeping themselves ________ and approaching everything with total commitment. A. focusing B. focused C. having focused D. to focus 27. ---How do you find James Cameron's 3D version of Titanic? ---Fantastic! It can't be _______ and has brought us a wonderful experience. A. as impressive B. more impressive C. most impressive D. so impressive 28. ---How was the journey? ---Tiring! All the seats in the train ________. I stood all the way. A. were occupied B. would be occupied C. would occupy D. had occupied 29. Li Na's success has aroused new interest in tennis in China, which has also ________ a debate among fans, tennis players and experts. A. brought up B. brought about C. brought in D. brought out 30. In order to offer their children a better education, many parents will send them to college ____ it takes, even if that means a huge amount of debt. A. what B. that C. whatever D. however 31. ---I had practiced my spoken English many times, but still failed in the oral test. ---Don't be discouraged. ________ and you will surely pass it. A. Make a bit more effort B. To make a bit more effort C. Making a bit more effort D. If you make a bit more effort 32. ---Are you going to invite Jack to our party? ---No, but he's welcome to come along, ________ that he behaves himself. A. concerning B. considering C. regarding D. providing 33. Funding arrangements for the poor students are already________, with which they can go back to school to continue their study. A. in order B. in demand C. in place D. in vain 34. ---I didn't attend Tom's wedding yesterday. ---I ________, either, if my friend hadn't reminded me. A. wouldn't B. wouldn't have C. didn't D. hadn't 35. ---You really appreciate Justin Bieber's performances, don't you? ---______ . I just like his soft voice. A.Not exactly B. Don't mention it C. Not a little D. Don't say so 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选

出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I met Ryan, a young man with cerebral palsy (脑瘫), in my biology class. My simple "Hello!" and his cheerful reply were the 36 to our friendship from the first day of school. There was a time when Ryan was not able to come to school. He was in a great deal of 37 after having a surgery on his legs, but he 38 his sufferings from everyone. In our junior year, we found that we didn't 39 a single class. This was not a problem, though. We just talked a little more in the hallway 40 passing periods. That year seemed to fly by. One day, Ryan asked me to hold the torch (火炬) runner's flag that would ___41__ the spot where Ryan would 42 his Olympic torch run. He gently explained that he would be honored 43 I would accept this position for him. The Olympic committee sent a letter saying that the person that holds the flag for him must be someone 44 to him. He said I was the only true friend he had 45 made that talked to HIM and not to his wheel chair. How could I ___46 such a request? On the morning of June 5th, as I walked down the sidewalk, my heart 47 and my mind became a factory of questions. I kept wondering how everything was going to happen and how Ryan would 48 the huge crowd of thousands of people. After the van arrived, the other runners got out and lined up outside the van, chanting his name, "Ryan! Ryan!" Then all of the people 49 in, “Ryan! Ryan!”The lift then lowered Ryan to the ground. There he was, in all his 50 . It all became slow motion at the sight of the arriving torch. The runner lit Ryan's torch and then Ryan began his 51 . As he took off down the street, the chanting became louder and louder. The 52 filled the air and even I felt like I was on cloud number nine. I could not have been any prouder of Ryan! He 53 this moment in time --a historic moment--a moment that he was a part of and 54 me to be a part of, too. Mr. Weinheimer, the next torch runner, bent over and gave Ryan a hug. That moment will last in time forever. It symbolized the whole 55 of the flame: love, excitement, enthusiasm, brotherhood, and life of any man. The flame united us all and showed that love is really what makes this small world go around after all. 36.A. solutions B. keys C. routes D. responses 37.A. danger B. fear C. pain D. puzzle 38.A. hid B. prevented C. released D. relieved 39.A. change B. miss C. attend D. share 40.A. except B. for C. during D. before 41.A. mark B. test C. number D. decorate 42.A. cover B. begin C. continue D. lead 43.A. while B. although C. if D. unless 44.A. polite B. kind C. grateful D. important 45.A. ever B. never C. also D. even 46.A. admit B. refuse C. make D. repeat 47.A. ached B. raced C. stopped D. sank 48.A. explain to B. differ from C. respond to D. call on

49A. joined 50.A. potential 51.A. training 52.A. anxiety 53.A. deserved 54.A. promised 55.A. mystery

B. stepped C. poured D. broke B. preference C. glory D. surprise B. journey C. life D. struggle B. satisfaction C. harmony D. excitement B. recalled C. treasured D. chose B. encouraged C. allowed D. followed B. power C. information D. meaning

