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医学学术英语词汇表


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园 Medical English Terminology 佳 护 医学英语术语学 医 539 : 860 号 538 众 Vocabulary List : 公 群 信 QQ 词汇表 (微
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01 Introduction and words analysis
Anatomy [??n?t?mi] n.解剖学 Biologist [ba???l?d??st] n.生物学家 Cardiac [?kɑ:di?k] adj.心脏的 Clinical manifestation [?kl?n?k?l ?m?n?fe?ste???n] n.临床表现 Common disease [?k?m?n d??zi:z] n.常见疾病 Electrocardiogram [??lektr???kɑ:di??gr?m] n.心电图 Enteritis [?ent??ra?t?s] 肠炎 Gastrectomy [g?s'trekt?m?] n.胃切除术 Gastritis [g??stra?t?s] n.胃炎 Gastroenterology [?g?str???ent?'r?l?d??] n.胃肠学 Hematology [?hi:m?'t?l?d??] n.血液病学 Hepatitis [?hep??ta?t?s] n.肝炎 Hyperthyroidism [?ha?p??θa?r??d?z?m] n.甲状腺功能亢进 Hypogastric [?ha?p?'g?str?k] adj.胃下的 Leukocyte ['lu:k??sa?t] n.白细胞 Prefix [?pri:f?ks] n.前缀 Root [ru:t] n.词根 Sign [sa?n] n.体征 Suffix [?s?f?ks] n.后缀 Symptom [?s?mpt?m] n.症状 Terminology [?t?:m??n?l?d?i] n. 术语学 Treatment [?tri:tm?nt] n.治疗

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02 Human body as a whole
Anterior (ventral) [?n?t??ri?(r)] [?ventr?l] adj.前面(腹侧) Body [?b?di] n.人体 Cardiovascular system [?kɑ:di???v?skj?l?(r)] n.心血管系统 Cartilage [?kɑ:t?l?d?] n. 软骨 Cell [sel] n. 细胞 Connective tissue [k??nekt?v] n.结缔组织 Deep[di:p] adj.深 Digestive system [da??d?est?v] n.消化系统 Distal [?d?stl] adj.远端 Endocrine system [?end??kr?n] n.内分泌系统 Epithelial cell [?ep?'θi:l??l] n.上皮细胞 Epithelial tissue [?ep?'θi:l??l ?t??u:] n.上皮组织 Fat cell [f?t] n.脂肪细胞 Frontal (coronary) plane [?fr?ntl (?k?r?nri) ple?n] adj.冠状面 Hematological system [?hi:m?t?'l?d??kl] n.血液系统 Histology [h??st?l?d?i] n. 组织学 Impulse [??mp?ls] n. 冲动 vt. 推动 Inferior [?n?f??ri?(r)] adj.位于…下 internal organ [in?t?:n?l ??:ɡ?n] 内脏器官 Involuntary muscle [?n?v?l?n?teri: ?m?sl] n. 不随意肌 Lateral [?l?t?r?l] adj.外侧 Lining [?la?n??] n. 黏膜 Lymphatic and immune system [l?m'f?t?k ??mju:n]淋巴与免疫系统 Medial [?mi:di?l] adj.内侧 Muscle cell [?m?sl] 肌细胞 Muscle tissue [?m?sl ?t??u:]肌肉组织 Musculoskeletal system [?m?skj?l??'skel?t?l] n.肌肉骨骼系统 Nerve cell [n?:v] n.神经细胞 Nerve tissue [n?:v ?t??u:] n.神经组织 Neurological system [?nj??r??l?d??kl] n.神经系统 Organ [??:g?n] n. 器官 Posterior (dorsal) [p??st??ri?(r)] [?d?:sl] adj.后面(背侧) Prone [pr??n] adj.俯卧 Proximal [?pr?ks?m?l] adj.近端 Reproductive system [?ri:pr??d?kt?v] n.生殖系统 Respiratory system [?resp?r?t?ri] n.呼吸系统 Sagittal (lateral) plane ['s?d??t?l (?l?t?r?l) ple?n] adj.矢状面 Sensory system [?sens?ri: ?sist?m] n.感觉系统

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Superficial [?su:p??f??l] adj.浅 Superior [su:?p??ri?(r)] adj.位于…上 Supine [?su:pa?n] adj.仰卧 System [?s?st?m] n.系统 Tissue [?t??u:] n.组织 Transverse (axial) plane [?tr?nzv?:s (??ksi?l) ple?n]横截面 Urinary system [?j??r?n?ri] n.泌尿系统 Viscera [?v?s?r?] n. 内脏 Voluntary muscle [?v?l?nt?ri ?m?sl] 随意肌

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03 Digestive System (1) Anatomy
Ampulla of vater [?m'p?l?] 壶腹部 Antrum ['?ntr?m] n.胃窦 Anus [?e?n?s] n.肛门 Appendix [??pend?ks] n.阑尾 ascending colon [??sendi? ?k?ul?n] 升结肠 Body [?b?di] n.胃体 Cardia ['kɑ:d??] n.贲门 Cecum ['si:k?m] n.盲肠 Colon[?k??l?n] n.结肠 Common bile duct [?k?m?n ba?l d?kt] 胆总管 Cystic duct [?sistik d?kt] 胆囊管 Descending colon [di?sendi? ?k?ul?n]降结肠 Duodenum [?dju:??di:n?m] n.十二指肠 Enzyme [?enza?m] n. [生化]酶 Epigastric [?ep?'g?str?k] adj. 上腹部的 Epiglottis [?ep??gl?t?s] n.会厌 Esophagus [?'s?f?ɡ?s] n.食管 Fundus ['f?nd?s] n.胃底 Gallbladder ['g?:l?bl?d?] n.胆囊 Greater curvature [ɡre?t? ?k?:v?t??(r)]胃大弯 Hepatic duct [h??p?t?k d?kt] 肝管 Ilium ['?l??m] n.回肠 Jejunum [d???d?u:n?m] n. n.空肠 large bowel [lɑ:d? ?bau?l]大肠 Lesser curvature [?les? k?:v?t??(r)]胃小弯 Liver [?l?v?(r)] n.肝脏 Lower esophageal sphincter (LES) [?l?u? i(:)?s?f??d?i(:)?l ?sfi?kt?]食管下段括约肌 Oral cavity [??r?l ?k?viti] 口腔 Pancreas [?p??kri?s] n.胰腺 Pancreatic duct [?p??kri??tik d?kt] 胰管 Pyloric sphincter[pai?l?:rik ?sfi?kt?] 幽门括约肌 Pylorus [pa?'l?:r?s] n.幽门 Rectum [?rekt?m] n.直肠 Rugae of the stomach [?ru?gei] [?st?m?k] 胃壁皱褶 Saliva [s??la?v?] n.唾液

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Salivary gland [?s?l??veri: ɡl?nd]唾液腺 Sigmoid colon [?siɡm?id ?k?ul?n]乙状结肠 Small intestine [sm?:l ?n?test?n] 小肠 Spleen [spli:n] n.脾脏 Stomach [?st?m?k] n.胃 Tongue [t??] n.舌 Transverse colon [tr?ns?v?:s ?k?ul?n]横结肠

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04 Digestive System Common diseases and clinical manifestations
abdominal distention [?b?d?m?nl dis?ten??n]腹胀 Abdominal pain [?b?d?m?nl pein]腹痛 Anal fistula [?ein?l ?fistjul?]肛裂 Angiography [?nd??'?gr?f?] n.血管造影法 Anorexia [??n??reksi?] n.厌食 Anoxia [?'n?ks??] n. 缺氧症 Apnea ['?pn??] n. 无呼吸,呼吸暂停 Appendicitis [??pend??sa?t?s] n.阑尾炎 ascites [?'sa?ts] n.腹水 Asterixis [?st?'r?ks?s] ("flapping tremor," "liver flap") n.扑翼样震颤 cardiomegaly [kɑ:d???'meg?l?] n. 心脏肥大 Cholangitis [k??l?n'd?a?t?s] n.胆管炎 Cholecystitis [?k?l?s?s'ta?t?s] n.胆囊炎 Cholelithiasis [k??l?l?'θa??s?s] n.胆石病 Colon polyps [?k??l?n ?p?lips]结肠息肉 Constipation [?k?nst??pe??n] n.便秘 Cyst [s?st] n.囊肿、膀胱 Dehydration [?diha??dre??n] n.脱水 Diarrhea [?da??'r??] n.腹泻 Disorder [d?s??rd?(r)] n. 紊乱 Diverticulitis [?da?v?t?kj??la?t?s] n.憩室炎 Diverticulosis [da?v?t?kj?'l??s?s] n.憩室 Duodenal ulcer [?dju(:)?u?di:nl ??ls?]十二指肠溃疡 Dysfunction [d?s?f??k??n] 功能失调 Dyspepsia [d?s?pepsi?] 消化不良 external hemorrhoid [?k?st?:nl hem?'r??d]外痔 Gallstone [?g?:lst??n] n.胆石 Hemorrhoid [?hem?'r??d] n.痔 hepatic encephalopathy [h??p?t?k en?sef??l?p?θi] 肝性脑病 Hepatitis A [?hep??ta?t?s] 甲肝 Hepatitis B [?hep??ta?t?s] 乙肝 Hepatitis C [?hep??ta?t?s] 丙肝 hepatomegaly [hep?t??'meg?l?] n. 肝肿大; 肝大; Hernia [?h?:ni?] n.疝 Incision [?n?s??n] n. 切口 Indigestion [??nd??d?est??n] n. 消化不良

