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2011年考研英语核心词汇(免费)


第一部分 考研英语核心词汇 建议:按规定每天晚上看 1 页,把自己已经记住的暂时划出来,无论多忙,当天晚上睡觉前和第二天早上 都要把学习的单词复习一遍,然后再分别过 3 天,7 天,15 天,30 天,60 天各复习一遍,坚持下来,到考 前一周看最后一遍时,你会觉得大部分单词都已经很熟悉了.另外,务必要把自己做过的历年真题或模拟 题中阅读里遇到的生词集中整理起来,这样坚持学习,双管齐下,一定会取得良好学习效果! 第 1 天任务 rape n.强奸;破坏,蹂躏 vt.强奸;破坏,蹂躏 rash a.轻率的,鲁莽的 [反]deliberate n.皮疹 guideline n.指导方针,指导原则,准则,标准 gut n.[pl.]胆量;内脏 a.本能的 vt.取出内脏 habitat n.(动物的)栖息地,(植物的)产地 harassment n.骚扰,扰乱;烦恼,烦乱 recycle vt./vi.重复利用(用过的物资),循环使用 redundant a.被解雇的;多余的,过剩的 refugee n.(政治上的)避难者,难民 refund n.v. 退款;赔偿 relish n.喜好,乐趣;美味;胃口 v.爱好,喜欢 remnant n.残余,剩余;残余物,残存部分 renaissance n.[the R-]文艺复兴(时期);新生,复兴 ritual a.宗教仪式的,典礼的 n.仪式,典礼;惯例 robust a.强健的,茁壮的;有力的 [反]feeble salvation n.(尤指基督)救世,超度;拯救,解困 sanction v.同意(某事),批准,认可 n.批准,国际制裁 sane a.心智健全的,神志清醒的;明断的,理智的 sarcastic a.讽刺的,嘲笑的,挖苦的 saturate vt.使湿透,浸透;使充满,使饱和 repertoire n.全部剧目,保留剧目,全部技能 repression n.压抑,压制,镇压 retention n.保留;保持;记忆(力) retort n.v.报复;反击;反驳 boost n.促进,激励;一抬;一推 vt.推动,增强 bowel n.肠; [pl.]内部,深处 retrieve vt.重新得到,取回;挽回,补救;检索 retrospect v.n.回顾,回想,追溯[反]foresee revelation n.揭示,透露,显示;被揭示的真相,新发现 第 2 天任务 rigorous a.严格的,严厉的,严酷的(气候条件) riot n.暴(骚)乱;(色彩等)极度丰富 vi.聚众闹事 rip v.猛撕开;扯开;被撕开;裂开 scandal n.丑事,丑闻;流言蜚语;反感,愤慨 scramble vi.(快速地)爬,攀登;互相争夺,争先 siege n.包围,围攻,围困 sip v.小口地喝,抿,呷 n.一小口的量 sceptical/skeptical a.怀疑的 skim vt.撇去(液体表面)之漂浮物 vi.轻轻掠过 skip vi.略过,跳过 n.跳跃 vt.故意忽略;略过 texture n.(织物)质地;(材料)构造;结构;肌理 transcend vt. 超出,超越(理性等)的范围 abolish 彻底废除(法律,制度,习俗等)abolish old custo prime 首要的,主要的 a matter of ~ importance foul a.令人不快的;恶臭的;邪恶的 v.弄脏 n.(体育等)犯规 fridge n.(refrigerator 的略语)冰箱 radiant a.(面容,目光)洋溢着幸福的,明亮照耀的 rap vt.急敲;突然厉声说出;训斥 n.急敲(声) thermal 热的,由热造成的 ~burns thirst 渴,口渴 The heat creates a ~ in me like I've never had before trail 痕迹,足迹 a ~ of destruction left by the violence tramp 步行,跋涉 He loves ~ing over the hills

transfer 转移,调动 the company has transferred to an eastern location fringe n.边缘;(窗帘)缘饰;额前垂发 vt.饰…的边 fume n.(usu pl.)(浓烈或难闻的)烟,气,汽 blur n.模糊不清的事物 vt.使模糊,使看不清楚 browse vi.随意翻阅,浏览;(牛,羊等)吃草 primitive 原始的,上古的,早期的 a ~ forest prior 在先的,在前的 Stop making public statements without their ~ approval here privilege 特权,优惠,特免 In countries where there are still not many schools, education is a ~ probe 探索,探查,调查 ~ the roots of war absolute 纯粹的,完全的 have absolute trust in sb. verge 边,边缘,边沿 the ~ of a stream verify 证明,证实 Subsequent events verified my suspicions vertical 垂直的,立式的 a ~ engine veto 否决,否决权,否决权的行使 The rest of the committee could not accept the ~ accustom 使习惯于 accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early acquaint 使认识,使了解 第 3 天任务 trash n.垃圾;拙劣的作品;渣滓,败类 vt.捣毁 toxic a.有毒的,因中毒引起的 amaze 使惊愕,使惊异 I am amazed that he should get the post. breach n.违反,不履行;破裂 vt.冲破,攻破 briefcase n.手提箱,公事皮包 ambiguous 含糊不清的,模棱两可的 an ambiguous answer ozone n. 臭氧;清新的空气 pact n.合同,条约,公约 trace 痕迹,踪迹 The wound healed, leaving almost no ~ of a scar track 足迹,踪迹~s in the snow tragedy 悲剧 Hamlet is one of shakespeare's best known tragedies paperback n.平装本,简装本 script n.剧本(原稿);手稿,原稿;笔迹,手迹 scrutiny n.周密的调查;仔细看;监视;选票复查 sculpture n.雕刻(术),雕塑(术);雕刻作品 tame 驯化的,驯服的,温顺的 ~animails tan 棕黄色,黄褐色 buy some shoes in tan tax 税(款)Half of his wages go in tax abrupt 突然的,意外的 an abrupt departure acute 尖锐的,敏锐的 an acute thinker versatile 多才多艺的 a ~ man versus 诉讼,竞赛等中以……为对手 The match tonight is China ~ Japan blunt 钝的 The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppressive. blush (因害羞,激动,窘困)脸红 blush with(或 for) joy abide 遵循(…by) ;容忍 The one thing she cannot abide is lying. delight 高兴,快乐:To the teacher's great delight , all his students passed the examination. deliver 投递,传送,运输:deliver the mail demonstrate 论证,证明 :demonstrate a philosophical principle aaccelerate 加速,增速 accelerate one's steps thread 线,线状物 cotton ~ thrill 使非常兴奋,使非常激动 It's a sight that never fails to ~ me thrive 兴旺发达,繁荣 His business is thriving abuse 滥用 abuse one's authority(office) temper 心情,脾气 be in a good~ tempt 引诱,诱惑 Nothing could ~ me to do such a thing strain 拉紧,绷紧 If you ~ the elastic any more, it will break strap 带,皮带 silks ~s stream 小河,溪流 on the banks of a ~ stress 压力,紧张 Not all of us can cope with the ~es of modern life stretch 伸直,伸长 He yawned and ~ed himself stride 阔步前进,大踏步走 He strode to the platform

strike 打击,撞 A stone struck me on the head string 细绳,线,带 She took the parcel and started to undo the string strip 剥去,除去 The wind stripped the tree of all its leaves access 接近(或进入)的机会 have regular and immediate access to the President tip 末端,尖端 the tips of the fingers toast 烤面包,吐司 two slices of ~】 第 4 天任务 token 表示,标志,象征 He did that as a ~ of good faith torture 拷打,拷问 ~ a confession from a prisoner accommodate 使适应,使符合一致 accommodate oneself to changed circumstances unfold 展开,打开 ~ a newspaper uniform 制服;不变的,相同的,均匀,统一的 a ~ temperature unify 使成一体,统一 become a unified nation update 更新,使现代化 ~a textbook upgrade 提高,使升级,改善 ~ products and services uphold 举起,高举 He upheld his clenched hand upright 挺直的,垂直的 an ~ seat adhere 黏附,附着 Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another. adjacent 临近的,毗邻的(to) a city and its adjacent suburbs adjoin 贴近,与...毗邻 His house adjoins the lake. thrust 推,刺,戳,插,挤 He was ~ into power tick (钟声等发出的)滴答声 tilt 使倾斜,使倾倒 Tilt your head back so that I can look down your throat toss 扔,抛,掷 The children tossed the ball to each other tough 坚韧的,牢固的 Some plastic are as ~ as metal tow 拖,拉,牵引 tow a damaged ship into port abstract 抽象的 A flower is beautiful, but beauty itself is abstract. absurd 荒谬的,荒唐的 The idea that number 14 brings bad luck is absurd. uproar 骚乱,骚动 The public ~ over unclear-radiation hazards continues to mount utilize 利用 ~ solar energy utter 发出(声音等) ,说,吐露 ~ the truth vacant 未被占用的 a ~ seat in a bus vague 含糊的,不明确的,模糊的 a ~ answer slip 滑倒,滑落,滑行 She ~ed on the wet stones and fell slit 切开,撕开 ~ the envelope open slope 倾斜,有坡度 The ground ~s down sharply at this point sly 狡猾的,偷偷的 a ~answer smash 打碎,打破,摧毁 The ball ~ed the window snatch 夺得,一把抓住 The thief ~ed her handbag and ran off immune 免除的,豁免的:Nobody is immune from criticism impact 冲击,撞击:the impact of light on the eye impair 削弱,减少:The output of produce was impaired by the bad weather impartial 公正的,无偏见的:A judge should be impartial implement 工具,器具,用具:new types of farm implements sting 刺,螫,叮 A bee stung him on the neck stir 使微动,移动 A breeze ~red my hair stitch 一针,针脚 Make your ~es closer together sue 控告,起诉 ~ sb for slander summary 总结,概要 This book has a ~ at the end of each chapter superb 极好的,一流的,杰出的 ~ science and engineering superficial 表面的 a ~resemblance superfluous 过多的,剩余的,多余的 a ~remark supervise 监督,管理,指导 ~ sb's every move vanish 突然消失,逐渐消散 With a wave of his hand, the magician made the rabbit veil 面纱,面罩 Jewish women wore ~s in token of reverence and submission ventilate 使通风,使空气流通 ~ a room venture 冒险,冒险行动,投机行动 take a ~ in oil uncover 揭开,揭露 ~ a dish of food

