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雅思作文中常见替换词


1. important/crucial/ significant/ essential/ paramount/is the first(top) priority/

2. 无处不在的 common/universal/ubiquitous

3. abundant =ample/ plentiful/ adequate/rich/

4. 坚持 stick to=adhere to/cling to/ hold on to/

5. I think/argue/ contend/ believe/ I’m convinced/ hold the opinion that/ hold the position that/

6. Some: a few; certain; Many: a lot of ; a number of ; Most: eight or nine out of ten ;the majority of;

7.

8.accurate=precise/exact /correct

9. 金融危机 economic crisis(downturn, recession, depression)

10.

11.competitor =rival, opponent(especially in sports and politics)

12. an increasing number of; a growing number of; increasingly

13.opinon=perspective, standpoint(means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

14.fame=prestige(describe those who are admired), reputation

15.build=erect(you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish

16.insult=humiliate(do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)

17.complain=grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)

18.primary=radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental

19.relieve=alleviate(alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)

20.force=coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to),compel

21.enlarge=magnify(magnify means make something larger than it really is)

23. Lonely=solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her

24.small=minuscule(very small) 25.praise=extol(stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political)/sign highly of

26.hard-working=assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly/studious/

28.poor(soil)=barren, infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it) /impoverished

29.fragile=brittle, vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)/weak

30.show=indicate/reveal/make it clear that…/

31.big=massive(large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal(use this word, you emphasize something’s large),

tremendous(INFORMAL)

32.avoid=shun/

33.fair=impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.) 34.attack=assault(physically attack someone), assail (attack violently 35.dislike=abhor(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons), loathe(dislike very much)! 36.ruin=devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.)

39.always=invariably(the same as always, but better than

always)

40.forever=perpetual(a

perpetual

state

never

changes),

immutable(something immutable will never change or be changed)/permanent/

41.surprise=startle(it

means

surprise

you

slightly),

astound(surprise you to a large degree),astonish(the same as astound)

42.enthusiasm=zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm)

43.quiet=tranquil(calm and peaceful), serene(calm and quiet)!

44.expensive=exorbitant(it means too expensive that it should be)

45.luxurious=lavish(impressive

and

very

expensive),

sumptuous(grand and very expensive)

46.boring=tedious(if you describe something tedious, you mean

it is boring and frustrating)/

47.respect=esteem(if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL

48.worry=fret(if you fret about something, you worry about it)

49.cold=chilly(unpleasantly cold), icy(extremely cold)

50.hot=boiling(very hot)

51.dangerous=perilous(very dangerous, hazardous(dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

52.nowadays=currently 53.only=unique(the only one of its kind), distinctive 54.stop=cease(if something ceases, it stops happening or existing) 55.part=component(the components of something are the parts that it is made of) 56.result=consequence(the results or effects of something) 57.obvious=apparent, manifest

60.quite=fairly/rather

61.pathetic=lamentable(very uncomfortable and disappointing)

62.field=domain(a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

63.appear=emerge(come into existence)/loom

64.whole=entire(the whole of something)

65.wet=moist(slightly wet), damp(slightly wet), humid(very damp and hot)

66.wrong=erroneous(incorrect or partly correct)

67.difficult=formidable/hard/demanding/tough/

68.change=convert(change into another form)

69.typical=quintessential(this word means represent a typical

example of something)

70.careful=cautious(very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible)

71.ability=capacity, capability(the same as ability)

72.strange=eccentric(if some one is eccentric, s/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people)

73.rich=affluent(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

74.use= utilize (the same as use)

75.dubious=skeptical(if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.)

76.satisfy=gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)/meet the demands of /

77.short=fleeting, ephemeral(if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)

78.scholarship=fellowship

79.angry=enraged(extremely angry)/outraged/annoyed/

82.attractive=appealing(pleasing

and

attractive),

absorbing(something absorbing can attract you a great deal)/eye-catching/

84.disorder=disarray, chaos,mess

85.crazily=frantically(used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way)

87.ordinary=mundane(very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual)

88. 尽管 even though/despite/in spite of

89.best=optimal(used to describe the best level something can achieve)

90.sharp=acute(severe and intense)

91.难以想象的 unbelievable=inconceivable /incredible

92.复杂的 complex/complicated

93.method=avenue(away of getting something done)/way

94.famous=distinguished/ well-known/renowned/

95.ancient=archaic(extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

96.decorate=embellish(embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else)

97.可能的:possible/probable

98.so=consequently, accordingly

99.rare=infrequent (doesn't happen often)

100.考虑到 considering that/in view of/taking into account

101.好像 as though


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