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Inpatient [??npe??nt] n. 住院病人; Internal hemorrhoid [?n?t?:nl ?hem?'r??d] 内痔 Intestinal obstruction [?n?test?n?l ?b?str?k??n]肠梗阻 Intussusception [??nt?ss?'sep??n] n.肠套叠 Jaundice [?d??:nd?s] n.黄疸 Lack of appetite [??p?ta?t]食欲不振 Laxative [?l?ks?t?v] n.泻药 Melena [m?'li:n?] n.黑便 Nausea [?n?:zi?] n.恶心 Palmar erythema [?p?lm? ?eri?θi:m?]肝掌 Pancreatitis [?p?nkr??'ta?t?s] n.胰腺炎 Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) [?pept?k ??ls?(r)]消化性溃疡 Perforation [?p?:f??re??n] n.穿孔 Peritoneum [?per?t??ni?m] n. 腹膜 Peritonitis [?per?t??na?t?s] n.腹膜炎 Pitting Edema[?piti? i(:)?di:m?]凹陷性水肿 Portal hypertension [?p?:t?l ?ha?p??ten??n] 门静脉高压 Pyloric stenosis [pai?l?:rik sti?n?usis]幽门梗阻 Rupture [?r?pt??(r)] n.破裂 Sepsis [?seps?s] n.败血症 Severe hemorrhage [s??v??(r) 'hem?r?d?]大出血 Spider angioma[?spaid? ??nd?i??um?]蜘蛛痣 splenomegaly [?spli:n??'meg?l?] n.脾肿大 Steatorrhea [st??t?'r??] n.脂肪泻 Stomach ulcer [?st?m?k ??ls?]胃溃疡 Strangulated hernia [?str??gjule?t?d ?h?:ni?]绞窄性疝 Surgical indication [?s?:d??kl ??nd??ke??n] 外科适应证 Ulcerative colitis [??ls?r?tiv k?u?laitis]溃疡性结肠炎 Unconscious [?n?k?n??s] adj. 失去知觉的 Varices (esophageal varices) [i(:)?s?f??d?i(:)?l ?v?risi:z] 静脉曲张 Volvulus ['v?lvj?l?s] n.肠扭转 Vomiting ['v?m?t??] n.呕吐





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05 Digestive System (3) Treatment, roots, prefixes and suffixes
Appendicitis [??p?nd??sa?t?s] n.阑尾炎 Barium X-rays [?be?ri?m] n.钡灌肠 Bilirubin [?b?l??rub?n] n.胆红素 Cholelithiasis [k??l?l?'θa??s?s] n.胆结石 Cholestasis [?k?l?'stɑ:s?s] n. 胆汁郁积; Colorectal [k??l?'rekt?l] n.结肠直肠的 Colonoscope [k?'l?n?sk??p] n.结肠镜 Dyspepsia [d?s?pepsi?] n.消化困难 Dysphagia [d?s'fe?d???] 吞咽困难 Endoscope [?end?sk??p]内窥镜 enteritis [? ent??ra?t?s] 小肠炎 Esophageal [?is?'f?d???l] adj. 食道的,食管的; Gastrectomy [g?s'trekt?m?] n.胃切除术; Gastric resection [?g?str?k ri?sek??n]胃切除 Gastroduodenal [?g?str??du:?'di:n?l] n.胃十二指肠的 Gingiva [d??n'd?a?v?] n.齿龈 Hematemesis [?him?'tem?s?s] n. 咯血; 呕血 Ileostomy [??li'?st?mi] n.回肠造口术 Intestinal resection [?n?test?n?l ri?sek??n] n.肠切除 Laparoscope ['l?p?r??sk??p] n. 腹腔镜 Linguistics [l???ɡw?st?ks] n.语言学 Nasal [?nez?l] adj. 鼻的; 鼻音的; Nasogastric [ne?z??'g?str?k] adj. 鼻饲的; Nasogastric tube [?neiz?u?ɡ?strik tju:b] 鼻胃管 Operation [??p??re??n] n.手术 Perianal [per?'e?n?l] adj. 肛门周围的 Peritoneal lavage [per?t?'ni:?l ?l?v?d?] 腹腔灌洗 Postprandial [?po?st?pr?ndi?l] n.餐后的 Proctoscope ['pr?kt?sk??p] n.直肠镜 Rectosigmoid [rekto?s?ɡ'm??d] adj. 直肠乙状结肠的 Sengstaken-blackmore tube 三腔二囊管 Sublingual [s?b'l??gw?l] adj.舌下的,舌下腺的 Subtotal gastrectomy [?s?bt??tl g?s'trekt?m?] 胃大部分切除术 T-tube drainage [?dre?n?d?] T-管引流 Vagotomy [v?'g?t?m?] n.迷走神经切断术

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06 Respiratory System (1) Anatomy
Adenoid ['?d?n??d] n.腺体 Alveoli [?l?vi:?la?] n.肺泡( alveolus 的名词复数 ) alveolus [?l?vi:?l?s] n.肺泡 Apex [?e?peks] n. 尖 base [be?s] n.底 Bronchi [?br??ka?] n.支气管( bronchus 的名词复数 ) Bronchus [?br??k?s] n.支气管 Bronchiole ['br??k???l] n.细支气管 Epiglottis [?ep??gl?t?s] n.会厌 Erythrocyte [??r?θr?sa?t] n. 红细胞 Esophagus [?'s?f?ɡ?s] n.食管 Ethmoid sinus [eθ'm??d ?sa?n?s] n.筛窦 Exhalation [?eksh?'le??n] n. 呼出; 呼气 expiration[?eksp??re??n] n.呼 n.气 Frontal sinus [?fr?ntl ?sa?n?s] n.额窦 Hilum ['ha?l?m]肺门 Inhalation [??nh?'le??n] n. 吸入; 吸入剂 inspiration [??nsp??re??n] n.吸气 Laryngopharynx [l?r??g??'f?r??ks] n.咽喉 Larynx [?l?r??ks] n.喉 Lung [l??] n.肺 Lung capillaries ['k?p?l?r?z] n.肺毛细血管 Maxillary sinus [m?k's?l?r? ?sa?n?s] n.上颌窦 Mediastinum [?mi:d??s'ta?n?m] n.胸腔纵隔; Nasal cavity [?nez?l ?k?v?ti] n.鼻腔 Nasopharynx [?ne?zo?'f?r??ks] n.鼻咽 Nose [n??z] n.鼻 Oropharynx [?o?ro?'f?r??ks] n.口咽 Palatine tosils [?p?l?ta?n ?t?ns?l] n.腭扁桃体 paranasal sinuses [p?r?'ne?z?l ?sa?n?s] 鼻旁窦 Parietal pleura [p??rai?t?l ?plu?r?] 胸膜 Pharyngeal tonsil [f??r?nd?i?l ?t?ns?l] 咽扁桃腺 Pleural cavity [?plu?r?l ?k?viti]胸膜腔 Sphenoid sinus ['sfin??d ?sa?n?s]蝶窦 Terminal bronchiole [?t?:min?l ?br??ki?ul] 终末细支气管

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Tonsil [?t?nsl] n.扁桃体 Trachea (windpipe) [tr??ki:?] [?w?ndpa?p] n.气管 Visceral pleura [?vis?r?l ?plu?r?] 脏胸膜

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07 Respiratory System (2) Common diseases and clinical manifestations
Absent lung sounds [??bs?nt l?? 'sa?ndz]呼吸音消失 Apnea ['?pn?r] n.呼吸暂停 Asthma [??zm?] n.哮喘 Atelectasis [??t?'lekt?s?s] n.肺不张 Barrel chest [?b?r?l t?est] 桶状胸 Breath sounds [breθ sa?nd] 呼吸音 Chest pain [t??st pe?n] 胸痛 Choke [t?o?k] n.窒息 Chronic bronchitis [?kr?n?k br???ka?t?s] 慢性支气管炎 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) [?kr?n?k ?b'str?kt?v ?p?lm?neri d??ziz] 慢性阻塞性肺部疾病 Closed pneumothorax [klo?zd ?njum?'θ?r?ks] 闭合性气胸 Clubbing finger [?kl?b?? ?f??g?(r)] 杵状指 Cor pulmonale [k? p?lm?'n?l?] 肺源性心脏病 Crackles [?kr?k?lz] n.湿罗音 Cyanosis [?sa??'no?s?s] n.紫绀 Diminished lung sounds [d?'m?n??t l?? 'sa?ndz]呼吸音减弱 Dyspnea [d?sp'ni?] n.呼吸困难 Emphysema [?emf??si:m?] n. 肺气肿 Flail chest [fle?l] 连枷胸 Hypoxia [ha??pɑksi?] n.组织缺氧 Labored respiration [?leb?d ?resp??re??n]呼吸费力 lung cancer [l?? ?k?ns?(r)] 肺癌 Mediastinal flutter [?mi:d??s'ta?n?l fl?t?(r)]纵隔扑动 Night sweat [na?t swet]夜间盗汗 Orthopnea [?'θ?pnj?] n.端坐呼吸 Paradoxical chest movement[?p?r?'d?ks?kl t?est ?muvm?nt]胸部反常呼吸 Pinky frothy sputum [?p??ki ?fr?θi ?spju:t?m] 粉红色泡沫样痰 pleural effusion ['pl??r? ??fju??n] 胸腔积液 Pleural friction rub [?plu?r?l ?frik??n r?b] 胸膜摩擦音 pleurisy [?pl??r?si] n.胸膜炎, 肋膜炎 pleuritis [pl??'ra?t?s] n.胸膜炎,肋膜炎 Pneumococcal [?nju?m?'k?k?l] n. 肺炎球菌的 Pneumonia [nu?mo?ni?] n.肺炎 Pneumothorax [?njum?'θ?r?ks] n. 气胸

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pulmonary abscess [?p?lm?neri ??bses]肺肿脓 pulmonary edema [?p?lm?neri ?'dim?] 肺水肿 pulmonary infarction [?p?lm?neri in?fɑ:k??n] 肺梗死 Rhonchi ['rɑ?k?] 干罗音 Stridor ['stra?d?] 尖锐的声响; 喘鸣 Suffocate [?s?f?ke?t] n.窒息 Tension pneumothorax [?t?n??n ?njum?'θ?r?ks]张力性气胸 tuberculosis (TB) [tju:?b?:kju?l??s?s] n.结核 Wheeze [wi:z] v.喘息

