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2011考研英语核心词汇巧计方法(10000词汇免费下载)


2011 考研英语词汇 第一部分 考研英语核心词汇 记单词时不要采用从 A——Z 的顺序,而是要灵活搭配,比如 A 和 J, B 和 O,C 和 N,D 和 L 等,这样记起来既不觉得累又有成就感。一定记住吴老师的建议:每天晚上看 1-2 页,把自己 已经记住的暂时划出来, 第二天早上无论多忙都要把前一天晚上看过的单词复习一遍, 然后再分 别过 3 天、7 天、15 天、30 天各复习一遍,坚持下来,到考前一周看最后一遍时,你会觉得大 部分单词都已经很熟悉了。 另外, 务必要把自己做过的历年真题或模拟题中的词汇题集中整理起 来,这样的对比记忆特别有助于我们对近义近形词汇的辨析。这样坚持学习,双管齐下,一定会 取得良好学习效果! abide abolish abrupt absolute absorb abstract absurd abuse access 遵循(…by) ;容忍 反常的 The one thing she cannot abide is lying. abnormal abnormal behavior an abrupt departure have absolute trust in sb.

彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等)abolish old custom 突然的,意外的 纯粹的,完全的 吸收,吸进 抽象的

A sponge absorbs water. A flower is beautiful, but beauty itself is abstract. The idea that number 14 brings bad luck is absurd. accelerate one’s steps have regular and immediate access to the President accommodate oneself to changed circumstances accomplish one's purpose

荒谬的,荒唐的 滥用 加速,增速

abuse one's authority(office)

aaccelerate accommodate accompany accomplish accord account accumulate accurate accuse accustom acquaint activate

接近(或进入)的机会 陪伴,伴随

使适应,使符合一致

She was accompanied to a dinner by her friend. His violent action do not accord with his peaceful words. accumulate wisdom

达到(目的) ,完成(任务) ,实现(计划,诺言等) 记述,叙述

使符合,相一致(with) 积累,积攒,积聚 准确的,精确的 指控,指责 使习惯于

give a brief account of what has happened an accurate estimate

They accused her publicly of stealing their books. accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early They have planted secret agents in many countries who could be activated whenever needed.

使认识,使了解 使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动

acute adapt address adhere

尖锐的,敏锐的 (使)适应 演说 黏附,附着

an acute thinker

adapt oneself to new conditions Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another. a city and its adjacent suburbs In many Japanese homes, the funds are administrated a film aimed at adolescents
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a television address

adjacent adjoin

临近的,毗邻的(to) 贴近,与...毗邻

His house adjoins the lake. by the wife.

administrate adolescent

掌管,料理...的事务

(尤指 16 岁以下的)青少年

advance advantage adverse advocate aesthetic

使向前移动

advance a chessman Sitting Presidents hold built-in advantages when seeking another term. She felt adverse to her husband's friends. advocate self-defence an aesthetic theory a government affiliated company

有利条件,优点 不友好的,敌对的 拥护,提倡,主张

美学的,艺术的,审美

affliliate affirm aggravate aggressive agitate alarm alert alien allege allocate allied allow alter amateur amaze ambiguous ambition amend amuse anchor announce annoy annual answer

使隶属(或附属)于,使成为会员 加重,加剧,恶化 侵犯的,侵略的

断言,申明

affirm the truth of a statement aggravate the declining economy an aggressive weapon

搅动(液体等) 惊恐,忧虑 外国的 警惕的,留神的 断言,宣称

The machine agitated the mixture. In our reading we should always be alert for new usages.

The bandits scattered in alarm.

adjust to an alien culture The newspaper alleges the mayor's guilt. allocate funds for new projects allied nations He missed her more than he would allow himself to admit. a housing allowance

分配,分派,把...拨给 结盟的,有关联的

允给,准许,允许 改变,更改

allowance alternate

津贴,补贴,零用钱 交替,轮流

alter an attitude Night and day alternate. an amateur golfer I am amazed that he should get the post. an ambiguous answer His political ambitions still burn.

(艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者 使惊愕,使惊异 含糊不清的,模棱两可的

(对名利等的)强烈欲望,野心

修改,修订 锚

amend the spelling in sb.'s paper

逗乐,逗笑,给...提供娱乐(或消遣) The clown at the circus amused the children. The anchor catches (drags). 宣布,声称 每年的,年度的 回答,响应 It is officially announced that he will not run for reelection. She was annoyed at (with) his lightheard attitude. the annual output of steel an anonymous letter (phone call)

使恼怒,使生气

anonymous anticipate anxious apart appeal applaud apply appoint appraise apparent

匿名的,无名的 预期,预料

Henry took ages to answer the door. The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand would fall). They become anxious at her delay.

焦虑的,发愁的(about, at) 成零碎 显然的,明明白白的 呼吁,恳求 涂,敷 鼓掌,喝彩,叫好 任命,委派 估量,估计

Such cheap clothes come apart after a few washings. It was apparent that they all understood. I appealed to the children to make less noise. The audience applauds the performers for three minutes.

He applied two coats of paint to the table. They appointed his father (to be 或 as) postmaster. appraise the infant's weight
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appreciate apprehend approach approve apt arise arouse array appropriate approximate arbitrary

感激

I appreciated your help much. Do you apprehend that there will be any difficulty? John is approaching manhood. Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear. The approximate time is 10 o'clock. A careless person is apt to make mistakes. an arbitrary choice Don’t worry. I couldn't approve his conduct.

对...担心 靠近,接近 赞成,同意

恰当的,相称的

大概的,大约的,近似的

(习性)易于......的,有......倾向的 随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的 arise from one's seat 起立,起身 排列,队形

使......奋发

A man like Tom will be aroused.

The troops were formed in battle array. He is articulate about everything in the field of economics. artificial price controls

articulate artificial ascend ashamed ashore aside assault assemble assert assess assign

发音清晰的,善于表达的 人工的,人造的,人为的

登高, (渐渐)上升,升高 惭愧的,羞耻的 向岸,向陆地 在旁边 攻击,袭击 集合,召集

The airplane ascended into the cloud.

ascertain 查明,弄清,确定

I ascertained that he was dead.

I am ashamed for being so stupid.

He swam ashore. We made an assault on the enemy fort. assemble the members of Parliament for a special meeting. He asserted his innocence. assess the present state of the economy The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson. We naturally associated the name of Darwin with the He is quick to assimilate new ideas. doctrine of evolution.

We stood aside to let her pass.

肯定地说(出) ,坚定地断言 估价,评价,评论 分配,布置(作业) 吸收,消化

assimilate associate assume

(使)联系, (使)结合

假定,假设

Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming (that) the weather si favarable.

assure 深信不疑地对......说,向......保证 assurance astonish attach attain attend 保证,把握,信心 使惊讶 达到,获得 He gave me his assurance that he would help. I was astonished at his sudden appearance. attach a label to a suitcase attain one’s goal attend a wedding

系,贴,连接

出席,参加(会议等) 注意的,专心的

attendance attentive attribute work. auxiliary avail average avert

出席,参加,出席人数,出席率 Our class has perfect attendance today. an attentive audience He attributed his success to hard 把归因于, 把...... 过错的责任等) ( 归于(to) 辅助的 an auxiliary rocket Will force alone avail us? The paper receives an average of nearly 100 articles a day. Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy.
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有利于,有助于 平均数,平均 挡开,防止,避免

awake award ban bang bar bare behave

醒,觉醒

awake from sleep The university awarded him an honorary degree. He was banned from entering the city.

授予(奖品等) (突发的)

(以官方明令)禁止,取缔 条,块,杆,棒

sudden loud bang a bar of gold walk in bare feet If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand. Do behave. I’m bewildered as to which one to buy.

赤裸的,光秃的,空无内容的 预先,事先 使迷惑,使糊涂 举止端正,听话 偏见,偏心 责备,责怪 火焰 钝的

beforehand bewilder bias blame blast blaze blunt blush boast bolt boom border bore bounce bound boycott brace breed bribe brief brisk brittle brush bump burst call cancel capture case cast casual cease certify challenge character

have a bias against sb.(或 sth.) Public opinion blames Mrs Smith for leading the girl astray. a blast of wind

一阵(风) ,一股(气流)

The fire sprang into a blaze. The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppressive. blush with(或 for) joy He is full of boasts. a small bag of nuts and bolts

(因害羞、激动、窘困)脸红 自吹自擂,自夸的话 螺栓, (门,窗的)插销 低沉有回响的声音 边界,边境,边沿 钻孔,挖(通道) 弹起,反弹 跳跃,弹回 托架,支架 (使)繁殖 贿赂

The great bell tolled with a deep boom. a district on the Kampuchean side of the border with Thailand bore through a wall

The ball doesn’t bounce well. She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly. boycott uncooperative manufactures He braced his muscles and lifted the weight. Rabbits breed families rapidly. a brief holiday brittle glass The truck bumped against the wall in the dark.

(联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加

accept(或 take)a bribe from sb. a brisk pace

短暂的,简短的,简洁的 轻快的,生气勃勃的 易碎的,一碰就破的 刷子,毛刷 爆炸,爆裂 喊,叫

a laundry brush The boiler burst. calculate the distance between New York and Chicago cancel a trip This is a case of poor judgment. cast doubt(s) on the feasibility of a scheme a casual meeting The music ceased suddenly.

碰,撞(against, into) 计算,推算

calculate

Please call the names of all the people who are present. capture butterflies

取消,废除,删去 俘虏,捕获 事例,事实,事情 投,扔,抛,撒,掷 停止,终止,结束 证明,证实 向...挑战

偶然的,无计划的,随便的,非正式的

The accounts were certified (as) correct. Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match. The furniture in Tom’s apartment was pretentious and
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(事物的)性质,特质

without character. charge charm chase check cherish chew choke chorus chronic clarity cling clumsy cluster clutch coherent coin coincide collapse collide come 要(价) ,收(费) 魅力,魔力 追逐,追求 珍爱,珍视 窒息,噎住 合唱队 (疾病)慢性的, (人)久病的 澄清,阐明 粘着 笨拙的 clarify an issue chronic indigestion The airlines charge half price for students. This thriving resort town has retained its village charm. The police chased the escaping thief and caught him at last. check one’s steps cherish one’s native land be choked by smoke

使突然停止,制止 嚼,咀嚼

He chewed a mouthful of meat.

The frightened child clung to her mother. a clumsy boy a cluster of tourists clutch at an opportunity lack coherent political goals a silver coin He and I collaborated in writing plays. 100 Centigrade coincides with 212 Fahrenheit. The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow.

(果实,花等的)串,束,簇; (人或物)的群,组 紧抓,紧握 一致的,协调的 相符,相一致

硬币,钱币,金属货币

collaborate (尤指在文艺、 科学等方面) 合作, 协作 倒坍,崩溃,瓦解 碰撞,互撞

The car collided with the truck. commemorate a holiday a compact piece of luggage compare the body to a finely tuned machine You should choose a roommate more compatible to your tastes.

