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度米文库汇编之把英语句子写活的10种方法——英语写作[1]

度米文库汇编之把英语句子写活的 10 种方法——英语写作[1]

把英语句子写活的 10 种方法 学生写作时,如果仅局限在把内容交代清楚的水准上,只选用一些 普通的、直截了当的词,或一律使用简单句平铺直叙,那么,这样 写出来的文章就会像一碗白开水,呆板、单调,没有可读性。要使 文章耐人寻味,有深度,同学们就应尝试使用一些高级词汇或句型, 以凸显文章的亮点,使文章增添文采,给读者(尤其是阅卷老师留下 深刻印象)。具体说来,同学们可尝试以下方法: 1. 灵活改变句子开头 在通常情况下,英语句子的排列方式为“主语+谓语+宾语”,即主语 位于句子开头。但若根据情况适当改变句子的开头方式,比如使用 倒状语或以状语开头等,会使文章增强表现力。如: (1) there stands an old temple at the top of the hill. → at the top of the hill there stands an old temple. 在小山顶上有一座古庙。 (2) you can do it well only in this way. → only in this way can you do it well. 只有这样你才能把它做好。 (3) a young woman sat by the window. → by the window sat a young woman. 窗户边坐着一个年轻妇女。 2. 避免重复使用同一词语

为了使表达更生动,更富表现力,同学们在写作时应尽量避免重复 使用同一词语来表示同一意思,尤其是一些老生常谈的词语。如有 的同学一看到“喜欢”二字,就会立刻想起 like,事实上,英语中表示 类似意思的词和短语很多,如 love, enjoy, prefer, appreciate, be fond of, care for 等。如: i like reading while my brother likes watching television. → i like reading while my brother enjoys watching television. 我喜欢看书,而我的兄弟却喜欢看电视。 3. 合理使用省略句 合理恰当地使用省略句,不仅可以使文章精练、简洁,而且会使文 章更具文采和可读性。如: (1) he may be busy. if he’s busy, i’ll call later. if he is not busy, can i see him now? → he may be busy. if so, i’ll call later. if not, can i see him now? 他可能很忙,要是这样,我以后再来拜访。要是不忙,我现在可以 见他吗? (2) if the weather is fine, we’ll go. if it is not fine, we’ll not go. → if the weather is fine, we’ll go. if not, not. 如果天气好,我们就去;如果天气不好,我们就不去了。 (3) she could have applied for that job, but she didn’t do so. → she could have applied for that job, but she didn’t. 她本可申请这份工作的,但她没有。 4. 适当运用非谓语结构 非谓语结构通常被认为是一种高级结构,适当运用非谓语结构,会 给人一种熟练驾驭语言的印象。如: (1) when he heard the news, they all jumped for joy. → hearing the news, they all jumped for joy. 听了这消息他们都高兴得跳了起来。 (2) as i didn’t know her address, i wasn’t able to get in touch with her. → not knowing her address, i wasn’t able to get in touch with her. 由于不知道她的地址,我没法和她联