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Acing the TOEFL Writing Expression


Acing the TOEFL Writing General Ability Improvement Ⅱ Expression Improvement Frequently Used Expressions do not know: sth. is beyond sb. sth. remains a mystery to sb. (Pool No.28) sb. is wrong: sb. holds a mistaken idea that ~ sb. lives under the illusion that ~~ it is a tragedy for you to cherish an idea that~~ Frequently Used Expressions important: vital, essential, crucial, indispensable, be of prime/vital/utmost (219) importance/significance to (65) play an enormous/active/considerable /essential role (162) carry much/little weight the issue—adolescents’ delinquency—has recently gained prominence in ~. (208) at the crossroads in one’s life (39) Frequently Used Expressions pay attention to: attach/devote significance to focus/concentrate/fasten/rivet attention/emphasis/efforts/thoughts upon place/lay special/great/proper/considerable emphasis/stress upon (41,114,161) highlight/underscore/underline the success place top/high priority on attach top/high priority to put success/moral value ahead of/over (174) (149) (128) (160) (40) (77)

neglect/ignore/overlook Frequently Used Expressions draw/attract/catch/claim one’s/public/general attention to sth. bring sth. to one’s attention absorb one’s attention be (67) regarded as a

(94,75,21) primary/national/growing concern

a frequent/common occurrence

(6)

in every aspect of life, in all walks of life, (133,134) people on the rungs of the social ladder (157) Frequently Used Expressions realize: recognize, perceive be aware/conscious/cognizant of there is a growing awareness/realization /recognition bring me the realization of awaken sb. to the fact/truth/need/danger warn sb. of/about/against the danger alert sb. to possible dangers/crisis

(52)

of/that

(214)

(73,46,220,29) Frequently Used Expressions many: a great many, a large number of, a multitude/host of, enormous, (8,12,13) much: a large amount of, a great deal of (11,7) a lot of: a great mass of, plenty of (9,163) Frequently Used Expressions a wide/broad range of choices/interests/ /phenomena/possibilities/circumstances (20) a variety of, a vast array of (16,17)

the vast/overwhelming majority of people/ /the public/the population (212) a sizable/great percentage of college population a considerable/large/small proportion/segment of Frequently Used Expressions more and more: a growing/increasing/mounting/soaring number/amount of people in ever increasing numbers be on the rise/increase (10,156,66) protect: safeguard sth. preserve one’s eyesight preserve the environment from pollution shield/shelter sb. from the danger (186,166,167,191) Frequently Used Expressions possible, impossible: increase/enhance the chance/opportunity/likelihood of (doing sth.) (15,5)

(136) make it possible/impossible there is much/no/little chance/possibility to/that it may well be that, chances are good/remote/slim that stand a good/little/no chance of, the odds are good that, risk failure, run the risk of (146,216,139,79,198,209,183,185) Frequently Used Expressions popular: (business) flourish/thrive/prosper/boom (poverty/violence) flourish/thrive /be rife/be rampant/be prevalent sth. be widespread (1,4,199) the passion/feeling/attitude/hope runs high among people/in culture /through the mainstream of (211) Frequently Used Expressions dedicate oneself to: devote/apply/commit oneself to Since the age of 15, I have devoted myself to learning. make great/positive/enormous contribution to (145) Frequently Used Expressions want to: intend/expect/mean/manage/propose/ plan/wish/dream to for the purpose of doing sth. aim at (doing) sth. be intended/meant/designed/calculated to (education) be oriented to (115,116,28,62,2) for the sake of, for the benefit of Try to: attempt to, endeavor to make determined/resolute/systematic attempts to Frequently Used Expressions try one’s best to: exert great/considerable/tremendous /continuous/persistent/sustained/concerted effort to, spare no efforts/pains to, do everything possible to, go to all/great/tremendous lengths/pains to do (100,197,93,121) (43,95,144)

(91)

(138)

decide to: determine to, resolve to (90) Frequently Used Expressions regard sth. as: consider/view/think of /conceive of/perceive/understand /look upon/identify sth. as refer to ~ as ~ identify/equate sth. with sth. (82,176,131) (55)

be able to do: be capable of doing sth. We are capable of obtaining a great deal of information on the internet. A great deal of information can be available on the internet. Frequently Used Expressions end: bring sth. to an end, put an end to

(74,173) be an obstacle to, be a barrier to hinder sb. from doing sth. hamper/impede the development/advance (50,129,122) Keep/prevent/bar/discourage/inhibit/ban/prohibit sb. from doing sth. be limited/restricted/confined to Frequently Used Expressions In a logic/rational/interesting/conventional plausible/prevailing/persuasive/concise /business-like/straightforward/enjoyable reliable/far-fetched(牽強的、不自然的) an avenue to success/honor a new/effective/fair means of, a vehicle for/of find/obtain a channel for one’s effort/energy seek an outlet for one’s strong emotion (34,14,18,133,188) an alternative to sth., an approach to problems (32,33) Frequently Used Expressions give: provide sb. with sth. provide sth. to/for sb. supply, furnish, offer sb. sth. ; offer sth. to sb. (201,202,151,152) present sb. with a situation /challenge/dilemma /question/alternative (165) (63) (140)

fashion (132)

(171,172)

Frequently Used Expressions give: accord sb. happiness/social status /equality/high honors/permission

