第一节：六级作文试题分析 一. 六级作文试题分类 六级作文从试题角度可以分为现象解释型、对比选择型、问题解决型、观点论证型与应 用文五种类型。 (一) 现象解释型 此类作文在六级考试作文中最为常见。命题主要要求考生对某一社会现象进行解释并 加以评论，其基本结构是：首先说明现状;其次阐述这种现状产生或存在的原因;最后做出分 析，提出建议或总结观点。例如：1.现象解释六级真题(2003 年 6 月) 图表内容是 1990，1995，2000 的公房和私房变化柱状表，趋势是公房越来越少，私房 越来越多。 提纲： 提纲：1.简单描述一下图表内容 2.变化原因 3.这个变化对个人和社会的影响 字数 150 以上，时间 30 分钟。 ［参考范文］Changes of Ownership of Houses in China 参考范文］ Ownership of houses in China has changed greatly in the past decade. In the past, most houses were stateowned. But now, private houses are everywhere. As is shown in the chart above, in 1990, the city’s houses were mainly state-owned, with a percentage of 75. This percentage became 60 in the year 1995 and then dropped sharply to 20 in 2000. At the same time, the number of private houses has soared up to 80 percent. There are mainly two reasons that account for this rapid change. Firstly, the government has been forwarding the policy to support private houses programs. These programs have proved to be very important in developing China’s economy. Secondly, with the development of economy, people’s standard of living has risen. They want to have their own houses to satisfy their needs. The change has enabled more people to enjoy larger living space. At the same time, people feel pressure to make more money so that they can buy their own houses. (二) 对比选择型 此类作文同样是六级考试中常见的类型，它的标志十分明显。作文题目要求较明确， 富有针对性， 即直接要求考试比较两种观点或做法， 进而表明自己对问题或事务的态度或观 点，也就是做出选择。例如：(2000 年 6 月，1999 年 6 月) Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary? The first sentence has already been written for you. You should write at least 120 words, and bas your composition on the outline
given in Chinese below: 1. 很多认为有必要举行英语口语考试，理由是......2. 也
有人持不同意见，......3. 我的看法和打算 范文： A host of people expecially teachers think it is necessary to hold spoken English test. They regard if someone want to master English well, he had to say English fluently. Firstly, through such a test, which can motivate students plunge into learning spoken English. Secondly, China is a competing society. Pehaps you will beat your rival obtaining your job which you are satisfied with by saying fluent English. Lastly, China is expericining reform and opening-up. Many foreigners come into China. If you want to communicate with them,you had to grasp spoken English well. All these points are indispensable to holding spoken English test. Some people ,however, take a different attitude. Spoken English test is regarded as being unnecessary. For one thing, they think China has not a good language circumstance to practice spoken English. For another, In daily life, most of us have a touch with Chinese. It is unnecessary for us to communicate with each other in using English. As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of holding spoken English test, which will benifit students forever. If you can say English fluently,you will pround of yourself. So I decide to study spoken English hard and grasp every opportunities to practice my spoken English.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Reading Selectively Or Extensively? You
should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1. 有人认为读书要有选择 2. 有人认为应当博览群书 3. 我的看法 Reading Selectively Or Extensively Some people think when we read we should read selectively. That is to say, we should select some books we are interested in and ignore the others. Reading selectively can help us concentrate our limited time and attention on those selected books. Others think we should read extensively. No matter what kind of book it is, we should look it over. We should read various kinds of books, whether we are interested in them or not. They maintain that reading extensively can help to enlarge our view and grasp the general knowledge in different fields. In my opinion, the two reading ways have their roles respectively in our reading. However, the disadvantages of each methods are easy to see. If we only read the books we select or prefer, the framework of our knowledge may not be complete. Our knowledge would be rather limited. And if we read without selection, we may not have so much time and energy to be specialized in one particular field. Therefore, the combination of the two methods is more reasonable.
