湖南省湘中名校 2014 届高三第一次大联考英语试题
时量： 120 分钟 满分：150 分 (考试范围：高考内容)
PartⅠ Listening Comprehension (30 marks) Section A (22.5 marks) Directions: In this section, you will hear six conversations between two speakers. For each conversation, there are several questions and each question is followed by three choices marked A, B and C. Listen carefully and then choose the best answer for each question. You will hear each conversation TWICE. Conversation 1 1. What are the speakers having? A. Fish. B. Beef C. Chicken 2. What does the woman say about the dish? A. It tastes terrible. B. It is delicious. C. The sauce is pretty good. Conversation 2 3. What did the man do on Sunday night? A. He made calls to his friends. B. He bought something expensive. C. He chatted with his friends online. 4. What does the man invite the woman to do next weekend? A. Go surfing. B. Visit his house. C. Meet his friends. Conversation 3 5. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Neighbors. B. Husband and wife. C. Policeman and witness. 6. What caused the fire? A. The rubbish. B. The curtain. C. The lamp. Conversation 4 7. Why does the man recommend another book? A. The book the woman wants has been lent out. B. There isn’t such a book as the woman wants. C. He wants to recommend a better one. 8. What does the man say about the book he recommends? A. It is a classic. B. It tells a touching story. C. It was written by a famous writer. 9. How long can the woman keep the same book within a year at most? A. Six weeks. B. Four weeks. C. Three weeks. Conversation 5 10. How does the woman feel about Tony’s marriage? A. Pleased. B. Surprised. C. Interested.
11. Where did Tony go after he broke up with Sarah? A. To Liverpool. B. To London. C. To Leeds. 12. Why did Tony come back to his hometown? A. To look for a job. B. To attend a wedding. C. To ask Sarah to marry him. Conversation 6 13. How old are the oldest paintings discovered? A. About2, 000 years old. B. About 10,000 years old. C. About 20,000 years old. 14. Where have the paintings of large animals been found? A. In northern France. B. In southern Spain. C. In northern Spain. 15. What is one of the reasons the ancient people painted the pictures? A. To kill time. B. To attract animals. C. To record their life stories. Section B (7.5 marks) Directions: In this section, you will hear a short passage. Listen carefully and then fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Fill in each blank with NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS. Enjoy your Life Hot Latin music star—Enrique Iglesias 18 film actress—Natalie Portman · 16. His CD · relationship with his famous 17. His · What life was like for her as a child star. Some of her 19. His experiences at the 20.
Korean football star—Ahn Jung Hwan
Part II Language Knowledge (45 marks) Section A (15 marks) Directions: For each of the following unfinished sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. 21. _________ caused the accident is still a mystery. A. How B. What C. That D. Where 22. ----Marx looks nervous. ----So __________ you if you had so fierce a competition. A. do B. did C. will D. would 23. We still remember once _________ round the famous tower when we were young. A. having taken B. to be taken C. having been taken D. to have taken 24. —What do you think of his speech at the court? —Er..., sorry, I ________ about something else. A. had thought B. thought C. was thinking D. have been thinking 25. Mr. Duncan raised an unnecessary question __________ he then failed to find an answer. A. to which B. for which C. with which D. by which
26. ---Why are you still here? Everybody has gone to attend the lecture by the president. ---Oh, I ___________ about it! A. wasn’t informed B. hadn’t been informed C. haven’t informed D. didn’t inform 27. Only when __________ senior high school __________ to show a great interest in poems. A. did I enter; did I begin B. did I enter; I began C. I entered; I began D. I entered; did I begin 28. We do have the most supportive parents and teachers, ________will make a difference to our study, unless all of us make every effort . A. none of them B. all of them C. none of whom D. all of whom 29. To pass the driving test, Alice had a busy month __________ driving the car. A. to practise B. practising C. practised D. practise 30. Mr. Li arrived at the Wuguang train station twenty minutes ago, but the train to Guangzhou ____________ yet. A. hadn’t come B. won’t come C. hasn’t