2015-2016学年高一人教版英语必修2课件Unit 2 The Olympic Games.ppt_图文

Unit 2 The Olympic Games
Period One Warming Up & Reading Period Two Learning about Language & Using Language Period Three Grammar Period Four Writing 单元总结提升

Unit 2 The Olympic Games

Unit 2 │ The Olympic Games 单元话题导入
导读:2014年索契冬季奥运会(the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi),即第22届冬季奥林匹克运动会,简称“索契冬奥会”, 已于2014年2月7日—23日在俄罗斯的索契市举行。这是俄罗斯 历史上第一次举办冬季奥运会。让我们阅读下文,一起了解索 契冬奥会的背景吧。 The emblem of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the 22th Olympic Winter Games, were a major international multisport event held in Sochi, Russia, in the tradition of the Winter Olympic Games.

Unit 2 │ The Olympic Games

The Games were held from February 7 to February 23, 2014, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, February 6, 2014. Both the Olympics and 2014 Winter Paralympics were organized by the Sochi Organizing Committee. Sochi was selected as the host city in July 2007. It was the first Olympics in Russia since the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union was the host nation for the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

Unit 2 │ The Olympic Games
A total of 98 events in 15 winter sport disciplines were held during the Games. A number of new competitions—a total of 12 accounting for gender—were held during the Games. The events were held around two clusters of new venues(体育比赛 场所): an Olympic Park constructed in Sochi's Imeretinsky Valley on the coast of the Black Sea, with Fisht Olympic Stadium, and the Games' indoor venues located within walking distance, and snow events in the resort settlement of Krasnaya Polyana. In preparation, organizers focused on modernizing the telecommunications, electric power, and transportation

Unit 2 │ The Olympic Games
infrastructures of the region. While they originally budgeted(预 算)at $12 billion, various factors caused the budget to expand to over $51 billion, surpassing the estimated $44 billion cost of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing as the most expensive Olympics in history.

Unit 2 │ The Olympic Games
Task: Judge the following statements true(T) or false(F). 1.It was the first time that Russia had held the Olympics since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.( T ) 2. There were 110 events held during the Winter Olympics in Sochi.( F ) 3. The snow events were held in Sochi's Imeretinsky Valley on the coast of the Black Sea.(F )

Period One

Period One

Warming Up & Reading

Period One │ 三维目标

(1)To understand the meanings of the following and learn about the general usages of some of them: New words: compete, volunteer, admit Phrases: take part in stand for Sentence pattern: not only…but(also)

Period One │ 三维目标

(2)Develop the students' reading ability by skimming and scanning the text. (3)Develop the students' writing ability by studying how the text is organized. (4)Develop the students' speaking ability by warming up and prereading.

Period One │ 三维目标 Process and methods (1)Warming Up In this part teachers should make sure the students make full use of exercise by asking each other in turns. They should not look at the answers of the questions till both have completed as much as they can. In this way students can know of the ancient Olympic Games and remember recent modern Olympic Games.

Period One │ 三维目标 (2)Prereading In this period, teachers had better pay attention to the first two questions. The purpose of this activity is to focus the students on the differences between the ancient and modern Olympic Games. (3)Reading and Comprehending In this part, teachers may first ask the students to read the text quickly to finish a multiple choice. Then read the text to learn about knowledge about the Olympic Games.Meanwhile, teachers should teach the students to scan and summarize the text.

Period One │ 三维目标 Emotion,attitude and value Encourage the students to study more about the Olympic Games so that they can enjoy life happily.

Period One │ 重点难点

[重点] Make the students aware of the differences between the ancient and modern Olympic Games. [难点] Make the students master the pattern: not only… but also.

Period One │ 教学建议

1.In doing warmup, group students to discuss. 2.During prereading,teachers should help deal with new words and phrases. 3.In reading and comprehending,ask the students to get some specific information and pick out some key words and expressions to understand the text fully.

Period One │ 新课导入

【导入一】 Begin the class like this: As we know, almost everyone knows the Olympic Games. However… Question 1: Could you name some Olympic champions of China? Question 2: Do you know the ancient Olympic Games?

Period One │ 新课导入 【导入二】 Start the class like this: Teachers had better prepare some pictures of some Olympic champions of China in advance and show them to the students.Then ask the students to answer: (1)Do you know who they are? (2)What happened to these people similarly?

Period One │ 课前自主预习

Task One:Fast Reading Ⅰ. Scan the text to find the main idea of the passage. similarities The text is mainly about the _____________and differences __________________ about the ancient and modern Olympics.

Period One │ 课前自主预习

Ⅱ. Fill in the blanks with proper words according to the passage. The differences between the ancient and modern Olympics

Period One │ 课前自主预习
Modern Olympics Games Summer Olympics and 1. ________ Winter Olympics Competitors Countries from all over Only 2. Greece ________ Ancient Olympics Summer Olympics

the world Men/Women


men Only 3. ________ Oliver wreaths 4. ______________
Only a few


250 Over5. ________sports

Period One │ 课前自主预习 Task Two:Careful Reading Ⅰ. Read the text carefully and judge the following statements true(T) or false(F). 1. The Olympic Games are held every four years. All athletes can be admitted as competitors.( F ) 2. In Winter Games, there are no running races, horse riding or sailing. ( T ) 3. In ancient Olympic Games neither slaves nor women were allowed to take part in any competition. ( T )

Period One │ 课前自主预习 4. Pausanias is very sad when he heard that women are also allowed to join in the Olympic Games. ( F ) 5. To host the Olympic Games is as competitive as to win Olympic medals. ( T )

Period One │ 课前自主预习 Ⅱ. Read the text carefully and then choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Who was Pausanias? A.He was a famous athlete about 2,000 years ago. B.He was a volunteer for the 2008 Olympics. C.He was a Greek writer about 2,000 years ago. D.He was a Greek editor.

[答案] C

Period One │ 课前自主预习 2. Why did Pausanias interview Li Yan? A.To know something about the modern Olympics. B.To know something about China. C.To know something about the ancient Olympics. D.To know something about Li Yan.

[答案] A

Period One │ 课前自主预习 3. Why do so many countries want to host the Olympic Games? A.To develop the economy. B.It is a great honour. C.To make the country famous. D.To make money.