来,来到

Will you come to the dance tonight? commend a soldier for bravery

commemorate commend compact compare

纪念,庆祝

表扬,称赞

紧密的,坚实的

比较,对照(with, to)

compatible compile comply compose compress comprise compromise compulsory conceal conceive condemn condense confer confess

能和睦相处的, 合的来的

汇编,编制 组成,构成 压缩 包含,包括

compile an anthology of poems comply with rules(safety regulations) England, Scotland, and Wales compose the island of Great Britain. The shipyard comprises three docks. compromise over the hard-fought next. a compulsory subject He concealed his disappointment from his friends. concentrate one’s attention condense a speech to half

遵从,顺从,服从

He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a few sentences

妥协,折衷

必须做的,义务的 构想出,设想 集中,专心

隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽

conceive an idea

concentrate 谴责

We all condemn cruelty to children. confer with sb. Over (on, about, concerning) sth. confess one’s crime break sb.’s confidence
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(使)压缩, (使)凝结,使简洁 商谈,商议 信任 坦白,供认,承认,忏悔

confidence

confine confirm conform confront confuse connect conscious consent conserve consider consist

限制,使局限 证实,肯定 遵照,适应 使混乱,混淆 连接,连接

They succeeded in confining the fire to a small area. confirm a rumour The conflict between Greece and Troy lasted ten years. The war confronted him with hardships. confirm to(或 with) the rules(the law) He confused the arrangements by arriving late. The bridge connects the island with(或 to) the mainland. They were conscious that he disapproved. The people will never consent to another war. conserve natural resources

conflict (尤指长期的) 战争, 战斗 (使)面临, (使)遭遇

意识到的,自觉地 同意,赞同,准许 保护,保藏,保存 考虑,细想 组成,构成(of) 巩固,加强

Consider carefully before doing anything. The house consists of six rooms. consolidate one’s position He felt as conspicuous as if he had stood on a stage.

consolidate conspicuous constant constitute consult contact

显眼的,明显的,引人瞩目的

经常的,不断的 组成,构成

a constant noise constitute a threat to sb. consult a doctor about one’s illness

请教,与......商量

consume 消费,花费: consume much of one’s time in reading 接触,联系,交往: be in contact with sb contain 包括,容纳, a list containing twelve items contaminate 弄脏,污染,玷污,毒害: Fumes contaminate the air contempt 轻视,轻蔑:show a contempt for sb contest 竞赛,比赛,竞争:the contest between the two powers for the control of the region contract 合同,契约:enter into(make)a contact with contradict 反驳,同….相矛盾,同….相抵触:The facts contradict his theory contrary 相反的,对抗的:take the contrary view contrast 对 照 , 对 比 ,( 对 比 之 下 显 出 的 ) 差 异 :the contrast between the two forms of government contribute 捐(款等),捐献:He contributed 5dollars to the charity every payday contrive 设计,想出:contrive a new method controversy(尤之以文字形式进行的争论),辨证:a point of controversy convention(正式)会议,(定期)大会:draft a new constitution at a convention convert 转变,转化:convert coal to (into) pipeline gas convey 运送,输送,传送:a wire conveys an electric current convict(经审讯)证明…有罪,宣判…有罪:He was convicted of smuggling coordinate 调节,协调:coordinate the functions of government agencies cordial 热情友好的,热诚的,真心的:a cordial hello(smile, invitation) correspond 相符合相称(to,with):Fulfillment seldom corresponds to anticipation correspondent 通信者,通讯员,记者:a good(bad)correspondent corresponding 符合的,一致的:corresponding fingerprints corrode(渐渐)损害,(一点一点地)损伤:Bribery corrodes the confidence that must exist between buyer and seller
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corrupt 堕落的,腐败的,贪赃舞弊的:lead a corrupt life count 数,计算: count the money course 课程,科目:an English course courtesy 谦恭有礼。有礼的举止(或)言辞:come in without courtesy credit 信任,可信性:I have full credit in your ability to do the job。 crucial 决定性的,关键性的:a crucial decision cue 提示,暗号,信号:throw cues to sb cultivate 耕作,栽培,养殖:cultivate vegetables cure 治愈,医治:this medicine cured him of his pains。 cut 切,割,剪,砍,削; The Mayor cut the ribbon to open a trade exhibition. D dawn 黎明,拂晓 work from dawn to dark dazzle (强光等)使目眩,耀眼:He was dazzled by his sudden success. deceive 欺骗,蒙蔽:deceive oneself decent 体面的,像样的:She didn’t have a decent dress for the ball. decline 拒绝,谢绝:We sent him an invitation but he declined. decompose 分解,腐烂,腐败:decompose a compound into its elements. dedicate 奉献,把。。用在(to): The doctor dedicated himself to finding a cure. 。 deduce 演绎,推论:From her conversation, I deduced that she had a large family. define 解释,给。。下定义: People define him as a genius. 。 deform(使)变形:Heat deforms plastic. defy 公然违抗,反抗:He was going ahead defying all difficulties. degenerate 衰退,堕落,变坏(into): Her eyesight degenerated with the years. deliberate 慎重的,深思熟虑的:The government is taking deliberate action to lower prices. delight 高兴,快乐:To the teacher’s great delight , all his students passed the examination. deliver 投递,传送,运输:deliver the mail demonstrate 论证,证明 :demonstrate a philosophical principle denote 表示,是。。的标志,意思是:A frown often denotes displeasure. 。 dense 稠密的,密集的:a dense forest deposit 存放: She deposited her bag in the cloakroom. depress 使沮丧,使消沉:That movie depressed me. deprive 剥夺,使丧失:deprive sb. of his property derive 取得,得到:He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. descend 下来,下降:Darkness descended too soon. deserve 应得,值得:The question deserves consideration. designate 指明,表明:designate boundaries desolate 荒芜的,不毛的:desolate land despise 蔑视,鄙视:He despises flattery. detach 拆卸:They detached their trailer and set up camp. detain 留住,担搁:be detained by business. detect (当场)发现(某人在干坏事):detect a student cheating
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deteriorate (使)恶化,(使)变坏,(使)退化: Relations between the two countries began to deteriorate. deviate 背离,偏离:deviate from the rule devote 将...献给(to):Mary devoted her life to caring for the sick. diagnose 诊断,判断:The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza. dictate 口授,使听写:dictate a letter to a secretary differentiate 使不同,使有差别,区分,区别:differentiate varieties of plants diffuse 扩散(气体,液体等) :The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky. diminish 减少,降低:His illness diminished his strength. diplomat 外交家,外交官,圆滑的人:a career diplomat discard 丢弃,抛弃:discard an old pair of shoes discern 看出,觉察出:We could discern from his appearance that he was upset. disclose 揭露,透露,使公开:disclose information to sb. discharge 释放:The judge found him not guilty and discharged him. discount 把(价格,费用等)打折扣,削价出售:The store discounts 3 per cent on all bills paid when due. discriminate 区别,辨别:It’s difficult to discriminate between the twin brothers. disgrace 丢脸,耻辱:bring disgrace on oneself disgust 厌恶,恶心:feel disgust for bad odors disperse 分散,驱散,散去:Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas displace 移动。。 。 的位置: Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the rising floodwaters dispose 布置,整理:The stores disposed the jewellery in an attractive display disregard 不理会,不顾:Disregard the noise and keep working distinct 有区别的,不同的:Three distinct types of people distort 扭歪,扭曲:a face distorted by (或 with)pain distract 使转向:be distracted from one’s original purpose distribute 分配,分发:distribute the prizes among the winners divorce 离婚,分离,脱离:sue for a divorce dominate 分配,统治:a white dominated society donate 捐赠,赠送:They donate to the Red Cross every year. doom 命运,厄运,劫数:His doom was to be poverty. doze 打瞌睡,打盹儿:The old lady dozed in her armchair. drain 慢慢排去:drain water from a pool dread 怕,畏惧:I dread to think of what may happen. drift 漂流,漂泊:The sounds of music drifted up to us. dubious 引起怀疑的,不确定的:a dubious reply due 欠款的,应支付的:A great deal of money is due to you. dump 倾倒,倾卸:He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk. duplicate 完全一样的,复制的:a duplicate key durable 耐用的:a durable fabric dwell (dwelt 或 dwelled ) (尤指作为常住居民)居住: dwell on an island E economical 节约的,节俭的,经济的: an economical stove
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edge 边,棱: At the edge of the lake women were doing their washing edible 可以吃的,可食用的:edible oil elaborate 精心计划(或制作)的,详尽的:an elaborate plot elevate 举起,提高,抬起:elevate the living standards of the people eliminate 排除,消除:eliminate the exploitation of man by man elite 出类拔萃的人(或物),精华:the elite of the society eloquent 雄辩的,口才流利的,有说服力的:an eloquent spokesman embark 上船(或飞机,汽车等):embark for Europe at New York harbor embody 使具体化,表现:embody principles in actions embrace 拥抱:She embraced her son tenderly emigrate 移居外国(或外地区):emigrate from Canada to Australia emit 发出,散发(光,热,电度,声音,液体,气味等),发射电子:The chimney emitted a cloud of smoke enclose (从四面八方)围住,包围:enclose a porch with glass encounter 意外的遇见,遭遇:encounter an old friend in the theatre endeavor (为达到某一目的而)努力,尝试:How much he endeavored, goal stayed unattained energy 活力,精力:a man of energy enforce 实施,使生效:The principal enforced the rules of the school engage (用契约诺言等)约束,使订婚:He engaged himself as an apprentice to a printer enhance 提高(价格,质量,吸引力等),增加,增强:enhance one’s reputation enlighten 启发,使摆脱偏见(或迷信)Would you enlighten me on your plans for the future? enroll 吸收(成员),招生:The school enrolled about 300 pupils last year ensure 保证,担保:His industriousness and ability will ensure his success entertain 给。。 。娱乐,使有兴趣:The child is entertaining himself with his building blocks entitle 给。。权利,给。。资格(to):Robert was entitled to see the documents 。 。 equivalent 相等的,相同的:The misery of such a position is equivalent to its happiness erase 擦掉,抹掉,消除:erase the chalk marks erect 竖直的,垂直的,竖起的:an erect tree erupt (火山,喷泉等)喷发:The volcano is due to erupt any day essence 本质,实质,要素:Being thoughtful of others is the essence of politeness eternal 永恒的,永存的,永久的:eternal truths evaluate 估价,评价:evaluate property evaporate (使)蒸发,(使)挥发:Heats evaporate water exaggerate 夸张,夸大,对…言过其实:keep to the facts and don’t exaggerate exceed 超出,胜过:Her performance exceeded all the others excess 超越,超过:an excess of supply over demand execute 实行,实施,执行,履行:execute a plan exemplify 例示,举例证明,是…的例证(或榜样等):The teacher exemplified the use of the word exert 用力,尽力:exert all one’s strength exhaust 汲空,抽完:exhaust a well expand 扩大,扩展,膨胀:Reading(travel)expands one’s mind expel 驱逐,赶走:expel an invader from a country
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expend 花费,消费(on, in):They expended all their strength in (on) trying to climb out expire 满期,届期,(期限)终止:His term of office expires this year explicit 详尽的,明确的:give explicit directions exploit 英勇的或冒险的行为或事迹:The daring of exploit of the parachutists were much admired exterior 外部的,外面的,外表的:exterior decorations external 外面的,外部的:external signs of a disease extinct (火等)熄灭了的:an extinct cigarette(fire) extinguish 熄灭,扑灭:extinguish a cigarette(candle) extract 取出,提取:extract a confession extravagant 奢侈的,浪费的:be extravagant in one’s way of living F fabricate 建造,制造:The finest craftsmen fabricated this clock facilitate 使变得(更)容易,使便利:Such a port would facilitate the passage of oil from the Middle East to Japan fade (颜色)褪去:The color in this material will not fade faint 不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的:a faint idea fancy 想象力:Children usually have a lively fancy fare 车费,船费,飞机票价:full (half) fare fascinate 强烈的吸引,迷住,使神魂颠倒:be fascinated with history fashion 方式,样子:She speaks in a very strange fashion favor 恩惠,善意的行为:We would esteem it a great favor if you would reply at once feasible 可行的:a feasible plan(idea) feeble 虚弱的,无力的:His pulse was very feeble feed 喂养,饲养:feed a baby at the breast figure 数字:according to official figures finance 财政,金融:skill in finance finite 有限的,有限制的:a finite number of facts flare (火焰)闪耀,(摇曳不定地)燃烧:candle flaring in the wind flash 闪光,闪烁:a flash of lighting flat 平坦的,扁平的:a flat land flatter 奉承,使高兴:I feel greatly flattered by your invitation flavor 味,味道,风味:drama with a European flavor flee 逃走,逃掉:The enemy troops fled in utter confusion flexible 柔韧易,弯曲的:flexible cord fling(用力)扔,掷,抛,丢:fling sb into prison flourish 茂盛,繁荣,兴旺:Painting flourished in Italy in the fifteenth century fluctuate 波动,起伏:You can’t march in a straight line to the victory, you fluctuate it flush 脸红:Her cheeks flushed red forbid 不许,禁止:Wine is absolutely forbidden to all the children forge 锻炼:forge a horse-shoe out of an iron bar formulate 规划(制度等),构想出(计划方法等)formulate a policy
10