come D. didn’t come 31. It is in the year of 2010__________ a severe drought hit Yunnan province. A. until B. that C. before D. when 32. _________ from Adelaide to Darwin and you’ll observe some of Australia’s most beautiful landscapes. A. Traveling B. To travel C. Traveled D. Travel 33. Hearing loss in a large number of teenagers______ caused because of their listening to loud music. A. is B. has C. are D.have 34. She won’t be able to come next week, because she _________ herself in Mount Tai then. A. enjoys B. will be enjoying C. is enjoying D. Enjoyed 35. The construction of the gym caused much noise, __________ it difficult for people nearby to sleep. A. made B. to make C. making D. having made Section B (18 marks) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Whenever my kids have a party at school, I am the mom who always signs up to bring the juice boxes. It’s not because I’m 36 or that I don’t care if my kids have a good party. I am just not good at making homemade bread into holiday-themed shapes like other mothers. However, I’m happy to try, even though it’ll take me a long time to do it. People say that housewives should have the 37 to make delicious meals, keep their houses clean, and 38 every minute of their child’s life. Their words used to upset me a lot. I felt that I should also be able to do those things as a housewife. So when I couldn’t make the turkey-shaped cookies, I 39 feeling like a failure as a
mom. After many 40 attempts at baking, and many afternoons spent crying over my inabilities as a mother, I finally accepted the 41 that my lot(命运) in life is to be the juice box mom. I worked hard to be the 42 one in the elementary school. And after one of my daughter’s class parties, it 43 . Her teacher stopped me as I was leaving and said,＂Thank you so much for always bringing 44 drinks. Sometimes parents forget that other children will also 45 class parties, and they end up being left out because we don’t have enough drinks for everyone.＂ I just accepted her appreciation, rather than telling her that I brought extra drinks because I could 46 remember how many kids were in the class. But her appreciation taught me an important lesson: I’m not a failure as a mom. Not everyone is cut out to be a(n) 47 mom. I believe it’s okay to be the juice box mom. I may not bake cookies and decorate them beautifully, but I provided something to drink. And I think that’s just as important. 36. A. smart B. tired C. lazy D. desperate 37. A. dream B. ability C. experience D. tool 38. A. compare B. save C. treasure D. teach 39. A. ended up B. went on C. insisted on D. set about 40. A. failed B. careless C. successful D. useful 41. A. goal B. opinion C. fact D. impression 42. A. slowest B. best C. worst D. quickest 43. A. stood out B. got out C. came back D. paid off 44. A. cold B. soft C. extra D. fresh 45. A. attend B. hold C. enjoy D. leave 46. A. already B. always C. ever D. never 47. A. loyal B. clever C. rich D. able Section C (12 marks) Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context. Charlie looked at himself in the mirror. He found his face was red. He washed it with some cold water. He didn’t leave the bar until he felt 48 little better. Then he said goodbye 49 his friends and went to the bus stop. Walking near to his house, the young man stopped to look at the windows. The lights were 50 and it meant 51 his wife were still waiting for him. He knew she was angry with him. She thought it was bad for his health to drink much, 52 she tried her best to stop him from doing it. He often promised he 53 soon quit drinking, but he couldn’t control 54 when he saw the wine at the party. Charlie entered the bedroom quietly and saw his wife lying on the bed. Looking angrily at him, the woman said nothing. He had to play with the cat. “Don’t play with the stupid pig, dear!” called the woman. “It’s 55 a pig, but a cat,” the young man said with a smile. “I’m not talking to you, but to the cat.” Part III Reading Comprehension (30 marks) Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information
