第 9讲

Module 3


第9讲 Module 3


第9讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
在繁重的课业负担之下,中学生也应该学会适度地自我 放松,请你围绕“Ways to get relaxed”这一话题,按照下列要 点写一篇英语短文: 1.自我放松的途径:看电视、体育锻炼、上网等; 2.我更喜欢的途径及理由:……

第9讲 │ 美文欣赏
注意:在表达“我更喜欢的途径及理由”时,请从要点1 中选择一项进行阐述。 词数:100—120,文章开头已给出(不计入总词数)。 Ways to get relaxed There are various ways to get relaxed for middle school students. ______________________________________

第9讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 Ways to get relaxed There are various ways to get relaxed for middle school students. One way is to take exercise, walking, running, playing basketball or football, etc. We can also watch TV, where we are

able to enjoy varieties of colorful programs both in Chinese and English as well. Moreover, we can surf the Internet to get some
relaxation and entertainment.

第9讲 │ 美文欣赏
As far as I'm concerned/As for me, surfing the Internet appeals to me most. For one thing, the Internet offers a wide range of activities for relaxation. In general, I keep track of the
latest news as an enjoyment. Sometimes, I play computer games to refresh myself. For another, the Internet makes it easy for me

to make friends with people at home and abroad, for it is a great joy to communicate with them. In addition, having a glimpse of the vivid pictures and live videos on the Internet contributes to
regaining my energy.

第9讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:综述放松途径→自己更喜欢的途径→阐述理 由。较好地使用了连接词语,如:also,moreover,as far as I'm concerned/as for me,for one thing…for another,in general,in addition等。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:as well, appeal to,a wide range of,keep track of,have a glimpse of, vivid, contribute to等。

第9讲 │ 美文欣赏
③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如:定语 从句:…where we are able to enjoy varieties of colorful programs both in Chinese and English as well;for引导的是并 列句,两个分句中分别使用了不定式结构:…the Internet makes it easy for me to make friends with people at home and abroad, for it is a great joy to communicate with them.

第9讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1.composer n.作曲家→ ________ compose vt.创作, 作曲; 组成→ ___________ n.作文, 作曲→ composed adj. 由……组成 composition 的 2. _________ musical adj.音乐 musician n. 音乐家→ music n.音乐→ _______ 的 3. _______ direct n.方向 director n.指挥→ direct v. 指挥, 指导→ ______ → ________ direction adj. 直接的

第9讲 │ 基础梳理
4.lose vt.失去→ ___ lossn.损失→ ____ lost adj. 迷失的, 丢失的 5.tour vt. & n.巡回演出;观光, 旅游→ _______ tourismn.旅游者 tourist n. 旅游业 → ______ talented adj.有天赋的→ 6.talent n. 天分, 天赋→ _______ gift/genius n. 天分, 天赋(同义词) ___________ 7. _________ influence vt. &n. 影响→influential adj. 有影响的 8. record _____ vt. &n. 录音, 记录, 唱片→ recorder n.录音机 9.mix vt. 使混合→ _______ mixture n. 混合物

第9讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.因……而出名 2.把……变成 3.有史以来 4.到……时为止 5.对……印象深刻 6.变聋 7.对……有影响 8.分裂 9.记录 10.没门儿

be known for change…into of all time by the time be impressed with go deaf have an influence on split up make a note of no way

第9讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 worked for 30 years, Haydn moved to London, 1. Having _______________ ______ there he was very successful. 在那儿工作了30年后, 海顿 移居伦敦。在伦敦, 他非常成功。 By the time he was 14, Mozart _____________ had composed many pieces 2. ___________ for the harpsichord, piano and violin, _________ as well as for orchestras. 莫扎特到14岁的时候, 不仅已经谱写了很多管 弦乐曲, 还谱写了许多拨弦键琴曲、钢琴曲和小提琴曲。 3.While he was still a teenager, Mozart was already a big star giving concerts. 莫扎特还在青少年时 and toured ______ Europe _______ 期就成了明星, 在欧洲巡回演出。