fracture 裂缝,裂痕: a fracture in the pipe frequent 时常发生的,频繁的:His trips to France are less frequent now frown 皱眉:frown at sb frustrate 挫败,阻挠,使灰心,使无效:frustrate a plan fulfill (fulfilled, fulfilling)履行,实现,完成: fulfill a contract furnish 供应,提供:furnish blankets for the refugees fury 狂怒,暴怒:fly into a fury fuss 大惊小怪,乱忙,小题大做:make much fuss over losing a penny G gallop (马等的)飞跑,疾驰:The horse did a fine gallop during the race gamble 赌博:gamble at cards gasp 喘气,喘息:speak between gasps gear 齿轮,传动装置,(排)档:interlock cogs and gears generalize 归纳,概括:I don’t think you can generalize about what voters will do generate 产生,发生(电、热、光、力、摩擦力等):generate electricity genuine 真的,非人造的,名副其实的:genuine leather gesture 手势,示意动作:raise one’s hands in a gesture of despair glance 一瞥,扫视:take a glance at the newspaper headlines glare 怒视,瞪眼:give the jury a glare glimpse 一瞥,一看:have a glimpse of (into)sth glitter 闪闪发亮(或发光),光彩夺目,闪耀:His language glitters with marvelous words glory 光荣,荣誉:The soldiers hoped to win glory on the battle field glow 发热,发光,发红:the fire glowing in the darkness gossip 流言蜚语:give rise to gossip govern 统治,管理:govern a nation grace 优美:She ran well, grace in every movement graduate (使)大学毕业:graduate from college grant 同意,准予:grant a request grease 油脂,动物脂:the grease spot on the envelope greet 问候,招呼:greet sb with a nod grieve 使悲伤,使伤心:The little girl grieved over her kitten’s death grind (ground)磨,磨碎,碾碎:grind wheat into flour grip 抓紧,紧握:Fear gripped his heart gross 总的,毛的:gross income guarantee 保证,保证书,保单:Wealth is no guarantee of happiness H hail 欢呼,喝彩:The crowd hailed the actress with joy halt (行进中的)暂停前进,中止,终止:The car came to a sudden halt hamper 妨碍,阻碍:hamper sb from getting elected handicap 障碍,不利条件:Poor eyesight is a handicap to a student haste 急速,急忙,仓促,草率: Why all this haste? hatch 孵,孵出:hatch (out) chickens hazard 危险,危害物,危险之源:a life full of hazards
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heal 治愈,愈合:heal the sick heap (一)堆:a big heap of books hedge (矮树)树篱:a quickset hedge highlight 使显著,使突出:Growing economic problems were highlighted by a slowdown in oil output hinder 妨碍,阻止:Bad weather hindered travel hint 暗示:drop(give ,throw out)a hint hoist 举起,升起,吊起:The war hoisted prices hold 拿着,抓住:The girl is holding the baby in her arms homogeneous 同种类的,同性质的,有相同特征的:homogeneous parts horizon 地平(线):The sun has sunk below the horizon hospital 好客的,殷勤的,热情友好的:be hospital to the homeless hostile 敌人的,敌方的:a hostile army humble 地位(或身份)低下的,卑贱的:a humble job hysterical 情绪异常激动的,歇斯底里的 I identical 同一的:the same (very)identical menu identify 识别,鉴别:He identified the coat as his brother’s idle 闲散的,闲置的:idle money ignite 点燃,使燃烧:ignite a stove fire with scraps of paper ignore 不顾,不理,忽视:He who ignores history is doomed to repeat it illuminate 照明,照亮,解释,启发,启迪:The room was poorly illuminated by one candle illustrate (用图或例子)说明,阐明:A complicated rule can be illustrated by a simple example immerse 使浸没:He immersed himself in the pool immune 免除的,豁免的:Nobody is immune from criticism impact 冲击,撞击:the impact of light on the eye impair 削弱,减少:The output of produce was impaired by the bad weather impartial 公正的,无偏见的:A judge should be impartial implement 工具,器具,用具:new types of farm implements impose 征(税), 加(负担, 惩罚等)于(on, upon): impose additional tax on business expansion impulse 推动,驱动:give an impulse to the development of the friendly relations between the two countries inaccessible 达不到的:The two rocks at the top of the steep hill is at first sight inaccessible incline 倾斜:The shaft inclines almost thirty degree incorporate 包含,吸收:His book incorporates his earlier essays incur 招致,引起,遭受:incur sb’s displeasure(envy) indignant 愤怒的,愤慨的:The actress was at the columnist’s personal questions indispensable 必不可少的,必需的(to. for): Oxygen is indispensable to life induce 引诱,劝使:Nothing will induce me to do that infer (根据已知事实等)推断,推定(from):From his grades I inferred that he was a good student
12

an hysterical outburst of fury

ingenious (人,头脑等)灵巧的,足智多谋的:an ingenious designer initiate 开始,发起:initiate a conversation innovate 革新,改革,创新(in,on/upon):innovate on another’s creation inquire 询问,打听:He inquired what the weather was likely to be insert 插入,嵌入:In the pause he managed to inquire a question inspire 鼓舞,激起:His speech inspires the crowd instant 紧急的,急迫的,立即的,即刻的:be in instant need of help institute 学会,协会,学院,研究院:an institute for the blind insulate 隔音,使隔绝(以免受到影响):We are not insulated from the real world the way we were insult 侮辱,辱骂:She insulted him by calling him a coward insure 保险,给。。保险:Every father should insure his life for the sake of his wife 。 and children intact 完整无缺的,未经触动的,未受损伤的:an intact family integrate 使成一体,使合并(with, into):integrate traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine interfere 妨碍,冲突(with):Misty weather interfered with the contact intermittent 间歇的,断断续续的,周期性的:suffer from intermittent headaches intervene 插入,介入:A week intervenes between Christmas and New Year’s Day intricate 错综复杂的,复杂精细的:A detective story usually has an intricate plot invert 使反向,使倒转,使颠倒:The magician inverted the bag to show it was empty irrespective 不考虑的,不顾的(of) :irrespective of consequences irritate 激怒,使恼怒,使烦躁:be irritated by sb’s insolence J justify 证明。。正当或有理,正确:Such behavior is justified on these grounds 。 K knit 编织,编结:She’s knitting her husband a sweater L label 标签,标记,标号:put labels on your luggage lag 走得慢,落后,滞留:Some of the runners began to lag latent 潜在的,隐伏的,不易觉察的:a latent infection leak 漏洞,裂缝:The pipe has got a leak lean 斜,倾斜 the Leaning tower of Pisa lend 借给,贷款 Could you lend me your car length 长,长度 What is the length of the street? liable 会……的,有……倾向的 We are all liable to make mistakes liberal 慷慨的,大方的 a liberal donation light 光,光亮,光线 The house blazed with light limp 软的,松沓的 a young man in a limp gray sweater linger 逗留,徘徊 The children lingered at the zoo until closing time long 长的,远的,久的 a long journey lubricate 使润滑 lubricate the skin with cold cream lump 块,小方块 a lump of coal
13

M macroscopic 肉眼可见的 magnet 磁铁,磁铁石 The pin was extracted with a magnet magnify 放大,扩大 I want to magnify this picture maintain 维持,保持 maintain law and order malfunction 发生功能障碍,发生障碍 If the computer malfunctions it fails to work properly maltreat 粗暴地对待,虐待 We’ll not intervene unless the children are being physically maltreated manifest 显然的,明了的 manifest superiority manipulate (熟练地)操作 Mr. Smith manipulated the ivory chopsticks with great dexterity mature 熟的,成熟的 a mature fruit meet 遇见,碰到 He met her there by chance melt 使融化,使熔化 The sun melted the snow mend 修理,修补 mend clothes merit 长处,优点,价值,功绩 merits and demerits migrate 移居(尤指移居国外),迁移 migrate to another country minimum 最低限度,最少量,最低点 minor 较小的,较少的,较不重要的 mislead 把……引错方向,把……引入歧途 moan 呻吟声,呜咽声 Each time she moved her leg she let out a ~ . mobilize 动员 Our country’s in great danger, we must ~ the army. mock 嘲笑,嘲弄 He had ~ed her modest ambitions. model 模型,原形 build airplane ~s modify 修改,更改 ~a law momentary 片刻的,瞬息的 a ~ feeling of fear monitor (学校的)班长 a ~ in class 5. mortgage 抵押(借款)He will have to ~ his land for a loan. motion 动,运动 the ~ of the planets motive 动机,目的 be proper in~ mount 登上, 爬上~ the steps multiply 乘,相乘~ 7 and 8 muscle 肌肉 facial ~s mutual 相互的, 彼此的 ~ aid N narrate 叙述,讲述 ~ the story of sb’s life nasty 龌龊的,肮脏的 a~ room necessitate 使成为必须,需要 The emergency ~d a change in plans. necessity 必要(性)(迫切)需要 There is no ~ , neglect 忽视,忽略 ~ one’s health negligent 疏忽的,大意的 be ~ about traffic regulations nominal 名义的,有名无实的 a ~ leader nominate 提名 a ~ leader
14

for disappointment.

noteworthy 值得注意的,显著的 a ~ day notorious 臭名昭著的 a ~ thief notwithstanding 虽然,尽管 They traveled on,~ the storm nourish 养育 Milk is all we need to ~our small baby numb 麻木的,失去感觉的 fingers ~ with cold O object 物体,事物 cultural ~s objective 目的,宗旨 political ~s oblige 强迫,迫使 In certain countries the law ~s parents to send their children to school obscure 晦涩的,费解的 an ~ text obsolete 废弃的,淘汰的 Wooden warships are ~. obstinate 顽固的,固执的,倔强的 The girl would go her own way, in spite of all warnings occasion 时刻,场合 They met on three ~s occupy 占用,占有 My books ~ a lot of space occur 发生,存在,出现 when did the earthquake ~? odd 的奇数的,单的,奇怪的 One ,three five are ~numbers offend 冒犯,使生气 She was afraid of ~ing anyone. offence 犯法行为,过错 They were arrested for drug ~s. offset 补偿,抵消 They gains ~the losses. omit 省略,删去 Minor points may be omitted. opaque 不透明的 A brick wall is ~. optimistic 乐观的,乐观主义的 option 选择权 It is your ~ to take it or leave it orient 东方,东方国家 political theory in the West and in the Orient origin 起源,由来 a word of Latin ~ ornament 装饰品,点缀品 We bought ~s for the Christmas tree orthodox 正统的,正宗的 an ~ economic theory outline 轮廓,外形 He saw the ~ of a house against the sky overflow 泛滥 Every spring the river ~s overhaul 大修,全面检查,彻底革新~ a faulty machine overhear 偶然听到,偷听到 I wouldn’t like to be ~d overlap 重叠,部分相同 The Renaissance overlapped the later Middle Ages overtake 赶上,超过 He ran out of the door to ~ her overthrow 推翻,打倒 a plot to ~ the government overwhelm 征服,压倒,毁坏 He took 45% of the ballots and ~ed his two main rivals

