宜昌市第一中学 2018 年春季学期高一年级期末考试 英语试题
考试时间：120 分钟 满分：150 分 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. 音频 Where does the woman want to go? B. To Liverpool. C. To London.
A. To Oxford. 【答案】A 【解析】 【分析】
M: Let me see your ticket. Umm … This ticket is for Oxford. W: Yes, that’s right. M: But this train doesn’t go to Oxford. It goes to Liverpool. W: Oh no! Then I’ll have to get off and change at London. 【详解】本题为听力题，解析略。 2. A. 2. 【答案】B 【解析】 【分析】 W: Hi, Luke. Pad and I are going to watch the tennis game this evening. Do you want to come? M: Great! I know Thomas really enjoys watching tennis. Can he join us? W: Well, I’m afraid I don’t have an extra ticket for him. 小学+初中+高中 音频 How many people will go to the tennis game? B. 3. C. 4.
小学+初中+高中 【详解】本题为听力题，解析略。 3. 音频 What does the woman ask the boy to do after school?
A. Put away his school bag. B. Move the kitchen table. C. Hang up his coat. 【答案】A 【解析】 【分析】 M: Mum, have you seen my school bag? W: It’s hanging up here, with the coats. I moved it because it was on the kitchen table. Tom, remember to leave it in the living room when you come home from school. Then it won’t be in my way. 【详解】本题为听力题，解析略。 4. 音频 What do we know about Linda Rivera?
A. She went traveling. B. She started a company. C. She was fired. 【答案】B 【解析】 【分析】 M: I haven’t seen Linda Rivera for a long time. Has she been away on a holiday? W: Oh, you haven’t heard. She set up her own travel agency. 【详解】本题为听力题，解析略。 5. 音频 What does the man mean?
A. He prefers cold weather. B. He has had a difficult week. C. The temperature was good last week. 【答案】C 【解析】 【分析】 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 W: I can’t believe how hot it is here today. M: If you think this is bad, you should have been here last week. 【详解】本题为听力题，解析略。 第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段较长对话，回答以下小题。 音频
6. How will the man choose the music finally? A. By letting a person decide on it. B. By asking people for their advice. C. By allowing everyone to bring a piece. 7. What is the woman going to do? A. Help prepare for the party. B. Tell the man a phone number. C. Ask Sonia for some information. 【答案】6. A 【解析】 W: Have you chosen the music for the party yet? M: I was going to just let people bring their own. W: Oh, I don’t think you should do that. One person needs to be in charge otherwise people will start disagreeing. Sonia’s really good at music. You could ask her. M: OK, have you got her number? W: Yeah, it’s on my mobile. I’ll text it to you. 【6 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【7 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 听下面一段较长对话，回答以下小题。 8. What will the woman do first? 小学+初中+高中 音频 7. B
小学+初中+高中 A. Wash a car. B. Go shopping. C. Do her homework.
9. When does the conversation take place? A. On Friday. 【答案】8. A 【解析】 M: Tracey, I want some new shoes for the party tonight. Shall we go and buy some later? W: OK, but I promised to help my granddad wash his car today. M: Why don’t you do that immediately? We’ll go as soon as you’re finished. W: OK. And I suppose I can do my homework when we get back. I’m surely doing that before we go to the party — I don’t want to do it tomorrow! M: Yeah, I don’t like doing it till the last day of the weekend, either. So I finished all my homework after school yesterday. 【8 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【9 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 听下面一段较长对话，回答以下小题。 音频 B. On Saturday. 9. B C. On Sunday.
10. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Colleagues. B. Schoolmates. C. Brother and sister.
11. What does the woman think of the show? A. Inspiring. B. Unusual. C. Cool.
12. Which part did the woman like best about the show? A. Designer wear. 【答案】10. B 【解析】 M: That was a cool exhibition. W: I knew you’d like it! I believe it’ll help us with our school cloth project. I’ve got lots of ideas now. M: I was really interested in the designer wear section. It’s totally special. W: Yes, it’d be great to wear something so special. But what impressed me most was 小学+初中+高中 B. Clothes recycling. 12. B C. Live models.
小学+初中+高中 the part that showed you how to recycle clothes. M: Yeah, but I can’t see myself wearing any of my dad’s old things just now! I didn’t expect the show to be so interesting. W: I enjoyed seeing the live models, though I’m not sure whether it lived up to my expectations. 【10 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【11 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【12 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 听下面一段较长对话，回答以下小题。 音频
13. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. French music. B. French clothes. C. French teens.
14. What does Veronique like to do in her spare time? A. Collect albums. B. Visit music stores. C. Enjoy French songs.
15. What does Veronique usually have for lunch? A. Hamburgers. B. Sandwiches. C. Chips.
16. Why does Veronique like the silver jacket? A. It’s up-to-date. 【答案】13. C 【解析】 M: Veronique, when you are not studying, what do you like to do? W: I like listening to music by French singers. Go into any French music store, and you’ll find the top 10 albums by US, German and English artists. It’s good to have variety, but I love French music. M: Do French teens like fast food, you know, hamburgers, chips, and things like those? W: Well, we don’t really like that. We usually have quick breakfast, sandwiches at lunch and a family dinner at around 8 to 8:30 in the evening. The younger teenagers like to eat hamburgers at McDonald’s. 小学+初中+高中 14. C B. It’s classic and lovely. 15. B 16. C C. It’s unique
小学+初中+高中 M: Paris is well known for popular clothes, so I’m sure it offers French teens the most up-to-date clothes to choose from. W: Exactly. I like to wear clothes by Agnes B, a popular French designer. I think Agnes B clothes are kind of classic, but they can also be very lovely. One of my favorites is a silver jacket because it came from one of the shows and most importantly there is no other like it. 【13 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【14 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【15 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【16 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 听下面一段独白，回答以下小题。 音频
