1．method n． 方法 2．attitude n. 态度 3．cover vt. 包含 4．disappear vi. 消失 5．technology n. 技术 6．move vi. 搬家
1．brilliant adj. 极好的 2．academic adj. 学术的 3．previous adj. 以前的；从前的 4．fluency n. 流利；流畅 5．diploma n. 文凭；毕业证书 6．assistant n. 助手；助理
1．enthusiastic adj.热心的→enthusiasm n．热心 2．amazing adj.令人吃惊的；令人惊讶的→amazed adj.吃惊的 →amaze v．使惊奇→amazement n．惊奇 3．information n．信息→inform v．告知 4．instruction n．(常作复数)指示；说明→instruct v．指导 5．bored adj.厌烦的；厌倦的→boring adj.令人厌烦的→bore v．使厌烦 6．embarrassed adj.尴尬的；难堪的；困窘的→embarrassing adj. 令人尴尬的→embarrass v．使尴尬；使困窘→embarrassment n．尴 尬；困窘
7．behaviour n．行为；举动→behave v．举止 8．description n．记述；描述→describe v．描述 9．impress vt.使印象深刻→impression n．印象→impressive adj. 令人印象深刻的
10．encouragement n．鼓励；激励→encourage v．鼓励；鼓舞 →discourage v．使气馁；打消做……的念头
11．disappointed adj.失望的→disappointing adj.令人失望的 →disappoint v．使失望→disappointment n．失望
12．misunderstanding n．误解→misunderstand v．理解
[用所给词的适当形式填空] 1．His embarrassing questions made me embarrassed greatly.(embarrass) 2．He was disappointed at the disappointing news，so there was a disappointed look on his face.(disappoint) 3．We were deeply impressed by his performance. That is to say, his performance left a deep impression on us.(impress)
1．nothing_like 毫不相似；完全不像 2．in_other_words 换句话说 3．be_divided_into 被(划)分成…… 4．take_part_in 参加 5．look_forward_to 盼望；期待 6．be_similar_to 和……相似 7．far_from 远离；远远不，完全不 8．be_impressed_with/by/at 对……有印象 9．have_fun 玩得开心 10．at_the_start_of 在……开始的时候
[选用以上短语填空] 1．Without hesitation, I decided to go to the park with them and we did have_fun that day. 2．We will go to take_part_in the summer camp held by your school this July, which makes us very excited. 3．Far_from helping improve the situation, they have made it worse. 4．I had nothing_like enough time to answer all the questions. 5 ． He never hides his real opinions towards others. In_other_words,_he is a person with a straightforward personality. 6．He suggested that our class should be_divided_into five groups.
1．I don't think...否定转移 I don't think I will be bored in Ms Shen's class! 我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到厌倦的！ 2．倍数表达法 In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys. 按句话说，女生人数是男生的三倍。
We're using a new textbook and Ms Shen's method of teaching is nothing like that of the teachers at my Junior High school.
Oh really? So have I. 噢，真的吗？我也是。
1．我想我们不一定能成功，但是不管怎样还是试试吧。 I_don't_think_we'll_succeed but let's have a try anyway. 2．研究者发现笔记本用户记的笔记是那些用手记笔记的人的 两倍。
The researchers found that laptop users took twice_as_many_notes_as those who wrote by hand.
3．西安市中心的房租比这个城市其他地段的房租都贵。 The cost of renting a house in central Xi'an is_higher_than_that in any other area of the city. 4．如果你去那儿，我也去。 If you go there，so_will_I.
第一板块|重点单词 1．amazing adj.令人吃惊的；令人惊讶的 (教材原句)The teachers are very enthusiastic and friendly and the
classrooms are amazing. 老师非常热情、友好，教室令人惊讶。
(1)amaze vt. 使吃惊 (2)amazed adj. 吃惊的 be amazed at/with sth. 对某事很吃惊 be amazed to do sth. 因做某事而吃惊 (3)amazement n. 吃惊 to one's amazement 令某人吃惊的是 in amazement 吃惊地，惊奇地
We were amazed to learn that she had left the hospital 18 million dollars.
得知她把 1 800 万美元留给了医院，我们感到很惊讶。
巧学巧练1 基础练习(单句语法填空) ①(2015·四川卷单项填空)Little Tom sat amazed (amaze)
watching the monkey dancing in front of him. ②Much to my amazement (amaze), he has made rapid progress in
English. ③(2016·浙江卷完形填空)And by doing so, I changed an unhappy
experience into the most amazing (amaze)adventure of my life.
