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40天攻克大学英语四级(词汇·语法·完形填空分册)-【免费下载】

Unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)
Day 1 1. Critics believe that the control of television by mass advertising has the quality of the programs. (2004.06) A) lessened B) declined C) affected D) effected 2. Some plants are very to light; they prefer the shade. (2003.12) A) sensible B) flexible C) objective D) sensitive 3. The author was required to submit an of about 200 words together with his research paper. (2003.12) A) edition B) editorial C) article D) abstract 4. It is too early to say whether IBM’s competitors will be able to their products to the new hardware at an affordable cost. (2003.09) A) adapt B) stick C) yield D) adopt 5. The football game comes to you from New York. (2002.01) A) live B) lively C) alive D) living 解题小贴士 1. 【C】 选项中有 affect,effect,出题者正是看中了我们对这两个单词的认知度不够。affect 意为“影响” (verb) ;effect 意为“结果,作用,影响” (noun) ;lessen 意为“减少,减轻” ; decline 意为“下倾,下降” 。正确答案为 C,题目译文为: “评论家们认为被大量广告控制 的电视已经影响了节目的质量。 ” 2. 【D】 在英语中一个单词的形容词形式有很多变形, 稍不注意, 我们就很容易被它们搞糊 涂,千万别掉进陷阱了哟!sense 意为“见识,感觉” ,加-tive 表示具感觉性质的,意为“敏 感的” ,引申意为“灵敏的,感光的” ;加-able 后意为“能够感到的,有意识的,明智的, 有判断力的” ;flexible 意为“灵活的,柔软的” ;objective 意为“客观的,公正的” 。所以正 确答案为 D,题目译文为: “有些植物对光特别敏感,它们喜欢荫凉处。 ” 3. 【D】 edition 表“版本” ,paper covered edition 平装本,hard copy edition 精装本;editorial 表“编辑的” ;article 表“文章,论文” ;abstract 表“摘要” 。按题目意思来看,只有“摘要” 才会是 200 字的。 所以正确答案为 D, 题目译文为: “作者不得不随他的研究论文交一份 200 字的摘要。 ” 4. 【A】 这一题的考点在 adapt 和 adopt 上,有些考生很难在短时间内区分出其意思,尤其 是放在一起时。前者意为“适应,改编” ,adapt to new conditions 适应新环境;后者中间为 “o” ,让我们想到 son,boy,所以意为“收养,采用” ,adopt skills 采用技巧,adopt children 收养孩子;stick 表“粘住,粘贴” ;yield 表“出产, (~to)屈服” 。正确答案为 A,题目译 文为: “IBM 的竞争对手是否能够以合适的成本使他们的产品去适应新的硬件,这件事情现 在说还为时尚早。 ” 5. 【A】 这几个单词都是 live 的形容词, 中 live 是我们经常在电视的右上角看到的, A 表示 “实况转播” 中的 lively 虽以-ly 结尾,但不是副词,而是形容词,表示“活泼的,真实 。B

的” ,这一点提示了我们并不是所有以-ly 结尾的单词都是副词,英语中有很多例外,如我们 较熟悉的 friendly“和蔼可亲的” ,weekly“每周一次的” 选项中 alive,也表示“活着的, 。C 活泼的” ,但通常情况下,以 a-开头的形容词做表语的居多。以-ing 结尾的形容词有正在进 行着之意,所以 living 意为“活着的,有生命的” 。所以正确答案为 A,题目译文为: “你观 看的足球赛来自纽约实况转播。 ” 以上的五道真题不过是茫茫词海中的一粟。 这些单词的典型特点就是极其相似, 一 不留神,就会中了出题人的招。不过换个思维来说,我们也可以将这些形似词做一个归纳, 放在一起类比,这样还会帮助我们记单词。既破了出题人的招,又扩展了自己的词汇。 形容词构词规律: 形容词的后缀有很多,不同的后缀会有不同的含义,以下是后缀的基本含义,记住 他们,再根据词根本身来猜测其引申含义: -tive,表性质,与??有关,具有??性质的:talkative 爱说话的,active 积极的, decisive 果断的 -ful,接名词后,表“充满??的,有??倾向的” :powerful 强有力的,peaceful 爱好和平的,doubtful 令人生疑的 -able,接动词后,表“可??的,能??的” :eatable 可吃的,bearable 可忍受的 -ed,接在动词后,表被动含义:preserved 受保护的 常考形容词系列单词: sensible 有感觉的,明智的,有判断力的 considerate 考虑周到的 sensitive 敏感的,灵敏的,感光的 considerable 相当大(或多)的,值得考虑的 respectable 可敬的,有名望的 imaginative 有想像力的 respected 受尊敬的,受尊重的 imaginable 可想像的,可能的 respective 分别的,各自的 imaginary 想像的,虚构的 respectful 恭敬的,尊敬的 雅典奥运会究竟花了多少钱?又给雅典带来了些什么? Latest estimates of the costs of hosting the Athens Olympics put them at up to $10bn — a huge amount for a small country like Greece, once the poorest in the EU. The nation has pinned hopes of a successful future on the events being a showcase for a “transformed” country, attracting new investors and tourists alike. Mr Doukas admitted that total spending on the Olympics was certain to rise to more than 7bn euros (£4.6bn) from an original estimate of 4.6 bn euros. 1. estimate: n. & v. 估计, 估价 My estimate of his abilities was wrong. 我对他的能力 估计错了。 2. transform: v. 转化,变化 political and economic transformation(n.)政治与经济 变革 3. original: a. 起初的,原来的,独创的,新颖的 an original invention 新的发明 【单词变形】origin(n. 起源)originality(n. 创意,新奇)original(a. 起初的, 原来的)originally(adv. 最初地,原先) 1. We are interested in the weather because it us so directly—what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel. A) benefits B) affects C) guides D) effects 2. Some diseases are by certain water animals. (2000.01) A) transplanted B) transformed C) transported D) transmitted

3. Visibility was poor owing to the thick fog, and our plane had to make a landing. A) forced B) forcing C) forceful D) forcible 4. These problems are very , because I don’t know what to do. A) worry B) worrisome C) worriless D) worried 5. The house in which passed was the smallest in that large city. A) imaginary B) imagined C) imaginative D) imaginable 6. At the top of the hill we were able to see the full of the city. A) expand B) extent C) expense D) extend 7. Many of the earliest into the United States established large plantations. A) emigrants B) emigration C) immigrants D) migrants 8. Many years ago, a lot of factories were from big cities to the mountainous areas in case of war. A) transferred B) transformed C) transmitted D) transported 9. Petrol is refined from the oil we take out of the ground. (2001.06) A) fresh B) original C) rude D) crude 10. The old couple decided to a boy and a girl, though they had three of their own. A) adapt B) bring C) receive D) adopt What kind of room has no windows or doors?

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 2 1. The countryside is in fresh air and green plants. A) abandoned B) appeared C) abundant D) abused 2. Your is requested at the Wednesday’s meeting. A) absence B) presence C) ability D) present 3. The citizens have free to the collections of the public library. A) access B) accuse C) assess D) absence 4. Many adults nowadays go back to college to a higher degree. A) acquire B) inquire C) require D) access 5. To drive a vehicle backwards you have to put it in gear. A) adverse B) diverse C) reverse D) traverse 解题小贴士 1. 【C】 这一题要考核我们对这几个词意思的辨析,abandoned 意为“被抛弃的” ,appeared 意为 “出现” ,是动词的过去分词形式,abundant 意为“丰富的” ;abused 意为 “滥用,辱骂” , 也是动词过去分词形式。这里显然是要填入一个形容词性的单词,根据上下文,正确答案为 C,题目译文为:乡村有着丰富的新鲜空气和绿色植物。 2. 【B】

