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船舶港口专业英语


船舶工程||ship engineering, maritime engineering 船[舶]||ship, vessel 艇||boat, craft 筏||raft 舰艇||naval ship, warship 战斗舰艇||combatant ship, combat ship 水面战斗舰艇||surface combat ship 航空母舰||aircraft carrier 巡洋舰||cruiser 驱逐舰||destroyer 护卫舰||frigate 护卫艇||coastal escort, gun boat 猎潜艇||submarine chaser 导弹快艇||guided missile boat, fast attack craft, FAC 鱼雷快艇||torpedo boat, fast attack craft, FAC 破雷舰||special minesweeper 扫雷舰艇||minesweeper 猎雷舰艇||minehunter 布雷舰艇||minelayer 登陆战舰艇||amphibious warfare ships and crafts 登陆舰||landing ship 登陆艇||landing craft 潜[水]艇||submarine 常规潜艇||conventional submarine 核潜艇||nuclear submarine 辅助舰船||auxiliary ship 航行补给船||underway replenishment ship 供应船||tender, supply ship, supply vessel 侦察船||scout ship 靶船||target craft 消磁船||degaussing ship 导弹卫星跟踪测量船||missile range instrumentation ship, instrumented tracking and telemetry ship 医院船||hospital ship 防险救生船||rescue ship 试验船||research ship 修理船||repair ship 训练船||training ship 捞雷船||torpedo recovery ship 商船||merchant ship, commercial ship 运输船||transport ship 客船||passenger ship

客货船||passenger ? cargo ship 旅游船||excursion vesssel, tourist ship, pleasure trip ship, recreation ship 货船||cargo ship, freighter, cargo carrier 干货船||dry cargo ship 杂货船||general cargo ship 多用途货船||multipurpose cargo ship, general purpose ship 散货船||bulk carrier, bulk cargo ship 运煤船||coal carrier 矿砂船||ore carrier 矿油船||ore/oil carrier 油散矿船||ore/bulk/oil carrier, OBO 运木船||timber carrier, log carrier 液货船||tanker, liquid cargo ship 油船||oil tanker, oil carrier 原油油船||crude oil tanker 成品油船||product carrier 液化天然气船||liquified natural gas carrier, LNG 液化石油气船||liquified petroleum gas carrier, LPG 化学品船||chemical tanker, chemical carrier 冷藏船||refrigerator ship, refrigerated [cargo] carrier 集装箱船||container ship 滚装船||roll on ? roll off ship, Ro/Ro ship, drive on/drive off ship 运畜船||cattle carrier 载驳船||barge carrier, lighter aboard ship 渡船||ferry 驳船||barge, lighter 工程船||working ship, work ship 海洋调查船||oceanographic research ship 挖泥船||dredger 起重船||floating crane, crane barge 打桩船||floating pile driver, pile driving barge 打捞船||salvage ship 航标船||buoy tender 布缆船||cable layer [水道]测量船||survey ship, hydrographical ship 破冰船||icebreaker, icebreaking ship 渔政船||fishery administration ship 渔船||fishing vessel 捕鲸船||whaler 捕鲸母船||whale factory ship 渔业基地船||fishing depot ship 拖船||tug, tugboat, tow boat, towing vessel [顶]推船||pusher, push boat 港务船||harbor craft

农用船||agricultural vessel 浮油回收船||oil skimmer, oil recovery ship 趸船||pontoon 游艇||pleasure craft, yacht, refreshment boat 工作艇||jolly boat, work boat 消防船||firefighting ship 赛艇||racing boat, runner boat 舢板||sampan 海船||sea ? going ship 远洋船||ocean going ship 极区船||arctic vessel 沿海船||coaster vessel 海峡[渡]船||channel ship, channel ferry 内河船||inland vessel, inland navigation vessel 排水型船||displacement ship 全潜船||underwater ship 半潜船||semi ? submerged ship 高性能船||high performance craft 滑行艇||planing boat, glider 气垫船||air ? cushion vessel, hovercraft 水翼艇||hydrofoil craft 冲翼艇||ram ? wing craft, aerofoil boat 小水线面双体船||small waterplane area twin hull, SWATH 机动船||power ? driven ship, self ? propelled vessel 蒸汽机船||steam ship, steamer 汽轮机船||steam turbine ship 柴油机船||diesel ship, motor ship 燃气轮机船||gas turbine ship 核动力船||nuclear[? powered] ship 电力推进船||electrically propelled ship, electric propulsion ship 机帆船||power ? sail ship, motor sailer 非机动船||non ? powered ship, non ? propelled ship 帆船||sailer, sailing boat 螺旋桨船||screw ship, propeller vessel 平旋推进器船||cycloidal propeller ship, Voith Schneider ship 喷水推进船||hydrojet propelled ship, waterjet [propelled] boat 喷气推进船||airjet propelled boat 单体船||mono ? hull ship 双体船||catamaran, twin ? hull ship 多体船||multi ? hulled ship 双壳船||double ? skin ship, double hull ship 平甲板船||flush deck ship 长艏楼船||long forecastle ship 长艉楼船||long poop ship

中机型船||amidships ? engined ship 艉机型船||stern ? engined ship 艏升高甲板船||raised foredeck ship 艉升高甲板船||raised quarter ? deck ship 单甲板船||single ? decked ship 双甲板船||double ? decked ship 多甲板船||multi ? decked ship 钢船||steel ship 木船||wooden vessel 水泥船||concrete ship 轻合金船||light alloy ship 玻璃钢船||fiberglass reinforced plastic ship, FRP ship 船级||class of ship 船级社||classification society, register of shipping 国际船级社协会||International Association of Classification Societies, IACS 入级||classification 入级检验||classification survey 入级符号||character of class, character of classification 入级标志||class notation 船舶入级和建造规范||rules for classification and construction of ships 入级证书||classification certificate, certificate of class 国际海事组织||International Maritime Organization, IMO 国际船舶载重线公约||International Convention on Load Line, ILLC 国际海上人命安全公约||International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, SOLAS 国际海上避碰规则||International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, COLREGS 国际船舶吨位丈量公约||International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships 国际防止船舶造成污染公约||International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, MARPOL 国际集装箱安全公约||International Convention for Safety Container, CSC 国际散装运输危险化学品船舶构造与设备规则||International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk, IBC code 国际散装运输液化气体船舶构造和设备规则||International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk, IGC code 船旗国||flag state 船籍港||port of registry 法定检验||statutory survey 国际船舶载重线证书||International Load Line Certificate 客船安全证书||Passenger Ship Safety Certificate 货船构造安全证书||Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate 货船设备安全证书||Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate 货船无线电安全证书||Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate 货船安全证书||Cargo Ship Safety Certificate 免除证书||Exemption Certificate 国际吨位证书||International Tonnage Certificate

国际防止油污证书||International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate, IOPP cert. 国际防止散装运输有毒液体物质污染证书||International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk 国际防止生活污水污染证书||International Sewage Pollution Prevention Certificate 国际散装运输液化气体适装证书||International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk 国际散装运输危险化学品适装证书||International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk 船舶国籍证书||Certificate of Ship ? s Nationality 总布置||general arrangement 舱室布置||interior arrangement 机舱布置||engine room arrangement 梯道布置||stairway and passage way arrangement 舱||compartment 舱室||space 艏尖舱||fore peak 艉尖舱||afterpeak 底边舱||bottom side tank 顶边舱||top side tank 边舱||wing tank 底舱||hold 双层底舱||double bottom tank 深舱||deep tank 甲板间舱||tweendeck space 空隔舱||cofferdam 罗经甲板||compass deck 驾驶甲板||navigation deck, bridge deck 艇甲板||boat deck 游步甲板||promenade deck 起居甲板||accommodation deck 直升机甲板||helicopter deck 上甲板||upper deck 起货机平台||winch platform 通道||passage, alleyway 内通道||interior alleyway 外通道||exterior passage way 跳板||ramp 驾驶室||wheel house, navigation bridge 海图室||chart room 报务室||radio room 雷达室||radar room 机舱||engine room 机舱集控室||engine control room 反应堆舱||reactor room

锅炉舱||boiler room 泵舱||pump room 锚链舱||chain locker 舵机舱||steering engine room, steering gear room 通风机室||fan room 空调机室||air ? conditioning unit room 消防控制室||fire ? control room 应急发电机室||emergency generator room 蓄电池室||battery room 货油控制室||cargo oil control room 陀螺罗经室||gyro ? compass room 桅室||mast room 声呐舱||sonar transducer space 计程仪舱||log room 泡沫室||foam room 二氧化碳室||CO ? 2 room 测深仪舱||echo sounder room 机修间||work shop 电工间||electrician ? s store 木工间||carpenter ? s store 贮藏室||store 损管设备室||damage control equipment room 油漆间||paint store 粮食库||provision store 冷藏库||refrigerating chamber 冷冻机室||refrigerator room 起居舱室||accommodation, living quarter 居住舱室||cabin 船长室||captain room 大副室||chief officer room 二副室||2nd officer room 三副室||3rd officer room 轮机长室||chief engineer room 大管轮室||1st engineer room 二管轮室||2nd engineer room 三管轮室||3rd engineer room 船员室||crew room 客舱||passenger cabin 货舱||cargo hold, cargo space 货油舱||cargo oil tank 集装箱舱||container hold 冷藏货舱||refrigerated cargo hold 车辆舱||vehicle hold 液化天然气舱||liquified natural gas tank

液化石油气舱||liquified petroleum gas tank 邮件舱||mail room 行李舱||luggage room 液舱||liquid tank 燃油舱||fuel oil tank 滑油舱||lubricating oil tank 溢油舱||overflow oil tank 污油舱||sludge tank, dirty oil tank 压载水舱||ballast water tank 专用压载水舱||segregated ballast tank, SBT 污液舱||slop tank 淡水舱||fresh water tank 饮水舱||drinking water tank 锅炉水舱||feed water tank 污水舱||bilge water tank 循环滑油舱||circulating lubricating oil tank 全降落区标志||full landing area mark 限制降落区标志||restricted landing area mark 悬降区标志||winching area mark 船体型表面||molded hull surface 裸船体||bare hull, naked hull 型排水体积||molded volume 附体||appendages 主要要素||principal particulars 中站面||midstation plane 基面||base plane 中线面||center line plane 主坐标平面||principal coordinate planes 基线||base line; base line 主尺度||principal dimensions 总长||length overall, LOA 垂线间长||length between perpendiculars, LPP 水线长||waterline length 设计水线长||designed waterline length, LWL 满载水线长||load waterline length 型宽||molded breadth 水线宽||waterline breadth 片体水线宽||waterline breadth of demihull for catamaran 最大宽||extreme breadth 型深||molded depth 吃水||draft, draught 型吃水||molded draft 设计吃水||designed draft 结构吃水||scantling draft

艏吃水||fore draft 艉吃水||after draft 平均吃水||mean draft 外形吃水||navigational draft 翼航吃水||foil borne draft 龙骨净空||keel clearance 垫升船底净空||hovering hull clearance 垫航吃水||hovering draft 船底净空||box clearance 片体间距||demihull spacing 满载吃水||loaded draft 空载吃水||light draft 吃水标志||draft mark 型线图||lines plan 艏垂线||forward perpendicular 艉垂线||after perpendicular 格子线||grid 站||ordinate station 中站||midstation 站线||station ordinates 型线||molded lines 数学型线||mathematical lines 型值||offsets 型值表||table of offsets 横剖面||transverse sections 中横剖面||midship section 最大横剖面||maximum section 水线面||water plane 中纵剖面||longitudinal section in center plane 纵剖线||buttocks 横剖线||body lines 斜剖线||diagonal 外廓线||profile 水线||waterline 设计水线||designed waterline 满载水线||loaded waterline 甲板线||deck line 甲板边线||deck side line 甲板中线||deck center line 舷弧||sheer 梁拱||camber 梁拱线||camber curve 舭||bilge 舭部升高||deadrise

舭部半径||bilge radius 龙骨线||keel line 龙骨设计斜度||rake of keel 龙骨折角线||knuckle line of keel, chine line of keel 龙骨水平半宽||half ? siding 折角线||knuckle line 隧道顶线||tunnel top line 内倾||tumble home 外倾||flare 外飘||flare 方艉浸宽||immersed transom beam 方艉浸深||immersed transom draft 船型系数||coefficients of form 方形系数||block coefficient 棱形系数||prismatic coefficient 垂向棱形系数||vertical prismatic coefficient 水线面系数||waterline coefficient 中横剖面系数||midship section coefficient 最大横剖面系数||maximum transverse section coefficient 主尺度比||dimension ratio 长宽比||length breadth ratio 长深比||length depth ratio 宽深比||breadth depth ratio 宽度吃水比||breadth draft ratio 长度吃水比||length draft ratio 吃水型深比||draft depth ratio 前体||fore body 后体||after body 水线平行段||parallel waterline 水线前段||waterline beginning 水线后段||waterline ending 平行中体||parallel middle body 进流段||entrance 去流段||run 肩||shoulder 半进流角||half angle of entrance 方艉端面||transom 艏踵||forefoot 艉踵||aftfoot 轴包套||shaft bossing 艉轴架||propeller shaft bracket, propeller struts, A ? bracket 艉鳍||deadwood skeg 双艉鳍||twin ? skeg 前倾型艏||raked bow

直立型艏||vertical bow 破冰型艏||icebreaker bow 球鼻艏||bulbous bow 椭圆艉||elliptical stern 方艉||transom stern 巡洋舰艉||cruiser stern 隧道艉||tunnel stern 球形艉||bulbous stern 球臌型剖面||bulb section U 型剖面||U ? section V 型剖面||V ? section 气垫面积||cushion area 排水量||displacement 型排水量||molded displacement 总排水量||total displacement 空船重量||light weight 满载排水量||full load displacement 设计排水量||designed displacement 储备排水量||displacement margin 载重量||deadweight 载货量||cargo dead weight 有酬载荷||payload 载重量系数||deadweight displacement ratio 压载||ballast 干舷||freeboard 干舷甲板||freeboard deck 载重线||loadline 载重线标志||loadline mark 载重量标尺||deadweight scale 液舱容积||tank capacity 货舱容积||cargo capacity 散装舱容||grain cargo capacity 包装舱容||bale cargo capacity 膨胀容积||allowance for expansion 容积曲线||capacity curve 舱容图||capacity plan 积载||stowage 积载因数||stowage factor 全船积载因数||ship ? s stowage factor 吨位||tonnage 总吨位||gross tonnage 净吨位||net tonnage 苏伊士运河吨位||Suez canal tonnage 巴拿马运河吨位||Panama canal tonnage

吨位丈量||tonnage measurement 围蔽处所||enclosed spaces 免除处所||excluded spaces 浮性||buoyancy 浮态||floating condition 正浮||floating on even keel, zero trim 横倾||list, heel 横倾角||angle of list, angle of heel 纵倾||trim 纵倾角||angle of trim 艏倾||trim by bow 艉倾||trim by stern 纵倾调整||trim adjustment 浮力||buoyancy force 损失浮力||lost buoyancy 储备浮力||reserve buoyancy 浮心||center of buoyancy 漂心||center of floatation 重心||center of gravity 静水力曲线||hydrostatic curve 邦戎曲线||Bonjean ? s curves 横剖面面积曲线||curve of sectional areas 费尔索夫图谱||Firsov ? s diagram 水线面面积曲线||curve of areas of waterplanes 每厘米吃水吨数曲线||curve of tons per centimeter of immersion 每厘米纵倾力矩曲线||moment to change trim one centimeter curve 型排水体积曲线||curve of molded displaced volumes versus draft 总排水量曲线||total displacement curve 稳性||stability 横稳性||transverse stability 纵稳性||longitudinal stability 初稳性||initial stability 静稳性||statical stability 动稳性||dynamical stability 破舱稳性||damaged stability 大倾角稳性||stability at large angle 复原力矩||righting moment, restoring moment 复原力臂||righting lever, restoring lever 稳性衡准数||stability criterion numeral 横倾力矩||heeling moment 纵倾力矩||trimming moment 最小倾覆力矩||capsizing moment 风压倾斜力矩||wind heeling moment 计算风力作用力臂||rated wind pressure lever