能力提升(一句多译) 令我大为惊讶的是，在这么短的时间内他的英语取得了快速进 步。 ④Much_to_my_amazement,_he has made rapid progress in
English in such a short time.(amazement) ⑤What_amazes_me_greatly_is_that he has made rapid progress
in English in such a short time.(what 主语从句) ⑥I_am_very_amazed_to_find_that he has made rapid progress in
English in such a short time.(amazed) 名师指津：amazing 表示“令人吃惊的”，强调引起吃惊的感
Unless you change your attitude to your studies, you won't make any progress.
除非你改变对学习的态度，否则你不会取得进步。 attitude to/towards... 对……的态度/看法 have/take a(n)．.. attitude to/towards...
What's your attitude to/towards senior high school students taking up part-time jobs?
巧学巧练 2 基础练习(单句语法填空) ①(2018·浙江温州十校联考)I don't want to see him. His attitude
to me is always rather cold. 能力提升(高考小作文)
Such_a_positive_attitude_to/towards_life can be helpful in lifting your spirits.
3．instruction [U]讲授；教育；指导；[C](常作复数)指示；说 明(书)
Under the teacher's instruction, we've made great progress in our physics study.
(1)follow instructions 服从指示 under one's instruction 在某人的指导下 (2)instruct v. 命令；指示 instruct sb. to do sth. 命令某人去做某事 (3)instructive adj. 有教育意义的
The letter instructed him to report to the general manager at once. 那封信指示他立即向总经理报告。
巧学巧练 3 基础练习(单句语法填空) ①It is the most instructive (instruct) lecture that I have attended
since I came to this school. ②A computer can only do what you have instructed it to_do(do)． ③Always read instructions (instruct) on the bottle carefully and
take the right amount of medicine. 能力提升(高考小作文)
But with_my_English_teacher's_patient_instruction_and_help,_I kept on learning.
We were impressed by the new teacher's rich knowledge and humorous talk.
impress sth. on/upon sb.??使某人牢记某事 impress sb. with sth. ?
(2)be impressed by/at/with 对……印象深刻
be impressed on one's mind/memory
(3)impression n. 印象；感想 leave/make a(n)．..impression on sb.
给某人留下……印象 (4)impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的；感人的
I had always impressed upon the children that if they worked hard they would succeed in life.
巧学巧练4 基础练习(单句语法填空) ①Even so, she impressed the world with her courage and strong
desire to succeed. ②What impresses (impress) me most is that whenever he appears
in front of others he often wears a big smile. ③Mr Wang, a professor from America, will make an impressive
(impress) speech in the hall tonight. ④My first impression (impress) of him was that he was a kind and
thoughtful young man.
能力提升(高考小作文) ⑤(2016·天津卷书面表达)你的艺术技能优秀，令人羡慕，这 给我留下了深刻的印象。
Your art skills are excellent and admirable, which leaves_me_a_deep_impression.
5．cover vt.盖，掩盖；行走(路程)；(记者)采访/报道；占用(一 段时间或空间)；包含，涉及；(钱)够……用；n.封面(底)；盖子
(教材原句)Secondary school in the US usually covers seven years,
grades six to twelve. 美国中学通常包括六到十二年级在内的七个年级。
一词多义 (写出下列句中 cover 的含义) ①During the summer camp，the children will be instructed by the teacher to cover 30 miles a day.行走 ②If it carries on snowing, the ground will be covered by morning. 覆盖
③(2015·四川卷单项填空)The books on the desk, whose covers are shiny, are prizes for us. 封面
④To cover the cost of hiring a bus, each student will have to pay $10 each time.支付
⑤How many pages have you covered today？看完……书
⑥As far as I know, a reporter was sent to cover the terrible
??with... be covered?
cover an area of... 占地面积为……
巧学巧练5——一句多译 这座城市占地面积达7 434平方千米，人口大约是10 000 000。 ①Covering_a_total_area_of_7,434_square_kilometers,_this city has a population of about ten million.(分词作状语) ②This city has a population of about ten million with_an_area_of 7,434 square kilometers.(介词短语作状语)
第二板块|短语·句式 1．in other words 换句话说 (2016·浙江卷阅读理解 A)In other words, gossip is satisfying
because it gives people a sense of belonging or even superiority. 换句话说，说闲话让人满足，因为它带给人们归属感，甚至是
word comes/came that... 有消息传来说…… in a word 总之；简言之 keep one's word 遵守诺言 break one's word 失信；不守诺言 have a word with... 与……谈一谈 have words with... 与……争吵
He has achieved his aim. In other words, his ambition has come true.