(三) 问题解决型 此类作文要求考生从提示性文字或图表、图画入手，解释提示性文字、图表、图画反 映出的问题，提出问题的危害性或解决这一问题的紧迫性;然后对问题展开分析，提出解决 问题的方案或应对措施;最后一段要求考生表明自己的态度、 做法等。 2000 年 1 月真题。 如
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic How I Finance My College Education. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1. 上大学的费用(tuition and fees)可以通过多种途径解决 2. 哪种途径适合于我(说明理由) How I Finance My College Education 范文： 范文：
Several years ago new tuition fee policy was put into practice and college students were asked to pay a certain sum of money. And now, all the students, no matter what subjects they are engaged in, must pay for tuition. There are many ways for a student to finance his college education. Most students ask their parents to pay the tuition fee and pay for their books, accommodation and other cost. A student can also apply for the scholarship. Most universities set up scholarship to offer money to the poor students who do well in entrance exams and reward those who do well in entrance exams and reward those who work well at university. A student can also apply for the low-interest loans. In addition to the above, taking part-time jobs is also a common way for a college student to get money to pay part of his tuition and fees. So far as I’m concerned, I’d prefer earning the scholarship. This means I must study hard and be a top student, which has always been my goal. After all, the task of a student is to study. And in addition to solving my financial problems, getting the scholarship can also prove my ability and is good for my future.
(四) 观点论证型 此类作文往往要求考生根据题目给出论点，按照提纲的结构要求对其下论证，然后表 明自己的立场和看法。通过摆事实、讲道理的方式剖析事物，论述事理，发表意见，确立或 否认某一主张。如：1999 年 1 月六级真题。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Don’t Hesitate to Say “No”. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1. 别人请求帮助时，在什么情况下我们会说“不”。 2. 为什么有些人在该说“不”的时候不说“不”。 3. 该说“不”时不说“不”的坏处。 Don’t Hesitate to Say “No” 范文： 范文： In our daily life, there are many occasions on which we should not hesitate to refuse when asked for help. For one thing, when it is beyond our ability, we should give a direct reply “no”. For another, we the thing we are asked for is unreasonable or even illegal, we should say “no” without hesitation. However, it is not the case in our real life. Many people prefer to say “yes” when they should say “no”. Some are afraid to lose their
face, since they think refusal means their inability. Some people are afraid to offend their acquaintances’ face, such as their friends, relatives and so on. In fact, doing so is quite harmful. If you agree to do the things beyond your ability, the result will only be worse. The other might as well have asked another person who can help. And if you agree to do the unreasonable or even the illegal favors, such as cheating in the exam, you are in fact not helping the other but hurting him. You yourself will get into trouble too.
(五) 应用文 应用文中的信函，也是六级作文设计的试题之一。在这类题型中，考生会读到一个特 定的场景， 试题要求考生按照这个场景给相关人士写一封短信， 并在信中明确表达自己写信 的原因、动机、目的和愿望等。文章所设及的内容多种多样，但大部分都与日常生活比较贴 近。 书信的类型可能变化万千， 如邀请信、 申请信、 感谢信、 道歉信等， 但是万变不离其宗， 只要掌握了英语书信的格式，并应用恰当的句式和语句，就一定能够写出好的文章来。 二. 解决方案 1. 建议考生分解作文观点，扩充内容。 2. 建议考生在写作时只选择自己能够驾奴的句式和词语。 3. 建议考生在文章中长短句搭配使用，用短句表达观点，长句推理分析。 4. 建议考生选用作文模板，限定文章逻辑结构。 5. 建议考生采用固定的句式，限定文章的字数。 第二节：写作技巧及作文结构安排 一. 写作技巧。 1. 根据文章大意判断作文题型。 2. 各种题型的写作方法。 现象解释型：基本方法为：描述现象→分析原因→对现象做出预测或如何促进(限制) 这种现象的进一步发展。 对比选择型：基本方法为：阐述一种观点或态度并表明这种观点或态度正确的理由;阐 述第二种(相对或相反的)观点或态度并说明这种观点或态度正确的理由;表明个人支持或反 对以上观点或态度，并说明原因。 问题解决型：基本方法为：提出问题→分析问题→解决问题。 观点论证型：基本方法为：分析主题→得出结论→举例论证→得出结论(证明观点的正 确性)。 应用文基本方法为：分析所给情景→选择写作方法。 3. 三段式作文的结构安排