17. What is being held in the new sports stadium? A. A match. B. A concert. C. A meeting.
18. What is the disadvantage of the City Theatre? A. It has limited space. doesn’t work. 19. Which place is normally out of the route of the Cititours bus? A. Victoria Park. B. The City Theatre. C. The Market Place. B. It’s too old to look good. C. Its air-conditioning
20. What does the speaker recommend visitors do in the end? A. See animals in the city centre. B. Go to the High Street. C. Visit some shops. 【答案】17. C 【解析】 W: Welcome everybody to this Cititours bus. I hope you’re having a good time here in the West of England. Our tours usually last about one hour. 小学+初中+高中 18. A 19. A 20. C
小学+初中+高中 The bus is now turning into Queens Road. From this road we can see a very modern building. This is the town’s new sports stadium. All the big matches happen there but at the moment, an international company is using it for a conference. Now look to your left. We’re now passing the City Theatre. This building is one hundred years old. It’s very pretty, as you see, but it doesn’t have enough seats for big shows. We’ve got a new entertainment centre in Victoria Park. We don’t pass it on the bus, but you may be interested to know it’s got a cinema and a concert hall. Most people prefer it because it’s got air-conditioning. Now, on your right, is the High Street. This Cititours bus normally goes along the High Street into the Market Place. But at the moment some musicians are practicing for an outdoor concert there. We’re driving round a different route because the roads into the Market Place are closed. The market was an important local trade centre until about 1970. Farmers bought and sold their cows and sheep there. However, we don’t see animals in the city centre these days. The market area’s got some good shops. Why don’t you have a walk round there later on? 【17 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【18 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【19 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 【20 题详解】 本题为听力题，解析略。 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A Earth Day Photo Contest Is a picture worth a thousand words? We think so! Snap（拍摄）a digital photograph 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 that answers this question: Why is Earth Day important to our planet? Get details below. ●HOW TO ENTER: This contest begins on January 18, 2016 and ends on March 21, 2016. To enter online, visit timeforkids.com/photocontest and follow instructions to give the following information: (a) an original and previously unpublished photograph that answers the Earth Day question “Why is Earth Day important to our planet?” and that was photographed by the entrant（参赛者）between March 1, 2015, and March 21, 2016; photographs must be 300 dpi and 5 x 7 inches, and saved as a JPEG file; file sizes may not be more than 10 MB; (b) a caption（说明文字）describing the picture, what is happening, where the photo was taken, the date the photo was taken and why entrant chose to enter this image; (c) Entrant’s name; entrant’s e-mail address; and parent’s, or teacher’s e-mail address. Limit one entry per person. ● JUDGING: All entries will be judged by our magazine staff based on the following standards: creativity & originality (50%); photo composition (25%); and appropriateness to contest theme (25%). Winners will be told by e-mail, and must respond within five days. ●ELIGIBILITY（资格）: Open to residents of the 50 United States and the District of Columbia who are elementary school students aged 8–13 years. ●PRIZES: Judges will select 10 Semifinalists, from which one Grand-Prize Winner and nine Finalists will be chosen. The Grand-Prize Winner will receive a digital camera; approximate retail value: $300.00. The photograph entry of the Grand-Prize Winner will be published in the April 15 Earth Day issue of TFK. Other winners will receive an MP4 player and a copy of our magazine. The photograph entries of all Semifinalists will be published in the gallery of timeforkids.com. 21. The entrant must give the following information EXCEPT________. A. an original photograph C. a photo caption 小学+初中+高中 B. a published photograph
D. the entrant’s e-mail address
小学+初中+高中 22. Which of the following is considered to be the most important evaluation standard? A. Creativity& originality. C. Photography technique. B. Photo composition. D. Appropriateness to contest theme.