P pace 步,步速,步伐 He took three ~s forward pack 包,包裹 The climber carried some food in a ~ on his back pad 垫,衬垫 a seat ~ pant 气喘,气喘吁吁地说话 He ~ed along beside the bicycle
15

parallel 平行的 The road is ~ to the river paralyze 使瘫痪,使麻痹 A stroke ~d half his face partial 偏向一方的,偏袒的,偏爱的 A parent should not be ~ to any one of his children participate 参与,参加,In a modern democracy people want to ~ more fully particular 特殊的,特别的 a matter of ~ importance pat (用掌或扁平物)轻拍,轻打 She patted a place next to her for me to sit down patch 补钉,补片 patches at elbows of a jacket patent 专利,专利权,专利品 take out a ~ for an invention pattern 模范,榜样 set the ~ for pave 铺路,铺砌,铺筑 ~ a road with concrete peculiar 奇怪的,古怪的 He has always been a little ~ peel 削皮,剥皮 peel potatoes penetrate 穿透,渗入 The nail ~d the wood at least two inches perceive 感知,感觉,觉察 He was only able to ~ light and color ;he could not see properly perfect 完美的,理想的 a ~ couple perform 做,执行,完成~ an experiment perfume 香水,香料,香气 She loves French ~(s) periodical 期刊,杂志 a ~ room perish 卒,丧生~ from disease perpetual 永久的,永恒的,长期的 a ~ arms race perplex 使困惑,使茫然 The question ~ed him persecute 虐待,残害,迫害 ~ animals perspective 透视画法,透视图 a lesson in drawing class on ~ pessimistic 悲观的 I am ~ about my chances of getting the job petition 请愿,请愿书 get up a ~ pierce 刺入,刺穿,穿透 The thorn ~d his heel pile 一堆,一叠 a ~ of sand pilot 飞行员,驾驶员 pin 大头针,别针 pinch 捏,拧,夹 I ~ed myself to make sure I wasn’t dreaming plausible 论点等貌似有理的 a ~ excuse plead 恳求,请求 His parents ~ed that he should be given one more chance pledge 保证,誓言,誓约 fulfill one’s ~ plot 小块土地 a vegetable ~ plug 塞子,栓 He wears rubber ~s in his ears when he swims plunge 猛地投入或插入 He ran to the edge of the swimming pool and ~d in pocket 衣袋,口袋,袋子 a change ~ polish 擦光,擦亮 Polish your shoes with a brush poll 民意测验 A recent ~ shows a change in public opinion pool 水池,游泳池 a swimming ~ portable 便于携带的,手提式的,轻便的 This little TV is extremely ~ pose 姿势,样子 The model was asked to adopt various ~s for the photographer
16

postpone 延迟,延缓,延期 We are postponing our trip until the weather grows warmer potential 潜在的,可能的 That hole in the road is a ~ danger pour 倒,注,灌,倾泻,涌流 He began to ~ with sweat preach 讲道,布道 ~ to a packed church preside 主持,主管(at, over) The vice chairman of the board will ~ at today’s meeting press 按,挤,压 ~ the bell presume 推测,假定,假设 From the way they talked, I ~d them to be married prevail 流行,盛行 This custom still ~s among members of the older generation prey 被捕食的动物,捕获物 The lion seized its ~ and ate it prick 一刺,一扎 The boy burst the balloon with a ~ of the needle prime 首要的,主要的 a matter of ~ importance primitive 原始的,上古的,早期的 a ~ forest prior 在先的,在前的 Stop making public statements without their ~ approval here privilege 特权, 优惠, 特免 In countries where there are still not many schools, education is a ~ probe 探索,探查,调查 ~ the roots of process 过程,进程 the ~ of digestion proclaim 宣告,宣布,声明 ~ war produce 生产,制造 Canada ~s wheat and furs profit 利润,收益,红利 They made millions in ~s in last year profound 很深的 a ~ sleep prohibit 禁止 Tourist class passengers are ~ed from using the first class lounge project 计划,方案 draw up a ~ prolong 延长,拉长,拖延 a means of ~ing life prominent 突起的,凸出的 a ~ forehead prompt 敏捷的,迅速的 He is ~ on the job pronounce 发音 ~ distinctly propose 提议,建议 When she was very ill ,her lawyer has ~d to her that she might like to make a will prosper 兴旺,繁荣,昌盛,成功 His farm ~ed through good management provoke 挑动,激起,导致 He tried to ~ them into fighting pump 泵 fill a bucket from the ~ pursue 追赶,追随,追求 He felt their eyes pursuing him puzzle 难题,智力玩具,迷,迷惑 jigsaw ~ Q quality 质量,品级 merchandise of ~ quantity 数量,量 an increase in ~ quench 消除,平息,压制,扑灭 ~ hatred queue 一队人,一行列车 from a ~ quit 停止,放弃 It hasn’t ~ raining yet quiver 颤抖,抖动 ~ with cold quote 引用,引述,援引 She ~d several verses to us
17

war

proceed (尤指停顿或打断后)继续进行 The train ~ed at the same speed as before

R rack 架子,支架,搁架 a clothes ~ radiate(光,热等)辐射,发射 The sun ~s light and heat radical 根本的,基本的 a ~ error rake (长柄)耙,耙机,耙状物 an oyster ~ rally 集合,团结 ~ public opinion in favor of price controls random 胡乱的,任意的,随意的,a ~talk range 排,行,一系列 a ~ of buildings rank 排,行,列 the ~s of great pines rate 比率,率 Velocity is the ~ of change of distance with respect to time reap 收割,收获 ~ the rice in the field rear 后部,后边,背部 a garden at the ~ of the house recall 回忆,回想 I ~ seeing a poster on his wall reciprocal 相互的,交互的 ~ respect reckon 计算,数 ~ the days till Christmas reclaim 使改过,改造 ~ former criminals recognize 认出,识别 Dogs ~ people by their smell recollect 回忆,想起 I am trying to ~ a forgotten address recommend 推荐,称赞 He ~ed me for the post of headmaster reconcile 使和解,使和好 After each fight they ate soon ~d recover 追回,重新得到 The police ~ed stolen watch recruit 招募(新兵)招收(新成员)try to ~300 men in two days rectify 纠正,改正,矫正 ~ the mistakes in a bill refer 提到,谈到 Does the remark ~ to me refine 提炼~ crude oil into various petroleum products reform 改革,改良 He spend years trying to ~ the world refresh 使恢复活力,使振作精神 Sleep ~es the body refute 驳斥,驳倒 The argument cannot be d at the moments regard 看待,认为,对待 I ~ the matter in this light regenerate 使恢复,使复兴,再生 The human body can ~ hair, nails, etc regulate 管理,控制,为……制订规章 The policeman ~d traffic at the intersection reign 为王,统治 In England ,the sovereign ~s but does not rule reinforce 增援,加强 They hope to ~ their domination in these countries rejoice 使感到高兴,使充满喜悦 The whole nation ~ over the victory relate 讲述,叙述 She ~d the experience of a Chinese girl in the United States relay 接力传送,传递 ~ a message release 排放,释出 ~ a bomb from an aircraft relevant 有关的,切题的 I don’t think his remarks are ~ to our discussions relieve 缓解,减轻,解除 He smoked frequently to ~ nervous tension remark 评论,议论 (on, upon) It would be rude to ~ upon her appearance remedy 治疗,治疗法,药品 a folk ~ remember 记得,回想起,不忘记 I ~ reading that boo when I was eight remind 提醒,使想起 I ~ed him of his promise
18

remove 移开,挪走 ~ one’s eyes from the picture render 使得,使成为 The blow ~ed him unconscious renew 更新,恢复,更换 We feel totally ~ed in body ,mind ,and spirit renovate 修复,整修 ~ a two storey building repel 击退,抵制,拒绝,排斥 ~ the enemy repent 后悔,懊悔 ~of a thoughtless act replace 代替,取代,更换 The calculator is rapidly replacing the abacus represent 代表,象征 To many local people these castles ~ a hundred years of foreign domination reproach 责备,指责,斥责 mute ~ rescue 营救,救援,搭救 ~ hostages held by the terrorists resent 怨恨 ~ those unfair comments reserve 保留,储备 We’ll the ticket for you till tomorrow noon resign 辞职,引退 He ~ed from his post resolve 决定,打定注意要 Have you ~d where to go next? resort 求助,凭借,诉诸 ~ to sb for help restore 恢复,修复,康复 The temple has been ~d out of all recognition restrain 抑制,遏止 ~ one’s anger resume 重新开始,继续 When I quit golf, I ~d writing retain 保留,保持 reveal ~the right to reply 揭示,揭露 I promise never to ~ his secret takes a terrible ~ reverse 相反的,颠倒的,倒退的 a ~ dictionary revise 修订,校订 ~ a dictionary revive 苏醒,复苏 He is dead and never will ~ ridiculous 可笑的,荒唐的,荒谬的 In this department of English girls outnumber boys in a ~ ratio rigid 刚性的,坚硬的 a ~ piece of plastic ripe 成熟的,时机成熟的 a ~ cluster of grapes roll 滚动,滚落 Rocks were ~ing down the hillside rot 腐烂,腐坏,腐朽,腐败,腐化 Meat may ~ if it is not refrigerated roundabout 绕道的, 绕圈子的, 不直接的 The car has to take a ~ course to avoid the flood rouse 惊起 The boat ~d wild ducks to flight row 吵闹,争吵 What’s all this ~ about? rub 擦,摩擦 He rubbed his eyes rush 冲,奔 ~ into the room rust 锈,铁锈 Iron gathers ~easily ruthless 无情的,残忍的,冷酷的 S sack 麻袋,纸袋,塑料袋 a ~of cement sacred 神圣的 the ~ name of God sacrifice 献祭,供奉 a law banning the ~ of animals
19

revenge 报仇,复仇 Man may destroy the balance of nature ,but ,from time to time, nature

a~ enemy

salute 敬礼,祝贺 ~ one’s superior officer scan 细看,审视 ~ the doctor’s face for a sign of hope scare 惊吓,恐惧 The thunder ~d the children scatter 撒,撒播~ corn for the chickens schedule 时间表,进度表 a fight ~ scheme 计划,方案 He suggested several ~s to increase sales scold score 责骂,训斥 Dad ~ed me for coming home late 得分,比分,分数,成绩 At the end of first half there’s no ~

scorn 轻蔑,鄙视 He ~s lying scrap 碎片,零屑 ~s of bread scrape 刮,擦 ~one’s chin scratch 抓,刮,擦 The cat ~ed me with its claws screen 屏,幕,帘 a folding ~ secure 安全的,可靠的,有把握的 a castle ~from attack seek 寻找,探索 ~ shelter from the rain seize 抓住,捉住 The policeman ~d him by the collar sense 感官,官能 Sight ,hearing ,touch, taste, and smell are the five ~s sensible 明知的,合情理的 a ~ choice serve 服务,履行职责 He ~d as an adviser to the company set 放置 He set his hand on my shoulder shade 荫,荫凉处 The group of trees provide some ~ from the sun sham 假装,虚伪 Her illness was a ~ to gain sympathy shame 羞耻,羞愧 flush with ~ shape 形状,外形 the ~ of sb’s face share 一分,分额,一部分 They divided the money into equal ~s shear 剪,修剪 ~ a lawn shed 流 ~ one’s blood for one’s country sheer 完全的,十足的 shelter 掩蔽处,躲避处 shield shift shower shrewd signify ~ nonsense a bus ~

盾,保护物,防御物 They piled more sand on top as a ~ 转移,移动 Don’t try to ~the blame onto me 阵雨,阵雨般的东西 be caught in a hard ~ 机灵的,敏锐的,精明的 a ~ guess 表示,表明,预示 ~ consent with a nod

simulate 假装,冒充 use tricks to ~ illness sit 坐,就坐 He was sitting over his coffee with a cigar sketch slack 素描,速写 make a ~ of a face in pencil 不紧的,不严的 a ~ soft rope

slender 苗条的,修长的,细长的 She is ~ and has long dark hair slide 滑行,滑动,滑落 The drawers of my desk ~ in and out easily slim 苗条的,薄的 slip slit 切开,撕开 Regular exercise will make you slimmer ~ the envelope open
20

