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2016高考英语二轮复习 冲刺第20练 阅读+完形+语法填空+短文改错


第 20 练
Ⅰ.阅读理解

阅读+完形+语法填空+短文改错

A 体裁:记叙文 话题:社会教育 词数:310 时间:6′ (2015·济南模拟)American LaMar Baylor spends most of his time in New York, working as a performer in the Broadway musical—The Lion King.But since 2011,he has also spent weeks in Kigali,the capital of Rwanda.There he teaches dance to boys who live on the street.His teaching is part of an effort by the Rebecca Davis Dance Company.The project helps young people learn more about dance and learn how to behave in a classroom environment. LaMar Baylor describes his students as genocide (大屠杀) survivors.They have lost all of their families,and some even have been in prison.“They have been through things that no one should ever have to go through,” said Baylor.Dance classes provide the children with structured learning and self-expression that they've never had before.They can also take classes in information and technology after they have learned to attend classes and follow directions. Boys who have done best in the classes win scholarships,and are sent to the Sunrise Boarding School.About 30 boys have won this kind of financial aid.All the students are male,because few girls in Rwanda live freely on the street. The Rwanda program is the largest one set up by the Rebecca Davis Dance Company, founded and directed by Rebecca Davis.Ms Davis has also set up dance programs in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Guinea.About 2,000 children in the three countries have taken part in the project since its launch (发起) in 2010. As for LaMar Baylor,he knows from his own experience how dance can lead to a better life.He is from Camden,New Jersey.Camden has sometimes been called America's poorest and most dangerous city.Mr Baylor says that growing up in Camden,it took a long time for him to find out what he wanted to do.He now thinks dancing saved his life. 【语篇解读】 作为百老汇音乐剧《狮子王》的演员,拉马尔·贝洛尔通过教授街头流浪儿

跳舞,使他们得到受教育的机会。 1.What do we know about LaMar Baylor according to the text? A.He spends most of his time in Rwanda. B.He is director of the musical The Lion King. C.He himself grew up in a poor environment. D.He started the Rwanda program on his own. 答案 C [推理判断题。根据文章最后一段的“He is from Camden...most dangerous

city.”可知,他在贫困的环境中长大。故选 C 项。] 2.It can be learned from the text that the children in Rwanda ________. A.have gone through tough time B.have committed violent crimes C.worked hard to win scholarships D.focused mainly on dancing 答案 A [细节理解题。根据文章第二段的一、二句可知,拉马尔·贝洛尔称他的学生

是大屠杀的幸存者,他们都失去了家人,有的还坐过牢,因此孩子们经历艰难的时期。 故选 A 项。] 3.In how many countries are the dance programs launched? A.Two. C.Four. 答案 B.Three. D.Five.

B [细节理解题。文章第一段提到了卢旺达的首都基加利,第四段提到了波斯尼

亚——黑塞哥维那和几内亚,由此可知,舞蹈项目在三个国家进行。故选 B 项。] 4.Which of the following is true of the dance project? A.Most children participating in it are boys. B.The project could date back to the year of 2010. C.It is aimed to improve the kids' dancing skills. D.It has gained much support from the world. 答案 B [正误判断题。 根据文章第四段的最后一句可知, 这个舞蹈项目是在 2010 年发 起的。故选 B 项。] B 体裁:说明文 话题:巴黎“自行车之都” 词数:351 时间:5′