这一题是对 absence 和 presence 的词义辨析,absence 意为“缺席” ;而 presence 意 为“出席” ;ability 意为“能力” ;present 是“出席”的动词和形容词形式。根据题意,正确 答案为 B,题目译文为:你必须在星期三的会议中出席。 3. 【A】 这一题中的几个单词看起来很容易混淆,那么对其意思的掌握就很重要了。access 意为“接近,进入,出入权” ,常与介词 to 搭配,此单词在历届考试中出现频率较高,请大 家重视这个单词;accuse 意为“控告,谴责” ;assess 意为“评估,评定” 。所以正确答案是 A,题目译文为:市民有免费借阅公共图书馆藏书的权利。 4. 【A】 这一题主要考查词根为 quire 的几个词。acquire 意为“获得,学到” ;inquire 意为 “询问,问明” ;require 意为“需要,要求” 。acquire a degree 是一个固定的搭配,意为获得 学位。 所以正确答案是 A, 题目译文为: 现在很多成年人又重新回到学校来攻读更高的学位。 5. 【C】 这组题,我们要搞清楚词根 verse 的意思,verse 做词根的时候意为“转向,转移” 。 adverse 意为“敌对的,相反的” 。diverse 意为“变化多的,不同的” 。reverse 可以用做名词、 动词和形容词,意为“相反,背面;相反的,倒转的” ;做动词意为“倒转,颠倒” 。traverse 中 tra-意为“穿越” ,它也可以做名词、动词和形容词,意为“横贯,横断;横的” ;做动词 意为“横穿,横越,来回穿过” 。reverse gear 是固定搭配,意为“机动车中的倒车挡位” 。 所以正确答案为 C,题目译文为:要把车往后开,就要置入倒车挡位。 上面的单词是不是又让你感到了绝望?记单词就是要经常把这些形似的单词比一 比。平时上课时提到某一单词的汉语释义时,同学们都会在同一时间内反应出几个单词,也 是被同样的问题所困扰, 所以我将常见常考的同形词进行了归纳总结。 希望大家记单词的时 候一定要比较地学习,今天只是一部分,后面还有呢! 1. aggressive a. 好斗的,敢做敢为的 progressive a. 前进的, (税收)累进的,进步的 2. altitude n.(尤指海拔)高度 attitude n. 姿势,态度 gratitude n. 感谢 multitude n. 多数,群众(the multitude) 3. assert v. 断言,声称 asset n. 财产;资产 4. blank a. 空白的,空着的,失色的,没有表情的 blink v. 眨眼 brink n.(峭岸、崖的)边缘 5. bloom ① n. 花,旺盛,青春 ② v.(使)开花, (使)繁盛 broom n. 扫帚 gloom n. 阴暗,阴沉 loom ① n. 织布机,织机 ② v. 隐现,迫近 6. boast ① n. 自夸,值得夸耀的事物 ② v. 自夸,以有??而自豪 boost v. 推进 roast v. 烤,烘,烘烤 7. brief ① a. 简短的,短暂的 ② n. 摘要,大纲 grief n. 悲痛,伤心事,不幸,忧伤 8. cease v. 停止,终了

ease ① n. 安逸,安心,不费力,悠闲 ② vt. 使悠闲,使安心,减轻,放松 ③ vi. 减弱,减轻,放松,灵活地移动 lease ① n. 租借,租约,租赁物,租期,延续的一段时间 ② vt. 出租,租出,租 得 release n. & vt. 释放,解放,放弃 tease ① n. 揶揄,戏弄,逗惹 ② vt. 取笑,逗恼 9. clash v. 冲突,撞击声,抵触 crash v. 碰撞,坠落,坠毁 crush vt. 压碎,碾碎,压服 10. complement ① n. 补足物;[语法]补语;[数]余角 ② vt. 补助,补足 compliment n. & vt. 称赞,恭维 implement vt. 贯彻,实现 网络的发明给了我们一个了解世界的机会,它的发展速度超乎我们的想像。 Then came e-mail a few years later, a core communications protocol(协议)called TCP/IP in the late 70s, the domain name system in the 80s and the World Wide Web—now the second most popular application behind e-mail—in 1990. The Internet expanded beyond its initial military and educational domain into businesses and homes around the world. 1. domain name: 域名 domain: 领土, 领地 World Wide Web: full name of WWW 万 维网 2. expand: v. 扩张,发展 expand operations 扩展业务 【单词变形】expansive(a. 广阔的,易扩张的)expansion(n. 扩充,开展,膨胀) 3. initial: a. 最初的;n. 词首大写字母 initial price 最初成本 【单词变形】initiative(n. 主动)take the initiative 带头,主动 1. We are in urgent need of a large number of salesmen so far. A) aggressive B) massive C) progressive D) possessive 2. She felt a deep sense of to the teacher who had encouraged her to go on to university. A) altitude B) gratitude C) attitude D) multitude 3. He that nuclear power was a safe and non-polluting energy source. A) asserted B) dessert C) deserted D) asset 4. In October 1962, the world seemed on the of nuclear war. A) blink B) brink C) blank D) branch 5. There was a sense of in the city after the team’s loss. A) broom B) gloom C) bloom D) loom 6. Hank was that he could drink a case of beer by himself. A) boosting B) boasting C) roasting D) toasting 7. The she felt over Helen’s death was almost unbearable. A) brief B) chief C) grief D thief 8. The rain and the sky cleared. A) released B) eased C) ceased D) teased 9. Coconuts have to be in order to extract their oil. A) crashed B) crushed C) clashed D) brushed 10. Rob always showered me with and made me feel special. A) complement B) compliment C) alignment D) implement

What is the longest word in the English language?

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 3 1. You have been the task of keeping the records up to date. A) signed B) assigned C) resigned D) designed 2. Mary wouldn’t do her homework until I her with ice cream. A) bride B) Bible C) bribed D) cribbed 3. The waiter brought the first , a simple leek and potato soup. A) course B) curse C) coarse D) cruise 4. He was a man of strong social , who actively campaigned against poverty in all its forms. A) conscious B) consciousness C) conscience D) conscienceless 5. I some of my time and energy to collecting money for the poor Christians. A) delicious B) dedicate C) design D) delicate 解题小贴士 1. 【B】 根据题干,此题肯定是要填入一个动词,选项 sign 意为“签名(于);assign 意为 ” “分配,委派” ;resign 意为“辞去,辞职” ;design 意为“设计” 。那么结合上下文,考虑 到题干中的被动态结构,正确答案为 B,译文为:你被委派了保持最新记录的任务。 2. 【C】 分析题干,此空需填入一个动词才合理,所以,bride 意为“新娘” ,和 Bible 意为 “圣经”就都被排除了。剩下的任务就是区别 bribe 和 crib 的词义,bribe 意为“贿赂” ,而 crib 意为“抄袭” ,此单词为超纲单词,如不认识,可不用考虑。所以正确答案为 C,译文 为:直到我给了玛丽一杯冰淇淋作为贿赂,她才愿意做家庭作业。 3. 【A】 这一题的难点单词在于 coarse,它看上去很像一个名字,但是不要被它迷惑了,其 实它是一个形容词,意为“粗糙的” ;选项 A. course,同学们都知道它是“过程,经过,课 程”的意思,但是不要忽略了它另外一个意思,那就是“一道菜” ;curse 意为“咒骂” ,名 词和动词同形,cruise 意为“巡游” 。正确答案为 A,题目译文为:侍者上了第一道菜:韭 菜和土豆汤。 4. 【C】 这一题 的几个单 词属于记 忆难点 。 conscious“意为 有意识 的,有 知觉的 ” ; consciousness 意为“意识,知觉” ;conscience 意为“良心,道德” ;conscienceless 意为“没 良心的” 。正确答案为 C,题目译文为:他有着很强的社会公德,经常积极参加各种形式的 反贫穷的运动。 5. 【B】 这一题要注意 D 选项 delicate,它看上去像个动词,其实是个形容词,意为“精致 的,精巧的” ;dedicate 是和 delicate 形似的词,意为“奉献,致力于” ;design 意为“设计,