巧学巧练1——完成句子 ①In_a_word (总之), it was through hard work and innovation
that Ma Yun became successful in his field. ②You'd better not be late again for the class, in_other_words (换
句话说), you are expected to be on time next time. ③The driver was at a loss when word_came_that (消息传来说)
he was forbidden to drive for speeding. ④He has broken_his_word (食言) so many times that I cannot
trust him any more.
2．look forward to 期望；期待；盼望
Thanks for your kind consideration and I look forward to receiving your earliest reply.
to 为介词的短语： stick to 坚持 lead to 导致 object to 反对 refer to 提及；查阅；参考 contribute to 促成；是……成因之一 get down to 开始认真做……
He has been looking forward to having a chance to pay a visit to the Great Wall.
巧学巧练2 基础练习(单句语法填空) ①The Internet gives people the chance to have the information
they look forward to delivered (deliver) to them quickly and cheaply. ②She looks forward every spring to walking (walk) in the
flower-lined garden. ③As a matter of fact, he objects to being_treated (treat) like a
能力提升(高考小作文) ④(2015·重庆卷书面表达)如果你能告诉我更多有关活动的问 题，我将感激不尽。我盼望着你早日回复。
I would appreciate it if you could tell me more about the activity. I'm looking_forward_to_receiving_your_earliest_reply.
3．take part in参加；参与 (2018·石家庄一模书面表达)We all feel honoured if you can
take part in the activity with us. 如果你与我们一起参加这项活动，我们感到莫大荣幸。 participate in＝take part in 参加，参与 take an active part in 积极参加 play a part in 在……中起作用；在……中扮演角色
A lively and caring girl, Anna, takes an active part in social activities.
安娜是一个活泼又有爱心的女孩，她积极参与社会活动。 名师指津：在使用take part in时，若其后无宾语，则不加介词 in。
巧学巧练3——高考小作文 ①(2016·全国卷Ⅱ书面表达)欢迎任何对这项活动感兴趣的学 生参加。
Any student who is interested in this activity
taking_an_active_part_in_social_activities can broaden our horizons.
4．In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys. 换句话说，女生人数是男生人数的三倍。
three times as many girls as为一种倍数表达方式，其构成形式 为“倍数＋as＋many/much＋n.＋as”。
A＋be＋倍数＋as＋adj./adv.原级＋as B A＋be＋倍数＋adj./adv.比较级＋than B A＋be＋倍数＋the＋名词?size/weight/length...?＋of B
The new stadium built for the 2022 Beijing & Zhangjiakou Winter Olympics will be three times as big as the present one.
巧学巧练 4 基础练习(单句语法改错) ①It is reported that the United States uses twice as many energy
as the whole of Europe. 答案：many→much ②This big stone is three times as heavier as that one.
③There are four times many books in our library than in yours.
能力提升(一句多译) 我的农场已经扩展成了一个大农场，是原来的 3 倍大。 ④My farm has expanded into a big one, which
is_three_times_as_big_as the previous one. ⑤My farm has expanded into a big one, which
is_three_times_bigger_than the previous one. ⑥My farm has expanded into a big one, which
is_three_times_the_size_of the previous one.
5．Oh really? So have I. 噢，真的吗？我也是。 表达“某人/事也(不)一样”的句型有： (1)So＋系动词/助动词/情态动词＋主语，表示前面所说的肯定 情况也适合于另一人或事。 (2)Neither/Nor＋系动词/助动词/情态动词＋主语，表示前面一 种否定情况也适合于另一人或事。 (3)So it is with.../It is the same with...表示前面出现的情况也适 合于另一人或事。 (4)“so＋主语＋be/助动词/情态动词”表示说话人同意对方的 观点或对前文内容加以强调或肯定。意为“……的确如此”。
①He has finished his homework, and so have I. 他完成了作业，我也完成了。 ②Jane won't join us for dinner tonight and nor/neither will Tom. 简今晚不会和我们一起吃晚饭，汤姆也不会。
巧学巧练 5 基础练习(完成句子) ①—I don't like English but I like Chinese very much. —So_it_is_with_me/It_is_the_same_with_me(我也是)． ②If you don't plan to stay there long in the coming holiday, nor/neither_will_I(我也不打算在那里久待)． ③—I reminded you not to forget the appointment. —So_you_did(你确实提醒我了)．
能力提升(句型转换) ④If you go to the park today, I will go, too. →If you go to the park today, so_will_I. ⑤They didn't finish the task successfully and were scolded by the
boss. So it was with us. →They didn't finish the task successfully and were scolded by the
boss. It_was_the_same_with us.