Paris is planning to double the number of cycling lanes(车道) by 2020 to turn the city into “the world's bike capital”.The 150 million - euro project will increase the number of safe bike lanes from the current 700 kilometers (435 miles) to 1,400 kilometers within five years. Paris town hall hopes the new lanes will help triple (增至三倍) the number of journeys made on a bike from five percent to 15 percent by that time.The new “express network” for bikes will introduce protected cycling lanes on major streets throughout the city, including the banks of the Seine, separated from the traffic.“We think that there are people ready to cycle but don' t do it because of a sense of not being safe,” said Christophe Najdovski,Green deputy mayor (副市长) in charge of transport.“This plan will create a new form of tourism in Paris which is booming (迅速发展) elsewhere soon,” he said. The plans also include increasing the number of two-way cycling lanes on smaller roads,where the speed limit for motorists will be limited to 30 km/h.Among the new cycle lanes will be one along the famous dangerous street—Champs Elysees.Some 10, 000 bike parking spaces will be added along the cycling lanes at the same time according to the plans.City hall intends to set up cycling classes and repair workshops to get Parisians on their bikes. Paris' famous bike rental (租赁的) company “Velib” is going from strength to strength,with some 283,000 subscribers (用户) and 40 million individual rentals this year already.The city is now considering introducing electric bikes for hillier parts like Montmartre. The plans come days after Paris suffered worrying pollution levels that topped Shanghai for a short time,according to one weather agency. 【语篇解读】 巴黎市争将巴黎打造为“世界自行车之都”。 5.Why do some people in Paris not cycle at present? A.They are worried about their safety. B.There are no cycling lanes in the city. C.They work too faraway from their homes. D.There are no bike parking spaces in the city.

答案 A [细节理解题。根据第二段“We think that there are people ready to cycle but don' t do it because of a sense of not being safe”可知,有不少市民想要骑 自行车出行,但是出于安全方面的担忧而放弃了这一想法。] 6.Cycling classes and repair workshops will be set up in Paris to ________. A.inspire people to take exercise B.lower the risk of unemployment C.teach people to cycle safely D.encourage people to cycle 答案 D [细节理解题。根据第三段“City hall intends to set up cycling classes and repair workshops to get Parisians on their bikes.”可知,市政厅还计划开设 自行车课程,增加自行车修理间,鼓励巴黎市民骑车出行。] 7.It can be known from the passage that ________. A.Paris is one of the most polluted cities in the world B.more and more people in Paris will travel by bike C.Paris has the biggest number of bikes in the world D.the cycling lanes in Paris are the safest in the world 答案 B [ 推 理 判 断 题 。 根 据 倒 数 第 二 段 “Paris' famous bike rental company

“Velib” is going from strength to strength,with some 283,000 subscribers and 40 million individual rentals this year already.”可知,巴黎著名的自行车租赁 公司“Velib”不断壮大。今年,该公司已拥有注册用户 28.3 万人,个人租车已达 4000 万次。故可推知,越来越多的巴黎人将骑车出行。] 8.What makes Paris town hall design the plans? A.Pollution. C.Unemployment. 答案 B.Population. D.Weather.

A [细节理解题。根据最后一段“The plans come days after Paris suffered

worrying pollution levels that topped Shanghai for a short time,according to one weather agency.”可知,一家气象机构表示,近期,巴黎的污染级别曾令人担忧, 曾一度赶超上海。然后巴黎自行车计划就诞生了。] Ⅱ.完形填空 体裁:记叙文 话题:微笑的力量 词数:300 时间:18′

(2015· 陕 西 二 模 )Many years ago , Norman Cousins was diagnosed( 诊 断 ) with cancer.He was given six months to live.His __9__ of recovery was one in 500. He could see that the worry,low spirits and __10__ in his life contributed to, or perhaps helped cause,his disease.He wondered,“__11__ illness can be caused by negativity,can wellness be __12__ by being positive?”He decided to make __13__ on himself. He knew that __14__ was one of the most positive activities.He rented all the funny movies he __15__ find.He read funny stories.He asked his friends to call him whenever they said,heard or did something __16__. His pain was so great that he could not __17__.He found laughing for 10 minutes relieved(减轻) the __18__ for several hours so he could sleep.He fully __19__ from his illness and lived another 20 happy,__20__ and productive years.He believed that the love of his family and friends and laughing contributed to his recovery. Some people think laughing is a waste of __21__.They say it is something to enjoy only at times.__22__,laughing is necessary and very important to our well -being and aliveness.If we're not well,laughing helps us get __23__;if we are well,laughing helps us __24__ that way. Scientific studies have shown that laughter has a curative(有疗效的) __25__ on the body, the mind and the emotions.So, if you like laughing, __26__ it medical advice to do it as often as you can.If you don't like laughing , then take your medicine—laughing anyway. Use __27__ makes you laugh—movies,records,books,cartoons,jokes,etc. Give yourself permission to laugh whenever anything funny strikes you.People around you may think you're __28__,but sooner or later they'll join in even if they don't know what you're laughing about. Some diseases may be contagious( 感染的 ) , but none is as contagious as the cure—laughter. 【语篇解读】 本文通过 Norman Cousins 康复的实例告诉我们,笑是一副良药,它能让人 摆脱烦恼,摆脱疾病。 9.A.chance B.experience