underestimate 低估 ~ the difficulties of the task reassure v.使安心,使放心;使消除疑虑 第 5 天任务 recede v.退去;缩进;收回,撤回 [反]approach recipient n.a person who receives sth 收到者 reckless a.不注意的,大意的,卤莽的,不顾后果的 rectangle n.[数]矩形, 长方形 recur v.(尤指不好的事)一再发生;重现 portray v.描写,描述;画(人物,景象等) prone a.(to)易于…的,很可能…的;俯卧的 prophet n.预言家;先知;提倡者 undergo 经历,遭受,忍受 ~ much suffering underlie 位于……之下 Many facts ~ my decision undermine 在……下挖 ~ a wall accord 使符合,相一致(with) His violent action do not accord with his peaceful words. account 记述,叙述 give a brief account of what has happened address 演说 a television address ultimate 最后的,最终的 The war ended for us in ~ victory unanimous 全体一致的,一致同意的 They are ~ in asking for a rise in pay undertake 着手做, 从事 ~ an attack undesirable 不合意的,不受欢迎的 The drug has ~ side effects uneasy 心神不宁的,不安宁的 be ~uneasy about the future virtue 美德,德行 Among her many ~s are loyalty ,courage, and truthfulness visible 看得见的,可见的 a ship barely ~ on the horizon vision 视力,视觉 ~ care substitute 代替者,代替物 He is the doctor's ~ during holidays times subtle 微妙的,巧妙的 His whole attitude has undergone a ~ change subtract 减,减去 Subtract 4 from 10 you get 6 succession 连续,一系列 a ~ of debates suck 吸,A large mosquito was sucking blood from the back of her hand vital 有生命力的 The heart is a ~ organ vivid 鲜艳的 the ~ green of leaves in spring void 空的 a ~ space wedge 楔子,三角木 Please put a ~ in the door so that it will stay open weed 杂草,野草 My garden is running to ~s weep 哭泣,流泪 ~ for one's failure weigh 称……重量,称~ oneself on the scales Xerox 静电复印(法) ,静电复印件,静电复印机 Make me a ~ of this report. yield 生产,产生,带来 This orchard ~s apples and pears. zeal 热心,热忱,热情 a man of ~ zigzag 之字形的,弯曲的 a ~ road wander 漫步,徘徊 He ~ed home ward 病房 a 4-bed ~ warrant 授权,批准,正当理由,根据 He had no ~ for his action waterproof 不透水的,防水的 ~ material whisper 低语,耳语,轻声说 ~ to sb vicious 邪恶的,恶毒的,凶残的 lead a ~ life volunteer 志愿者,自愿参加者 Are there any ~s for a swim? audit v.审计;查帐;核对;旁听 第 6 天任务 vibrate 使震动,使摆动 His heavy footsteps upstairs made the old house ~ weld 焊接,煅接 It takes speed to ~ steel at this heat whirl 旋转,急转 The couples ~ed round the dance floor audio n./a.音频(响)(的);声音(的),听觉(的) auditorium n.观众席,听众席;会堂,礼堂 stab 刺,戳,猛的一击,突发的一阵 a ~ of anxiety stack 整齐的一叠 a ~ of bills stain 玷污,污染 His shirt was ~ed with blood

stale 食品等不新鲜的,走味的 These old peanuts taste ~ stall 牛舍 startle 惊吓,使吃惊 The horse ~s easily starve 使挨饿,饿死 Many live in luxury while others are starving addict v.使沉溺;使上瘾 n.沉溺于不良嗜好的人 advent n.(重要事件等的)到来,来临 affluent a. 富裕的,富足的 stock 原料,备料,库存,现货 Rags are used as a ~ for making paper stoop 俯身,弯腰 She ~ed to pick up her fan statistics 统计,统计资料 The recent ~ on marriage are interesting steer 掌舵,驾驶 ~ a car through the entrance authentic a.真的,真正的;可靠的,可信的,有根据的 awe n.敬畏,惊惧 vt.使敬畏,使惊惧 bait n.饵,引诱物 vt.用饵引诱;招惹,捉弄 balcony n.阳台;(电影院等的)楼厅,楼座 ballet n.芭蕾舞,芭蕾舞剧;芭蕾舞团 bizarre adj.异乎寻常的,稀奇古怪的 stubborn 顽固的,倔强的 The ~ boy refused to listen to his parents'advice stuff 原料,材料,物品,东西 He has got all the ~ ready for building his new house subject 题目,主题 the ~ for a debate submerge 浸没,淹没,湮没 The stream overflowed and ~d the farmland submit 屈服,服从,投降 ~ to foreign pressure anguish n.(尤指心灵上的)极度痛苦,烦恼 antique a.古式的,过时的 n.有价值的古物,古董 appall v.使胆寒,使惊骇 (a. appalling) wrap 包,裹 ~ oneself in a blanket wreck 失事,遇难 a train ~ wrench 扳手 He is a ~ . ballot n.(不记名)投票;投票总数;投票权 vi.投票 barbecue n.烤肉用的台架;烤肉野餐 vt.在台架上烤肉 barren a.贫瘠的;不育的;(植物)不结果的;无用的 belly n.肚子,腹部;(像肚子一样)鼓起的部分,膛 benign a.(病)良性的,(气候)良好的,仁慈的,和蔼的 第 7 天任务 beverage n.(水,酒等之外的)饮料 bin n.(贮藏食物等用的)箱子 wrinkle 皱,皱纹 He will wore the ~s of anxiety on his forehead. write 写,写字,写信,写作 She ~s to me every other week. album n. 唱片;集邮册,相册 storm 风暴,暴风雨,暴风雪 A ~ arose straightforward 一直向前的,直接的 a ~ business transaction subordinate 下级的 In the army ,captains are ~ to majors substance 物质,实质 the ~ of pre-school education air-conditioning n.空调设备,空调系统 stationary 固定的,静止的,非流动的 ~ troops amiable a.和蔼可亲的,友善的,亲切的 amid prep.在…中间,在…之中,被…围绕 auction n./vt.拍卖 blueprint n.蓝图,设计图,计划 vt.制成蓝图,计划 ego n.自我,自负,利已主义;(心理学)自我意识 eligible a.有条件被选中的;(尤指婚姻等)合适(意)的 endow vt.资助,捐赠;(with)给予,赋予 escalate v.(使)逐步增长(或发展),(使)逐步升级 escort vt.护送(卫);陪同 n.警卫,护送者;仪仗兵 evade vt.逃避,回避;避开,躲避 arrogant a.傲慢的,自大的 artery n.动脉;干线,要道 aspire vi.(to,after)渴望,追求,有志于