计划” 。所以正确答案为 B,题目译文为:我花费自己的一些时间和精力为贫穷的基督徒募 集资金。 1. consent vi.(to)同意,赞成 contend v.(against, for, with)斗争,竞争 content ① n. 内容,容量,目录,满足 ② a. 满足的,满意的,愿意的 ③ vt. 使 满足 2. denote vt. 指示,表示 donate v. 捐赠,赠予 devote vt. 投入于,献身 3. explicit a. 明确的;清楚的 implicit a. 暗含的;含蓄的 4. incur vt. 招致;惹起 occur vi. 发生,出现; (与 to 连用)想起,想到 5. mass n. 块,大多数; (the mass)群众,民众 mess ① n. 混乱,脏乱 ② v. 弄乱 6. staff ① n. 全体职员;全体工作人员 ② vt. 提供人员;安置职员 stuff ① n. 原料,材料,素材,资料 ② vt. 塞满,填满,填充 7. statue n. 雕像,塑像 status n. 身份,地位,情形,状况 8. virtual a. 实际上的;事实上的 virtue n. 德行,美德 9. principal ① a. 主要的,首要的 ② n. 负责人,首长,校长 principle n. 法则,原则,原理 10. moral a. 道德(上)的,精神的 mortal a. 致命的 现代都市人的繁忙生活让他们少了许多娱乐,难怪有首歌中唱到:最近比较烦,比 较烦,看那前方怎么也看不到岸?? The conflict between the time we want off and the guilt we feel when we actually surrender(投降,自首)to leisure is a long-running battle. But it has gone to absurd degrees. It’ s an unstable economy, driven by 24-7 (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) technology and an over-scheduling craze. It has made many feel as if their free moments are a form of truancy(逃 避). 1. conflict n. & v. 斗争,冲突 conflict of interest 利益冲突 2. absurd a. 荒谬的,可笑的 Don’t be absurd! 不要胡闹! 3. unstable a. 不牢固的,不稳定的 unstable weather 不稳定的天气 【反义词】stable 稳定的 1. We’ll be with a respectable result in tomorrow’s match. A) consented B) content C) context D) contending 2. The English word “family” used to all the people in the house, including servants. A) denote B) donate C) devote D) dial 3. Be when you talk about money with your family. A) explicit B) implicit C) complicated D) complicit

4. The force of that competition is indicated by the costs that firms and the fees that they charge clients. A) concur B) incur C) occur D) carriage 5. There was a of people around the club entrance. A) mass B massive C) mess D) mission 6. The clinic is by retired doctors. A) stiff B) scolded C) stuffed D) staffed 7. Many mothers feel that they have very low in today’s society. A) station B) status C) statue D) states 8. Finding a cheap place to rent is a impossibility in this area. A) virtue B) virtual C) virginal D) various 9. His reason for making the journey was to visit his family. A) principle B) principally C) principal D) principled 10. It is easy to have an opinion on a issue like the death penalty for murder. A) merchant B) moral C) mass D) mortal What gets whiter the dirtier it gets?

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 4 1. For a long period of time Latin was the language of Italy. A) liberal B) literal C) literary D) literacy 2. We’re looking for highly young people, with a genuine interest in their task. A) intelligent B) intelligence C) intellect D) intelligible 3. The Japanese have no wish to Western social customs and attitudes. A) intimate B) imitate C) intimidate D) initiate 4. The couple were cheered and on their arrival. A) slapped B) lapped C) clapped D) tapped 5. At the time, the law gave women very little from violent husbands. A) protection B) investigation C) detection D) motivation 解题小贴士 1. 【C】 这一题的几个单词一眼看去很容易混淆,先区别 A 选项 liberal,意为“慷慨的,自 由主义的” ;其他的几个词都是和文字挂钩的,literal 意为“字面上的,不夸张的” ;literary 意为“文学上的,书本的” ;literacy 是名词,意为“有文化,有读写能力” 。那么题干的意 思应该是填入书面语言,显然正确答案是 C,题目译文为:很长一段时间,拉丁文是意大利 的书面语言。 2. 【A】 这一组词是常考的重点、难点,需要重点记忆,首先是两个名词:intelligence 意为

“智力,智能” ;intellect 也意为“智力” ,但是是强调的抽象思维的能力;剩下两个形容词, intelligent 意为“聪明的,伶俐的” ;intelligible 意为“可理解的” 。从句子结构来看应填入一 形容词,再根据上下文,正确答案为 A,题目译文为:我们正在寻找高智商的年轻人,他们 要对自己的任务有着真正的兴趣。 3. 【B】 这一组词也是很让人头疼的,我们必须加以重点区分。intimate 意为“亲密的” ; imitate 意为“模仿,仿效” ;intimidate 意为“胁迫” ;initiate 意为“开始,发起” 。根据上下 文,正确答案是 B,题目译文为:日本人不想模仿西方的观念和传统。 4. 【C】 这组词都涉及到动作的细微差别,很难区分。slap 意为“拍,掌击” ;lap 意为“轻 拍” ;clap 意为“鼓掌” ;tap 意为“轻敲” 。意思清楚了,答案就很明显了,正确答案为 C, 题目译文为:这对夫妻的到来受到了热烈的欢迎。 5. 【A】 这一题中的单词虽然形似,但是还是容易记忆和区分的。protection 意为“保护” ; investigation 意为“调查,研究” ;detection 意为“察觉,发现” ;motivation 意为“动机” 。 它们都有相对应的动词,也应该联想记忆:protect,investigate,detect,和 motivate。那么 根据题干,正确答案为 A,题目译文为:当时,法律对妇女遭受家庭暴力的保护很少。 1. detection n. 察觉,发觉 protection n. 保护 2. device n. 装置,设计,设备 devise vt. 设计,发明,图谋 revise vt. 修订,校订 3. disguise v. 假装,伪装 disgust ① vi. 令人厌恶,令人反感 ② vt. 使作呕 4. exterior a. 外部的,外在的,表面的 inferior a. 下等的,下级的 interior a. 内部的,内的 superior a. 较高的,上级的 5. course n. 过程,经过;课程;一道菜 cause n. 原因,动机,理由 vt. 引起,使发生 6. flesh n. 肉, (供食用的) 兽肉, 肉体, vt. 以肉喂 (猎犬等) 使肥, , 赋以血肉 vi. 长胖 fresh a. 新鲜的,无经验的,生的, adv. 最新地,刚刚 n. 开始,泛滥 flash n. 闪光,闪现,一瞬间 vi. 闪光,闪现,反射,使迅速传遍 vt. 使闪光,反 射 a. 闪光的,火速的 7. gasp vi. 喘息,气喘 vt. 气吁吁地说 grasp vt. 抓住,抓紧,掌握,领会 n. 抓住,抓紧,掌握,领会 8. cling vi.(clung)粘紧,附着;坚持(常与 to 连用) fling vt.(flung) (用力)扔,掷,扑 9. worship n. 崇拜,礼拜,尊敬 vi. 敬神,拜神 vt. 崇拜,尊敬 workshop n. 车间,工场 warship n. 军舰,战船 10. change n. 改变,变化,转变,找回的零钱 vt. 改变,变革,改造,兑换 charge n. 负荷,电荷,费用,主管,掌管 v. 装满,控诉,收费

chant n. 圣歌 美国大选,谁能获胜?看看他们名字的长短,即可见分晓。美国总统选举——名字 越短,当选的几率越高。 What’s the big question US presidential candidates should be asking themselves? Is my name short enough? So if you want to find a way of forecasting(预测)who is going to win the race for the presidency, look at the lengths and origins of their names. The pattern since World War II has been for candidates with increasingly short, poster-friendly names. And preferably sounding like they could be the lead characters in a mini-series. 1. candidate: n. 候选人,投考者 【同义词】applicant 申请人 2. pattern: n. 模[典]范,榜样 one’s pattern of behavior 一个人的行为特点 3. character: n. 身份,角色,能力 in his character as the father 以父亲的身份 1. She a method for quicker communications between offices. A) devices B) revises C) devises D) invokes 2. The FBI say the hijackers were very likely to have been . A) disguised B) disgusted C) distinguished D) disposed 3. She always acts so to everyone else. A) exterior B) interior C) inferior D) superior 4. This plane is in the of the flight. A) course B) cause C) source D) divorce 5. The Great Wall was made not only of stone, but of the and blood of millions of men. A) fish B) fresh C) flesh D) flash 6. Female workers like to in the office. A) gasp B) grasp C gossip D) gasoline 7. A Swedish wanted to join Napoleon’s Army. A) granted B) greatness C) gigantic D) great 8. He came back last night. A) late B) later C) lately D) latterly 9. He injured his hands in the . A) worship B) workshop C) warship D) relationship 10. He is in of this bothering task. A) change B) charge C) chant D) chard Can not be bought, can not be sold, even if it’s made of gold.