滑倒,滑落,滑行 She ~ed on the wet stones and fell

slope sly

倾斜,有坡度 The ground ~s down sharply at this point 狡猾的,偷偷的 a ~answer Smart students talk earlier than the average

smart 聪明的,精明的 smooth

smash 打碎,打破,摧毁 The ball ~ed the window 平滑的,光滑的~ skin a ~ of the first water snatch 夺得,一把抓住 The thief ~ed her handbag and ran off snob 势力的人,谄上欺下的人 ing sober 未醉的 A driver must stay ~ soil 泥土,土壤 The ~here is very fertile sophisticated 老于世故的 a young man quite ~ for his age sore 痛的,痛苦的,痛心的 touch sb on a ~ place sort 种类,类别 He is not the ~ of man to do such a cruel thing sound 健康的,健全的,完好的 a ~body in a ~ mind sour 酸的,酸味的 ~pickles sow 播种 This plot of land was sown with maize spare 多余的,剩下的 have no ~ cash spark 火花,火星 The firework burst into a shower of ~s sparkle 发光,闪耀 Her eyes were sparkling with anger specify 具体指定,详细说明 They have specified the amount as 700,000 dollars spectacle 景象,奇观,壮观,场面 The burning house was a terrible ~ speculate 推测,推断 I cannot ~ on their motives for doing this spill 溢出,溅出 The ship ~ed oil while in port spin 纺制 ~ cotton into yarn spit 吐出 He was ~ting out the husks of sunflower seeds on the floor splash 溅泼 A passing car ~ed my dress split 劈开,切开,裂开 ~ the firewood with an axe spoil 损坏,毁掉 It would ~ my reputation sponsor spray 发起者,主办者,保证人,赞助者 the ~ of the annual Christmas parade a blue tie with ~s 浪花,水花 The new shower heads reduce ~ and waste less water spot 斑点,污点 soak 湿透,浸湿,浸泡 You shouldn’t have gone out in the rain-your clothes are ~

sprout 抽条,发芽,长出 The seeds we planted finally ~ed spur 靴刺,踢马刺 a pair of ~s squeeze 榨,挤 ~ juice from oranges stab 刺,戳,猛的一击,突发的一阵 a ~ of anxiety stack 整齐的一叠 a ~ of bills staff 全体职员,全体雇员 The company has got a ~ of about 40 stain 玷污,污染 His shirt was ~ed with blood stale 食品等不新鲜的,走味的 These old peanuts taste ~ stall 牛舍 stamp 邮票 put a ~ on a letter start 开始,动手 I’ve got so many things to do,I don’t know where to ~
21

startle 惊吓,使吃惊 The horse ~s easily starve 使挨饿,饿死 Many live in luxury while others are starving station 车站 at Victoria Station stationary 固定的,静止的,非流动的 ~ troops statistics 统计,统计资料 The recent ~ on marriage are interesting steer 掌舵,驾驶 ~ a car through the entrance stern 严厉的,苛刻的 a ~ punishment stick 棍,棒,手杖 Grandfather walks with a ~ stimulate 刺激,促使 ~ economic growth sting 刺,螫,叮 A bee stung him on the neck stir 使微动,移动 A breeze ~red my hair stitch 一针,针脚 Make your ~es closer together stock 原料,备料,库存,现货 Rags are used as a ~ for making paper stoop 俯身,弯腰 She ~ed to pick up her fan storm 风暴,暴风雨,暴风雪 A ~ arose straightforward 一直向前的,直接的 a ~ business transaction strain 拉紧,绷紧 If you ~ the elastic any more, it will break strap 带,皮带 silks ~s stream 小河,溪流 on the banks of a ~ strength 力量,力气,活力,效力 the economic ~ of a nation stress 压力,紧张 Not all of us can cope with the ~es of modern life stretch 伸直,伸长 He yawned and ~ed himself stride 阔步前进,大踏步走 He strode to the platform strike 打击,撞 A stone struck me on the head string 细绳,线,带 She took the parcel and started to undo the string strip 剥去,除去 The wind stripped the tree of all its leaves strive 努力,奋力,力求~ towards a goal stroke 敲,打,鸣 drive in a nail with one ~ of the hammer stubborn 顽固的,倔强的 The ~ boy refused to listen to his parents’advice stuff 原料,材料,物品,东西 He has got all the ~ ready for building his new house subject 题目,主题 the ~ for a debate submerge 浸没,淹没,湮没 The stream overflowed and ~d the farmland submit 屈服,服从,投降 ~ to foreign pressure subordinate 下级的 In the army ,captains are ~ to majors substance 物质,实质 the ~ of pre-school education substitute 代替者,代替物 He is the doctor’s ~ during holidays times subtle 微妙的,巧妙的 His whole attitude has undergone a ~ change subtract 减,减去 Subtract 4 from 10 you get 6 succession 连续,一系列 a ~ of debates suck 吸,A large mosquito was sucking blood from the back of her hand sue 控告,起诉 ~ sb for slander summary 总结,概要 This book has a ~ at the end of each chapter superb 极好的,一流的,杰出的 ~ science and engineering
22

superficial 表面的 a ~resemblance superfluous 过多的,剩余的,多余的 a ~remark supervise 监督,管理,指导 ~ sb’s every move supplement 增补,补充 a ~ to wages suppress 压制,镇压 ~human rights supreme 最高的,至上的 a ~ ruler surpass 超过,优于,强于,胜过 ~ advanced world surplus 过剩,剩余 a teacher ~ survey 调查~ population growth in the southern provinces survive 幸存,幸免于 Only two people ~d the fire suspect 怀疑 He ~ed a plot against his life sustain 支撑,承受 The fountains were not strong enough to ~ the weight of the house swallow 吞,咽 ~ one’s food swarm 蜂群 sway 摇摆 a tree ~ing gently in the breeze swear 宣誓,发誓 ~ on a Bible to observe secrecy swell 膨胀,鼓起 A tire ~s as it is filled with air swing 摇摆,摇荡 ~ a baby in the cradle sympathy 同情心,慰问 a man of wide sympathies synchronize 使同步,使结合,使协调 Their steps ~d T taboo 禁忌,忌讳 Movies producers attempted to break down all the ~s tackle 用具,装备 shaving ~ tailor 裁缝 go to the ~’s talk 讲话,谈话 Is your baby talking yet? tame 驯化的,驯服的,温顺的 ~animails tan 棕黄色,黄褐色 buy some shoes in tan tax 税(款)Half of his wages go in tax tear 撕开,撕裂 tear open an envelope tease 戏弄,取笑 The boy is teasing the cat tedious 单调乏味的,冗长的,罗嗦的 a ~ debate temper 心情,脾气 be in a good~ tempt 引诱,诱惑 Nothing could ~ me to do such a thing tend 趋向,倾向 Interest rates are ~ing upwards tender 嫩的 a ~ piece of meat tentative 试验性的,试探性的,暂时的,推测的 a ~plan term 学期 the spring ~ terminate 停止,结束,使终止 ~ a contract terrify 使害怕,使惊吓 She was terrified out of her wits testify 作证,证明 He agreed to ~ on behalf of the accused man thermal 热的,由热造成的 ~burns thirst 渴,口渴 The heat creates a ~ in me like I’ve never had before thread 线,线状物 cotton ~
23

thrill 使非常兴奋,使非常激动 It’s a sight that never fails to ~ me thrive 兴旺发达,繁荣 His business is thriving thrust 推,刺,戳,插,挤 He was ~ into power tick (钟声等发出的)滴答声 tidy 整洁的,整齐的 a ~ room tilt 使倾斜,使倾倒 Tilt your head back so that I can look down your throat time 时间,时刻,时候 ~ and space tip 末端,尖端 the tips of the fingers toast 烤面包,吐司 two slices of ~ token 表示,标志,象征 He did that as a ~ of good faith torture 拷打,拷问 ~ a confession from a prisoner toss 扔,抛,掷 The children tossed the ball to each other tough 坚韧的,牢固的 Some plastic are as ~ as metal tow 拖,拉,牵引 tow a damaged ship into port tower 塔,塔楼,高楼 a television ~ trace 痕迹,踪迹 The wound healed, leaving almost no ~ of a scar track 足迹,踪迹~s in the snow tragedy 悲剧 Hamlet is one of shakespeare’s best known tragedies trail 痕迹,足迹 a ~ of destruction left by the violence tramp 步行,跋涉 He loves ~ing over the hills transfer 转移,调动 the company has transferred to an eastern location transform 变形,改观 ~ a hotel into a hospital transient 短暂的,转瞬即逝的 ~ happiness transmit 播送,发射 ~ a match live transparent 透明的 Glass is ~ transplant 移植,移种,移居 ~ a human heart into a patient treasure 财宝,财富 dig for buried ~ trend 倾向,趋势 an upward ~ of prices trick 诡计,骗局 He got the money by a ~ trifle 琐事,小事 One should not get angry about such a ~ trim 整齐的,整洁的 ~ lawns trip 旅行,旅游 a ~ round the world triple 三倍的,三重的,三部分的,三方的 Black unemployment rate runs ~ the figure for whites triumph 胜利 a ~ over the enemy trivial 琐碎的,不重要的,无价值的 ~ matters tuck 夹入,藏入 He ~ed the letter in a book so he wouldn’t lose it tug (用力)拖或拉 He tugged the door but it wouldn’t open tumble 跌到,滚下 The baby is just learning to walk and he’s always tumbling over tune 曲调,曲子 She wrote the words of the song and her brother wrote the ~ turbulent 骚乱的,动荡的,混乱的,狂暴的 a ~ crowd turn 转动,旋转 Turn the hands of the clock until they point to 9 O’clock tutor 家庭教师,指导教师 When the students are making their choices, their ~ may well
24

guide them twinkle 闪烁,闪耀,闪亮 The diamond on her finger ~d in the firelight twist 捻,搓,绞,拧 ~ a rope out of threads U ultimate 最后的,最终的 The war ended for us in ~ victory unanimous 全体一致的,一致同意的 They are ~ in asking for a rise in pay uncover 揭开,揭露 ~ a dish of food underestimate 低估 ~ the difficulties of the task undergo 经历,遭受,忍受 ~ much suffering underline 在……下划线,强调 Please translate the ~d sentences in the passage underlie 位于……之下 Many facts ~ my decision undermine 在……下挖 ~ a wall undertake 着手做, 从事 ~ an attack undesirable 不合意的,不受欢迎的 The drug has ~ side effects uneasy 心神不宁的,不安宁的 be ~uneasy about the future unfold 展开,打开 ~ a newspaper uniform 不变的,相同的,均匀,统一的 a ~ temperature unify 使成一体,统一 become a unified nation update 更新,使现代化 ~a textbook upgrade 提高,使升级,改善 ~ products and services uphold 举起,高举 He upheld his clenched hand upright 挺直的,垂直的 an ~ seat uproar 骚乱,骚动 The public ~ over unclear-radiation hazards continues to mount upset 弄翻,打翻 I’ve ~ a tin of paint on the carpet up-to-date 时新的,新式的,现代化的 They are ~ on recent developments in the world computer industry urge 推进,鼓励 The president ,~d on by his staff, has decided to attend the talks urgent 紧迫的,紧要的 He left the country on ~ business utilize 利用 ~ solar energy utter 发出(声音等) ,说,吐露 ~ the truth V vacant 未被占用的 a ~ seat in a bus vague 含糊的,不明确的,模糊的 a ~ answer vain 徒劳的,无效的 ~ efforts valid 有根据的 a ~ excuse value 价值 I was offered 50 pounds for my old car but its ~ is much higher vanish 突然消失,逐渐消散 With a wave of his hand, the magician made the rabbit veil 面纱,面罩 Jewish women wore ~s in token of reverence and submission ventilate 使通风,使空气流通 ~ a room venture 冒险,冒险行动,投机行动 take a ~ in oil verge 边,边缘,边沿 the ~ of a stream verify 证明,证实 Subsequent events verified my suspicions versatile 多才多艺的 a ~ man
25