第9讲 │ 基础梳理
4.However, ______Haydn _______________ it was who encouraged Beethoven to move to Vienna. 然而, 是海顿鼓励贝多芬移居维也纳的。 5. ___he As grew older, he began to _______. go deaf 随着年龄的增长, 他的耳朵变聋了。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Adverbial clause of time;The past perfect tense

第9讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 lose vt. 失去, 丢失;输;浪费(时间) (1) loss n. 丢失, 损失 lost adj. 失去的, 丢失的;迷路的, 不知所措的 (2) lose one’s way 迷路 be/get lost 迷路, 迷失 (3) be lost in 迷上;陷入 be lost in thought 陷入深思

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
(4) lose heart 灰心;泄气 lose one’s heart to 爱上…… lose sight of 看不见……了 (5) be at a loss (to do sth.) 困惑, 不知所措 【温馨提示】 lose表示“输, 失败”时, 可以作及物动词或不及物动词, 但是当表示“丢失, 失去, 损失”等意义时, 作及物动词, 因此, 当所丢失/失去的东西作主语时, 要用be lost。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 lost, missing和gone (1) lost用于修饰物时是“丢失了的”之意。如:a lost pen, one’s lost youth;用于修饰人时是“迷茫的, 不知所措 的”。如: We would be lost without your help. 我们没有你的帮助就会一筹莫展。 (2) missing有“失踪的, 行踪不明的”之意, 因此“小孩失 踪”应用missing。修饰物时, 意为“缺少的, 不在的”。 如: There is a page missing from this book. 这本书缺失了一页。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
(3) gone意为“(人)离开了;(物品等)用光的, 没了”;还可 以 指“一去不复返的”等。如: He is gone. 他走了。 All his money is gone. 他的钱用光了。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He didn’t find his cell phone ____ lost until he got home. 直到回到家, 他才发现自己的手机丢了。 (2) He ___ lost by less than 100 votes. 他以相差不到100票输了。 (3) I’m _______ at a loss what to do next. 我不知道下一步怎么办。 (4) Lost _____________ in thought , he almost ran into the car in front of him. 由于想得太出神了, 他几乎撞上他前面的汽车。 (5) The missing _______ girl was found by the river at last. 失踪的女孩最后在河边被找到了。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
(6) When he turned back, his father was already ____. gone 当他转过身来时, 父亲已经走了。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
2 encourage vt. 鼓励;怂恿 (1) encouraging adj. encouragement n. courage n. (2) encourage sb. to do sth.

令人鼓舞的 鼓励;怂恿;支持 勇气 鼓励某人做某事

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用courage, encourage或encouragement填空 (1) We should _________a encourage man to work better. (2) The soldier showed great _______ courage in the battle. encouragement (3) Students should be given more _______________instead of criticism.

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
3 mix v. 混合;掺和;融合 (1) mixture n. 混合物, 结合体 mixed adj. 混合的, 混杂的 (2) mix up 使混淆;弄混;弄乱 mix…with… 把……和……混合, 结合 mix with 与……交往, 与……混合

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) We can sometimes _______________________. mix business with pleasure 我们有时能把工作和娱乐结合起来。 mix well with the other children. (2) Charlie doesn’t _____________ 查理和其他的孩子相处不是很融洽。 (3) I always _____________ with his brother. They look so much mix him up alike. 我总是把他和他哥哥混淆, 他们长得太像了。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
4 record vt.&n. 录音;记录 keep a record of 把……记录下来;记下…… set (up)/break/ hold ____ a record 创造/打破/保持记录 make a record 录制唱片

第9讲 │ 单词点睛

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) At the sports meeting he ________the record for the one broke hundred meter race, which _____________for had been held five years. 运动会上他打破了百米赛跑的记录, 这一记录已经被保持 了五年。 (2)You should record/keep ____________________all a record of your expenses during your trip. 你应该记下你一路上的所有开支。

第9讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
be known as 以……知名;被认为是;称为 make oneself known to sb. 向某人作自我介绍 make sth. known to sb. 把某事向某人公布 【易混辨析】 be known as, be known for, be known to和be known by (1) be known as…意为“作为……而出名”, as 后面的宾语 与主语是同位关系。 (2) be known for…意为“因……而出名”, for后面的宾语是 主语的从属内容, 可理解为原因。

