The Road is always ahead of You
Unit 1 Breaking Records
Ashrita & Sri Chinmoy
Walking on a pair of iron stilt
Mr.Versatility Knows No Limits
Swiss Ball Balancing Balancing a Pool Cue on Finger
Milk Bottle Balancing on Head Walking Lunges Staying Balanced At Stonehenge
Milk Bottle Balancing on Head
Hula Hoop Racing
Ashrita Furman breaks his 107th Guinness World Record... on one leg.
Ashrita Furman literally hops his way to his 107th Guinness World Record at the Penang Bird Park, Malaysia, successfully hurdling the record for the fastest mile covered on a single leg.
Why I Break Records
Ashrita with Sri Chinmoy
As a kid I had a huge fascination with the exotic places and people listed in the Guinness Book of Records, but being a non-athlete, I never imagined ever actually getting a world record myself. Years later, as a teenager, I became interested in Eastern spirituality and began studying meditation with Sri Chinmoy. Suddenly, I was filled with an inner joy and a seemingly inexhaustible energy. Sri Chinmoy also taught me about his philosophy of self-transcendence, that when you have access to the divine power we all have within us, nothing is impossible.
Under my teacher’s guidance, I eventually learned how to incorporate my newfound energy into my spiritual life while pursuing athletic goals, and I realized that it was time to fulfill my childhood dream of becoming a Guinness record-holder. In 1979 I set my first record by doing 27,000 jumping jacks, and it was such a thrill that I immediately began training for the next record and I haven’t stopped since! I have also been fortunate enough to travel with the group that often accompanies Sri Chinmoy on his international concert tours of music dedicated to world harmony, and I’ve had the opportunity to set records at some of the most magnificent wonders of the world.
True or False
Quickly glance through the text. Tick the topics about Ashrita that the author does not cover. □physical skills needed for events □ number of records broken □ his family life □ kinds of records broken
□ why he became a sportsman □ countries he likes best □ place and date of birth □ his occupation
□ his education □ his first Guinness record
Now read the story more carefully and answer the following questions in groups.
1 Where do you think Ashrita lives? 2 How old do you think he is? 3 Has he broken records in all seven continents? 4 When did he first come across the Guinness Book of World Records?
5 What are some of the physical difficulties he has experienced when A walking with a bottle of milk on his head? B standing on top of a Swiss ball? C somersaulting? D doing gymnastically correct lunges?
6 Which one of Sri Chinmoy's beliefs led Ashrita to attempting records? 7 Why was it amazing that Ashrita came third in the bicycle marathon in 19787
8 Why did Ashrita believe he could accomplish anything after the bicycle marathon? 9 What happens in an event that prevents Ashrita from giving up? 10 Do you think that the events that Ashrita participates in are childish? Why or why not?
1. break a record打破记录
set /establish /create a new record 创造一项新记录 keep/hold a record保持记录 equal the world record平世界记录;
2. approximately adv.
How much do you think it will cost, approximately?
【词汇辩义】almost, nearly, about, approximately, around, roughly 这些副词均有"大约，差不多"之意。 almost 指在程度上相差很小，差不多。 nearly与almost含义基本相同，侧重指数量、时间或空间上 的接近。 about 常可分almost和nearly换用，但about用于表示时间、 数量的"大约"时，实际数量可能多也可能少。 approximately 多用于书面语，指精确度接近某个标准以致 误差可忽略不计。 around 多用于非正式场合，常见于美国英语。 roughly 指按精略估计，常代替about。
3. Conventional adj.
1 (a) (常作贬义) based on convention 依照惯例的; 约定俗成的; 因循守旧的: conventional clothes, behaviour 老一套的衣物、 行为 She's so conventional in her views. 她的观点太保守. He made a few conventional remarks about the weather. 他说 了几句关於天气的客套话. (b) following what is traditional or customary 依照传统的; 符 合习俗的: a conventional design, method 传统的式样、 方法. 2 (esp of weapons) not nuclear （尤指武器）常规的, 非核的: conventional missiles, warfare, etc 常规的导弹、 战争等 a conventional power station, ie fuelled by oil or coal, rather than being powered by a nuclear reactor 使用普通燃料的发 电厂（以石油或煤为燃料而非使用核动力的）.
Internet connections through conventional phone lines are fairly slow.
He is conventional in his approach to life.
adj according to or being tradition 按照传统的; 传统 的: It's traditional in England to eat turkey on Christmas Day. 圣诞节时吃火鸡是英格兰的传统. * country people in their traditional costumes, ie of a type worn for many centuries 穿著传统服装的乡村 居民.
adv: In England, turkey is traditionally eaten on Christmas Day. 在英格兰, 圣诞节时按传统要吃 火鸡.