[答案] B

Period One │ 课前自主预习 4. Why does Pausanias think people may be competing for money in the modern Olympic Games? Because________. A.the winners can get medals B.the winners can be awarded lots of money by their own countries C.the olive wreaths have been replaced by medals D.medals are made of gold

[答案] C

Period One │ 课前自主预习 5. Athletes are admitted to take part in the Olympic Games when ________. A.they can play as well as required by the standard B.they pass an examination C.they are strong enough to compete in the games D.they won champions in their own countries

[答案] A

Period One │ 课前自主预习

Task Three:Microwriting Read the text carefully and fill in the following blank. the biggest The Olympic Games are 1.___________ (big) sports meeting in the world,which include two kinds,the Summer are held (hold) every and the Winter Olympics. Both of them 2.________ if four years. All countries can take part 3.________their athletes reach the standard for the games. Women are not only allowed but (also) play a very important role. A special to join in 4.___________ is built village 5.________(build) for the competitors to live in, several

Period One │ 课前自主预习 stadiums for competitions, large 6.________ (swim)pools, who watch the a gymnasium as well as seats for those 7.________ to host (host) the Olympic games. It's a great honour 8.________ been replaced (replace) by Games. The olive wreaths have 9._____________ medals. But it's still about being able to run faster,jump further higher and throw 10.________(far) .


Period One │ 课堂互动探究

◇ 词汇点睛 ◇ 1 compete vi.比赛,竞争 (教材P9)How many countries competed in the ancient Olympic Games?有多少国家参加了古代奥林匹克运动会? (1)compete in… 在某方面竞争 compete for… 为??而竞争 compete with/against… 与??竞争 (2)competition n. 比赛 competitive adj. 有竞争力的 competitor n. 比赛者;对手

Period One │ 课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)Our school will send you to compete in the election. We are sure that you will be more competitive than the other competitors. 我们学校将派你去参加竞选。我们确信你比其他的竞争者都更 有竞争力。 (2)The students competed for the honour of winning with each other in the school sports meeting. 校运动会上,学生们为了比赛胜利的荣耀而竞争。 competing in the same market. (3)Several publishers are ____________ 几家出版公司正在同一市场上进行竞争。

Period One │ 课堂互动探究

(4)The young tennis player has often competed ________ famous players, but so far he has always been beaten. 那位年轻的网球运动员常与著名球员对抗比赛,可是到目前为 止,他总是输。 competed for (5)What a pity! This is the second time that hehas ______________ the gold medal and missed it. 真遗憾啊!这是他第二次竞争金牌,结果又失之交臂了。


Period One │课堂互动探究 2 basis n. [C] 基础;根据 (教材P10)There are two main sets of Games—the Winter and the Summer Olympics, and both are held every four years on a regular basis. 运动会主要有两种:冬季奥运会和夏季奥运会,它们都是每四 年定期举行一次。

Period One │课堂互动探究 (1)on a regular basis 定期的;例行的;有规律的 on the basis of 在??的基础上;根据 (2)basic adj. 基本的;基础的 basically adv. 基本地;总的说来 (3)base v. 把??放在基座上;以??为基地 base oneself/sth on/upon sth 使??建立在??基础上 be based on 基于,以??为基础

Period One │ 课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)He never received the Nobel Prize, because his theory has no scientific basis. 他从没有获得诺贝尔奖,因为他的理论没有科学依据。 (2)Past experience indicates that it is difficult to do well in this course if you do not attend class on a regular basis. 过去的经验表明,如果你不持续上课,你很难把这门课学好。 On the basis of =Based on) what I saw, I'd say he will be a (3)______________( good mayor. 根据我所见到的,我认为他会是个好市长。

Period One │ 课堂互动探究

Basing himself on the realities of his life, the painter (4)________ successfully integrated realism and artistic exaggeration. 画家根据自己的现实生活成功地把现实主义和艺术夸张结合起 来。 (5)The book written by my father follows four characters, based on loosely _________my uncles. 我父亲写的那本书描述了4个角色,大致上以我的几个叔叔为 原型。

Period One │课堂互动探究 3 admit vt.& vi.容许;承认;接纳 (教材P10)Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. 只有达到他们各自项目统一标准的运动员才会被接受参加奥运 会。

Period One │课堂互动探究

(1)be admitted as… 被接受为?? be admitted to/into 被准许进入?? admit sth/doing sth 承认某事/做过某事 admit that 承认?? It is/was admitted that 普遍认为?? (2)admission n. (学校、会场、俱乐部等)进入许可,加入 许可;承认,坦白

Period One │课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)Up till now, admission to college is by exam only. If you cannot pass the exam, you will not be admitted into college. 到目前为止,进入大学只能通过考试。如果你不能通过考试, 那么你就不会被大学录取。 (2)While I admit his good points, I still can see his shortcomings. 尽管我承认他的优点,但我还是能看到他的缺点。 as (3)Our football team decided to admit him ________ one of the members. 我们足球队决定吸收他为本队队员。

Period One │课堂互动探究

admitted intocollege 4 years ago and next month he (4)Hewas ______________ will graduate from college. 四年前他被大学录取,下个月他就要大学毕业了。 having (5)Philip openly admitted________(have)an alcohol(酒 to/into the drivers' club. 精)problem and he was not admitted________ 菲利普公开承认自己有酒瘾,因此没有被驾驶人俱乐部接纳为 会员。

Period One │课堂互动探究 4 responsibility n. 责任;职责 (教材P10)It's a great responsibility but also a great honour to be chosen. 被选中不仅要承担巨大的责任同时也享有极大的荣誉。 (1)have/take responsibility for… 对??有/负责任 (2)responsible adj. 有责任的;应负责任的 be responsible for sth/sb 对某事物/某人负责

Period One │课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)It was his responsibility for foreign affairs that gained him international prestige. 他在负责处理外交事务的过程中赢得了国际声望。 (2)Smoking is responsible for many causes of lung cancer. 吸烟是许多人患肺癌的原因。 (3)The teacher said he would take full responsibility for ________the safety of his students. 老师说他会对学生的安全负全责的。

Period One │课堂互动探究 (4)Global warming was one of the many factors _______________________________ the worst flooding in (which/that are) responsible for decades. 近几十年来,全球变暖是造成最严重的洪水泛滥的诸多因素 之一。 that are responsible for (5)It is doctors, not pharmacists, ____________________ prescribing drugs. 负责开药的是医生,而不是药剂师。

Period One │课堂互动探究 5 replace vt. 取代;替换;代替; 放回 (教材P10)So even the olive wreath has been replaced! 所以就连橄榄枝花环也被取代了!