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08 Respiratory system (3) Treatment, roots, prefixes and suffixes
Alveolar [?l?vi:?l?(r)] adj.肺泡的 amniocentesis [??mni??sen?ti:s?s] n.羊水穿刺 Apnea ['?pn??] n.呼吸暂停 atelectasis [??t?'lekt?s?s] n.肺不张 Bronchiectasis [br??k?'ekt?s?s] n.支气管扩张 Chest tube [t?est tju:b]胸管 Cyanosis [?sa??'n??s?s] n. 紫绀 Dyspnea [d?s'pni:?] n.呼吸困难 Endotracheal intubation [?end??'tre?k??l '?ntj?be??n]气管内插管 Expectorant [?k?spekt?r?nt] n.化痰剂 Hypercapnia [?ha?p?'k?pn??] n.高碳酸血症 Hypoxemia [?ha?p?k'si:m??] n.低氧血症 Hypoxia [ha??p?ksi?] n.组织缺氧 Laryngectomy [?l?r?n'd?ekt?m?] n.喉切除术 Lobectomy [l??'bekt?m?] n.肺叶切除术 Mask [m?sk] n.面罩 Orthopnea [?:'θ?pnj?] n.端坐呼吸 Phrenic nerve [?frenik n?:v] 隔神经 Pleural effusion [?plu?r?l ??fju:??n]胸腔积液 Pneumothorax [?nju:m?'θ?:r?ks] n.气胸 Spirometer[?spa??'r?m?t?] n. 肺活量计 Thoracocentesis [θ?:r?k?'s?nt?z?s] n.胸穿 Tracheostomy [?tre?k?'?st?m?] n.气管造口 Tracheotomy [?tr?ki??t?mi] n.气管切开术 Ventilator [?vent?le?t?(r)] n.呼吸机

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09 Cardiovascular System (1) Anatomy
Abdominal aorta [?b?d?m?n?l e???:t? ]腹主动脉 Anterior internodal tract [?n?t??ri?(r) ?int??n?ud?l tr?kt]前结间束 Aorta [e???:t?] n.主动脉 Aortal valve[e?'?:t?l v?lv]主动脉瓣 Arch of the aorta [ɑ:t?] [e???:t?]主动脉弓 arteriole [ɑ:?t??ri??l] n.(导入毛细血管的)小动脉 artery [?ɑ:t?ri] n.动脉 Atrioventricular(AV) bundle [?e?tr???ven'tr?kj?l? ?b?ndl]房室束(也称为:希氏束 bundles of His) Atrioventricular(AV) node [?e?tr???ven'tr?kj?l? n?ud]房室结 atrium [?e?tri?m] n.心房 Bachmann’s bundle [?b?ndl]房间束 Brachial artery [?breiki?l ?ɑ:t?ri]肱动脉 capillary [k??p?l?ri] n. 毛细血管 Common carotid artery [?k?m?n k??r?tid ?ɑ:t?ri]颈总动脉 Conduction system [k?n?d?k??n ?sist?m]传导系统 Dorsalis pedis artery [d?s'l?s 'ped?s ?ɑ:t?ri]足背动脉 Inferior vena cava [?n?f??ri?(r)] [?vi:n? ?ke?v?]下腔静脉 Left / right bundle branch [l?ft] [ra?t] [?b?ndl br?nt?]左/右间束 Middle internodal tract [?m?dl ?int??n?ud?l tr?kt]中结间束 Mitral valve [?maitr?l v?lv] 二尖瓣 Popliteal artery[p?p?liti?l ?ɑ:t?ri] 腘动脉 Posterior internodal tract [p??st??ri?(r) ?int??n?ud?l tr?kt]后结间束 Posterior tibial artery [p??st??ri?(r) 't?b??l ?ɑ:t?ri]胫后动脉 Pulmonary artery [?p?lm?neri ?ɑ:t?ri]肺动脉 pulmonary circulation [?p?lm?neri ?s?:kju?lei??n]肺循环 pulmonary valve [p?lm?neri v?lv]肺动脉瓣 pulmonary veins [p?lm?neri 've?nz]肺静脉 Radial artery [?re?di:?l ?ɑ:t?ri]桡动脉 Septum [?sept?m] n.室间隔 Sinoatrial (SA) node [?sain?u?eitri?l n?ud]房室结 superior vena cava [su:?p??ri?(r) ?vi:n? ?ke?v?]上腔静脉 Systemic circulation [sis?temik ?s?:kju?lei??n] 体循环 Thoracic aorta [θ?(:)?r?sik e???:t?]胸主动脉 tissue capillaries [?t??u] ['k?p?l?r?z] 组织的毛细血管

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Tricuspid valve [tra?'k?sp?d v?lv] 三尖瓣 vein [ve?n] n.静脉 venae cavae [?vi:ni: ?ke?vi:] 腔静脉 ventricle [?ventr?kl] n.心室 venule ['venju:l] n.小静脉

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10 Cardiovascular system (2) Common diseases and clinical manifestations
Acute coronary syndrome[??kjut ?k?r?n(?)ri ?s?n?drom]急性冠状综合征 Acyanotic [e?sa??'n?t?k] n.左向右分流型(潜伏青紫型) Aneurysm [??nj?r?z?m] n.动脉瘤 angina [?n?d?a?n?] n.心绞痛 aortic regurgitation [e?'?:t?k r??ɡ?:d??'te??n] 主动脉瓣反流 aortic stenosis [e?'?:t?k st?'n??s?s] 主动脉瓣狭窄 Arrhythmia [?'r?θm??] n.心律不齐 Arteriosclerosis [ɑ:?t??ri??skl??r??s?s] n.动脉硬化 Atherosclerosis [??θ?r??skl?'r??s?s] n.动脉粥样硬化 Atrial fibrillation [?eitri?l ?f?br?'le???n] 房颤 Atrial flutter [?eitri?l ?fl?t?(r)] 房扑 Atrial Septal defect (ASD) [?eitri?l 'septl 'di:fekt] 房间隔缺损 atrioventricular block[?eitri?uven?trikjul? bl?k] 房室阻滞 coronary artery disease(CAD) [?k?r??neri ?ɑ:t?ri di?zi:z] 冠心病 bradycardia [br?d?'kɑ:d??] n.心律过缓 cardiac tamponade [?kɑ:di:?k ?t?mp??neid]心脏填塞 Chest pain [t?est pein] 胸痛 Chronic rheumatic heart disease [?kr?nik ru:?m?t?k hɑ:t di?zi:z] 慢性风湿性心脏病 Clubbing finger [?kl?b??] [?f??g?(r)]杵状指 coarctation of the aorta(CoA) [?k??ɑ:k'te???n] [e???:t?] 主动脉狭窄 congenital heart disease [k?n?d?en?tl hɑ:t di?zi:z]先天性心脏病 congestive heart failure (CHF) [k?n?d?estiv hɑ:t ?feilj?] 充血性心力衰竭 coronary heart disease (CHD) [?k?r??neri hɑ:t di?zi:z] 冠心病 Cyanosis [?sa??'n??s?s] n.紫绀 Cyanotic [sa??'n?t?k] n.右向左分流型(青紫型) Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) [di:p vein θr?m?b?usis] 深静脉血栓 Dyspnea [d?s'pni:?] n.呼吸困难 Edema [?'di:m?] n.水肿 Heart attack [hɑ:t ??t?k] 心脏病发作 heart block [hɑ:t bl?k] 心脏阻滞 Intermittent claudication [??nt??mit?nt ?kl?:di?kei??n] 间歇性跛行 Interventricular septal defect [?nt?ven'tr?kj?l?(r) 'septl 'di:fekt]室间隔缺损 Light-headed [lait ?hedid]头昏 mitral regurgitation ['ma?tr?l r??ɡ?:d??'te??n] 二尖瓣反流 mitral stenosis ['ma?tr?l st?'n??s?s]二尖瓣狭窄

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Murmur [?m?:m?(r)] n. 心脏杂音 myocardial infarction [?mai?u?kɑ:di?l in?fɑ:k??n] 心肌梗死 myocardial ischemia(MI) [?mai?u?kɑ:di?l is?ki:mi?]心肌缺血 Orthopnea [?:'θ?pnj?] n.端坐呼吸 patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) [?p?tnt 'd?kt?s] 肺动脉导管未闭 Patent formen ovale (PFO) [??'ve?l] 卵圆孔未闭 Pericarditis [?per?kɑ:'da?t?s] n.心包炎 peripheral arterial disease(PAD) [p??r?f?r?l ɑ:'t??r??l d??zi:z] 周围动脉血管疾病 Pigmentation [?p?gmen?te??n] n.色素沉着 pulmonary regurgitation [?p?lm?n?ri r??ɡ?:d??'te??n]肺动脉瓣反流 pulmonary stenosis [?p?lm?n?ri st?'n??s?s]肺动脉瓣狭窄 Squatting [sk'w?t??] n.蹲踞 Syncope [?s??k?pi] n.昏厥 tachycardia [?t?k?'kɑ:d??] n.心律过快 Tetralogy of Fallot [te'tr?l?d??] 法络四联征 Thrombophlebitis [?θr?mb??fl?'ba?t?s] 静脉炎 tricuspid stenosis [tra?'k?sp?d st?'n??s?s]三尖瓣狭窄 Tricuspid valve regurgitation [trai?k?spid v?lv r??ɡ?:d??'te??n]三尖瓣反流 Unstable Angina [?n?d?a?n?] 不稳定心绞痛 Valvular insufficiency (regurgitation) [?v?lvjul? ??ns??f???nsi:] 瓣膜闭锁不全 Valvular stenosis [?v?lvjul? st?'n??s?s] 瓣膜狭窄 varicose veins [?v?r?k??s ?ve?n] 静脉曲张 ventricular fibrillation [ven?trikjul? ?f?br?'le???n] 室颤 ventricular flutter [ven?trikjul? ?fl?t?]室扑