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 5 几天过去了,你对这一类词掌握得如何呀?本天是对前几天的一个复习,古人云: 温故而知新。不要放弃任何一个小小的挑战哟! 1. A. This plane is in the (过程)of the flight.

B. What’s the (原因)of the accident? C. Where is the (源头)of the river? 2. A. Many (式样)of bicycles are on show. B. Fill in the blanks with proper (情态的)verbs. 3. A. Little light (闪现)on the wall. B. The Great Wall was made not only of stone, but of the (肉体)and blood of millions of men. C. These are (新鲜的)vegetables. 4. A. He asked the man in the water to (抓)the rope. B. The people (喘气)at the cruelty of the bad boss. 5. A. The Department of Education gave him a (奖章)for his good work. B. This spear is made of (金属). 6. A. There are seven (奇迹)in the world. B. I saw him (徘徊)in the street. 7. A. The boy was (发抖)with cold. B. There is a (寺院)on the top of the hill. 8. A. He (摸)me on the forehead with his left hand. B. The boss is very (粗暴). 9. A. We have friends (遍及)the world. B. The Xiang River flows (通过)Changsha. C. The doctor gave the boy a (彻底的)examination. D. (虽然)he is a student, he knows a lot. 10. A. The old man was (挨饿)to death. B. The teacher (凝视)the class into silence. 11. A. The whole nation was in deep (悲哀)at this news. B. The road is so (狭窄的)that two cars can’t pass. 12. A. She got a (严重的)illness. B. Don’t be (好奇的)about everything. C. He felt (紧张的)when he said it to her. 13. A. There are seven heads of (牛)in the meadow. B. The (战斗)was over soon. C. How many (瓶)of beer are there on the table? 14. A. Beijing is the (首都)of China. B. He is a (上尉)in an army. 15. A. This (技术的)school was set up in 1960. B. The violinist’s (技巧)was excellent. 16. A. I (想)he’ll pass the examination. B. He is an (专家)on foreign affairs. 17. A. The (质量)of this kind of paper is quite good. B. He has a large (数量)of books. 18. A. The village had already been (抛弃)when the enemy arrived. B. There are (许多)supplies of wood in the forest. 19. A. The two parties (冲突)with each other on the question of tax deduction. B. The city police held a campaign to (压制)all kinds of crimes.

C. The table overturned and the trays (摔)down the ground to pieces. 20. A. He quitted because he did not think it was worth (竞争)for. B. You can choose any part of the book to read according to the table of (内容). C. My parents would never (同意)to such an unsuitable marriage. 21. A. He has (致力)his whole life to the national sports development. B. The foreign visitors were amazed at the (精致)traditional Chinese works of art. 22. A. His smile seemed to indicate his (含蓄的) consent to the way of my handling the matter. B. The doctor patiently gave Tom (明确的)instructions about taking these medicines. 23. A. If you lose the bet, you should clear away all the (脏乱)in the house. B. Sorry, I cannot stay with you tonight as I have a (多)of work to do. 24. A. A good (原则)is not to borrow money you can’t repay. B. The (主要)reason for changing the job is that he is not getting along well with his superior. 25. A. Mankind has never stopped his efforts to explore the (外部)world. B. With an attractive packaging, the beer which is inferior in quality looks quite (高级). 26. A. The official was sent to (设计)the work of controlling the flood in that area. B. He’s been (复习)his notes all week for the coming history examination. 27. A. He likes to wear suits made of fine cotton instead of (粗糙的)material. B. He called upon God to (诅咒)his cruel and ungrateful son. 28. A. Every one of the audience (鼓掌)when the tenor finished his song. B. Grandpa had his grandson on his (膝盖)and read him a story. 29. A. The official was arrested soon after he was found to have accepted (贿赂). B. The (新娘)was worried about her future the day before her marriage ceremony. 30. A. It’s (肯定的)that he’ll pass the examination. B. They asked a boy to draw the (幕布). 雅典奥运会胜利闭幕,火炬传给了中国北京。你,准备好了吗? The 2004 Olympic Games officially came to an end in Athens with a spectacular closing ceremony on August 29. Greek music and dance kicked off an evening of celebration before the flame was extinguished and the flag lowered. The torch has now been passed to China as Beijing prepares to host the Games in 2008. 1. officially adv. 职务上,正式 【单词变形】official(a. 职务上的,公务的)office(n. 办公室) office building 写 字楼 2. spectacular a. 引人入胜的,壮观的 in a spectacular fashion 惊人地,壮观地 【单词变形】spectator(n. 观众)spectacle(n. 观览物) (引人入胜的东西需要观 众用眼睛看) ,spect 词根意为“看见” 3. extinguish vt. 熄灭,消灭 to extinguish a fire 灭火 What has to be broken before it can be used?

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 6 1. The work was almost complete when we received orders to no further with it. (2003.06) A) progress B) proceed C) march D) promote 2. It was the first time that such a had to be taken at a British nuclear power station. (2004.06) A) presentation B) precaution C) preparation D) prediction 3. Many a player who had been highly thought of has from the tennis scene. (2003.12) A) disposed B) disappeared C) discouraged D) discarded 4. They were admission to the military exhibition because they were foreigners. (2003.09) A) denied B) declined C) deprived D) rejected 5. The twentieth century has witnessed an enormous worldwide political, economic and cultural . (2002.01) A) transmission B) transformation C) tradition D) transportation 解题小贴士 1. 【B】 前缀 pro-=for, before, forth, forward,有“向前,事先”之意。-gress 词根意为“走” , pro (forward) +gress (to walk) =进步,前进,pro (forward) +mote (to move) =升迁;支援;促 进(向前移动) ,pro (forward) + ceed (to go) = 继续进行;开始(往前) ,所以正确答案为 B, 题目译文为“当我们收到不必继续进行时,该工作即告结束。 ” 2. 【B】 前缀 pre =before, pre (before) + sent being 存在) 现在的 ( = (在眼前) precaution 预 , 防(事前的准备) ,pre (before) + pare (to get ready) = 准备,dict=to say, prediction 意为“事 先说,预测” 。所以此题选 B,题目译文为“那是第一次要在英国核能源站不得不采取这种 预防措施。 ” 3. 【B】 前缀 dis-=apart, away, dis- (apart) + pose (to place) = 陈列,排列,处置(个别放置) , dis- (to deprive of) + courage = 使气馁,使沮丧(剥夺勇气) ;discard,掷出无用的纸牌,抛 弃,丢掉之意。B)为正确选项,题目译文为“许多呼声甚高的球员在网球场上没出现。 ” 4. 【A】 de-=down, downward;deny 意为“否认,拒绝” ,deny sth to sb; de-+prive (private) = 剥夺,使丧失,常考搭配:deprive of; de-+cline (to bend) = 下降,下垂;reject 意为“拒绝, 抵制,否决” 。正确答案为 A,题目译文为“因为他们是外国人,所以他们不允许进入军事 展览。 ” 5. 【B】 trans=beyond, across, over; transmission,传输,传达;transformation,变形,变质; trans- (across) +port (to carry) +tion(名词后缀)=输送,运送。所以正确答案为 B,题目译文 为“20 世纪见证了一次全球性的政治、经济、文化的变革。 ”

