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2018年英语(人教版必修3)课件:Unit 4 Period 2 Learning about Language_图文

Unit 4 Astronomy: the science of the stars Period 2 Learning about Language As a result of this event,a great dust cloud formed in 词 the sky blocking out the sunlight.因此,天空中形成 汇 大量的灰尘阻挡住了太阳光线。 ? ◎block out 挡住(光线);抹去,忘掉(不愉 快的回忆) ? ①The ashes of the volcanic eruption blocked block out out the way.火山爆发的灰烬挡住了道路。 ? ②Over the years she had tried to ___________that part of her life.多年来她努力想 把她生命中的那一段经历从记忆中抹去。 ? ? ? ? block in 填塞;画草图 block off (用路障)封锁;堵住,阻挡 block up 塞住;封住(孔、洞) block one’s way 挡住某人的去路 ? 根据语境用block 的短语填空 blocked out ? ③At that moment black clouds blocked ____________the sun. up blocked off ? ④My nose is ______________with this cold. ? ⑤The police ________________the street blocked my way where the gunman was hiding. ? ⑥Your bike has _________________,could you move it away? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? [名师点津] “动词+out”型短语还有: break out carry out give out make out pick out point out set out 爆发 执行 用完;耗尽;分发;发出 看清;听清;理解;明白 精心挑选;辨别出 指出 出发;动身 名词性从句(二)——主语从句 ? 一、定义 ? 在主从复合句中充当主语的从句即为主语从 句。 ? What made her happy was that she won the game in such an important match. ? 令她高兴的是在这么重要的比赛中她获胜 了。 ? It worried the woman that her son was always playing computer games. ? 儿子一直在玩电脑游戏,这让这个女人很担 ? 二、主语从句的连接词及其句法功能 ? 1.连接词 that 和 whether/if ? (1)that 在从句中不充当任何句子成分,本身 无任何意义,只起连接作用,但不可省略。 ? That former Hollywood child star Shirley Temple died upset her fans all over the world. ? 好莱坞前童星秀兰·邓波儿的离世令全世界 的粉丝感到难过。 ? (2)whether/if 在从句中不充当任何句子成 分,起连接作用,意为“是否”,不可省略。 ? Whether the plan will be carried out is still unknown. ? =It is still unknown if/whether the plan will be carried out. ? 这个计划是否会实施还不知道。 ? 名师点津:whether 引导的主语从句既可放 在句首也可放在句尾,但 if 引导的主语从句只 能放在句尾,前面需用 it 作形式主语。 ? 2.连接代词(who,whose,whom,what, which,whichever,whoever,whomever, whatever等)。连接代词引导主语从句,在从句 中可以作主语、宾语、表语或定语。 ? Who will go to the concert is not known. ? 不知道谁会去听音乐会。 ? Whoever breaks the law should be punished. ? 无论是谁只要违法就应该受到惩罚。 ? Whatever you do in your spare time should do no harm to others. ? 名师点津:who引导的主语从句表示一件 “事情”,而 whoever引导的主语从句指 “人”。 ? 3.连接副词(when,where,how,why等)。 连接副词引导主语从句并在从句中作状语。 ? When we will have a meeting is an important question. ? 我们何时举行会议是个重要的问题。 ? Where the English evening will be held has not yet been decided. ? 英语晚会将在哪里举行,还没有决定。 ? 名师点津:名词性从句引导词的确定步骤: ? ①分析句式结构,明确名词性从句在句中的 功能; ? ②明确名词性从句所表达的意义; ? ③明确名词性从句中所需要的成分及意义; ? ④确定从句的引导词。 ? 三、主语从句中用 it 作形式主语的结构 ? 1.It + be + 形容词(obvious,true, natural,strange,etc.)+主语从句 ? It is doubtful whether she will be able to come to the party. ? 她是否能来参加聚

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