(24)

owe sb. the right/curriculum (154) Society and government owed the people only three things: “liberty, justice and equality of opportunity”. Competition took care of the rest. Frequently Used Expressions do not give: deny sb. the chance/opportunity /right/assistance/help/favor deprive/rob/strip sb. of the right appeal to: attract, fascinate, arise one’s interest, express/demonstrate/exhibit interest in sth. (37,106) Countless people express considerable interest in Olympic Games. Frequently Used Expressions get: gain, obtain, acquire, secure, attain, win enjoy high popularity achieve/attain/accomplish success (86,89)

(97,25)

happen: change/transformation occur/take place/come about idea/problem emerge/arise accompany the change/shift/increase (80,130,23) shortage/crisis loom ahead for sb. worries loom up/large in one’s mind/society (new things) spring up Frequently Used Expressions show: indicate/convey/suggest /demonstrate/illustrate there are signs/hints that, there is a strong tendency to do

(192,224,3)

(137,214,215) with: Along with the decline of public esteem of our profession, we have witnessed the decline in the public confidence in media. with the advent/coming/invention of Worldly success has always carried/brought with it a certain poignancy, an awareness that you cannot take it with you. (31,223,78) Frequently Used Expressions make sb. do sth.: allow/permit/lead/induce/enable/cause

/propel/encourage/urge/persuade/stimulate /motivate/inspire/prompt sb. to do sth. fill sb. with fear/despair/confidence leave/render sb. puzzled/frustrated /disappointed (203) sb. (111)

(30)

(142)

surprise/sadden/frighten/disappoint /confuse/depress/embarrass/shock Frequently Used Expressions be based on: be founded/grounded/built on depend/hinge upon quality/effort/education fame/reputation/theory rest on depend /rely sb./sth. to do sth. lay/build up a feed on movies

sound/solid foundation for sth.

(61,88,108,87,141,110) Frequently Used Expressions be familiar with: be/become acquainted with have a clear/good sense/notion of, make sense of have a better/deeper understanding of have/deepen a full/sound appreciation of have/gain/offer a clear/new perspective on have good/much/little knowledge of appreciate/comprehend/apprehend (the impact) (69,123,124,125,126,36) Frequently Used Expressions pressure: exert/bring/impose/generate/create a great/severe/constant/tremendous /substantial/enormous/intolerable pressure on sb. (to do sth.) (101) under the pressure to do sth. pressure (from/in sth.) mount bear the pressure (218,168,70) Frequently Used Expressions suffer from: be plagued/troubled by sth. be obsessed by/with dangers/worries/temptations be afflicted with (64,49) experience/encounter severe/grave problem /acute shortage/setbacks/increase in crime (104)

seek/obtain/offer release/relief from the stress/pressure/tension relieve/release sb. from the burden relieve sb. of one’s pain/stress (179,180,181) Frequently Used Expressions reduce: lessen/ease/alleviate/diminish the impact/effect/blow/tension/suffering/discomfort cushion the impact/shock, soften/reduce the blow (143,83,196) minimize the consequences/risks/hazards /inconvenience shrink the supply/need/distance diminish popularity/friction resources/health/hope shrink/dwindle away to nothing/insignificance

(148,193,92,182) Frequently Used Expressions enhance one’s confidence/self-worth reinforce/strengthen ties/values/determination /the control increase/augment/multiply/widen/deepen one’s understanding of (96,178,135) deepen/intensify a crisis/worries (85) Instead of being liberated, they suffer from over-choice and are wounded, plunged into a sorrow and loneliness intensified by the very multiplicity of their options accelerate the growth/pace, the pace/rhythm/tempo of ~ is quickening Frequently Used Expressions face: confront fierce challenges/crisis be confronted with face with courage: face/stand up to do not face, escape from: shun competition shy away from (doing) sth. avert a crisis/disaster run away from reality a way/means of escaping/retreating from reality (194,195,184,19) Frequently Used Expressions broaden/expand/widen/enlarge one’s interest/outlook/view/mental horizons sharpen one’s mind (for a highly competitive ~) (76,190) promote mutual understanding/health advance/enhance/boost/propel/fuel/stimulate the growth serve/act as the catalyst for the growth (22,210)

(81,56) (107)

(170,27,189) Frequently Used Expressions tend to: be apt/inclined/prone to do sth. (51) owe success/miracle to, attribute/ascribe failure/success to come from: arise/evolve/spring/stem from be derived from, originate in about: surrounding, regarding, with regard to

(155,44) (38,57,153) (204)

go through: experience/undergo/pass through difficulties/hardships/troubles (105) be forced to: be obliged/compelled to (60) be reluctant to Frequently Used Expressions benefit: be beneficial to, be (heavily) weighed in favor of exert/have positive/significant influence on benefit from, profit from (54,47,103,71,169) cause harm to sb.: be detrimental to exert/have adverse/detrimental influence on threaten, pose a threat to, be weighed against (58,102,217,164,68) pervade/penetrate into/permeate the whole society/every aspect of our lives (159) Frequently Used Expressions Widen the gap/breach/gulf/discrepancy the gap between~and~ remains wide/is widening (221) fill/bridge/close/reduce the gap the gap between ~ remains narrow /is narrowing/closing/diminishing (112,207)


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