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011 Cardiovascular system (3) Treatment, roots, prefixe and suffixes
Anemia [?'ni:mi:?] n. 贫血 Angiography [?nd??'?gr?f?] n.血管造影 Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor(ACEI) [??nd????'tens?n k?n'v?:t?? ?enza?m ?n?h?b?t?(r)]血管紧张素转换酶抑制剂 Angiotensin II receptor antagonist[??nd????'tens?n r??sept?(r) ?n't?ɡ?n?st]血管紧张素 II 受体拮抗剂 Aortogram [e??:'t?ɡr?m] n.主动脉造影片 Arrhythmia [?'r?θm??] n.心律不齐 Arterial [ɑ:'t??r??l] n.动脉的 Atherosclerosis [??θ?r??skl?'r??s?s] n.动脉粥样硬化 beta-blocker ['bl?k?] n.β-受体阻滞剂 Bradycardia [br?d?'kɑ:d??] n.心率过缓 calcium channel blocker [?k?lsi?m ?t??nl 'bl?k?]钙通道阻滞药 cardiac biomarker [?kɑ:di?k 'ba??mɑ:k?r]心脏生物标志物 cardiac catheterization [k?θ?ra?'ze???n]心导管插入法 Cardiac[?kɑ:di?k] n.心脏的 Cardiogenic [?kɑ:d???'d?en?k] n.心源性的 Cardiovascular [?kɑ:di???v?skj?l?(r)] n.心血管的 catheter ablation [?k?θ?t?(r) ??ble??n]导管消融术 coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) [?k?r??neri ?ɑ:t?ri ?baipɑ:s ?ɡrɑ:fti?]冠状动脉旁路移 植术 Coronary artery [?k?r??neri ?ɑ:t?ri]冠状动脉 Defibrillation[?di:f?br??le??n n.] n.心脏除颤 Digitalis [?d?d???te?l?s] n.洋地黄 Diuretics [da?'j??ret?ks]利尿剂 electrocardiography (ECG) [elektr??'kɑ:d???ɡr?f?] n.心电图检查 Embolism [?emb?l?z?m] n.血栓 Endarterectomy [endɑ:t?'rekt?m?]n.动脉内膜切除术 Endoscope [?end?sk??p] n.内窥镜 extracorporeal circulation[?ekstr?k?:?p?:ri?l ?s?:kj??le??n] n.体外循环 HDL - “Good Cholesterol” 高密度脂蛋白 heart transplantation [?tr?nspl?n?te??n]心脏移植 Hyperemia [?ha?p?'ri:m??] n.充血 Hypertension [?ha?p??ten?n] n. 高血压 Hypoglycemia [?ha?p??gla?'si:m??] n.低血糖 Ischemia [?s'ki:m??] n.缺血

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LDL - “Bad Cholesterol” 低密度脂蛋白 Lipid/cholesterol test panels (lipid profile) [?l?p?d k??lest?r?l]血脂全套 Myospasm [ma??s'p?z?m] n.肌肉痉挛 Nitroglycerin [?na?tr??'ɡl?s?r?n] n.硝酸甘油 Statins [s'te?t?nz] n.他汀类药 percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) [?p?:kju:?te?ni?s ?k?r??neri ??nt?'ven?n] 经皮冠状 动脉介入治疗 Percutaneous [?p?:kju:?te?ni?s] n. 经皮的 Phlebitis [fl??ba?t?s] n.静脉炎 Rheumatology [?ru:m??t?l?d?i] n.风湿病学 sphygmomanometer [?sf?gm??m?'n?m?t?:] n. 血压计,血压测量计 Stethoscope [?steθ?sk??p] n.听诊器 Supraventricular [s?pre?vent'r?kj?l?] n.室上的 Tachycardia [?t?k?'kɑ:d??] n.心率快 Thrombocyte ['θr?mb?sa?t] n.血小板 Total Cholesterol [?t?ut?l k??lest?r?l] 总胆固醇 transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) [tr?nz'k?θet?r e?'?:t?k v?lv replacement] 经 导管主动脉瓣置换术 Triglyceride [tra?'gl?s?ra?d] n.甘油三酯 Valvuloplasty [v?lvj?'l?pl?st?] n.瓣膜成形术 Vasopressor [v?s??'pres?] n.血管加压药





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012 Urinary sytem (1) Anatomy
Abdominal aorta [?b?d?m?n?l e???:t?] 腹主动脉 Afferent arteriole [??f?r?nt ɑ:?tiri?ul]入球小动脉 Bladder [?bl?d?(r)] n.膀胱 Bowman’s capsule [?bom?nz] [?k?psju:l] 肾小球囊,鲍曼氏囊 Cortex [?k?:teks] n.肾皮质 Efferent arteriole [?ef?r?nt ɑ:?tiri?ul] 出球小动脉 Erythropoietin (EPO) [?r?θr?'p???t?n] n. 红细胞生成素; Excretion [?k'skri:?n] n. (动植物的)排泄,排泄物; Filtration [f?l?tre??n] n. 过滤; 滤清; 滤除; Glomerular capillaries [ɡ'l?mrj?l?] ['k?p?l?r?z]肾小球毛细血管; Glomeruli [gl??'me?rj?l?] n.肾小球(复数) Glomerulus [gl??'me?rj?l?s] n.肾小球(单数) Inferior vena cava [?n?f??ri?(r) ?vi:n? ?ke?v?]下腔静脉 Kidney [?k?dni] n.肾脏 Major calyxes [?me?d??(r)] ?keiliksiz]肾大盏 medulla [m?'d?l?] n.肾髓质 Minor calyxes [?ma?n?(r) ?keiliksiz]肾小盏 Nephron['nefr?n] n.肾单元 Peritubular capillaries ['k?p?l?r?z] 肾小管周围毛细血管 Prostate gland[?pr?steit ɡl?nd]前列腺 Reabsorption [ri:?b's?:p??n] n. 再吸收 Renal capsule[?ri:n?l ?k?psju:l]肾包膜 renal columns [?ri:n?l ?k?l?m]肾柱 Renal hilum ['ha?l?m] 肾门 Renal papilla [?ri:n?l p??pil?]肾乳头 renal pelvis [?ri:n?l ?pelv?s] 肾盂 Renal pyramids [?ri:n?l ?pir?mid]肾锥体 Renal tubules [?ri:n?l 'tju:bju:l] 肾小管 Renal vein [?ri:n?l vein] 肾静脉 Renin ['ri:n?n] n. 肾素 Secretion [s??kri:?n] n. 分泌; 分泌物 Trigone['tra?g??n] n.膀胱三角区 Ureter [j?'ri:t?] n.输尿管 Ureter orifice [j?'ri:t? ??r?f?s] 输尿管开口 Urethra [j??ri:θr?] n.尿道 Urinary meatus [?j??r?n?ri mi(:)?eit?s]尿道外口

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13 Urinary System (2) Common diseases and clinical manifestations
Acute renal failure [??kju:t ?ri:n?l ?feilj?]急性肾功能衰竭 Anuria [?n'j??r??] n.无尿 Benign enlargement of prostate [b??na?n ?n?lɑ:d?m?nt ?v ?pr?ste?t] 前列腺良性增生 bladder cancer [?bl?d? ?k?ns?]膀胱癌 Bladder stone [?bl?d? st?un]膀胱结石 chronic renal failure [?kr?n?k ?ri:n?l ?feilj?]慢性肾功能衰竭 Cystitis [s??sta?t?s] n.膀胱炎 Extraperitoneal bladder rupture [ekst're?p?r?t??n??l ?bl?d?(r) ?r?pt??(r)]腹膜外型膀胱破裂 Facial edema [?fe??l ?'di:m?] n.面部水肿 periorbital edema ['p??r??b?tl ?'di:m?] n.眼周水肿 Glomerulonephritis [gl??merj?l??nef'ra?t?s] n.肾小球肾炎 Gross hematuria [ɡr?us ?hi:m??tjuri?] 肉眼血尿 Hematuria [?hi:m?'tju:r??] n.血尿 Hyperlipidemia ['ha?p?l?p?'di:m??] n.高脂血症 Hypertension [?ha?p??ten?n] n.高血压 Hypoalbuminemia [ha?p???lbju:m?'ni:m??] n.低蛋白血症 Hyponatremia [ha?p?n?'trem??] n.低钠血症 Intraperitoneal bladder rupture [?ntr?per?t?'ni:?l ?bl?d?(r) ?r?pt??(r)]腹膜内型膀胱破裂 Kidney carcinoma[?k?dni ?kɑ:s??n??m?]肾癌 Microscopic hematuria [?ma?kr??sk?p?k ?hi:m??tjuri?] n.镜下血尿 Nephroblastoma [nefr?b'lɑ:st?m?] 肾母细胞瘤 Nephrolithiasis [nefr??l?'θa??s?s] n.肾结石 nephrosis[n?'fr??s?s]) n.肾病综合征 Nephrotic syndrome [ne?fr?tik ?sindr?um]肾病综合征 Oliguria[?l?'gj??r??] n.少尿 Overflow incontinence [??uv??fl?u in?k?ntin?ns]充盈性尿失禁 Painless hematuria [?pe?nl?s ?hi:m??tjuri?] 无痛性血尿 Prostate cancer [?pr?steit ?k?ns?]前列腺癌 prostatic hyperplasia ['pr?ste?t?k? ha?p?'ple???]前列腺增生 Proteinuria [pr??ti:n'j??r??] n.蛋白尿 Pyelonephritis[pa??l??n?'fra?t?s] n.肾盂肾炎 Pyuria [pa?'j??r??] n.脓尿 renal hypertension [?ri:n?l ?ha?p??ten??n] 性高血压 Stress incontinence [stres in?k?ntin?ns]压力性尿失禁 Urethral stricture [j?'riθr?l ?str?kt??(r)]尿道狭窄

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Urge incontinence [?:d? in?k?ntin?ns]急迫性尿失禁 Urinary incontinence [?j??r?n?ri in?k?ntin?ns]尿失禁 Urinary retention [?j??r?n?ri ?ten??n]尿潴留 Wilms tumor Wlim’s ['tju:m?] 肿瘤