稳心||metacenter 横稳心||transverse metacenter 纵稳心||longitudinal metacenter 稳心半径||metacentric radius 稳心曲线||locus of metacenters 重稳距||metacentric height 初重稳距||initial metacentric height 修正后初重稳距||virtual initial metacentric height 静稳性曲线||statical stability curve 稳性消失角||angle of vanishing stability 最大复原力臂角||angle of maximum righting lever 动稳性曲线||curve of dynamical stability 动横倾角||dynamical heeling angle 动倾覆角||dynamical upsetting angle 形状稳性力臂曲线||cross curves of stability 自由液面||free surface 自由液面修正||free surface correction 进水角||flooding angle 极限重心垂向坐标曲线||curve of limiting positions of center of gravity 不沉性||insubmersibility 水密分舱||watertight subdivision 容积渗透率||volume permeability 面积渗透率||surface permeability 业务衡准数||criterion of service numeral 分舱因数||factor of subdivision 可浸长度||floodable length 许可舱长||permissible length 破舱水线||flood waterline 损失水线面面积||lost waterplane area 分舱吃水||subdivision draft 分舱载重线||subdivision loadline 最深分舱载重线||deepest subdivision loadline 限界线||margin line 对称浸水||symmetrical flooding 不对称浸水||unsymmetrical flooding 扶正注水||counter flooding 船舶快速性||ship resistance and performance 船舶阻力||ship resistance 湿面积||wetted surface 滑行艇底面积||planing bottom area 滑行航态湿面积||wetted area underway of planning hull 航速||ship speed 拖曳航速||towing speed 自由航速||free running speed

设计航速||design speed 服务航速||service speed 试航速度||trial speed 总阻力||total resistance 摩擦阻力||frictional resistance 粘性阻力||viscous resistance 压阻力||pressure resistance 粘压阻力||viscous pressure resistance 兴波阻力||wave making resistance 波型阻力||wave pattern resistance 空气阻力||air resistance 附体阻力||appendage resistance 尾流阻力||resistance of trailing stream 飞溅阻力||spray resistance 汹涛阻力||rough ? sea resistance 浅水阻力||shallow water resistance 浅水效应||shallow water effect 限制航道阻力||restricted water resistance 粗糙度阻力||roughness resistance 江面坡度阻力||drag due to surface slope 江面坡度推力||push due to surface slope 阻力系数||resistance coefficient 形状系数||form coefficient 续航力||endurance 海军系数||Admiralty coefficient 污底||fouling 自航因子||self ? propulsion factor 推力减额||thrust deduction 推力减额分数||thrust deduction fraction 推力减额因数||thrust deduction factor 伴流||wake 标称伴流||nominal wake 实效伴流||effective wake 伴流分数||wake fraction 伴流因数||wake factor 有效推力||effective thrust 推力功率||thrust power 有效功率||effective power 收到功率||delivered power 推进系数||propulsive coefficient 推进效率||propulsive efficiency 船后推进器效率||propulsive efficiency behind ship 船身效率||hull efficiency 相对旋转效率||relative rotative efficiency

船舶推进||ship propulsion 推进器||propeller, propulsor 螺旋桨||screw propeller 右旋||right ? hand turning 左旋||left ? hand turning 内旋||inward turning 外旋||outward turning 螺旋桨直径||diameter of propeller 螺旋桨盘||propeller disc 螺旋桨盘面积||propeller disc area 螺旋桨基准线||propeller reference line 螺旋桨中点||center of propeller 螺旋桨平面||propeller plan 桨毂||hub, boss 毂径||hub diameter 毂径比||hub diameter ratio 毂长||hub length 桨叶||blade 最大叶宽||maximum width of blade 最大叶宽比||maximum blade width ratio 平均叶宽||mean blade width 平均叶宽比||mean blade width ratio 叶面||face of blade 叶背||back of blade 母线||generating line 叶面参考线||blade reference line 面节线||face pitch line 螺距||pitch 面螺距||face pitch 等螺距||constant pitch 变螺距||variable pitch 螺距比||pitch ratio 螺距角||pitch angle 叶根||blade root 根厚||root thickness 轴线上叶厚||blade thickness on axial line 叶厚比||blade thickness ratio 叶梢||blade tip 叶端||blade end 梢厚||blade tip thickness 梢隙||blade tip clearance 导边||leading edge 随边||trailing edge 纵斜||rake

螺旋桨纵倾角||rake angle of propeller 侧斜||skew back 侧斜角||skew angle 投影轮廓||projected outline 展开轮廓||developed outline 伸张轮廓||expended outline 叶侧投影||side projection of blade 叶侧投影限界||limit of side projection of blade 投影面积||projected area 展开面积||developed area 伸张面积||expended area 投影面积比||projected area ratio 展开面积比||developed area ratio 伸张面积比||expended area ratio 叶面比||blade area ratio 叶切面||blade section 导边半径||radius of leading edge 随边半径||radius of trailing edge 翘度||set ? back, wash ? back 毂帽||propeller cap 抗谐鸣边||anti ? singing edge 叶元体||blade element 进速||speed of advance 进角||advance angle 螺旋桨推力||thrust of propeller 螺旋桨转矩||torque of propeller 螺旋桨尾流||propeller race, slipstream 进速系数||advance coefficient 表观进速系数||apparent advance coefficient 进速比||advance ratio 滑脱||slip 推力系数||thrust coefficient 转矩系数||torque coefficient 船舶拖曳力||towing force of ship 系桩拉力||bollard pull 螺旋桨敞水效率||open water propeller efficiency 螺旋桨特征曲线||characteristic curves of propeller 根涡||root vortex 梢涡||tip vortex 螺旋桨设计图谱||propeller design charts 直径系数||Taylor ? s diameter constant, Taylor ? s advance coefficient 收到功率系数||Taylor ? s propeller coefficient based on delivered power 推力功率系数||Taylor ? s propeller coefficient based on thrust power 功率载荷系数||power loading coefficient

推力载荷系数||thrust loading coefficient 最佳转速||optimum revolution 最佳直径||optimum diameter 浸深||immersion 浸深比||immersion ratio 可控螺距螺旋桨||controllable ? pitch propeller 对转螺旋桨||contrarotating propellers 导管推进器||ducted propeller, shrouded propeller 全回转推进器||all ? direction propeller, rudder propeller 串列螺旋桨||tandem propeller 重叠螺旋桨||overlap propeller 适伴流螺旋桨||wake ? adapted propeller 反应推进器||contra propeller, reaction propeller 喷水推进器||waterjet propulsor 平旋推进器||cycloidal propeller, Voith ? Schneider propeller 空化螺旋桨||cavitating propeller 超空化螺旋桨||super ? cavitating propeller, full ? cavitating propeller 空气螺旋桨||air screw 明轮||paddle wheel 侧推器||thruster 空化||cavitation 背空化||back cavitation 云状空化||cloud cavitation 叶面空化||face cavitation 泡沫空化||foam cavitation, burbling cavitation 桨毂空化||hub cavitation 片状空化||sheet cavitation, laminar cavitation 无空化||non ? cavitating, sub ? cavitation 超空化||supercavitation 叶梢空化||tip cavitation 梢涡空化||tip vortex cavitation 尾涡空化||trailing vortex cavitation 叶根空化||root cavitation 空化斗||cavitation bucket 空化衡准||cavitation criteria 空化数||cavitation number 临界空化数||critical cavitation number 空泡||cavity 空泡长度||cavity length 空泡厚度||cavity thickness 空泡压力||cavity pressure 不稳定空泡||non ? stationary cavity 局部空泡||partial cavity 脉动空泡||pulsating cavity

定常空泡||steady cavity 不定常空泡||unsteady cavity 空蚀||cavitation erosion 船舶操纵性||ship maneuverability 横移||sideslip 横漂||drift 螺旋桨转艏效应||propeller effect on course changing 开环操纵性||open loop maneuverability 闭环操纵性||close loop maneuverability 静稳定性||static stability 动稳定性||dynamic stability 渐近稳定性||asymptotical stability 水动力分量||hydrodynamic force components 水动力导数||hydrodynamic force derivatives 孟克力矩||Munk monent 直线稳定性||straight line stability 方向稳定性||directional stability 位置稳定性||positional stability 航向保持性||course keeping quality 转艏性||course changing quality 回转性||turning quality 倒航操纵性||astern maneuverability 应急操纵性||crash maneuverability 操纵性衡准||criteria of maneuverability 可操纵域||maneuverable range 入试航速||approach speed on testing 转舵阶段||maneuvering period 过渡阶段||transition period 稳定回转阶段||steady turning period 回转迹线||turning path 回转周期||turning period 纵距||advance 横距||transfer 反向横距||kick 战术直径||tactical diameter 回转直径||steady turning diameter 回转中心||center of turning circle 枢心||pivoting point 回转速降||speed drop on turning 回转横倾角||heel on turning 回转突倾||snap heel on turning 初转期||initial turning time 转艏滞后||course change lag 超越角||overshoot angle

纠偏期||time to check yaw 复向期||reach Z 形操纵周期||time for a complete cycle in zigzag 操纵性特征曲线||maneuvering characteristics curve 不稳定环||hysteresis loop 转船力矩||moment of turning ship 水下侧面积||lateral underwater area 舵空化||rudder cavitation 耐波性||seakeeping qualities 适航性||seaworthiness 耐波性衡准||criteria of seakeeping qualities 船舶摇荡||ship oscillation 纵摇||pitching 横摇||rolling 艏摇||yawing 垂荡||heaving 纵荡||surging 横荡||swaying 谐摇||resonance 耦合运动||coupling motion 附加质量||added mass 横摇阻尼||rolling damping 摩擦阻尼||frictional damping 旋涡阻尼||eddy making damping 兴波阻尼||wave making damping 舭龙骨阻尼||bilge keel damping 升力阻尼||lift effect damping 扰动力||exciting force 辐射力||radiation force 衍射力||diffraction force 动水位升高||dynamic swell ? up 有效干舷||effective freeboard 甲板淹湿||deck wetness 淹湿性||wetness 飞溅||spray 横摇衰减曲线||curve of declining angle 消灭曲线||curve of extinction 失速||speed loss 飞车||propeller racing 横甩||broaching 波浪中平均功率增值||mean increase of power in waves 波浪中平均阻力增值||mean increase of resistance in waves 波浪中平均转矩增值||mean increase of torque in waves 波浪中平均推力增值||mean increase of thrust in waves

波浪中平均转速增值||mean increase of propeller revolution in waves 波浪谱||wave spectrum 波能波密度||wave power spectral density 响应谱||response spectrum 浪向||sea direction 遭遇角||wave encounter angle 顶浪||head sea 随浪||following sea 横浪||beam sea 艏斜浪||bow sea 艉斜浪||quartering sea 长峰波||long crested waves 短峰波||short crested waves 规则波||regular wave 不规则波||irregular wave 瞬态波||transient wave [频率]方向谱||directional spectrum 有义波高||significant wave height 波倾角||slope of wave surface 有效波倾角||effective wave slope 有效波倾系数||coefficient of effective wave slope 傅汝德—克雷洛夫假定||Froude ? Kryloff hypothesis 船模试验水池||ship model experimental tank 拖曳水池||towing tank 浅水试验水池||shallow water tank 减压试验水池||depressurized tank 耐波性试验水池||seakeeping tank 操纵性试验水池||maneuvering tank, maneuvering basin 风、浪、流试验水池||wind, wave and current tank 旋臂水池||rotating arm basin 循环水槽||circulating water chan ? nel 空化水筒||cavitation tunnel 低速风洞||low speed wind tunnel 冰水池||ice model tank 水下爆炸试验水池||underwater explosion tank 坐标定位拖车试验水池||basin with x ? y plot carriage 船体振动试验水池||ship hull vibration testing tank 模型拖车||model towing carriage 测试段||measuring section 加速段||accelerating section 假底||false bottom 敞水试验箱||open ? water test boat 激流装置||turbulence stimulator 平面运动机构||planar motion mechanism

数控平面运动拖车||computer controlled planar motion carriage 造波机||wave generator, wave maker 冲箱式造波机||plunger type wave generator 摇板式造波机||flap type wave generator 气动式造波机||pneumatic wave generator 蛇形造波机||snake type wave generator 消波器||wave damper 三自由度运动位移测量装置||displacement metering device with 3 ? degree of freedom 六自由度运动位移测量装置||displacement metering device with 6 ? degree of freedom 纵向强制摇荡装置||longitudinal forced oscillatory device 横向强制摇荡装置||transverse forced oscillation device 船模阻力仪||resistance dynamometer 纵倾测量仪||trim measuring meter 激光测速仪||laser velocimeter, laser Doppler velocimeter 伴流仪||wake meter 水翼三分力仪||3 ? component balance for hydrofoil 螺旋桨测力仪||propeller dynamometer 推力仪||thrust meter 转矩仪||torque meter 浪高仪||wave height recorder 波浪扰动动力仪||wave disturbance apparatus 波浪中阻力测量仪||resistance measuring device in waves 垂直式阻力动力仪||vertical ? type resistance dynamometer 波浪中自航要素测量仪||self ? propulsion element messuring device in waves 紊流探测器||turbulence detector 舵三分力仪||3 ? component balance for rudder 船模||ship model 标准船模||standard ship model 重叠船模||double model 系列船模||series of ship models 螺旋桨模型||model propeller 假模||dummy model 假毂||dummy propeller boss 试验临界雷诺数||critical Reynolds number for experiment 缩尺比||scale ratio 尺度效应||scale effect 阻塞比||blockage ratio 阻塞效应||blockage effect 阻塞修正||blockage correction 模型拖点||model towing point 伴流模拟||wake simulation 等推力法||wake assessment by thrust identity method 等转矩法||wake assessment by torque identity method 自航试验拖力||towing force in self ? propulsion test

船模自航点||self ? propulsion point of model 试验池实船自航点||self ? propulsion point of ship under tank conditions 阻力试验||resistance test 裸船模阻力试验||naked hull resistance test 船模系列试验||systematic test of ship models 自航试验||self ? propulsion test 纯粹自航试验||continental method of self ? propulsion test 强制自航试验||English method of self ? propulsion test 流线试验||streamline test 伴流测量||wake measurement, wake survey 尾流试验||wake measurement behind stern 船后螺旋桨试验||behind ship test of propeller 系列螺旋桨试验||systematic screw series experiments 反转试验||backing propeller test 锁制试验||fixed propeller test, locked propeller 部分浸水试验||partially immersed test 空化试验||cavitation test 耐波性试验||seakeeping test 规则波中试验||experiment in regular waves 不规则波中试验||experiment in irregular waves 波浪中阻力试验||resistance test in waves 波浪中自航试验||self ? propulsion test in waves 瞬态波试验||transient wave test 操纵性试验||maneuverability test 自由自航船模试验||free ? running model test 拘束船模试验||captive model test 回转试验||turning test 航向稳定性试验||course ? keeping test 回舵试验||pull ? out test 螺线试验||spiral test 逆螺线试验||reverse spiral test 航向改变试验||course change test Z 形[操纵]试验||zigzag test 停船试验||stopping test 紧急停船试验||crash stopping test 旋臂试验||rotating ? arm test 直线拖曳试验||straight line towing test 偏模直拖试验||oblique model towing test 平面运动机构试验||planar motion mechanism test 振荡仪试验||oscillator test 分段拼模试验||segmented model test 船体||hull 船体结构||hull structure 焊接船体结构||welded hull structure

铆接船体结构||riveted hull structure 主船体||main hull 甲板板架||deck grillage 船侧板架||side grillage 船底板架||bottom grillage 舱壁板架||bulkhead grillage 骨架||framing 横骨架式||transverse framing system 纵骨架式||longitudinal framing system 混合骨架式||combined framing system 桁材||girder 腹板||web 面板||face plate 构件||member 列板||strake 主要构件||primary member 次要构件||secondary member 连续构件||continuous member 间断构件||intercostal member 冰带区||ice belt 冰区加强||ice strengthening 纵骨||longitudinal 纵桁||longitudinal girder, stringer 肘板||bracket 折边肘板||flanged bracket 防倾肘板||tripping bracket 贯通肘板||through bracket 水平肘板||horizontal bracket 加强筋||stiffener, rib 覆板||doubling plate 扣板||gusset plate 压筋板||swaged plate 人孔||manhole 齿形孔||scallop 流水孔||drain hole 流水沟||gutterway 透气孔||air hole 通焊孔||clearance hole 减轻孔||lightening hole 洗舱孔||tank cleaning opening 肘板连接||bracket connection 直接连接||lug connection 面板切斜连接||clip connection 切斜端||snip end