Period One │课堂互动探究 (1)replace A with/by B 用B替换A (2)take the place of 代替,取代(动词短语) in place of 代替,取代(介词短语) instead of 代替;而不是(介词短语)

Period One │课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)I'm sure nothing can replace Mother's love and care in the world,and even money or power cannot,either. 我确信世界上没有什么可以代替母亲的爱和关怀,甚至金钱和 权力也不能。 (2)She carefully replaced the china plate on the shelf. 她小心翼翼地把瓷盘放回到架子上。 (3)The result of invention of steam engine was that human was replaced power ____________by mechanical power. 蒸汽机发明的结果是机械动力代替了人力。

Period One │课堂互动探究 (4)When the director retired, the question of replacing ________her came up. 当主任退休以后,找人来替代她成了问题。 (5)The girl looked up. ______________tears, there was the In place of beginning of a smile. 女孩抬起头来看了看,她开始破涕为笑。

Period One │课堂互动探究

◇ 短语储存 ◇
1 take part in 参加,参与 (教材P9)Who could not take part in the ancient Olympic Games? 谁不能参加古代奥林匹克运动会? take part 参加(不跟宾语) take an active part in 积极参加?? play a part in 在??中扮演角色;在??中起作用

Period One │课堂互动探究 【易混辨析】 take part in, join in, join与attend (1)take part in 指参加有组织的、严肃的、重大的活动。 (2)join in 指参加正在进行着的活动或游戏等,有时可与take part in换用。 (3)join 指参加团体、党派和组织,成为其中的一个成员,也 可用于join sb in (doing) sth (与某人一起做某事)。 (4)attend 相当于be present at,意为“出席,参加”。其后常 跟meeting, wedding(婚礼),course(课程),class, funeral(葬礼) 等。不强调参加者在其中的作用。

Period One │课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)China is taking an active part in helping to solve the global warming problem. 中国积极参与帮助解决全球变暖的问题。 (2)They organized a discussion, but I didn't take part. 他们组织了一次讨论,但我没参加。

Period One │课堂互动探究 (3)用take part in, attend, join或join in的适当形式填空 (should) attend a technical ①Our teacher suggested that he________________ school. joined in . ②They danced and danced until a lot of us__________ ③In early days only male athletes were allowed to take part in ________________the Olympic Games. joined ④I have heard of his having ________the Youth League.

Period One │课堂互动探究

2 stand for 代表;象征;支持;忍耐;忍受 (教材P9)What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? 奥林匹克旗帜上的五环代表什么? stand by 袖手旁观,无动于衷 stand by sb 支持某人,站在某人一边 stand out 显眼,突出 stand up 站起,站立,起立

Period One │课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)Do you know what Beijing Olympic mascots stand for? 你知道北京奥运会吉祥物代表什么吗? (2)I won't stand for any more of her bad manners; I shall ask her to leave my house. 我再也不能忍受她的粗鲁举止了,我要请她离开我的房子。 by (3)How can you stand ________and see him accused of something he didn't do? 看着他无辜受到指控,你怎能袖手旁观?

Period One │课堂互动探究

stands out above the (4)Our daughter is a great dancer; she ____________ rest. 我们的女儿是一个不错的舞者;她从其他舞者中脱颖而出。 stand up (5)She refused to ____________for a white man and was arrested by the police. 她因拒绝给一个白人让座而被警察逮捕了。

Period One │课堂互动探究

3 as well 也;又;还 (教材P10)For each Olympics,a special village is built for them to live in,a main reception building,several stadiums for competitions,and a gymnasium as well. 每届奥运会都有一个特殊的村庄(奥运村)供参赛的人住,一个 主要的接待大楼,好几个供比赛用的体育场,还有一个室内体 育馆。

Period One │课堂互动探究

【归纳拓展】 (1)as well as “也;和”,后接名词、代词、形容词、介词短语 等;当接动词时,多用v.ing形式;连接两个并列的主语时, 其谓语动词常与前面的主语保持一致。 (2)as well as可作为well的同级比较结构,表示“和??一样 好”。 (3)may/might as well do sth意为“最好做某事;做??倒也无 妨”。

Period One │课堂互动探究

【易混辨析】 as well, also, too与either (1)as well 用于肯定句,只用于句尾。 (2)also 用于肯定句,常用于句中(动词前面或系动词be后面)。 (3)too 用于肯定句,通常用在句尾,前面常有逗号,也可用在 句中,前后都有逗号。 (4)either 用于否定句,常用于句尾。

Period One │课堂互动探究

【活学活用】 (1)We are going to the cinema tonight, and why don't you come along as well? 我们今天晚上打算去看电影,你为什么不也一起来呢? (2)Wind is one of our cleanest and richest power sources, as well as one of the oldest. 风力是我们最清洁、最丰富的能源之一,也是最古老的能源之 一。 am (3)I, as well as my sister, ________(be)going to the park for a picnic this Sunday. 这个周日我和我姐姐要去公园野餐。

Period One │课堂互动探究

might (4)The deadline of the project is near, so we ________as well get some help. 工程的期限快到了,我们不妨寻求点儿帮助吧。 (5)用as well, also, too, either和as well as填空。 as well . ①Tom plays the guitar ________ also ②Tom ________ plays the guitar. too ③Tom plays the guitar, ________ . either . ④Tom doesn't play the guitar,________ as well asby day. ⑤We shall travel by night ________

Period One │课堂互动探究 ◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 (教材P9)I lived in what you call“Ancient Greece”and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago . 我生活在你们所说的“古希腊”,并且我曾经写过很久以前奥 林匹克运动会的情况。

Period One │课堂互动探究

【句法分析】 what 引 导 宾 语 从 句 , 并 在 从 句 中 作 call 的 宾 语 , “ Ancient Greece”作宾补,what相当于the place that,意为“??的地 方”。 used to do 表示“过去常常做??” , be/get used to doing sth 则表示“习惯于做某事”。