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14 Urinary System (3) Treatment, roots, prefixes and suffixes
Albuminuria [?lbj?m?n'j??r??] n.蛋白尿 Azotemia [?z?'ti:m??] n.氮质血症 Bacteriuria [b?kt??'j??r??] n.细菌尿 blood urea nitrogen (BUN) [bl?d j??ri:? ?naitr?d??n] 血尿素氮 creatinine clearance [kri:??tini:n ?kli?r?ns] 肌酐清除率 Cystoscopy [s?s't?sk?p?] n.膀胱镜检查 Cystotomy [s?s't?t?m?] n.膀胱切开(造瘘)术 diabetes insipidus [da???bi:ti:z ?n?s?p?d?s]尿崩症 Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR [ɡ'l?mrj?l? fil?trei??n reit]肾小球滤过率 Glomerulitis [gl?merj?'la?t?s] n.肾小球炎 Glycosuria [?gla?k??'sj??r??] n.糖尿 Intravesical [?ntre?'ves?k?l] n.膀胱内的 Ketonuria [ki:t??'nj??r??] n.酮尿 Lithiasis [l?'θa??s?s] n.结石病 Meatal stenosis ['mi:tl st?'n??s?s]尿道口狭窄 Nephrectomy[n?'frekt?m?] n.肾切除术 nephritis [ne'fra?t?s] n.肾炎 Nephropathy [n?'fr?p?θ?] n.肾病 Nocturia [n?k'tj??r??] n.夜尿增多 Oliguresis [?l?gj?'ri:s?s]少尿 Pyelogram ['pa??l?gr?m] n.肾盂 X 线(照)片 pyuria [pa?'j??r??] n.脓尿 renal angiography [?ri:n?l ??nd?i:??gr?fi:] n.肾血管造影[术] renal calculi ['k?lkj?la?]肾结石 Renal [?ri:nl]adj.肾的 retrograde pyelogram (RP) [?retr??gre?d ?pai?l?ɡr?m]逆行性肾盂造影片 Uremia [j?'ri:m??] n.尿毒症 Ureterostenosis [j??ri:t?r?ste'n??s?s] n.输尿管狭窄 Urethralgia [j??ri:θ'r?ld?? n.]尿道痛; Urinary Casts [?j??r?n?ri kɑ:sts] 尿管形: urinary catheterization [k?θ?ra?'ze???n] 尿道导管插入术 urinary obstruction [?j??r?n?ri ?b?str?k??n] 尿路梗阻 urinary tract infection (UTI) [?j??r??neri: tr?kt in?fek??n] 泌尿系感染 urography [j??'r?gr?f?] n. 尿路造影术 Vesicotomy [?ves?'k?t?m?] n.膀胱切开(造瘘)术

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15 Nervous System (1) Anatomy
Acetylcholine [??s?t?l'k?li:n] n.乙酰胆碱 Afferent neuron [??f?r?nt ?n??r??n] 传入神经元 Arachnoid mater [??r?kn?id ?me?t?] 蛛网膜 astrocyte['?str?sa?t] n. 星形胶质细胞 Automatic nerve [??:t??m?t?k n?:v] 自主神经 Axon [??ks?n] 轴突 Basal ganglia [?beis?l ?ɡ??ɡli?]基底神经节 Blood-brain barrier [?bl?d?bre?n ?b?ri?(r)] 血脑屏障 Brain stem [brein stem]脑干 Cell body [sel ?b?di]胞体 Cell nucleus [sel ?nju:kli?s]细胞核 Central canal [?sentr?l k??n?l] 中央管 Cerebellum [?ser??bel?m] n.小脑 Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) [?seribr?u?spainl ?flu:?d] 脑脊液 Cerebrum [s??ri:br?m] n.大脑 Corpus callosum [?k?:p?s kɑ:'l??s?m] 胼胝体 Cranium [?kre?ni?m] n.颅骨 Dendrite [?dendra?t]树 n.突 Dopamine [?d??p?mi:n] n.多巴胺 Dorsal root ganglion [?d?:s?l ru:t ?ɡ?ɡli?n]背根神经节 Dura mater ['dj??r? ?me?t?] 硬脑膜 Efferent neuron [?ef?r?nt ?n??r??n]传出神经元 ependymal cell [e'pend?m?l]室管膜细胞 Epinephrine [?ep?'nefr?n] n.肾上腺素 Frontal lobe [?fr?ntl l??b]额叶 Gray matter [ɡrei ?m?t?]灰质 Gyri ['d?a??ra?] n.回 Hypothalamus[?ha?p??θ?l?m?s] n.下丘脑 Medulla oblongata[[m?'d?l? ?bl??'ɡɑ:t?]延髓 microglial cell [ma?kr???ɡlai?l sel]小胶质细胞 Myelin sheath [?mai?li(:)n ?i:θ] 髓鞘 Neuroglial cell [nj??r??'ɡl??l 'sel] 神经胶质细胞 Neurotransmitter [?nj??r??tr?nzm?t?(r)] n.神经递质 occipital lobe [?k?sipitl l??b]枕叶 oligodendroglial cell 少突胶质细胞

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Parasympathetic nerve [?p?r??s?mp?'θet?k] 副交感神经 Parietal lobe [p??rai?t?l l??b]顶叶 Pia mater [?pai? ?me?t?]软脑膜 Pituitary gland [p??tu:??teri: ɡl?nd]垂体 Pons [p?nz] n.脑桥 Scalp [sk?lp] n.头皮 Skull [sk?l] n.颅骨 Spinal cord [?spa?n?l k?:d]脊髓 Subarachnoid space [?s?b??r?kn?id speis] 蛛网膜下腔 Subdural space [s?b?dju?r?l speis] 硬膜下腔隙 Sulci [s?ls?] n.沟 Sympathetic Nerve [?s?mp??θet?k] n.交感神经 Synapse [?sa?n?ps] n.突触 temporal lobe [?temp?r?l l??b]枕叶 Terminal end fibers [?t?:m?nl end ?faib?z]神经末梢 Thalamus ['θ?l?m?s] n.丘脑 Ventral root of spinal nerve (efferent-motor) [?ventr?l ru:t]脊神经前根 White matter [hwait ?m?t?]白质





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16 Nervous System (2) Common diseases and clinical manifestations
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(ALS) [?e?ma???tr??f?k ?l?t?r?l skl??r??s?s]肌萎缩侧索硬化症 Brain tumor [brein ?tju:m?]脑部肿瘤 Brudzinski’s sign (Severe neck stiffness)脑膜炎的一种体征 Cerebral concussion [?ser?br?l k?n?k???n] 脑震荡 Cerebral contusion [?ser?br?l k?n?tju:??n] 脑挫伤 Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) [?seribr?u?v?skjul? ??ksid?nt]脑血管意外 Confusion [k?n?fju:?n] n.意识模糊 Cushing reflex [?ku?i? ?ri:?fleks]库欣反应 (二慢一高) Cushing’s triad [?tra??d] 库欣三组征 cystica ['s?st?k?] n.包囊 decerebrate posture [di:'ser?bre?t ?p?st??(r)] n.去大脑强直 decorticate posture [di:'k?:t?ke?t ?p?st??(r)] n.去皮质强直 Delirium [d??l?ri?m] n.谵忘 encephalitis [en?sef??la?t?s] n.脑炎 Epidural hematoma [?epi?dju?r?l ?hi:m??t?um?] 硬膜外血肿 Epilepsy [?ep?lepsi] n.癫痫 Full of consciousness [f?l ?v ?k?n??sn?s]神志清楚 Glasgow Coma Scale [?ɡlɑ:sɡ?u ?k??m? skeil]格拉斯哥昏迷评分法 Hydrocephalus ['ha?dr??'sef?l?s] n.脑积水 Intracranial pressure (ICP) [?intr??kreini?l ?pre??]颅内压 Kernig’s sign (severe stiffness of hamstrings) 脑膜炎的一种体征 Lethargy [?leθ?d?i] n.嗜睡 Level of consciousness (LOC) 意识状态 Meningitis [?men?n?d?a?t?s] n.脑膜炎 meningocele [m?'n??g?si:l] n. 脑(脊)膜突出 Migraine [?mi:gre?n] n.偏头痛 multiple sclerosis (MS) [?m?ltipl skl??r??s?s]多发性硬化 myasthenia gravis (MG) [?ma??s'θi:n?? ?gr?v?s]重症肌无力 Myelomeningocele [ma??l??m?'n??g?si:l] n.脊髓脊膜突出 Neutral tube defects [?nju:tr?l tju:b 'di:fekts]神经管畸形 Palsy [?p?:lzi] n.瘫痪 Papilloedema [p?p?l???'di:m?]视神经乳头水肿 Parkinson disease [?pɑ:kins?n di?zi:z]帕金森病 Periorbital ecchymosis ['p??r??b?tl ?ek?'m??s?s]眼眶青紫 Projectile vomiting[pr??d??kt?l 'v?m?t??]喷射性呕吐

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Senile dementia [?si:?na?l di?men?i?]老年性痴呆 spina bifida [?spa?n? ?b?f?d?]脊柱裂 Spina bifida cystica with meningocele ['spa?n?] ~ ['s?st?k?] ~ [m?'n??g?si:l]脊膜膨出型 Spina bifida cystica with myelomeningocele ~ [ma??l??m?'n??g?si:l] 脊髓脊膜膨出型 Spina bifida occulta 隐性脊柱裂 Stiff neck [stif nek] 颈项强直 subdural hematoma [s?b?dju?r?l ?hi:m??t?um?]硬膜下血肿 transforamen magna herniation ~ [?h?:n?'e???n]枕骨大孔疝 transtentorial herniation ~ [?h?:n?'e???n]小脑幕切迹疝 Unconsciousness [?n?k?n??sn?s] n.意识丧失

