湖北黄冈中学 2009 年中考英语模拟试题
第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节，计 35 分) 第一节 单项选择(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) A)从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出与句子划线部分意义相同或相近并能替代的那一项。 26．—The great leader, Deng Xiaoping, passed away in 1997. —What a great pity! A．death B．died C．dead D．was died
27．—When did your grandfather come to this city? —He came here when he was in his thirties. A．nearly thirty B．at the age of thirty C．more than thirty 28．—Do you know the man named Yang Zhengning? —Of course. He is a great scientist. A．is named B．who named C．whose name is D．who has named D．thirty years ago
29．—Would you like a cup of coffee? —Sorry, I’ll have a cup of tea rather than coffee. A．would rather B．better than C．instead D．instead of
30．—It’s raining these days. I won’t ride my bike to school tomorrow. —I won’t, either. A．So won’t I B．So I won’t C．Neither will I D．Neither I will
B)从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 31．—Mom, I’m leaving for Nanjing the day after tomorrow. —OK, remember to call me ________ you get there. A．as fast as B．as soon as C．as often as D．as well as
32．—What was the first book ________ you read last year? —Harry Potter. A．who B．which C．what D．\
33．—Why are you so worried? —Well, look, I’ve tried all these pens, but ________ of them writes well. A．either B．both C．neither D．none
34．—What are they talking about? —________. A．The story was told by John. C．The story which told by John. B．The story telling by John D．The story told by John
35．—Do you know the man ________ Mr. Wang is talking? —Oh, he is Li Ping’s father. A．whom B．that C．with whom D．with that
36．—When ________ the PRC ________? —On October 1st, 1949. A．did，find B．did，found C．was，found D．was，founded
37．—Look over there! Tommy, along with his parents, ________ trees in the garden. —Yes, how happy they are! A．plant B．plants C．is planting D．are planting
38．—Do you like watching TV? —Actually not. I prefer ________ to music rather than ________ TV. A．listening，watching B. listen，watch 39．—When did the terrible fire ________? —At midnight last Sunday. A．bring down B．break down C．break out D．put out C. to listen，watch D. listening，to watch
40．—I want to search for some information about Confucius _____ I can use for the report. —Well, you can find it on the Internet. A．which B．who C．what D．whom
41．—Mr. Smith, how do you like the weather here?
—It’s quite good. It’s ________ too cold ________ too hot. A．either…or B．both…and C．not only…but also D．neither…nor
42．—I hate rainy days. Do you know if it ________ again tomorrow? —I don’t know. If it ________ tomorrow, we’ll have to stay at home. A．will rain，rains B．will rain，will rain C．rains，rains 43．—Jim, who is your favorite teacher? —Well, it’s hard to say. But I think, ________ all the teachers I have met, Mr. Zhang is the most kind-hearted. A．in B．of C．from D．with D．rains，will rain
44．—Do you like entertainment shows, Mary? —Yes, actually I like many other TV programs ________ entertainment shows. A．except B．beside C．besides D．except for
45．—What a difficult problem! Could you tell me ________? —Let me have a look. A．how I can solve it C．what to solve it B．what can I do with it D．how to do with it
第二节 完形填空(共 15 小题；每题 1 分，满分 15 分) Hearing is very important to all of us. We can laughter of people or other different kinds of 47 protect our ears. The following will tell you 49 46 beautiful music, nice songs of birds, the in the world with our ears. 48 we must try to protect ears.
Listening to 50 music a lot can be bad for ears, 51 when headphones(耳机) are used. So try not to wear headphones or 52 the volume(音量) when you’re wearing headphones. You should give your ears a rest if you like wearing headphones. Before swimming, remember water 54 into your ears. 53 earplugs(耳塞) into your ears or wear a swim hat to stop
If you are going to a concert, wear earplugs to protect your ears 55 the terrible music! special earplugs can be made for you if you go to concerts a lot or if you are a musician yourself. See a doctor if your ears 59 57 . 58 some medicine if the doctor asks you to do so. 60 .