Period One │课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)I feel sorry for what has happened there and I used to think it impossible. 我对发生在那里的事情感到遗憾,我过去常常认为那是不可能 发生的。 (2)In 1492 Columbus and his crew arrived what was the socalled New World by the westerners. 1492年哥伦布和他的船员到达了西方人所谓的新世界。 what we call “the ancient castle” and he (3)He now works in ____________ to work used ________(work)in a cafe two years ago. 他现在在我们称之为“古堡”的地方工作,两年前他在一家咖 啡店工作。

Period One │课堂互动探究 (4)He finds his daughter is quite different from ______________ be five years ago. 他发现他女儿跟5年前大不一样了。 to live (live)in a small village. It took (5)These kids used ________ to living (live)in a large city. them almost a year to get used ________ 这些孩子曾经住在一个小乡村里,他们差不多用了一年的时间 才习惯了大城市的生活。

what she used to

Period One │课堂互动探究

2 (教材P10)No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women.其他国家都不能参加,奴隶和女性也不能 参加。

Period One │课堂互动探究

【句法分析】 句子结构为:nor/neither+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主 语。此句型是一个倒装句,意为“??也不”,用于否定句之 后,说明后者的情况与前者相同。 (1)“so+be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”,表示上文肯定的 情况也适合于下文另外一个人或物。 (2)“so+主语+be动词/助动词/情态动词”则表示对前述情况 的认同或强调,注意前后是同一主语,意为“的确,确实”。 (3)So it is/was with sb/sth.或 It is/was the same with sb/sth.用 于前面陈述的是两种以上的情况或既有肯定也有否定。

Period One │课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)I have never been dishonest, nor do I mean to start being so now. 我从来没有不诚实过,现在我也不打算变得不诚实。 (2)You say he works hard. So he does, and so do you. 你说他工作很努力。的确如此,而且你也是。 neither/nor do I . (3)He doesn't know what to do now,________________ 他不知道现在该做什么,我也不知道。

Period One │课堂互动探究 (4)—He didn't work hard, so he failed the exam. So it was with me . —_________________ “他不努力学习,所以没通过考试。” “我也是。” neither will I (5)If you don't sign up for the game, _______________ . 如果你不报名参加比赛,那我也不会去的。

Period One │课堂互动探究

3 (教材P10)Women are not only allowed,but play a very important role in gymnastics,athletics,team sports and… 女性不仅能参赛,而且还在体操、田径、团体运动等比赛项目 中起非常重要的作用??

Period One │课堂互动探究

【句法分析】 not only…but (also)…意为“不仅??而且??”。当此 结构连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词的单复数要和邻近的主语 保持一致。若not only置于句首,其所在的分句需要采用部分 倒装。

Period One │课堂互动探究

【活学活用】 (1)Not only I but also Tom and Mary are fond of watching television. 不仅我,而且汤姆和玛丽都喜欢看电视。 (2)Not only did we learn the technology through an online course but we also learned to communicate in English. 我们不仅通过网络课程学习科技,而且还学着用英语交流。 is (3)Not only the students but also their teacher ________(be) enjoying the film. 不仅学生们在欣赏这部影片,他们的老师也在欣赏这部影片。

Period One │课堂互动探究

has (4)Not only ________she been late three times, but she has also done no work. 她不仅迟到了三次,而且没干一点儿活。 will (5)Not only ________ help be given to disabled persons to find jobs, but also medical treatment will be provided for people who need it. 不仅要帮助残疾人求职,而且要对那些需要治疗的人给予治疗。

Period Two

Period Two

Learning about Language & Using Language

Period Two │ 三维目标

Knowledge and skills (1)To understand the meanings of the following new words and phrases and learn about the general usages of some of them: glory, hopeless, foolish, pick up, bargain,pain, deserve,one after another. (2)To read about the ancient Olympic Games. (3)To listen and talk about hobbies.

Period Two │ 三维目标 Process and methods (1)Do learning about language exercises on Page 12. (2)Get the students to read the passage and try their best to grasp the main idea of it. (3)Do listening practice on Page 15. (4)Talk about hobbies by pair work. Emotion,attitude and value Through teaching activities of this class teachers should make the students have more knowledge about this unit to develop the students' interest in English.

Period Two │ 重点难点

[重点] 1.The usage of words and expressions:deserve,bargain, one after another. 2.The listening practice of how to grasp the main idea in one sentence. [难点] 1.The usage of words and expressions:deserve, bargain, one after another. 2. How to talk about hobbies.

Period Two │ 教学建议

In writing, teachers had better offer some advanced words to the students to help their writing.

Period Two │ 新课导入

[导入一] Teachers can ask the students to answer the following questions: What is your favourite sport?Why?

Period Two │ 新课导入 [导入二] Teachers can start the lesson like this: Today we'll have a debate.The topic is our favourite sport…

Period Two │ 课堂互动探究

◇ 词汇点睛 ◇ 1 charge vt.收费;控诉;充电 n.费用 (教材P12)Responsibility—duty to be in charge and get in trouble if things go wrong. 责任——如果事情出现问题需要承担的义务。

Period Two │ 课堂互动探究

(1)charge sb for sth 为某物向某人收取费用 charge sb with (doing)sth 控告某人(做)某事 (2)take charge of 掌管/负责?? in charge of 控制/管理?? in/under the charge of 受??的管理 free of charge 免费

Period Two │ 课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)She sent some flowers to the nurse in charge of her daughter's hospital ward. 她送了一些花给负责她女儿病房的那位护士。 (2)You can download from the Internet as much information as you need free of charge. 你可以免费从因特网上下载尽可能多的你需要的信息。 (3)It usually takes one hour to get my cellphone fully __________ charged . 使我的手机完全充好电通常要花一小时。

Period Two │ 课堂互动探究 (4)They debated whether or not the landlady should charge him for ________the water. 他们争论那个女房东是否应该收取他的水费。 (5)He has been charged ________trying to blow up the airliner with as it was coming in to land. 他已被控告在客机即将着陆时试图炸毁客机。

Period Two │课堂互动探究 2 marry v. (和某人)结婚;嫁;娶 (教材P14)She was so angry that she said to her father that she would not marry anyone who could not run faster than her. 她非 常生气, 就跟她的父亲说,她不会嫁给任何跑不过她的男人。