23. What prize will the Grand-Prize Winner receive? A. An MP4 player. C. A digital camera. 【答案】21. B 【解析】 【分析】 本文是有关地球日摄影比赛的海报，涉及参赛时间，资格，如何参赛，评分和奖项设置。 【21 题详解】 细节理解题。根据 HOW TO ENTER: 中 to give the following information: (a) an original and previously unpublished photograph……(b) a caption（说明文字）describing the picture, (c) Entrant’s name; entrant’s e-mail address; and parent’s, or teacher’s e-mail address.可知参赛需要提交的东西，必须是原创以前未发表的照片，B 项错误。故选 B. 【22 题详解】 细节理解题。根据 JUDGING: All entries will be judged by our magazine staff based on the following standards: creativity & originality (50%); photo composition (25%); and appropriateness to contest theme (25%).可知评判标准中占比最多的是 creativity & originality，故选 A. 【23 题详解】 细节理解题。根据 PRIZES 中 The Grand-Prize Winner will receive a digital camera; approximate retail value: $300.00.可知特等奖的奖品是一个价值$300.00 的数码相机。故 选 C. 【点睛】细节理解题具体方法与步骤如下： 1.略读材料，大概了解原文，掌握中心或主旨。本文是有关地球日摄影比赛的海报，涉及参 赛时间，资格，如何参赛，评分和奖项设置。 2.按文章的体裁，作者写作的组织模式及有关的信息词。如 for example, first, second… 等预测应该到何处寻找自己所需要的事实。 小学+初中+高中 22. A B. A copy of magazine. D. A cheque of $300.00. 23. C
小学+初中+高中 3.将精力放在寻找你所需要的细节上。快速通篇跳读，全文扫视，找到细节出处，待找到含 细节句子时，放慢速度，仔细核对比较内容，直至找到答案。如小题 1 考查参赛要求，根据 HOW TO ENTER: 中 to give the following information: (a) an original and previously unpublished photograph……(b) a caption（说明文字）describing the picture, (c) Entrant’s name; entrant’s e-mail address; and parent’s, or teacher’s e-mail address.可知参赛需要提交的东西，必须是原创以前未发表的照片，B 项错误。小题 2 根据 JUDGING: All entries will be judged by our magazine staff based on the following standards: creativity & originality (50%); photo composition (25%); and appropriateness to contest theme (25%).可知评判标准中占比最多的是 creativity & originality. 小题 3 根据 PRIZES 中 The Grand-Prize Winner will receive a digital camera; approximate retail value: $300.00.可知特等奖的奖品是一个价值$300.00 的数码相机。 B “Clothes Swapping” has become an increasingly popular activity for women in the United States. The women can give away unwanted clothing at a clothes swap event and get something different in return. Recently about 300 women went to a clothes swap at a high school in Springfield, Virginia. It was the largest crowd ever for the area’s popular clothing-swapping group. Daphne Steinberg was having a good day. “For anyone who knows Ann Taylor LOFT, Ann Taylor is a really nice women’s designer and I will totally wear this to work. So I love that, I love that I can equip myself for work, have a good time in doing it, not totally make myself very poor.” Sandy Van Dusen likes the idea that clothes are finding new homes instead of being thrown away. “Because it helps to keep the Earth green. There’s no point in my opinion in continuing to buy new clothes when we can reuse what’s already here. Give it a new home--- let somebody else love what you used to love and no longer love.” Kim Pratt organized the clothing-swapping event in Springfield. She also organized a money-raising activity for the high school’s debate team. It is one of several ways that her group gives to charitable causes. Another is by donating all of the “un-swapped” clothing to shelters for victims of domestic violence. 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 “I started doing this four years ago, and we’ve been doing it for four years, getting bigger and bigger each time we have a swap.” She used the social media website meetup.com to help publicize the events. The website has helped her group grow from 30 members to 1,300. Mrs.Pratt says most of the members respect the clothing swap rules. But she says competition for desirable fashion can be strong. “We have to tell people sometimes not to hover over the new people coming in with their clothing. As they put it out, some people tend to grab（抓住）the stuff right out of their hands and it becomes like a free-for-all. We try to avoid that as much as possible.” 24. At a clothes swap women can ______. A. make some money by giving away unwanted clothing B. buy whatever clothing they like C. have a social gathering and make friends D. exchange unwanted clothing for something different 25. We can learn from what Daphne Steinberg said that ______. A. she got some nice clothes at the clothes swap B. the clothes swap was the largest ever in the area C. it was the first time she had been to a clothes swap D. she saved much more money than she had expected 26. What is Paragraph 5 mainly about? A. How Kim Pratt started the clothing-swapping event. B. What Kim Pratt did with the un-swapped clothes. C. How Kim Pratt raised money to help charitable causes. D. What Kim Pratt did to help people in need. 27. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ______ . A. clothes swaps often go out of control in the end B. clothes-swapping is becoming increasingly popular with women C. Improper behavior at clothes swaps needs to be controlled D. more clothing swapping events need to be organized 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 【答案】24. D 【解析】 本文介绍在美国“服装交换”已成为越来越受妇女欢迎的活动。 【24 题详解】 D 细节理解题。根据第一段第二句 The women can give away unwanted clothing at a clothes swap event and get something different in return.可知在一个女士衣服交换店女士用不 想要的衣服来交换不同的东西。故选 D。 【25 题详解】 A 推理判断题。根据第三段中“For anyone who knows Ann Taylor LOFT, Ann Taylor is a really nice women’s designer and I will totally wear this to work. So I love that, I love that I can equip myself for work, have a good time in doing it, not totally bankrupt myself.”可知根据 Daphne Steinberg 说的得知她在交换衣服时买了一些漂亮的衣服。 故选 A。 【26 题详解】 D 段落大意题。根据第五段 It is one of several ways that her group gives to charitable causes. Another is by donating all of the “un-swapped” clothing to shelters for victims of domestic violence.可知第五段讨论的是 Kim Pratt 为帮助有困难的人所做的事。 故选 D。 【27 题详解】 C 推理判断题。根据最后一段中 As they put it out, some people tend to grab the stuff right out of their hands and it becomes like a free-for-all. We try to avoid that as much as possible.”可知服装互换的不当行为需要控制。故选 C。 【名师点睛】 做推理判断题时，对于暗含在文章中的人物的行为动机、事件的因果关系及作者未言明的倾 向、意图、态度、观点等要进行合乎逻辑的判断、推理、分析，进一步增强理解能力，抓住 材料实质性的东西。本题第 4 小题，根据最后一段中 As they put it out, some people tend to grab the stuff right out of their hands and it becomes like a free-for-all. We 小学+初中+高中 25. A 26. D 27. C