assassinate vt.暗杀,行刺;中伤 waken 醒来,睡醒 He wakened when the alarm sounded virtual 实际上的,事实上的 the ~ manager of the business weary 疲倦的,疲劳的 a ~ look vigor 体力,精力,活力 in the ~ of manhood violate 违反,违背 ~ the traffic regulations zone 地带,分布带 a danger ~ abdomen n.腹,下腹(胸部到腿部的部分) abound vi.大量存在;(in,with)充满,富于 acclaim v.向…欢呼,公认 n.欢呼,喝彩,称赞 accountant n.会计人员,会计师 aisle n.(教堂,教室,戏院等里的)过道,通道 supplement 增补,补充 a ~ to wages 第 8 天任务 suppress 压制,镇压 ~human rights supreme 最高的,至上的 a ~ ruler surpass 超过,优于,强于,胜过 ~ advanced world surplus 过剩,剩余 a teacher ~ survey 调查~ population growth in the southern provinces vain 徒劳的,无效的 ~ efforts valid 有根据的 a ~ excuse value 价值 I was offered 50 pounds for my old car but its ~ is much higher asset n.(pl.)资产(产);有用的资源;优点,益处 blackmail n.讹诈,敲诈,勒索;胁迫,恫吓 blade n. 刀刃,刀片;桨叶,桨片;草叶,叶片 blouse n.女衬衣,短上衣,宽阔的罩衫 foster vt. 照管;培养;促进 bruise n.青肿,挫伤;伤痕 vt.打青;挫伤 bully n.恃强欺弱者,小流氓 vt.威胁,欺侮 bureaucracy n.官僚主义,官僚机构;(非民选的)委任官员 burglar n.(入室行窃的)盗贼 cape n.海角,岬;披肩,短披风 carbohydrate n.碳水化合物; 糖类;(plural)淀粉质或糖类 celebrity n.名人,名流;著名,名声,名望 Christ n.基督,救世主,耶稣 clergy n.[总称]牧师,神职人员 coalition n.结合体,同盟;结合,联合 costume n. 戏装;泳装;服装 cosy/cozy a.暖和舒服的;舒适的 [反]uncomfortable credentials n.(个人能力及信用的)证明书,证件 ebb vi.衰退,减退 n.处于低潮,处于衰退状态 eccentric a.古怪的,怪癖的,异乎寻常的 n.古怪的人 futile a.无效的,无用的,无希望的 gender n.(生理上的)性;(名词,代词等的)性 glamour n.魔力,魅力 vt.迷住 strenuous a.费力的,艰辛的;奋发的,努力的 strife n.争吵;冲突,斗争;竞争 stroll n.&v.漫步;散步;游荡 gorgeous a.华丽的;灿烂的;美丽的;宜人的;棒的 graphic a.生动的,形象的;绘画的,文字的,图表的 第 9 天任务 layoff n.临时解雇;关闭;停歇 lottery n.抽彩;碰运气的事,难于算计的事 majesty n. stately, grand appearance; splendor 雄伟,壮丽,庄严 majestic a. manoeuvre/maneuver vi.熟练地进入 medieval a. 中世纪的 excel vi.(at,in)突出,擅长 vt.胜过,优于 excerpt n.摘录,节录 vt.摘,引用

exile n.流放;被流放者 vt.流放,放逐,把…充军 fairy adj.幻想中的,虚构的 feat n.功绩,伟业,技艺 federation n.联合会;结盟,联合 fore ad.在前面 a.先前的;在前部的 n.前部 solitary a.(好)孤独的;偏僻的;单一的,唯一的 solo n.独奏 a. ad.单独的(地);独唱的(地) spiral a.螺旋形的 n.螺旋,螺线 v.螺旋上升;盘旋 spouse n. a wife or husband 配偶 stagger vi.摇晃着移动;蹒跚 n.摇晃不稳的动作;蹒跚 stalk n.茎,梗 vt.悄悄地跟踪 vi.高视阔步地走 staple n.主要产品;名产;纤维;主要成分,主食 statute n.成文法,法令,法规;章程,规则,条例 steak n.牛排;大块肉(或鱼)片 stereotype n.陈规,老套,模式化 vt.使定型,使模式化 formidable a. difficult to defeat or deal with 难对付的;可怕的 meditate v.认真思考,沉思;计划,考虑 momentum n. 动量;动力;势头 monarch n.帝王,君主,最高统治者 motivate vt.促动;激励,鼓励,作为…的动机 nightmare n.恶梦;可怕的事物,无法摆脱的恐惧 optimum a.最适宜的 n.(生长繁殖的)最佳条件 option n.选择(权);可选择的事物(或人),选课 overturn n. 推翻 stun vt.使…失去知觉;使目瞪口呆,使吃惊 subsidy n.补助金;津贴费 suffice v.足够,(食物)满足 suite n.套间;一套家具;套,组,系列 summit n.顶,最高点;颠峰,高峰;最高级会议 superstition n.迷信,迷信的观念习俗 oxide n. 氧化物 grim a.严酷的,令人害怕的;不愉快的,讨厌的 第 10 天任务 grin n.vi. 露齿笑,咧嘴笑 grope vi.暗中摸,摸索;探索,搜寻 vt.摸索 heave v.(用力)举,提,拉;扔;拖;呕吐 n.举起 herb n.药草,(调味用的)香草,草本植物 hierarchy n.等级制度;统治集团,领导层 hike n.徒步旅行;增加 vi.徒步旅行 vt.提高 passerby n.过路人,路人 pilgrim n.最初的移民(P 大写,指 1620 由欧洲移居美国的清教徒) plea n.(法律)抗辩;请求,恳求,托词,口实 skull n.头盖骨,颅骨 slaughter n.屠杀,屠宰 vt.屠杀,宰杀 slot n.狭缝;空位 vt.放入狭缝中;把…纳入 sneak vi.偷偷地走,溜 vt.偷偷地做(或拿,吃) sneeze vi.打喷嚏,发喷嚏声 n.喷嚏 agitate 搅动(液体等) The machine agitated the mixture. alarm 惊恐,忧虑 The bandits scattered in alarm. sort 种类,类别 He is not the ~ of man to do such a cruel thing sound 健康的,健全的,完好的 a ~body in a ~ mind sour 酸的,酸味的 ~pickles alert 警惕的,留神的 In our reading we should always be alert for new usages. alien 外国的 adjust to an alien culture allege 断言,宣称 The newspaper alleges the mayor's guilt. allocate 分配,分派,把...拨给 allocate funds for new projects sniff vi.嗅…味道;抽鼻涕;对嗤之以鼻,蔑视 soar vi.(指鸟等)高飞,翱翔;飞涨;高耸

sociable a.好交际的,友好的,合群的 solidarity n.团结;休戚相关 surge vi.(如浪潮般)汹涌;奔腾 n.(感情等的)洋溢 susceptible a.过敏的,敏感的;易动感情的,易受感动的 tangle n.纠缠;缠结;混乱 v.(使)缠绕;变乱 temperament n.气质,性格,性情;资质 tropic n.回归线;[the T-s]热带地区 tumour/tumor n.(肿)瘤,肿块 amateur (艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者 an amateur golfer ambition (对名利等的)强烈欲望,野心 His political ambitions still burn. amend 修改,修订 amend the spelling in sb.'s paper administrate 掌管,料理...的事务 In many Japanese homes, the funds are administrated by the wife. 第 11 天任务 adolescent (尤指 16 岁以下的)青少年 a film aimed at adolescents advance 使向前移动 advance a chessman sector n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形 seemingly ad. in appearance; apparently 表面上的,看起来的 segregate vt. separate or keep apart from others 分离,隔离 serial n.连本影片,连本电视节目 a.连续的 setback n.挫折;失效;复发;倒退 shabby a.简陋的,破旧的;卑鄙的,不正当的 aggravate 加重,加剧,恶化 aggravate the declining economy aggressive 侵犯的,侵略的 an aggressive weapon allied 结盟的,有关联的 allied nations allowance 津贴,补贴,零用钱 a housing allowance alter 改变,更改 alter an attitude alternate 交替,轮流 Night and day alternate. arouse 使......奋发 A man like Tom will be aroused. Don't worry. array 排列,队形 The troops were formed in battle array. articulate 发音清晰的,善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics. shatter n.碎片;粉碎 v.粉碎;使疲惫;使震骇 shove vt.乱推;乱塞 vi.用力推,挤 n.猛推 shuttle n.往返汽车/列车/飞机;穿梭 v.往返穿梭 adverse 不友好的,敌对的 She felt adverse to her husband's friends. advocate 拥护,提倡,主张 advocate self-defence aesthetic 美学的,艺术的,审美 an aesthetic theory affliliate 使隶属(或附属)于,使成为会员 a government affiliated company affirm 断言,申明 affirm the truth of a statement artificial 人工的,人造的,人为的 artificial price controls ascend 登高, (渐渐)上升,升高 The airplane ascended into the cloud. ascertain 查明,弄清,确定 I ascertained that he was dead. ashamed 惭愧的,羞耻的 I am ashamed for being so stupid. ashore 向岸,向陆地 He swam ashore. aside 在旁边 We stood aside to let her pass. assault 攻击,袭击 We made an assault on the enemy fort. assemble 集合,召集 assemble the members of Parliament for a special meeting. assert 肯定地说(出) ,坚定地断言 He asserted his innocence. assess 估价,评价,评论 assess the present state of the economy assign 分配,布置(作业) The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson. assimilate 吸收,消化 He is quick to assimilate new ideas. associate (使)联系, (使)结合 We naturally associated the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution. bar 条,块,杆,棒, 酒吧 a bar of gold beforehand 预先,事先 If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand. bewilder 使迷惑,使糊涂 I'm bewildered as to which one to buy. 第 12 天任务 boom 低沉有回响的声音 The great bell tolled with a deep boom. bore 钻孔,挖(通道) bore through a wall bounce 弹起,反弹 The ball doesn't bounce well.