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17 Nervous System (3) Treatment, roots, prefixes and suffixes
Analgesia [??n?l?d?i:zi?] n.镇痛,痛觉消失 Aphasia [??fe?zi?] n.失语症 Apraxia [e?'pr?ks??] n.失用症 Ataxia [??t?ksi?] n.共济失调 Bradykinesia [bre?da?k?'ni:zj?] n.运动徐缓 Cerebellar [ser?'bel?] adj.小脑的 Cerebellopontine [se??'bel?p?nta?n] adj.小脑脑桥的 cerebral angiography [?ser?br?l ??nd?i:??gr?fi:]脑血管造影术 Cerebrospinal fluid [?seribr?u?spainl ?flu:?d] 脑脊液 Comatose [?k??m?t??s]adj.昏迷的 computed tomography (CT) of the brain [k?m?pju:tid] [t??m?gr?fi] 脑部计算机断层扫描 craniotomy [?kre?n?'?t?m?] n.开颅术; Doppler ultrasound studies [?d?pl? ??ltr??saund]~多普勒超声检查 Dyskinesia [?d?sk?'ni:??] n.运动障碍 Dyslexia [d?s?leksi?] n.阅读障碍 electroencephalography(EEG) [?'lektr??ensef?'l?gr?f?] n.脑电图检查 Encephalitis [en?sef??la?t?s] n.脑炎 epidural hematoma [?epi?dju?r?l ?hi:m??t?um?]硬膜外血肿 Epilepsy [?ep?lepsi] n.癫痫 Hemiparesis [hem?p?'ri:s?s] n.轻偏瘫 Hemiplegia [?hem?'pli:d???] n.半身不遂 Hypalgesia [?h?p?l'd?i:z??] n.痛觉减退 Hyperesthesia [?ha?p?res'θi:??] n.感觉过敏 Hypothalamus [?ha?p??θ?l?m?s] n.下丘脑 Infratentorial surgery [?nfre?tn't?:r??l] [?s?:d??ri]幕下开颅手术 Intrathecal injection [?intr??θi:k?l in?d?ek??n] 鞘内注射 lumbar puncture (LP) [?l?mb? ?p??kt??]腰穿(spinal tap) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)[m?ɡ?netik ?rez?n?ns i?m?d?i?] 磁共振成像 Meningeal [m?'n?nd???l] adj.脑膜的 Meningioma [m?n?nd??'??m?] n.脑(脊)膜瘤 Myelomeningocele [ma??l??m?'n??g?si:l] n.脊髓脊膜突出 Myelopathy [ma??'l?p?θ?] n.脊髓病 Neuralgia [nj???r?ld??] n.神经痛 Neuropathy [?nj??'r?p?θ?] n.神经病变 paraventriculostomy[pɑ:r?ventr?kj?'l?st?m?] 侧脑室引流术 positron emission tomography (PET) scan [?p?zitr?n ??m???n t??m?ɡr?fi sk?n] 正电子发射断

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层扫描 Subdural hematoma [s?b?dju?r?l ?hi:m??t?um?]硬膜下血肿 supratentorial surgery [s?p'r?tnt?:r??l] [?s?:d??ri]幕上开颅手术 Trans-sphenoidal approaches [tr?nz] [s'fi:n???dl] [??pro?t?iz] 经蝶窦途径 Vagal ['ve?g?l]adj.迷走神经的 ventriculoperitoneal shunt [ven?trikjul?u?perit?u?ni:?l ??nt] 脑室腹膜分流术

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18 Endocrine system Anatomy
adenohypophysis [?d?n??ha?'p?f?s?s] n.腺(性)垂体(前叶); Adrenal gland[??dri:nl gl?nd]肾上腺 Adrenaline [?'dren?l?n]v 肾上腺素 adrenocorticotropic hormone [?'dri:n???k?:t?k??'tr?p?k] 促肾上腺皮质激素 Aldosterone [?l'd?st?r??n] n.醛固酮 Androgen [??ndr?d??n] n.雄激素 Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) [??nt?dɑ?j?'ret?k] 抗利尿激素(加压素) Calcitonin [?k?ls?'t??n?n] n.降 n.血钙素 Catecholamines [k?t?'k??l?ma?nz] n.儿茶酚胺类 Corticosteroids [?k?:t?k??s't?r??d]皮质类固醇 Cortisol ['k?:t?s?l] n.皮质醇 Epinephrine [?ep?'nefr?n] n.肾上腺素 Estrogen [??str?d??n] n.雌激素 Follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) [?f?l?kl]促卵泡生成素 Glucagon ['glu:k??g?n] n.胰高血糖素 Glucocorticoid [glu:k??'k?:t?k??d] n.糖皮质激素 Gonadotropic hormones [?g?n?d??'tr?p?k]促性腺激素 Growth hormone (GH) [ɡr?uθ ?h?:?m??n]生长激素 hypophysis[ha?'p?f?s?s] n.垂体 Hypothalamus[?ha?p??θ?l?m?s] n.下丘脑 Insulin [??nsj?l?n] n.胰岛素 Islet cells [?a?l?t selz] 胰岛细胞 isthmus [??sm?s] n.峡部 Kidney [?k?dni] n.肾脏 Luteinizing hormone (LH) [?lu:ti:inaiz??]黄体生成素 melatonin [ ?mel??t??n?n] n.褪黑激素 Mineralocorticoid [m?nr?l?'k?:t?k??d] n.盐皮质激素 neurohypophysis [nj??r??ha?'p?f?s?s] n. 神经垂体,垂体后叶 Noradrenaline [n?:r?'dren?l?n] n.去甲肾上腺素 Norepinephrine [?n?:rep?'nefr?n] n.去甲肾上腺素 Ovary [???v?ri] n.卵巢 Oxytocin (OT) [??ks?'t??s?n] n.催产素 Pancreas [?p??kri?s] n.胰腺 Parathyroid gland [?p?r??θair?id ɡl?nd] n.甲状旁腺 Parathyroid hormone (PTH) [?p?r??θair?id ?h?:?m??n]甲状旁腺激素

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Pineal gland [pai?ni?l ɡl?nd] n.松果体 Pituitary gland [p??tu:??teri: ɡl?nd]垂体 Progesterone [pr??d?est?ro?n] n.孕激素 Prolactin (PRL) [pr?'l?kt?n] n.催乳素 Somatotropin (STH) [?s??m?t??'tr??p?n] n.生长激素 Testis [?test?s] n.睾丸 Testosterone [te?st?st?ro?n] n.睾酮 Thymus [?θa?m?s] n.胸腺 Thyroid cartilage [?θa??r??d ?kɑ:tl?d?] n.甲状软骨 Thyroid gland [?θa??r??d ɡl?nd] n.甲状腺 Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) 促甲状腺激素 thyrotropin [θa?r??'tr??p?n] n.促甲状腺激素 Thyroxine [θa?'r?ks?(:)n] n.甲状腺素 Triodothyronine[tra?a??d??'θa?r?n?n] n.三碘甲状腺原氨酸 Vasopressin [?v?s??'pres?n] n.抗利尿激素(加压素)





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19 Endocrine system (2) Common diseases and clinical manifestations
Acromegaly [??kr?'meg?l?] n.肢端肥大症 Addison disease [??disn di?zi:z] 艾迪生病; Addisonian Crisis 急性肾上腺皮质危象 amenorrhea [e??men?'ri:?] n.闭经 anorexia [??n??reksi?] n.厌食 apathy [??p?θi] n.冷淡 bruise [bru:z] n.青紫 buffalo hump [?b?f?l?u h?mp] 水牛背 Bulging eyes [?b?ld???]眼球突出 Central Nervous System irritability [?sentr?l ?n?:v?s ?sist?m ??r?t?'b?l?t?] CNS 兴奋 Chovstek’s sign (低钙血症表现) Cushing syndrome [?ku?i? ?sindr?um] 库欣综合征,皮质醇增多症 Dawn phenomenon [d?:n fi?n?min?n]黎明现象 Diabetes insipidus (DI) [?da???bi:ti:z ?n?s?p?d?s]尿崩症 Diabetes mellitus (DM) [? ?da???bi:ti:z melit?s] 糖尿病 Diabetic ketoacidosis[?da???bet?k ?ki:t?u??si?d?usis]糖尿病酮症酸中毒 Dwarfism [?dw?:f?z?m]n.侏儒症 Enlarged thyroid [in?lɑ:d?d ?θa?r??d]甲状腺肿大 Exophthalmos [?eks?f'θ?lm?s] n.突眼 Glycosuria [?gla?k??'sj??r??] n. 糖尿 gynecomastia [ga?n?k??'m?st??] n.男性乳房增大 hirsutism['h?:sju:t?z?m] n.多毛 hyperglycemia[?ha?p?gla?'si:m??]高血糖 Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS)高血糖高渗性非酮症性综合征 Hyperinsulinism [?ha?p?'?ns?l?n?z?m] n.胰岛素过多, 胰岛功能亢进 Hyperparathyroidism [ha?p?p?r?'θa?r??d?z?m] n.甲状旁腺功能亢进 Hyperthyroidism [?ha?p??θa?r??d?z?m] n.甲状腺机能亢进; Hyperventilation [?ha?p??vent?'le??n] n.通气过度 Hypoparathyroidism [ha?p??p?r?'θa?r??d?zm] n.甲状旁腺功能减退 Hypothyroidism [?ha?p???θa?r??d?z?m] n.甲状腺机能减退 Moon face[mu:n feis]满月脸 myxedema coma [?miks??di:m? ?k??m?]黏液性水肿昏迷 osteoporosis[??sti??p??r??s?s] n.骨质疏松 petechiae [p?'tek?e?t] n. 瘀点 pheochromocytoma [fi:?kr??m?sa?'t??m?] n.嗜铬细胞瘤 Polydipsia [?p?l?'d?ps??] n.烦渴

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Polyphagia [p?l?'fe?d???] n.多食 Polyuria ['p?l?'j?r??] n.多尿 purple striae [st'ra?i:] 紫色条纹 Smell of acetone [??s?t??n] 酮味 Sodium / fluid retention (edema) [r??ten?n]水钠潴留(水肿) subnormal temperature [?s?b?n?:ml ?tempr?t??(r)]体温低于正常 Susceptibility to infection [s??sept??b?l?ti]易感染 Syndrome of inappropriate ADH (SIADH)抗利尿激素分泌不当综合征 Thyroid storm [?θa??r??d st?:m]甲状腺危象 Trousseau sign [?tru:s??] (低钙血症表现)

