基本语序 natural order
subject 主+ predicate 谓+object 宾 I love English.
? 如果全部谓语放在主语之前, 叫全部倒装; ? 如果只把助动词或be 动词等放在主语之
? Here comes my list of ….(全倒) ? Never will Zhou Yang forget….（半倒）
1.用于 there be 句型。
There are many students in the classroom.
主语位于谓语 are there之后
Many students are there in the classroom.
２. 用于“here (there, now, then) + 不及 物动词 + 主语的句型中, 或以out, in, up, down, away 等副词开头的句子里 面,表示强调。 ? Here comes the bus. ? There goes the bell. 名词 ? Now comes our turn. ? Out went the children.
? Here you are !
Out they went.
也常引起全部倒装。 ? From the valley came a
? Under the tree stands a little
4. 为了保持句子结构平衡,或为了强调表 语或状语,或为了使上下文结构紧凑。 Present at the meeting was Miss Li.
They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat a boy.
１. 用于only开头的句子(修饰副词、介词 短语或状语从句) Only in this way can you learn English well. ２. 用于 never, hardly, seldom, little, at no time, not only, rarely, little, not a bit 等
否定词开头的句子里。 Never shall I do this again.
３. 用于no sooner than, hardly when 和 not until的句型中。 No sooner had she gone out than the class began. Not until the teacher came did he finish his homework.
４. 用于 so, nor, neither 开头的句子,表示 重复的内容。此句谓语应与前句谓语的时 态形式一致。 ? Jack can not answer the question. Neither can I. ? He has been to Beijing.____________ So have I. 我也去过。 So he has 是的，他确实去过。
５. 在 so / such …that 的结构中,若so/such
1. ) It is such an interesting book that John
has read it twice. 2.) It is so interesting a book that John has read it twice. ? Such an interesting book is it that John has read it twice. ? So interesting a book is it that John has read it twice.
６. 用于“形容词(或名词、动词)＋ as
? Pretty as she is, she is not clever. ? Child as she is, she knows a lot. ? Try as he would, he might fail again.
７. 用于省略if 的虚拟条件句
? If you had reviewed your lessons, you
might have passed the examination
Had you reviewed your lessons, you
might have passed the examination. ８.用于 某些祝愿的句子。
May you succeed.
配套练习 Ⅰ. Multiple choices. 1. ---Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? ---I don’t know, _______. A. nor don’t I care B. nor do I care C. I don’t care neither D. I don’t care also
2. Not until all the fish died in the river
____ how serious the pollution was.
A. did the villagers realize
B. the villagers realized
C. the villagers did realized D. didn’t the villagers realized
3. Only in this way ____ do it well.
A. must we
C. can we
B. we could
D. we can B. arrived he D. did he arrive
4. Hardly ____ when it began to rain. A. had he arrived C. he had arrived
5. Only when class began ____ that he
had left his book at home.
A. will realize
C. did he realize dictation yesterday.
B. he did realize
D. should he realize
6. Not a single mistake ____ in the A. did he make
C. he made
B. made by him
D. he had made
7. No sooner ____ his talk than he ___ by the workers. A. he finished; surrounded all
B. did he finish; did surround
C. had he finished; was surrounded
D. after he finished; was surrounded
8. Little ___ know about verbs, Franz
__ his head. A. did he; dare not lift B. he; dare not lift C. did he; dare not to lift D. doesn’t; doesn’t dare lift
9. I finally got the job. Never in all
life___ so happy.
A. did I feel B. I felt
C. I had felt
D. had I felt