sovereign a.独立的,有主权的 n.君主,国王,统治者 spacious adj.广阔的,宽敞的 spectrum n.谱,光谱,频谱;范围,幅度,系列 spicy a.加很多香料的;(口味)浓郁的 spine n.脊柱,脊椎;(动植物的)刺;书脊 bound 跳跃,弹回 She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly. boycott (联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加 boycott uncooperative manufactures brace 托架,支架 He braced his muscles and lifted the weight. breed (使)繁殖 Rabbits breed families rapidly. bribe 贿赂 accept(或 take)a bribe from sb. anchor 锚 The anchor catches (drags). annoy 使恼怒,使生气 She was annoyed at (with) his lightheard attitude. annual 每年的,年度的 the annual output of steel anonymous 匿名的,无名的 an anonymous letter (phone call) anticipate 预期,预料 The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand would fall). apart 成零碎 Such cheap clothes come apart after a few washings. apparent 显然的,明明白白的 It was apparent that they all understood. brisk 轻快的,生气勃勃的 a brisk pace brittle 易碎的,一碰就破的 brittle glass accumulate 积累,积攒,积聚 accumulate wisdom accurate 准确的,精确的 an accurate estimate accuse 指控,指责 They accused her publicly of stealing their books. activate 使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动 They have planted secret agents in many countries who could be activated whenever needed. bump 碰,撞(against, into) The truck bumped against the wall in the dark. burst 爆炸,爆裂 The boiler burst. casual 偶然的,无计划的,随便的,非正式的 a casual meeting cease 停止,终止,结束 The music ceased suddenly. certify 证明,证实 The accounts were certified (as) correct. challenge 向...挑战 Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match. character (事物的)性质,特质 The furniture in Tom's apartment was pretentious and without character. secure 安全的,可靠的,有把握的 a castle ~from attack sensible 明知的,合情理的 a ~ choice appoint 任命,委派 They appointed his father (to be 或 as) postmaster. appraise 估量,估计 appraise the infant's weight appreciate 感激 I appreciated your help much. apprehend 对...担心 Do you apprehend that there will be any difficulty? appropriate 恰当的,相称的 Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear. approve 赞成,同意 I couldn't approve his conduct. approximate 大概的,大约的,近似的 The approximate time is 10 o'clock. 第 13 天任务 apt (习性)易于......的,有......倾向的 A careless person is apt to make mistakes. arbitrary 随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的 an arbitrary choice arise 起立,起身 arise from one's seat charge 要(价) ,收(费) The airlines charge half price for students. charm 魅力,魔力 This thriving resort town has retained its village charm. chase 追逐,追求 The police chased the escaping thief and caught him at last. check 使突然停止,制止 check one's steps cherish 珍爱,珍视 cherish one's native land chew 嚼,咀嚼 He chewed a mouthful of meat. choke 窒息,噎住 be choked by smoke bias 偏见,偏心 have a bias against sb.(或 sth.) blame 责备,责怪 Public opinion blames Mrs Smith for leading the girl astray. blast 一阵(风) ,一股(气流) a blast of wind blaze 火焰 The fire sprang into a blaze. aggravate 加重,加剧,恶化 aggravate the declining economy aggressive 侵犯的,侵略的 an aggressive weapon allied 结盟的,有关联的 allied nations

allowance 津贴,补贴,零用钱 a housing allowance alter 改变,更改 alter an attitude alternate 交替,轮流 Night and day alternate. arouse 使......奋发 A man like Tom will be aroused. Don't worry. array 排列,队形 The troops were formed in battle array. articulate 发音清晰的,善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics. boast 自吹自擂,自夸的话 He is full of boasts. bolt 螺栓, (门,窗的)插销 a small bag of nuts and bolts confuse 使混乱,混淆 He confused the arrangements by arriving late. corrupt 堕落的,腐败的,贪赃舞弊的:lead a corrupt life count 数,计算: count the money course 课程,科目:an English course courtesy 谦恭有礼.有礼的举止(或)言辞:come in without courtesy credit 信任,可信性;学分 I have full credit in your ability to do the job. shade 荫,荫凉处 The group of trees provide some ~ from the sun sham 假装,虚伪 Her illness was a ~ to gain sympathy shear 剪,修剪 ~ a lawn shed 流 ~ one's blood for one's country sheer 完全的,十足的 ~ nonsense shelter 掩蔽处,躲避处 a bus ~ connect 连接,连接 The bridge connects the island with(或 to) the mainland. conscious 意识到的,自觉地 They were conscious that he disapproved. consent 同意,赞同,准许 The people will never consent to another war. conserve 保护,保藏,保存 conserve natural resources consist 组成,构成(of) The house consists of six rooms. consolidate 巩固,加强 consolidate one's position conspicuous 显眼的,明显的,引人瞩目的 He felt as conspicuous as if he had stood on a stage. 第 14 天任务 contrary 相反的,对抗的:take the contrary view contrast 对照,对比,(对比之下显出的)差异:the contrast between the two forms of government contribute 捐(款等),捐献:He contributed 5dollars to the charity every payday contrive 设计,想出:contrive a new method corrode(渐渐)损害,(一点一点地)损伤:Bribery corrodes the confidence that must exist between buyer and seller dawn 黎明,拂晓 work from dawn to dark dazzle (强光等)使目眩,耀眼:He was dazzled by his sudden success. deceive 欺骗,蒙蔽:deceive oneself decent 体面的,像样的:She didn't have a decent dress for the ball. decline 拒绝,谢绝:We sent him an invitation but he declined. appeal 呼吁,恳求 I appealed to the children to make less noise. applaud 鼓掌,喝彩,叫好 The audience applauds the performers for three minutes. apply 涂,敷 He applied two coats of paint to the table. chorus 合唱队 chronic (疾病)慢性的, (人)久病的 chronic indigestion clarity 澄清,阐明 clarify an issue cling 粘着 The frightened child clung to her mother. clumsy 笨拙的 a clumsy boy monitor 班长 ;监控 mortgage 抵押(借款)He will have to ~ his land for a loan. motion 动,运动 the ~ of the planets motive 动机,目的 be proper in~ mount 登上, 爬上~ the steps cluster (果实,花等的)串,束,簇; (人或物)的群,组 a cluster of tourists clutch 紧抓,紧握 clutch at an opportunity coherent 一致的,协调的 lack coherent political goals cure 治愈,医治:this medicine cured him of his pains. cut 切,割,剪,砍,削; The Mayor cut the ribbon to open a trade exhibition. screen 屏,幕,帘 a folding ~ decompose 分解,腐烂,腐败:decompose a compound into its elements.

dedicate 奉献,把..用在(to): The doctor dedicated himself to finding a cure. . deduce 演绎,推论:From her conversation, I deduced that she had a large family. define 解释,给..下定义: People define him as a genius. . deform(使)变形:Heat deforms plastic. constant 经常的,不断的 a constant noise constitute 组成,构成 constitute a threat to sb. consult 请教,与......商量 consult a doctor about one's illness consume 消费,花费: consume much of one's time in reading contact 接触,联系,交往: be in contact with sb contain 包括,容纳, a list containing twelve items contaminate 弄脏,污染,玷污,毒害: Fumes contaminate the air calculate 计算,推算 calculate the distance between New York and Chicago call 喊,叫 Please call the names of all the people who are present. cancel 取消,废除,删去 cancel a trip capture 俘虏,捕获 capture butterflies assume 假定,假设 Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming (that) the weather si favarable. assure 深信不疑地对......说,向......保证 assurance 保证,把握,信心 He gave me his assurance that he would help. astonish 使惊讶 I was astonished at his sudden appearance. attach 系,贴,连接 attach a label to a suitcase attain 达到,获得 attain one's goal attend 出席,参加(会议等) attend a wedding attendance 出席,参加,出席人数,出席率 Our class has perfect attendance today. attentive 注意的,专心的 an attentive audience attribute 把归因于,把......(过错的责任等)归于(to) He attributed his success to hard work. auxiliary 辅助的 an auxiliary rocket 第 15 天任务 avail 有利于,有助于 Will force alone avail us? average 平均数,平均 The paper receives an average of nearly 100 articles a day. avert 挡开,防止,避免 Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy. ban (以官方明令)禁止,取缔 He was banned from entering the city. bang (突发的) sudden loud bang cast 投,扔,抛,撒,掷 cast doubt(s) on the feasibility of a scheme contempt 轻视,轻蔑:show a contempt for sb contest 竞赛,比赛,竞争:the contest between the two powers for the control of the region contract 合同,契约:enter into(make)a contact with contradict 反驳,同….相矛盾,同….相抵触:The facts contradict his theory defy 公然违抗,反抗:He was going ahead defying all difficulties. degenerate 衰退,堕落,变坏(into): Her eyesight degenerated with the years. deliberate 慎重的,深思熟虑的:The government is taking deliberate action to lower prices. denote 表示,是..的标志,意思是:A frown often denotes displeasure. . correspond 相符合相称(to,with):Fulfillment seldom corresponds to anticipation correspondent 通信者,通讯员,记者:a good(bad)correspondent corresponding 符合的,一致的:corresponding fingerprints compact 紧密的,坚实的 a compact piece of luggage compare 比较,对照(with, to) compare the body to a finely tuned machine compatible 能和睦相处的,合的来的 You should choose a roommate more compatible to your tastes. detain 留住,担搁:be detained by business. detect (当场)发现(某人在干坏事):detect a student cheating deteriorate (使)恶化,(使)变坏,(使)退化: Relations between the two countries began to deteriorate. deviate 背离,偏离:deviate from the rule devote 将...献给(to):Mary devoted her life to caring for the sick. compile 汇编,编制 compile an anthology of poems comply 遵从,顺从,服从 comply with rules(safety regulations) compose 组成,构成 England, Scotland, and Wales compose the island of Great Britain. compress 压缩 He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a few sentences comprise 包含,包括 The shipyard comprises three docks. compromise 妥协,折衷 compromise over the hard-fought next.