4. rather adv.
1).rather可以修饰形容词、副词的原级、比较级等; 可以与介词短语连用. 2).rather放在不定冠词a（n）前后均可.如:have got a rather（=rather a）good voice. 3).用作副词,意为"宁可,宁愿" , rather than意为"而不 是;与其……不如",后接名词、代词、形容词、动词原 形等；would rather do...than do...=would do...rather than do...宁愿做……而不愿做……； prefer to do...rather than do...宁愿做……而不愿 做…; 4).用作感叹词,意为"当然" --Would you like a swim？ --Rather.
5）习惯用语及搭配 a). or rather更确切，更恰当；更接近. b). would rather意为"宁愿",后接动词 原形,其否定形式是would rather not do. c).I would rather that...这是虚拟语气 形式,若从句表示与现在或将来的情况 相反,用一般过去时;与过去的事实相反, 用过去完成时.
【词汇辩义】fairly, pretty, quite, rather
all used to say that something is true to some degree, but not completely or extremely这些程度副词都有“相 当，颇”之意。 fairly语意最弱，多用于褒义，表示适度地、尚可的意思。 不可与too或比较级连用。 pretty用法与rather相似。常用于非正式文体。 quite含义比fairly稍强，与不定冠词连用时，一般放在 不定冠词之前。It took quite a long time (NOT a quite long time). ? You are quite wrong. ? I quite understand your feelings. rather语气比quite强，褒意贬意都可使用。用作程度副 词,意为"稍微;有点;颇;相当"
v. to try to do something, especially something difficult试图 1) The second question was so difficult I didn't even attempt it. 2) He attempted to leave but was stopped. 3) I attempted walking along the rope. 4) The old lady lived, so her attacker was charged with attempted murder, not murder. n. an effort or a try 尝试； 1) He failed to set a new record, but it was a good attempt. 2) I passed my driving test at the third attempt. 3) The government announced big tax cuts in an attempt to regain its lost popularity. 4) Could you at least make an attempt to smile?
⑴ He ____ to escape from the prison, but he couldn’t find anybody to help him. A. succeeded B. attempted C. advised D. offered (B) ⑵ Shelly had prepared carefully for her English examination so that he could be sure of passing it on her first _______. A. intention B. attempt C. purpose D. desire (B)
--I think I can’t achieve my aims. -- In my opinion, you shouldn’t ______ such a difficult task. A. attempt B. have attempted C. manage D. have managed It was a great _____ for him to be pleasant to people he didn't like. A. attempt B. trouble C. power D. effort
While these activities might seem childish and cause laughter rather than respect, in reality they require an enormous amount of strength and fitness as well as determination. 【知识串讲】while引导让步状语从句, 意思为 “尽管”. 【真题回放】 _________ I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the person. A .while B. Since C. Before D. Unless (A)
rather than prep. instead of; in preference to (sb/sth)
在大多数情况下,rather than两侧的句子结构是对称的,但也有不对称现象. 1) The color seems green rather than blue.(两侧均为形容词) 2) The dictator relied on abuse of his opponents.(两侧均为介词短语) 3) It was what he meant rather than what he said that annoyed me.(两侧均为what引导的名词性从 句) 4) They hope that reason rather than prejudice would prevail in the community.(两侧均为名词) 5) He was bolting his food rather than eating it.(两侧均为动词的过去进行时,只不过eating前省略了 was) 6) These measures will aggravate(使---恶化) rather than relieve the situation.(两侧均为动词的一般 将来时,只不过relieve前省略了will) 7) He should be rewarded rather than punished .(两侧均为should+动词不定式一般式的被动形式,只 不过punished前省略了should be) 8) He ran rather than walked.(两侧均为动词的一般过去时) 9) He insisted on staying rather than go. (不对称,不太情愿做的事,大体相当于 “而不愿”
2) . ---Shall we go skating or stay at home？ .---Which ______do yourself？ A. do you rather B. would you rather C. will you rather D. should you rather (B) 3).Rather than _______on a crowded bus，he always prefers ______a bicycle. A. ride；ride B. riding；ride C. ride；to ride D. to ride；riding (C) 1) Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the future generations _______harm them. A. other than B. more than C. better than D. rather than 2) It has been said that in no country Britain can experience four seasons in the course of a single day. A. other than B. more than C. better than D. rather than Key: 1) D 2) A
adjustment n. [C, U] (act of) adjusting 调节; 调整; make adjustment to 适应；a period of adjustment；a minor/ slight adjustment to the mechanism；her adjustment to her new role。例 如： adjustable adj that can be adjusted 可调节的; 可调整的: adjustable seat-belts 可调节的座位安 全带.