versus 诉讼,竞赛等中以……为对手 The match tonight is China ~ Japan vertical 垂直的,立式的 a ~ engine veto 否决,否决权,否决权的行使 The rest of the committee could not vicious 邪恶的,恶毒的,凶残的 lead a ~ life vigor 体力,精力,活力 in the ~ of manhood violate 违反,违背 ~ the traffic regulations virtual 实际上的,事实上的 the ~ manager of the business virtue 美德,德行 Among her many ~s are loyalty ,courage, and visible 看得见的,可见的 a ship barely ~ on the horizon vision 视力,视觉 ~ care vital 有生命力的 The heart is a ~ organ vivid 鲜艳的 the ~ green of leaves in spring void 空的 a ~ space volunteer 志愿者,自愿参加者 Are there any ~s for a swim? vote 投票,表决 bring sth to a vote W wage 工资,报酬 What is your weekly ~? wake 醒来,醒着,唤醒 He spends all his waking hours working waken 醒来,睡醒 He wakened when the alarm sounded wander 漫步,徘徊 He ~ed home ward 病房 a 4-bed ~ warrant 授权,批准,正当理由,根据 He had no ~ for his action waterproof 不透水的,防水的 ~ material way 方法,方式 Do it your own way wear 穿,戴 ~ diamonds weary 疲倦的,疲劳的 a ~ look weave 织,编,编制 ~ cloth wedge 楔子,三角木 Please put a ~ in the door so that it will stay open weed 杂草,野草 My garden is running to ~s weep 哭泣,流泪 ~ for one’s failure weigh 称……重量,称~ oneself on the scales weld 焊接,煅接 It takes speed to ~ steel at this heat whirl 旋转,急转 The couples ~ed round the dance floor whisper 低语,耳语,轻声说 ~ to sb whistle 吹口哨,鸣笛 The train ~d whitewash 粉饰 wholesome 有益于健康的 ~ surroundings wicked 坏的,邪恶的,淘气的,恶作剧的 ~ habits wind 绕,缠 The snake wound around a branch wire 金属丝,金属线 steel ~ withdraw 抽回,收回,提取 She withdrew her eyes from the terrible sight withhold 使停止,阻挡 be obliged to ~ one’s pen
26

accept the ~

vibrate 使震动,使摆动 His heavy footsteps upstairs made the old house ~

truthfulness

withstand 经受,承受 ~hardships witness 目击者,见证人 a ~ of the accident wonder 奇迹 the Seven Wonders of the World in ancient times worship 崇拜,崇敬 the ~ of the dollar worth 值……钱 a house ~ 50,000 pounds wrap 包,裹 ~ oneself in a blanket

wreck 失事,遇难 a train ~ wrench 扳手 He is a ~ . wrinkle 皱,皱纹 He will wore the ~s of anxiety on his forehead. write 写,写字,写信,写作 She ~s to me every other week. Xerox 静电复印(法) ,静电复印件,静电复印机 Make me a ~ of this report. Y yield 生产,产生,带来 This orchard ~s apples and pears. Z zeal 热心,热忱,热情 a man of ~ zigzag 之字形的,弯曲的 a ~ road zone 地带,分布带 a danger ~

第二部分 英语词汇扩充小结 英语词汇浩瀚如海,如何记忆单词,扩大词汇量一直是英语学习者面对的一大难题。本单元 介绍的构词知识—— 词缀,是掌握记忆单词的一个重要环节。牢记词根可以起到举一反三的效 果。 英语中的词缀包括前缀和后缀。一般而言,前缀只改变词义,不改变词类;后缀主要改变词 类,而不改变词义。英语词汇中由词根,前缀,后缀结合在一起的词很多,占有相当大的比重。 下面将英语中常见的前、后缀列出,供同学们参考。因为在该资料的第四部分还有系统的词缀词 根内容,所以本部分内容是每个同学时间再紧张也必须掌握的。 1. 常用前缀 ab相反,不 如:abnormal 反常的 如:antibody 抗体 anti-Japanese 抗日的
27

anti- 反对,反抗

auto- 自动,自己 bene- 善,好 by- 侧,次要,非正式的 co-, col-, com-, con-, cor- 共同 de- 否定,除去,非 dif-, di- 分开,否定 dis- 不,相反 ex- 出,外 extra- 超过,超越 fore- 预先,先前 il- 表示否定意义 im-, in- 表示否定意义 inter- 在----之间,相互 ir- 表示否定意义 kilo- 千 micro- 微 minimisover微小 误,坏 在----上,超出,压倒

如:automatic 自动的 如:benefit 好处 如:byproduct 副产品

autobiography 自传

benevolent 仁慈的 contract 合同

如:cooperation 合作 correspond 通信 如:decompose 分解 如:differ 不同于,区别 如:disprove 不赞成 如: export 出口

exclude 排斥

如:extraordinary 特别的 如: forecast 预报 如:illegal 不合法的 如:incorrect 不正确的 如:irregular 不规则的 如:kilogram 千克 如:miniskirt 超短裙 如:mistake misguide 误导 overcome 克服 如:overhead 头顶的 如:perfect 完美的 如:postwar 战后 如:progress 进步 如:redo 再做 如::separate 分离 如:semifinal 半决赛 如: subway 地道 如:telephone 电话 submarine 水下的 superman 超人 telescope 望远镜 transport 运输 unconscious 无意识的 underground 地下的 withhold 抑制,阻止 如: supermarket 超市 postpone 推迟 pronoun 代词 recall 回忆 retreat 撤退 select 选出 kilowatt 千瓦 microphone 麦克风 如:microeconomic 微观经济学 illogical 不合逻辑的 impatient 不耐烦的

如:international 国际的 interact 相互作用

per- 十分, 完全 post- 在后,随后 pro- 向前,代理 re- 恢复,再,反对 se- 分开,分离 semisubteleun半,部分 下,在下,其次 远的 转移,转化 表示否定意义

super- 超级 trans-, tran-

如: transform 改变 如:uncommon 不平凡的 如:underline 下划线 如:uphold 高举 如:

under- 在---之下,低于 up- 向上,在上 with- 向后,阻止 2. 常用后缀 -ability (n.) 可---性

upright 垂直的

withdraw 取回,收回 如:readability 可读性

-able (ad.) 能---的,可---的 -ably (ad.) ---地

如:admire---admirable 令人羡慕的 如:reason---reasonably 有理地 如:addition---additional 附加的 arrive---arrival 到达 如:nation---nationality 国籍 民族 如:ally---alliance 联盟 assist----assistance 帮助
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-al (a.) 有---的特性 (n.) 表示行为,状况 -ality (n.) 表示性质,状态 -ance (n.) 表示性质,状态,行为

-ant (a.) 有---性质的 (n.)---的人 -ar (n.) 表示人 -arian (n.) ---的人 -ary (a.) 有---性质的 -ate (v.) 使成为 (a.) 具有---的 (n.) -ation (n.) 表示状态,情况 -ative (a.) -cy (n.) -dom (n.) -eer (n.) -en (v.) 有---性质的 表示性质,状态,领域 表示人 使成为 表示性质,状态 人

如:attend---attendant 出席者 如:beg---beggar 乞丐 如:library---librarian 图书馆管理员 如:revolution---revolutionary 革命的 如:activate 使活动 graduate 毕业生 accurate 精确的 如:alter---alteration 改变 如:compare---comparative 比较的 如:bankrupt---bankruptcy 破产 如:free---freedom 自由 king---kingdom 王国 如:engine---engineer 工程师 volunteer 志愿者 如:deaf---deafen 便聋 sharp---sharpen 削尖 如:emergency 紧急情况 如:confident 自信的 如:teach---teacher 如: act---actress 女演员 如:anxiety 忧虑 如:nurse---nursery 托儿所 host---hostess dependence 依靠 patient 患者 bank---banker

-ence , ency (n.) 表示性质,状态,行为 -ent (a.) 有---性质的 (n .) 表示人物 -er (n.) -ery (n.) -ess (n.) 女主人 -ety(n.) -ful (a.) 表性质,情况 充满的,有---性质的 使变成 表人物 表示地点,场所 雌性

variety 种类繁多

如:delight---delightful 令人高兴的 help---helpful 有帮组的 如:class---classify 分类 如:child---childhood 童年 man---manhood 男子气概 如:atom---atomic 原子的 mechanic 机修工 如:history---historical 历史上的 如:serve---service 服务 如:electron---electronics 电子学 如:cashier 出纳员 如:dictate---dictation 听写 act---action 行为 如:vary---various 各种各样的 labor---laborious 勤劳的 如:self---selfish 自私的 fool---foolish 愚蠢的 如: social---socialist 社会主义 satisfy 使

-fy ,-efy , -ify (v.) 满意 -hood(n.) -ic (a.)

表示时期,状态,资格 ---的 (n.) 表示人物 ---的 表示情况,性质,行为等 表示理论,学说 从事某一工作的人 表示情况,状态 有---性质的 似---的

-ical (a.) -ice (n.) -ics (n.) -ier(n.) -ion (n.) -ious (a.) -ish (a.)

-ist (a.)表示---主义或信仰 -ive (a.) 有---的性质

natural---naturalist 自然主义者 如:attract---attractive 有吸引力的
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(n.) 表示人或物 -ivity (n.) 表示性质,状态,---性

如:detect---detective

侦探

如:act---activity 活动,活力 product---productivity 生产力 如:modern---modernization 现代化 如: hope---hopeless 没希望的 如:zoology---zoological 动物学的 technology---technological 工艺的 如:agree---agreement 同意 adjust---adjustment 调整 如:foremost 最先的 如:blind---blindness 失明 firm---firmness 坚定 如:edit---editor 编辑 如:danger---dangerous 危险的 如:friend---friendship 友谊 member---membership 会员资格 如:forward 向前 backward 向后

-ization (n.) –ation (n.) 组成,行为,----化 -ize (v.) 表示使---化 -less (a.) 无---的,不---的 -logical (a.) -ment (n.) -most (a.) -ness (n.) -or (n.) -ous (a.) -ship (n.) -----学,----的研究

如:standard---standardize 使标准化

表示行为,过程,机构 表示最---的 表示性质,状态 表示人物 有---性质的 表示关系,资格 向---方向的(地) (n.) 性质,情况

-ward (a. / ad.)

-wise (ad.) 表示方向,方式 -y (a.) ---的,多---的

如: clock---clockwise 顺时针方向地 如:rain---rainy 雨天的 wind---windy 刮风的 discover---discovery 发现 honest---honesty 诚实

第三部分

词汇与搭配集锦

词汇搭配是英语词汇测试的重点, 英语词汇中的一些常用词及其构成的短语更是重中之重。 理 解与掌握这些词语的意义及其用法对英语学习及语言测试有着积极的作用。 1. 常用动词固定搭配 abide by abound in abstain from accuse sb of 遵守(法律、诺言、决定等) ,坚持(意见) 富有 戒绝,避免 指责
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account for act for act on adapt to adhere to admit to agree on / with allow for answer to approve of arrive at / in associate with assure sb of attend to back up back down benefit from blame sb for sth belong to break away (from) break down break in (on) break into break off break out break through break up bring about bring around bring back bring down bring forth bring forward bring out bring to bring up call at call for call forth call off call on / upon call up carry away

占,说明,解释 代表 实行,其作用 适应 坚持 承认 同意(某事)/ (某人) 考虑到 符合,适合 赞成 到达(某地) 联合,联系 使放心 专心,留意 支持,倒退 放弃,退却 得益于 因某事而责备某人 属于 脱离,逃脱 损坏,瓦解,崩溃 强行进入,打断,插嘴 闯入 中止,中断 逃出,爆发 突围,突破 中止,结束,打碎,拆散 带来,引起 改变主意 归还,带回 击落,打倒,降低 产生,提出 提议 出版,使显出 使恢复知觉 培养,抚养 访问,拜访(某处) 邀请,要求,需要 唤起,引起,振作起,鼓起 放弃,取消 访问,拜访(某人) ,号召,呼吁 召集,动员,打电话,使人想起 激动(常用被动)
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carry back carry off carry on carry out carry through come across come away come by come down come in come off come on come out come round come through come to come up come up to come up with cut across cut back cut down (on) cut in cut off cut out drop by / in drop off drop out fall back to fall behind fall in with fall out fall through fall off get across get along / on with get at get away get by get down get down to get in get into

