一、上海英语高考语法新题型 2014 年上海高考英语将全面取消语法选择题（16 题*1 分=16 分），替换为新题型：语 法填空（见以上样题），2 个语篇，共 15 道题（15 分）。 新题型语法填空的形式，基本可以分为两种，提供提示词的和没有提示词的。前者的考察点 在于，以提示词的适当形式填空；后者则以连接词、或代词、冠词、介词、固定搭配等为考 察点。 二、语法填空新题型答题技巧 1.浏览全文 把握语篇 浏览全文的目的是把握其大意，为下一步“填空”做好“语义”上的准备，因为“语义”决定着空 白处应填一个什么意思的词语并采用什么样的语法形式。 在通读全文的过程中， 为较好地把 握其大意，很有必要弄清该文的体裁、题材（语题）、中心思想、写作主线、段落大意、段 落层次等。这些有利于考生真正读懂全文大意，也有利于在“填空”时进行必要的逻辑推理。 2.边读边填 先易后难 在通读全文，基本了解文章大意之后，就可以动手填空了。填空的过程是一个判断空白处应 填词语的“语义”（已给出词语的除外）和正确的语法“形式”的思维过程。遇到一时想不起来 的空，先跳过去，等检查时再仔细对付，不要用太多的时间停留在一个单词上。 3.验证复查 清除难点 有时间的话，进行复查是必要的。复查的方法是：将所有答案“填进”短文并进行通读，以最 后确定答案。另外，一题多解也是此种题型常遇到的问题之一。 三、新题型练习推荐 相较语法选择题，鉴于没有可供排除的选项，故新题型的难度相对较高，需要考生有一个扎 实的语法基础， 方可游刃有余的应对此题型。 虽然 2014 年的考生大部分都花了十几年的时 间来训练选择题， 对选择题的题型及应试技巧烂熟于心， 但是在考纲未发生重大变化的前提 下，“万变不离其宗”，纵然题型有变，但是主考的语法点并未发生变化。只要考生对语法的 基本知识有系统的掌握，加之多年选择题的大量操练，一样可以应对新题型，无需感到紧张 不安。 Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct.
(A) There is a photo hanging above my desk. Whenever I look at that photograph, it takes me back to those early years 25 every new experience was important for me. I can still remember the shouts of the spectators as I 26 (go) out onto the sports field with my classmates. Two days 27 finals of the 100 metres. Now 28 (early). I had qualified for the (look) around, I was determined to win.
While I was walking across to the start, I began to feel more and more nervous. I looked around and saw my proud parents waving enthusiastically. My heart was beating fast when I lined up with the other eager competitors. I look some deep breaths and waited for the signal. Then the starting signal 29 I set off down the track. I ran as fast as I could, not looking at anything but the finishing line. By the time I crossed the line, I was so exhausted that I 30 heard the result 31 on the soft grass with a broad smile on my face. “Well done!” said the Headmaster later, as I was presented with the winner’s certificate. I had never felt so happy and proud in my life. (B) One of the first questions young children ask is “Why?” It is human nature to want 32(find) out why things are the way they are. You can find out “Why” by turning the question into a hypothesis (假设) for 33 34 keep destroying 35 . Someone tells you that 36 experiment. (put) large strips of colored example, suppose you have been trying to grow tomato plants, but insects hardly breathe. As soon as I (announce), I realized I had won! Overjoyed, I collapsed (give) and
cloth around the plants will keep insects away. Your question might be “Do certain colours of cloth keep insects away?” Then you’d begin your experiment. The first step would be to place different-colored strips of cloth around all of the plants except one. Then, as regular intervals, you would observe and record and note 37 the plant had any insect damage or not. keep away insects.” Or you may find that This experiment may prove that the answer to your question is “No, it is not different-colored strips of cloth 38 cloth.” ...... 39 answer is “Yes, certain insects are kept away by blue cloth, but not yellow you have found, you are well on your way to understanding how you can use scientific thinking to solve a problem in you own life.
（A） （字数 212） As Christopher Walsh saved his brother and then his sister from the water of a river, his mother shouted ho him:“I'm proud of you.” Christopher was in the car with his parents, sister Rosie, and brother Mac, (25) ____ his father drove into a metal barrier. The family's car fell down a hill (26) ____ the river, and landed with its wheels up. Christopher, then 12, swam through a broken window and got out into the freshair. But (27) ____ (see) the rest of his family were still in the car—in the water, he took a big breath and swam back to save first Mac, and then Rosie. Christopher said “I was frightened, but it was all happening so fast and I really had no time (28) ____ (think) about the danger.” Christopher freed Mac and then swam back to get Rosie, (29) ____was under the cold, cloudy water, in the car. Christopher had to feel for her seatbelt because he could not see anything. He took the seatbelt off her, and then went up for air. Finally he went back to pull her out of (30) ____ car. Beryl, the mother, said:“When I got to the side and looked back, I thought Christopher and Rosie had gone. I thought (31) ____ were dead. Then I saw him come up out of the water like a dolphin, and I could see he had Rosie. I shouted across the canal, ‘I’m so proud of you.'” （B） （字数 231） I'm reading this brilliant book, (32) ____ (call) The Great Kapok Tree. It's by Lynne Cherry. My parents gave it to me as my birthday present and I just (33) ____ hardly put it down. The story (34) ____ (set) in the tropical Amazon rainforest. The author visited the rainforest (35) ____ she could find out about what was happening for herself. As I'm sure you know, man is cutting down so many of the forests and trees there. A lot of animals and plants are in danger (36) ____ this. So, here’s what happens in the story. The main character is the woodcutter. He comes into the wood with an axe in his hand. All the animals are chatting happily in the forest. As soon as they see the man, they stop (37) _____ (talk) and become quiet. They know what the woodcutter ’s job is-to cut down the great kapok(木棉) tree. But it ’s the (38) _____ (large) tree in the forest and the rainforest is very hot. The woodcutter soon gets tired and falls asleep under the tree. As he sleeps, all the animals come up to him and whisper in his ear. One of them says to the wood cutter,“What happens tomorrow depends on what you do today. IF you destroy our home, we (39) ____ (have) nowhere to live. Please think twice.” The woodcutter wakes up but I’m not going to tell you what happens in the end. You’ll have to read the book to see (40) ____ he cuts the great kapok tree down or not.