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．Amazed (amaze), she stood and stared while the police arrested
her husband. 2．She shows a very positive attitude to/towards her work. 3．As is often the case, in the eyes of teenagers, their parents'
advice is less practical than that of their friends. 4．Common sense tells (tell) us that anything that is dropped falls
towards the earth because of the force of gravity. 5．The doctor left after giving instructions (instruct) that my
mother should rest as much as possible at home.
6．She likes him all the better for his fluent (fluency) spoken
English. 7．The new tax policy only affects people on yearly incomes over
￥120,000, in other words, the very rich. 8．She asked a lot of embarrassing (embarrass) questions. 9．Your encouraging (encourage) words were a real shot in the
arm. 10．Mary's skirt looked just the same as Joan's, but it cost twice as
much as hers. 11．We are looking forward to having (have) your early reply to
12．If you go to attend the party to be held tonight, so will I. 13 ． Swimming is my favorite sport. There is nothing like
swimming as a means of keeping fit. 14．—Do you have enough to_cover (cover) all your daily
expenses? —Oh yes, enough and to spare. 15．(2015·四川卷改编)As a native Mandarin speaker, I can speak
Mandarin clearly and fluently (fluency), and my teachers think highly of my spoken Mandarin.
Ⅱ.单句改错 1．The hut was made of poles covering with grass mats.
covering→covered 2．He has collected more than three times many stamps as I have.
many 前加 as 3．Some readers wrote to him for more informations.
informations→information 4．Local residents were disappointing with the decision.
disappointing→disappointed 5．Sixteen teams are taking part in, divided into four groups.
6．It's nothing like that it used to be. that→what
7．They are looking forward to her come. come→coming
8．My visit to India in 2014 left a deep impression to me. to→on
9．I just need to make a few correct, and then we can send it to the
10．These days work played an important part in a single woman's
Ⅲ.话题写作 根据提示，利用本单元所学知识，完成下面的小作文并背诵成 文。
(brilliant, enthusiastic, have a positive attitude towards) 3．他们的教学方法给我留下了深刻印象以至于我期盼着每一 节课。(method, be impressed with, look forward to) 4．放学后，男老师邀请一些学生参加诸如打篮球、踢足球这 样的活动。(take part in) 5．我认为在他们的教导下我会做得更好。(instruction)
I study at No.1 middle school of Tianjin, which is nothing like my junior high school. The teachers here are brilliant, who are enthusiastic and have a positive attitude towards their work. Their teaching method is so impressed with me that I look forward to each class. After school, the male teachers invite some students to take part in activities such as playing basketball and football. I think I can do better under their instruction.
? 常常可见到这样的同学，他们在下课前几分钟就开始看表、收拾课本文具，下课铃一响，就迫不及待地“逃离”教室。实际上，每节课刚下课时的几分 钟是我们对上课内容查漏补缺的好时机。善于学习的同学往往懂得抓好课后的“黄金两分钟”。那么，课后的“黄金时间”可以用来做什么呢？
? 一、释疑难 ? 对课堂上老师讲到的内容自己想不通卡壳的问题，应该在课堂上标出来，下课时，在老师还未离开教室的时候，要主动请老师讲解清楚。如果老师已
经离开教室，也可以向同学请教，及时消除疑难问题。做到当堂知识，当堂解决。 ? 二、补笔记 ? 上课时，如果有些东西没有记下来，不要因为惦记着漏了的笔记而影响记下面的内容，可以在笔记本上留下一定的空间。下课后，再从头到尾阅读一
遍自己写的笔记，既可以起到复习的作用，又可以检查笔记中的遗漏和错误。遗漏之处要补全，错别字要纠正，过于潦草的字要写清楚。同时，将自己 对讲课内容的理解、自己的收获和感想，用自己的话写在笔记本的空白处。这样，可以使笔记变的更加完整、充实。 ? 三、课后“静思2分钟”大有学问 ? 我们还要注意课后的及时思考。利用课间休息时间，在心中快速把刚才上课时刚讲过的一些关键思路理一遍，把老师讲解的题目从题意到解答整个过 程详细审视一遍，这样，不仅可以加深知识的理解和记忆，还可以轻而易举地掌握一些关键的解题技巧。所以，2分钟的课后静思等于同一学科知识的 课后复习30分钟。