唤起回忆 致死,赢得 继续 实现,完成 实现,完成,帮助某人渡过难关 偶然碰到,偶然发现 断裂,脱落 获得 传给,降价 进来,流行 发生,举行,脱落,停止表演 快点,出现,出场,开始,进展 出版,出现,结果是 苏醒,复原 经历,脱险 总计,苏醒 走进,上来,发生 符合,达到 提出,提供 抄近路,走捷径 消减,减少 消减,降低 打断,插话 切断,阻碍 删除,停止 顺便拜访 减弱,减少 退出 求助,转而依靠于 拖欠,落后 与-----一致 争吵,解散 落空,失败 从-----上落下 解释清楚,使人明白 进展,过的 够得着,理解 逃脱,离开 通过,经过 写下 开始,着手 进入,收获,收回 进入,陷入
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get off get out of get over get rid of get through get together give away give back give in give off give out give rise to give up give way to go after go ahead go along with go around go back on go by go down go for go in for go into go off go out go over go through go with go without hand down hand in hand on hand out hand over hold back hold on hold out hold on to hold up keep back keep down keep off

从-----下来,动身,起身 逃避,改掉 克服,痊愈 除掉,摆脱 结束,完成,接通电话,度过(时间) 集合,聚集 泄漏,分送 送还,恢复 交上,投降,屈服 放出(蒸汽,光) ,释放 分发,放出(气味,热) 引起,使发生 停止,使放弃 给-----让路,被-----代替 追求 开始,前进 陪同前往 足够分配,流传 违背 (时间)过去,遵循,凭-----判断 下降,被载入 追求,喜爱,适用于 从事,致力于,沉湎于 进入,研究,调查 爆炸,进行,动身,离开 熄灭,外出,过时 复习,检查 遭受,经历,仔细检查 伴随,与-----协调 没有-----而将就对付 流传下来,往下传 上交,递交 传下来,依次传递 分发,分给 移交,让与 抑制,阻止 继续,握住不放 维持,坚持,支持 紧紧抓住,坚持 举起,阻挡,延迟,抢劫 阻止,隐瞒,保留 压制,镇压,压低(声音) 不接近,避开
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keep on keep to keep up keep up with lay aside lay down lay off lay out let along let down let go (of) let off let out live by live on live through live up to look after look at look back look down on look for look forward to look in look into look on look out look over look up make for make out make up make up for pay back pay for pay off pick out pick up pull down pull in pull out pull up put across / over

继续,保持 坚持,遵守 保持,维持,继续进行 跟上,向-----看齐 放一边,储蓄 放下,制定 (临时)解雇,停止工作(休息) 摆开,布置,设计,制定 更不用说 放下,降低,使失望 放开,松手 宽恕,免除 放掉,发出 靠-----生活, 以-----为主食 度过,经受住 做到,不辜负 照料,照看,关心 看,看待 回头看,回顾 请示,看不起 寻找,寻求 盼望,期望 顺便拜访 调查,窥视 旁观,观看 留神,注意,提防 把----看一边,察看 查阅,查考 走向,有利于 写出,辨出,理解 组成,构成,编造,化妆,补充,和好 弥补,偿还 偿还,回报 支付,付出代价 还清(债务) ,取得成功 挑选,辨认 拾起,搭车,学会 拆毁,拉倒,拉下,降低 (车)停下,进站, (船)靠岸 拔出,取出, (车)驶出 (使)停下 解释清楚,说明
34

put aside put down put forward put in put off put on put up put up with run across run away run away with run down run into run out run over run through run up to see off see through see to set about set aside set at set back set down set in set off set out set up show in show off show up stand by stand for stand out stand up for take after take back take ---for take from take in take off take on

储存,保留 放下,记下,镇压,平定 提出 驶进 推迟 穿上,上演,增加(体重) 建造,搭起,张贴,提供食宿,提价 容忍,忍受 跑着穿过,偶然碰见 私奔,失去控制 带(某人)私奔,轻易接受(意见) 跑下,人精疲力竭,撞倒,贬低 跑进,使撞,偶然碰见,使陷入 用完,伸向,流出 碾过,浏览 跑着穿过,贯穿,浏览 跑到, (物价)高涨到---给-----送行 看穿,识破,干完 负责,照料 开始,着手 留出,把----搁置在一边,驳回 袭击 把(钟表)往回拨,延缓,阻碍 卸下,使着陆,记下 到来,开始,缝上 出发,动身,引起,使发生 出发,陈列,陈述,企图 建立,树立 领入 炫耀,卖弄 揭穿,露出, (口)出席,到场 支持,站在一边,袖手旁观 是----的缩写,代表,意味着 清晰地显处,醒目 维护,支持 (外貌)相像 收回,使回想起--以为,误认为 减少,减损,降低 接待,吸收,领会,欺骗,包含,改小(尺寸) 把----带往,起飞,脱下,取笑(通过模仿) 雇佣,承担,呈现
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take over take to take up turn aside turn away turn (away) from turn back turn in turn into turn off turn on turn out turn over turn up 2.常考动词固定搭配 care for / about check upon / up check out clear up collide with conform to cope with cover up cross out cut across / along / through destined to do sth / for sth die down die out direct at dispose of double sb. Up dwell on / upon dwell at / in excuse from feed into fill in (for sb. ) flare up give sb. sth. away give oneself up (to sb. ) go along with go for go under

接管,接受,接任 开始从事于,养成----的习惯,沉湎于 拿起,着手处理,吸收(水分) ,占据(时间) 避开,偏离,使转变方向 离开,转过脸去,解雇,防止(灾祸) 对------感到厌恶 停止前进,折回 拐入,上缴,上床睡觉 进入,变成,使成为 关,避开(问题) ,解雇,生产 开,把------指向,对----发怒 结果是,证明是,制造,生产 使打翻,交给,反复考虑 出现,被找到,翘起,来到

关心,担心,计较(用于否定或疑问句) 检查,检验 办理付账及退房后手续 整理,收拾,天气变清 冲突,碰撞 遵守(规则等) 处理,应付 掩盖(错误、非法自之事) 取消,删去 穿过(某地) 命定,注定做某事 逐渐消失,平息 (习俗等)渐渐消失 针对 处置,处理,舍弃 使躬身,使弯腰 细想,详述 住,留居 使免除责任 提供原料 临时替换,补缺 突然发怒,突然烧起来 出卖,泄漏 投案,自首 相处得----,赞同,同意 适用,喜欢,支持 下沉,失败
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hang back (from sth. ) head for impose on knock out let loose participate in pass off preside over prey on result in run for run out see about sth. / doing sth. set out to do sth. smooth over snap at stand up to step in stick sth. out subject sth./sb. to switch on talk into talk over touch up 3.名词固定搭配 absence from accent on admission to application for application to arouse sb.’ s curiosity about sth. approach to attach importance to be in (out of) contact with be out of balance be friend(s) with be in (out of) harmony with bear responsibility for break a promise bring / put into operation bring shame on oneself bring sth. to sb’s notice 缺席 着重

踌躇,犹豫 向------前进 将-----强加于某人 击倒,击晕 释放,放开 参加 (药效,疼痛等)停止 主持,长官 捕获,捕食 导致,结果 竞选 用完,耗尽 办完,办理 开始做某事 使(问题)缓解 厉声斥责 经得起考验 介入,干预 坚持到底,忍受 使服从,使遭受 接通(电流) ,开(电器) 说服 商量,商讨 修改,改进

许可,准许 申请 应用到 激起某人的兴趣 重视 与----接触(失去联系) 不平衡 与-----保持友好 与----一致(不一致) 对----负责 违背诺言 实施,使生效 给某人带来羞辱 使某人注意----37

接近,来临

bring/call to mind bring to a halt bring into action catch one’s breath call down / lay a curse upon sb. cast a shadow over catch at shadows catch sb’s eye catch fire catch / get a glimpse of catch sight of come to sb’s knowledge come to sb’s notice come to a point come /go into effect come into a fortune come into fashion come to a halt combination with commander in chief communication with commit a crime commit / make an error come into possession of sth. come / go into operation come to one’s senses come to / arrive at a decision come to / arrive at an agreement with reach / make an agreement with come to sb.’s assistance complaint about/of competition with / against sb. do a threat to do damage to do/try one’s best do sb. harm, do one’s share for sth. draw a clear distinction between

想起 使停止 采取行动 喘息 诅咒某人 蒙上阴影 捕风捉影 引人注目 着火,烧着 对----瞥一眼 看见 被某人知道 引起某人的注意 到紧要关头 实施,生效 继承一笔财产 开始流行 停止 与------结合 总司令 与-----交流,与----通信 犯罪 犯错误 占有某物 实行,生效 恢复理性,苏醒过来 做出决定 与-------达成一致 与-------达成一致 帮助某人 对------抱怨 与某人竞争 对----有威胁 损害-----尽力,努力 伤害某人 为----贡献自己的力量 区分,分清 得出结论 使某人绝望 -----的入口,进入 享有特权 对-----表示满意
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draw/reach/come to/arrive at a conclusion drive sb. to despair entrance to enjoy privileges express one’s satisfaction at / with

express sympathy for/ with sb. express one’s gratitude to sb. for sth. fall in love with fall into temptation farewell to feel sympathy for sb. find fault (with) follow the fashion follow / tread in sb.’s steps gain / have an advantage over get command of get hold of get into trouble get / go / fly into a temper give / extend assistance to sb. give a description of give (accept) a challenge give / show evidence{s) of give no evidence of give one’s regards to sb. give way to go out of fashion go shares grant sb. the privilege of doing sth. have access to have a talk with sb. have an influence on/upon have a preference for have a preference of sth. to/over have a prejudice against sb. have / run a temperature have authority over have a terror of sth. have a nodding acquaintance with have confidence in sb. have / make contact with have control over/of have / hold a conversation with have the determination to do sth 控制 抓住

对某人表示慰问 为某事尔感谢某人 爱上 受诱惑 与-----永别,不会再 同情某人 找岔,抱怨 赶时髦 踏着某人的足迹 优于,胜过

陷入困境 发脾气 给某人帮助 描述 挑(应)战 有-----的迹象 没有-----的迹 向某人致敬 让步,让路 过时,不再流行 分享,分担 赋予某人做某事的特权 有权使用,有权利用 与某人交谈 对---有影响 偏爱----喜爱某物胜过----对某人有偏见 发烧 对----有权利 惧怕某事 与某人有点头之交 信任某人 和-----接触 控制---与----谈话 决心干某事. 做某事有困难 信任----记的,想到 同情-----,怜悯----39

have / find difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. have faith in have sth. in mind have mercy on/upon

hunger for / after have resort to sb. have no reference to have trouble with hold the position of (as) keep an eye on keep / control one’s temper keep one’s balance keep ( break ) one’s appointment keep company with keep sb. company keep competition between keep(break) faith keep one’s mind on keep/bear in mind keep one’s head keep pace with keep ( carry out) a promise keep in touch with sb. keep track of keep one’s word keep to the point lay a claim to lay / put / place emphasis on / upon lead the way learn by heart leave sth. out of consideration lose control of lose one’s balance lose one’s head lose heart lose contact with lose sight of lose one’s temper lose faith in lose track of make an appeal to sb. (for sth. ) make an appointment with sb. make an attempt to do sth. make the acquaintance of sb. (make) comments on/upon sth. make a comparison between make a complaint against