【迷你考场】完成下列句子： It just needs _____________________(小小的调整). I've ________________(作了小小的调整)the seating plan. ________________(有必要调节一下)of the lens may be necessary. Key: a few slight/minor adjustments; made a few minor adjustments to
in reality=in actual fact
We thought they had come to repair the phone, but in reality they were burglars.
Reality n.(C. & U.)something or anything that is real
One’s dream becomes a reality. put one’s dream/wishes into realty escape from realty
Concentrate vt. bring together into one place 集中 We concentrated our forces against the enemy's position. 我们集中兵力攻击敌人的 阵地。 vi. meet in a common centre 集中 He's tired and can't concentrate. 他累了， 注意力不能集中。 concentrate on fix one's efforts and attention on把…集中在…上；全神贯注于 We are concentrating our efforts on socialist construction. 我们正集中力量建设社会主义。
tough adj. difficult to do or deal with:
It was a tough race. She' s had a tough life. The company admitted that it had been a tough year. Tough decisions will have to be made. The reporters were asking a lot of tough questions. have a tough time (of it) (=face a lot of difficult problems) The family has had a tough time of it these last few months. it's tough doing something It's tough being married to a cop. be tough on somebody (=cause problems for someone or make their life difficult) Having to stay indoors all day is tough on a kid.
1 [only before noun] very great in degree: Extreme poverty still exists in many rural areas. extreme care/caution It is necessary to use extreme caution with chemicals. extreme cold He had extreme difficulty getting hold of the ingredients. 2 very unusual and severe or serious extreme example/case an extreme case of cruelty Force is only justified in extreme circumstances. extreme weather/conditions etc
very: They played extremely well. She's extremely beautiful.
noun [C] the largest possible amount or degree of something: I've never witnessed such extremes of wealth and poverty. Most people I know work fairly hard but she takes it to extremes. My moods seem to go from one extreme to another (= my moods often change from very bad to very good).
allow v.允许，容许 allow sb.to do sth.允许某人做
某事 ；allow doing sth.允许做某事 ；allow vt. 给予 (时间、金钱)；同意给予。后常接双宾语。 例如; 1) He allows his wife $200 a month for clothes. 2) Allow me one minute in which to change my clothes. 3) Please allow yourself an hour to get to the airport.
This journey usually takes 3 weeks, but you should allow for delays caused by bad weather. We must allow for the train being late—it always is. You can’t make it in an hour; you must allow for the heavy traffic.
这两个词都是“许可，允许”之意，用法正式；而且都表示有能 力或权威去阻止的含义。 permit意为“准许，允许”，比allow更为正式，严肃，指有权允 许的一方积极、明确地从正面允许或持肯定态度。例如1) The distance between the two cities was in those days too great to permit of frequent contact. 2) In the wall of the cabin there is a hole to permit light to enter. allow意为“许可，准许”，其实表达的意思是并不反对，不加阻 止或客观条件的可行性，偏重“听任”，意义较消极。可用于复 合结构，即allow sb./sth. to do sth.。常用词组：allow for考虑到 具体情况；allow of (no delay/ no dispute)许可，承认（刻不容缓， 没有争论余地）。例如：1) The nurse allowed the visitors to remain beyond the hospital visiting hours, though it was not permitted. 2) I want to get a good business or profession which allows me to get away when I want to. 3) Being the principal of a high school, Jane's position allowed of no unseemly behavior in public.
come (get) to 后常接know, understand, love, like, live, be, realize等动词,表示 “渐渐开始” 之意. 【【迷你考场】With time passing by, the boy _______ to understand why his father was so strict with him. A. turned B. came C. became D. grew Key: B
limit n.限度,界限,极限,限量.within limits适度地,有限度地. Without limit无限地,无限制地. Limit vt. 限定某人(某事物) 例 如: ⑴.The speed limit on this road is 70 pmh. ⑵. There is a limit to how much I’m prepared to spend. ⑶.There’s just about no limit to what you can do about this. 【迷你考场】完成下列句子: ⑴.We must try and _______________________(限制我们 的开支). ⑵. I’m willing to help, ___________________(适当地). ⑶. No fishing is allowed ________________________(二 十英里范围内). Key: ⑴. limit our expenditure. ⑵.within limits ⑶.within a twenty-mile limit.