小学+初中+高中 try to avoid that as much as possible.”可知服装互换的不当行为需要控制。故选 C。 C Recently, online high schools in America have caused a debate about whether or not taxpayers’ money should be used to support online education. Online schools receive the same amount of funding as all other public schools, even though they don’t have to pay for rent or school equipment. States should use their educational funds to improve education at real schools, not to support online programs. Some students only use online classes to supplement（补充）their school work. They benefit from the social experience of a traditional high school, while still taking online courses. However, about 90 thousand students in America receive their education only from online schools. 50 thousand of these students take courses at Florida Virtual School, the largest online school in the country. While this method of schooling helps students who live in remote regions, most school systems are upset that they are losing more students each year to these online programs. Although online learning allows children to work at their own pace, these online schools have only one teacher per several hundred students. Often, teachers can’t give struggling students the help they need as they are unable to talk face-to-face with them, to find exactly what they’re having difficulty with. Additionally, even though online schooling accommodates（顾及）students who live in more remote states, students in online programs may suffer in social situations because they will not learn valuable communication skills from their schooling. Similar to students who are home schooled, those who take only online classes won’t learn social etiquette（礼节）, and will be treated differently by their peers. Online schooling might be useful for places where there are not enough students for a real school, such as agricultural regions, but states should only spend taxpayers’ money on online schools in extreme cases. 28. What is the passage mainly about? A. Whether students should study at online schools. B. Whether online schools should be allowed to exist. 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 C. Whether taxpayers should pay for online schools. D. Whether traditional schools should be replaced. 29. According to the passage, online schooling _____. A. is helpful to students living in remote regions B. allows students to work together C. makes it possible for students to get immediate help D. develops students’ critical thinking 30. According to Paragraph 5, the author worries that students at online schools _____. A. might lose interest in learning B. would play online games C. could not receive teachers’ help D. could not become fully developed 31. What is the author’s attitude? A. Taxpayers should not pay for online schools at all. B. Taxpayers should pay more for online schools than real schools. C. Taxpayers’ money should be spent on online schools conditionally. D. Taxpayers should support online schools in different ways. 【答案】28. C 【解析】 本文主要是讨论纳税人的钱是否应该用于支持在线教育，作者列举了在线教育的现状和自己 的观点。 【28 题详解】 推理判断题。根据文章开头 Recently, online high schools in America have caused a debate about whether or not taxpayers’ money should be used to support online education. 和下面的论述可知本文主要是讨论纳税人的钱是否应该用于支持在线教育，故选 C. 【29 题详解】 细节理解题。 根据第三段 While this method of schooling helps students who live in remote regions,第五段 online schooling accommodates（顾及）students who live in more remote states,可知在线学校对居住在偏远地区的学生有帮助，故选 A. 【30 题详解】 小学+初中+高中 29. A 30. D 31. C
小学+初中+高中 推理判断题。根据第五段 students in online programs may suffer in social situations because they will not learn valuable communication skills from their schooling.可 知参加网络课程的学生可能会在社交场合遇到困难，因为他们无法从学校学到有价值的沟通 技巧。作者担心他们不能得到全面发展，故选 D. 【31 题详解】 推理判断题。根据文章最后……but states should only spend taxpayers’ money on online schools in extreme cases.可知作者认为只有在极端情况下，各州才能把纳税人的钱花在在 线学校上，是有条件限制的。故选 C. D Let's do some sleep math. You lost two hours of sleep every night last week because of a big project due on Friday. On Saturday and Sunday, you slept in, getting four extra hours. On Monday morning, you were feeling so bright-eyed, and you only had one cup of coffee, instead of your usual two. But don't be cheated by your energy: You're still carrying around a heavy load of sleepiness, or what experts call "sleep debt" -- in this case something like six hours, almost a full night's sleep. Sleep debt is the difference between the amount of sleep you should be getting and the amount you actually get. It's a deficit (赤字) that grows every time we skim some extra minutes off our nightly sleep. "People accumulate（积累）sleep debt gradually without being noticed," says psychiatrist William C. Dement, founder of the Stanford University Sleep Research Centre. Studies show that such short-term lack of sleep leads to a foggy brain, worsened vision, and trouble remembering. Long-term effects include obesity and heart disease. A survey by the National Sleep Foundation reports that we're losing one hour of sleep each night -- more than two full weeks of sleep each year. The good news is that, like all debts, with some work, sleep debt can be repaid. Adding an extra hour or two of sleep a night is the way to catch up on sleep debt. For the long-term lack of sleep, take it easy for a few months to get back into a natural sleep pattern. Go to bed when you are tired, and allow your body to wake you in the morning (no alarm clock allowed). You may find yourself catatonic (有紧张 感的) in the beginning of the recovery cycle: Expect to have ten hours' shut-eye per 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 night. As the days pass, however, the amount of sleeping time will gradually decrease. So earn back that lost sleep -- and follow the orders of your inner sleep needs, and you'll feel better. "When you put away sleep debt, you become superman," says Stanford's Dement, talking about the improved mental and physical abilities that come with being well rested. 32. The example of sleep math is used to show A. in what case you build up a sleep debt B. why you need six hours' sleep every night C. why you are full of energy even when lacking sleep D. in what case you should drink coffee to keep energetic 33. The author begins Paragraph 2 with A. an example B. a definition（定义） . C. an argument D. a discussion . .