confront (使)面临, (使)遭遇 The war confronted him with hardships. crucial 决定性的,关键性的:a crucial decision cue 提示,暗号,信号:throw cues to sb cultivate 耕作,栽培,养殖:cultivate vegetables differentiate 使不同,使有差别,区分,区别:differentiate varieties of plants diffuse 扩散(气体,液体等) :The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky. disgust 厌恶,恶心:feel disgust for bad odors disperse 分散,驱散,散去:Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas displace 移动..的位置:Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the rising floodwaters . dispose 布置,整理:The stores disposed the jewellery in an attractive display disregard 不理会,不顾:Disregard the noise and keep working distinct 有区别的,不同的:Three distinct types of people distort 扭歪,扭曲:a face distorted by (或 with)pain distract 使转向:be distracted from one's original purpose distribute 分配,分发:distribute the prizes among the winners eliminate 排除,消除:eliminate the exploitation of man by man elite 出类拔萃的人(或物),精华:the elite of the society eloquent 雄辩的,口才流利的,有说服力的:an eloquent spokesman embark 上船(或飞机,汽车等):embark for Europe at New York harbor embody 使具体化,表现:embody principles in actions embrace 拥抱:She embraced her son tenderly enlighten 启发,使摆脱偏见(或迷信)Would you enlighten me on your plans for the future? enroll 吸收(成员),招生:The school enrolled about 300 pupils last year 第 16 天任务 ensure 保证,担保:His industriousness and ability will ensure his success diminish 减少,降低:His illness diminished his strength. diplomat 外交家,外交官,圆滑的人:a career diplomat discard 丢弃,抛弃:discard an old pair of shoes discern 看出,觉察出:We could discern from his appearance that he was upset. disclose 揭露,透露,使公开:disclose information to sb. discharge 释放:The judge found him not guilty and discharged him. discount 把(价格,费用等)打折扣,削价出售:The store discounts 3 per cent on all bills paid when due. discriminate 区别,辨别:It's difficult to discriminate between the twin brothers. disgrace 丢脸,耻辱:bring disgrace on oneself entertain 给..娱乐,使有兴趣:The child is entertaining himself with his building blocks . entitle 给..权利,给..资格(to):Robert was entitled to see the documents . . equivalent 相等的,相同的:The misery of such a position is equivalent to its happiness erase 擦掉,抹掉,消除:erase the chalk marks erect 竖直的,垂直的,竖起的:an erect tree erupt (火山,喷泉等)喷发:The volcano is due to erupt any day essence 本质,实质,要素:Being thoughtful of others is the essence of politeness eternal 永恒的,永存的,永久的:eternal truths evaluate 估价,评价:evaluate property evaporate (使)蒸发,(使)挥发:Heats evaporate water exaggerate 夸张,夸大,对…言过其实:keep to the facts and don't exaggerate exceed 超出,胜过:Her performance exceeded all the others external 外面的,外部的:external signs of a disease descend 下来,下降:Darkness descended too soon. extract 取出,提取:extract a confession extravagant 奢侈的,浪费的:be extravagant in one's way of living fabricate 建造,制造:The finest craftsmen fabricated this clock facilitate 使变得(更)容易,使便利:Such a port would facilitate the passage of oil from the Middle East to Japan fade (颜色)褪去:The color in this material will not fade faint 不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的:a faint idea fancy 想象力:Children usually have a lively fancy fare 车费,船费,飞机票价:full (half) fare divorce 离婚,分离,脱离:sue for a divorce dominate 分配,统治:a white dominated society

donate 捐赠,赠送:They donate to the Red Cross every year. doom 命运,厄运,劫数:His doom was to be poverty. doze 打瞌睡,打盹儿:The old lady dozed in her armchair. drain 慢慢排去:drain water from a pool dread 怕,畏惧:I dread to think of what may happen. drift 漂流,漂泊:The sounds of music drifted up to us. dubious 引起怀疑的,不确定的:a dubious reply due 欠款的,应支付的:A great deal of money is due to you. dump 倾倒,倾卸:He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk. duplicate 完全一样的,复制的:a duplicate key excess 超越,超过:an excess of supply over demand execute 实行,实施,执行,履行:execute a plan exemplify 例示,举例证明,是…的例证(或榜样等):The teacher exemplified the use of the word exert 用力,尽力:exert all one's strength 第 17 天任务 exhaust 汲空,抽完:exhaust a well expand 扩大,扩展,膨胀:Reading(travel)expands one's mind expel 驱逐,赶走:expel an invader from a country expend 花费,消费(on, in):They expended all their strength in (on) trying to climb out expire 满期,届期,(期限)终止:His term of office expires this year explicit 详尽的,明确的:give explicit directions exploit 英勇的或冒险的行为或事迹:The daring of exploit of the parachutists were much admired exterior 外部的,外面的,外表的:exterior decorations durable 耐用的:a durable fabric dwell (dwelt 或 dwelled ) (尤指作为常住居民)居住: dwell on an island economical 节约的,节俭的,经济的: an economical stove generate 产生,发生(电,热,光,力,摩擦力等):generate electricity genuine 真的,非人造的,名副其实的:genuine leather gesture 手势,示意动作:raise one's hands in a gesture of despair confine 限制,使局限 They succeeded in confining the fire to a small area. confirm 证实,肯定 confirm a rumour conflict (尤指长期的)战争,战斗 The conflict between Greece and Troy lasted ten years. conform 遵照,适应 confirm to(或 with) the rules(the law) flourish 茂盛,繁荣,兴旺:Painting flourished in Italy in the fifteenth century fluctuate 波动,起伏:You can't march in a straight line to the victory, you fluctuate it flush 脸红:Her cheeks flushed red forbid 不许,禁止:Wine is absolutely forbidden to all the children forge 锻炼:forge a horse-shoe out of an iron bar glance 一瞥,扫视:take a glance at the newspaper headlines glare 怒视,瞪眼:give the jury a glare dense 稠密的,密集的:a dense forest deposit 存放: She deposited her bag in the cloakroom. depress 使沮丧,使消沉:That movie depressed me. deprive 剥夺,使丧失:deprive sb. of his property derive 取得,得到:He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. controversy(尤之以文字形式进行的争论),辨证:a point of controversy convention(正式)会议,(定期)大会:draft a new constitution at a convention convert 转变,转化:convert coal to (into) pipeline gas convey 运送,输送,传送:a wire conveys an electric current convict(经审讯)证明…有罪,宣判…有罪:He was convicted of smuggling coordinate 调节,协调:coordinate the functions of government agencies cordial 热情友好的,热诚的,真心的:a cordial hello(smile, invitation) glimpse 一瞥,一看:have a glimpse of (into)sth glitter 闪闪发亮(或发光),光彩夺目,闪耀:His language glitters with marvelous words glory 光荣,荣誉:The soldiers hoped to win glory on the battle field glow 发热,发光,发红:the fire glowing in the darkness gossip 流言蜚语:give rise to gossip govern 统治,管理:govern a nation