come to an/the understanding that…达到某种情况或状态, 对某事 物的原因,意义和重要性的了解,that 引导同位语从句. accomplish vt. 完 成,做成功,实现: accomplish one’s aim(a task); a man who will never accomplish anything.
accomplish 指成功地完成预期的计划或达到预期的目的或成果 complete 指完成一件指派或预定的任务，或完善、完整未完成的 部分 end 指一个动作或一件事情的结束或终止 finish 指把一件事或一个动作做完，强调事情的了结、终止
⑴.We need to __________________(达到更好理解) of how these machines work and where they should be used ⑵. _______________(根据我得理解)we would meet here. Key: ⑴ come to a better understanding ⑵ My understanding was that
⑴.We tried to settle the argument but ___ nothing. A. accomplished B. completed C. ended D. finished ⑵.The term will ___ early in July. A. accomplish B. complete C. end D. finish ⑶.The building was ___ in 1962.. A. accomplished B. completed C. ended D. finished ⑷.When will the work be ___. A. accomplished B. completed C. ended D. finished ⑸.比较:I have finished the book.和I have completed a book. 分别释为何意呢? Key: ⑴ A ⑵ C ⑶ D ⑷ B ⑸ I have finished the book.我读完 了那本书. I have completed a book.我写完了一本书.
acknowledge v. 接受；承认；认为
acknowledge doing sth. She acknowledged having been frightened. acknowledge + that-clause She acknowledged that she had been frightened. acknowledge sth. You must acknowledge the truth of her argument. They refused to acknowledge the new government. acknowledge—as / to be = to accept or recognize 承认； 认可 She is acknowledged as / to be their best tennis player. acknowledgement n. 承认，致谢，答谢 in acknowledgement of 承认…；感谢…； 以…表谢意 He was given a gold watch in acknowledgement f his work for the company.
【迷你考场】 ⑴ He the fact that he had made a mistake. A. accounted B. permitted C. allowed D. acknowledged ⑵ He is widely acknowledged being the best player in the world. A. as B. of C. to D. for ⑶ I gratefully financial support from several local businesses. A. express B. convey C. exhibit D. acknowledge (4) In this factory, suggestions often have to wait for months before they are fully _____. A. admitted B. acknowledged C. absorbed D. considered Key: ⑴ D ⑵A ⑶D (4) D
引导时间状语从句除了用when, while, before, after 等从属连词外,一些短语如the moment(minute, instant), every time, the next time, the last time, by the time等,以及immediately, directly, instantly 等词都可以引导时间状语从句.例如: Every time I saw him, he always devoted himself to his work.每次我见到他的时候,他都在全身心地工 作.
where引导定语从句,先行词是point,类似表示地点,处所,情况,状态的名词做先 行词时,定语从句多用where 引导,这样的名词有:place, room, point, situation, condition, case, occasion等. deep adv. 例如: They dived deep into the ocean./ Still water runs deep. 【真题回放】 【迷你考场】练习(选择最恰当的答案): ①Have you thought a situation________ this idiom can be used? A. when B. where C. for which D. why ②In a sports team each player has a clear role, and there are few occasions members are confused or uncertain of their roles. A. when B. where C. why D. how I thought her nice and honest ____ I met her. A. first time B. for the first time C. the first time D. by the first time I shall take you back to Beijing _____ you are well enough to travel. A. presently B. promptly C. immediately D. shortly Key: ①B ②
1 to strongly suggest that someone does something urge somebody to do something I got a note from Moira urging me to get in touch. urge that He urged that a referendum should be held by December. urge something on/upon somebody I have urged upon him the need for extreme secrecy. The charity urged quick action. 2 [always + adverb/preposition] formal to make someone or something move by shouting, pushing them etc urge somebody/something forward He urged her forward, his hand under her elbow. urge somebody into/towards something She began urging him towards the front door. urge somebody ? on phrasal verb to encourage a person or animal to work harder, go faster etc: Urged on by the crowd, the Italian team scored two more goals.
n. eagerness and willingness to do something
without needing to be told or forced to do it
[countable] the reason why you want to do something 动机；诱因;刺激
What was your motivation for becoming a teacher? Escape can be a strong motivation for travel.
They lack the motivation to study. 他们缺乏学习的积极性.