跨距||span 纵骨间距||spacing of longitudinals 肋距||frame spacing, spacing of frame 外板||shell plate 方龙骨||bar keel 平板龙骨||plate keel 龙骨翼板||garboard strake 船底板||bottom plating 舭列板||bilge strake 舭龙骨||bilge keel 舷侧外板||side plating 舷顶列板||sheer strake 舷墙||bulwark 单底||single bottom 双层底||double bottom 内底板||inner bottom plating 内底边板||margin plate 龙骨||keel 中内龙骨||center keelson 旁内龙骨||side keelson 中桁材||center girder 旁桁材||side girder 箱形中桁材||duct center girder 半高底桁材||half depth girder 船底纵骨||bottom longitudinal 内底纵骨||inner bottom longitudinal 肋板||floor 实肋板||solid floor, plate floor 水密肋板||watertight floor 油密肋板||oiltight floor 组合肋板||bracket floor 轻型肋板||lightened floor 艉肋板||transom floor 船底横骨||bottom frame 内底横骨||reverse frame 撑材||strut 舭肘板||bilge bracket 污水井||bilge well 坞龙骨||docking keel 船侧骨架||side framing 肋骨||frame 主肋骨||main frame 强肋骨||web frame 深舱肋骨||deep tank frame

尖舱肋骨||peak frame 甲板间肋骨||tweendeck frame 斜肋骨||cant frame 中间肋骨||intermediate frame 舷侧纵骨||side longitudinal 舷侧纵桁||side stringer 护舷材||fender 甲板||deck 覆材甲板||sheathed deck 强力甲板||strength deck 舱壁甲板||bulkhead deck 车辆甲板||wagon deck, vehicle deck 载货甲板||cargo deck 舷伸甲板||sponson deck 升高甲板||raised deck 上层建筑甲板||superstructure deck 甲板板||deck plate 甲板边板||deck stringer 平台||platform 横梁||beam 强横梁||web beam 舱口端梁||hatch end beam 舱口悬臂梁||hatch side cantilever beam 甲板横桁||deck transverse 半梁||half beam 斜梁||cant beam 艉横梁||transom beam 梁肘板||beam knee 甲板纵桁||deck girder 舱口纵桁||hatch side girder 短纵桁||carling 甲板纵骨||deck longitudinal 管形支柱||tubular pillar, pipe stanchion 组合支柱||built ? up pillar 双向桁架||two ? direction truss 单向桁架||one ? direction truss 舱口||hatch, hatchway 货舱口||cargo hatch 应急舱口||escape hatch 舱口围板||hatch coaming 机舱棚||engine room casing 围井||trunk 围罩梯口||companion, companion way 挡浪板||breakwater

舱壁||bulkhead 横舱壁||transverse bulkhead 纵舱壁||longitudinal bulkhead 斜舱壁||sloping bulkhead 中纵舱壁||centerline bulkhead 平面舱壁||plane bulkhead 槽型舱壁||corrugated bulkhead 双板舱壁||double plate bulkhead 轻舱壁||partition bulkhead, screen bulkhead 甲板间舱壁||tweendeck bulkhead 防撞舱壁||collision bulkhead 艉尖舱舱壁||afterpeak bulkhead 深舱舱壁||deep tank bulkhead 水密舱壁||watertight bulkhead 非水密舱壁||non ? watertight bulkhead 油密舱壁||oiltight bulkhead 防火舱壁||fireproof bulkhead 制荡舱壁||swash bulkhead 制荡板||swash plate 局部舱壁||partial bulkhead 舱壁座||bulkhead stool 舱壁龛||bulkhead recess 舱壁板||bulkhead plate 舱壁骨架||bulkhead framing 舱壁扶强材||bulkhead stiffener 水平桁||horizontal girder 竖桁||vertical girder 轴隧||shaft tunnel 轴隧艉室||tunnel recess 推力轴承龛||thrust block niche 主机基座||main engine foundation 辅机基座||auxiliary seating 锅炉座||boiler foundation, boiler bearer 推力轴承座||thrust bearing seating 艏部结构||stem structure 艏柱||stem 艏封板||bow transom plate 强胸结构||panting arrangement 强胸横梁||panting beam 艉部结构||stern structure 艉封板||stern transom plate 艉柱||stern post 舵柱||rudder post 挂舵臂||rudder horn

推进器柱||propeller post 轴毂||propeller boss 艉柱底骨||sole piece 高肋板||deep floor 上层建筑||superstructure 艏楼||forecastle 桥楼||bridge 艉楼||poop 甲板室||deck house 围壁||trunk bulkhead 前端壁||front bulkhead 后端壁||aft bulkhead 炉舱棚||boiler room casing 檐板||curtain plate 天桥||connecting bridge 片体||demihull 连接桥||cross structure 抗扭箱||torsion box 船体强度||hull strength 总纵强度||longitudinal strength 坐坞强度||docking strength 扭转强度||torsional strength 横向强度||transverse strength 局部强度||local strength 船体板架强度||hull grillage strength 肋骨框架强度||frame ring strength 上层建筑强度||superstructure strength 波浪要素||wave parameters 冲击||impact 砰击||slamming 捶击||pounding 拍击||slapping 晃荡||sloshing 波浪冲击载荷||wave impact load 海损载荷||damaged load 计算状态||rated condition 计算载荷||design load 砰击载荷||slamming load 冰块挤压力||ice ? extruding force 船体强度标准||strength criteria of ship 计算水头||calculated water head 总纵弯曲||longitudinal bending 中拱||hogging 中垂||sagging

空船重量分布||light weight distribution 载重量分布||deadweight distribution 重量曲线||weight curve 浮力曲线||buoyancy curve 载荷曲线||load curve 静水剪力||still water shearing force 静水弯矩||still water bending moment 静波浪剪力||still wave shearing force 静波浪弯矩||still wave bending moment 静合成剪力||statical resultant shearing force 静合成弯矩||statical resultant bending moment 船体极限弯矩||ultimate bending moment of ship hull 动弯矩||dynamical bending moment 斜置修正||heading to oblique wave correction 波浪水动压力修正||Smith correction 船体等值梁||equivalent hull girder 计算剖面||rated section 纵向强力构件||longitudinal strength member 刚性构件||rigid member 柔性构件||flexible member 折减系数||reduction coefficient 船体中和轴||neutral axis of hull girder 舯剖面惯性矩||moment of inertia of midship section 甲板剖面模数||deck section modulus, top section modulus 船底剖面模数||bottom section modulus 总纵弯曲正应力||normal stress due to longitudinal bending moment 总纵弯曲剪应力||shearing stress due to longitudinal bending moment 船体水平弯曲强度||hull horizontal bending strength 船体挠度||hull deflection 船体刚度||hull stiffness 承载能力||load carrying capacity 波浪扭矩||wave torsional moment 货物扭矩||cargo torsional moment 横摇扭矩||rolling torsional moment 局部弯曲||local bending 应力集中||stress concentration 带板||band plate 计算图式||rated figure 船体结构稳定性||hull structural stability 船体概率强度||probabilistic strength of ship 船体应力测量||hull stress measurement 总纵强度试验||longitudinal strength test 局部强度试验||local strength test 扭转强度试验||torsional strength test

结构试验平台||structure testing platform 船体结构相似模型||hull structure similar model 船体振动||ship vibration 船体梁振动||hull girder vibration 总振动||global vibration 垂向弯曲振动||vertical flexural vibration 水平弯曲振动||horizontal flexural vibration 纵向振动||longitudinal vibration 局部振动||local vibration 船体扭转振动||hull torsional vibration 总体—局部耦合振动||coupled vibration between hull and local structures 船体振动性态||hull vibration behaviour 船体固有振动频率||hull natural frequency 船体振动阻尼||hull vibration damping 艉部振动||stern vibration 振动烈度||vibration severity 干扰力||exciting force 表面力||surface force 轴承力||bearing force 叶频||blade frequency 冲荡||whipping 波激振动||springing 振动允许界限||allowable limit of vibration 人体振动允许界限||allowable limit of vibration to human body 避振穴||cave for damping 自由航迹试验||free route test 船体振动对数衰减率||hull vibration logarithmic decrement 抛锚激振试验||anchor drop ? and snub test 激振试验||exciter test 激振机||vibration exciter 船舶振动测量||measurement of ship vibration 船舶噪声||ship noise 结构噪声||structure borne noise 机械噪声||mechanical noise 螺旋桨噪声||propeller noise 舾装设备||outfit of deck and accommodation 舵设备||rudder and steering gear 操舵装置||steering gear 主操舵装置||main steering gear 辅助操舵装置||auxiliary steering gear 应急操舵装置||emergency steering gear 舵||rudder 中舵||certerline rudder 边舵||quarter rudder

艏舵||bow rudder 平衡舵||balanced rudder 反应舵||reaction rudder 流线型舵||streamline rudder 舵轴舵||Simplex rudder 整流罩舵||bulb ? type rudder 平板舵||single plate rudder 主动舵||active rudder 制流板舵||swash plate rudder 襟翼舵||flap ? type rudder 差动舵||Jenckel rudder 反射舵||reversing rudder 不平衡舵||unbalanced rudder 并联舵||close ? coupled rudder 多叶舵||multi ? bladed rudder 悬挂舵||spade rudder, under hung rudder 半悬舵||partially under hung rudder, semi ? balanced rudder 双支承舵||double bearing rudder 多支承舵||multi ? pintle rudder 倒车舵||flanking rudder 应急舵||jury rudder 转柱舵||rotating cylinder rudder 贝克舵||Becker rudder, heary ? duty rudder 麦鲁舵||Mellor rudder 西林舵||Schilling rudder 舵压力||rudder pressure 舵压力中心||center of rudder pressure 舵杆扭矩||rudder torque 舵高||rudder height 舵宽||rudder breadth 舵面积||area of rudder 舵展弦比||aspect ratio of rudder 舵剖面||rudder section 舵剖面型值||offsets of rudder sections 舵面积比||rudder area ratio 舵平衡比||coefficient of balance of rudder 舵厚度比||rudder thickness ratio 舵角||rudder angle 初始舵角||initial set rudder angle 满舵舵角||hard ? over angle 临界舵角||stalling rudder angle 襟舵角||flap angle 舵叶||rudder blade, rudder plating 舵板||rudder plate

舵杆||rudder stock 舵臂||rudder arm 舵轴||rudder axle 舵承||rudder bearing 上舵承||rudder carrier 下舵承||neck bearing 舵钮||rudder gudgeon 舵柄||tiller 舵扇||quadrant 舵掣||rudder brake 舵构架||rudder frame 舵叶尾材||trailing edge bar 制流板||swash plate 舵头||rudder head 舵杆接头||rudder coupling 舵销||rudder pintle 操舵轮||steering wheel 舵杆挡圈||jumping collar 舵角限位器||rudder stop 人力操舵装置||manual steering gear 人力液压操舵装置||hand ? hydraulic steering gear 操舵台||steering stand 舵柄连杆||tiller tie ? bar 操舵链||steering chain 操舵索||steering wire 操舵拉杆||steering rod 舵链导轮||leading block 操舵轴||steering shaft 横舵柄||rudder yoke 关闭设备||hull closures 风雨密性||weathertightness 通孔尺寸||clear size of opening 透光尺寸||clear light size 左开式||left hand model 右开式||right hand model 非水密门||non ? watertight door 风雨密门||weather tight door 水密门||watertight door 防火门||fire door 舷墙门||gangway port 气密门||gas ? tight door 舷门||side port 双截门||double ? leaf door 脱险口||escape scuttle

舷窗||side scuttle 固定窗||non ? opening window 甲板窗||deck light 天窗||skylight 旋转视窗||clear ? view screen 舷窗盖||deadlight 导风罩||wind scooper 眉毛板||eye brow 货舱盖||cargo hatchcover, hatchcover 箱形舱口盖||pontoon hatchcover 波形舱口盖||corrugated hatchcover 折叠式舱口盖||folding hatchcover 滚动式舱口盖||rolling hatchcover 滚翻式舱口盖||single pull hatchcover 滚卷式舱口盖||roll stowing hatchcover 升降式舱口盖||lift hatch cover 侧移式舱口盖||side rolling hatch cover 伸缩型舱口盖||telescopic hatch cover 舱口活动横梁||portable hatch beam 封舱装置||hatch battening arrangment 防水盖布||tarpaulin 封舱压条||hatch batten 封舱锁条||locking bar 封舱楔||hatch wedge 封舱楔耳||batten cleat 挠性密封装置||flexible sealing arrangement 气胀密封垫||inflatable gasket 舱盖压紧装置||dogging device 舱盖启闭装置||hatchcover controlling gear 舱盖起升器||hatchcover jacking device 舱盖曳行装置||hatchcover driving device 滚装通道设备||Ro/Ro access equipment 出入舱口盖||aceess hatchcover 油舱盖||oil tank hatchcover 煤舱盖||coal hole cover 平衡舱盖||balanced hatchcover 速闭舱盖||quick ? closing hatchcover 人孔盖||manhole cover 手孔盖||handhole cover 艏门||bow door 艉门||stern port 跳板门||ramp door 折刀式门||jack ? knife door 平置式人孔盖||flush manhole cover

埋入式人孔盖||sunk manhole cover 起货设备||cargo lift equipment 吊杆装置||derrick rig 摆动吊杆装置||swinging derrick 双杆吊货装置||union purchase [system] 重型吊杆装置||heavy lift derrick 吊杆||derrick boom 舷外跨距||boom outreach 吊杆仰角||boom topping angle 吊杆偏角||slewing angle 悬高杆长比||suspension height ? boom length ratio 起重柱||derrick post 门型柱||goalpost V 型起重柱||V ? type derrick post 吊杆柱||king post 牵索柱||guy post 吊杆托架||derrick rest 吊货眼板||cargo purchase eye 牵索眼板||guy eye 吊杆叉头||derrick heel 吊杆座||gooseneck bracket 千斤座||topping bracket 起货索具||derrick rigging 千斤索具||span rigging, span tackle 吊货索具||cargo purchase rigging 牵索索具||guy tackle rigging 吊钩装置||cargo hook gear 吊货索||cargo runner, cargo fall 千斤索||span rope, topping lift 牵索||guy, slewing guy 稳索||preventer guy 三角眼板||triangular plate 吊钩梁||connecting traverse 吊杆举扬||boom topping 吊钩净高||headroom 吊杆安全工作负荷||safe working load, SWL 人字桅||bipod mast 轻型吊杆||light derrick boom 起重桅||derrick mast 山字钩||double hook 双杆操作钩||married hook 吊梁||lifting beam 系泊设备||mooring equipment 锚泊设备||anchoring equipment

系缆具||mooring fittings 锚具||ground tackle 舾装数||equipment number 锚||anchor 艏锚||bow anchor 艉锚||stern anchor 移船锚||kedge anchor 固定锚||mooring anchor 定位锚||positioning anchor 浮锚||floating anchor 锚杆||anchor pile, piled anchor 有杆锚||stock anchor 无杆锚||stockless anchor 大抓力锚||high holding power anchor 锚横杆||anchor stock 锚干||anchor shank 锚爪||anchor fluke 锚头||anchor head 锚卸扣||anchor shackle 锚爪折角||fluke angle 锚爪袭角||angle of attack 锚抓重比||ratio of holding power to weight, holding efficiency 锚啮入性||anchor penetration 锚抓力||anchor holding power 拖距||drag 坠落试验||drop test 锚索||anchor cable 锚缆||anchor hawser 锚链||anchor chain 链径||anchor chain diameter 链节||length of chain cable 无挡锚链||studless chain 有挡锚链||stud chain 锚链等级||grade of chain cable 锚端链节||swivel piece, outboard shot 末端链节||inboard end chain length 锚链脱钩||senhouse slip 锚链环||chain link 连接链环||lugless joining shackle, connecting link 加大链环||enlarged link 连接卸扣||joining shackle 转环卸扣||swivel shackle 末端卸扣||end shackle 锚链转环||swivel