34. By saying the underlined sentence in the last paragraph, Dement means A. you can get enough sleep with the superman’s help B. you can achieve your goals with a sleep debt C. you will be in a good state with enough sleep D. you will be clever if you accumulate sleep debt 35. What might be the most suitable title for the text? A. How Can You Keep Energetic? C. What Is Sleep Debt? 【答案】32. A 【解析】 【分析】 33. B B. Can You Have a Good Sleep?
D. Can You Catch up on Sleep Debt? 34. C 35. D
文章主要介绍了我们是如何积累自己的睡眠债务的，以及长期这样下去对身体造成的影响。 【32 题详解】 推理判断题。通过第一段给我们算睡眠的账，目的是简明形象地告诉我们是如何积累自己的 睡眠债务的。故选 A. 【33 题详解】 推理判断题。根据第二段开头 Sleep debt is the difference between the amount of sleep you should be getting and the amount you actually get.可知告诉了我们睡眠债是你应 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 该得到的睡眠量和你实际得到的睡眠量之间的差额，这是睡眠债的定义，所以是采用了下定 义的方法。故选 B. 【34 题详解】 推理判断题。最后一段划线句子是指“当你摆脱了睡眠债，你就成了超人”，也就是说如果 你睡眠充足了，就会状态很好。故选 C. 【35 题详解】 主旨大意题。文章主要介绍了我们是如何积累自己的睡眠债务的，以及长期这样下去对身体 造成的影响。D 项：Can You Catch up on Sleep Debt? 你能补上睡眠债吗?说明了睡眠债的 危害，给我们敲响了警钟。适合作为本文标题，故选 D. 【点睛】概括主旨的方法是：先看首尾或各段开头再看全文找主题句，若无明显主题句，就 通过关键词句来概括(如议论文中寻找表达作者观点态度的词句，记叙文寻找概括情节和中心 的动词或反映人物特点的形容词)。本文主要介绍了我们是如何积累自己的睡眠债务的，以及 长期这样下去对身体造成的影响。D 项：Can You Catch up on Sleep Debt? 你能补上睡眠债 吗?说明了睡眠债的危害，给我们敲响了警钟。适合作为本文标题，概括了全文内容。 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to help a wheelchair user into a chair If you’re looking after someone who uses a wheelchair, knowing the correct way to help him into and out of his chair can be quite important. ___36___ So it’s necessary to understand how to lend a hand safely before you attempt to do so. 1.Prepare a chair It’s important to make sure that the chair is ready for the person to sit in before you begin to move him. Never try to adjust（调整）the chair when you’re already bearing a person’s weight. Instead, make sure that the wheelchair is in the right position before you start. ___37___ 2.Lift safely Before you can help a wheelchair user into a chair, you need to know several things as well as the correct way to lift the chair user. Make sure you know how heavy your friend or family member is, and that you’re strong enough to lift him to sit safely in the chair. ____38____ Your clothing and footwear is also important. Make sure there 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 is nothing you’re wearing that could catch. 3.___39___ Lower your friend and family member into the wheelchair slowly and steadily, making sure they are fully seated in the chair. If they are able to stand and lower themselves into the chair, stand behind it and hold on to the handles to make sure it doesn’t move. ____40____ Before moving the wheelchair, ask them to place their hands in their lap or more importantly, away from the wheels so that they can feel comfortable. Above all, check that the person you are helping is calm and relaxed, and happy to receive help. A. Make them comfortable. B. Remember to leave wheelchair behind. C. Not knowing the right ways can lead to injury to the wheelchair user. D. Make sure you can have a free talk with the wheelchair user. E. You should be in an area with no obstacles（障碍物）in the way. F. Most importantly, make sure the wheelchair is not likely to move. G. Once they are seated, swing the footrests back into place, minding their legs. 【答案】36. C 38. E 40. G 【解析】 文章介绍了如何正确使用轮椅需要考虑和注意的事项。 【36 题详解】 上句讲述了学会使用轮椅的重要性，下句：因此，在你尝试这样做之前，有必要了解如何安 全地伸出援助之手。C 项：不知道正确的方法会导致轮椅使用者受伤。连接上下句，故选 C. 【37 题详解】 本段讲述轮椅的准备工作，建议我们在开始之前，要确保轮椅处于正确的位置。F 项：最重要 的是，确保轮椅不太可能移动。符合本段内容，是对上句的进一步说明。故选 F. 【38 题详解】 本段介绍坐轮椅之前需要弄明白的几件事，要明白坐轮椅者的体重和自己能承受的重力，要 小学+初中+高中 39. A 37. F