Period Two │课堂互动探究 (1)marry sb 和某人结婚;娶某人,嫁给某人(后不加with) marry sb to sb 把某人嫁给某人 be married to sb 与某人结婚(表示状态,可以和表示一段时 间的状语连用) get married to sb 与某人结婚(表示动作,不可与表示一段时 间的状语连用) (2)marriage n. 结婚,婚姻 married adj. 已婚的

Period Two │ 课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)She got married in 1995. That is, she has been married for 20 years. 她于1995年结婚,也就是说,她已经结婚20年了。 (2)On her marriage to/with Mr Smith, Miss Jones became Mrs Smith. 一和史密斯先生结婚,琼斯小姐就成了史密斯夫人。 been married for (3)Tom, who married a pretty musician, has ________________ ten years. 汤姆和一个美丽的音乐家结婚已经十年了。

Period Two │ 课堂互动探究 (4)It was her parents who/that married her ________ Tom. to 是她的父母把她嫁给了汤姆。 (5)The birth of their first child marked the beginning of a new era in their ________life. married 第一个孩子的出世表明他们的婚姻生活开始了一个新阶段。

Period Two │课堂互动探究 3 advertise vt.& vi.做广告;登广告 (教材P13)Now you are asked to make a poster to advertise a sporting event. 现在要求你制作一张海报为一项体育赛事做广告。

Period Two│课堂互动探究

(1)advertise sth 为某事做广告 advertise for 登广告求?? advertise for sb to do sth 登广告招聘/雇用某人做某事 (2)advertisement n. 广告,ad为其缩写形式

Period Two │课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)You should advertise your car in the local newspaper if you want to sell it quickly. 如果你想快点儿把车卖掉,应该在本地的报纸上登广告。 (2)Mary is leaving next month so we must advertise for a replacement for her. 玛丽下个月离职,所以我们必须登广告招聘一个人接替她。 (3)If you want to sell your house,why not put an advertisement ____________in the newspaper? 如果你想卖掉你的房子,何不在报纸上登个广告呢?

Period Two │课堂互动探究

for (4)Mother has been advertising ________a cleaner for weeks without success. 近几周母亲接连登广告想雇一名清洁工,但至今没有找到人。 (5)I would like to apply for the position (which was) advertised _____________________in yesterday's China Daily. 贵公司在昨天的《中国日报》上刊登了招聘广告,我想应征该 职位。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 4 bargain n. 协议,廉价物,便宜货 v.与某人讨价还价; 洽谈成交条件,谈判,讲条件 (教材P14)Her father said that she must marry,so Atlanta made a bargain with him. 她的父亲说她必须结婚,于是亚特兰大就和她的父亲达成了一 项协议。

Period Two│课堂互动探究

bargain with sb about/over sth 就某事与某人讨价还价,讲条件 make a bargain with sb about/over sth 就某事与某人达成协议 strike a bargain with sb 与某人成交 a good (bad)bargain 买得(不)合算

Period Two│课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)The amber necklace is a real bargain at such a low price. 这条琥珀项链价格这么低,真是个便宜货。 (2)We do not like to bargain with you about the prices. 我们不想就价格问题与你讨价还价。 with (3)Having bargained ________him about the contract for hours, I finally gave in. 跟他就合同问题讨价还价数小时,最终我让步了。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 (4)The first time I met her, she was bargaining with the over shopkeeper ________the price. 我第一次见到她时,她正与店主讲价。 (5)—Your iPhone is really cheap at that price. a —Yes, it is ____real bargain. “以那个价格来说,你的iPhone很便宜。” “是的,真的很便宜。”

Period Two│课堂互动探究 5 deserve vi. & vt.值得;应受 (教材P15)Do you think Hippomenes deserved to win the race? 你认为希波墨涅斯应该(算)赢得这场比赛吗?

Period Two│课堂互动探究

deserve 后接名词、动名词或不定式 deserve to do sth 应/值得做某事 deserve to be done=deserve+相应名词 应/值得?? deserve doing=deserve to be done… 值得被做??

Period Two│课堂互动探究 【温馨提示】 deserve不用于进行时,其后跟动名词的主动形 式表示被动意义。 【活学活用】 (1)I think you're playing with fire. You deserve it! 你是老鼠戏猫,真是自作自受! (2)He has worked very hard and deserves to pass the exams. 他学习很努力,考试及格是应该的。 (3)One of them said the two dead joyriders got what they deserved. 他们中的一个人说这两名开偷来的车去兜风的人罪有应得。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 (4)He had done something really bad to his country, and he sending/to be sent deserved ____________________(send) to prison. 他做了一些损害国家的事,应当被送进监牢。 (5)If you have done something wrong,you will punishment/punishing/to be punished deserve________________________________________ . 如果你做错了事情,就会受到应有的惩罚。

Period Two│课堂互动探究

◇ 短语储存 ◇
1 pick up 拾起;捡起 (教材P14)When she stops to pick it up,you will be able to run past her and win.当她停下来捡苹果时,你就可以跑过 她从而获胜。

Period Two│课堂互动探究

pick up

(偶然地)学会;获得;用车接某人; 中途搭载;收听;接收;恢复;振作 pick out 挑出,辨认出

Period Two│课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)Trade has been slack for the past year, but it is now picking up. 一年来生意一直不景气,不过现在好起来了。 (2)It will take her a few minutes to pick out the best painting of her collection. 从她的收藏中找出最好的画要花掉她几分钟的时间。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 (3)请写出下列各句中pick up的含义 ①I?ll pick you up at your place at eight o?clock. ( 用车接某人 ) ②She soon picked up German when she went to live in Germany. ( (偶然地)学会 ) ③This medicine will help to pick up your health.( (健康)好转,恢复 ) ④They?ve picked up a really nasty infection from something they?ve eaten. (得(病);染上(疾病 )) ⑤Chinese officials hope that trade will pick up when the two countries switch to hard currency. ( (贸易或经济)好转,改善 )

Period Two│课堂互动探究

2 one after another 陆续地;一个接一个地 (教材P15)He threw the golden apples one after another. 他一个接一个地扔掉金苹果。 one after the other 相继地;一个接一个地 one by one 逐个地;逐一地 step by step 逐步地 little by little 一点一点地,逐渐地