第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选 出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A It was August 10, 2011. Diana Nyad was dozens of miles into her dream to complete a 103-mile swim from Cuba to Key West. Because of the currents in the Florida Straits, Nyad would have to last 60 hours-if everything went perfectly. For two years, this dream of swimming from Cuba to Florida had been part of her every waking hour. She was about to turn 60. "I wanted to be filled with commitment to the best of myself so that 1 wasn't looking back later saying, 'What have I done with my life?''' says Nyad. Those extreme physical struggles are not new to her. In 1974, 25-year-old Nyad became the first person to swim across Lake Ontario against the current. A year later, Nyad's 28-mile swim around the island of Manhattan made the front page of the New York Times. "Physically, I'm stronger. I weigh a lot more," Nyad said after a training swim in Key West in June. "There are also mental advantages to being older," says Steven Munatones, an expert in swimming. Feeling a sharp pain in her right shoulder, she changed the angle of stroke (划), telling herself to go gently until her hand caught the water. In the 17th hour, she swam over to the boat, and the crew located a pain reliever. Nyad took it. She lay on her back, rolled onto her belly and continued swimming, and then she'd turn on her back again, gasping, unable to fill her lungs. "I'm trying to make it. I'm barely going forward. I feel so sick. This has been my dream forever, but I can hardly make it another hour," Nyad told David Marchant, the boat's navigator (领航员). Between the 23rd and 27th hours, Nyad had gone just five miles. "OK, Diana, I'm going to touch you, and it's going to be over," Stoll said. Nyad agreed. And with that, 29 hours and 43 minutes after she'd leaped into the water, the swim came to an end. "She just wouldn't quit. It was more amazing to see her not make it the way she fought than if everything had gone exactly right and she'd made it the whole way," says Mark Sollinger, who piloted Nyad's lead boat. At a press .conference in Key West after being pulled onto the support boat, Nyad choked back tears and said, "Sometimes the will is so strong. But I was shaking and freezing, and I thought, 'There's no mind over matter anymore.' I think I'm going to have to go to my grave without swimming from Cuba to Florida." But when Nyad returned home to Los Angeles, the pain began to fade. "Something says to me the goal is still there," says Nyad.

56. Nyad decided to swim from Cuba to Florida because she _______. A. wouldn't swim against the current B. wanted to prove she was stronger than before C. had David Marchant as her navigator D. wanted very much to fulfill her dream 57. We can learn from the passage that Nyad _______. A. refused any help as she struggled in the water to make it B. has given up the dream of swimming across the Florida Straits C. appeared on the front page of the New York Times at the age of25 D. began the swim from Cuba to Florida when she was about 60 years old 58. What can we conclude from what Mark Sollinger says in Paragraph 6? A. He didn't expect Nyad to succeed. B. He was disappointed at Nyad's failure. C. He really admired Nyad for her struggle. D. He was not sure about Nyad's success. 59. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. A Highly Skilled Swimmer B. The Unsinkable Diana Nyad C. A Regrettable Experience D. The Inspiring Adventure B IUCN, the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN WORLD CONSERVATION CONGRESS (大会) 6-15 September 2012, Jeju, Korea ?Forum Addressing the world's most pressing sustainable development challenges, the Forum offers a unique platform for debates, workshops, dialogues, roundtable discussions, training courses, music and exhibitions. Events are organized by the IUCN Secretariat, IUCN Members, Commissions and partners and the host country. The Call for Contributions invites you to propose events to be considered for the Forum, part of Congress which is open to all (from 7 to 11 September 2012). ?Simple steps on how to submit a proposal for the Forum 1) Click here: Call for Contributions: propose an event for the Forum. 2) Go below "Sign in" and create your account. 3) Edit your proposal: Check again all the information you provide and make changes if you want to. Click on Save draft. 4) Invite co-organizers: Get people to join you in organizing the event by inviting them via e-mail. 5) Click on Submit Proposal. Basically, you have the opportunity to teach, host a discussion, give training or just show your work. Workshops (TEACH) ?120 minutes session, number of people to be confirmed. ?The idea is to promote understanding on a specific issue while engaging participants to share their knowledge and know-how.