grace 优美:She ran well, grace in every movement graduate (使)大学毕业:graduate from college grant 同意,准予:grant a request grease 油脂,动物脂:the grease spot on the envelope heal 治愈,愈合:heal the sick heap (一)堆:a big heap of books hedge (矮树)树篱:a quickset hedge 第 18 天任务 highlight 使显著,使突出:Growing economic problems were highlighted by a slowdown in oil output fracture 裂缝,裂痕: a fracture in the pipe frequent 时常发生的,频繁的:His trips to France are less frequent now frown 皱眉:frown at sb frustrate 挫败,阻挠,使灰心,使无效:frustrate a plan fulfill (fulfilled, fulfilling)履行,实现,完成: fulfill a contract furnish 供应,提供:furnish blankets for the refugees fury 狂怒,暴怒:fly into a fury fuss 大惊小怪,乱忙,小题大做:make much fuss over losing a penny hinder 妨碍,阻止:Bad weather hindered travel hint 暗示:drop(give ,throw out)a hint enforce 实施,使生效:The principal enforced the rules of the school engage (用契约诺言等)约束,使订婚:He engaged himself as an apprentice to a printer enhance 提高(价格,质量,吸引力等),增加,增强:enhance one's reputation figure 数字:according to official figures finance 财政,金融:skill in finance finite 有限的,有限制的:a finite number of facts flare (火焰)闪耀,(摇曳不定地)燃烧:candle flaring in the wind flash 闪光,闪烁:a flash of lighting flat 平坦的,扁平的:a flat land inaccessible 达不到的:The two rocks at the top of the steep hill is at first sight inaccessible incline 倾斜:The shaft inclines almost thirty degree incorporate 包含,吸收:His book incorporates his earlier essays incur 招致,引起,遭受:incur sb's displeasure(envy) modify 修改,更改 ~a law momentary 片刻的,瞬息的 a ~ feeling of fear designate 指明,表明:designate boundaries desolate 荒芜的,不毛的:desolate land despise 蔑视,鄙视:He despises flattery. detach 拆卸:They detached their trailer and set up camp. diagnose 诊断,判断:The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza. dictate 口授,使听写:dictate a letter to a secretary coincide 相符,相一致 100 Centigrade coincides with 212 Fahrenheit. collaborate (尤指在文艺,科学等方面)合作,协作 He and I collaborated in writing plays. collapse 倒坍,崩溃,瓦解 The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow. collide 碰撞,互撞 The car collided with the truck. commemorate 纪念,庆祝 commemorate a holiday commend 表扬,称赞 commend a soldier for bravery extinct (火等)熄灭了的:an extinct cigarette(fire) extinguish 熄灭,扑灭:extinguish a cigarette(candle) multiply 乘,相乘~ 7 and 8 muscle 肌肉 facial ~s mutual 相互的, 彼此的 ~ aid narrate 叙述,讲述 ~ the story of sb's life negligent 疏忽的,大意的 be ~ about traffic regulations indignant 愤怒的,愤慨的:The actress was at the columnist's personal questions indispensable 必不可少的,必需的(to. for): Oxygen is indispensable to life induce 引诱,劝使:Nothing will induce me to do that infer (根据已知事实等)推断,推定(from):From his grades I inferred that he was a good student ingenious (人,头脑等)灵巧的,足智多谋的:an ingenious designer

instant 紧急的,急迫的,立即的,即刻的:be in instant need of help institute 学会,协会,学院,研究院:an institute for the blind insulate 隔音,使隔绝(以免受到影响):We are not insulated from the real world the way we were insult 侮辱,辱骂:She insulted him by calling him a coward flatter 奉承,使高兴:I feel greatly flattered by your invitation 第 19 天任务 flee 逃走,逃掉:The enemy troops fled in utter confusion flexible 柔韧易,弯曲的:flexible cord fling(用力)扔,掷,抛,丢:fling sb into prison hoist 举起,升起,吊起:The war hoisted prices hold 拿着,抓住:The girl is holding the baby in her arms homogeneous 同种类的,同性质的,有相同特征的:homogeneous parts horizon 地平(线):The sun has sunk below the horizon hospital 好客的,殷勤的,热情友好的:be hospital to the homeless hostile 敌人的,敌方的:a hostile army withstand 经受,承受 ~hardships speculate 推测,推断 I cannot ~ on their motives for doing this spill 溢出,溅出 The ship ~ed oil while in port spin 纺制 ~ cotton into yarn spit 吐出 He was ~ting out the husks of sunflower seeds on the floor splash 溅泼 A passing car ~ed my dress split 劈开,切开,裂开 ~ the firewood with an axe spoil 损坏,毁掉 It would ~ my reputation sponsor 发起者,主办者,保证人,赞助者 the ~ of the annual Christmas parade spot 斑点,污点 a blue tie with ~s spray 浪花,水花 The new shower heads reduce ~ and waste less water sprout 抽条,发芽,长出 The seeds we planted finally ~ed spur 靴刺,踢马刺 a pair of ~s renovate 修复,整修 ~ a two storey building repel 击退,抵制,拒绝,排斥 ~ the enemy repent 后悔,懊悔 ~of a thoughtless act replace 代替,取代,更换 The calculator is rapidly replacing the abacus transmit 播送,发射 ~ a match live transparent 透明的 Glass is ~ transplant 移植,移种,移居 ~ a human heart into a patient treasure 财宝,财富 dig for buried ~ trend 倾向,趋势 an upward ~ of prices trick 诡计,骗局 He got the money by a ~ trifle 琐事,小事 One should not get angry about such a ~ trim 整齐的,整洁的 ~ lawns triple 三倍的,三重的,三部分的,三方的 Black unemployment rate runs ~ the figure for whites triumph 胜利 a ~ over the enemy trivial 琐碎的,不重要的,无价值的 ~ matters tuck 夹入,藏入 He ~ed the letter in a book so he wouldn't lose it tug (用力)拖或拉 He tugged the door but it wouldn't open stroke 敲,打,鸣 drive in a nail with one ~ of the hammer tend 趋向,倾向 Interest rates are ~ing upwards tender 嫩的 a ~ piece of meat represent 代表,象征 To many local people these castles ~ a hundred years of foreign domination reproach 责备,指责,斥责 mute ~ scratch 抓,刮,擦 The cat ~ed me with its claws shield 盾,保护物,防御物 They piled more sand on top as a ~ snob 势力的人,谄上欺下的人 a ~ of the first water soak 湿透,浸湿,浸泡 You shouldn't have gone out in the rain-your clothes are ~ing sober 未醉的 A driver must stay ~ sophisticated 老于世故的 a young man quite ~ for his age sore 痛的,痛苦的,痛心的 touch sb on a ~ place sow 播种 This plot of land was sown with maize

第 20 天任务 spark 火花,火星 The firework burst into a shower of ~s sparkle 发光,闪耀 Her eyes were sparkling with anger tentative 试验性的,试探性的,暂时的,推测的 a ~plan terminate 停止,结束,使终止 ~ a contract terrify 使害怕,使惊吓 She was terrified out of her wits testify 作证,证明 He agreed to ~ on behalf of the accused man humble 地位(或身份)低下的,卑贱的:a humble job hysterical 情绪异常激动的,歇斯底里的 an hysterical outburst of fury identical 同一的:the same (very)identical menu identify 识别,鉴别:He identified the coat as his brother's idle 闲散的,闲置的:idle money ignite 点燃,使燃烧:ignite a stove fire with scraps of paper impose 征(税),加(负担,惩罚等)于(on, upon):impose additional tax on business expansion impulse 推动,驱动:give an impulse to the development of the friendly relations between the two countries intact 完整无缺的,未经触动的,未受损伤的:an intact family integrate 使成一体,使合并(with, into):integrate traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine interfere 妨碍,冲突(with):Misty weather interfered with the contact intermittent 间歇的,断断续续的,周期性的:suffer from intermittent headaches hazard 危险,危害物,危险之源:a life full of hazards label 标签,标记,标号:put labels on your luggage lag 走得慢,落后,滞留:Some of the runners began to lag latent 潜在的,隐伏的,不易觉察的:a latent infection leak 漏洞,裂缝:The pipe has got a leak lean 斜,倾斜 the Leaning tower of Pisa initiate 开始,发起:initiate a conversation innovate 革新,改革,创新(in,on/upon):innovate on another's creation inquire 询问,打听:He inquired what the weather was likely to be insert 插入,嵌入:In the pause he managed to inquire a question inspire 鼓舞,激起:His speech inspires the crowd tumble 跌到,滚下 The baby is just learning to walk and he's always tumbling over tune 曲调,曲子 She wrote the words of the song and her brother wrote the ~ turbulent 骚乱的,动荡的,混乱的,狂暴的 a ~ crowd turn 转动,旋转 Turn the hands of the clock until they point to 9 O'clock tutor 家庭教师,指导教师 When the students are making their choices, their ~ may well guide them twinkle 闪烁,闪耀,闪亮 The diamond on her finger ~d in the firelight twist 捻,搓,绞,拧 ~ a rope out of threads whistle 吹口哨,鸣笛 The train ~d whitewash 粉饰 wholesome 有益于健康的 ~ surroundings wicked 坏的,邪恶的,淘气的,恶作剧的 ~ habits tease 戏弄,取笑 The boy is teasing the cat tedious 单调乏味的,冗长的,罗嗦的 a ~ debate liable 会……的,有……倾向的 We are all liable to make mistakes liberal 慷慨的,大方的 a liberal donation limp 软的,松沓的 a young man in a limp gray sweater linger 逗留,徘徊 The children lingered at the zoo until closing time lubricate 使润滑 lubricate the skin with cold cream lump 块,小方块 a lump of coal 第 21 天任务 macroscopic 肉眼可见的 magnet 磁铁,磁铁石 The pin was extracted with a magnet magnify 放大,扩大 I want to magnify this picture maintain 维持,保持 maintain law and order malfunction 发生功能障碍,发生障碍 If the computer malfunctions it fails to work properly maltreat 粗暴地对待,虐待 We'll not intervene unless the children are being physically maltreated manifest 显然的,明了的 manifest superiority