双链转环||mooring swivel 掣链器||chain stopper 掣锚器||anchor stopper 掣链钩||devil ? s claw 弃链器||cable releaser 锚链筒||hawse pipe 锚链管||chain pipe 锚床||anchor bed 锚穴||anchor recess 锚唇||anchor mouth 锚架||anchor rack 吊锚杆||anchor davit 吊锚索具||cat tackle 导链滚轮||roller fairlead for chain cable; bucket roller 锚浮标||anchor buoy 带缆羊角||mooring cleat 导缆器||fairlead 导缆钳||chock 导向滚轮||pedestal roller 滚柱导缆器||fairlead with horizontal roller 滚轮导缆器||roller fairlead 导缆孔||mooring pipe 带缆桩||bollard 十字带缆桩||cross bitt 转柱带缆桩||rotating bollard 转动导缆孔||universal chock 掣索器||rope stopper 缆索卷车||rope storage reel 缆索||hawser 系缆索||mooring line 拖缆||towing line, towrope 撇缆||throw overboard line 纤维索||fiber rope 马拿马运河导缆孔||Panama chock 圣劳伦斯航道导缆器||Saint Lawrence fairlead 推拖设备||push and towing arrangement 推架式系结||towknee type linkage 推架||towknee 无缆系结装置||ropeless linkage 主缆||main push ? towing rope 操纵缆||push ? towing steering rope 拖缆承架||towing beam 拖缆限位器||stop posts for towline 拖钩||towing hook

拖钩台||towing hook platform 拖桩||towing post 拖曳弓架||towing arch 拖缆孔||towing chock bullnose 承推架||pushed beam 拖曳滑车||towing block 救生设备||life ? saving appliance 救生艇||lifeboat 开敞式救生艇||open lifeboat 部分封闭救生艇||partially enclosed lifeboat 全封闭救生艇||totally enclosed lifeboat 耐火救生艇||fire ? resistant lifeboat 自供空气救生艇||lifeboat with self ? contained air support system 划桨救生艇||oar ? propelled lifeboat 抛落式救生艇||free fall lifeboat 机动救生艇||motor lifeboat 自行扶正||self ? righting 救生艇乘员定额||carrying capacity of lifeboat 空气箱||watertight aircase 艇吊钩||lifting hook 联动脱钩装置||simultaneous disengaging gear 舭部扶手||underside handholds 舷沿救生索||buoyant lifeline 艇滑架||lifeboat skate 救助艇||rescue boat 降落装置||launching appliance 吊艇装置||boat handing gear 吊艇架||boat davit 重力式吊艇架||gravity ? type davit 转出式吊艇架||radial davit 艇座||boat chock 固艇索具||boat rope 吊艇索||boat fall 横张索||davit span 放艇安全索||life rope 吊艇架额定负荷||loading capacity of boat davit 吊艇架跨距||outreach of boat davit 安全降落速度||safety falling velocity 救生筏||liferaft 刚性救生筏||rigid liferaft 气胀救生筏||inflatable liferaft 吊放式救生筏||davit launched type liferaft 可翻转救生筏||reversible liferaft 吊筏架||raft davit

救生登乘梯||embarkation ladder 登艇梯||boarding ladder 救生服||immersion suit 救生衣||lifejacket 救生圈||lifebuoy 救生衣灯||lifejacket light 救生索||life line 救生圈自发烟雾信号||lifebuoy self ? activating smoke signal 救生属具||life ? saving appliance 救生抛绳设备||life line throwing appliance 手持火焰信号||hand flare 漂浮烟雾信号||bouyant smoke signal 火箭降落伞火焰信号||rocket parachute flare signal 气胀式设备||inflatable appliance 保温用具||thermal protective aid 静水压力释放器||hydrostatic release unit 救生浮||life float 救生凳||life bench 自亮浮灯||self ? igniting buoy light 施救浮索||buoyant rescue quoit 航行信号设备||navigation signal equipment 桅设备||mast and rigging 声光信号设备||audible and visible signal equipment 桅||mast 信号桅||signal mast 了望桅||observation mast 雷达桅||radar mast 支索桅||stayed mast 三脚桅||tripod mast 桁架桅||cage mast, lattice mast 可倒桅||collapsible mast 可伸缩桅||telescope mast 前桅||fore mast 后桅||after mast 桅柱||lower mast 桅肩||outrigger 桅横杆||yard 顶桅||top mast 桅冠||truck 了望台||crow ? s nest 桅索具||mast rigging 雷达平台||radar platform 号型||shape 号旗||signal flag, code flag

号钟||bell 锚球||anchor ball 信号烟火||pyrotechnic signal 信号烟雾||smoke signal 音响火箭||sounding rocket 音响榴弹||sound signal shell 音响信号器具||sound signal instrument 舱面属具||deck equipment and fittings 直梯||vertical ladder 斜梯||inclined ladder 甲板梯||deck ladder 舷梯||accommodation ladder 舷桥||wharf ladder 软梯||rope ladder 引航员升降装置||pilot hoist 引航员软梯||pilot ladder 舷墙梯||bulwark ladder 吃水梯||draught ladder 踏步||foot steps 天幕||awning 天幕帘||awning curtains 围帘||weather screen 天幕索||awning rope 栏杆||railing 风暴扶手||storm rails 安全索||life line 系索羊角||cleat 索节||socket 活动梯步||feathering tread 套环||thimble 碰垫||fender 堵漏用具||flood protection materials 舱室设备||accommodation equipment 住舱单元||cabin unit 船用家具||marine furniture 海图桌||chart table 柜床||bed with drawers 救生衣柜||lifejacket chest 旗箱||flag chest 引航员椅||pilot chair 舱室属具||cabin outfit 舱室五金||cabin hardware 风暴钩||storm hook 船用厨房设备||marine galley equipment

船用炉灶||marine range 滴油灶||dripping oil range 汽化油灶||vaporizing oil range 厨房污物粉碎机||galley filth disposer 船用卫生设备||marine sanitary fixtures 卫生单元||sanitary unit 遮光窗帘||shade curtain 安全路标||alley way label for safety 舱室铭牌||cabin nameplate 船舶动力装置||marine power plant 内燃机动力装置||internal combustion engine power plant 柴油机动力装置||diesel engine power plant 汽油机动力装置||gasoline engine power plant 蒸汽动力装置||steam power plant 蒸汽机动力装置||steam engine power plant 汽轮机动力装置||steam turbine power plant 燃气轮机动力装置||gas turbine power plant 煤气机动力装置||gas engine power plant 热气机动力装置||stirling engine power plant 自由活塞燃气轮机装置||free piston gas turbine plant 联合动力装置||combined power plant 蒸—燃联合动力装置||combined steam and gas turbine power plant 柴—燃联合动力装置||combined diesel and gas turbine power plant 全燃联合动力装置||combined gas turbine and gas turbine power plant 核动力装置||nuclear power plant 电力推进||electric propulsion 喷水推进||waterjet propulsion Z 型推进||Z ? peller propulsion 舷外挂机推进||outboard engine propulsion 舷内机舷外推进||outboard propulsion with inboard engine 风帆助航推进||propulsion with sail assistance 侧向推力装置||side thrust device 推进装置||propelling plant 主机||main engine 动力装置操纵性||power plant maneuverability 动力装置机动性||power plant responsibility 动力装置热效率||power plant thermal efficiency 动力装置可靠性||power plant service reliability 动力装置经济性||power plant economy 动力装置生命力||power plant viability 动力装置耗热率||power plant heat rate 动力装置单位重量||power plant specific mass 动力装置相对重量||power plant relative mass 机舱单位长度功率数||power refer to engine room unit length

机舱单位容积功率数||power refer to engine room unit volume 左转机组||left ? hand revolving engine unit 右转机组||right ? hand revolving engine unit 排水航行机组||hull ? borne engine unit 应急航行机组||take ? home engine unit 艉机型布置||after engine arrangement 机舱集控台||centralized control console of engine room 开式炉舱通风||open stokehold draft 机舱辅机组||engine ? room auxiliary machine set 组装式辅机组||packaged auxiliary unit 动力系统||power system 机舱热油加热系统||thermal fluid system 柴油机直接传动||diesel engine direct drive 柴油机齿轮传动||diesel engine geared drive 多机共轴齿轮传动||multi ? engines geared drive 起动空气系统||starting air system 冷却水系统||cooling water system 开式冷却水系统||open cooling water system 闭式冷却水系统||closed cooling water system 集中冷却水系统||central cooling water system 舷外冷却||outboard cooling 燃油系统||fuel oil system 燃油驳运系统||fuel oil transfer system 燃油净化系统||fuel oil purifying system 燃油泄放系统||fuel oil drain system 滑油系统||lubricating oil system 压力式滑油系统||forced lubricating oil system 重力式滑油系统||gravity lubricating oil system 压力—重力式滑油系统||gravity forced ? feed oiling system 滑油净化系统||lubricating oil purifying system 滑油泄放系统||lubricating oil drain system 滑油间歇净化||lubricating oil batch purification 滑油连续净化||lubricating oil by pass purification 曲柄箱透气管路||crankcase vent pipe 回热循环汽轮机装置||regenerative steam turbine plant 再热循环汽轮机装置||reheat steam turbine plant 主汽轮机组||main steam turbine set 辅汽轮机组||auxiliary steam turbine set 热线图||heat balance diagram 热平衡计算||heat balance calculation 多级预热给水||multi ? stages feed heating 辅机排汽预热给水||auxiliary turbine exhaust steam feed heating 主蒸汽系统||main steam system 辅蒸汽系统||auxiliary steam system

排汽系统||exhaust steam system 暖机蒸汽系统||engine warming steam system 撤汽系统||bleed steam system 汽封系统||turbine steam seal system 给水处理||feed water treatment 循环水系统||circulating water system 自流式循环水系统||scoop circulating water system 锅炉燃油系统||boiler fuel oil system 凝水—给水系统||condensate ? feed water system 闭式给水系统||closed feed water system 半闭式给水系统||semi ? closed feed water system 开式给水系统||open feed system 抽气真空泵组||vacuum pump air removal system 凝水再循环系统||condensate recirculating system 主给水系统||main feed system 辅给水系统||auxiliary feed system 锅炉排污系统||boiler blow ? out system 泄水系统||drainage system 低压蒸汽发生器||low pressure steam generator 给水软化装置||water ? softening plant 主燃气轮机组||main gas turbine set 辅燃气轮机组||auxiliary gas turbine set 燃气稳压箱||gas collector 起动装置||starting device 进气装置||air inlet unit 排气装置||exhaust unit 清洗装置||washing equipment 脱轴试验||shaft disengaged test 锁轴试验||shaft locked test 拖轴试验||shaft trailed test 制动装置试验||brake test 热平衡试验||heat balance test 多机并车试验||parallel running test 充气试验||air charging test 离合器试验||clutch test 燃料消耗试验||feul consumption test 柴油—重油切换试验||diesel oil and heavy oil automatic selecting test 轴系扭振测量||shafting torsional vibration test 运转试验||running trial 减机运转试验||engine cut off test 减轴运转试验||shaft cut off test 燃油柜||fuel oil tank 燃油沉淀柜||fuel oil settling tank 柴油沉淀柜||diesel oil settling tank

燃油日用柜||fuel oil daily tank 柴油日用柜||diesel oil daily tank 锅炉日用油柜||boiler fuel oil daily tank 回油柜||fuel oil leakage tank 重力油柜||gravity oil tank 滑油贮存柜||lubricating oil storage tank 滑油沉淀柜||lubricating oil settling tank 净化滑油柜||purified lubricating oil tank 滑油循环柜||lubricating oil sump tank 滑油泄放柜||lubricating oil drain tank 滑油油渣柜||lubricating oil sludge tank 艉管滑油重力柜||stern tube lubricating oil gravity tank 艉管滑油循环柜||stern tube lubricating oil sump tank 艉管前密封滑油柜||forward stern tube sealing oil tank 气缸油计量柜||cylinder oil measuring tank 气缸油贮存柜||cylinder oil storage tank 液压油柜||hydro oil storage tank 液压油循环柜||hydro oil sump tank 膨胀水箱||fresh water expansion tank 热井||cascade tank 淡水压力柜||fresh water hydrophore tank 海水压力柜||sea water hydrophore tank 热水柜||hot water tank 船用柴油机||marine diesel engine 主柴油机||main diesel engine 双燃料发动机||dual ? fuel engine 可逆转柴油机||direct ? reversing diesel engine 增压柴油机||supercharged diesel engine 最大持续功率||maximum continuous rating, MCR 持续常用功率||continuous service rating, CSR 制动转速||braked speed 滑油消耗率||specific lubricating oil consumption 空气消耗率||specific air consumption 持续功率稳定性试验||steadiness test at maximum continous rating 换向时间||reversing time 敲缸||knock 涡轮增压器||turbocharger 起动空气分配器||starting air distributor 扭振减振器||torsional vibration damper 中间空气冷却器||inter cooler 曲轴箱油雾探测器||crankcase oil mist detector 船用汽轮机||marine steam turbine 主汽轮机||main steam turbine 单缸直通式汽轮机||single ? cylinder and single ? flow steam turbine

正车部分||ahead parts 倒车部分||astern parts 低速级组||slow ? speed stages 全速级组||full ? speed stages 全电调节||electrical governing 旁通调节||by ? pass governing 主蒸汽压力||main steam pressure 主蒸汽温度||main steam temperature 滑参数起动||sliding pressure starting 惰走曲线||idle curve 主汽轮机齿轮机组轴端功率||shaft power of main steam turbine ? geared units 临时停车||temporary ? term stop 长期停车||long ? term stop 速关阀||main stop valve 倒车阀||astern valve 旁通阀||by ? pass valve 倒车汽缸||astern casing 正车喷嘴||ahead nozzle 倒车喷嘴||astern nozzle 正车动叶||ahead moving blade 倒车动叶||astern moving blade 倒车油动机||astern servomotor 正车油动机||ahead servomotor 汽轮机单缸运行装置||single ? casing running device of steam turbine 配汽机构||steam distribution device 空负荷试验||no load test 汽轮机超速试验||overspeed test of steam turbine 带负荷试验||load test 暖机起动试验||warming ? up and starting test 最低起动压力试验||minimum starting pressure test 快速升负荷试验||quick power increasing test 冷态应急起动试验||emergency cold starting test 快速换向试验||quick reversing test 热态应急起动试验||emergency in hot condition test 船用燃气轮机||marine gas tubine 主燃气轮机||main gas turbine 全工况燃气轮机||main propulsion gas turbine 倒车燃气轮机||astern gas turbine 倒顺车燃气轮机||reversing gas turbine 固定式辅燃气轮机||stationary auxiliary gas turbine 移动式辅燃气轮机||mobile auxiliary gas turbine 间冷回热燃气轮机||intercooled regenerative cycle gas turbine 最大连续工况||maximum continuous condition 最大间断工况||condition of peak power

最低稳定运行工况||minimum self sustaining condition 减功系数||work ? done factor 节点温差||pinch ? point temperature difference 燃气轮机箱装体||gas turbine module 防冰系统||anti ? icing system 防喘系统||surge ? preventing system 清洗系统||cleaning system 放气系统||blow ? off system 超扭保护装置||overtorque protection device 进排气消声装置||inlet and exhaust silencing equipment 耐久性试验||continuous service test 加速性能试验||acceleration test 喷盐雾试验||salt fog test 清洗试验||washing test 倒车功率||astern rating 功率换算||power conversion 功率转速匹配图||power ? speed matching diagram 转速禁区||barred ? speed range 冷态起动||cold starting 热态起动||hot starting 暖机起动||warm starting 冷态应急起动||emergency cold starting 起动压力||starting pressure 正车工况||ahead condition 倒车工况||astern condition 长期倒车工况||long ? term astern condition 全速倒车工况||full speed astern condition 操纵机构||maneuvering gear 换向机构||reversing gear 紧急停车装置||emergeney shut ? down device 自动停车装置||automatic shut ? down device 盘车机构||turning gear 盘车联锁装置||turning gear interlocking device 超速保护装置||overspeed protection device 安全装置试验||safety feature test 轴系||shafting 单轴系||single shafting 双轴系||twin shafting 多轴系||multiple shafting 内斜轴系||converging shafting 外斜轴系||diverging shafting 中轴系||center shafting 侧轴系||wing shafting, side shafting V 型传动||V ? drive