Period Two│课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)The students are giving one performance after another. 学生们一个接一个地表演。 (2)Learning a foreign language is a process step by step. 学习外语是一个循序渐进的过程。 One by one , each must answer to a fate of his own (3)______________ making. 一个接一个,每个人必须对自己造成的命运负责。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 (4)Recently, people are always in high spirits, for pieces of after another. exciting news come one ______________ 最近,人们总是情绪高涨,因为振奋人心的消息一个接一个地 传来。 little by little (5)He has changed year by year and ________. 年复一年,他逐渐改变了。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 ◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 (教材P14)She was very beautiful and could run faster than any man in Greece.她长得很美并且可以跑得比希腊的 任何男人都快。

Period Two│课堂互动探究

【句法分析】 这是一个由and连接并列谓语的简单句。“any+名词” 用于非同一范围的比较, any other表示“其他任何一个”, 比较的两者属于同一范围或者同一类。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)Our Chinese teacher is taller than any student in our class. 我们的语文老师比我们班上的任何一个同学都高。 (2)Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world. 加拿大所拥有的淡水比世界上其他任何国家的都要多。 than any other student in her (3)She does better in study ______________________ class. 在学习上她比班上的任何其他学生都做得好。 worker in (4)He is very clever and works harder than any __________ another company. 他很聪明,而且他比另一家公司的任何一个员工都工作得努力。

Period Two│课堂互动探究

2 (教材P14)She was so angry that she said to her father she would not marry anyone who could not run faster than her.她非常生气,就跟她的父亲说她不会嫁给任何跑不 过她的男人。

Period Two│课堂互动探究

【句法分析】 (1)so…that…“ 如此??以至于??”, so 后跟形容词或 副词, that 后跟结果状语从句。当把“ so +形容词 / 副词”提 到句首时,常用 ( 部分 ) 倒装结构。 (2)such…that… 也可表示 “如此??以致??”, such 用作形容词,修饰名词 ( 名词前 可用形容词作定语 ) 。其中“ so + adj. + a(n) + [C]n.” 相当于 “ such + a(n) + adj. + [C]n.” ,如: so good a boy = such a good boy。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 【活学活用】 (1)I am so angry (=So angry am I)that I'll tell her to her face what I think of her. 我太生气了,我要当面告诉她我对她的看法。 (2)It was such an interesting TV play(=so interesting a TV play)that he wouldn't leave the TV set even at dinner time. 电视剧太有趣了,即使到了吃饭时间他还不愿离开电视机。 so excited that (3)He was ________________he said to his friends that he would thank those who had helped him. 他非常激动,并对朋友们说他要对那些帮助过他的人表示感谢。

Period Two│课堂互动探究 (4)So fast ________ light travel that we can hardly imagine its does speed. 光速很快,我们几乎无法想象它的速度。 (5)用such,so填空 such ①It is ________fine weather today that they all want to go swimming. so ②He has ________few friends here that he sometimes feels lonely.

Period Three

Period Three


Period Three │ 三维目标

Knowledge and skills (1)Get the students to know the Future Passive Voice. (2)Help the students learn how to use the Future Passive Voice. (3)Enable the students to use the Future Passive Voice correctly. (4)Help the students to grasp the usage of “advertise”. Process and methods (1)Let the students pick out the sentences with the Future Passive Voice in the passage and ask them to translate them into Chinese to understand them.

Period Three │ 三维目标 (2)Offer the students more examples to compare and help them to discover the structure of the Future Passive Voice. (3)Make the students do the exercises in discovering useful structures of this unit for the students to master the usage of the Future Passive Voice. (4)Summarize the Future Passive Voice with the students together. (5)Ask the students to do more exercises for consolidation. Emotion,attitude and value Stimulate the students' interest in learning English grammar: the Future Passive Voice.

Period Three │ 重点难点

[重点] Get the students to know the Future Passive Voice and learn how to use the Future Passive Voice. [难点] Enable the students to use the Future Passive Voice correctly.

Period Three │ 教学建议

There is no such grammar in Chinese and it is difficult for Chinese students to understand and use the subjunctive mood correctly. So the teachers had better give the students enough examples to understand and compare before they summarize the grammar rules.

Period Three │ 新课导入

【导入一】 Ask the students to say something about the following sentence: The new film will be shown next Tuesday. 【导入二】 Teachers can design the situation in which the following sentence is used: We shall be punished if we break the rules.

Period Three │语法归纳

一、概念: 一般将来时的被动语态表示主语为动作的承受者,且动作发生 在将来某一时刻或阶段。 二、构成: will/shall+be done;am/is/are going to+be done; am/is/are to+be done

Period Three │语法归纳 三、用法: (1)表示根据计划或安排要发生的被动性动作。如: This work will/is going to/is to be done at once. 这项工作将立即被做。 (2)表示有固定性条件就有规律性被动结果,此时常用will be done结构。如: If you park your car here, you will be fined. 如果你把车停在这儿,你将被罚款。

Period Three │语法归纳 (3)表示到将来某一时刻为止已经完成的被动性动作,此时 常用现在完成时的被动语态代替一般将来时的被动语态。 如: I'll come to see you when my homework has been finished. 等我的家庭作业做完,我会去拜访你。 (4)用于时间状语从句或条件状语从句中,此时应用一般现 在时的被动语态代替一般将来时的被动语态。如: I need one more stamp before my collection is completed. 再 有一张邮票我的收藏就完整了。

Period Three │语法归纳 四、各种句式(以will/shall+be done为例): (1)肯定式:主语+will(shall)+be done.如: A game will be held between the two teams next month. 下个月这两个队之间将有一场比赛。 (2)否定式:主语+will(shall) not+be done.如: This kind of new cars will not be allowed to run on this street. 这种新车将不被允许在这条街上行驶。 (3)疑问式:Will(Shall)+主语+be done…?如: Will this project be finished tomorrow? 明天将完成这项工程吗?

Period Three │语法归纳 【活学活用】 Ⅰ. 将下列主动语态变为被动语态(每空一词) 1. It is said that the city will set up a new car factory next year. will be set up →It is said that a new car factory ________ ________ ________ ________in the city next year. 2. Can you tell me when they will broadcast this programme? will be broadcast →Can you tell me when this programme ________ ________ ________ by them?