given in the passage. A The booking notes of the play “the Age of Innocence”: Price: ＄10 BOOKING There are four easy ways to book seats for performance: ------ in person The Box Office is open Monday to Saturday, 10 a. m.—8 p. m. ------ by telephone Ring 01324976 to reserve your tickets or to pay by credit card（Visa, MasterCard and Amex accepted） ------ by post Simply complete the booking form and return it to Global Theatre Box Office. ------ on line Complete the on-line booking form at www. Satanfiedtheatre. Com DISCOUNTS: Saver: ＄2 off any seat booked any time in advance for performances from Monday to Thursday. Savers are available for children up to 16 years old, over 60s and full-time students. Supersaver: half-price seats are available for people with disabilities and one companion. It is advisable to book in advance. There is a maximum of eight wheelchair spaces available and one wheelchair space will be held until an hour before the show. Standby: best available seats are on sale for ＄6 from one hour before the performance for people eligible（suitable）for Saver and Supersaver discounts and thirty minutes before for all other customers. Group Bookings: there is a ten per cent discount for parties of twelve or more. School: school parties of ten or more can book ＄6 standby tickets in advance and will get every tenth ticket free. Please note: we are unable to exchange tickets or refund money unless a performance is cancelled due to unforeseen circumstances. 56. If you want to book a ticket, you CANNOT _____ A. use the Internet. B. ring the booking number and pay for the tickets by credit card. C. go to the Box Office on Sundays. D. complete a booking form and post it to the Box Office. 57. According to the notes, who can get ＄2 off? A. The people who book the tickets on Fridays. B. A 20-year-old full-time college student. C. A 55-year-old woman. D. An 18-year-old teenager. 58. If you make a group booking for a group of 14 adults, how much should you pay? A. ＄120 B. ＄140 C. ＄150 D. ＄126
59. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. A school party of 15 students should pay ＄90 for the standby tickets. B. There are only 8 wheelchair spaces in the theatre. C. A group of 12 persons can get 10 per cent discount. D. The audience can’t refund money if the performance is on show. 60. What kind of tickets are the cheapest? A. The standby tickets. B. The standby tickets for school parties of ten or more. C. The tickets for Saver discount. D. The tickets for group booking. B Would you believe that the first outstanding deaf teacher in America was a Frenchman? His name was Laurent Clerc. He became a friend of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and together they founded America's first school for the deaf. Laurent Clerc was born in a small village near Lyons, France, on December 26, 1785. When he was one year old, he fell into a fire, losing both his hearing and his sense of smell. At 12, Laurent entered the Royal Institution for the Deaf in Paris where he did well in his studies. After he graduated, the school asked him to stay on as an assistant teacher. Meanwhile, in America, Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet was studying to be a minister. He was very concerned about the lack of educational opportunities for the deaf. Therefore, in 1815, Gallaudet sailed to London, England to seek ideas on how to teach deaf people. While he was there, he met a French educator of the deaf who invited him to go to Paris to spend three months learning at the Royal Institution for the Deaf, the school where Laurent Clerc was teaching. Gallaudet accepted the offer. The two worked and studied well together. When the time came for Gallaudet to return, he asked Clerc to come with him. Clerc accepted on one condition: that he would stay in America only a short time. The two men set sail on June 18, 1816. The voyage across the Atlantic Ocean took 52 days; however, Clerc and Gallaudet put the time to good use. Clerc studied English, and Gallaudet studied sign language. They discussed the school for the deaf which they planned to open. On the long trip, they had many conversations about education and deafness. The year after they arrived, they founded a school for the deaf in Harford, Connecticut. At the school, Clerc led a busy life. He taught signs to Principal Gallaudet; he taught the pupils; and he taught hearing men who came to the school to study deaf education. In 1819, Clerc married Eliza Crocker Boardman, one of his pupils. They had six children. He retired from teaching in 1858. Although he had intended to return to France, he never did. He died on July 18, 1869 in the United States. 61. Why did Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet sail to London? A. He needed to finish his studies to become a minister. B. It was the easiest way to get to France.