汉语中有偏旁,英文单词也有,也就是我们所熟悉的前缀。英语中共有前缀 113 个, 而最常用或者说是在四级中的就很少了。 2 天向大家介绍在四级中常考的一些前缀及 这 引申出来的单词。解释中也有词根的介绍,希望大家能用这种说文解字的方法记单词。 1. pro-=for, before, forth, forward proceed vi. 进行,继续下去【pro-+ceed (to go) = 往前】 produce vt. 提出,出示,生产,制造【pro-+duce (to lead) =向前引出】 profess v. 表示【pro-+fess (to acknowledge)=公开承认】 progress vi. 前进,进步,进行【pro-+gress (to walk) =向前进】 project ① n. 计划,方案 ② v. 设计,计划【pro-+ject (to throw) =向前投掷】 propose vt. 计划,建议【pro-+pose (to put) = 置于前方】 2. pre- =before precaution n. 预防,警惕,防范【pre-+caution (小心) =事前的准备】 precede v. 领先(于) ,在??之前,先于【pre-+cede (to go) =走在前头】 predict v. 预知,预言,预报【pre-+dict (to say) =事先说】 prefer vt. 更喜欢,宁愿【pre-+fer (to carry) =搬到前面】 pretend vt. 假装,装扮【pre-+tend (to stretch, to spread) =展开于面前的】 present a. 现在的,出席的【pre-+sent (being) =在眼前】 3. per-=through, thoroughly, away perceive vt. 察觉【per-+ceive (to take) =通过感觉去接受】 perfect a. 完美的,全然的【per-+fect (to make) =做得很好】 perform vt. 履行,执行,表演,演出【per-+form (to provide, to furnish)=完全供给】 permeate vt. 弥漫,渗透,透过,充满 perfume n. 香味,芳香,香水【per-+fume (to smoke) =像烟一样地飘】 4. trans-=beyone, across, over transaction n. 交易,事务【trans-+action (drive) =不断推进事物】 transfer vt. 转移,调转,调任【trans-+fer (to carry) =越过??搬运】 transit vt. 横越,通过,经过【trans-+it (to go) =走到对岸】 translate vt. 翻译,解释,转化【trans-+late (to carry) =被搬到外面去】 transcend vt. 超越,胜过【trans-+scend (to climb) =超越??攀登】 5. dis-= apart, away disadvantage n. 不利,不利条件 discard vt. 丢弃,抛弃【dis-+card (paper) =掷出无用的纸牌】 discern v. 目睹,认识,洞悉【dis-+cern (to separate) =一个一个分开】 disapprove v. 不赞成 discourage vt. 使气馁,阻碍【dis-+courage =剥夺勇气】 display vt. 陈列, 展览, 【dis-+play (to fold) =将重叠的东西伸展开来使能看到】 显示 6. de-=apart, from defer vi. 推迟,延期【de-+fer (to carry) =回到离开的地方】 defrost vt. 除霜,使(冰的食物)融化【de-+frost(霜)=分开霜】 detach vt. 分开,分离【de-+tach(to stake 拴)=拴的相反】 奥运会闭幕式落下帷幕,运动员与希腊人民齐欢乐。 Fireworks and spectacular lighting kicked off the closing ceremony Sunday night, an extravaganza (铺张华丽的表演) folk dancing and music in the Olympic tradition that summed of up the glee(欢乐,高兴)and relief the games brought to Greece. Shortly afterward, thousands of

athletes marched into the stadium, waving their arms and flags, snapping photos of each other and bathing in the cheers of 70,000 fans. 1. sum: n. 总数,总和 paid an enormous sum 支付了一大笔款项 【单词变形】sum(n. 总数,总和)summary(n. 摘要,概要)summarize(v. 概 述,总结) 2. march: n. & v. 行军,前进 Science is on the march. 科学正在发展中。 3. snap: v. 拍照;猛地吸住,突然折断 The rope snapped. 绳子突然断了。 1. Many people lost their jobs during the business . (2003.06) A) desperation B) decrease C) despair D) depression 2. He to study harder in the future so that he could have more opportunities to find a better job. A) resolved B) resorted C) requested D) reserved 3. He gave us a good of his experience. A) demonstration B) frequency C) description D) instruction 4. As a teacher, you should not the students from asking questions in class. A) ruin B) restrain C) import D) impose 5. The rest of the day was entirely at his for reading or recreation. A) dismissal B) survival C) disposal D) arrival 6. In the Chinese household, grandparents and other relatives play roles in raising children. (2002.01) A) insensible B) indispensable C) incapable D) infinite 7. I hate people who the end of a film that you haven’t seen before. (1997.06) A) reveal B) revise C) rewrite D) reverse 8. As a commander, you should not the soldiers to unnecessary danger. A) express B) explode C) exploit D) expose 9. The local government has begun a in this city to cut down the traffic accidents. A) protest B) punishment C) protection D) project 10. What she achieved in her research might what she had been expecting. A) exceed B) exclaim C) excess D) extend What goes up when the rain comes down?

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 7 1. You should try to your ambition and be more realistic. (2004.06) A) reserve B) restrain C) retain D) replace 2. They are trying to the waste discharged by the factory for profit. (2003.12) A) expose B) exhaust C) exhibit D) exploit 3. Young people are not to stand and look at works of art, they want art they can

participate in. (2000.06) A) content B) generous C) confident D) conservative 4. Mr. Smith says: “The media are very good at sensing a mood and then it.”(2004.06) A) overtaking B) enlarging C) widening D) exaggerating 解题小贴士 1. 【B】 re-的前缀有 again, back 之意,re-(again)+serve(to keep)= 储备,保存,保留,预定; re-(again)+strain(to draw tight)=抑止,限制(再次拉紧) ;re-(back)+tain(to hold)= 保持,保留 (保存在后面) ;re-(again)+place(to put)= 取代,替换(重新放置) 。正确选项 B,题目译文 为: “你应该尽力抑制你的野心,并且更加现实一些。 ” 2. 【D】 ex-的前缀有 out of, fully 之意, 它的变体 e-也有此意。 ex-(out)+pose(to place)= 暴露, 陈列 (放在外面) ex-(out)+haust(to draw)=用尽, ; 使筋疲力尽 (抽出) ex-(out)+hibit(to have)= ; 展出,陈列(用手捧出来) ;exploit vt. 开拓,开发(公之于众人之前的行为) 。正确选项为 D,题目译文为: “他们力图利用工厂的废弃物牟利。 ” 3. 【A】 con-的前缀有 together, with, wholly 之意,con-(wholly)+tent(to hold)=满足的,满意 的 (完全抓住) con-+fid(to trust)+ent 形容词后缀) ; ( =自信的, 确信的 (完全相信) con-+serv ; (to keep)+tive(形容词后缀)=保守的,守旧的(完全守住) ;generous 慷慨的,大方的。正 确答案 A,题目译文为: “年轻人们并不满意站在一旁观望艺术作品,他们想要一些他们能 参与的作品。 ” 4. 【D】 此题中一共有三个前缀,over-(above, across, beyond)+take=赶上,追上;en-(使成 为)+large=to make large 扩大,增加;ex-(out)+ag((to)+ger(carry)+ate(动词后缀)=夸大, 夸张(超过一定程度的) 。正确选项 D,题目译文为:史密斯先生说: “媒体非常善于捕捉一 些情绪的东西,然后再对它夸张处理。 ” 1. re-=again, back recall vt. 回忆,回想,记起【re-+call=唤回】 recede v. 后退【re-+cede(to go)=往后退】 reclaim vt. 要求归还,收回【re-+claim(to cry out)=反复叫喊】 reduce vt. 减少,缩小【re-+duce(to lead)=引导回归】 refer v. 提交,谈及,查阅【re-+fer(to bear, to carry)=运回】 refresh v.(使)精神振作, (使)精力恢复,更新【re-+fresh=使再度凉爽】 regress v. 复原,逆行,使倒退【re-+gress(to walk)=向后行走】 remedy vt. 治疗,补救【re-+medy(to heal)=重新冶疗】 resist vt. 抵抗,反抗【re-+sist(stand)=站在??对面】 2. ex-=out of, fully exhaust vt. 用尽,耗尽,抽完,使筋疲力尽【ex-+haust(to draw)=抽出】 exhibit vt 展出,陈列【ex-+hibit(to have)=用手捧出来】 expire v. 期满,终止,呼气,断气【ex-+pire(to breathe)=吐气 inspire 鼓舞(吸气) 】 explicit a. 外在的,清楚的,直率的【ex-+plicit(folded)=向外折叠→表现在外面,