C.dream 答案 A

D.test [依据文中的“He was given six months to live”可知,Norman Cousins

康复的几率是五百分之一。] 10.A.happiness C.laziness 答案 B B.anger D.hardworking

[ 本句中的“and”说明该空所填的词与“worry”“low spirits”意思相

近,且都是表示情感类的词,因此选 anger。] 11.A.Whether C.If 答案 C B.Where D.Until [依据下文中的“can wellness be __12__ by being positive”可知,这里

是条件状语从句,因此用 if 引导。] 12.A.stopped C.measured 答案 D B.missed D.created

[健康可以由积极乐观创造(created)。] B.an expression D.a survey

13.A.an experiment C.a decision 答案 A

[ 因为这仅仅是 Norman Cousins 的想法,因此他想在自己身上做试验 (an

experiment)。] 14.A.talking C.resting 答案 D B.showing D.laughing

[ 由下文中的“He found laughing for 10 minutes relieved(减轻 )the

__18__ for several hours so he could sleep”可知,这里指的是笑(laughing)。] 15.A.must 答案 B B.could C.should D.might

[由下文中的“He read funny stories”可知,他租了所有他能够(could)

找到的喜剧电影。] 16.A.hard 答案 B B.funny C.easy D.successful

[由上文中的“all the funny movies”和“He read funny stories”可知,

这里指一些滑稽的事情。] 17.A.work 答案 C B.eat C.sleep D.walk

[由下文中的“relieved(减轻)the __18__ for several hours so he could

sleep”可知,这里指疼痛使他难以入眠。] 18.A.energy 答案 C B.stress C.pain D.weight

[他发现笑十分钟可减轻疼痛(pain)数小时,于是他就可以睡着了。] B.recovered D.learned

19.A.rescued C.escaped 答案 B

[依据下文中的“lived another 20 happy,__20__ and productive years”

和“laughing contributed to his recovery”可知,他康复了。] 20.A.painful C.careful 答案 D B.struggling D.healthy

[ 他从疾病中完全康复了,又过了快乐、健康和生命力旺盛的 20 年。

healthy“健康的”,符合语境。] 21.A.money C.fame 答案 D B.strength D.time [由下文中的“They say it is something to enjoy only at times”可知,

有些人认为笑是浪费时间。] 22.A.In fact C.In time 答案 A 23.A.good 答案 C 24.A.stay 答案 B.In case D.In short

[事实上(In fact),笑对我们的健康和活力是必要和非常重要的。] B.ill C.well D.energetic

[依据句中的“If we're not well”可知, 此处应用 well, 表示“健康的”。 ] B.leave C.drop D.change

A [如果我们健康,笑帮助我们保持下去。stay 在本句中是系动词,表示“保

持某种状态”。] 25.A.pressure C.advice 答案 D B.question D.effect

[科学研究表明,笑对身体、心智与情感有医疗效果。have an effect on 是

固定短语,表示“对??有影响/作用”。] 26.A.ignore 答案 C B.refuse C.consider D.receive

[如果你喜欢笑, 把它当作医学建议, 尽可能经常地笑吧。 consider sth(to be)

+名词/形容词表示“认为??是”。]

27.A.however C.whichever 答案 B

B.whatever D.whenever

[使用任何令你发笑的东西,比如电影、唱片、书籍、漫画、笑话等。该空所

填词既在主句中作 Use 的宾语,又在从句中作主语,故选 whatever。] 28.A.wonderful C.friendly 答案 B.strange D.wrong

