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高中英语动词时态和语态专项练习题及答案


高中英语动词时态和语态专项练习题
语境中的时态和语态具有灵活多变的特点,因此找出隐含于上下文中的时间信 息, 正确认定动作行为所发生的时间是解题的关键。 做动词时态和语态填空题时, 常常按以下几个步骤: (1)注意题干所提供的信息,如语境、情景以及说话人的情感; (2)根据句中的时间状语以及一些副词判断时态; (3)考虑语态; (4)考虑时态的一致性。另外,复习时,还要涉及到短暂性动词与延续性动词, 这两个概念一定要搞清。短暂性动词用于进行时态和完成时态都要受到限制。 1.(2002 全国高考题)-You haven't said a word about my new coat,Brenda.Do you like it? -I'm sorry I ________ anything about it sooner.I certainly think it's pretty on you. A.wasn't saying C.won't say B.don't say D.didn't say

2.(2002 全国高考题)I wonder why Jenny ________us recently.We should have heard from her by now. A.hasn't written C.won't write B.doesn't write D.hadn't written

3.(2003 北京春季高考题)-When will you come to see me,Dad? -I will go to see you when you ________ the training course. A.will have finished C.are finishing B.will finish D.finish

4.(2003 北京春季高考题)-How long ________ at this job? -Since 1990. A.were you employed C.had you been employed B.have you been employed D.will you be employed

5.(2003 上海春季高考题)By the end of last year,another new gymnasium ________ in Beijing. A.would be completed B.was being completed

C.has been completed

D.had been completed

6.(2002 北京高考题)The little girl ________her heart out because she ________ her toy bear and believed she wasn't ever going to find it. A.had cried; lost C.has cried; has lost B.cried; had lost D.cries; has lost

7.(2002 北京高考题)-Excuse me,sir.Would you do me a favor? -Of course.What is it? -I ________ if you could tell me how to fill out this form. A.had wondered C.would wonder B.was wondering D.did wonder

8.(2002 上海高考题)He will have learned English for eight years by the time he ________ from the university next year. A.will graduate C.graduates B.will have graduated D.is to graduate

9.(2002 上海高考题)I feel it is your husband who ________for the spoiled child. A.is to blame C.is to be blame B.is going to blame D.should blame

10.He has been writing the composition the whole morning and he still ________. A.has been C.has B.does D.is

11.If city noises ________ from increasing,people ________ shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now. A.are not kept; will have to C.do not keep; will have to B.are not kept; have to D.do not keep; have to

12.The price ________,but I doubt whether it will remain so. A.went down C.has gone down B.will go down D.was going down

13.-How long ________ each other before they ________ married? -For about a year.

A.have they known; get B.did they know; get C.do they know; are going to get D.had they known; got 14.You can't move in right now.The house ________. A.has painted C.is being painted 15.-Hey,look where you are going! -Oh,I'm terribly sorry.________. A.I'm not noticing C.I haven't noticed B.I wasn't noticing D.I don't notice B.is painted D.is painting

16.The reporter said that the UFO ________ east to west when he saw it. A.was traveling C.had been traveling 17.-Is this raincoat yours? -No,mine ________ there behind the door. A.is hanging B.has hang C.hangs D.hang B.traveled D.was to travel

18.I turned around and saw everybody ________ at a man who ________ loudly in a foreign language. A.was staring; was shouting C.staring; shouting B.was staring; shouting D.stared; shouted

19.Henry remained silent for a moment.He ________. A.thought C.was thinking B.had thought D.was thought

20.We would like to go and thank him ourselves,but we ________ out his address yet, A.haven't found C.didn't find B.hadn't found D.don't find China last year but I don't know

21.Shirley ________ a book about whether she has finished. A.has written

B.wrote

C.had written

D.was writing

22.-Have you got your test result? -Not yet.The papers ________. A.are not correcting B.have not corrected C.are still being corrected D.have already been corrected 23.See the clouds! It ________ rain! A.will B.is going to C.must D.certainly

24.Do I have to take this medicine? It ________ so terrible. A.tastes B.is tasting C.is tasted D.has tasted

25.Don't take the magazine away.It ________ me. A.is belonged to C.was belonged to B.belongs to D.is belonging to

26.Is this the third time that you ________ late? A.have been B.am C.was D.had been

27.-Do you know when Tom ________ from abroad? -Perhaps it will be a long time before he ________. A.will come; will come C.will come; comes B.comes; will come D.comes; comes

28.My uncle said that he would telephone but I ________ from him so far. A.didn't hear C.haven't heard B.hadn't heard D.won't hear

29.The telephone ________ four times in the last hour,and each time it ________ for my roommate. A.has rung; was C.had rung; was 30.A storm ________ by a calm. A.is often being followed C.is often followed B.was often followed D.has often been followed B.has been ringing; is D.rang; has been

31.The pen I ________ I ________ is on my desk,right under my nose. A.think; lost C.think; had lost B.thought; had lost D.thought; lost