Period Three │语法归纳 3. If it doesn't rain tomorrow, our school will hold the sports meet in the playground. →If it doesn't rain tomorrow, the sports meet ________ ________ in the playground of our school. will ________ be held 4. We are going to show you around our school this afternoon. Now, please have a good rest. are ________ going _____ to ____ be ________ shown ________ around our →You ____ school by us this afternoon. Now, please have a good rest.

Period Three │语法归纳 5.I'm sure Chinese athletes will win more gold medals in the next Olympic Games. will ________ be won by →I'm sure more gold medals ________ ________ Chinese athletes in the next Olympic Games.

Period Three │语法归纳 Ⅱ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 will be given 1. —Can you tell me by whom the speech ____________(give) next Friday? —Mr Green, our geography teacher. will be shown 2. We are excited to hear that the new film ____________(show) in our city next Thursday. 3. —Are you going to plant a great many trees in this area? be washed —Yes.The soil won't____________(wash) away in this way. is built 4. When the factory ____________(build), there will be many new jobs for graduates. 5. The machine doesn't work normally, so the machine is to be repaired ____________(repair) by others tomorrow.

Period Four

Period Four


Period Four │基础写作知识 掌握英语五大基本句型,熟悉句子的基本结构(二) 主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语 该句型的特点为:谓语动词均为实义动词,都是主语发出的动 作,但不能表达完整的意思,必须跟有一个宾语(宾语可以由 名词、代词、动名词、不定式等来充当),即动作的承受者, 才能使意思完整。 [注意] 该句型的谓语动词要用及物动词。如果是不及物动词, 后面一定要跟介词构成及物词组。

Period Four │基础写作知识 【例句】 1. Who │knows │the answer? 谁知道答案? 2. We│ must send for│ a doctor.我们必须派人去请医生。 3. He │has refused │to help them. 他拒绝帮他们。 4. He │enjoys │reading. 他喜欢看书。 5. He │admits │that he was mistaken. 他承认犯了错误。

Period Four │基础写作知识 【及时演练】 根据句意完成句子,注意句型特点 1.最近几年,我们已经发展了良好的友谊。 Over the recent years, we have developed a good friendship _________________________________with each other. 2.当今,许多大城市的人们在抱怨交通拥堵。 are complaining about Nowadays, people in many big cities____________________ the heavy traffic. 3.然后我扫去所有家具上的灰尘。 I wiped the dust Then ________________off all the furniture.

Period Four │基础写作知识 4.另一方面,很多工厂却雇用不到足够的工人。 On the other hand, a lot of factories employ enough workers can't_________________________. 5.在中国,这些中国结代表友谊、爱和好运。 stand for In China, these knots ____________friendship, love and good luck.

Period Four │单元话题写作 如何写描述性说明文 【写作点拨】 描述性说明文是以简明的文字介绍事物的形状、性质、构 造、变化、功用、特征等的文章。写好描述性说明文的关键是 抓住事物的特征,说明事物的顺序要有一定的逻辑性。本单元 的写作任务是写一篇说明文;从题材上看,所写的文章和体育 运动有关。 文章可分为三部分: 第一部分:开门见山,指出你最喜欢的一项运动是什么,并简 单介绍这项运动。

Period Four │单元话题写作 第二部分:描述你喜欢上这一运动的过程,并介绍你参加这项 运动的基本情况。 第三部分:列举你喜欢这项运动的理由,或说出这一运动所带 来的好处,或结合具体的经历谈一下你对该项运动的喜爱程度。 【词句模板】 1. 实用词汇和短语: (1)描述运动好处的词汇:great, good, wonderful, amusing, excellent, make us strong, keep healthy, increase our friendship, make a lot of friends, etc. (2)描述著名运动员的词汇:warm, friendly, kind, nice, pleasant, generous, cheerful, easygoing, honest, hardworking, reliable, clever, confident, etc.

Period Four │单元话题写作 2. 句型积累: (1)There are many kinds of sports that I enjoy,such as…However,my favourite sport is…The key reason I prefer it is that… (2)I first became interested in football when I was… (3)Now I play in my school team and join my friends for a game every week on a regular basis. (4)My favourite football player is David Beckham. (5)He is excellent and has great skills. (6)He used to be famous in the world.

Period Four │单元话题写作 【活学活用】 根据下面的提示写一篇短文介绍你最喜欢的体育运动。 1.你最喜欢的体育运动是足球。 2.父亲是足球运动员,参加过各种比赛;正是在他的影响下, 你才对足球显现出了兴趣;1998年的法国世界杯(World Cup) 对你也产生了影响,至今你仍记得其主题曲(theme song),于 是你也喜欢上了足球。 3.去年你被一支足球队吸收成为其中的一员,现在担任队长 (captain)和前锋(forward);每天写完作业后你跟朋友一起踢球; 足球值得你的投入和热爱。

Period Four │单元话题写作 4.最喜爱的球员是阿根廷(Argentina)的梅西(Messi),最大的 愿望是能成为像他那样的巨星,希望能代表国家在世界杯的舞 台上踢球。 要求:包括所有要点,可适当发挥;词数100左右。

Period Four │单元话题写作 One possible version: Of all the sports,I like playing football best. My father is a footballer and has taken part in all kinds of competitions. It was under his influence that I began to show an interest in it. Besides, I was deeply influenced by the 1998 World Cup in France, whose theme song I still remember. Last year, I was admitted into a football team, in which I play as a forward as well as being captain. I play football with my friends every day after finishing my homework. It deserves our devotion and love.

Period Four │单元话题写作 My favourite player is Messi from Argentina. My greatest wish is to be a football superstar like him in the future, and I hope I can stand for my country to play football in the World Cup when I grow up.