小学+初中+高中 确保你的穿戴不被挂住等。E 项：你应该在没有障碍物挡道的地方，与上下句并列，都是注意 事项。故选 E. 【39 题详解】 本段主要介绍如何让坐轮椅者坐稳，如何让他们坐得舒服。A 项 Make them comfortable.概 括了本段内容，适合作为本段标题。故选 A. 【40 题详解】 上文介绍怎样把轮椅使用者放入轮椅，下句介绍移动轮椅前需要注意的地方。G 项：一旦他们 坐好了，把脚放在合适的位置，注意他们的腿。是上下句的中间步骤，故选 G. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 As the teacher pronounced my name, I knew what lay ahead. She called me to the whiteboard to ___41___ a long division（除法）problem. Math was my ___42___ subject. When doing a long division problem, I always repeatedly put the numbers in the ___43___ places, ___44___ forgot to add in the zeros. As I ___45___the whiteboard, I looked at the blonde-haired girl next to me, trying to ___46___ what she was writing. ___47___I tried my best, she went faster than I could understand. Impossible to understand. Why me? Why couldn’t I wrap my mind around this strange concept that all the other kids understood? Why, even when I ___48___ my hardest to deal with the division problems? Why? Why? I ____49____ salty tears and wrote some numbers randomly（随便地）on the board. The teacher read over our answers silently. “Now, class, Susie did this problem absolutely correctly.” “As for Tara,” the teacher said, ____50____ her eyes, “Gosh, I don't ___51___ know what she did.” The class burst into ___52___, and I felt my face ____53____ red as I tried to sink as low as possible into my seat, in hopes of ____54____ them from seeing me at 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 all. But this ____55____ from middle school is one I remember, surprisingly, in a ____56____ way. This experience made me feel unimportant.____57____it made me stronger, and gave me ____58____. When I get a ____59____ grade in school, or am put down by somebody, I think of that moment and every single one of those whys that I asked myself, which gives me the willingness to ____60____ all of those whys and continue until perfection, or as close as I can get. 41. A. perform 42. A. favorite 43. A. wrong 44. A. nor 45. A. moved 46. A. guess 47. A. If B. find C. dash D. examine C. worst D. entertaining
B. respectful B. proper
C. direct C. or
D. important D. besides D. returned D. copy D. Because D. tried D. cut back D. inspiring
B. therefore B. approached B. imagine B. Unless
C. used C. think
48. A. suggested 49. A. gave back 50. A. rolling 51. A. even 52. A. anger 53. A. grew 54. A. letting 55. A. tip
B. went back B. skimming
C. held back C. representing D. suddenly
B. never B. laughter B. made
D. turned C. preventing D. memory D. disturbing D. asking
56. A. positive 57. A. Or B. And
B. uncertain C. So
C. false D. Yet
58. A. determination 59. A. big 60. A. get 【答案】41. A C 59. B 50. A B. bad B. answer 42. C 51. A
B. explanation C. high C. look 43. A 52. B
D. good D. find 44. C 53. D 45. B 54. C 46. D 55. D 47. C 56. A 48. D 57. D 49. 58. A
小学+初中+高中 【解析】 【分析】 本文是一篇故事。作者不会做除法题，老师让去前面做题时作者就胡乱写了答案，引来了同 学们的嘲笑。这件事让作者学会了坚持去寻找答案，直到完美。 【41 题详解】 考查动词辨析。 A. perform 完成，执行；B. find 查找；C. dash 猛撞；D. examine 检查。 此处指老师让我去完成一道长的除法题，故选 A. 【42 题详解】 考查形容词辨析。 A. favorite 喜欢的； B. respectful 恭敬的； C. worst 最差的； D. entertaining 令人愉快的。根据下句 I always repeatedly put the numbers in the ___3___ places, ___4___ forgot to add in the zeros.可知我做除法题时总是把数字放错地方，或 忘记加零。由此可知我数学不好，是最差的科目。故选 C. 【43 题详解】 考查形容词辨析。A. wrong 错误的；B. proper 适当的；C. direct 直接的；D. important 重要的。此处指我做除法题时总是把数字放错地方，故选 A. 【44 题详解】 考查连词辨析。A. nor 也不；B. therefore 因此；C. or 或者；D. besides 此外。根据句 意可知我做除法题时总是把数字放错地方，或者忘记加零。两者是选择关系，故选 C. 【45 题详解】 考查形容词辨析。A. moved 感动的；B. approached 接近的；C. used 习惯的；D. returned 回国的。与上文 She called me to the whiteboard 呼应，指当我接近白板时，故选 B. 【46 题详解】 考查动词辨析。A. guess 猜测；B. imagine 想象；C. think 认为；D. copy 复制，抄袭。此 处指我想抄袭旁边女孩的答案，故选 D. 【47 题详解】 考查连词辨析。A. If 如果；B. Unless 除非；C. Though 虽然；D. Because 因为。尽管我 尽力最大努力想抄袭旁边女孩的答案，但她很快跑了。前后句表示转折，故选 C. 【48 题详解】 考查动词辨析。A. suggested 建议；B. asked 问；C. admitted 承认；D. tried 尝试，努力。 此处指即使我尽最大努力解决除法问题，为什么我还学不会？表示“尽力”，故选 D. 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 【49 题详解】 考查词组辨析。A. gave back 归还； B. went back 回去；C. held back 抑制，阻止；D. cut back 削减。此处指我抑制住泪水，随便写出了几个数字。指强忍泪水，故选 C. 【50 题详解】 考查动词辨析。A. rolling 旋转；B. skimming 撇去；C. representing 代表；D. inspiring 鼓舞。此处指老师转了一下眼珠，表示与前面情况对比，对我做出的答案的否定。故选 A. 【51 题详解】 考查副词辨析。A. even 甚至；B. never 决不；C. hardly 几乎不；D. suddenly 突然地。老 师认为甚至不知道我写的是什么，表示加强语气，故选 A. 【52 题详解】 考查名词辨析。A. anger 怒；B. laughter 笑；C. cheering 欢呼；D. enjoyment 享受。看 到我写的答案，听到老师的评论，同学们哄堂大笑。故选 B. 【53 题详解】 考查动词辨析。A. grew 成长；B. made 做；C. changed 改变；D. turned 变成。全班同学都 笑我，所以我脸变红了。故选 D. 【54 题详解】 考查名词辨析。