第9讲 │ 短语储存
(3)be known to…意为“被……所熟知”, to的宾语常常是人。 (4) be known by…意为“根据……而得知”, by的宾语是表示 认识手段或判断标准的名词。

第9讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) The African lion is _________ known as the king of the forest. 非洲狮被称为森林之王。 (2)This place is nationally _________ known for its melons and fruit, especially its seedless grapes. 这个地方因瓜果尤其是无核葡萄而驰名全国。 (3)It is _________everyone that theory comes from practice. known to 理论源于实践, 这是人人皆知的。 (4)A person is known _________the company he keeps. by 可以由某人所交的朋友来判断他的为人。

第9讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 Having worked there for 30 years, Haydn moved to London, where he was very successful. 在那儿工作 了30年后, 海顿移居伦敦, 在伦敦, 他非常成功。 【句式点拨】 本句中having worked there for 30 years是现在分词的完成时, 在句中作时间状语, 相当于时间状语从句after he had worked…。现在分词的完成时表示的动作发生在谓语动词表 示的动作之前, 而现在分词一般时表示的动作与谓语动词表 示的动作同时发生。如:

第9讲 │ 句型透视
Having worked there for 30 years, Haydn moved to 先 后 London. Feeling awkward, he didn’t know what to say. 同时发生 【易错警示】 现在分词完成时的否定词not要放在having之前, 而不能受现 在完成时(谓语动词的时态)的影响放在后面。如: Not having finished his work, he had to work extra hours at night. 因为没有完成工作, 他不得不晚上额外加班。

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) _________ Knowing he was right, he tried his best to get support from his father. 知道自己是对的, 他尽一切努力想得到父亲的支持。 (2) _____________ Having lived in the city for 10 years, he got tired of the noisy life. 在这个城市居住了十年, 他已经厌倦了喧闹的生活。

第9讲 │ 句型透视
2 By the time he was 14, Mozart had composed many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin, as well as for orchestras. 莫扎特14岁的时候, 不仅已经谱写 了很多管弦乐曲, 还谱写了许多拨弦键琴曲、钢琴曲和小 提琴曲。

第9讲 │ 句型透视

句型公式 表示“到……时为止, 已经……”: by the time+从句(过去时) by the end/age of+表过去的时间名词 by the time+从句(一般现在时) by the end/age of+表将来的时间名词

+主句(主 句用过去 完成时 +主句(主 句用将来完 成时

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【温馨提示】 如果by the time+从句或by the end of/by the age of+…的结 构中所表示的时间是将来的, 则主句要用将来完成时。 By the end of next month, he will have taught in this school for 30 years. 到下个月末, 他在这个学校教书将满30年。

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 用所给词的适当形式填空 had become(become) famous as an (1) By the age of 17, he __________ actor. had completed (2) By the time he was ten years old, he _____________ (complete) university. (3) By the end of next year, another new gymnasium _________________ will have been built (build) in my hometown.

第9讲 │ 句型透视
3 However, it was Haydn who encouraged Beethoven to move to Vienna. 然而, 是海顿鼓励贝多芬移居维也 纳的。 【句式分析】 强调句型。“It is (was)+被强调的部分+that (who)+其他”, 被强调部分可以是谓语动词以外的其他句子成分, 去掉“It is/was…that…”之后, 句子仍然很完整。 【温馨提示】 无论强调的是句子中的什么成分, 是单数还是复数, be动词 一律用单数形式。如果原句的谓语动词是过去时, 就用was, 如果是现在时就用is。

第9讲 │ 句型透视
强调句型常考的几种形式: Was it yesterday that you saw the strange man? (一般疑问句) Where was it that you came across Li Ping? (特殊疑问句) I wonder how it was that he managed to do that. (名词性从句) It was not until I began to work that I realized how much time I had wasted. (与not…until 结合) It was on the farm where they met that they held their wedding. (与定语从句结合)