model 模型,原形 build airplane ~s nominal 名义的,有名无实的 a ~ leader nominate 提名 a ~ leader noteworthy 值得注意的,显著的 a ~ day intervene 插入,介入:A week intervenes between Christmas and New Year's Day intricate 错综复杂的,复杂精细的:A detective story usually has an intricate plot invert 使反向,使倒转,使颠倒:The magician inverted the bag to show it was empty irrespective 不考虑的,不顾的(of) :irrespective of consequences irritate 激怒,使恼怒,使烦躁:be irritated by sb's insolence justify 证明..正当或有理,正确:Such behavior is justified on these grounds . knit 编织,编结:She's knitting her husband a sweater greet 问候,招呼:greet sb with a nod grieve 使悲伤,使伤心:The little girl grieved over her kitten's death grind (ground)磨,磨碎,碾碎:grind wheat into flour grip 抓紧,紧握:Fear gripped his heart gross 总的,毛的:gross income guarantee 保证,保证书,保单:Wealth is no guarantee of happiness hail 欢呼,喝彩:The crowd hailed the actress with joy halt (行进中的)暂停前进,中止,终止:The car came to a sudden halt hamper 妨碍,阻碍:hamper sb from getting elected handicap 障碍,不利条件:Poor eyesight is a handicap to a student haste 急速,急忙,仓促,草率: Why all this haste? hatch 孵,孵出:hatch (out) chickens manipulate (熟练地)操作 Mr. Smith manipulated the ivory chopsticks with great dexterity mature 熟的,成熟的 a mature fruit melt 使融化,使熔化 The sun melted the snow mend 修理,修补 mend clothes merit 长处,优点,价值,功绩 merits and demerits migrate 移居(尤指移居国外),迁移 migrate to another country minimum 最低限度,最少量,最低点 minor 较小的,较少的,较不重要的 mislead 把……引错方向,把……引入歧途 moan 呻吟声,呜咽声 Each time she moved her leg she let out a ~ . mobilize 动员 Our country's in great danger, we must ~ the army. mock 嘲笑,嘲弄 He had ~ed her modest ambitions. ornament 装饰品,点缀品 We bought ~s for the Christmas tree orthodox 正统的,正宗的 an ~ economic theory outline 轮廓,外形 He saw the ~ of a house against the sky overflow 泛滥 Every spring the river ~s overhaul 大修,全面检查,彻底革新~ a faulty machine overhear 偶然听到,偷听到 I wouldn't like to be ~d occupy 占用,占有 My books ~ a lot of space occur 发生,存在,出现 when did the earthquake ~? odd 的奇数的,单的,奇怪的 One ,three five are ~numbers wicked 坏的,邪恶的,淘气的,恶作剧的 ~ habits wind 绕,缠 The snake wound around a branch 第 22 天任务 wire 金属丝,金属线 steel ~ withdraw 抽回,收回,提取 She withdrew her eyes from the terrible sight withhold 使停止,阻挡 be obliged to ~ one's pen withstand 经受,承受 ~hardships witness 目击者,见证人 a ~ of the accident offend 冒犯,使生气 She was afraid of ~ing anyone. offence 犯法行为,过错 They were arrested for drug ~s. offset 补偿,抵消 They gains ~the losses. omit 省略,删去 Minor points may be omitted. overlap 重叠,部分相同 The Renaissance overlapped the later Middle Ages overtake 赶上,超过 He ran out of the door to ~ her

overthrow 推翻,打倒 a plot to ~ the government overwhelm 征服,压倒,毁坏 He took 45% of the ballots and ~ed his two main rivals pace 步,步速,步伐 He took three ~s forward pack 包,包裹 The climber carried some food in a ~ on his back pad 垫,衬垫 a seat ~ pant 气喘,气喘吁吁地说话 He ~ed along beside the bicycle parallel 平行的 The road is ~ to the river patent 专利,专利权,专利品 take out a ~ for an invention pattern 模范,榜样 set the ~ for periodical 期刊,杂志 a ~ room perish 卒,丧生~ from disease perpetual 永久的,永恒的,长期的 a ~ arms race pool 水池,游泳池 a swimming ~ notorious 臭名昭著的 a ~ thief notwithstanding 虽然,尽管 They traveled on,~ the storm nourish 养育 Milk is all we need to ~our small baby numb 麻木的,失去感觉的 fingers ~ with cold object 物体,事物 cultural ~s objective 目的,宗旨 political ~s oblige 强迫,迫使 In certain countries the law ~s parents to send their children to school obscure 晦涩的,费解的 an ~ text nasty 龌龊的,肮脏的 a~ room necessitate 使成为必须,需要 The emergency ~d a change in plans. necessity 必要(性)(迫切)需要 There is no ~ for disappointment. , neglect 忽视,忽略 ~ one's health obsolete 废弃的,淘汰的 Wooden warships are ~. obstinate 顽固的,固执的,倔强的 The girl would go her own way, in spite of all warnings occasion 时刻,场合 They met on three ~s opaque 不透明的 A brick wall is ~. optimistic 乐观的,乐观主义的 option 选择权 It is your ~ to take it or leave it orient 东方,东方国家 political theory in the West and in the Orient origin 起源,由来 a word of Latin ~ portable 便于携带的,手提式的,轻便的 This little TV is extremely ~ pose 姿势,样子 The model was asked to adopt various ~s for the photographer postpone 延迟,延缓,延期 We are postponing our trip until the weather grows warmer potential 潜在的,可能的 That hole in the road is a ~ danger 第 23 天任务 rally 集合,团结 ~ public opinion in favor of price controls paralyze 使瘫痪,使麻痹 A stroke ~d half his face partial 偏向一方的,偏袒的,偏爱的 A parent should not be ~ to any one of his children participate 参与,参加,In a modern democracy people want to ~ more fully particular 特殊的,特别的 a matter of ~ importance pat (用掌或扁平物)轻拍,轻打 She patted a place next to her for me to sit down patch 补钉,补片 patches at elbows of a jacket hip n.臀部,髋;屋脊 pave 铺路,铺砌,铺筑 ~ a road with concrete hum v.哼曲子;发嗡嗡声;忙碌 n.嗡嗡声,嘈杂声 profound 很深的 a ~ sleep prohibit 禁止 Tourist class passengers are ~ed from using the first class lounge prolong 延长,拉长,拖延 a means of ~ing life prominent 突起的,凸出的 a ~ forehead prompt 敏捷的,迅速的 He is ~ on the job pour 倒,注,灌,倾泻,涌流 He began to ~ with sweat preach 讲道,布道 ~ to a packed church preside 主持,主管(at, over) The vice chairman of the board will ~ at today's meeting press 按,挤,压 ~ the bell presume 推测,假定,假设 From the way they talked, I ~d them to be married