C. He wanted to study their system of deaf education. D. He wanted to marry Alice Cogswell. 62. From the information in this passage we can infer that__________. A. Laurent Clerc was an intelligent man B. Clerc had difficulties learning language C. Clerc married Eliza in order to get his Green Card D. Clerc was paid well because he made such important contributions to society 63. On their trip from Paris to America, Clerc and Gallaudet ___________. A. played cards and socialized B. studied and discussed their plans for a deaf school C. founded a school for the deaf D. Gallaudet studied English and Clerc studied Sign Language 64. Which is the right order of the things Clerc did？ A. met Gallaudet, moved to America, got married, went to school in Paris. B. met Gallaudet, went to school in Paris, moved to America, got married. C. went to school in Paris, met Gallaudet, moved to America, got married. D. got married, went to school in Paris, met Gallaudet, moved to America. 65. The main idea of this passage could best be stated as_________. A. Clerc managed his time well, succeeding in his career. B. Thomas Gallaudet was indebted to Clerc for all that he taught him. C. Clerc preferred teaching deaf students to hearing students. D. Clerc, an educated Frenchman, had a great impact on American Deaf Education. C Most people say “yes” much more readily than “no”. A friend is moving house this weekend and would like some help, and you agree. But, what you really wanted was a couple of quiet days relaxing at home. Or a roommate spends the entire weekends playing video games and wants to borrow your homework for “reference”. But, you’ve just finished it after taking a whole day to work hard. Many people say “yes” to these kinds of requests. They tend not to consider their own interests and feelings, and are often angry with themselves afterwards. Saying “no” requires courage and considerable practice, in fact, according to psychologists. “Everyone wants to be liked,” says Gabriele Steinki, a German psychologist. “Saying ‘no’ risks losing the affection of the person asking the favor or even a job.” The result is that many people say “yes” just for keeping the peace. But experts say this is regrettable. Anyone should have the right to say “no”. In fact, rejecting a request can even help to strengthen a relationship because it expresses a true feeling. But, for people used to agreeing to every request, changing can be a long and uncomfortable learning process. Most people believe that “If I say ‘no’, I’ll lose the affection of the person. But the affection is important to me.” This way of thinking can be replaced by this: “If he only likes me because I always do what suits him , then the price of his affection is
too high in the long term.” Steinki says the key is talking to the other person to find a mutual (相互的) solution. “One needs to present the situation from one’s own point of view, and to suggest how the situation can be dealt with to the advantage of both parties. The other person must have the feeling that his interests are being considered.” When the refusal is not accepted, Steinki advises giving the reasons calmly again until the person gets the message. 66. Most people say “yes” much more readily than “no” because ________. A. they don’t care about their own interests and feelings B. they don’t know they will regret afterwards C. they have already been used to saying “yes” D. they care more about others’ affection 67. In the opinion of experts, _________ . A. people need a lot of practice to say “no” B. people should say “yes” to keep the peace C. saying “no” means losing a job D. people have the right to be liked 68. According to the writer, what should you do if you want to refuse the other person’s request? A. Just say you can’t help him. B. Say sorry to him. C. Refuse him clearly. D. Talk to the other person to find a mutual way. 69. According to the writer, what should you do if your refusal is not accepted? A. Say yes to him. B. Repeat your reason for his acceptance C. Just go away D. Say no to him 70. What is the best title of the passage? A. You Need Courage To Say “No” B. “Yes” More Than “No” C. Nobody Has the Right To Say “No” D. It’s Easy To Say “Yes” Part Ⅳ Writing （45 marks） Section A（10 mark） Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information from the passage. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
PART FOUR WRITING
Society is a web of relationships, requiring all parties(群体) to work together to create something good. What makes society work best are effective( 有效的) relationships that are based on mutual(相互的) understanding. If you understand what people want and why they want it, you can usually find a way to make progress together. High-quality relationships make people happy. Some people living in the poorest communities have almost nothing but turn out to be the happiest because they share a life, together. If effective relationships are working, happiness is always possible. Here are some simple tips for building effective relationships. Listen to and try to understand others' positions and feelings. Listening in itself can lead to understanding, and if you understand someone else fully, then you know