题型 第一段 第二段 第三段 现象解释型 描述现象 说明现象产生的原因 表明个人态度或阐述个人做法。 对比选择型 表明一方或双方由的观点及理 表明另一方的观点及理由， 指出双方观点不足之 处及理由 表明个人态度或阐述个人做法。 问题解决型 提出问题 分析问题，给出解决方案 表明个人态度或阐述个人做法 观点论证型 提出论点 例证论点 得出结论或表明个人看法或做法。 应用文 描述事实 阐述原因 表明观点或提出建议。
第三节：十二句作文法写作模板 一. 现象解释型写作模板 现象解释型模板一 Topic sentence ①——has become a common part of people's life. ②And——has always aroused the greatest concern. ③what impresses us most is ——. ④The reasons——are varied. 信息提示 1.空格内用概括性的词语填出最近出现的总体现象。 2.空格内填题目要去讨论的具体现象 3.现象的具体表现 4.过度句，填现象或现象带来的后果，为下文分析产生的原因做铺垫。 5. Among the various reasons,——plays an important role. 6.That is to say,—— 7.What is more,—— 8.For example,—— 5.原因之一。 6.具体说明原因一。 7 原因二。 8 举例说明原因二 9.When talking about——，——， 10.On the one hand—— 11.On the other hand,—— 12.In brief,—— 9.空格一填作者要讨论的现象，空格二填作者的看法。10.支持看法的理 由一或说明 看法的第一个方面。11.理由二或第二个方面。12.总结。 2003 年 9 月真题
Reading regularly has long become a common part of people's life. And reading preference has always aroused the greatest concern. What impresses us most is according to the table, the percentage of book circulation in an American university library, which shows that the circulation of popular fictions, general nonfictions, science/technology/education books and art/ literature/poetry books accounts for 65.9%,18.2%,10.8%and 5.1% respectively. The reasons for the phenomenon are varied. Among the various reasons, the appealing content of the popular fictions plays an important part. That is to say, thanks to its appealing plot, popular fictions attract more people than other types of books do. What is more, science and art books which require readers' knowledge on relevant fields are highly demanding. For example, it's hard for students majoring in chemistry to understand Browning's poems, and vice versa. When talking about my reading preference, I think I prefer to science books. On the one hand, in order to deepen what I'm specializing in, I need read more books relevant to my major. On the other hand, these books can also broaden our horizons. In brief, college students should choose books according to their interests and needs. 现象解释型模板二 1.We have witnessed —— 2.According to ——, —— 3.And —— 4.Many reasons contribute to—— 1.空格内填最近出现的总体现象。2.空格 一根据题目填 the chart,thereport 等，空格二内填现象的具体表现一。3.现象的具体表 现二 4.过度句，填现象或现象带来的后果，为下文分析产生的原因做铺垫。 5. To begin with ,——. 6.More over,—— 7.In addition ,—— 8.As a result ,—— 5.原因之一 6. 原因二 7.原因三 8.原因导致的结果 9.As to me,——， 10.First of all,—— 11.Besides,—— 12.To conclude,—— 9.空格内填作者对现象的看法。10.支持看法的理由一。 11.理由二。12.总结
We have witnessed that college students vary in reading preference. According to the table of the percentage of book circulation in an American university library, the circulation of popular fictions and general nonfictions accounts for 65.9% and 18.2% respectively. And the table shows that the circulation of science/technology/education books and art/ literature/poetry books is 10.8%and 5.1% respectively. Many reasons contribute to this phenomenon. To begin with, popular fictions usually possess more appealing plot than ther types of books do, so many readers are attracted by popular fictions. Moreover, popular fictions and general nonfictions are easier to be understood. In addition, science and art books demand certain knowledge in special field of study. As a result, more students tend to choose popular fictions and general nonfictions. As to me, I'm in favor of books of science and technology. First of all, in order to deepen what I'm leaning, I need read more books relevant to my major and observe the new development in science and technology circles. Besides, there books can also broaden my vision. To conclude, college students should choose books according to their interests and needs. 现象解释型模板三 1. ——has been brought into focus. 2.Nowdays,——. 3.In addition, ——. 4.Many reasons contribute to—— (1)空格内填最近出现的总体现象 (2).空 格内填现象的具体表现一。 (3).现象的具体表现二 (4).过度句到分析原因。 5. Generally speaking ,——. 6.First of all,—— 7.More over,—— 8.Therefore ,—— 5.承上启下开始列举原因 6. 原因之一 7 原因二 8 对原因一二进行总结。 9.As far as I am concerned,——， 10.As we known ,—— 11.Furthermore,—— 12.In a word,—— 9.空格内填作者对现象的看法。10.支持看法的理由一。11. 理由二。12.总结