implicit 暗含的】 3. com, con=together, with, wholly coexist vi. 共存【co-+exist=共同存在】 concord n. 和谐,一致,和睦【con-+cord(heart)=同心】 confront vt. 使面临,对抗【con-+front(forehead)=面对面】 correct vt. 改正,纠正 a. 正确的,恰当的【cor-+rect(right)=使完全正确】 4. over-=above, across, beyond overact v. 夸张表演 overburden vt. 装载过多,负担过多 overcome vt. 战胜,克服,胜过 overcrowd vt. 容纳过多的人,使过度拥挤 overlap v. 重叠 overturn vt. 推翻,颠倒 overwhelm vt. 淹没,覆没,受打击,制服,压倒 5. im-/in-=in, into, on incline vt. 使倾向于,使倾斜【in-+cline(to lean)=向??靠过去】 include vt. 包括,包含【in-+clued(to shut)=关在里面 exclude 除外】 income n. 收入,收益【in-+come=进来的东西】 infect vt. [医]传染,感染【in-+fect(to make; to put)=to put in 进入病菌】 inflate vt. 使膨胀,使得意,使(通货)膨胀,使充气【in-+flate(to blow)=吹进去→ 使膨胀】 inhibit vt.(常与 from 连用)阻止,抑制【in-+hibit(to have)=持着→压制】 insight n. 洞察力,见识【in-+sight=the power of seeing into】 insert vt. 插入,嵌入【in-+sert(to join)=加在里面】 implant v. 灌输【im-+plant=种入脑海中】 imprison vt. 监禁,关押【im-+prison=to put in prison】 6. sub-=under subject vt. 使屈从于??,使隶属【sub-+ject(to throw)=往下投掷】 succeed v. 继??之后,继任,继承【suc-(=sub-)+ceed=跟随??走下去】 suppress vt. 镇压,抑制【sup-(=sub-)+press=往下压】 suspect v. 怀疑,猜想【sus-(=sub-)+pect=看下面】 科技给我们带来的变化是无法估量的, 从计算机到互联网: 但我们仍然期望科技会 更完善。 He acknowledges the Internet he helped build is far from finished, and changes are in store to meet growing demands for multimedia. Network providers now make only “best efforts” at delivering data packets, and Crocker said better guarantees are needed to prevent the skips and stutters(口吃,结巴)now common with video. 1. acknowledge: vt. 承认,答谢,报偿。 I acknowledge the truth of his statement. 我 承认他说的是事实。 【单词变形】acknowledgement(n. 承认) 。经常放在一起考的几个单词:acquaint: 了解,认识;associate: 联合,结交;enlighten: 启发,开导 2. multimedia: multi-的前缀有 many 和 much 之意,multi-(many)+media=多媒体; multi-(many)+ply(to fold)=增加,乘(许多东西重叠在一起) ;multitude:多数,群众,民众。 3. guarantee: vt. & noun. 保证, 担保。 guarantee(that) ② guarantee to do sth. Many ①

shopkeepers guarantee satisfaction to customers. 许多店主对顾客保证满意。 1. We should concentrate on sharply reducing interest rates to pull the economy out of . (2003.06) A) rejection B) restriction C) retreat D) recession 2. His business was very successful, but it was at the of his family life. (2004.06) A) consumption B) credit C) exhaustion D) expense 3. If people feel hopeless, they don’ bother to the skills they need to succeed. (2002.12) t A) adopt B) acquire C) accommodate D) assemble 4. Their products are frequently overpriced and in quality. (2002.06) A) influential B) inferior C) superior D) subordinate 5. The at the military academy is so rigid that students can hardly bear it. (2004.06) A) convention B) confinement C) principle D) discipline 6. It was in the United States that I made the of Professor Jones. (2002.12) A) acknowledgement B) acquaintance C) recognition D) association 7. All their attempts to the child from the burning building were in vain. A) regain B) recover C) rescue D) reserve 8. If you need further information, please our office. A) constant B) construct C) contact D) contain 9. White teeth are a sharp to black skin. A) content B) contract C) contrast D) contain 10. The Car Club couldn’t to meet the demands of all its members. (2001.06) A) ensure B) guarantee C) assume D) confirm Light as a feather, there is nothing in it; the strongest man can’t hold it for much more than a minute?

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 8 1. He was proud of being chosen to participate in the game and he us that he would try as hard as possible. (2003.06) A) insured B) guaranteed C) assumed D) assured 2. Some well-known scientists believe that there is not enough oxygen on Mars to human life. A) remain B) retain C) sustain D) last 3. He is easily so I do not like to talk with him. A) defended B) afforded C) created D) offended 4. It took her a long time to the skills she needed to become a driver.

A) acquire B) request C) require D) inquire. 5. He asked us to them in carrying through their plan. (2003.12) A) provide B) arouse C) assist D) persist 解题小贴士 1. 【D】 词根 sure 意为“确定的,安全的” ;in-(into)+sure=保险,投保(使进入安全状态) ; as-(=ad-=to) +sure=保证,使确信,常考 assure sb. that、assure sb. sth.;as-(=ad-=to)+sume(to take)=担任, 假定 (拿取衣服、 外表、 他人物品、 思想) guarantee: 保证, ; vt. 担保, guarantee to do sth.。正确答案 D,题目译文为: “被选入参加这场比赛,他感到非常骄傲,并向我们 保证他会尽可能地努力。 ” 2. 【C】 词根 tain 意为 “保持” re-(back)+tain(to hold)=保持, ; 保留 (保留在后方) sus; (up) +tain(to keep)=支撑,维持相关考点词汇:detain 拘留,阻止(隔离于另一处) 。正确答案 C, 题目译文为: “许多著名的科学家认为火星上没有足够的氧气来维持人的生命。 ” 3. 【D】 词根 fend 意为打击; de-(down)+fend(to strike)=保护, 辩护; of-(ob-=against)+ fend(to strike)=冒犯,触怒。正确答案 D,题目译文为: “他非常容易被激怒,所以我不喜欢和他说 话。 ” 4. 【A】 词根 quire 意为追求;ac-(=ad-=to)+quire(to seek)=获得,习得(求得,取得) ; re-(again)+quire(to seek)=需求,要求(再度求取) ;in-(into)+quire(to seek)=询问,调查(深 入探求) 。正确答案 A,题目译文为: “她花了很长时间才学会如何成为一个合格的司机。 ” 5. 【C】 词根 sist 意为站立; as-(=ad-=to)+sist(stand)= 援助, 帮助; per-(though)+sist(to stand)= 坚持,固执(始终屹立) 。正确答案 C,题目译文为: “他让我们帮助他执行这个计划。 ” 既然有偏旁,必不可少的还会有部首,也就是我们平日所了解的词根。英语中共有 418 个词根,和 113 个前缀及 122 个后缀在一起就构成了庞大的英语词汇。这里给大家讲授 的也是重要词根。 我们在做题时经常会见到一些相同词根的单词, 让我们多少有一些分辨不 清, 在前 2 天学前缀的基础上, 再学词根记单词就容易多了。 此篇同样也是对前缀进行复习。 1. sist=to stand(站立) assist v. 出席,援助,帮助【as-(=ad-=to)+sist=站在一旁】 consist vi. 由??组成,在于,一致【con-(=together)+sist=站在一起】 persist vi. 坚持,持续【per-(=through)+sist=始终屹立】 insist v. 坚持,强调【in-(=on)+sist=站在??之上不动】 resist vt. 抵抗,反抗【re-(=back, against)+sist=站在反方向】 2. sume=to take(拿取) assume vt. 假定,设想,采取,呈现【as-(ad-=to)+sume=拿取衣服、外表、他人物 品、想法。名词 assumption】 consume vt. 消耗,消费【con-(=wholly)+sume=完全用尽。名词 consumption】 resume vt. 再继续,重新开始;n. 履历【re-(=again)+sume=重新】 presume vt. 假定,假设【pre-(before)+sume=比别人先拿】 3. sur=sure(确定的) ,secure(安全的) assure vt. 断然地说,确告,保证,担保【as-(=ad-=to)+sure=朝向安全】 ensure vt. 保证,担保,使安全【en-(to cause to be)+sure=使确定,确保,保护,保