Z 型传动||Z ? drive L 型传动||L ? drive 中间轴||intermediate shaft 中间轴轴承||intermediate shaft bearing, plumer block 轴法兰||shaft flange 推力轴||thrust shaft 螺旋桨轴||screw shaft, propeller shaft, tube shaft, stern shaft 调整轴||shaft for adjustment 推力轴轴承||thrust bearing, thrust block 轴包覆||shaft lining 轴套||shaft liner 艉管||stern tube 艉管填料函||stern ? tube stuffing box 隔舱填料函||bulkhead stuffing box 艉管密封装置||stern shaft sealing 轴系制动器||shafting brake, shaft ? locking device 轴系接地装置||shafting ? grounding device, shafting ? earthing device 分出功率输出装置||power take ? off, PTO 轴系临界转速||critical speed of shafting 轴系共振||resonant vibration of shafting 轴系固有频率||natural frequency of shafting 轴系扭转振动||torsional vibration of shafting 轴系纵向振动||axial vibration of shafting, longitudinal vibration of shafting 轴系回旋振动||whirling vibration of shafting 轴承跨距||bearing span 刚性轴系||stiff shafting 挠性轴系||flexible shafting 轴系效率||transmission efficiency of shafting 轴系传动装置||transmisson gear of shafting 轴系传动装置效率||transmission gear efficiency of shafting 轴系首尾基准点||fore ? aft datum marks of shafting 轴系校中||shafting alignment 轴系直线校中||straight alignment of shafting 轴系负荷校中||load alignment of shafting 顶举系数||jack ? up factor 螺旋桨无键连接||keyless propeller 螺旋桨推入量||propeller pull ? up distance 螺旋桨推入力||propeller fitting force, propeller pull ? up force 推入量起始点||pull ? up start point 接触压力||pressure of contact surface 船舶辅机||marine auxiliary machinery 机舱辅机||engine ? room auxiliary machinery 辅汽轮机||auxiliary steam turbine 辅柴油机||auxiliary diesel engine

辅燃气轮机||auxiliary gas turbine 移动式辅燃气轮机组||mobile auxiliary gas turbine unit 船用泵||marine pump 船用风机||marine ? type fan 船用压缩机||marine compressor 船舶制冷装置||marine refrigerating plant 船用离心分离机||marine centrifugal separator 海水淡化装置||sea water desalting plant 热交换器||heat exchanger 船用液压气动元件||marine hydropneumatic components and units 船用生活污水处理装置||marine sewage treatment system 船用气瓶||marine air bottle 惰性气体系统||inert gas system 船舶油污染防治设备||oily bilge separator 船舶消防装置||marine fire fighting system 备用泵||stand by pump 艏尖舱泵||forepeak pump 减摇泵||anti ? roll pump 纵倾平衡泵||trimming pump 横倾平衡泵||list pump 舱底泵||bilge pump 压载泵||ballast pump 舱底压载泵||bilge and ballast pump 舱底压载总用泵||bilge and ballast general service pump 专用清洁压载泵||clean ballast pump 扫舱泵||stripping pump 总用泵||general service pump 消防泵||fire pump 应急消防泵||emergency fire pump 消防总用泵||fire and general service pump 疏水泵||drainage pump 卫生泵||sanitary pump 饮用水泵||drinking water pump 日用淡水泵||daily service fresh water pump 海水泵||sea water pump 粪便泵||sewage pump 污水泵||sewage water pump 热水循环泵||hot water circulating pump 泡沫原液泵||concentrate pump 泡沫液循环泵||concentrate circulating pump 救助泵||salvage pump 货油泵||cargo oil pump 锅炉给水泵||boiler feed pump 起动用给水泵||cold start feed water pump

汽轮给水泵||turbine driven feed pump 锅炉水强制循环泵||boiler water forced circulating pump 轻柴油输送泵||light diesel oil transfer pump 燃油供给泵||fuel oil supply pump 燃油增压泵||fuel oil booster pump 锅炉燃油泵||fuel oil burning pump 日用燃油泵||daily service fuel oil pump 重柴油输送泵||heavy diesel oil transfer pump 燃料油输送泵||fuel oil transfer pump 循环水泵||circulating pump 凝水泵||condensate pump 冷却水泵||cooling water pump 滑油泵||lubricating oil pump 滑油输送泵||lubricating oil transfer pump 艉管滑油泵||stern tube lubricating oil pump 艉管油封用油泵||forward stern tube sealing oil pump 气缸油泵||cylinder oil service pump 蒸馏水泵||distillate pump 舱室通风机||cabin fan 机舱通风机||engine room fan 泵舱防爆通风机||pump room explosionproof fan 垫升风机||lift fan 推进风机||propulsive fan 可移式风机||portable fan 船用防爆风机||marine explosion ? proof fan 惰性气体鼓风机||inert gas blower 初始空气压缩机||initial starting air compressor 无油润滑空[气]压[缩]机||oil free air compressor 自由活塞空[气]压[缩]机||free piston air compressor 氢气压缩机||hydrogen compressor 二氧化碳压缩机||carbonic acid gas compressor 船用活塞式制冷压缩机组||marine piston type refrigeration compressor unit 船用活塞式压缩冷凝机组||marine piston type condensing unit 船用离心式制冷压缩机组||marine centrifugal type refrigeration compressor unit 船用离心式冷水机组||marine centrifugal type chiller 船用螺杆式制冷压缩机组||marine screw type refrigeration compressor unit 船用螺杆式压缩冷凝机组||marine screw type condensing unit 船用螺杆式冷水机组||marine screw type chiller 船用溴化锂吸收式制冷机||marine lithiumbromide absorption refrigerating machine 船舶制冷用冷凝器||marine condenser for refrigeration 船用活塞式冷水机组||marine piston type chiller 船用热电制冷器||marine thermoelectric refrigerating unit 船用油分离机||marine oil separator 碟式油分离机||disc oil separator

分油工况||oil separate working condition 赶油工况||turn on the water working condition 油水分界面||oil ? water demarcation face 重力环||gravity disc 反渗透海水淡化装置||reverse osmosis desalination device 海水蒸馏装置||sea water distillation plant 电热压气式蒸馏装置||electrical vapor compressing distillation plant 闪发式蒸馏装置||flash distillation plant 射水抽气器||air ejector 射水抽水器||water ejector 闪发室||flash chamber 盐水空气抽除器||combined air brine ejector 蒸汽淡水引射器||mixing water and steam injector 饮用水矿化器||mineralizing equipment of drinking water 淡水冷却器||fresh water cooler 滑油冷却器||lubricating oil cooler 空气冷却器||air cooler 淡水加热器||fresh water heater 空气加热器||air heater 锅炉燃油加热器||boiler fuel oil heater 滑油加热器||lubricating oil heater 给水加热器||feed water heater 混合式水加热器||vapor and water mixing heater 真空冷凝器||vacuum condenser 空气抽除装置||air exhauster 大气冷凝器||atmosphere condenser 扁管冷却器||oblate tube cooler 针管热交换器||pin tube heat exchanger 热管热交换器||heat pipe exchanger 板式热交换器||plate heat exchanger 船用手动比例流量方向复合阀||manual operated marine proportional control valves 船用电磁比例流量阀||electromagnetic marine proportional control valves 船用液压平衡阀||marine hydraulic control balance valves 船用电液伺服阀||marine electro hydraulic servo valves 船用液压泵站||marine hydraulic power unit 船用移动式滤油装置||marine hydraulic fluid filtration unit 船用液压油净化装置||marine hydraulic fluid purifier 生活污水粉碎消毒设备||sewage macerator chlorintor system 生活污水储存柜||sewage holding tank 重力式收集||gravity collection 真空式收集||vacuum collection 污物粉碎泵||sewage cutting pump 污泥柜||sludge tank 转驳柜||transfer tank

低压空气瓶||low pressure air bottle 中压空气瓶||medium pressure air bottle 高压空气瓶||high pressure air bottle 主空气瓶||main air bottle 辅空气瓶||auxiliary air bottle 稳压空气瓶||air bottle with steady pressure 消防气瓶||firefighting bottle 救生气瓶||air bottle for life saving 打捞救助气瓶||air bottle for salvage 船用固体废物粉碎机||marine solid waste shredder 船用厨房垃圾粉碎机||marine kitchens waste shredder disposal 船用焚烧炉||marine incinerator 船用废油焚烧炉||marine waste oil incinerator 船用焚烧炉锅炉组合装置||marine incinerator boiler composite plant 船用多功能焚烧炉||marine multifunctional incinerator 惰性状态||inert condition 惰性化||inerting 驱气||gas ? freeing 惰性冲洗||purging 惰性增压||topping ? up 惰性气体发生装置||inert gas generator 甲板水封||deck water seal 充液式压力真空安全装置||liquid ? filled pressure vacuum breaker 惰性气体分配系统||inert gas distribution system 惰性气体洗涤塔||inert gas scrubber 船舶舱室空调器||ship cabin air conditioner 螺旋风管||spiral duct 防火风门||fire damper 气密挡板||gas tight damper 通风水密闸阀||watertight sluice valve for ship ventilation 油污水分离装置||oily water separator 排油监控系统||oil discharge monitoring system 浮油回收装置||oil spill skimmer 油水界面探测器||oil ? water interface detector 船用油分浓度计||marine oil content meter 15ppm 报警器||15ppm alarm 灭火剂控制装置||extinguishant control unit 轻水泡沫||aqueous film forming foam, AFFF 泡沫浓缩液||foam concentrate liquid 雨淋阀装置||deluge valve installation 湿式阀装置||wet alarm valve installation 干湿两用阀装置||wet and dry pipe valve installation 预作用装置||preaction valve installation 中速雾喷头||medium velocity watersprayer

高速喷头||high velocity projector 二氧化碳灭火系统||CO ? 2 extinguishment system 火星熄灭器||spark arrester 船用阀门||marine valves 通海阀[箱]||sea suction valve 低位通海阀||low sea suction valve 高位通海阀||high sea suction valve 舷侧阀||ship side valve 舷外排出阀||overboard discharge valve 防浪阀||storm valve 舱底水吸入止回阀||bilge suction non ? return valve 应急舱底水吸入阀||emergency bilge suction valve 舱壁阀||bulkhead valve 呼吸阀||breather valve 锅炉舷外排污阀||overboard blow off valve for boiler 货油阀||cargo oil valve 国际通岸接头||international shore connection 生活污水标准排放接头||sewage standard discharge connection 残油类标准排放接头||residual oil standard discharge connection 甲板通岸接头||shore connection 通舱管件||pipe penetration piece 海水滤器||sea water filter 淡水滤器||fresh water filter 泥箱||mud box 气笛||air horn 蒸汽警笛||steam whistle 测深尺||sounding rod 漏水口||scupper 油水分离设备||oily ? water separating equipment 滤油设备||oil filtering equipment 接收设备||reception facilities 标准排放接头||standard discharge connection 起锚机||windlass 起锚绞盘||anchor capstan 绞缆绞车||warping winch 非自动系泊绞车||non automatic mooring winch 自动系泊绞车||automatic mooring winch 起锚系泊组合机||combined windlass/mooring winch 舵机||steering gear 绞车||winch 排绳装置||rope guide 绞盘||capstan 绞缆筒||warping end 驱绳绞车||fibre rope handling gear

锚链轮||cable lifter 动臂起重机||jib crane 回转绞车||slewing winch 起货绞车||cargo winch 变幅绞车||span winch 顶索绞车||topping winch 舱口盖绞车||hatch cover winch 拖缆绞车||towing winch 拖缆系缆绞车||towing bridle winch 起艇绞车||boat winch 舷梯绞车||accommodation ladder winch 卷筒||drum 双节卷筒||split drum 船舶电气设备||marine electrical equipment 船舶电气装置||marine electrical installation 合格防爆电气设备||certified safe type apparatus, certified safe type equipment 隔爆型电气设备||flameproof equipment, explosionproof equipment 本质安全型电气设备||intrinsically safe equipment 正压型电气设备||pressurized equipment 增安型电气设备||increased safety equipment 安全电压||safety voltage 地||earth, ground 接地||earthing, grounding 跨接||bond A 类机器处所||machinery space of category A 危险区域||hazardous areas 0 类危险区域||hazardous zone 0 1 类危险区域||hazardous zone 1 2 类危险区域||hazardous zone 2 非危险区域||non ? hazardous areas 船体回路系统||hull ? return system 一次配电系统||primary distribution system 二次配电系统||secondary distribution system 直流双线绝缘系统||D.C.two ? wire insulated system 直流双线负极接地系统||negative earthed D.C.two ? wire system 利用船体作负极回路的直流单线系统||negative hull ? return D.C.single ? wire system 交流单相双线绝缘系统||A.C.single ? phase two ? wire insulated system 交流三相三线绝缘系统||A.C.three ? phase three ? wire insulated system 交流三相中性点接地的四线系统||A.C.three ? phase four ? wire system with neutral earthed 中性点经高阻接地的交流三相三线系统||A.C.three ? phase three ? wire system with high ? resistance earthed neutral 中性点经低阻接地的交流三相三线系统||A.C.three ? phase three ? wire system with low ? resistance earthed neutral 中性点直接接地的交流三相三线系统||A.C.three ? phase three ? wire system with directly

earthed neutral 需用系数||demand factor, diversity factor 最后分路||final subcircuit 双路供电||duplicate supply, two circuit feeding 船用电力电缆||shipboard power cable 船用通信电缆||shipboard telecommunication cable 船用对绞式电话电缆||shipboard pair ? twisted telephone cable 船用射频电缆||shipboard radio ? frequency cable 船用同轴电缆||shipboard coaxial cable 实芯绝缘电缆||solid dielectric cable 空气绝缘电缆||air spaced cable 成束电缆||bunched cables 成束阻燃电缆||bunched flame retardant cable 耐火电缆||fire resisting cable 船用少烟低毒电缆||shipboard low smoke toxic ? free cable 屏蔽电缆||shielding cable 深水密封电缆||submersible watertight cable 岸电电缆||shore connection cable 电缆电流定额||current rating for cable 电缆额定电压||rated voltage for cable 船舶电站||marine electrical power plant 主电源||main source of electrical power 主电站||main electrical powor plant 应急电源||emergency source of electrical power 应急电站||emergency electrical power plant 临时应急电源||temporary emergency source of electrical power 主发电机组||main generating set 备用发电机组||stand ? by generating set 停泊发电机组||habor generating set 交流无刷发电机||A.C. brushless synchronous generator 轴带发电机||shaft generator 船用变压器||marine transformer 船用蓄电池组||marine accumulator batteries, marine storage batteries 主配电板||main switchboard 应急配电板||emergency switchboard 区配电板||section board, distribution panel 分配电箱||distribution board, panelboard 发电机屏||generator control panel 配电屏||feeder panel 并车屏||paralleling panel 组合起动屏||group starter panel 岸电箱||shore connection box 相序指示器||phase sequence indicator 充放电板||battery charging and discharging panel

电工试验板||test panel 后备断路器||back ? up breaker 分级卸载||load shedding 选择性保护||discriminative protection 推进电机||propulsion electric machine 柴油机电力推进装置||diesel ? electric propulsion plant 汽轮机电力推进装置||steam turbine electric propulsion plant 燃气轮机电力推进装置||gas turbine electric propulsion plant 核动力电力推进装置||nuclear power electric propulsion plant 直流电力推进装置||D.C.electric propulsion plant 交流电力推进装置||A.C.electric propulsion plant 主动舵电力推进装置||active rudder electric propulsion plant 磁流体动力推进装置||magnetohydrodynamic propulsion plant 电力拖动装置||electric drive system 发电机电动机系统||generator ? motor system, Ward ? Leonard system 操舵装置动力设备||steering gear power unit 操舵装置控制系统||steering gear control system 电动操舵装置||electric steering gear 电动液压操舵装置||electro ? hydraulic steering gear 电动主机传令装置||electric engine telegraph 灯光主机传令装置||signal light engine telegraph 电动应急主机传令装置||electric emergency engine telegraph 主机传令记录器||engine telegraph logger 主机传令复示器||engine telegraph repeater 舵角指示器||electric rudder angle indicator 舵角发送器||rudder angle indicator transmitter 舵角接收器||rudder angle indicator receiver 艉轴转速指示器||electric propeller shaft revolution indicator 艉轴转速发送器||electric propeller shaft revolution indicator transmitter 艉轴转速表||electric propeller shaft revolution indicator receiver 声力电话机||sound powered telephone 共电式电话机||common battery telephone 指挥电话机||command telephone 船用广播设备||marine public address system 声响信号器||acoustic signalling system 机电式报警器||electromechanical alarm 电子报警器||electronic alarm 声光报警器||audible and visual alarm 全船报警装置||general alarm 主辅机自动报警装置||automatic alarm for main engine and auxiliary engine 警钟||electric gong 带信号灯警钟||gong with a pilot lamp 电笛||motor siren 操舵装置报警器||steering gear alarm