the advice above now and you won’t be saying“what?”when you are getting B．hear C．listening D．hear of
47．A．sounds 48．A．Because 49．A．what 50．A．loud 51．A．specially 52．A．turn on 53．A．put 54．A．geting 55．A．for 56．A．In fact 57．A．break 58．A．Drink 59．A．Listen 60．A．young
B．noise B．Although B．how B．aloud B．especially B．turn off B．to put B．to get B．from B．In short B．hurt B．Eat B．Hear B．old
C．voices C．So C．what to C．loudly C．special C．turn down C．putting C．with getting C．with C．In general C．ill C．Take C．Follow C．sick
D．barks D．But D．how to D．quiet D．especial D．turn up D．to putting D．from getting D．at D．In a word D．sick D．Have D．Fetch D．tired
第三部分 综合阅读(共三节，计 34 分) 第一节 综合知识(共 6 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 6 分) 根据所掌握的文化或背景知识，选择正确答案。 61．Ruins of St. Paul is a tourist attraction in ________. A．Hong Kong C．Taiwan B．Macao D．Fujian Province
62．Zheng He was a great Chinese explorer who led ____ocean journeys from 1405 to 1433. A．six C．eight 63．Tibet lies in the ________ of China. A．northwest C．southwest B．northeast D．southeast B．seven D．nine
64．Which of the following does not belong to the Four Great Inventions of Ancient China? A．Compass C．Paper-making B．Gunpowder D．Printer
65．________ was a great thinker and philosopher in ancient China. A．Confucius C．Yang Zhengning B．Sun Yat-sen D．Yuan Longping
66．________ is drunk by the largest number of people in the world. A．Coffee C．Cocoa B．Tea D．Vinegar
第二节 阅读理解(共 7 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 14 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给的四个选项中，选择最佳选项。
Did you watch the magic shows played by Liu Qian from Taiwan in the 2009 CCTV Spring Festival Gala(春节联欢晚会)? They attracted great attention and wide interests of the audience(观众). During the gala, Liu managed to drop a coin into a glass which was placed upside down(倒置) and transferred a finger ring into an egg. The two magic shows were so successful that everyone is now mad about him and all want to know how to play magic tricks.“I saw the surprise on everyone’s face. It was cool.”Liu said. However, you may not believe that Liu didn’t go to any magic school. He just learned by himself. When Liu was seven, he saw a coin trick in a big store. At that moment Liu decided to learn magic. He worked hard at it. He practiced hard to improve his skills. Then one day he was able to put on a show for his class. After years of hard work, now Liu is a great magician. But he isn’t satisfied with what he has got and keeps on trying every day. He may spend three years working out a new show. 67．Liu Qian becomes famous ________. A．because he is from Taiwan C．only in Taiwan B．for his magic shows D．when he was seven
68．According to the passage, we can use the following words to describe Liu Qian EXCEPT ________. A．creative C．satisfied B．hardworking D．wise
69．What does the underlined word“transfer”mean?
Most American students have to say goodbye to fancy(高档的) fruits these days. In school restaurants across the country, cheaper fruits like apples and oranges have taken their place. “People are afraid to spend now.”said Linda Morrow, who owns a shoe and handbag store.“They don’t know what the future will bring”. During the financial crisis(金融危机), several of the country’s biggest banks have been forced to sell or close. This has made lots of Americans afraid to buy expensive things. The crisis began last year. Experts(专家) think it was because US banks lend money too easily. Last year a lot of people and companies, who borrowed money, found themselves unable to pay it back. This left the banks, as well as the people who put their money in the banks, without money. Since the banks borrowed money between themselves and even across borders(国界), the whole world was in trouble. This month the US government agreed on a $700 billion plan to try to save the financial market. But no one is sure whether it will help or not. Last week presidents from 20 countries promised to work together to find a way out of the money trouble. 70．This passage is probably taken from ________. A．a story book C．a newspaper B．a novel D．an advertisement