how to work better with him or her. Openly express your needs and feeling. Sometimes we expect people particularly those close to us at home or work to understand what we want and to give us what we need intuitively (凭直 觉地). However, people are so complicated and so different that even when they have lived together for 60 years, they can still surprise each other. So we need to say what we need and to express how we feel. In order to make our relationships more effective, we should treat ourselves and other people with respect. Respect is one of the most important elements of any good relationship. Finally, learn to face differences correctly. Learning this takes time and can be uncomfortable. However, if we can try to remove differences in an effective way, we are more likely to build exciting and satisfying relationships with others. By doing these things you may discover that the happiness you long for is much closer than you thought. Title: 71. 72. Make society 74 ________ Help people find a way to 75 __________ 73. Understand other’s positions and feelings by77._________ Try to express your needs and feelings 78. _______________ Make people happy because of their Treat yourself and others 79.__________ 76_______ Learn to face the 80._________in a correct way Section B (10 mark.) Directions: Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the information given in the passage. A vast dust storm that blew in from the deserts of Australia’s red centre has blanketed the country’s largest city and eastern coast in a red fog，causing widespread traffic chaos and severe flight delays. Residents from Sydney in New South Wales to Canberra inland and towns in southern Queensland awoke to a red sky and greatly reduced visibility after the country’s worst dust storm in 70 years blew in overnight. The Sydney Harbor Bridge and Opera House were covered in the red fog and hundreds of people were reported to have breathing problems. Children，the elderly and those suffering from asthma (哮喘) or heart or lung diseases were advised to stay indoors ,as even healthy adults reported "itchy throats" and a metallic aftertaste in their mouths after walking through the thick fog. Commuters used face masks，originally intended to protect them from the spread of swine flu, to hurry across the blocked streets on their way to work. Some schools were closed and sports activities were called off as the conditions pushed air pollution levels to 1500 times their normal levels – the highest on record.
Passengers at the busy Sydney Airport faced delays of up to six hours for international flights and three hours for domestic trips，and even some international flights were cancelled as visibility was reduced to just a few feet. Locals，phoning radio stations to express their shock at the red dawn.” It’s like a nuclear winter morning，" tourist Peter Wilson told Daily Telegraph, "It is so terrible." adding that when he awoke the sky was "bright red" and "all the cars were covered in dirt". The dust hanging over Sydney had largely cleared by midafternoon, although national carrier Qantas said severe delays would last all day because of direction-changed and late-running flights. The sand storm，which measured more than 310 miles wide and 620 miles long， was caused by dust clouds blowing east from Australia’s dry places， which has been attacked by the worst drought on record. It covered dozens of towns and cities in two states as strong winds swept away tons of topsoil threw it high into the sky and carried it hundreds of miles. 81. What was the face mask originally intended for? (No more than 10 words) (2 marks)
82. When did most residents of Sydney discover the vast storm ? (No more than 3 words) (3 marks) 83. What do you think the underlined word Qantas is? (No more than 3 words)(2 marks) 84.What is the main idea of the last paragraph ? (No more than 10 words) (3 marks)
SECTION C Directions: Write an English composition in NO LESS THAN 120 WORDS according to the instructions given below. 假定你是某外国语学校高三年级 2 班的学习委员， 经常看到有同学抄袭作业， 针对这种 现象， 你将在下周的班会上组织全班同学讨论这一现象， 并以 “My opinion on copying others’ homework” 为主题作中心发言，请事先用英语写好一篇发言稿。 注意：1.发言稿须包括以下内容要点： A. 抄袭的主要原因。 B. 抄袭的危害及解决办法。 C. 简要表明自己的态度。 2. 词数：不少于 120 字。 3.发言稿的开头已给出，不计入总词数。 May I have your attention, please? My topic today is about copying others’ homework. As we know, some students _______________________________ copy others’ homework.
七、写作（25 分）[评分标准]语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。 作文范文： May I have your attention, please? My topic today is about copying others’ homework. As we know, some students copy others’ homework. On one hand, we students have to do masses of homework both at home and at school . Sometimes we do have some problems, too hard to work out. On the other hand, lazy and uninterested in their lesson, some students copy others’ homework not only to finish the assignments but also to please their teachers. In a word, copying others’ homework is a bad habit. For one thing, it’s against the school rules. Being students, we should be honest and work hard. If we have difficulties, we can turn to teachers and classmates for help. For another, copying others’ homework too often, we will lose the ability that can help us to think. Personally, it’s for our own sake to study. We should try our best to gain knowledge. Let’s take action to prevent such bad behavior from spreading. Thank you for your attention.