失压报警器||no ? volt alarm 误操作报警器||wrong operation alarm 船用火灾自动报警装置||marine automatic fire alarm system 手动火灾报警装置||manual fire alarm system 火灾报警探测器||detector for fire alarm system 感烟[式]火灾探测器||smoke fire detector 感温[式]火灾探测器||heat fire detector, thermal detector 气体报警装置||gas warning system 篷顶灯||ceiling light 隔爆篷顶灯||flame ? proof ceiling light, explosion ? proof ceiling light 增安荧光篷顶灯||increased safety type fluorescent ceiling light 舱顶灯||pendant light 海图灯||chart table light 水下作业灯||submerged lamp 诱鱼灯||fish attraction light 货舱工作灯||cargo light, cargo lamp 货舱防尘工作灯||totally enclosed portable type cargo light, special type cargo light 空气驱动灯||air operating electric light 应急灯||emergency light 号灯||ship ? s light 航行灯||navigation light, running light 危险货船标志灯||flashing light for vessel carrying dangerous cargo 大船标志灯||flashing light for huge vessel 操舵目标灯||steering light 渔业灯||fishing light 汉堡海关灯||Hamburg customs light 圣劳伦斯运河信号灯||St.Lawrence sea way signal light 苏伊士运河信号灯||Suez canal signalling light 苏伊士运河探照灯||Suez canal searchlight 巴拿马运河信号灯||Panama canal signalling light 桅灯||mast [head] light, range light 舷灯||side light 舷门灯||gangway light 艉灯||stern light 拖带灯||towing light 环照灯||all ? round light 操纵信号灯||maneuvering light 号笛信号灯||signalling light for air horn 避碰灯||anti ? collision light 舢板信号灯||sampan signalling light 信号探照灯||signalling searchlight 直升机甲板指示灯||helicopter deck indicating light 水平指示灯||horizon indicating lamp 风向灯||illuminated windsock

直升机甲板照明灯||helicopter deck surface flood light 锚灯||anchor light 白昼信号灯||daylight signalling light 失控灯||not ? under ? command light 吃水限制灯||deep draught vessel light 操纵限制灯||restricted maneuver light 莫氏信号灯||Morse signal light 登艇灯||boat deck light, boat embarkation light 船用电灶||marine electric range 航行灯控制器||navigation light indicator, running light indicator 号笛控制装置||whistle and siren control system 电气吃水表||electric draft gauge 气体浓度测量仪||gas concentration measurement instrument 船舶控制中心||ship control center 驾驶室遥控||bridge remote control 人工越控装置||manual override system 控制站||control position, control station 集中控制||centralized control 故障安全||fail ? to ? safety 无人[值班]机舱||unattended machinery space 机舱自动化||engine room automation 轮机员报警装置||engineer ? s alarm system 值班报警装置||watch alarm 报警系统||alarm system 安全系统||safety system 控制系统||control system 巡回检测装置||data logger 船舶电站自动控制装置||automatic control system for marine electric power plant 发电机组自动并车装置||automatic parallel operation system for generating set 发电机组自动调频调载装置||automatic frequency and load adjustment system for generating set 电动辅机自动起动装置||automatic starting installation for electrical motor driven auxiliaries 无功功率自动分配||automatic share of reactive power 微处理机自动化电站||automatic power plant with microprocessor 可调螺距螺旋桨负荷控制||load control of controllable pitch propeller 可调螺距螺旋桨遥控系统||remote control system for controllable pitch propeller 可调螺距螺旋桨螺距控制||pitch control for controllable pitch propeller 可调螺距螺旋桨—主机联合控制系统||combined control system for engine and controllable pitch propeller 导航||navigation 船舶导航||marine navigation 航位推算法||dead reckoning 导航设备||navigational aid 地理纬度||geographic latitude 地心纬度||geocentric latitude

大地水准面||geoid 地理垂线||geographic vertical 子午线||meridian 大圆||great circle 本初子午线||prime meridian 时子午线||time meridian 导航参数||navigation parameter 格网||grid 测地线||geodesic 基准方向||reference direction 真北||true north 磁北||magnetic north 格网北||grid north 罗北||compass north 航向||course 真航向||true course 格网航向||grid course 磁航向||magnetic course 罗航向||compass course 艏向||heading 真艏向||true heading 格网艏向||grid heading 罗艏向||compass heading 航迹||track 航迹角||track angle 偏流角||drift angle 圆概率误差||circular error probability, CEP 纵摇角||pitch angle 横摇角||roll angle 偏航角||yaw angle 无线电导航||radio navigation 无线电定位||radiolocation 无线电测向||radio direction finding 无线电测距||radio range finding 无线电测向仪||radio direction finder, RDF 自动测向仪||automatic direction finder, ADF 无线电罗盘||radio compass 双曲线系统||hyperbolic system 台卡||Decca 罗兰||Loran 罗兰A||Loran A 罗兰C||Loran C 奥米伽||Omega 台链||chain

三角形链||triplet 星形链||star chain 主台||master station 副台||slave station 巷||lane 巷识别||lane identification 巷识别计||lane ? identification meter 台卡计||decometer 差奥米伽系统||differential Omega system 无线电信标||radio beacon 全向信标||omnidirectional range 导航卫星||navigation satellite 同步卫星||synchronous satellite 卫星导航||satellite navigation 卫星导航系统||satellite navigation system 全球定位系统||global positioning system, GPS 导航雷达||navigation radar 避碰雷达||radar for collision avoidance 避碰装置||equipment for collision avoidance 自动雷达标绘仪||automatic radar plotting aids, ARPA 罗经||compass 磁罗经||magnetic compass 液体罗经||liquid compass 干罗经||drycard compass 半球罗经||hemispherical compass 陀螺罗经||gyrocompass 摆式罗经||pendulous gyrocompass 电控罗经||electromagnet control gyrocompass 主罗经||master compass 分罗经||compass repeater 平台罗经||stabilized gyrocompass 计程仪||log 电磁计程仪||electromagnetic log 水银水压计程仪||mercury balance log 水压计程仪||pressure log 相对计程仪||speed through the water log 绝对计程仪||speed over the ground log 多普勒计程仪||Doppler log 声相关计程仪||acoustic correlation log 自动操舵仪||autopilot 合象式测距仪||coincidence type rangefinder 光学方位仪||optical azimuth device 光学测距仪||optical rangefinder 六分仪||sextant

星体跟踪仪||astro tracker 惯性导航||inertial navigation 地球坐标系||earth coordinate system 地心坐标系||geocentric coordinate system 地理坐标系||geographic coordinate system 惯性空间||inertial space 惯性参考坐标系||inertial reference frame 地球速率||earth rate 施矩速率||torquing rate 初始对准||initial alignment 平台调平||platform erection 陀螺罗经对准||gyrocompass alignment 传递对准||transfer alignmeut 惯性导航系统||inertial navigation system, INS 几何式惯性导航系统||geometric inertial navigation system 半解析式惯性导航系统||semi ? analytic inertial navigation system 解析式惯性导航系统||analytic inertial navigation system 捷联式惯性导航系统||strapdown inertial navigation system 陀螺仪||gyroscope 速率陀螺||rate gyro 速率积分陀螺||rate ? integrating gyro 陀螺漂移||gyro drift 指令速率||command rate 加速度计||accelerometer 天文导航||celestial navigation 射电天文导航||radio celestial navigation 光学天文导航||optical celestial navigation 天文导航系统||celestial navigation system 天文年历||almanac 天文经纬仪||celestial theodolite 天文定位点||celestial fix 天文定位圆||celestial position circle 天文位置||astronomical position 双星定位||two ? body position fixing 三星定位||three ? body position fixing 多星定位||multi ? body position fixing 高度差法||altitude difference method 天体真方位||true azimuth of celestial body 天体计算方位||calculated azimuth of celestial body 等高度圈||equal altitude circle 甲板高度||altitude above deck 高度视差||parallax in altitude 综合导航||integrated navigation 惯性—卫星导航系统||inertial ? satellite navigation system

惯性—奥米伽—卫星导航系统||inertial ? Omega ? satellite navigation system 罗兰—惯性导航系统||Loran-inertial navigation system 天文—惯性导航系统||celestial-inertial navigation system 声呐||sonar 声呐方程||sonar equations 声呐参数||sonar parameters 多普勒声呐||Doppler sonar 旁视声呐||side-looking sonar 导航声呐||navigation sonar 坐底声呐||bottom mounted sonar 回声测深仪||echo depth sounder 避碰声呐||obstacle avoidance sonar 扫描声呐||scanning sonar 声呐浮标||sonobuoy, acoustic beacon 鱼探仪||fish finder 水平鱼探仪||horizontal fish finder 垂直鱼探仪||vertical fish finder 双频鱼探仪||double frequency fish finder 多笔记录式鱼探仪||multi ? stylus fish finder 网位仪||net ? sounder, trawlink 声速测量仪||sound velocimeter 声呐发射机||sonar transmitter 声呐接收机||sonar receiver 检测阈||detection threshold 听觉显示||audible presentation 视觉显示||visual presentation 换能器||transducer 发射换能器||transmitting transducer 接收换能器||receiving transducer 磁致伸缩换能器||magnetostrictive transducer 压电换能器||piezoelectric transducer 声呐基阵||sonar array 声呐导流罩||sonar dome 无线电通信||radio communication 卫星通信||satellite communication 甚长波通信||very long wave communication, myriametric wave communication 长波通信||long ? wave communication 中波通信||medium ? wave communication 短波通信||short ? wave communication 超短波通信||ultra ? short ? wave communication 天线||antenna 笼形天线||cage antenna 倒L型天线||inverted ? L antenna T型天线||T ? antenna

鞭状天线||whip antenna 对称天线||symmetrical antenna 八木天线||Yagi antenna 多路耦合器||multiple ? path coupler 天线调谐器||antenna tuner 发射天线交换器||transmitting antenna exchanger 接收天线交换器||receiving antenna exchanger 主用发信机||main transmitter 备用发信机||reserve transmitter 主用收信机||main receiver 备用收信机||reserve receiver 救生电台||survival radio station 无线电话遇险频率值班收信机||radiotelephone distress frequency watch receive 无线电话报警信号发生器||radiotelephone alarm signal generator 无线电报自动拍发器||automatic radiotelegraph keying device 无线电报自动报警器||auto ? alarm 全球海上遇险和安全系统||global maritime distress and safety system, GMDSS 数字选择性呼叫||digital selective calling, DSC 航行警告和气象预报电传接收机||NAVTEX receiver 应急无线电示位标||emergency position ? indicating radio beacon, EPIRB 雷达应答器||radar transponder 甚高频无线电话||VHF ? radiotelephone 电磁兼容性||electromagnetic compatibility, EMC 电磁噪声||electromagnetic noise 自然噪声||natural noise 人为噪声||man ? made noise 喀呖声||click 传导发射||conducted emission 辐射发射||radiated emission 宽带发射||broadband emission 窄带发射||narrowband emission 电磁干扰||electromagnetic interference 传导干扰||conducted interference 辐射干扰||radiated interference 宽带干扰||broadband interference 窄带干扰||narrowband interference 电磁脉冲||electromagnetic pulse, EMP 电磁环境||electromagnetic environment 电磁环境电平||electromagnetic ambient level 电磁敏感度||electromagnetic susceptibility 传导敏感度||conducted susceptibility 辐射敏感度||radiated susceptibility 抗扰度||immunity to interference 敏感度门限||susceptibility threshold

极限值||limit 系统间电磁兼容性||inter ? system electromagnetic compatibility 系统内电磁兼容性||intra ? system electromagnetic compatibility 电磁干扰安全裕度||electromagnetic interference safety margin, EMISM 辐射危害||radiation hazards, RADHAZ 电磁辐射对燃料的危害||hazards of electromagnetic radiation to fuel, HERF 电磁辐射对人体的危害||hazards of electromagnetic radiation to personnel, HERP 射频无反射室||radio frequency anechoic enclosure 开阔场地||open area 屏蔽室||shielded enclosure 横电磁波室||transverse electromagnetic wave cell, TEM cell 电磁干扰测量仪||electromagnetic interference measuring apparatus 线路阻抗稳定网络||line impedance stabilization network, LISN 模拟手||artificial hand 吸收钳||absorbing clamp 电流探头||current probe 对称电压||symmetrical voltage, differential mode voltage 不对称电压||asymmetrical voltage, common mode voltage 航标舱||light buoy room 航标起重机||light buoy crane 冰锚||ice anchor, ice hook 碎石锤||rock breaker, drop chisel 多能打桩架||multiple ? pile driver tower 主钩起重量||main hook load 副钩起重量||auxiliary hook load 吊货最大纵倾角||maximum loading trim angle 吊货最大横倾角||maximum loading list angle 臂杆舷外跨距||over board out reach of boom 水下吊深||hoisting height below water level 打捞浮筒||lifting pontoon 电缆舱||cable tank 鼓轮式布缆机||drum type cable laying machine 履带式布缆机||liner cable laying machine 电缆埋设犁||cable burying machine 捞缆钩||grapnel 布缆浮筒||cable buoy 电缆松紧指示器||slack meter 对中限制器||self ? aligning device 切缆器||cable cutter 艏滑轮架||bow sheave assembly 艉滑轮||stern sheave 挖泥设备||dredging equipment 挖泥机具||dredging facility 排泥设备||soil discharging facility

定位与移位设备||moving and fixing facility 泥泵||dredge pump 潜水泥泵||submersible dredge pump 胶衬泥泵||rubberized dredge pump 双壳泥泵||double wall dredge pump 水封泵||gland pump 冲水泵||jet water pump 气动泵||pneumatic dredge pump 喷射泵||jet dredge pump 气力提升泵||air lift mud pump 吸泥管线||suction pipeline 吸头||soil receiver suction end 船上排泥管||in ? hull discharge pipeline 挠性接头||pipeline flexible joint, rubber sleeve 压力管线||pressure pipeline 冲水管||jet water spout 洒水短管||spraying tube 松土器||agitator 斗轮铰刀||bucket wheel 刀轮绞刀||cutting wheel 铰刀||cutter 铰刀架||cutter ladder 铰刀吊架||cutter ladder gantry 铰刀架起落装置||hoisting gear for cutter ladder 铰刀修理平台||cutter head platform 起落绞车||hoisting winch 移驳绞车||barge warping winch 沉石箱||stone catcher 吸盘||dustpan suction tube 耙头||drag head 耙头梯架||drag head ladder 耙臂||drag arm 耙头梯架起落装置||hoisting gear for drag head ladder 涌浪补偿器||swell compensator 耙臂小车||trunnion carriage 耙吸装置||drag and suction device 十字环支架||cross ring flexible joint 泥舱稀释装置||hopper diluting installation 泥斗||bucket 斗链张紧装置||bucket chain tightening device 链斗装置||bucket arrangement 斗塔||bucket tower 斗链||bucket chain 上导轮||top tumbler