1 [U] ~ (to sb/sth) (a)deep strong love 深爱; 挚爱: a mother's devotion to her children 母亲对子女深深的疼 爱. (b)(b) giving of oneself (to a person, cause, etc); loyalty 献身; 忠心: devotion to duty 忠於 职守 * a teacher's devotion to her task 教师 全心全意投入其工作的态度 * our devotion to our leader 我们对领袖的忠诚. 2 [U] religious zeal; devoutness 宗教热情; 虔 诚: a life of great devotion 信仰诚笃的一生.
What is Meditation
Meditation is not a kind of prayer of the mind and it is not a prayer in the mind. But it can easily serve the purpose of a soulful prayer for the mind. --Sri Chinmoy
Reasons for meditation
1. When we meditate, either consciously or unconsciously we aim at peace of mind. 2. Meditation gives us purity.
3. It helps us enter cheerfully into the current of spiritual life. 4. When we meditate, we discover something and we invent something. . 5. The seeker who meditates is a warrior, divine warrior. He faces suffering, ignorance and darkness, and inside the very life and breath of suffering he tries to establish the kingdom of Wisdom-Light. 6. Meditation helps us hear the Voice of God.
1. Surf on the Internet and find more about Ashrita & Sri Chinmoy.
2. Surf on the Internet and find more about
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爷用心，他调用官兵方便。二老爷领了老太太的命，又同大哥、大侄儿寒暄了几句，出来，一路斟详此事如何办理，迎头听见个娇嗲嗲 的声音：“哟，老爷！”却是刘四姨娘，满脸热乎乎的笑，给他深深的道了个万福，那腰身还是跟少年时一样，绵软得紧。二老爷心里 就一动??不过，还是正事要紧。他“嗯”了一声，自顾往前走。刘四姨娘小碎步跟上，粘着他不放，还老问些有的没有的，二老爷就 有些烦了。刘四姨娘又问：“老爷哪儿去？”二老爷回答：“到你们太太那里去。”刘四姨娘顿时就有点僵。众姨娘们都陪着二太太， 只有她溜出来逮巧宗儿，结果直接跟到二太太那里，像什么样？二太太会不会剥了她的皮！她她她??她要不要尿遁？在进二太太屋门 之前，刘四姨娘到底找了个机会，溜开了，晃荡半圈再回来，自以为遮人耳目。二太太怒从心起，很想当场好好教训她一顿，碍着二老 爷的面子，忍了，先服侍二老爷用了顿简单的中饭，含蓄的问二老爷，大少爷仕进了，是不是他们云书的地位会下降。二老爷很不含蓄 的告诉她，与其担心这个，不如把柯儿的学业抓上去。院子里多出几个读书人，对谁都有好处。二太太当时脸色就红一阵白一阵的。明 柯的生母、卓二姨娘赶紧在旁道：“奶奶平日总关心柯儿功课，为柯儿伤了不少神，实在是柯儿自己太不争气。”二老爷咕哝了一句： “这样顽劣，不知像谁。”没人敢答腔了。二老爷扒拉完饭菜，去安排送银子的事。嘉颜已经把银两筹措到位了，都是毫无花假的现银， 交割于二老爷，便回内院，途中经过一处小桥。这小桥下倒是没水，旁边原是一座小丘，能工巧匠将假山石铺设于小丘上，天衣无缝， 曲意玲珑，小丘下是片洼地，便植了片绿得发蓝的蔓草，草上贴着丘石架座弯弯的小桥，嘉颜就从那儿走，听得有人问好：“嘉颜姐 姐。”循声低头看，桥那边，蔓草到了尽头的拐角处，是个小池塘，苏家八 明波原蹲在那儿以手掬水，见嘉颜走来，起身拘谨的打招 呼，脸憋得红红的。第五十一章 水上失银斗巧智（3）嘉颜忙施礼。这时候明波立得低，嘉颜立得高。她觉得不太合适，想折路下来跟 明波说话，明波已经自己低着头走了。其实再低头，也遮不住她下巴上的疤痕，但她自卑惯了，只索低着。嘉颜隔着衣袖，抚着老太太 赐她的珍珠底镶宝金钑花钏。服侍好主子，是有好处的啊??瞧她比这家子里什么庶出 都得意多了！奴婢作到这地步，是不该有什么 别的要求，只管一昧忠肝赤胆、肝脑涂地便是。嘉颜一路思忖，一路往柳少姨娘那边。柳少姨娘和宝音都已经午憩起来，可以安排搬屋 子了。嘉颜盯着那些丫头们。一个 起居，索索细细，有不少东西，乐韵愿意表现，指挥得不错，然总嫩些，要嘉颜提着大领子。宝音 对住