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20 Endocrine System (3) Treatments, roots, prefixes and suffixes
Adenectomy [??d?'nekt?m?] n.腺体切除术 Adrenalectomy [?dri:n?'lekt?m?] n.肾上腺切除术 Adrenocorticotropoin [?'dri:n??k?:t?k??'tr?f?n] n.促肾上腺皮质激素 Androgen [??ndr?d??n] n.雄激素 Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) [?beis?l ?met??b?lik reit]基础代谢率 Corticosteroid [k?t?k??'st??r??d] n.皮质类固醇 Endocrinologist n.内分泌学家 Epinephrine [?ep?'nefr?n] n.肾上腺素 Euthyroid [ju:'θa??r??d] n.甲状腺机能正常的 Exophthalmometry [eks?f'θ?lm??m?tr?] n.眼球突出测量[法] Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) [?fɑ:sti? ?pl?zm? ?glu:?k??s]空腹血糖 Glucagon ['glu:k??g?n]n.胰高血糖素 Glucose tolerance test [?glu:?k??s ?t?l?r?ns test]葡萄糖耐量试验 Glycosuria [?gla?k??'sj??r??] n.糖尿 Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) [ɡl?'k??s?le?t?d ?hi:m??'gl??b?n]糖化血红蛋白 Hyperglycemia [?ha?p?gla?'si:m??] n.高血糖 Hyperkalemia [ha?p?k?'li:m??] n.高血钾 Hypoglycemia [?ha?p??gla?'si:m??] n.低血糖 Hyponatremia [ha?p?n?'trem??] n.低血钠 hypophysectomy [ha??p?f?'sekt?m?] n.垂体切除术 Hypopituitarism [?ha?p??p?'tju:?t??r?z?m] n.垂体机能减退症 Myxedema ['m?ks?'di:m?] n.粘液水肿 Oxytocin [??ks?'t??s?n] n.催产素 Panhypopituitarism [p?nha?p??p?'tju:?t?r?zm] n.全垂体功能减退 Polyuria ['p?l?'j?r??] n.多尿 Prolactin [pr?'l?kt?n] n.催乳素 Radioactive iodine uptake [?reidi?u??ktiv ?a???da?n ??p?te?k]甲状腺摄碘率 Somatotropin [?s??m?t??'tr??p?n] n.生长激素 Tetraiodothyronine[tetr?a??d?'θa?r?ni:n] n.四碘甲状腺氨酸/甲状腺素 Thyroid scan 甲状腺扫描 Thyroiditis [?θa?r??'da?t?s] n.甲状腺炎 Thyrotoxicosis ['θa?r???t?ks?'k??s?s] n.甲状腺毒症 transsphenoidal hypophysectomy[tr?nz'fi:n???dl ha??p?f?'sekt?m?]经蝶骨垂体切除术 Triiodothyronine [tra?a??d??'θa?r?n?n] n.三碘甲状腺氨酸

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21 Musculoskeletal system (1) Anatomy
Acromion [?'kr??mj?n] n.肩峰 Articular cartilage[ɑ:?tikjul? ?kɑ:tl?d?] n.关节软骨 Articulation [ɑ:?t?kju?le??n] n.关节 Cancellous bone [?k?nsil?s b?un]松质骨 Carpals ['kɑ:plz] n.腕骨 Cervical curve [?s?:vik?l k?:v] n. 颈曲 Cervical vertebrae [?s?:v?kl 'v?:t?bri:] n.颈椎 Clavicle [?kl?v?kl] n.锁骨 Coccyx [?k?ks?ks] n.尾椎 Compact bone [k?m?p?kt] n.密质骨 Cortical bone ['k?:t?kl] n.皮质骨 Costal cartilage [?k?stl ?kɑ:t?l?d?] n.肋软骨 Diaphysis [da?'?f?s?s] n.骨干 Epiphyseal line(plate) [ep?'f?s'??l]骺线 Epiphysis [?'p?f?s?s] n.骨骺 Femur [?fi:m?(r)] n.股骨 Fibula [?f?bj?l?] n.腓骨 Haversian canals 哈弗斯管(密质骨中之管) Humerus [?hju:m?r?s] n.肱骨 Ilium ['?l??m] n.髂骨 Intervertebral disks (discs) [int??v?:tibr?l disk]椎间盘 Ischium ['?sk??m] n.坐骨 Joint [d???nt] n.关节 Joint capsule [d??int ?k?psju:l]关节囊 Ligament [?l?g?m?nt] n.韧带 Lumbar curve [?l?mb? k?:v]腰曲 Lumbar vertebrae [?l?mb?(r)] ['v?:t?bri:] 腰椎 Manubrium [m?'nu:bri:?m]胸骨柄 Medullary cavity[me?d?l?ri ?k?viti]髓腔 Metacarpals [met?'kɑ:plz] n.掌骨 Metaphysis[m?'t?f?s?s] n.骺端 Metatarsal [?met??tɑ:sl] n.掌骨 Patella [p??tel?] n.髌骨 Pelvis [?pelv?s] n.骨盆 Periosteum [?per?'?st??m] n.骨膜

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Phalanges of toes [f?'l?nd?i:z]趾骨 Phalanges[f?'l?nd?i:z] n.指骨 Pubis [?pju:b?s] n.耻骨 Radius [?re?di?s] n.桡骨 Rib[r?b] n.肋骨 Sacral curve ['se?kr?l k?:v] 骶曲 Sacral vertebrae ['se?kr?l] ['v?:t?bri:] 骶椎 Sacrum [?se?kr?m] n.骶椎 Scapula [?sk?pj?l?] n.肩胛骨 Sternum [?st?:n?m] n.胸骨 Suture joint( immovable) 不动关节 symphysis Pubis[?simfisis ?pju:bis]耻骨联合 Synovial cavity[si?n?uvi?l ?k?viti]滑液腔 Synovial fluid [si?n?uvi?l ?flu:?d]滑液 Synovial joint (movable) [si?n?uvi?l d??int]滑液(活动)关节 Synovial membrane[si?n?uvi?l ?mem?bre?n]滑膜 Tarsal [?tɑ:sl] n.跗骨 Thoracic curve [θ?(:)?r?sik k?:v]胸曲 Thoracic vertebrae [θ?:'r?s?k 'v?:t?bri:]胸椎 Tibia [?t?bi?] n.胫骨 Ulna [??ln?] n.尺骨 Xiphoid process[?zif?id ?pr?uses]剑突





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22 The musculoskeletal system (2) Common diseases and clinical manifestations
Avascular necrosis [??vɑ:skjul? ne?kr?usis]缺血性骨坏死 bunion [?b?nj?n] n.脚趾囊肿 carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) [?kɑ:pl ?t?nl s?ndr??m]腕管综合征 Comminuted fracture[?k?minju:tid fr?kt??(r)] 粉碎性骨折 Compartment syndrome [k?m?pɑ:tm?nt ?sindr?um]骨筋膜室综合征 Compound fracture [?k?mpa?nd fr?kt??(r)] 复合性骨折 Compression fracture [k?m'pre?n fr?kt??(r)]压缩性骨折 Deformity [d??f?:m?ti] n.畸形 displacement [d?s?ple?sm?nt] n.移位 Fat embolism [f?t ?emb?liz?m]脂肪栓塞 ganglion cyst [?g??gli?n s?st]腱鞘囊肿 gouty arthritis ['ga?t? ɑ:?θra?t?s] 痛风关节炎 Greenstick fracture [ɡ'ri:nst?k fr?kt??(r)]青枝骨折 herniation of an intervertebral disk (disc) 椎间盘突出 Incomplete fracture [??nk?m?pli:t ?fr?kt??] 不完全性骨折 joint dislocation [?d?sl?'ke??n] 关节脱位 Joint stiffness [d??int ?st?fn?s]关节僵硬 muscular dystrophy [?m?skj?l? ?d?str?fi] 肌肉萎缩症 Oblique fracture [???bli:k ?fr?kt??] n.斜形骨折 osteoarthritis (OA) [??sti??ɑ:?θra?t?s] n.骨关节炎 osteogenic sarcoma[??sti?u?d?enik sɑ:?k?um?] 骨肉瘤 osteomalacia [??st???m?'le???] n.骨软化; 骨钙缺乏; osteomyelitis [??st????ma??'la?t?s] n.骨髓炎 osteoporosis[??sti??p??r??s?s] n.骨质疏松 osteosarcoma [?st???sɑ:'k??m?] n.骨肉瘤 polymyositis [p?l?ma??'sa?t?s] n. 多肌炎 Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) [?ri:?fleks ?simp??θetik ?distr?fi]反射交感性营养不良 rheumatoid arthritis(RA) [?ru:m?t??d ɑ:?θra?t?s]风湿性关节炎 Simple fracture [?simpl ?fr?kt??] 单纯性骨折 Spiral fracture [?spai?r?l ?fr?kt??]螺旋形骨折 subluxation [s?bl?k'se???n] n.半脱位 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) [s??stem?k ?lu:p?s ?er??θi:m??t??s?s] 系统性红斑狼疮 Transverse fracture [tr?ns?v?:s ?fr?kt??] 横形骨折

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23 Musculoskeletal system (3) Treatment, roots, prefixes and suffixes
Abduction [?b'd?k?n] n.外展 Adduction [?'d?k??n] n.内旋 Ankylosis[???k??lo?s?s] n.关节强直 Arthritis [ɑr?θra?t?s] n.关节炎 Arthrocentesis [ɑ:θr??'s?nt?z?s] n.关节穿刺术 arthrodesis [ɑ:θ'r??di:s?s] n.关节融合术 Arthrography ['ɑ:θr?ɡr?f?] n.关节造影术 Arthroplasty ['ɑ:θr??pl?st?] n.关节造形术 Arthroscopy [a:'θr?sk?p?] n.关节镜检查; Articular cartilage [ɑ:?tikjul? ?kɑ:tl?d?] 关节软骨 bone density test [bo?n ?d?ns?ti test]骨密度测试 Chondroplasia [k?ndr?p'le?z?r] n.软骨生成 Closed reduction [klozd r??d?k??n] 闭合性复位 Dorsiflexion [d?:s?'flek??n] n.背曲 electromyography (EMG) [??lektro?ma?'?gr?f?] n. 肌电图检查 Epiphysis [?'p?f?s?s] n.骨骺 Extention [?ks'ten?n] n.伸直 External fixation [eks?t?:nl f?k?se???n]外固定 Fibroadenoma [fa?br?:de'n??m?] n.纤维腺瘤 Flexion [?flek?n] n. 弯曲 Hypercalcemia [?ha?p?k?l'simi?] n.高钙血症 Internal fixation [in?t?:n?l f?k?se???n]内固定 Intramedullary nail [?ntr?m?'d?l?r? nel]髓内钉 Kyphosis [ka?'f??s?s] n.背偻 Laminectomy [?l?m?'nekt?m?]椎板切除术 Lordosis [l?:'d??s?s] n.脊柱前弯症 Lumbar [?l?mb?(r)] adj.腰椎的 Musculotendinous [m?skj?l??'tend?n?s] 肌腱的 Myocardium [?ma??'kɑ:d??m] 心肌(层) Myositis [?ma??'sa?t?s] n.肌炎 Open reduction [?op?n r??d?k??n] 开放性复位 Orthopedics [??:θ?'pi:d?ks] n.矫形术 Osteoblast ['?st?rbl?st] n.成骨细胞; 造骨细胞 Osteoclast ['?st??kl?st] n.破骨细胞 Osteomyelitis [??st????ma??'la?t?s] n.骨髓炎 Osteonecrosis [?st???ne'kr??s?s] n.骨坏死; Osteoporosis[?ɑstio?p??ro?s?s] n. 骨质疏松症