此类型真题有 2002 年 6 月、1996 年 6 月。 对比选择型作文模板 模板一 1.Different people have different views on— 2. Some people prefer ,— 3. Others tend to, — 4.As to me, I agree with /to —(1)开门见山直入主体，表明对某事人们的不 同看法。(2)表明一部分人的看法。(3)另一部分的看法。(4)作者的看法。 5. Of course,— 6.For example,— 7.But,— 8.The following reasons can account for my preference—(1)承认自己不 赞同的看法有一定的合理性。(2)举例说明支持第五句。(3)转折指出这种观点的不足。(4) 启下句过度到下段具体阐述自己所支持的观点的理由。 9.The main reason is — 10.A good example to illustrate is — 11.Fur another,— 12.From the foregoing,—9.支持观点的理由一。10.举例说明理由一。11.理 由二。12.总结全文，从长远看来。 2002 年 6 月真题：Is a test of spoken necessary? A test of spoken English will be included as an optional component of the College English Test (CET). Different people have different views on it. Some prefer to have such a test. Others tend to decline any kind of test of spoken English. As to me, I agree with the first statement. Of course, a test of spoken English is very difficult to handle and the test time is not long enough to fully displayparticipants' ability to spoken in English. For example, if a candidate draws a topic which he of she is not familiar with, it's hard to show his or her command of spoken English. But without such a test, some people may not have motivation to practice spoken English. The following reasons can account for my preference. The main reason is that such a test enhances college students' awareness of the importance of spoken English. A good example to illustrate is that several years ago, college students only stressed reading and writing skills, ignoring to building up listening and speaking ability. For another, a certificate of such a test will make job-hunting easier. From the foregoing, I think a test of spoken English is of necessity. 模板二(1999 年 6 月真题)
1.There is no complete agreement among people as to — 2. Some people consider,— 3. However, others think, — 4.Some people may say — 5. They hold this opinion because— 6. However, others believe,— 7.They argue that,— 8.Personally,I am in favor of the— 9. Firstly, —. 10.Secondly,— 11.Most important of all — 12.Taking above-mentioned factors into consideration, we/I may reasonably conclude that — (1)开门见山直入主体，表明对某事人们的不同看法。(2) 表明一部分人的看法。 (3)另一部分的看法。 (4)观点一的理由。 (5)深入阐述观点一的理由。 (6)观点二的理由。 (7) 深入阐述观点二的理由。 (8) 我的看法。 (9)个人看法依据一。 (10) 个人看法依据二。(11) 个人看法依据三。(12)总结全文。 模板三 1. When asked about —,different people will offer different opinions. 2. Some people take it for granted that—. 3. In their opinion, —. 4. Besides — 5. However, others hold—. 6.They maintain— 7.And— 8.Weighing up these arguments, I am for— 9. For one thing—. 10.For anther,— 11.For instance,— 12.Therefore, as stated above—(1)开门见山直入主体，表明对某事人们的不 同看法。(2)提出观点一。(3)观点一的理由一。(4)观点一的理由二。(5)提出观点二。(6) 观点二的理由一。(7)观点二的理由二。(8)我的观点。(9)个人观点理由一。(10) 个人观 点理由二。(11) 举例说明。(12)综上所述再次强调自己的观点。 Is a test of spoken necessary? A test of spoken English will be included as an optional component of the College English Test (CET). When talking about it, different people will offer different opinions. Some people take it for granted that college students should take a test of spoken English. In their opinion, it is good chance for them to test their spoken English. Besides, it also make them know the importance of the spoken English.