单元总结提升│单元知识回眸 ? 重点单词

1.________ vi.比赛;竞争→___________ n.比赛;竞赛 competitiveadj.竞争的→__________ competitor n.竞争者 →__________ magic n.魔法;巫术→________ magical adj.巫术的;魔术的; 2.________ 有魔力的 regulation regular adj.规则的;定期的;常规的→________ 3.________ n.规 irregular adj.(反义词)不规则的 则;制度→________ bases basic adj.基 basis 4.________ n.基础;根据→________ pl.→________ 本的,基础的



单元总结提升 │单元知识回眸

athletic adj.运动的 5. athlete ________ n.运动员;运动选手→________ 6.admit ________ vt.& vi.容许;承认;接纳→admission ________ n.准入,准 许 host n.男主人;男主 7.________ vt.做东;主办;招待→________ host hostess n.女主人;女主持人 持人→________ responsible adj.负责的; 8.responsibility _______________ n.责任;职责→___________ 有责任心的 9.nowadays ________ adv.现今;现在 Greece n.希腊→________ Greek n.希腊人 10.________ volunteer 11. ________ n.志愿者 v.自愿 medal 12. ________ n.奖章;勋章;纪念章 ancient 13. ________ adj.古代的;古老的

单元总结提升 │单元知识回眸 14. replace ________ vt.取代;替换;代替 motto n.座右铭;格言;警句 15.________ swift 16.________ adj.快的;迅速的→swiftly ________ adv.很快地;敏捷地 charge 17. ________ vt.& vi.收费,控诉 n.费用;主管 fine 18.________ vt.罚款 19.________ poster n.海报;招贴 bargain 20. ________ vi.讨价还价,讲条件 n. 便宜货 deserve vi.& vt.应受(报答或惩罚);值得 21.________ physical adj.物理的;身体的→________ physics n.物理学 22.________ advertisement n.广告 23.advertise ________ vt.& vi.做广告;登广告→____________

单元总结提升 │单元知识回眸

hopefuladj.(反义词)有 24. hopeless ________ adj.没有希望的;绝望的→________ 希望的 fool n.傻瓜;蠢人 25.foolish ________ adj.愚蠢的;傻的→________ painful adj.疼痛的;令人痛苦 pain 26. ________ n.疼痛;痛苦→________ 的

单元总结提升 │单元知识回眸



stand for 1.______________ 代表;象征;表示 every four years 每四年 2.______________ 3.______________ 参加;参与 take part in as well 4.______________ 也;又;还 play a role in 5.______________ 在??中起作用 as______________ a matter of face事实上 6. for 7.compete ______________ 为??比赛; 竞争 in charge 8.______________ 主管;看管

单元总结提升 │单元知识回眸

be allowed to do 9. ____________________ 被允许做?? 10. _____________________ make a bargain with sb 和某人达成协议 one after another 11._______________________ 陆续地;一个接一个地 on purpose 12._______________________ 故意 fall down 13._______________________ 跌倒 change one's mind 14._______________________ 改变主意 pick up 15._______________________ 拾起;捡起;用车接

单元总结提升 │单元知识回眸 ? 重点句式 what you call “Ancient Greece”and I used to write 1.I lived in ____________ about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 我生活在你们所说的“古希腊”,并且我曾经写过很久以前奥林 匹克运动会的情况。 2.That's ____________they're called the Winter Olympics. why 那就是为什么它们被称为冬季奥运会。 in the Summer Olympics that 3.It's ________________________________you have the running races,together with swimming,sailing and all the team sports. 赛跑、游泳、划船和所有的团队项目在夏季奥运会上进行。

单元总结提升 │单元知识回眸 4.No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women _____________________________________ ! 其他国家都不能参加,奴隶和女性也不能参加! as much competition among countries 5.There's ________________________________________to as host the Olympics ________ to win Olympic medals. 国与国之间争取奥运会主办权的竞争就跟争夺奥运奖牌一样激 烈。 so angry that 6.She was ________________she said to her father that she would not marry anyone who could not run faster than her. 她非常生气,就跟她的父亲说,她不会嫁给任何跑不过她的男 人。

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读 单元语法 一般将来时的被动语态 单元写作 如何写描述性说明文

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读 The origin of the Olympic Games

We have held so many Olympic Games and people like it very much, but rarely do people know the origin of the Olympic Games. The Greeks love sports very much. Once every four years, they had a big festival on Olympus Mounts that includes contests of sports. The Greek Olympics, part of a religious festival, began in 776 BC and inspired the modern Olympic Games (began in 1896). The

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读 Games were held every four years, and①this period, known as an Olympiad, was used by Greeks as one of their units of time measurement. During the Games, all conflicts among the participating citystates were postponed until the Games were finished. The origin of these Olympics is covered in mystery and legend; one of the most popular myths identifies Heracles and his father Zeus as the progenitors( 鼻祖,先驱 )of the Games. ② According to legend, it was Heracles who first called the Games “Olympic” and established the custom of holding them every four years.

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读 Winners were given a wreath of leaves, and a hero's welcome back home. Winners might marry rich women, enjoy free meals, invitations to parties, and the best seats in the theatre. And the winners of the events were admired and immortalized in poems and statues.

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读 The modern Olympic Games are a major international event featuring summer and winter sports in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions.③The Olympic Games are considered to be the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games. Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Games for ice and winter sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, and the Youth Olympic Games for teenage athletes. However, although we like

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读 Olympic Games, they were not held every year. World wars led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, and 1944 Games. Large boycotts during the Cold War limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 Games. It is a pity for our world. The Olympic Games are a very attractive movement, which all the people are crazy for, not only because of the passion they bring to us, but also the spirit they make us understand.

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读 【典句赏析】 ①…this period, known as an Olympiad, was used by Greeks as one of their units of time measurement. 句意:??这个时期被称作“奥林匹克周期”,曾被作为希腊人 计算年代的单位之一。 赏析:known as an Olympiad为过去分词短语作定语。又如: The Olympic Games, first held in 776 BC, did not include women players.于公元前776年举办的第一届奥运会并没有女性参赛者。

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读 ②According to legend, it was Heracles who first called the Games “Olympic” and established the custom of holding them every four years. 句意:根据传说,赫拉克勒斯是第一个把这个运动会称作“奥运 会”的人,并建立起每四年举办一次的传统。 赏析:“It was…that/who…”为强调句型。又如:It is Li Lei's brother that/who you met in the street yesterday. 你昨天在街上所 见到的就是李蕾的兄弟。

单元总结提升 │延伸拓展阅读

③The Olympic Games are considered to be the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. 句意:奥林匹克运动会被认为是世界上最重要的运动赛事,两百 多个国家参与其中。 赏析:with more than 200 nations participating为with的复合结构, 即 “with+宾语+补足语”,它既可以充当状语又可以充当定语。 又如:With prices going up so fast, we can't afford luxuries.由于物 价上涨很快,我们买不起高档商品。

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