71．Why are people in the US afraid to spend? A．Because they think it’s unnecessary. B．Because they don’t have the habit of spending money. C．Because they worry about their future. D．Because they don’t have any money. 72．From the passage, we still don’t know ________. A．when the financial crisis began B．when the financial crisis will end C．why some of the US banks closed D．whether the crisis has spread to other countries 73．The best title for the passage is ________. A．Ways to Save Money B．Financial Crisis Facing the World
C．Banks in the USA
D．The USA Becoming Poor 第二卷 非选择题(共 40 分)
第三节 任务型阅读(共 7 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 14 分)
In America, when people say“man’s best friend”, they don’t mean another person. Instead, they are talking about a lovely animal： a dog! These words show the friendship between people and animals. Dogs and other pets can give happiness to people’s life. ①Some people think of their pets as their children. A few even leave all their money to their pets when they die! Animals can help people, too. ②People can teach dogs to become the“eyes”for a blind person or“ears”for a deaf person. Because of that, animals are brought into hospitals for“visits.” Americans hold“Be kind to Animals Week”the fist week of May. Pet shows are held during the week. Even if you don’t live in America, you, too, can do this. How? First, think about how animals make your life richer. If you have a pet, take more time this week to play with it. Remember to give it delicious food. Also, be sure to keep your pet from those unwanted babies. If you don’t have a pet, be kind to animals around you. For example, if you see a street dog, don’t kick it or throw things at it. Instead, just leave it alone, or better yet, make friends with it. If others around you do bad things to an animal, try to stop them. ③As people, we must protect animals who can’t speak for themselves. 74．根据①处完成下面的句子(每空一词) Some people ________________ their pets ________________ their children. 75．根据②处完成下面的句子(每空一词) Dogs can ________ ________ to become the“eyes”for a blind person or“ears”for a deaf person. 76．将③处的句子翻译成汉语。 ________________________________________________________________
阅读下面短文，根据短文内容完成表格。 Reading is a good habit, but the problem is, there’s too much to read these days, and too little time to read every word of it. There are hundreds of skills to help you read more in less time. Here are two skills that I think are especially good. Preview-if it’s long and hard. Previewing is especially useful for getting a general idea of heavy reading like long magazine articles and business reports. Here’s how to preview.
●Read the first two paragraphs(段落) and the last two paragraphs carefully. ●Then read only the first sentence of the other paragraphs. Previewing doesn’t give you all the details. It keeps you from spending time on things you don’t really want-or need-to read. Skim-if it’s short and simple. Skimming is a good way to get a general idea of light reading-like popular magazines or the sports and entertainment of your daily paper. Here’s how to skim. ●Get your eyes to move fast. Sweep them across each line. ●Pick up only a few key words in each line. Everybody skims differently. You and I may not pick up the same words when we skim the same piece, but we’ll get a similar idea of what it’s all about. ①First, we should read 77．________________ carefully. How do we preview? ②Then we can read 78．________________ of the other paragraphs. ①We should move our eyes fast and 79．________________ How do we skim? ②We just need to 80．________________ in each line. 第四部分 写作(共三节，满分 26 分) 第一节 完成句子(共六小题；每小题 1 分，满分 6 分) 根据括号内的汉语提示完成句子，每空一词。 81．Hangzhou is a beautiful city which ______(吸引) lots of tourists from home and abroad. 82．Li Zicheng led the peasants to fight ________(反对) the Ming Dynasty in 1629. 83．Be careful! This kind of disease can be easily _____(传播) everywhere by some animals. 84．As a teacher, you mustn’t be so ________(不耐烦的) with the students. 85．How many years did the emperor spend ________(打败) the other states? 86．In the modern world, new scientific ________(发现) are being made every day. 第二节 补全对话(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据语境，用恰当的语言完成对话。 A：What do you often do in the evening, Bill? B：I usually read newspapers and watch TV every evening.