B [你周围的人可能认为你是奇怪的(strange),但是迟早他们会加入你,即使

他们不知道你在笑什么。] Ⅲ.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Why is pink or purple for girls and blue or brown for boys?The answer depends largely __29__ cultural values as well as personal experiences. People's __30__(choose) of colors is also influenced by their bodies' reactions toward them.Green is said to be the most restful(宁静的)__31__.It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally and physically.People __32__(work) in green environment have been found to have __33__ stomachaches.To the Egyptians, green was a color __34__ represented the hope and joy of spring. Red is a symbol of good luck in many cultures.During the Spring Festival in China, children __35__(give) money in a red envelope to bring good fortune in the New Year.Red can also cause a person's blood pressure to rise and increase people's appetites( 胃 口 ) . Many decorators will include different shades of red in the restaurant.__36__(similar),many commercial websites will have a red “Buy Now” button because red is a color that easily catches a person's eye. For many nations,blue is a symbol of protection and religious beliefs.Greek people often wear a blue necklace, hoping to protect __37__ against evils(邪恶). Blue is another calming color.Unlike red , blue is believed to cause people to lose appetite.So __38__ you want to eat less,some suggest that eating from blue plates can help. 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇说明文。这是一篇有关颜色文化的文章。在不同的文化中,各种 颜色都会有不同的含义、 功能和作用。 为什么女孩子喜欢粉红色和紫色?而男孩则喜欢蓝色 和棕色呢?

29.on [考查介词。根据语境和空格前后的结构关系分析,句意:答案在很大程度上取决 于文化价值观和个人的经历。 故空格填入介词 on, depend on“取决于, 受??的影响”, 符合语境。] 30.choice [考查名词。根据上文的名词所有格 people's 和下文的 of colors 限定分析, 此空该填入动词 choose 的名词形式 choice。] 31.color [考查名词。与上文的 Green is said to be...形成对接,即“据说绿色是最 为宁静的颜色”,故填入名词 color。] 32.working [考查现在分词。根据句子结构分析,该句的主语是 People,谓语动词即为 have been found to have,故空格部分至 in green environment 是后置定语,修饰 people。又根据 people 与 work 的主谓关系分析,此处填入现在分词。] 33.fewer [考查形容词比较等级。根据上文“It has the ability to reduce pain”可 知,在绿色环境中工作的人比在其他环境中工作的人得胃病的几率更小。] 34.that/which [考查关系代词。根据句子结构分析,green was a color 即为主句,则 后面的部分为定语从句, 且该定语从句中缺少指物的主语, 故用关系代词 that 或 which 引导该定语从句。] 35.are given [考查语态。根据语境分析,该句缺少谓语动词,又因主语 children 与动 词 give 存在逻辑上的动宾关系,故用被动语态,再结合前后句的谓语动词分析,此句 也用一般现在时。故填入一般现在时的被动语态,即 are given。] 36.Similarly [考查副词。根据该空所处句首位置和后面的逗号分析,此处应是副词作状 语,故填入形容词 similar 的副词形式 similarly,且单词首字母必须大写。] 37.themselves [考查反身代词。根据上下文语境分析该句句意:希腊人常佩戴蓝色项链, 希望保护自己远离邪恶。故填入与 Greek people 吻合的反身代词 themselves。] 38.if [考查连词。根据下文 some suggest that eating from blue plates should help 分析:如果你想吃得更少些,人们就会建议你从蓝色的碟子中取食,(这)会有用。故用 if 引导条件状语从句。] Ⅳ.短文改错 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每句不超过两个错误; 2.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 3.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2014·成都一诊)Three weeks ago I bought the electronic dictionary at a shop.But I hadn't used it for several day before I found it didn't work.So I went to the shop, but only to be told that the problem could not be solved unless it was sent back the factory where it was made.Then I did as I was told with any delay.Unfortunately, the factory promised to repair the dictionary and sent it back in a week.Two weeks has past,but I haven't yet received one.I have no idea why things are like this.I'm looking forward to receive my dictionary as soon as possible. 答案 Three weeks ago I bought

the electronic dictionary at a shop.But I hadn't used an

it for several

day before I found it didn't work.So I went to the shop, days
? to
any

only to be told that the problem could not be solved unless it was sent back the factory where it was made.Then I did as I was told

with without

delay.

sent Unfortunately ,the factory promised to repair the dictionary and it send Fortunately one past ,but I haven't yet received .I have no idea it passed

back in a week.Two weeks has

why things are like this.I'm looking forward to as possible.

receive my dictionary as soon receiving


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