32.-We could have walked to the station.It was so near. -Yes,a taxi ________ at all necessary. A.wasn't C.couldn't be B.hadn't been D.won't be

33.A friend of mine returned to his house after a holiday only to find it ________. A.to be broken C.was broken B.had broken into D.had been broken into

34.They believed that by using computers the production of their factory ________. A.will greatly increase B.would greatly increase C.would be increased greatly D.will have been greatly increased 35.His eyes shone brightly when he finally received the magazines he ________. A.had long been expected B.had long expected C.has long expected D.was long expected 36.-Do you like the new pen? -Yes,it ________ very well. A.is written C.writes B.is writing D.wrote

37.-Oh,it's you? I didn't recognize you. -I ________ my hair cut,and I ________ new glass. A.had; was wearing C.had; wore B.have had; am wearing D.have had; wear

38.As she ________ the newspaper,Granny ________ asleep. A.read; was falling C.was reading; was falling B.was reading; fell D.read; fell

39.However hard you ________,you will never succeed in pleasing her. A.try C.should try 40.-Can I help you,sir? -Yes,I bought this radio yesterday,but it ________. A.didn't work C.can't work 41.-How are you today? -Oh,I ________ as ill as I do now for a very long time. A.didn't feel C.don't feel B.wasn't feeling D.haven't felt B.won't work D.doesn't work B.will try D.would try

42.When Jack arrived he learned Mary ________ for about an hour. A.had gone C.had left B.had set off D.had been away

43.By this time tomorrow we ________ the machine. A.have repaired C.will repair B.shall have repaired D.would repair

44.I don't think Jim saw me,he ________ into space. A.just stared C.has just stared B.was just staring D.had just stared

45.Helen ________ her key in the office so she had to wait until her husband ________ home. A.had left; came C.left; had come B.has left; comes D.had left; would come

46.-You have left the light on. -Oh,so I have.________ and turn it off. A.I'll go B.I've gone

C.I go

D.I'm going

47.This is Ted's photo.We miss him a lot.He ________ trying to save a child in earthquake. A.killed C.was killed B.is killed D.was killing

48.The notice ________ "No smoking." A.is wrote C.writes B.reads D.is read

49.Good care must ________ babies particularly while they are ill. A.take C.be taken B.take of D.be taken of

50.Shortly after we ________,a waiter came over to our table with a smile. A.seated C.sat ourselves B.were seated D.had seated

51.-You look pale,what troubled you? -I ________ my dead friend. A.am thinking about C.had thought about B.was thinking about D.will think about

52.John and I ________ friends for eight years.We first got to know each other at a Christmas party.But we ________ each other a couple of times before that. A.had been; have seen C.have been; had seen B.have been; have seen D.had been; had seen

53.Do make sure that you ________ a seat today! A.got C.should B.get D.have get

54.We ________ at the house as we ________ of buying it. A.looked; were thinking B.were looking; were thinking C.were looking; thought D.looked; had thought

55.-I'm told that you are leaving for -Who ________ so? A.said C.says B.had said D.has said

Beijing.

56.I ________ the room to be empty but found it occupied. A.had thought C.didn't think B.have thought D.was thinking

57.Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology ________ so rapidly. A.will have changed C.is changing B.has changed D.will change

58.I ________ ping-pong quite well,but I haven't had time to play since the new year. A.will play C.played B.have played D.play

59.Visitors ________ not to touch the exhibits. A.will request C.are requesting B.are requested D.request

60.They ________ a snowstorm on their way home. A.caught in C.were caught B.had caught D.were caught in

参考答案:
1~5 DADBD 6~10 BBCAD 11~15 ACDCB 16~20 AAACA

21~25 DCBAB

26~30 ACCAC

31~35 BADCC

36~40 CBBAD

41~45 DDBBA

46~50 ACBDB

51~55 BCBBC5

6~60 ACDBD

【解析】

1.用过去时表达没能早说之意。

2.用完成时表达到目前为止本应发生的动作。

3.主句将来时,状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。

4.本句用完成时当无疑问,值得注意的是后面的结构是系表结构表状态,不是被动语态。

5.受 by the end of last year 的影响,本句是典型的过去完成时。

6.体会一下时间的先后就可明白,前一句是一般过去时,后一句是过去完成时。

7.空格所指的是说话前正在考虑的动作。

9.本句是强调句型,sb. is to blame 是"得怪谁"的意思。

10.填空处是现在进行时的省略。

14.现在进行时的被动语态。

16.强调看见时 the UFO 正在发生的动作。

22.答语为现在进行时的被动语态,指"试卷正在被批改"。

23.有征兆表明某事即将发生一般用 be going to

表达。

24.taste 为连系动词,因而没有被动语态。

25.belong to 没有被动语态。

30.全句意为"暴风雨过后是一片宁静"。

33.only to 引导的是一个结果状语,所填空处是典型的过去完成时的被动语态。

40.一般现在时陈述事实。

43.受 by this time tomorrow 这一时间状语的影响,本题所填是中学不太常见的将来完成时。

余下部分问题不多,在此不做详细解释。


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