A. letting 出租；B. remembering 回忆；C. preventing 阻止；D. asking 请求。我红着脸赶紧坐回座位，尽可能坐低，希望同学们看不见我。prevent sb. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事，故选 【55 题详解】 考查名词辨析。A. tip 小费；B. problem 问题；C. promise 许诺；D. memory 记忆。这个中 学时的记忆是我记着的一个记忆，故选 D. 【56 题详解】 考查形容词辨析。 A. positive 积极的； B. uncertain 无常的； C. false 错误的； D. disturbing 令人不安的。这次记忆我不会做除法题，还遭到同学们嘲笑。根据 surprisingly 表示转折， 可知出人意料的是我用 一种积极的方式记着这件事。故选 A. 【57 题详解】 考查连词辨析。A. Or 或；B. And 和；C. So 所以；D. Yet 但是。这次经历让我觉得自己无 足轻重，但是它让我变得更强。前后句是转折关系，故选 D. 【58 题详解】 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 考查名词辨析。A. determination 决心；B. explanation 说明；C. occupation 事务；D. production 成果。 这次经历让我变得更强， 给了我决心。 文章最后 continue until perfection, or as close as I can get.给了提示，决心让我坚持到完美。故选 A. 【59 题详解】 考查形容词辨析。A. big 大的；B. bad 坏的；C. high 高的；D. good 好的。和上文做除法 题相比，指进入高年级。故选 B. 【60 题详解】 考查动词辨析。A. get 获得；B. answer 回答；C. look 看；D. find 寻找。根据 those whys that I asked myself 可知是给我以前问自己的那些为什么，我愿意回答所有这些问题，一直 持续到完美，或者尽可能接近完美。故选 B. 【点睛】完形填空的解题技巧之一就是要根据上下文来学会“推理”出最佳选项。同学们要 遵循“上下求索”的原则来查找信息。例如，小题 2 根据下句 I always repeatedly put the numbers in the ___3___ places, ___4___ forgot to add in the zeros.可知我做除法题 时总是把数字放错地方，或忘记加零。由此可知我数学不好，是最差的科目。故选 worst. 小 题 5 与上文 She called me to the whiteboard 呼应，指当我接近白板时，故选 approached. 小题 18 这次经历让我变得更强，给了我决心。文章最后 continue until perfection, or as close as I can get.给了提示，决心让我坚持到完美。故选 determination. 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 A group of classmates got together to visit their old teacher. These classmates all had good jobs and made lots of money. They talked ____61____ (happy). The teacher asked them the difficulty they had ____62____ (achieve) their dreams. Then their talk soon turned to complaining about the stress in work and life. The teacher went to ____63____ kitchen and came back with a large pot of coffee and many cups----china ones, plastic ones and glass ones. Some are plain looking, some are expensive and some are lovely. The teacher told them to help ____64____ (they)to the coffee. When all the students had a cup of coffee in hand, the teacher said, “Can you notice that all of you took nice-looking expensive cups, leaving ____65____ the plain and cheap ones? You want only the best for yourselves, ____66____ is the source of your problems.” 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 “What all of you really wanted was coffee, not the cup, ____67____ you went for the best cups and then began looking at each other’s cups.” “Now think about this: life is the coffee, and the jobs, money and position in society ____68____ (be) the cups. They are just ____69____ (tool) to hold, and do not change the life. Sometimes, by caring only about the cups, we fail ____70____ (enjoy) the coffee. So don’t let the cups drive you, and enjoy the coffee instead.” 【答案】61. happily 62. achieving 63. the 65. behind 67. but 69. tools 【解析】 这篇文章讲的是一群学生去看望他们的老师时抱怨他们在生活和工作中的压力，老师通过杯 子和咖啡告诉大家要追求生活的本质，不要被外表所迷惑。 【61 题详解】 考查副词。句意：他们聊得很开心。这里用副词 happily 修饰动词 talk。故这里用 happily。 【62 题详解】 考查固定结构。句意：老师问他们实现梦想的过程中遇到的困难。这里考查 have difficulty (in) doing sth.的结构，故这里用 achieving。 【63 题详解】 考查冠词。go to the kitchen 去厨房。故这里用 the。 【64 题详解】 考查反身代词。句意：老师让他们自己倒咖啡。help oneself 自取，自用。这里是让“他们” 自己倒咖啡，故用 themselves。 【65 题详解】 考查固定短语。句意：你们所有人拿的都是漂亮昂贵的杯子，留下了普通便宜的杯子，你们 注意到了吗？leave behind 留下，丢弃，使落后。根据句意可知这里用 behind。 【66 题详解】 考查非限制性定语从句。句意：你们只想要给自己最好的，这就是你们问题的根源。根据句 小学+初中+高中 64. themselves 66. which 68. are 70. to enjoy
小学+初中+高中 意和结构可知，这里构造了非限制性定语从句，用关系代词指代上面的句子，在定语从句中 作主语，故用 which。 【67 题详解】 考查连词。句意：你们真正需要的是咖啡不是杯子，但是你们都去拿了最好的杯子，然后开 始看其他人的杯子。根据句意可知，这里前后句是转折关系，故用 but。 【68 题详解】 考查主谓一致。句意：生活是咖啡，工作，钱和社会地位是杯子。主语是 the jobs, money and position in society，根据主谓一致的原则，可知这里用 are。 【69 题详解】 考查名词的数。句意：它们只是握着的工具，不要改变了生活。根据句意可知，这里用名词 复数形式，故用 tools。 【70 题详解】 考查非谓语动词。 句意： 有时， 因为只关心杯子， 我们没有享受到咖啡。 fail to do 未能 （做） ， 没能（做） 。故这里用 to enjoy。 第四部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 71. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每次错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( )，并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 My neighbour Li Hai is going to graduate college soon and he hasn’t found the job yet. He was once advising to learn computer skills, so he thought it was difficult. When he saw others learning English, he shook his head, said it was too hard to remember new words. He enjoyed watching TV, playing cards, smoking and so on. He felt it was hard for him to give up all these habit. Not long ago, he went to look for a job. When he knew talents were great needed, he sighed and regretted the time when that he had wasted. He told me how he wished he has worked hard in college and asked me 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 not to copy her example. 【答案】第一句:graduate 后加 from。graduate from…“从 毕业”，为固定搭配。 第一句:the 改为 a。泛指“一份工作”，用不定冠词 a。 第二句:advising 改为 advised。he 与 advise 之间为被动关系，故用被动语态。 第二句:so 改为 but。 有人建议他学计算机， “但是”他认为太难了， 前后是转折关系， 用 but 连接。so 表因果关系。 第三句:said 改为 saying。谓语动词是 shook，say 应用非谓语动词形式;he 与 say 之间是主 动关系， 故用现在分词，作伴随状语。 第五句:habit 改为 habits。habit“习惯”是可数名词，其前有 all these 修饰，故用复数 形式。 第七句:great 改为 greatly。作状语，修饰动词 were needed，用副词。 第七句:去掉 when。time 后是定语从句，从句缺少作宾语的引导词，故用 that。when 多余。 第八句:has 改为 had。wish 后的从句要用虚拟语气，此处表示与过去事实相反的情况，故用 过去完 成时。 第八句:her 改为 his。此处表示“不要以他为例子”，物主代词的人称与 Li Hai—致，故用 his。 【解析】 【分析】 本文是一篇故事，邻居李海面临毕业找工作，但不肯吃苦学技能。找工作失败后，后悔自己 当初没好好学习，希望引以为戒。 【详解】1.考查介词。graduate from…“从 毕业”，为固定搭配。故 graduate 后加 from. 2.考查冠词。此处泛指“一份工作”，用不定冠词 a.故 the 改为 a. 3.考查非谓语动词。句中主语 he 与动词 advise 之间为被动关系，用被动语态。指他被建议， 动词用过去分词。故 advising 改为 advised. 4.考查连词。句意：有人建议他学计算机，“但是”他认为太难了。前后是转折关系，用 but 连接，so 表因果关系。故 so 改为 but. 5.考查非谓语动词。句中谓语动词是 shook，say 在句中应用非谓语动词形式。he 与 say 之间 是主动关系， 用现在分词作伴随状语。故 said 改为 saying. 6.考查名词。habit“习惯”是可数名词，其前有 all these 修饰用复数形式。故 habit 改为 habits. 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 7.考查副词。此处作状语，修饰动词 were needed 用副词。故 great 改为 greatly. 8.考查连词。句中名词 time 后是定语从句，从句缺少作宾语的引导词，用 that 引导定语从 句，when 是多余的。故去掉 when. 9.考查动词时态。wish 后的宾语从句用虚拟语气，此处表示与过去事实相反的情况，宾语从 句用过去完成时。故 has 改为 had. 10.考查代词。此处表示“不要以他为例子”，物主代词的人称与 Li Hai—致用 his.故 her 改为 his. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 72. 假如你是李华, 夏天到了，你们学校教室空调温度设定太低，你就此问题给你们学 校校长写一封信，你写信告诉他： 1.教室空调温度设定太低，由此可能带来的问题 2.建议空调温度设定到 26 度，节能环保 注意： 1.词数 100 左右； 2.可以适当添加细节，使行文连贯； 3.已给出的部分不算词数。 Dear Headmaster, ____________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________ Yours Li Hua 【答案】I am Li Hua, a student of Grade One. Over the last few weeks I have become increasing concerned about the air conditioners in our school which are set at a very low temperature. I am writing to offer some suggestions on the use of air conditioners. We students turn on the air conditioners with the hope to have a comfortable environment to study in. However, it is a pity that some students set such a low temperature, leading to a waste of electricity. In addition, too low temperature may 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 cause students’ health problems and thus affect our study. Concerning the problems mentioned above, I suggest the air conditioners should be set at 26 degrees, which is beneficial for both students and our surroundings. I would really appreciate it if my suggestion could be considered. 【解析】 【分析】 本文是一封建议信。夏天到了，学校教室空调温度设定太低，要求就此问题给校长写一封信， 告诉他：1.教室空调温度设定太低，由此可能带来的问题。2.建议空调温度设定到 26 度，节 能环保。 【详解】第一步：首先确定文体，是给校长写一封建议信。 第二步： 根据写作要求确定关键词 （组） ， 如： become concerned about, very low temperature, offer some suggestions, comfortable environment, a waste of electricity. health problems, be beneficial for, I would really appreciate it if my suggestion could be considered. 第三步：根据提示和关键词（组）进行遣词造句，注意主谓一致和时态问题。 第四步：连句成文，注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接和过渡，书写一定要规范清晰， 保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。 【点睛】范文内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级表 达方式，如定语从句 which are set at a very low temperature.和 which is beneficial for both students and our surroundings.主语从句 that some students set such a low temperature. 宾语从句 he air conditioners should be set at 26 degrees.全文中没有中 国式英语的句式，显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外，文章思路清晰，层次分明，上下句 转换自然，为文章增色添彩。