证】 insure vt. 给??保险【in-(into)+sure=使进入安全状态】 4. cess,ceed, cede=to go(去) ,to yield(让步) access ① n. 通路,访问 ② vt. 存取,接近【access】 process ① n. 过程,作用,方法 ② vt. 加工,处理【pro-(=forward)+cess=向前走】 excess a. 过度的,额外的【ex-(=out)+cess=走出去了】 recess v. 暂停【re-(=back, against)+cess=退居】 5. form=to form(形成) inform v. (~ of/about) 通知,告诉,获悉,告知【in-(=into)+form=在里面造成】 reform ① n. 改革,改善 ② vt. 改革,革新,重新组成【re-(=again)+form=再造 形】 transform v. 转换,改变,改造【trans-(=across)+form=移转形状】 perform vt. 履行,执行,表演【per-(through)+form=完全的造形】 6. ject=to throw(投,掷) eject vt. 逐出,撵出【e- (=out)+ject=向外投】 inject vt. 注射,注入【in-(=on)+ject=投掷进来】 object v. 反对,拒绝【ob-(=before)+ject=被掷于眼前的东西】 project ① n. 计划,方案 ② v. 设计,计划,投射,放映【pro-(=forward)+ject= 投掷到前方】 reject vt. 拒绝,抵制,否决【re-(=back)+ject=投掷回去】 7. spect=to see, to look(看见) inspect vt. 检查,视察【in-(=on)+spect=窥视内部】 respect vt. 尊敬,尊重【re-(=against)+spect=一再注视】 prospect ① n. 景色,前景,前途,期望;② vi. 寻找,勘探【pro-(=forward)+spect =看前方】 suspect v. 怀疑,猜想【sus-(=-sub=under)+spect=猜疑外表之下的东西】 expect vt. 期待,预期【ex-(=out)+pect=等待着向外看出去】 8. tain=to hold, to keep(保持) contain vt. 包含,容纳,容忍【con-(=with)+tain=保护】 maintain vt. 维持,维修【main-(=manus=hand)+tain=保有于手掌中】 retain vt. 保持,保留【re-(=back)+tain=保留在后方】 sustain vt. 支撑,撑住,维持,持续【sus-(=up)+tain=拿起,举起】 一套历时 12 年编写而成的、总共 60 卷的《牛津英国传记大词典》记录了英国历史 上最有影响的 55,000 个人。 Almost 55,000 people who have had a major impact on British society are profiled (记 录) a new 60-volume book that has taken 12 years to compile. It has cost more than £25m and in taken 10,000 writers to update the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 1. impact: n. 碰撞,冲击,冲突,影响,效果 【固定搭配】impact on 对??产生影响。a speech that lacked impact 毫无影响力的 演说 2. compile: v. 编辑,汇编 com-(together)+pile(heap) 汇集在一起。 They are compiling a dictionary of new words. 他们正在编写一部新词的词典。 3. update: verb. 校正,更新,up-(aloft)+date = update 【单词变形】updated(a. 最新的) The immigration information booklet is updated ;

yearly. 移民信息的小册子每年都会更新。 1. In spite of the age-old prejudice, the attitudes towards working women have been little by little. A) formed B) informed C) reformed D) transformed 2. Professor Taylor’s talk has indicated that science has a very strong on the everyday life of non-scientists as well as scientists. (1998.06) A) motivation B) perspective C) impression D) impact 3. We may be able to you in some way if you can not finish your work on time. A) resist B) insist C) assist D) disease 4. Despite the rising inflation, many investors are still confident that the economy will be soon out of the . A) concession B) recession C) procession D) succession 5. The government’s frequent in the local commerce was widely criticized. A) conference B) interference C) inference D) reference 6. Federal Energy administration two officials to join the program together with the representative from the three major automakers. A) assigned B) designed C) resigned D) signed 7. If their idols show impoliteness and indifference to others in the TV series, the children will that this kind of behavior is acceptable. A) assure B) assume C) consume D) resume 8. General Motors spent three years the design of its new pick-up trucks. A) confining B) defining C) refining D) confirming 9. According to the , the employees who are injured on the job will be given favorable compensation. A) contact B) contract C) contrast D) context 10. The mother her worried daughter that everything had been arranged for the wedding ceremony. A) assumed B) assured C) ensured D) insured You can see it, but you can’t touch it. It may disappear, but has never really left you. It grows throughout the day. What is it?

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 9 1. They the report to the State council for approval. A) made B) submitted C) committed D) admitted 2. We’d like to a table for five for dinner this evening.

A) preserve B) reserve C) retain D) sustain 3. The European Union countries were once worried that they would not have supplies of petroleum. (2002.06) A) proficient B) efficient C) potential D) sufficient 4. The life of the vice mayor was exposed in the newspaper. A) corrupt B) bankrupt C) abrupt D) incorrupt 5. Chinese vases are around the gallery according to their authors’ names. A) composed B) disposed C) impose D) expose 解题小贴士 1. 【B】 词根 mit 意为“送、投掷” ;sub-(under)+mit(to send)=(使)服从, (使)顺从(在 下面传递) ;com-(with)+mit(to send)=委托,犯罪(传送→委托) ,固定搭配 commit a crime 犯罪;ad-(to)+mit(to throw)=承认,允许(送入,移进) 。正确答案为 B,题目译文为: “他 们把报告上交给州议会批准。 ” 2. 【B】 词根 serv 意为“服务,保持” ;pre-(before)+serve(to keep)=保存,保管;re-(back) +serve(to keep)=保留,预定(秘密地保留→不出来) 。正确答案 B,题目译文为: “我们想订 一张今晚 5 个人吃饭的位置。 ” 3. 【D】 pro-(forward)+fic(do)+ient(a.)=熟练的, (做得更好→进步) efficient 有效率的, 专家 ; 能干的;sufficient 充分的,足够的。正确答案为 D,题目译文为: “欧盟国家曾担心会没有 足够供应的石油供应。 ” 4. 【A】 词根 rupt 意为“打破” ,cor-(wholly)+rupt(to break)= 腐败的,贪污的(完全受损) ; bankrupt 破产的(银行倒闭的) ;ab-(off)+rupt(to break)=突然的,陡峭的;incorrupt 为 A 的 反义词。所以正确答案为 A,题目译文为: “副市长的腐败生活在报纸上曝了光。 ” 5. 【B】 词根 pos 意为“放置” ,com-(together)+pose(to place)=构成,作曲;dis-(apart)+pose= 陈列,布置(个别分开放置) ;im-(on)+pose=课税,强使(置于之上) ;ex-(out)+pose=暴露, 使曝光(置于外部) 。所以正确答案为 B,题目译文为: “根据作者名字的顺序,中国式样的 花瓶被摆放在陈列室的四周。 ” 1. miss, mit=to send(送) ,to throw(投;掷) admit v. 容许,承认,接纳【ad-(=to)+mit=送入,移入。名词 admission】 commit vt. 犯 (错误) 干 , (坏事) 把??交托给, , 提交, 答应负责 【com-(=to)+mit= 传送→委托。名词 commission】 emit vt. 发出,放射【e-(=ex-=out)+mit=送出。名词 emission】 permit v. 许可,允许,准许【per-(=through)+mit=通过每一关。名词 permission】 transmit vt. 传输,转送,传达【trans-(across)+mit=送到对面。名词 transmission】 submit vt. 提交,递交【sub-(under)+mit=在下面传递】 2. pose=to place, to put(置;放) pose ① v. (使??)摆好姿势,形成,引起,造成;② n. 姿势【放置的状态】 compose v. 组成,写作,排字【com-(=together)+pose=放在一起】