A：87．________________________________________ B：News reports and sports shows. How about you, Clare? A：Unfortunately in the evening I have lots of work to do. I’m always busy and I have very little time to watch TV. 88．________________________________________ B：Do you read everything in the newspaper? A：No, I hate the ads in the newspaper. B：89．__________________I think they are so boring. Maybe we can only listen to the radio. A：90．________________________________________ B：Right, it’s the same as TV. You needn’t read the ads in the newspaper, but you can’t avoid them on TV or on the radio. A：Either you turn them off, or you have to put up with(忍受) the ads. B：91．________________________________________ 第三节 书面表达(1 题，满分 10 分) 背景设定：电视已经深入到了我们生活的每个领域。随着社会的发展，人们看电视的时间也 越来越多，电视既给我们带来了乐趣，也难免产生一些消极影响。作为学生，你觉得我们应该多 花时间去看电视吗？电视给我们带来的更多的好处还是坏处？下面有两种观点： We should watch TV ①电视是现代生活的重要组成部分。 We shouldn’t watch TV ①看电视对人体健康，特别是眼睛有害，容 易引发多种疾病。
②电视是传播文化和信息的重要工具，我们 可以通过电视学到很多书本上学不到的知 ②花大量时间看电视会影响我们的学习和工 识。 作。 ③好的电视节目可以开发智力，促进我们健 ③很多电视节目容易误导少年儿童，对他们 康成长。 的成长有害。 请你根据上面所提供内容，任选一种观点写一篇短文。 要求：1．观点必须明确，不得含糊其词。 2．所表达内容必须包括 3 个要点，可以适当拓展。 3．词数 80 字左右，标题自定。
答案： 26—30 B C C D C 36—40 D C C C A 解析： 26．pass away 指“去世；逝也”，是一个动词短语，相当于 die。 27．in one’s thirties 是指“在某人 30 多岁时”。 28．此处是过去分词结构作定语，相当于一个定语从句。the man named Yang Zhengning 可 转换为 the man who is named Yang Zhengning 或 the man whose name is Yang Zhengning。 29．根据句意可知此处 rather than 是指“代替；而不是”。 30．此处是否定的结构表示“某人也不”，转换成倒装结构时应用 neither。 31—35 B D D D C 41—45 D A B C A
31．根据句意，应该用 as soon as(一??就??)。 32．此处考查定语从句，先行词 book 前有序数词 the first，故关系代词只能用 that，不用 which，作宾语时，that 可省略。 33．根据题中 all these pens 可知数量为三个或三个以上，故只能用 none。 34．根据提问，此处 the story 后的成分只能是定语，The story told by John 是过去分词 短语作定语，相当于定语从句 The story that/ which was told by John。 35．此处是定语从句，将动词 talk 后的介词 with 前置于关系代词之前，而 that 不能放在介 词后。 36．find 指“发现”，过去式和过去分词均为 found；而 found 本身也是动词，意为“成立， 建立”，过去式和过去分词均为 founded。 37．从“Look over there”可知，此处时态应为现在进行时，along with?在句中作插入成 份，不影响主语 Tommy，故主语仍为单数形式。 38．prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.是指“宁愿??也不??”。 39．bring down“打垮”，break down“损坏；（身体）有毛病”，break out“爆发”，put out“熄灭”。 40．此处定语从句中的先行词是 information 而不是 Confucius。 41．根据句意，应该是说天气“既不太冷，也不太热”，故用 neither?nor。 42．if 指“如果”时，常用来引导条件状语从句，从句中的时态常用一般现在时；if 指“是 否”时用于引导宾语从句，该从句中可根据时间状语用不同时态。 43．of 表示“在所有的??之中”。 44．beside 指“在??旁边”，besides 指“除了??之外（还有??）”，except 指“除 了??之外（再没有）”。根据题意，应该用 besides。 45．此处考查宾语从句和“疑问词+动词不定式”结构。B 选项中语序出错；C 选项中 what 应 改成 how；D 选项中 do with 应换成 deal with。 46—50 B A C D A 61—66 B B C D A B 74．regard/ consider, as 75．be taught 76．作为人类，我们必须保护不会说话的动物 77．the first two paragraphs and the last two paragraphs 78．only the first sentence 51—55 B C B D B 56—60 A B C C B 67-73 B C D C C B B
79．sweep them across each line 80．pick up only a few key words 81．attracts 82．against 83．spread 84．impatient 85．defeating/ beating 86．discoveries 87．What programs do you usually watch? 88．So I sometimes read newspapers. 89．So do I./ Me, too. 90．But there are also many ads on the radio. 91．I agree with you./ I think so./That’s right. /You’re right. We should watch TV As we know, TV plays an important part in our daily life. In my opinion, watching TV is good for us. Since it was invented, TV has been an important part of the modern life. It is also an important tool to spread culture and information. We can learn much knowledge from TV which we can’t get from books. What’s more, good TV programs can keep us wise and healthy. With TV, children can grow up happily. Since TV is so important and useful, why shouldn’t we watch TV often? 参考范文（二） We shouldn’t watch TV It is known to all that TV is very important and useful to our daily life, Yet it doesn’t mean that we should spend much time on it. I think we shouldn’t watch TV often. Watching TV may be enjoyable, however, it is also bad for our health, especially our eyes. It can cause many kinds of diseases. Also, spending too much time watching TV can influence our work and study. Furthermore, many TV programs are not suitable for children. They have a bad influence on children’s growth. In a word, for all the reasons above, we’d better not watch TV.