However, others hold that a test of spoken English is unnecessary in the university and colleges. They maintain that college students' practice of spoken English is not for testing but for daily use. And they think it is hard to manage such a subjective test. Weighing up these two arguments, I am for the first point of view. For one thing, spoken English is very important. For another, a test of spoken English can guide and supervise students to make conversation practice. For instance, when choosing books and other materials, students can pick them according to the bands of the test they want to take. Therefore, as stated above, the first point of view can hold water. 问题解决型作文模板 模板一 1. With the development/improvement of —,— 2. It is necessary that—. 3. On the one hand, —. 4. On the other hand, — 5. Therefore, how to — is worth paying attention. 6.Firstly— 7.Secondly— 8.For example,— 9. Thirdly, —. 10.In other words,— 11.In fact, ways to — are countless. 12.It's time that — (1)空格一处铺垫，空格二处填写某一问题。(2)关注解决现象引 出的问题很必要。(3)解决问题很必要的理由一。(4)解决问题很必要的理由二。(5)承上启 下，填要解决的问题。(6)解决办法一。(7) 解决办法二。(8)举例解释解决办法二。(9) 解 决办法三。(10) 阐明解决办法三。(11)指出解决问题的办法多种多样。(12) 强调解决问 题时不可待。 2004 年 1 月真题：Reduce Waste on Campus With the improvement of living standard, waste on campus is increasingly serious. It is necessary that something should be done to reduce waste on campus. On the one hand, our waste has already caused a great loss of precious resources, such as water and electricity. On the other hand, our waste adds our parents as well as our society a burden. Therefore, how to eliminate waste on campus is worth paying attention. Firstly, we should turn off the light when we leave our dorms or classrooms so as to save electricity as much as possible. Secondly, we should stop wasting
water when we bath, or wash clothes and dishes. For example, we should use a basin when we clean faces. Thirdly, we should be economical. In other words, when go shopping, we should buy only what we really need. In fact, the ways to reduce waste on campus are countless. It's time that we cultivate the habit of thrift in every possible way. 模板二 1. There has been a discussion recently about—. 2. It is obvious that—. 3. Additionally, —. 4. So it is high time, — 5. First of all, — 6.The reason is— 7.Secondly— 8.That is to say,— 9. Thirdly, —. 10.In fact, more than three ways can be adopted,— 11.As for me, — 12.All in all, —(破折号后接以下标号为 1-12 的内容，下同) 1.提出现存的问题。 2.解决问题很必要的理由一 3.解决问题很必要的理由二。 4.承上启下，说明解决问题的必要性。 5.解决办法一 6.解决办法一的理由.。 7.解决办法二。8. 阐明解决办法二。 9. 解决办法三。 10. 指出解决问题的办法多种多样。 11. 小结解决问题的根本途径。 12. 总结全文。 Reduce Waste on Campus There has been a discussion recently about waste on campus. It is obvious that a great loss of precious resources, such as water and electricity have been caused by waste. Additionally, our waste adds our parents and society a burden. So it is high time that we took actions to reduce the waste on campus. First of all, we should stop wasting water when we bath, or clean faces, or wash clothes and dishes. The reason is that there is a great shortage of water in the word. Secondly, we should be economical. That is to say, when go shopping,
we should buy only what we really need. Thirdly, we should turn off the light when we leave dorms or classrooms so as to save electricity as much as possible. In fact, more than three ways can be adopted. As for me, the cultivation of good habit of thrift is most important for all of us. All in all, every college student should join in the efforts to combat the waste on campus. 模板三(2001 年 1 月) 1. It is certain that—. 2. For one reason,—. 3. For another, —. 4. However, some still puzzle on how to —. 5. Here come some suggestions. 6. To begin with,— 7. Secondly— 8. For instance,— 9. Thirdly, —. 10. That is because— 11. The solution varies according to different situations. 12. Therefore, — 1.提出问题及解决的必要性。 2.解决问题很必要的理由一 3.解决问题很必要的理由二。 4.转折到如何解决问题。 5.呈上指出解决问题的方法很多。 6.解决办法一.。 7.解决办法二。 8. 阐明解决办法二。 9. 解决办法三。 10. 其理由。 11.解决问题的办法随具体情况不同而变化根本途径。 12. 总结全文，要灵活地依据具体情况处理问题。 观点论证型作文模板 模板一 1. It is true that—. 2. However,—. 3.I think—. 4.— can be listed as follow. 5. First of all, —
6. Secondly — 7.For example— 8.Thirdly,— 9. A case in point is —. 10.It goes without saying that— 11.There is no doubt that — 12.In conclusion — 1.提出普遍存在地观点。 2.谈不同地观点。 3.自己地观点，即文章地论点 4.过度句，转折到观点地论证，由题目选择具体的词。 5.论证理由一 6.论证理由二。 7.举例具体说明理由二。 8. 论证理由三。 9. 举例说明理由三。 10. 提出执行该观点时应注意的事项。 11. 得出结论。 12. 总结全文。