下导轮||lower tumbler 上导轮平台||monkey frame, top tumbler frame 连续斗链||closed connected bucket chain 间隔斗链||open connected bucket chain 斗桥||bucket ladder 斗桥吊架||bucket ladder gantry 斗桥起落装置||bucket ladder hoisting gear 碎泥刀||mud breaker 抓斗机||grab machine, jib crane 抓斗||grab 抓斗稳索||grab stabilizer line 铲扬机||dipper machine 铲斗||dipper, shovel 铲斗吊杆||derrick boom for dipper 铲斗转盘||turntable of dipper machine 推压机构||dipper crowding gear 铲斗支架||dipper frame 铲斗起升装置||dipper hoisting gear 铲斗背度装置||dipper backing equipment 排泥管||discharge pipeline 喷嘴||soil discharging nozzle 球形接头||ball joint 伸缩接管||expansion joint, stuffing box 排泥管接岸装置||shore connecting plant 自浮泥管||dredger ? s self ? floating pipeline 可潜泥管||submersible pipeline 排泥浮筒||dredger ? s floaters 旋转弯头||turning gland 溜泥槽||glide chute 泥阱||sump, drop, chute 泥门启闭机构||door lifting device 分泥板||soil valve, tumbling door 边抛装置||side discharge installation 抽舱排泥装置||self ? emptying installation 自动排稀装置||automatic light mixture over board installation 泥门||hopper door 溢流槽||over flow device 浮力舱||air tank, void space 泥舱||spoil hopper, mud holder 定位桩||work pile, spud 定位桩架||spud gantry 定位桩台车||spud carriage 艏锚绞车||bow position winch 艉锚绞车||stern position winch

横移绞车||travelling winch, side winch 水下导缆桩||anchor line guide spud 三缆定位系统||three ? way rope ? s position system 定位系统||orientation system; positioning system 挖泥船自控程序系统||automated control system of dredging processes A 型吊架||A frame, side gallows L 型吊架||L frame 浮游生物吊杆||plankton davit 水文吊杆||hydrological davit 采样平台||sampling platform 深水抛锚绞车||deep sea anchor winch 底栖拖网装置||benthic trawling gear 深水锚锚缆||anchor rope for deep sea 扫海具||sweeper 水文绞车||hydrographic winch 深温计绞车||depth temperature meter winch 地质绞车||geological winch 重力仪绞车||gravimeter winch 浮筒绞车||float chamber winch 波浪仪绞车||wavemeter winch 磁力仪绞车||magnetometer winch 剖面仪绞车||profiler winch 扫海绞车||sweep winch 底栖拖网绞车||benthic trawl winch 深水底栖拖网绞车||deep sea trawl winch 浮标系统绞车||buoyage winch 地震电缆绞车||seismic cable winch 电视摄影电缆绞车||television photograph cable winch 水声学电缆绞车||hydrosound cable winch 温盐深电缆绞车||salt temperature deep cable winch 声呐电缆绞车||sonar cable winch CTD电缆绞车||CTD cable winch 缆绳缓冲器||bumper 潜水器||submersible, submersible vehicle 载人潜水器||manned submersible 无人潜水器||unmanned submersible 潜水器系统||submersible system 潜水器母船||mother ship of submersible 吊放回收装置||launch retrieval apparatus 下潜平台||submerged platform 尾部敞开井||open stern well 中央井||center well, moonpool 潜水工作间||diving cabin 潜水器材舱||diving apparatus room

潜水平台||diving platform 闸式潜水器||lock ? in lock ? out submersible, lock ? out submersible 湿式潜水器||wet submersible 有缆潜水器||tethered submersible 拖航潜水器||towed vehicle 无缆遥控潜水器||untethered remotely operated vehicle 海底爬行机||bottom crawling vehicle 水下游览船||tourist submersible, underwater sightseeing ? boat 潜水员运行器||diver assistance vehicle 水下作业机械||underwater operating machine 水下监听站||underwater monitoring station 水下作业站||underwater working station 深潜器||deep diving submersible, bathyscaphe 深潜救生艇||deep submersible rescue vehicle, DSRV 深潜系统||deep diving system 潜水钟||diving bell 潜水加压舱||diving compression chamber 甲板加压舱||deck compression chamber 水下居住舱||underwater habitat 主舱||main chamber 过渡舱||transfer chamber, entry locker 湿舱||wet chamber 干舱||dry chamber 闸室装置||lock ? in lock ? out chamber 补给浮标||supply buoy 脐带||umbilical 潜水装具||diving apparatus 潜水服||diving suit 潜水头盔||diver ? s helmet 领盘||diver ? s breast plate 压铅||diver ? s lead weight 潜水鞋||diver ? s boots 潜水腰节阀||air control valve 信号绳||signal line 潜水导索||diver ? s descending line 潜水行进绳||diver ? s distance line 潜水刀||diver ? s knife 潜水减压架||decompression stage 潜水梯||diver ? s boat ladder 潜水电话||diving telephone 氦氧潜水电话||helium ? oxygen diving telephone 水声对讲机||hydrophone intercommunicator 潜水呼吸器||diving breathing apparatus 自持式水下呼吸器||self ? contained umderwater breathing apparatus, SCUBA

开放式潜水呼吸器||open breathing apparatus 封闭式潜水呼吸器||closed circuit breathing apparatus 半封闭式潜水呼吸器||semi ? closed circuit underwater breathing apparatus 开闭式潜水呼吸器||open and closed circuit underwater breathing apparatus 救生裙||transfer skirt 救生钟||rescue bell 压力补偿装置||pressure compensation device 恒张力系统||constant tension system 高压空气系统||high pressure air system 纵横倾调节系统||trim ? heel regulating system 压载系统||ballasting system 不可逆压载系统||irreversible ballasting system 可逆压载系统||reversible ballasting system 浮力调节系统||buoyancy regulating system 可调压载水舱||variable ballast tank 可抛固体压载||dropable solid ballast 应急抛载装置||emergeney ejectioning device 铁丸压载||shot ballast, iron shot 鞍形舱||saddle chamber 可弃压载||drop able ballast, drop ballast 可变压载||variable ballast 汽油浮力系统||gasoline buoyancy system, oil buoyancy system 串联式推进系统||tandem propulsion system, TPS 尾滚筒||stern barrel, stern roll 网板架||trawl gallow 吊网门形架||gantry 曳纲滑轮||warp block 后转式尾门||backward swinging gangway 滑道门||ramp gate 曳纲束锁||towing lock 舷外撑臂||outrigger off ? board pole 括纲吊臂||purse line davit 弹钩||slip hook 干线导管||main line guide pipe 支线传送装置||branch line conveyer 盘线装置||line winder 整理水池||unravel water tank 喷洒装置||sprinkler 送网管||net carrying pipe 输鱼槽||fish channel 饵料柜||bait service tank 钓竿箱||fishing rod box 捕捞机械||fishing machinery 卷纲机||rope reel

绞纲机组||winch ? rope reel 起网机||net winch 动力滑轮||power block 卷网机||net drum 起网机组||net hauling system 干线起线机||line hauler 支线起线机||branch line winder 干线理线机||line arranger 干线放线机||line casting machine 曳绳钓起线机||trolling gurdy 鱿鱼钓机||squid angling machine 鲣鱼竿钓机||jackpole automatic machine 自动延绳钓机||autolongline machine 刺网延绳钓机||gillnet winch ? line hauler 牵引绞机||tractive winch 滚轮绞机||bobbin winch 移动绞机||shift winch 抄网机||brailling machine 理网机||net shifter 渔泵||fishpump 流刺网振网机||driftnet shaker 定置网打桩机||setnet pile hammer 钻冰机||ice driller 冰下穿索器||ice jigger 舷边动力滚柱||side power roller 海洋污染||marine pollution 污染源||source of pollution 操作污染||operational pollution 非法排放||discharge in violation of regulations 事故污染||accidental pollution 污染物||pollutants 有害物质||harmful substance 油类||oil 油性混合物||oily mixture 有毒液体物质||noxious liquid substance A 类有毒液体物质||category A noxious liquid substance B 类有毒液体物质||category B noxious liquid substance C 类有毒液体物资||category C noxious liquid substance D 类有毒液体物质||category D noxious liquid substance 污压载水||dirty ballast 洗舱水||tank washings 舱底污水||bilge water 生活污水||sewage 黑水||black water

灰水||grey water 特殊区域||special area 排放条件||conditions of discharge 排油控制||control of discharge of oil 排放标准||effluent standard 排放浓度||effluent concentration 油量瞬间排放率||instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content 专用压载水||segregated ballast 清洁压载水||clean ballast 专用压载舱保护位置||protective location of segregated ballast tank, SBT/PL 清洁压载舱操作手册||clean ballast tank operation manual 原油洗舱||crude oil washing, COW 阴影图||shadow diagram 扫舱系统||stripping system 腐蚀||corrosion 电化学腐蚀||electrochemical corrosion 腐蚀电池||corrosion cell 腐蚀电位||corrosion potential 自然腐蚀电位||free corrosion potential 腐蚀电流||corrosion current 海洋腐蚀||marine corrosion 海洋大气腐蚀||marine atmospheric corrosion 飞溅区腐蚀||splash zone corrosion 潮汐区腐蚀||tide zone corrosion 水线区腐蚀||waterline zone corrosion, boottopping corrosion 全浸区腐蚀||submerged zone corrosion 海泥区腐蚀||sea mud zone corrosion 污染海水腐蚀||polluted sea water corrosion 电偶腐蚀||galvanic corrosion 电偶序||galvanic series 杂散电流腐蚀||stray ? current corrosion 冲击腐蚀||impingement corrosion 应力腐蚀断裂||stress corrosion cracking 氢脆||hydrogen embrittlement 腐蚀疲劳||corrosion fatigue 普遍腐蚀||general corrosion 局部腐蚀||localized corrosion 点蚀||pitting, pitting corrosion 缝隙腐蚀||crevice corrosion 焊区腐蚀||weld decay, weld corrosion 刃形腐蚀||knife ? line corrosion, knife ? line attack 晶间腐蚀||intergranular corrosion 脱成分腐蚀||dealloying, selective corrosion 层状腐蚀||layer corrosion, exfoliation corrosion

耐蚀性||corrosion resistance 腐蚀速率||corrosion rate 腐蚀深度||corrosion depth 腐蚀试验||corrosion test 加速腐蚀试验||accelerated corrosion test 盐雾试验||salt spray test 模拟腐蚀试验||simulative corrosion test 实用腐蚀试验||service test 污损||fouling 防蚀||corrosion protection, corrosion control, corrosion prevention, anti ? corrosion 防蚀设计||design for corrosion 腐蚀裕量||corrosion allowance 电化学保护||electrochemical protection 阴极保护||cathodic protection 保护度||degree for protection, percentage of protection 过保护||over protection 保护电位范围||protection potential range 保护电流密度||protection current density 外加电流阴极保护||impressed current cathodic protection 恒电位仪||potentiostat, constant potential rectifier, controlled rectifier 参比电极||reference electrode 辅助阳极||auxiliary anode 阳极屏蔽层||anode shield 牺牲阳极阴极保护||sacrificial anode cathodic protection, galvanic anode protection 牺牲阳极||sacrificial anode, galvanic anode 牺牲阳极开路电位||open potential for sacrificial anode 牺牲阳极闭路电位||closed potential for sacrificial anode 牺牲阳极驱动电压||driving voltage for sacrificial anode 牺牲阳极电流效率||current efficiency for sacrificial anode 牺牲阳极利用效率||utilization coefficient for sacrificial anode 排流保护||electrical drainage protection 保护性覆盖层||protective coating 金属覆盖层||metal coating 金属热浸镀||metal hot dipping 渗镀||cementation 金属喷镀||metal spraying 爆炸包覆||explosion cladding 化学转换覆盖层||chemical conversion coating 钝化||passivation 磷化处理||phosphating 铬酸盐处理||chromating 阳极氧化||anodization, anode oxidation 有机物覆盖层||organic coating 重防蚀涂料||heavy ? duty paint

底漆||primer 涂料缺陷||coating defect 衬里||lining 缓蚀剂||inhibitor 防锈油||rust preventive oil 防污||anti ? fouling 电解海水防污||anti ? fouling with electrolyzing sea water 水下覆护||underwater revetement 船台||building berth, berth 倾斜船台||inclined building berth 水平船台||horizontal building berth 半坞式船台||semi ? dock building berth 露天船台||exposed berth 室内船台||covered berth 船台小车||berth bogie 拉桩||land tie 连续式拉桩||long land tie 船台中心线板||center line strip on berth 墩木||block 龙骨墩||keel block 边墩||side keel block 舭墩||side block, bilge block 砂箱墩||block with sand box, sand block 下水墩||launching block 船台坡度||slope of building berth 滑道||launching way, slipway 纵向滑道||end slipway 横向滑道||side slipway 牵引式滑道||towing slipway 两支点滑道||slipway with two supporting points 船排滑道||railway slip 斜船架滑道||slipway with wedge type launching 横向梳式滑道||comb type side slipway 油脂滑道||greased slipway 滑道摇架||slipway turn cradle 滑道转盘||slipway turntable 下水车||launching cradle 斜船架||wedge type launching cradle 随船架||boat carriage 船排||patent slip 滑板||sliding way 下水油脂||launching grease 下水横梁||launching beam 下水支架||launching poppet

艏支架||fore poppet 艉支架||after poppet 滑道坡度||slope of slipway 滑道间距||spacing of slipway 滑道末端水深||depth of water on way end, depth at slipway ends 滑道末端凹口||threshold hollow 过渡段||transition section 横移区||transition zone 横移坑||transition pit 横移车||transition carriage 止滑器||trigger 保险撑||slip stopper 升船机||ship lift, ship elevator 浮力升船机||floating shiplift 船坞||dock 干船坞||dry dock 注水式船坞||flooding dock 串联式船坞||tandem dock 运河式船坞||canalled dock 坞首||dock head 坞口||dock entrance 引船驳岸||ship ? directional quay 坞壁||dock wall 坞底||dock bottom, bottom 坞室||dock chamber 坞坎||dock sill, sill 门墩||gate pier 门槽||dockgate channel 坞门||dock gate, caisson 浮箱式坞门||floating caisson, pontoon dock gate 人字式坞门||mitre caisson, two ? gate caisson 卧倒式坞门||flap caisson, flap gate, flap type gate 迭梁式坞门||beams gate 推进式坞门||propelling gate 修理门槽||gate channel for repairing 门坑||pit for caisson, pit for gate 廊道||gallery 坞墩||docking block 船坞引船车||pulling trolley along dock side 坞壁作业车||dock side travelling, dock side stage 进坞重量||docking weight 搁墩负荷||block load 浮船坞||floating dock 整体式浮船坞||single unit floating dock

浮箱式浮船坞||pontoon floating dock 三段式浮船坞||three ? piece type floating dock 分体式浮船坞||sectional dock 修船浮筒||buoy for repairing 坞墙||wing wall 坞墙顶甲板||top deck 安全甲板||safety deck 抬船甲板||pontoon deck 浮体||floating body 浮箱||pontoon 浮船坞飞桥||flying bridge 坞墙通道||wing wall passage 浮船坞总长||overall length of floating dock 坞内净宽||net width between wing walls 浮船坞举力||lifting capacity 空坞吃水||light draft of floating dock 最大沉深吃水||maximum submerged draft 空坞排水量||light displacement of floating dock 浮船坞配载||adjustment of floating dock 浮船坞挠度||deflection of floating dock 防撞装置||anti ? impact gear 浮坞起重机||floating dock crane 引船绞盘||warping capstan 沉坞坑||sinkage dock pit 浮船坞支墩||support of floating dock 浮船坞试验||test of floating dock 舾装码头||fitting ? out quay 试车码头||quay for mooring trial 船体建造工艺||technology of hull construction 钢材预处理||steel pretreatment 船体放样||lofting 船体零件号料||marking of hull parts 船体加工||hull steel fabrication 火工矫正||distortion correction by flame 船体装配||hull assembly 部件装配||subassembly 分段||section, unit 平面分段||flat section 曲面分段||curved section 立体分段||three ? dimensional unit 嵌补分段||joining section 基准分段||basic section 总段||block, complete cross section 分段装配||section assembly

