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英语应用能力A级


Part I Structure (15 minutes) Section A 16. Many things _____ impossible in the past are common today. A) to consider B) considering C) being considered 17._____ fails to see this will make a big mistake. A)Whoever B)Whatever C)Anyone 18. There was not a single person _____ thought you were right. A)which B)whose C)he 19.I’ll lend you my computer _____ you promise to take care of it. A) unless B) while C)as 20.I would have come sooner but I _____ that you were waiting. A)haven’t known B)hadn’t known C)didn’t know 21. His mother told me that he _____ read quite well at the age of five. A)would B)could C)should 22. The Yellow River is _____ river in China. A) the longest B)the second longest C) second longer D)the second longer 23. Seldom _____ to see his uncle. A) he goes B) goes he C) does he go 24. George, like all boys, _____ cars very much. A)like B)are liking C) liking 25. When she arrived, she went in the wrong _____. A) direction B)place C) location

D) considered D)Who D)but D)if D)have known D)might

D) he does go D)likes D) course

Section B 26. January 1st, 1937, is the historic date when Britain (join)__________ the Common Market. 27.1 would rather you (come)_________ yesterday. 28.The employer gave his (accept)_________ to the worker’s suggestions. 29.1 want to get something (read)_____ during the vocation. 30.1 have lived in Chongqing for several years and I’m now accustomed to (eat)______ hot food. 31.Even though (give)_____ every opportunity, they would not try. 32.I recommend this book for children for its (simple)________. 33. (theory)_____ methods are sometimes useless outside of the laboratory. 34. There are poor children without homes, who sleep in the streets, and live in (miserably)____ 35. She is by far (active)_____ member in our group. Part II Task l Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

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Our environment is getting worse and worse with the increase of the world population, which affects the environment in two ways. Firstly, the limited energy resources will be used up much faster. Secondly, the increasing population creates more pollution, another severe problem that needs to be solved. Both problems are long-term ones because actions taken now show their results slowly over many years. They are also urgent because delays in action can lead to great suffering and social problems. The question seems to be difficult to handle for most people. However, a person can be a protector of environment in everyday life if he takes actions to save the environment right now. With the development of technology, cars make transportation easier and quicker than before, but we can’t ignore the disadvantages brought to us by more and more cars in use. For example, we are consuming gasoline(汽油), which is a non-renewable(无法更新 的)resource, and will soon be gone. Moreover, the exhausted gas from cars pollutes our air, and our health is therefore threatened by air pollution, which has a big potential effect on our daily life. So we can consider walking, taking buses, carpooling(合用汽车), instead of driving cars alone. This seems to be a very slow process that can’t be so effective if it’s taken by a single person. But when more and more people become aware of the importance and positively take it as their personal responsibilities. The condition of the air will be improved to a great extent. 36. According to the writer, the main problem to our environment today is _____. A) the increase of population B)the limited energy resources C)the more serious air pollution D)the development of technology 37.From the passage, we can know that ______. A) effective measures can be taken mainly by the government B) taking measures now can soon improve the environment C) immediate measures can cause great suffering and social problems D) every single person’s action has some effect on environment protection 38. The author’s main purpose in writing this passage is most probably to _____. A) complain about people’s slow actions to protect the environment B) advise people to take actions to protect the environment C) show himself to be an active environment protector D) point out the bad effects of technologies in protecting environment 39.The author believes that carpooling _____. A) can give help to those without cars B) can save people money and time C) can save energy resources and reduce air pollution D) can promote friendship among drivers 40. The passage is mainly about _____. A) energy resources saving B) environment protection
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C) population control

D) air pollution

Task 2 First aid (急救)is the care given to the injured or sick as soon as possible after an accident or illness. It is this immediate care and attention before the arrival of the ambulance (急救车)that sometimes means the difference between life and death, or a full or partial recovery. First aid has limitations, as not everybody is a doctor or expert, but it is a key element of the total medical system. The principle to be adopted in first aid is immediate action. By-standers (旁观者)or relatives not knowing what to do, or being too fearful to try, have unwisely contributed to unnecessary deaths and worse injuries. It is important that any action taken by the first aid provider is started as quickly as possible. Quick action is necessary to save life and parts of the body. One who is not breathing effectively, or is bleeding (流血)heavily, requires immediate help. If quick effective first aid is provided, then they have a much better chance of a good recovery. But it should be remembered that any action taken is to be the most careful, and fright (恐 惧)by the first aid provider and by-standers will not be good to the whole thing. Try to remain calm and think your actions through. A calm and controlled first aider will give everyone confidence that the event is being handled efficiently and effectively. 41.The writer seems to suggest that if you don’t know much about first aid, you should A) call for help from professionals B) still try to help C) stand by and not try to help D) learn it from a doctor 42. According to the passage, some injured or sick people died as a result of ____ . A)other people’s hesitation to offer first aid B) unprofessional first aid C) unnecessary first aid D) unwise suggestions by by-standers 43. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A)One should not apply first aid to the injured without knowing the case of the accident. B)It is easy to carry out first aid if one has the necessary facilities. C)First aid is an important part of the whole treatment. D)First aid may not be effective before a doctor or expert comes. 44.The most important thing in providing first aid is to _____. A) call for an ambulance B) prevent bleeding C)know what to do D)act quickly 45. While offering first aid, the helper should _____. A) be self-controlled B)have others to assist him C)have confidence in the sick person D)get rid of the by-standers Task3 Before making a speech, we often need to make brief speaking notes. You can put them on
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cards no smaller than 150 x 100mm. Write in large and bold letters that you can see at a glance, using a series of brief headings to develop the information in sufficient detail. The amount of information you include in your notes will depend on the complexity (复杂性) of the subject, your familiarity with it, and your previous speaking experience. Here are some steps for you to follow when preparing brief speaking notes. First, you should write a summary, or an outline, of the project to be reported and the results achieved. Then an introduction follows. This includes background information and purpose of the project. Next comes discussion. In this part, what has been done, how it has been done and the results achieved should be dealt with. At the fourth step, you have two choices: one is the conclusion if the project is completed. The other is the future plan if the project is still in progress. At last, a summary should be prepared. In this part, you should give a brief summing-up, plus a question-and-answer period. Speaking Notes Preparation Words to be written:in 46 letters Means of developing information: using a number of 47______ Steps of making speaking notes: 1)work out an outline 2)write 48 3) deal with the subject 4)draw 49 at the end of the project, or make a 50 if the project is not finished 5)give a summary Task 4 A ...................................................... Networked computer stations; dial-in access B .............................................................................. Campus-wide area network C ................................................... Computers and a laser printer in each classroom D ......................................................... private directories for all students and staff E .............................................................................. Mail for staff and students F .................................................................. interactive distance learning stations G .............................................................................. instructional media center H .......................................................................................... student stations I ..................................... Resources accessible campus-wide via fiber optic network L ................................................................................. Qn-line research services K ........................................................................ student-run stereo radio station L ........................................................................... Telephone in every classroom M .................................................................................... Voice mail for all staff N ............................................. Electronic Bulletin Board available around the clock O ....................................................................................... T-l Internet Access Examples:(D)师生员工个人目录 (L)教室配备电话
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51.( 52.( 53.( 54.( 55.(