附：听力材料 Section A Conversation1 M: What is it?
W: I’m not sure, I think…it’s chicken. M: No, no, I think it’s beef, Let me taste it. You’ll never guess! It’s fish! And the sauce is actually pretty good. Here, Try it . It’s not too bad. W: Oh, all right, Uhg! It’s awful. It’s too salty. Oh, now I need some more soda, I wish they’d come back with the drink cart again. M: Here, help yourself some of mine. Then we’ll ask for two more cans. Conversation 2 M: Did you have fun surfing last weekend? W: Yes, I spent more time in the water than on it，though! So how about you, Tom? What were you up to? M: Well, I spent most of Sunday night talking to my friends from all over the world. W: That sounds expensive. M: No, it’s not really. I joined an Internet chat group. It’s not as expensive as talking on the telephone, and lots of people can talk at the same time. W: Wow! That’s cool! I’d like to try that sometime. M: Sure. Come over next weekend if you’re free. W: I’d love to. Thanks. Conversation 3 W: Hi, Dean. I saw fire trucks outside your house when I took out the rubbish this morning. You didn’t have a fire, did you? M: Yes, unfortunately I did. There was something wrong with my lamp and it started a fire in the living room. The fire burned my nice new curtains. I’m going to have to replace them. W: Oh, that’s too bad. Was there any other damage? M :No, just the curtains. Conversation 4 W: Can you tell me where the book A Dream of Red Mansions is? M: I’m sorry. It’s lent out. W: What a pity! M: What about this one? It’s a newly published novel written by a young writer. The plot is moving and the language is easy-going. Young people all like to read it. W: OK, I’ll take it . By the way, how long can I keep it? M: Three weeks. And you can borrow it again if you can’t finish it in due time. W: How long can I keep the novel the second time? M: The same, three weeks. But you can only borrow it twice within a year. W: All right. Thank you very much. Conversation 5 M: Betty? Betty, is that you? My gosh, I haven’t seen you for ages! How have you been? W: Oh goodness! Pete Stevens! What are you doing here? I thought you were living in London. M: I am. I’m just home for a wedding. You remember Tony Jenkins? Well, he and Sarah have finally decided to marry! W: You can’t be serious! Are they still together after all these years? Who’d have
ever thought! M: Amazing, isn’t it? Actually, they split up for five years and Tony moved to Leeds. When that didn’t work out, he came back to Liverpool for the job and…Well, you can’t imagine what happened then. W: I can’t believe this! What happened? M: He was walking down the street and ran into Sarah! Right there and then he asked her out. W: Wow! That’s fantastic I’m so happy for them. Conversation 6 W: Professor Johnson, I was deeply impressed by your lecture .I’ve learned a lot from it. M: I’m glad you liked it. W: Can I ask you some questions? M: Go ahead. W: When did man first begin to paint pictures? 10,000 years ago? M: We don’t have a clear idea of that .But. the oldest paintings discovered so far are about 20,000 years old. Paintings of large animals have been found in deep caves in southern France and northern Spain. W: Why did these ancient people paint these pictures? M: In my opinion, these people painted pictures for two reasons, First, they believed that the painted pictures could attract animals so that they could be killed and eaten. W: It seems likely that the cavemen had similar ideas. M: That’s right; second, painting was also a way for those people to express their feelings towards the outside world. W: Thank you very much, Professor Johnson. Section B Hello, everyone, Welcome to Enjoy your Life again. Tonight we have a very special show with three guests who have recently had an effect on the worlds of music, films, and sports, First up, we’ll have back with us hot Latin music star Enrique I’ll be talking with him about him about his latest CD and I’ll also be asking him about his relationship with his famous father. Next, I’ll be joined by American film actress Natalie Portman, Many of you, of course, have seen her in the recent Star Wars films. Although still only in her twenties, she already has many successes behind her, and I’ll be finding out what life was really like for her as a child star, plus, we’ll be discussing some of her future plans .My final guest today is Korean football star Ahn Jung Hwan. I will be asking him about his experiences at the World Cup, But first, a big welcome, please, for our first guest, Enrique Iglesia…