expose vt. 使暴露,受到,使曝光【ex-(=out)+pose=置于外部】 impose ① vi. 使影响 ② (常 on, upon 与连用) 课税; 【im-(=on)+pose=置于?? 加税 之上】 dispose v. 处理,处置【dis-(apart)+pose=个别分开放置】 3. serve=to serve(服务) ,to keep(保持) conserve vt. 保存,保藏【con-(=together)+serve=共同保有】 deserve vt. 应受,值得【de-(fully)+serve=值得完全用尽】 preserve vt. 保护,保持,保存【pre-(before)+serve=事先保留】 reserve vt. 储备,保存,保留,预定【re-(back)+serve=隐秘保留】 4. rupt=to break(打破) rupture v. 破裂,裂开 abrupt a. 突然的,陡峭的,生硬的【ab-(=ad-=off)+rupt=突然破裂】 bankrupt a. 破产了的【bank+rupt 银行倒闭】 disrupt v. 使中断,使分裂【dis-(=apart)+rupt=破裂分散】 erupt vt. 喷出【e-(=ex-=out)+rupt=破壳而出】 interrupt vt. 打断(正在说话或动作的人) ,中断【inter+rupt=割入其间的】 5. press=to press(压) compress vt. 压缩,浓缩【com-(=together)+press=压在一起】 depress vt. 使沮丧,使消沉【de-(=down)+press=压在下方】 impress vt. 印,盖印,留下印象【im-(=in-=on)+press=押附在心上】 oppress vt. 压迫,压抑【op-(=ob-=again)+press=对??施加压力】 express ① vt. 表达,表示 ② n. 快车,快递【ex-(=out)+press=挤压出来】 suppress vt. 镇压,抑制,查禁【sup-(=sub-=under)+press=压在下方】 6. fine=to end(结束) infinite a. 无穷的,无限的【in-(not)+finite=没有结束】 confine vt. 限制,禁闭【con-(=together)+fine=共有的界限】 define vt. 定义,详细说明【de-(down)+fine=定下界限】 refine vt. 精炼,精制【re-(back, against)+fine=使再度完成】 7. volve=to roll(滚;卷) involve vt.(常与 in 连用)包括;牵涉,拖累【in-(=into)+volve=卷入其中】 evolve v.(使)发展, (使)进展【e-(=ex-=out)+volve=向外回转】 revolve v.(使)旋转,考虑【re-(back, against)+volve=使改变想法】 8. view interview vt. 接见,会见【inter-(=between)+view=彼此见面】 preview vt. 事先查看,预展,预演【pre-(before)+view=提前看】 review vt. 回顾,复习【re-(back)+view=重新看】 500 岁的 David 在风雨历程中展望未来,而不仅仅是回忆过去。 “We want David’s 500th birthday to spark debate, to be controversial, to challenge people about what art is today, not just what it was 500 years ago,” he said at a conference presenting the birthday events at the Accademia museum where David has been displayed since 1873. 1. spark: vt. 发动, 鼓舞 n. 火花, 闪光 The incident sparked a controversy. 这一事件 引发了一场争端。 2. controversial: a. 引起争论的,有争议的 a controversial movie 一场有争议的电影

【单词变形】controversy(n. 争论) 3. display: vt.& n. 陈列,展览,显示 On New Year’s Eve the display of fireworks offers many attractions. 除夕之夜的焰火很吸引人。 1. With the help of the government, a large number of people after the flood in 1991. A) survived B) suspended C) suffered D) subjected 2. The secretary the details of the secret meeting to some newspapers. A) composed B) exposed C) imposed D) pose 3. The of film has been given to the director. A) description B) prescription C) subscription D) script 4. The boy can recite the poet in order. A) verse B) diverse C) reverse D) vertical 5. Fresh air, and enough exercise to good health. A) contribute B) add C) attribute D) distribute 6. Only important personages were to the opening ceremony. A) permitted B) accepted C) admitted D) allowed 7. I want you to check this because it may have been based on insufficient information. A) inference B) reference C) preference D) conference 8. The government the budget to the Parliament for approval. A) took B) admitted C) submitted D) permitted 9. The audience was profoundly by the marvelous performance. A) compressed B) depressed C) impressed D) oppressed 10. Deep freezing is now a common method of fruit and vegetables. A) conserving B) deserving C) preserving D) reserving Take off my skin and I won’t cry, but you will, what am I?

unit 1 同形异义词辨析(10 天)Day 10 第一单元复习 1. Don’t this news to the public until we give you the go-ahead A) release B) relieve C) relate D) retain 2. We are interested in the weather because it us so directly — what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel. A) benefits B) affects C) guides D) effect 3. They claim that they can the old building so that it may look like newly built. A) review B) reform C) return D) renovate

4. Many difficulties have as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel. A) risen B) arisen C) raised D) arrived 5. Before moving to another city, Brenda of the house and the furniture. A) discarded B) disposed C) dispensed D) discharged 6. It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and knowledge. A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive 7. Physics is to the science which was called natural philosophy in history. A) alike B) likely C) equivalent D) uniform 8. He said he only had time for a couple of pints, that he usually drank more. A) complying B) imposing C) implying D) conveying 9. It’s known that cats’ eyes are much more to light than human eyes. A) sensory B) sensitive C) senseless D) sensible 10. The board of the company is by managers of its subsidiaries. A) constituted B) compounded C) composed D) comparted 11. The unexpected success her life. A) transfigured B) transfer C) transformed D) translated 12. In Sweden the employers have taken the in promoting health insurance schemes. A) initial B) initiative C) initials D) initiatives 13. Because of his novels which were very popular with people, he got a prize this year. A) literacy B) literal C) literary D) literature 14. These clothes looks alike, but in fact there are some slight in colour. A) variety B) variation C) variant D) variance 15. He has a knowledge of computer and can’t operate it. A) superficial B) superior C) superb D) supercritical 16. Have you read the in the newspaper? A) edit B) editorial C) editor D) edition 17. Did he go there by air or by train? The seems more likely. A) late B) latter C) later D) other 18. The amount of rain and snow the growth of plants. A) effected B) infected C) affected D) injected 19. Philosophers commonly rely on argument to support their own theories and to the theories of others. A) reflect B) refute C) reform D) refrain 20. The ability to themselves enables some animals to survive. A) conceive B) conceal C) deceive D) confine 21. She felt offended at my remarks, but it wasn’t my to hurt her. A) implication B) indication C) intention D) invasion

22. A cool drink me after my long walk. A) renewed B) recreated C) reshaped D) refreshed 23. The new student was very slow to to the unusual rules of the school. A) conform B) suit C) adapt D) adopt 24. You’re in danger of being accused of a crime. A) eminent B) imminent C) pressing D) pressed 25. The news you told me that day has yet to be . A) confirmed B) conformed C) confronted D) affirmed 26. She seems to regard any advice or help from me as a(n) . A) offense B) impression C) extraction D) interference 27. What struck her was the competition between the two brothers. A) original B) extreme C) intensive D) intense 28. He insisted that his employees should have a knowledge of his study. A) comprehensible B) compromising C) comprehensive D) complicated 29. They reserved in advance to themselves of the best seats. A) ensure B) assure C) confirm D) insure 30. I think the thing to do is phone and ask your boss. A) sensible B) sensory C) sensitive D) sensational 不管是在美国的火箭队,还是在雅典的奥运会上,姚明,好样的! Since Yao Ming’s electrifying NBA debut(初次登场)with the Houston Rockets in 2002, the 7-foot-5 Chinese center has appeared in numerous TV commercials, on magazine covers, and in countless basketball-highlights reels. 1. electrify: vt. 使震惊使激动, 震惊或震动。 powerful performance that electrified the a audience. 强有力的表演使观众万分兴奋 2. numerous: a. 许多的。numerous books 许多书 【单词变形】number(n. 数字,数量)numeric(a. 数字的) 3. commercial: a. ① 在电视或无线电上的广告 ② 迎合大众的,有商业气息的。a commercial artist. 迎合大众的艺术家。 【词义变形】commerce (n. 商业) 【同形辨析】commence 开始,着手 What can you catch but not throw?


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