prevail 流行,盛行 This custom still ~s among members of the older generation prey 被捕食的动物,捕获物 The lion seized its ~ and ate it prick 一刺,一扎 The boy burst the balloon with a ~ of the needle proceed (尤指停顿或打断后)继续进行 The train ~ed at the same speed as before proclaim 宣告,宣布,声明 ~ war propose 提议,建议 When she was very ill ,her lawyer has ~d to her that she might like to make a will prosper 兴旺,繁荣,昌盛,成功 His farm ~ed through good management provoke 挑动,激起,导致 He tried to ~ them into fighting radiate(光,热等)辐射,发射 The sun ~s light and heat radical 根本的,基本的 a ~ error humiliate v.使羞辱,使丢脸[同]disgrace lapse n.失误;(时间的)流逝 vi.逐渐下降;终止 laptop n.小型计算机 perplex 使困惑,使茫然 The question ~ed him persecute 虐待,残害,迫害 ~ animals perspective 透视画法,透视图 a lesson in drawing class on ~ pessimistic 悲观的 I am ~ about my chances of getting the job petition 请愿,请愿书 get up a ~ pierce 刺入,刺穿,穿透 The thorn ~d his heel pilot 飞行员,驾驶员 pin 大头针,别针 pinch 捏,拧,夹 I ~ed myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming plausible 论点等貌似有理的 a ~ excuse plead 恳求,请求 His parents ~ed that he should be given one more chance pledge 保证,誓言,誓约 fulfill one's ~ plot 小块土地 a vegetable ~ plug 塞子,栓 He wears rubber ~s in his ears when he swims 第 24 天任务 plunge 猛地投入或插入 He ran to the edge of the swimming pool and ~d in pocket 衣袋,口袋,袋子 a change ~ polish 擦光,擦亮 Polish your shoes with a brush poll 民意测验 A recent ~ shows a change in public opinion layman n.俗人,外行,门外汉 random 胡乱的,任意的,随意的,a ~talk range 排,行,一系列 a ~ of buildings rank 排,行,列 the ~s of great pines rate 比率,率 Velocity is the ~ of change of distance with respect to time reap 收割,收获 ~ the rice in the field rear 后部,后边,背部 a garden at the ~ of the house recall 回忆,回想 I ~ seeing a poster on his wall reciprocal 相互的,交互的 ~ respect reckon 计算,数 ~ the days till Christmas hurl vt.猛投,力掷;大声叫骂 hurricane n.飓风 ;十二级风 hypocrisy n.伪善,虚伪 ideology n.意识形态,(政治或社会的)思想意识 infrastructure n.基础结构,基础设施 inhale v.吸入(气体等),吸(烟) juvenile n.少年 a.青少年的,适合青少年的;幼稚的 kin n.家族,亲属 a.亲属关系的 reclaim 使改过,改造 ~ former criminals recognize 认出,识别 Dogs ~ people by their smell recollect 回忆,想起 I am trying to ~ a forgotten address recommend 推荐,称赞 He ~ed me for the post of headmaster reconcile 使和解,使和好 After each fight they ate soon ~d recover 追回,重新得到 The police ~ed stolen watch recruit 招募(新兵)招收(新成员)try to ~300 men in two days rectify 纠正,改正,矫正 ~ the mistakes in a bill

refer 提到,谈到 Does the remark ~ to me refine 提炼~ crude oil into various petroleum products pump 泵 fill a bucket from the ~ pursue 追赶,追随,追求 He felt their eyes pursuing him puzzle 难题,智力玩具,迷,迷惑 jigsaw ~ quality 质量,品级 merchandise of ~ quantity 数量,量 an increase in ~ quench 消除,平息,压制,扑灭 ~ hatred queue 一队人,一行列车 from a ~ quit 停止,放弃 It hasn't ~ raining yet peculiar 奇怪的,古怪的 He has always been a little ~ peel 削皮,剥皮 peel potatoes penetrate 穿透,渗入 The nail ~d the wood at least two inches perceive 感知,感觉,觉察 He was only able to ~ light and color ;he could not see properly perfect 完美的,理想的 a ~ couple perform 做,执行,完成~ an experiment 第 25 天任务 perfume 香水,香料,香气 She loves French ~(s) hop v.人单足跳;跳上(车等)n.蹦跳;短程飞行 hound n.猎狗;卑鄙的人 vt.用猎狗追,追逐 housing n.住房,住房供给;(外,阀)壳,防护罩 hover vi. 盘旋;徘徊 howl n.怒吼,嗥叫 vi.(风等)怒吼,咆哮 huddle vi.挤作一团;蜷缩 vt.聚集 n.挤在一起的人 quiver 颤抖,抖动 ~ with cold quote 引用,引述,援引 She ~d several verses to us rack 架子,支架,搁架 a clothes ~ reform 改革,改良 He spend years trying to ~ the world refresh 使恢复活力,使振作精神 Sleep ~es the body refute 驳斥,驳倒 The argument cannot be d at the moments regenerate 使恢复,使复兴,再生 The human body can ~ hair, nails, etc regulate 管理,控制,为……制订规章 The policeman ~d traffic at the intersection reign 为王,统治 In England ,the sovereign ~s but does not rule reinforce 增援,加强 They hope to ~ their domination in these countries rejoice 使感到高兴,使充满喜悦 The whole nation ~ over the victory relate 讲述,叙述 She ~d the experience of a Chinese girl in the United States relay 接力传送,传递 ~ a message release 排放,释出 ~ a bomb from an aircraft relevant 有关的,切题的 I don't think his remarks are ~ to our discussions relieve 缓解,减轻,解除 He smoked frequently to ~ nervous tension rescue 营救,救援,搭救 ~ hostages held by the terrorists resent 怨恨 ~ those unfair comments reserve 保留,储备 We'll the ticket for you till tomorrow noon resign 辞职,引退 He ~ed from his post resolve 决定,打定注意要 Have you ~d where to go next? resort 求助,凭借,诉诸 ~ to sb for help reverse 相反的,颠倒的,倒退的 a ~ dictionary revise 修订,校订 ~ a dictionary revive 苏醒,复苏 He is dead and never will ~ ridiculous 可笑的,荒唐的,荒谬的 In this department of English girls outnumber boys in a ~ ratio rigid 刚性的,坚硬的 a ~ piece of plastic ripe 成熟的,时机成熟的 a ~ cluster of grapes rot 腐烂,腐坏,腐朽,腐败,腐化 Meat may ~ if it is not refrigerated roundabout 绕道的,绕圈子的,不直接的 The car has to take a ~ course to avoid the flood scan 细看,审视 ~ the doctor's face for a sign of hope scare 惊吓,恐惧 The thunder ~d the children scatter 撒,撒播~ corn for the chickens schedule 时间表,进度表 a fight ~

scheme 计划,方案 He suggested several ~s to increase sales scold 责骂,训斥 Dad ~ed me for coming home late scorn 轻蔑,鄙视 He ~s lying scrap 碎片,零屑 ~s of bread scrape 刮,擦 ~one's chin 总复习测试 remark 评论,议论 (on, upon) It would be rude to ~ upon her appearance remedy 治疗,治疗法,药品 a folk ~ spectacle 景象,奇观,壮观,场面 The burning house was a terrible ~ squeeze 榨,挤 ~ juice from oranges stern 严厉的,苛刻的 a ~ punishment stimulate 刺激,促使 ~ economic growth ignore 不顾,不理,忽视:He who ignores history is doomed to repeat it illuminate 照明,照亮,解释,启发,启迪:The room was poorly illuminated by one candle illustrate (用图或例子)说明,阐明:A complicated rule can be illustrated by a simple example immerse 使浸没:He immersed himself in the pool shift 转移,移动 Don't try to ~the blame onto me shrewd 机灵的,敏锐的,精明的 a ~ guess synchronize 使同步,使结合,使协调 Their steps ~d taboo 禁忌,忌讳 Movies producers attempted to break down all the ~s tackle 用具,装备 shaving ~ transient 短暂的,转瞬即逝的 ~ happiness simulate 假装,冒充 use tricks to ~ illness sketch 素描,速写 make a ~ of a face in pencil slack 不紧的,不严的 a ~ soft rope slender 苗条的,修长的,细长的 She is ~ and has long dark hair edible 可以吃的,可食用的:edible oil elaborate 精心计划(或制作)的,详尽的:an elaborate plot elevate 举起,提高,抬起:elevate the living standards of the people fascinate 强烈的吸引,迷住,使神魂颠倒:be fascinated with history emigrate 移居外国(或外地区):emigrate from Canada to Australia emit 发出,散发(光,热,电度,声音,液体,气味等),发射电子:The chimney emitted a cloud of smoke endeavor (为达到某一目的而)努力,尝试:How much he endeavored, goal stayed unattained compulsory 必须做的,义务的 a compulsory subject conceal 隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽 He concealed his disappointment from his friends. conceive 构想出,设想 conceive an idea restore 恢复,修复,康复 The temple has been ~d out of all recognition restrain 抑制,遏止 ~ one's anger resume 重新开始,继续 When I quit golf, I ~d writing rouse 惊起 The boat ~d wild ducks to flight row 吵闹,争吵 What's all this ~ about? rub 擦,摩擦 He rubbed his eyes rust 锈,铁锈 Iron gathers ~easily ruthless 无情的,残忍的,冷酷的 a~ enemy sack 麻袋,纸袋,塑料袋 a ~of cement sacred 神圣的 the ~ name of God sacrifice 献祭,供奉 a law banning the ~ of animals salute 敬礼,祝贺 ~ one's superior officer retain 保留,保持 ~the right to reply reveal 揭示,揭露 I promise never to ~ his secret revenge 报仇,复仇 Man may destroy the balance of nature ,but ,from time to time, nature takes a terrible ~ concentrate 集中,专心 concentrate one's attention condemn 谴责 We all condemn cruelty to children. condense (使)压缩, (使)凝结,使简洁 condense a speech to half confer 商谈,商议 confer with sb. Over (on, about, concerning) sth. confess 坦白,供认,承认,忏悔 confess one's crime formulate 规划(制度等),构想出(计划方法等)formulate a policy gallop (马等的)飞跑,疾驰:The horse did a fine gallop during the race

gamble 赌博:gamble at cards gasp 喘气,喘息:speak between gasps gear 齿轮,传动装置,(排)档:interlock cogs and gears generalize 归纳,概括:I don't think you can generalize about what voters will do


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