Knowledge Cafe (DISCUSS) ?120 minutes session, suitable for 12 people at the most. ?These aim to share collective knowledge (explore areas of common interest) and gain a deeper understanding of a subject and the issues involved. Conservation Campus (TRAIN) ?Half day or full day modules (模式), for up to 30 people. ?It's an interactive (互动的) training session where participants develop new skills and knowledge transfer on relevant conservation topics. ?This type of event provides more in-depth exploration of topics aimed at building the capacity of participants. Posters (SHOW) ?Your posters are meant to "display conservation work and achievements in an easy and direct way. ?Owners will have time to present their poster during lunch breaks (approximately 10 minutes). 60. The Call for Contributions is intended to ________. A. appeal to the public to protect the environment B. invite more people to participate in workshops C. collect proposals for the Forum of IUCN Congress D. introduce the 2012 IUCN World Conservation Congress 61. The following statements about the Forum are true EXCEPT that _______. A. it will last 2 hours with more than 30 participants B. Conservation Campus lasts about half a day or a whole day C. the number of people shouldn't be more than a dozen in a Knowledge Cafe D. a poster owner will have about 10 minutes to present his work at lunch breaks 62. We can learri from the passage that _ A. the Forum will last from 6 to 15 September 2012 B. the host country is the only organizer of the Forum C. areas of common interest will be explored in Workshops D. certain procedures are required for your proposals to be considered C Research shows that childhood friendships are important indicators of future success and social adjustment. Children's relationships with peers (同龄人) strongly influence their success in school, and children with fewer friends are more at risk of dropping out of school, becoming depressed and other problems. Making and Keeping Friends Is More Than Child's Play When 6-year-old Rachel returned to school on a recent Monday morning, her eyes immediately scanned the playground for her friend Abbie. Though they were only separated by a weekend, the girls "ran right into each other's arms and hugged," recalls Rachel's mother Kathryn Willis of Gilbert. "It was like a scene from a movie." Most parents instinctively (本能地) know that having friends is good for their child. Experts agree that friendship is not simply child's play, but a powerful predictor of social adjustment throughout life. A Skill for Life

"Childhood friendships serve as a very important training ground for adulthood," says Dr. Robbie Adler-Tapia, psychologist with the Center for Children's Health & Life Development at the East Valley Family Resource Center. Researcher William Hartup states, "Peer relations contribute significantly to both social and cognitive (认知的) development." Hartup concludes that the single best childhood predictor of adult social adaptation is not school grades or classroom behavior, but rather, how well a child gets along with other children. The work of Arizona State University professor of developmental psychology Gary Ladd proves that just as being able to make and keep friends is beneficial to kids, so is the lack of friends detrimental. Good Friendships Don't Just Happen Experts agree that it is essential for children to establish high-quality friendships. But, researchers warn, these friendships don't necessarily just happen. Often, a good friendship begins with involved parents. Valley psychologist Dr. Lynne Kenney Markan believes kids should be taught social skills in much the same way they are taught math and reading. Bad Company Many parents worry about the quality as well as the quantity of their child's friendships. "When she was in 1st grade, her supposed 'best friend' began calling her names and threatening to hurt her," says Mindy Miller. "My daughter wasn't allowed to talk to or even look at other girls in her class. It really crushed (压跨) her spirit. I told my daughter she didn't need a 'friend' like that." "I'll bend over backwards to help my son get together with a friend I think is good for him," Adler-Tapia says. "I don't look at it as manipulation (操纵), just positive parental involvement. " 63. The example of Rachel and Abbie is used to illustrate that ________. A. childhood friendship is of great significance to their growth B. a positive friendship helps children solve emotional and physical problems C. it is a proven fact that peer friendship is the most rewarding experience throughout life D. Rachel missed her friend Abbie very much because of their separation of one weekend 64. The underlined word "detrimental" could be replaced by _______. A. aggressive B. disappointing C. ridiculous D. harmful 65. We can learn from the passage that high-quality friendship most probably results from A. social skills and good study habits B. school grades and classroom behaviors C. academic success and social adaptation D. positive parental involvement and social skills 66. From the last paragraph we can conclude that Dr. Robbie Adler-Tapia agrees that A. parents should regard making friends as something that just happens B. it's wise for parents to support and encourage healthy peer relationships C. parents only need to help their children to cope with difficult social situations

D.parents are supposed to encourage their children to make as many friends as they can D Two new electronic book products (the SoftBook and the PocketBook) have gathered extensive press coverage, including articles in ABC News, the New York Times, San Jose Mercury News, and WIRED. An electronic book (e-book) is a book-length publication in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, and produced on, published through, and readable on computers or other electronic devices. Different from a traditional printed book, e-books are born digital. Being a firm believer in tablet computers for many tasks not involving heavy data entry, I applaud these new designs of the products. In particular, the SoftBook has nice leather binding (封皮), going far beyond the traditional (and boring) industrial design used for other portable computers. The PocketBook has a more traditional industrial design, typical of leading electronic gadgets (小配件). Unfortunately, neither company mentions their product's screen resolution (分 辨率). Low-resolution monitors (including all computer screens until now) have poor readability: people read about 25% slower from computer screens than from printed paper. Scientists believe that only the screen with 300 dpi displays has the same reading speed as print. So unless they have much better screens, electronic books will have a problem. A project called "the last book" is getting much attention, which aims at producing a computer in the form of a folio (对开本): a set of pages using "digital ink". Users would move forward in the information by turning pages just as they do in a printed book. Hopefully, the scientists will eventually invent a way to make the "digital ink" display characters at a high enough resolution to gain the same reading speed as print. Even when e-books gain the same reading speed as print, they will still be a bad idea. Page turning remains a bad interface (界面), even when it can be done more conveniently than by clicking the mouse on a "next page" button. Another problem is that most e-book publishers do not warn their customers about the real meaning of the digital rights management (DRM) tied to their products. Generally they claim that it is meant to prevent copying of the e-book. However, in many cases it is also possible that it will result in the complete denial of access by the purchaser to the e-book. The e-book is tied to a specific computer or device. In these cases, the DRM will usually let the purchaser move the book a limited number of times after which they cannot use it on any additional devices. If the purchaser upgrades or replaces their devices, they may lose access to their purchase. Some forms of the DRM depend on the existence of online services to authenticate (认证) the purchasers. When the company that provides the service goes out of business or decides to stop providing the service, the purchaser will no longer be able to access the e-book. 67. From the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3, we know that the writer _______. A. has bought the two new products before B. likes the special designs of the new products