)校园网络 )教室配备电脑和打印机 )学生立体声广播站 )教工语音信箱 )计算机网站;拨号上网

( ( ( ( (

)交互式远程教育站 )在线科研服务 )全天候电子公告板 )多媒体教学中心 )学生网站

Task 5 The rules for writing an abstract (摘要) are almost the same to those for writing the summary of an investigation report. In an abstract you (1) make an outline of the problem and the purpose of your investigation, (2)mention very briefly how you conducted the investigation or tests, (3) describe your main findings, and (4)make the conclusions. All this must be done in as few words as possible: ideally, your abstract will be about 125 words long and never more than 250 words. From the abstract, readers must be able to decide whether the information you provide in the scientific paper or report is particularly interesting to them and whether they should read further. Because a scientific paper is written for readers who generally are familiar with your technical or scientific discipline (学科), you may use technical terminology (术语)in the abstract. The abstract should be written last, when the whole paper has been written, so that you can make an abstract of the brief details you need from what you have already written. 56. How will you write an abstract? You should write it in as _____ as possible. 57. What should be described in the abstract? Our___________. 58. What are the readers likely to do if they find the abstract interesting? The readers are likely to _____. 59. Why can you use technical terminology in the abstract? Because your readers are usually _____ your scientific discipline. 60. When should you write the abstract? After you have finished _____. Part IV Translation (25 minutes) 61.Computer data bases and electronic mail systems have been around since the late 1970s. A)计算机数据库和电子邮件自 20 世纪 70 年代末,便无处不在了。 B)20 世纪 70 年代后期以来,计算机数据库和电子邮件系统已被广泛使用。 C)20 世纪 70 年代末,计算机数据基础和电子邮递系统就已经在大家周围了。 D)在 20 世纪 70 年代后期,计算机数据库和电子邮件已普及了。 62.Some 1.2 million small firms have opened their doors over the past six years of economic growth. A)有 120 万个小公司在过去六年中随着经济增长相继成立。 B)大约有 120 万个小公司相继出现了,超过了过去六年的经济增长。 C)在过去经济增长的六年中,有大约 120 万家小公司开张营业。 D)在过去六年的经济增长中,大约有 120 万个小公司已经在建立起来。 63.Will you need an experienced desk clerk for your hotel next summer?
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A)来年夏季您是否有经验为您旅馆设一名办公室经理? B)您旅馆下一个夏季想找一名有经历的前台领班吗? C)来年夏季你旅馆是否有经验想招收一名前台服务员? D)不知贵旅馆明年夏天是否需要一名有经验的前台服务员? 64.If you are buying a car,you may pay for it out of savings. A)假使你正在买一辆汽车,你也许会透支购买。 B)如果你要买一辆汽车,你可以用自己的储蓄存款支付。 C)假定你打算买一辆汽车,你得花掉你的全部存款。 D)假如你买一辆汽车,你需要用你的积蓄交此款。 65.It has been more than six months since we had the opportunity to serve your car,and we’ve missed you.So,we are inviting you to bring your car into Our shop for a free inspection and adjustment.We hope that you will accept our offer.We have set aside the hours between 8:00 a.m.and 1:00 P.m. ,Monday though Friday for your convenience. Part V Writing (15 minutes) 征稿启事 “英语角”在大学生专刊上刊发后,受到广大英语读者的广泛关注和欢迎。为刊发更多更 好的优秀英文作品,我们特向社会各界征集稿件。我们欢迎大学生、广大英语学习者、外 国留学生及外国朋友们踊跃投稿。 1.一则简短的故事; 2.发生在你身边的趣事。 文章字数不要超过 500 字。 来稿请寄:北海市新民大街 10 号北海晚报王平收 邮编:230034 电子邮件:Monnica@public.CC.cngd.com Words for reference:各界 all walks of life

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