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Osteotome ['?st??t??m] n.骨凿 Osteotomy [??st?'?t?m?] n.骨切开术 Plantar flexion [?pl?nt? ?flek??n] 跖屈 pronation[pr??'ne???n] n.手掌向下 rheumatoid factor test (RF) [?ru:m??t??d ?f?kt? test] 风湿因子测试 Rotation [r???te??n] n.旋转 Sarcoma [sɑ:?k??m?] n. 肉瘤 Sarcopenia [sɑko?'pin?r] n.肌肉减少症 Scoliosis [?sko?li?o?s?s] n.脊柱侧凸 Sedimentation rate [?sedimen?tei??n reit]沉降率 Spondylosis [sp?nd?'lo?s?s] n.椎关节强硬 Stethoscope [?steθ?sk??p] n.听诊器 supination[?sju:p?'ne???n n.]手掌向上 Synovectomy [s?n?'vekt?m?] n.滑膜切除术 Tendinitis [?tend?'na?t?s] n.腱炎 Tendon [?tend?n] n.筋,腱 Tenosynovitis [ten??s?n?'va?t?s] n.腱鞘炎 Vertebral [?v?:tibr?l] adj.椎骨的; 脊椎的;





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24 blood system (1) Anatomy
Albumin [?l'bju:m?n] n.白蛋白 Alkali [??lk?la?] n.碱 Band cell 杆状核粒细胞 Basophils ['b?s?f?lz]嗜 n.碱性粒细胞 Bilirubin [?b?l??ru:b?n] n. 胆红素 Blood cell [bl?d sel] n.血细胞 Differentiate [d?f?'ren??e?t]v.分化 Electrolyte [??lektr?la?t] n.电解质 Eosinophil [?i:?'s?n?f?l] n.嗜酸性粒细胞 erythroblast [?'r?θr?bl?st] n.成红细胞 Erythrocyte [??r?θr?sa?t] n.红细胞 (red blood cell) Fibrinogen [fa??br?n?d??n] n.纤维蛋白原 Globin ['gl??b?n] n.球蛋白 Globulin ['gl?bj?l?n] n.球蛋白 hematopoiesis[?hem?t??p??'i:s?s] n.血液生成 hematopoietic stem cells [hem?t??p??'i:t?k]造血干细胞 Heme [hi:m] n.亚铁血红素 Hemoglobin [?hi:m??'gl??b?n] n. 血红蛋白 Hormone [?h?:m??n] n. 激素 Immunoglobulin [?'mju:n??'gl?bj?l?n] n.免疫球蛋白 Leukocyte ['lu:k??sa?t] n.白细胞 (white blood cell) Lipid [?l?p?d] n.脂质 lymphoblast ['l?mf?blɑ:st] n.原始淋巴细胞 Lymphocyte [?l?mf?sa?t] n.淋巴细胞 Macrophages [?m?kr?fe?d?] n.巨噬细胞 megakaryoblast [meg?'k?r??bl?st] n.原始巨核细胞 megakaryocyte [meg?'k?r???sa?t] n.巨核细胞 monoblast ['m?n?blɑ:st] n.原始单核细胞 Monocyte [?m?n?sa?t] n.单核细胞 myeloblast ['ma??l??blɑ:st] n.原始髓细胞 myelocyte [?ma??l??sa?t] n.髓细胞 Neutrophili [nju:tr?'f?l??] n.中性粒细胞 normoblast ['n?:m?blɑ:st] n.晚幼红细胞 Nutrient [?nju:tri?nt] n.营养物质 Phagocytosis [?f?g?sa?'t??s?s] n.吞噬作用 Plasma [?pl?zm?] n.血浆

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platelet [?ple?tl?t] n.血小板 Protein [?pr??ti:n] n.蛋白质 Prothrombin [pr?'θr?mb?n] n.凝血酶原 Reticulocyte [r?'t?kj?l?sa?t] n.网织红细胞 Segmented cell ['segm?nt?d] 分叶核粒细胞 Thrombocyte ['θr?mb?sa?t] n.血小板

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25 Blood sytem (2) Common diseases and clinical manifestaions
Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) [??kju:t ?l?mf?'sa?t?k lu:'ki:m??] 急性淋巴细胞性白血病 Acute myelogenous (myelocytic) leukemia (AML) [??kju:t ma??'l?d??n?s ( 'ma?l?sa?t?k) lu:'ki:m??]急性髓性白血病 allergic purpura [??l?:d??k 'p?pj?r?]过敏性紫癜 Burkitt’s lymphoma [l?m?f??m?]伯基特淋巴瘤 clotting factor 凝血因子 Ecchymoses [?ek?'m??s?s] n.出血斑,瘀癍 Granulocytosis [gr?nj?l??sa?'t??s?s] n.粒细胞增多 hemophilia [?hi:m?'f?l??] n.血友病 Hepatosplenomegaly [hep?t??spli:n??'meg?l?] n. 肝脾肿大 Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) [??d??'p?θ?k] ['θr?mb?u?sait?'pi:nik] 特发性血小 板减少性紫癜 leukemia [lu:'ki:m??] n.白血病 Lymphadenopathy [l?m?f?d?'n?p?θ?] n.淋巴结病 Lymphoma [l?m?f??m?] n.淋巴瘤 mononucleosis [?m?n???nju:kli???s?s] n.单核细胞增多症 multiple myeloma [?m?lt?pl ?ma???l??m?] 多发性骨髓瘤 Neutropenia [?nju:tr?'pi:n??] n.中性粒细胞减少 Petechiae [p?'tek?e?t] n.瘀点 Purpura ['p?pj?r?] n.紫癜 Reticulo-endothelial infiltration [??nf?l'tre??n]网状内皮系统浸润 Sickle cell anemia [?s?k?l sel ??ni:mi:?]镰状红细胞性贫血 Thalassemia [θ?l?'si:m??] n.地中海贫血 Thrombocytopenia [θr?mb??sa?t??'pi:n??] n.血小板减少(症)

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26 blood system (3) Treatment, roots, prefixes and suffixes
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time [APTT] [??ktiveitid ?pɑ:??l ?θr?mb?u?pl?stin taim] 活化部分凝血活酶时间 Anticoagulant [??ntik????gj?l?nt] n.抗凝剂 Apheresis [??'fer?s?] n.血浆分离置换法 Basophil [b?s?'f?l] n.嗜碱粒细胞 Bleeding time [?bli:di? taim]出血时间 Blood transfusion [bl?d tr?ns?fju:??n] 输血 Bone marrow biopsy [b?un ?m?r?? bai??psi]骨髓活检 Bone marrow transplantation [b?un ?m?r?? ?tr?nzplɑ:n'te??n]骨髓移植 coagulation time [k?u??ɡju?lei??n taim]凝血时间 complete blood count (CBC) [k?m?pli:t bl?d kaunt]全血细胞计数 Cross matching test [kr?s ?m?t??? test]交叉试验 Cytology [sa??t?l?d?i] n.细胞学 Electrophoresis [??lektr??f?'ri:s?s] n.电泳疗法 Eosinophil [?i:?'s?n?f?l] n.嗜酸粒细胞 Eosinophilia [?i:??s?n?'f?l??] n.嗜酸粒细胞增多 Erythroblast [?'r?θr?bl?st]成红细胞 erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) [i?riθr?usait ?sedimen?tei??n reit]红细胞沉降率 Fibrinogen [fa??br?n?d??n] n.纤维蛋白原 Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) [ɡr?ft ?v?s?s host d??ziz]移植物抗宿主病 Granulocyte ['gr?nj?l?sa?t] n.粒细胞 Granulocytopenia [gr?nj?l?sa?t?'pi:n??] n.粒细胞减少 Hematocrit ['hem?t??kr?t] n.红细胞压积 Hematopoiesis [?hem?t??p??'i:s?s] n.造血 Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation [hem?t??p??'i:t?k stem sel ?tr?nzplɑ:n'te??n]造血干细 胞移植 Hemoglobin [?hi:m??'gl??b?n] n.血红蛋白 Hemolysis [h?'m?l?s?s] n.溶血 Hemostasis [?hi:m?'ste?s?s] n.止血 Heparin ['hep?r?n] n.肝素 Immunosuppressive drugs [?'mju:n??s?'pres?v] n.免疫抑制剂 Leukopenia[?lu:k?'pi:n??] n.白细胞减少症 Macrocytosis ['m?kr?sa?'t??s?s] n.大红细胞症 Macrophage [?m?kr?fe?d?] n.巨噬细胞 Monocyte [?m?n?sa?t] n.单核细胞

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Morphology [m?:?f?l?d?i] n.形态学 Myeloblast ['ma??l??blɑ:st] n.成髓细胞 Myeloid ['ma??l??d] n.骨髓的,由骨髓而来的 Neutropenia [?nju:tr?'pi:n??] n.嗜中性白细胞减少症 Neutrophilia [nju:tr?'f?l??] n.中性粒细胞增多 Pancytopenia [p?nsa?t?'pi:n??] n.全血细胞减少症 Phagocyte [?f?g?sa?t] n.吞噬细胞 Plasmapheresis[?pl?zm?'fer?s?s] n.血浆分离 prothrombin time (PT) [pr?u?θr?mbin taim]凝血时间 Red blood cell count (RBC) [red bl?d sel kaunt]红细胞计数 Spherocytosis ['sf??r??sa?'t??s?s] n.球形红细胞(贫血)症 Splenectomy [spl?'nekt?m?] n.脾切除 Thrombocytopenia[θr?mb??sa?t??'pi:n??] n.血小板减少症 Thrombosis [θr?m?b??s?s] n.血栓症 Warfarin (Coumadin) [?w?:f?r?n] n.华法令 white blood cell count (WBC) [hwait bl?d sel kaunt]白细胞计数 white blood cell differential [hwait bl?d sel ?d?f??ren?l] n.白细胞分类






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