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) It was ________ she was about to go out ________ the telephone rang. A.when; that B.so; that C.before; then D.when; before 【解析】 A 把it was 和第二空去掉,该句剩下的部分为: ________she was about to go out the telephone rang。结合 句子结构和句意,空格处填入when则正好构成一个句意和 结构都非常完整的句子,由此判断题干是一个强调句,被 强调部分是句子的时间状语,因此选A。

第9讲 │ 句型透视
(2) I’ve already forgotten ________ you put the dictionary. A.that it was there B.where was it that C.that where it was D.where it was that 【解析】 D forget引导的是宾语从句,根据where、it、 was三词的使用可以初步判断宾语从句使用了强调句型的特 殊疑问句形式。特殊疑问句中特殊疑问词一定位于句首, 在宾语从句中谓语使用陈述语序,因此选D。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 alent for acting at an early age and 1.She showed a great t _____ began acting in a movie at the age of eight. omposed his last opera shortly before he died. 2.Mozart c ________ 3.My teacher __________ influenced (影响)my decision to study science. 4.His speech won the applause of the ________( audience 观众). 5.If the words of a song are ________ complex (复杂的), they are difficult to understand.

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 of all time, have an influence on, split up, make a note of, no way have an influence on her. 1.I guess those of her friends __________________ made a note of her address and phone number. 2.Dave _____________ 3.It is recognized that this is the best science fiction __________ of all time . 4.When I asked whether I could use her car, she refused, saying “ __________ No way ” . 5.Steve’s parents _______ split up when he was four. Since then he has lived with his mother.

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1. __________ such a heavy loss, the boss didn’t have the courage to go on with his business. A.Having suffered B.Suffering C.To suffer D.Suffered 【解析】 A 考查非谓语动词作状语。本句中的非谓语动 词作原因状语,表示已经遭受了如此大的损失,故应使用 现在分词的完成式(having done结构),表主动与完成。所 以A项正确。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010· 北京卷] It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they ________ for me. A.had done B.did C.would do D.were doing 【解析】 A 考查动词的时态。选项所表达的动作发生在I was able to fully appreciate之前,故用过去完成时态。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.—I’ve read another magazine today. —Well, maybe ________ is not how much you read but what you read that counts. A.this B.that C.there D.it 【解析】 D 考查强调句结构。把“it is”和句中的that省 略后,该句话依旧成立,由此可知该题是强调句型的结构, 所以答案是it。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.The driver was at ________ loss when ________ word came that he was forbidden to drive for speeding. A.a; / B./; / C.the; the D.a; the 【解析】 A at a loss为固定搭配,意思是“不知所措;困 惑”;word表示“消息;信息”时,多用作单数,其前不 用冠词,故选A。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
5. ________ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. A.Being encouraged B.Encouraging C.Encouraged D.Having encouraged 【解析】 C 本题考查非谓语动词。encourage与句子主语 之间是逻辑上的被动关系,且并没有明显的“正在进行” 的含义,因此排除A,选C。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.In the dark night, we could feel wind ________ with snow blowing onto our faces. A.mixing B.was mixed C.being mixed D.mixed 【解析】 D 此句的主要结构为:feel wind blowing, wind 后面的“ ________with snow”应是定语修饰wind,wind与 mix是逻辑上的被动关系,因此用过去分词,此处强调风的 状态,而C项现在分词的被动语态则强调被动动作正在进 行。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.It’s clear that her painting has been ________ by Picasso. A.influenced B.mixed C.effected D.realized 【解析】 A 考查动词的区分。influence影响;effect作名 词时可以表示“影响”,作动词则表示“实现,引起”。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.Her speech was ________ . That is to say, we ________ her speech. A.impressive; were impressing by B.impressed; were impressed at C.impressive; were impressed by D.impressing; were impressing with 【解析】 C 第一个空可以是impressive 或impressing。第 二个空用be impressed with/by。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.He ________ America with his oneman show. A.visited B.reached C.traveled D.toured 【解析】 D 考查动词的区分。tour表示巡回演出。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.—Can you lend me some money?I happen not to have any with me now. — ________ . Why are you always borrowing money from me? A.No way B.Of course C.I’m sorry D.OK 【解析】 A 本题考查交际用语。No way. 表示对对方要求 的一种回绝。C项语气较委婉,与后面句子的语气不符。


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