C. thinks it more convenient to use traditional computers D. doesn't like the traditional design of portable computers 68. We can learn from the passage that _______. A. born digital, e-books can only be read on computers B. "digital ink" has gained the same reading speed as print C. now all the computers are using the screens with 300 dpi displays D. e-books may have slower reading speed compared with printed books 69. Due to the digital rights management, ________. A. the e-book should be tied to a specific device B. people should upgrade their devices regularly C. readers are likely to lose access to their purchase D. only purchasers can download the book without limit 70. This passage mainly talks about ________. A. the disadvantages of electronic books B. the future of electronic books C. the designs of electronic books D. two new electronic books 第二卷 (非选择题,共两大题, 共 35 分) 第四部分:任务型阅读 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最 恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的 横线上。 How to Take a Nap Whether you think you need daytime rest or not, picking up a nap habit-or continuing to make time for one-is a smart, healthy move. Consider the evidence: The Mayo Clinic says naps promote relaxation, reduce tiredness, better mood and recover alertness (机敏). A 2010 British study found that compared to getting more nighttime sleep or drinking more coffee, a mid-day nap was the best way to cope with the mid-afternoon slump (萎靡). The Harvard Health Letter says that several studies have shown that people remember new information better when they take a nap shortly after learning it. And, unbelievably, a 2007 study of nearly 24,000 Greek adults in the Archives of Internal Medicine found that people who napped regularly had a 37 percent reduced risk of dying from heart disease compared to people who didn't nap. To get the most out of your rest, follow these tips. How long to sleep: Naps provide different benefits depending on how long they are, says MentaIFloss.com. A 20-minute nap will promote alertness and concentration; a 90-minute nap which includes deeper stages of sleep, can strengthen creativity. The danger zone is when you're somewhere in between, because waking up in the middle of a sleep cycle can lead to sleep inertia(惯性). SO stick to 20 or 90 minutes for maximum benefits. If you wake up from a nap feeling confused or more tired, it's likely that your timing was just off. What time to sleep: Prevention.corn says that you experience a natural dip in body temperature (the same kind that makes you feel sleepy at night) between 1 p.m. and 3 p.m. A power nap at this time can promote alertness for several hours and, for most people, won't affect being able to fall asleep at night.

How to get comfortable: MentalFloss.com says it takes about 50 percent longer to fall asleep sitting up than lying down. (That's why we sleep so poorly on planes and trains!) Pick a dark, cozy place that's not too warm or too chilly. Prevention.com recommends napping on the couch instead of in bed, so you won't snooze for too long. Surprisingly, the best place to sleep may be a hammock (吊床) if you have one. A Swiss study published last year found that people fell asleep faster and had deeper sleep when they napped in a hammock than in a bed. That same rocking motion that causes babies to sleep works wonders for grown-ups too. Consider a "caffeine nap": It sounds strange, but drinking coffee right before a nap may be the perfect aid for maximum alertness. Since caffeine takes 20 to 30 minutes to take full effect, you'll feel even more alert after your 20-minute nap.

第五部分:书面表达 (满分 25 分) 林书豪(Jeremy Lin)在 NBA 的优异表现在全球掀起了一股"林旋风"。近期 某网站 就林书豪现象对网民进行了一次调查,结果见下表。请根据下面表格的 文字内容和饼状图,用英语写一篇短文,短文内容须包括表中提供的所有信息。

注意: 1.对所给提示,不要简单翻译,可适当增加细节,使行文连贯。 2.词数 150 左右。开头己给出,不计入总词数。 Recently, a survey on Jeremy Lin has been conducted among netizens on a website. _______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________