渴望 求助于某人 与------无关 与-----闹纠纷 担任---的职务 照看,留意 忍住不发脾气 保持平衡 守(违)约 与-----结交,与-----亲热 陪伴某人 在------之间进行竞争 忠于(背弃)信仰 专注于 记住 保持镇定 与-----并驾齐驱 遵守(履行)诺言 与某人保持联络 记录,保持与---联系 守信用 紧扣主题 主张,要求,自以为是 着重于,强调 领路,带路 记住,背过 不考虑某事 失去对------的控制 失去平衡 慌乱,惊慌失措 失去信心 与-----失去联系 看不见 发脾气 失去对-----的信任 失去----的线索 向某人呼吁某事 于某人约会 企图做某事 结识某人 评论 把----进行比较 控告
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make / offer an apology to sb. make the best of make a decision make a difference between make a difference to make an exception of make no exception(s) make one’s farewell (s) make fashion make a fortune make friends make inquiries of sb. about sth. make preparations against make preparations for make mention of make up one’s mind make a point make a promise make a reduction make references to make a response to make satisfaction for make /offer resistance to make sense make talk make way make trouble make use of obstacle to pay regard to pay attention to place an order for sth. with present a striking contrast between put / bring / carry into effect play a joke on sb. play a role in play a trick on sb. play a part (in) put in / into practice put sb. to shame put / place / lay stress on/upon put to use reaction to 决定

向某人道歉 充分利用 区别对待 使-----产生变化 把-----作为例外 不容许有例外 告别,道别 做做样子 发财 交朋友 向----某人询问某事 为防止-----做准备 为-----做准备 提及,谈到 下决心 立论,证明论点 许诺 减少 提到 对----做出答复 补偿 抵御,抵抗 讲得通,言之有理 聊天,闲谈 让路,腾出地方 找麻烦,闹事 利用 是----的障碍 重视 注意 向------订购某物 使两者形成明显的对比 实行,使起作用 开某人的玩笑 在-----中扮演角色,起作用 作弄某人 扮演----的角色 实施,实行 羞辱某人 把重点放在---使用 对-----的反应
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recovery from resist temptation run / take a risk set up (remove) a barrier between set up a claim to sth. set / give a good example to sb. set the fashion set fire to set a trap substitute for sth. take into account take (no) account of take advantage of take care take care of take a chance take charge of take (seek) comfort in take command of take into consideration take ( a) delight in take one’s departure take effect take one’s farewell of sb. take / give a glance at throw / cast light on/upon take notice of take /make an objection to take pains take part in take place take the place of take possession of take pride in take the resolution to do sth. take the responsibility for ( of) take / bear one’s share of take the firm stand take a stand for (against) sth. take one’s temperature take one’s time take turns thanks to

从-----中恢复 抵制诱惑 冒险 在------中设置(拆除)障碍 对-----提出要求 给某人树立榜样 创立新式样 点燃 设陷阱 代替物 考虑 (不)考虑 利用,趁-----之机 注意,当心 照料,照顾 冒险,投机 接管,管理 在------中得到(寻求)安慰 指挥 考虑 以------为乐 动身,出发 生效,起作用 向某人道别 对-----初略地看一下 使人了解某事 注意到 反对----努力,尽力 参加 发生,进行 取代,代替 占有,占领 以-----自豪 决心做某事 负起做某事的责任 承担自己的一份 坚定立场 赞成(反对)某事 量体温 不着急 依次,轮流 由于
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throw a scare into sb. throw / cast / put into the shade try one’s fortune yield / give way to temptation 4.形容词固定搭配 be absent from be accustomed to be applicable to be ashamed of be aware of be beneficial to be blind to be bound for/to be capable of be characteristic of be common to be compatible with be confident of be conscious of be consistent with be content with be contrary to be convenient to / for be crazy about/on be crazy for be critical of be dependent on / upon be distinct form be diverse from be doubtful about/of be due to be eager for/about/after be economical of be equivalent to be essential to/for be familiar to be familiar with be fit for / be fond of be foreign to be good at be generous with / in (doing)

吓坏某人 使逊色,使相形见绌 碰运气 经不起诱惑

缺席,不在 习惯于 适应于,应用于 对-----感到羞愧 意识到,知道 对----有利 对-----视而不见 准备到-----去的,一定 有-----能力的,可----的 特有的,表示----特性的 共同的,共有的 适合的,一致的 确信,相信 意识到 与----一致,与----相符 对----感到满意 与----相反 对-----方便 对-----着迷,热衷于 渴望 对----表示谴责,对-----感到不满 依赖,依靠 与-----不同,有区别 和----不一样 怀疑 由于,应归于, (按计划)将做---渴求-----节俭,节约 等于,相当于 必不可少的,基本的 为------所熟悉 熟悉 胜任----,适合-----喜欢 陌生的,与------无关的 擅长于 慷慨,大方
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be grateful to sb. for be guilty of be helpful to be identical to/with be ignorant of be independent of be indispensable for / to be inferior to be innocent of be jealous of be keen on be liable to be liable for be loyal to be married to be new to be opposite to be preferable to be prior to be proportional to be proud of be qualified for be qualified in be ready for be relative to be relevant to be representative of be resistant to be responsible to sb. for sth be ripe for be secure from / against be sensitive to be shy of be similar to be skillful at / in be strict with be subject to be sufficient for be suitable for / to be superior to be suspicious of be thirsty for be tired of

对-----表示感谢 对------感到内疚,犯----的罪 对----有帮助 与-----相同 不知道,无知 不依靠 必需的 劣于, (地位等)低于---清白的,无辜的 妒嫉-----,注意提防的 喜爱,着迷于-----易于------的,应受(处罚)的 有责任 对----忠诚的 和某人结婚 陌生的,不熟悉 对立的,相反的 更好的,更可取得 在----之前 与-----成比例 对----感到骄傲 胜任,具有---的资格 胜任,适合 为----做好准备 和----有关系的 与----有关 代表 对----有抵抗力的 对------负责 准备好的,时机成熟的 安全的 对----敏感的 对----迟疑,畏缩 和----相似 善于,精于 对-----严格要求 易受----的,受-----的支配 充足的,满足-----适合-----的 优于,比-----好 怀疑,猜疑 渴望-----厌烦,厌倦
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be typical of be uncertain of/about/as to be worthy of

典型的,具有代表性的 对-----不确定 值得------

4.介词固定搭配 above all after all ahead of ahead of time all at once all but all of a sudden all over all over again all right all the same all the time and so on / forth anything but apart from as a matter of fact as a result as a result of as a rule as for / to as regards as usual as well aside from at a loss at a time at all costs at all times at any rate at best at first at first sight at hand at heart at home at intervals at large 有其实,最重要的是 毕竟,终究 在-----之前 提前 突然,同时,一起 除了-----都,几乎 突然 到处,遍及 重新,再一次 行,好,安然无恙 依然,照样 一直,始终 等等,诸如此类 除-----以外的任何事 除-----以外(别无) 事实上 结果,因此 由于,作为----的结果 照例,通常 关于,至于 关于,有关 像往常一样,照例 叶,又,同样 除-----以外(尚无) 困惑,不追所措,亏本地 一次,每次 不惜一切代价,无论如何 无论何时,一直 无论如何,至少 充其量,最多 起先,最初 乍一看,第一次看到 在手边,在附近,即将到来 在内心里,本质上 在家,在国内,自在 不时,在(时间,距离上)以-----的间隔 详尽的,普遍的
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at last at least at length at most at no time at once at one time at present at sb’s disposal at the cost of at the same time at this rate at times back and forth because of before long beside the point beyond question by accident by air by all means by chance by far by hand by itself by means of by mistake by no means by oneself by reason of by the way by way of for good for the better for the sake of for the time being from time to time in a hurry in a moment in a sense in a / one way in a / one word in accordance with

最后,终于 至少,无论如何 最后,终于,详细地 最多,不超过 决不,从不 立刻,马上 曾经,一度,同时 目前,现在 由某人支配,供某人使用 以----为代价 同时,然而,不过 照此速度 有时,间或 来回,反复 由于,因为 不久(以后) 离题,不相干 毫无疑问 偶然 通过航空途径 务必,尽一切办法 意外地,碰巧 ------的多,最----用手,手工的 独自的,单独的 依靠,借助于 错误地,无意中做了错事 决不,并没有 独自的,单独的 由于,因为 顺便地 经过,以-----样的方式 永久地 好转,向好的方向发展 为了,为了-----的利益 暂时,眼下 有时,不时 匆忙,急于 立刻,马上 从某种意义上说 在某种程度上 总之,简而言之 依据,与----一致
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in addition in addition to in advance in any case in brief in case of in charge of in common in consequence in consequence of in debt in detail in difficulty in effect in fact in favor of in front of in future = from now on in general in half in hand in honor of in itself in line in line with in memory of in no case in no time in no way in order to in other words in part in particular in person in place in place of in practice in proportion to in public in quantity = in large quantities in question in / with relation to in return

此外 除----以外 预先,提前 在任何情况下,无论如何 以简洁的方式,简言之 如果发生,以防 负责,主管 共有的,共同的 结果,因此 由于-----的缘故 欠债 详细地 陷入困境 实际上,事实上 实际上,其实 赞同,支持,有利于 在-----前面 今后,从今以后 总的来说,大体上 分成两半 (工作)在进行中,待办理 为纪念,为庆祝 本质上,就本身而言 成一排,成一直线,有持续 符合,与----一致 为了纪念---决不,无论如何不 立刻,马上 状态良好,正气,有秩序 为了,以----为目的 换言之 在某种程度上,部分地 特别,尤其 亲自,本人 在合适的位置,适当地 代替,取代 在实践中,实际上 与----成比例 公开地,当众 大量 正在被谈论,被争论 涉及,关于 作为回报或报答
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in return for in short in / within sight of in spite of in step in step with in tears in the course of in the end in the event of in (the) face of in the first place in the future in (the)least in the light of in the way in time in / within touch in touch with in turn in vain instead of more or less no doubt no longer no more now and then off and on / on and off on a large scale on a small scale on account of on (an / the) average on behalf of on board on business on condition that on duty on earth on fire on foot on guard on hand on occasion(s)

作为-----的交换 总之,简言之 看得见,在视野范围内 不管,不顾 合拍,步调一致 与-----合步调,与-----一致 流着泪,哭泣 在-----过程中,在-----期间 最后,终于 万一,如果发生 面对,在-----前面 首先,本来 将来 丝毫,一点儿 鉴于,根据,由于 挡道,妨碍人的 及时,最后 联系,在----附近 与------有联系 依次,轮流,反过来 徒劳地 代替,而不是 或多或少 无疑 不再 不再,不再存在 不时,偶尔 有时,断断续续地 大规模地 小规模地 由于,因为 平均,通常 代表 在(船、飞机)上 因公,因事 在----条件下,如果 值班 究竟,到底 着火,起火 徒步,步行 值班,站岗 在手头,现有,在场 有时,间或
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on one’s guard on one’s own on purpose on sale on schedule on second thoughts on the contrary on the ground (s) of on (the) one hand on the other hand on the point of on the road on the spot on the whole on time once again once (and) for all once in a while once more / again out of breath out of control out of date out of doors out of order out of place out of practice out of sight out of the question out of touch (with) over and over ( again) so as to so---as to so far so/as far as--- be concerned sooner or later to the point under control under / in the circumstances under way up to date with / in regard to with respect to with the exception of

警惕,提防 独自地,独立地 有意,故意地 出售,廉价出售 按时间表,准时 继而一想,进一步考虑后 相反 根据,以-----为理由 一方面 另一方面 即将-----之时,正要-----的时候 在途中 在现场,当场 总的来看,大体上 准时,按时 再一次 一劳永逸,永远地 偶尔,间或 再一次 上气不接下气 失去控制 过时的,废弃的 户外的 不正齐,出故障的 不在合适的位置,不恰当的 久不练习,荒疏 看不见,在视野之外 不可能,办不到的 与-----无联系 反复,再三 为的是,以致于 如此-----以致于 迄今为止 就------而言 迟早 切题,切中要害 被控制住 在这种情况下 在进行中 时新的,现代化的 关于,至于 关于,至于 除------以外
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without question word for word

毫无疑问 逐字地,一字不变地

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