胎架||assembly jig, jig, moulding bed 船台装配||berth assembly 分段建造法||sectional method of hull construction 总段建造法||block method of hull construction 水平建造法||horizontal method of hull construction 塔式建造法||pyramid method of hull construction 岛式建造法||island method of hull construction 两段造船法||two ? part hull construction 串联造船法||tandem shipbuilding method 水上合拢||afloat joining ship sections 下水||launching 艉浮||lift by the stern 艉落||tipping 艏落||dropping 艏沉||dipping 纵向下水||end launching 横向下水||side launching 重力式下水||gravity launching 牵引式下水||tractor launching 漂浮式下水||floating launching 起升机械下水||shiplift launching 气囊下水||air bag launching 艏支架压力||fore poppet pressure 滑道末端压力||way end pressure 精度管理||accuracy control 艏翘||cocking up of forebody 艉翘||cocking up of after body 舾装||outfitting 船装||hull outfitting 机装||machinery fitting 管系放样||piping layout 电装||electric fitting 预舾装||pre ? outfitting 单元组装||unit assembling 单元舾装||unit outfitting 管子预装||pre ? outfitting of pipe 上层建筑整体吊装||lifting and mounting complete superstructure 涂装||hull painting 托盘||pallet 托盘管理||pallet control 外舾装||deck outfitting 内舾装||accommodation outfitting 主机校中||determination for main engine location 轴系中线||shafting center line

轴系找中||centering of shafting 主干电缆||main cable 分支电缆||branch cable 假舱壁||assembly frame 船舶建造检验||survey for ship construction 交验项目||items for inspection 船用产品检验||inspection of products for marine service 船台标杆线||vertical template for hull assembly 船体密性试验||tightness test for hull 冲水试验||hose test 灌水试验||water filling test 水压试验||hydrostatic test 油压试验||oil test 淋水试验||water pouring test 气密试验||airtight test 煤油试验||kerosine test 油雾试验||oil fog test 锚投落试验||drop test for anchor 锚拉力试验||tension test for anchor, proof load test for anchor 锚链拉力试验||tension test for chain cable, proof load test for chain cable 锚链拉断试验||breaking test for chain cable 抛锚试验||anchoring trial 人力应急起锚试验||manual emergency anchoring test 操舵试验||steering test 人力应急操舵试验||manual emergency steering test 救生艇抛落试验||drop test for lifeboat 救生艇起落试验||lowering and lifting test for lifeboat 救生艇架强度试验||proof test for lifeboat davit 救生设备到位检查||general inspection of lifesaving appliance 起货设备吊重试验||load test for cargo handling gear 舷梯强度试验||proof test for accommodation ladder 引航员梯试验||proof test for pilot ladder 轴支架投落试验||drop test for shaft bracket 系泊设备试验||mooring arrangement test 拖曳设备试验||towing equipment test 应急疏水试验||emergency draining test 消防系统效用试验||proof test for fire ? extinguishing systems 艉轴管水压试验||hydraulic test of stern tube sleeve 轴套水压试验||hydraulic test of tailshaft sleeve 轴套油压试验||oil test of tailshaft sleeve 系泊试验||mooring trial 航行试验||sea trial 倾斜试验||inclining test 航速试验||speed trial

倒车试验||astern trial 低速舵效试验||rudder effectiveness test in low speed 发电机组负载试验||load test for generator set 发电机组并联运行试验||parallel operation test for generator set 坞修||docking repair 进坞||docking 出坞||undocking 上排||up to patent slip 勘验||prerepairing inspection 摆墩||blocking arrangement 坞内找正||alignment in dock 船底望光||light measure with eye for the bottom deforming 水下维修||underwater maintenance 水下黏合||underwater adhesion 轴套黏接||shaft liner bonding 螺旋桨轴配键||matching key on propeller shaft 螺旋桨螺距矫正||check of propeller pitch 螺距规||propeller pitch gauge 螺旋桨校平衡||propeller balance test 螺旋桨锥孔研配||scraping of propeller boss 高压水清洗||hydroblasting 机械除锈||mechanical rust removal 喷砂除锈||sand blasting 湿喷砂除锈||wet sand blasting 喷丸除锈||shot peening 船体外板测厚||thickness measurement of hull plates 喷涂||spray painting 滚涂||roll painting 高压无气喷涂||airless spraying 喷浆法||mortar jetting method 洗舱||washing 测爆||gas ? free inspection 船舶改装||ship conversion 曲轴修正||reconditioning of crankshaft 轴模||shaft grinding segment 曲轴就地加工||carnkshaft reconditioning in situs 轴承刮削||scraping of bearing 吊缸||lift out piston 主轴颈下沉量||deflection of main journal 桥规||bridge gauge 曲轴臂距差测量||measuring of crank deflection 曲轴量表||dial gauge for measuring of crank spread 机座找平||levelling of engine bed 机架定位||positioning of engine frame

气缸体定位||positioning of cylinder block 导板定位||positioning of crosshead guide 运动件校中||centering of moving parts 找止点||setting of top dead center 止点规||dead center gauge 校气缸余隙||check of play between piston and cylinder cover 校正时||timing 校气阀间隙||check of the tappet clearance 阀面研磨||valve lapping 冲车||blowing 锅炉底座定位||positioning of boiler stool 锅筒定位||positioning of drum 炉墙砌筑||furnace brickwork 锅炉绝热层包扎||lagging of boiler 锅炉水压试验||hydraulic test of boiler 锅炉燃烧器试验||boiler burner test 煮炉||boiling out 安全阀调整试验||safety valve operation test 炉胆顶圆||sag correction of boiler furnace 炉胆焊装||welding outfiting of boiler furnace 燃烧室板壁矫正||aligning of boiler furnace wall 锅炉管孔堵焊||boiler tube plug welding 扫炉||boiler clearing 洗炉||washing boiler 测向仪自差校正||correction of direction finder deviation 套合||shrinking on 热喷涂||thermal spraying 电刷镀||electro chemical machining 镀铬修复||chromium plating repair 镀铁修复||iron plating repair 镶套||bushing 光车||machining 金属扣合||tie insert 拆船||shipbreaking 轻吨||light displacement ton, LDT 全洗舱||full gas ? free 半洗舱||partial gas ? free 船体结构钢||hull ? structural steel 一般强度船体结构钢||normal strength hull ? structural steel 高强度船体结构钢||high strength hull ? structural steel 船体结构钢韧性等级||toughness grade of hull ? structural steel 球扁钢||bulb flat, bulb steel 焊接锚链钢||steel for welded chain cables 耐压壳体钢板||steel plate for pressure shell

耐海水不锈钢||seawater corrosion ? resisting stainless steel 耐海洋大气结构钢||marine atmosphere corrosion ? resisting structural steel 低磁钢||low ? magnetic steel, non ? magnetic steel 船体结构用铸钢||cast steel for hull ? structural 船体结构用锻钢||forged steel for hull ? structural 船舶机械用锻钢||forged steel for ship machinery parts 船舶机械用铸钢||cast steel for ship machinery parts 船舶轴系用钢||steel for ship shafting 铸造锚链钢||steel for cast chain cables 船用铝合金||marine aluminium alloy 船用铜合金||marine copper alloy 螺旋桨用铸造铜合金||cast copper alloy for propeller 船用钛合金||marine titanium alloy 牺牲阳极材料||sacrificial anode material 辅助阳极材料||auxiliary anode material 船用焊条||shipbuilding electrode 船用焊丝||welding wire for shipbuilding 船用焊剂||flux for shipbuilding 船舶涂料||marine paint 防锈涂料||anti ? corrosion paint 防污涂料||anti ? fouling paint 船底涂料||ship bottom paint 船底防锈涂料||ship bottom anticorrosive paint 船底防污涂料||ship bottom antifouling paint 木船防污涂料||antifouling paint for wooden boat 自抛光防污涂料||self polishing copolymer antifouling paint 水线涂料||boottopping paint 船壳涂料||topside paint 甲板涂料||deck paint 甲板防滑涂料||antiskid deck paint, antislip deck paint 饮水舱涂料||potable water tank paint 机舱涂料||engine compartment paint 油舱涂料||oil tank paint 阳极屏蔽层涂料||anode shield paint 声呐导流罩涂料||sonar dome paint 水下施工涂料||underwater brushable paint 围裙材料||hovercraft skirt material 固体浮力材料||solid buoyancy material 非金属阻尼材料||nonmetallic damping material 水声反声材料||underwater acoustic reflection material 水声吸声材料||under water acoustic absorption material 水声透声材料||under water acoustic transmission material 水下胶黏剂||underwater adhesive 酚醛桦木层压板||phenolic birch laminate

甲板敷料||deck covering 船用隔热材料||marine thermal insulation material 船用胶合板||marine plywood 船用防火板||marine fire proof panel 海洋油气开发设施||offshore unit 海洋平台||platform, offshore unit 钻井平台||drilling platform, drilling unit 井口平台||wellhead platform 生产平台||production platform 储油平台||oil storage platform 输油平台||transfer platform 生活平台||accommodation platform 动力平台||power platform 火炬平台||flare platform 固定式平台||fixed platform 桩基平台||pile ? supported platform 导管架平台||jacket platform 基盘式平台||template platform 重力式平台||gravity platform 混凝土重力式平台||concrete gravity platform 修井平台||workover platform 移动式平台||mobile unit, mobile platform 移动式钻井平台||mobile drilling unit, mobile drilling platform 坐底式钻井平台||submersible drilling unit, submersible drilling platform 自升式钻井平台||jack ? up drilling unit, jack ? up drilling platform 沉垫自升式钻井平台||mat jack ? up drilling unit, mat jack ? up drilling platform 桩靴自升式钻井平台||footing jack ? up drilling unit, footing jack ? up drilling platform 悬臂自升式钻井平台||cantilever jack ? up drilling unit, cantilever jack ? up drilling platform 半潜式钻井平台||semi ? submersible drilling unit, semi ? submersible drilling platform 顺应式结构||compliant structure 张力腿平台||tension leg platform, TLP 拉索塔||guyed tower 铰接柱||articulated column, articulated tower 钻井船||drilling ship 中心系泊定位钻井船||center moored drilling ship, turret moored drilling ship 散射系泊定位钻井船||spread moored drilling ship 动力定位钻井船||dynamic positioning drilling ship 钻井驳||drilling barge 储油船||oil storage tanker 浮式生产储油装置||floating production storage unit, FPSU 生产储油船||production storage tanker 生产测试船||production test ship 穿梭油船||shuttle tanker 下水驳||launching barge

守护船||stand ? by ship 固井船||well cementing ship 修井驳||workover barge 钻井供应船||drilling tender 载管驳||pipe barge 铺管船||pipelaying vessel 铺管驳||pipelaying barge 卷筒铺管驳||reel barge 埋管驳||pipe ? burying barge 三用拖船||tug, anchor ? handling and supply vessel 人工岛||artificial island 固定式生产系统||fixed production system 浮式生产系统||floating production system, FPS 浮式生产储卸油装置||floating production storage offloading, FPSO 浮式储卸油装置||floating storage offloading unit 顺应式生产系统||compliant production system 水下生产系统||subsea production system 早期生产系统||early production system, EPS 单井石油生产系统||single well oil production system, SWOPS 集输系统||gathering system 储油系统||oil storage system 自由漂浮状态||free floating condition 系泊状态||moored condition 锚泊状态||anchored condition 移航状态||transit condition 拖航状态||towing condition 坐底状态||supported on the seabed condition 作业状态||operating condition 生存状态||survival condition 安装状态||installing condition 试验状态||test condition 升降状态||jacking condition 插拔桩状态||spud driving and pulling condition 移航吃水||mobile draft 作业吃水||operating draft 生存吃水||survival draft 移航排水量||mobile displacement 作业排水量||operating displacement 生存排水量||survival displacement 冲桩||washing out pile 预压状态||preloading condition 沉浮状态||ascending and descending condition 环境资料||environmental data 自然环境条件||natural environmental condition

环境参数||environmental parameters 环境设计衡准||environmental design criteria 设计环境条件||design environmental conditions 作业环境条件||operating environmental conditions 生存环境条件||survival environmental conditions 安装环境条件||installing environmental conditions 重现期||recurrence period 作业水深||operating water depth 设计水深||design water depth 水面高程||water level elevation 特征潮位||characteristic tide levels 飞溅区||splash zone 海底冲刷||seafloor scour 淘空||scouring 环境载荷||environmental load 作业载荷||operating load 固定载荷||dead load 可变载荷||variable load, live load 动载荷||dynamic load 变形载荷||deformation load 甲板设计载荷||design deck load 风载荷||wind load 波浪载荷||wave load 海流载荷||current load 冰载荷||ice load 地震载荷||earthquake load 上部结构||topside, superstructure 下体||lower hull 沉垫||mat 沉箱||caisson 桩腿||spud leg 桩靴||footing 立柱||column 撑杆||bracing 抗滑桩||spud for antislip 管结点||tubular joint 弦杆||chord 裙板||skirt plate 导管架||jacket 导管架腿柱||jacket leg 井口基盘||template 下水桁架||launching truss 模块||module 撬装块||skid

防沉板||mudmat 隔水套管||conductor tube 隔水套管构架||conductor frame 水下设备||subsea equipment 运动补偿设备||motion compensation equipment 钻柱运动补偿器||drill string compensator, DSC 水平运动补偿器||horizontal displacement compensator 隔水管张力器||riser tensioners 导向索||guideline 导向索张力器||guideline tensioners 伸缩接头||telescopic joint 胶管张力器||pod line tensioners 升降装置||jacking system 楔块装置||wedge system 举升能力||jacking capacity 峰隙||air gap, wave clearance 桩基||pile foundation 桩贯入深度||pile penetration 海床地基承载力||bearing capacity of seabed 侧向承载桩||laterally load pile P—Y 曲线||P ? Y curve T—Z 曲线||T ? Z curve P—B 曲线||P ? B curve 群桩效应||pile group effect 抗倾稳定性||stability against overturning 坐底稳定性||sit ? on ? bottom stability 抗滑稳定性||stability against sliding 地基整体稳定性||ground general stability 在位分析||in place analysis 上驳分析||load out analysis 运输分析||transportation analysis 下水分析||launching analysis 扶正分析||uprighting analysis 导管架上驳||jacket loadout 导管架下水||jacket launching 导管架就位||handling and securing after upending procedure 吊装分析||lifting analysis 拖航分析||towing analysis 单点系泊||single point moorings, SPM 单点系泊装置||single point mooring unit 固定式单点系泊装置||fixed single point mooring unit 浮式单点系泊装置||floating single point mooring unit 桩式系泊塔||piled mooring tower 重力式系泊塔||gravity mooring tower

悬链锚腿系泊装置||catenary anchor leg mooring, CALM 单锚腿系泊装置||single anchor leg mooring, SALM 单锚腿储油装置||single anchor leg storage, SALS 单浮筒储油装置||single buoy storage, SBS 刚臂式单锚腿系泊装置||single anchor leg mooring with rigid arm, SALMRA 轭架式单锚腿系泊装置||yoke tower single anchor leg mooring 立管转塔式系泊装置||riser turret mooring 铰接立管转塔式系泊装置||articulated riser turret mooring 浮筒转塔式系泊装置||buoyant turret mooring, BTM 轭架||yoke 转台||turntable 万向架||gimbal table 锚腿||anchor leg 系泊旋转接头||mooring swivel 流体输送旋转接头||fluid product swivel 快速解脱接头||quick connect/disconnect coupler, QCDC 配重块||clump weight 回转区域半径||turning circle radius, swing circle radius 回转区域||turning circle, swing circle 操纵区域||maneuvering area 作业系泊载荷||operating mooring load 作业系缆载荷||operating hawser load 作业锚泊载荷||operating anchor load 动力定位||dynamic positioning 位置检测系统||position detecting system 推力器系统||thruster system 锚泊定位||anchor moored positioning 散射锚泊系统||spread anchoring system 多浮筒系泊系统||multi ? buoy mooring system 定位能力||stationkeeping ability 监控圈||watch circle 海底管道系统||submarine pipeline system 海底管道||submarine pipeline 立管||riser 外立管||external riser 内立管||internal riser 膨胀弯管||expansion loop 管道接岸段||pipeline shore ? approach 保温管道||hot oil line 双层管||double tube 出油管道||flowline 集输管道||gathering line 埋设管道||buried pipeline 裸置管道||unburied pipeline

约束管道||restrained line 非约束管道||unrestrained line 水下管汇||subsea manifold 水下管汇中心||subsea manifold center 管道末端管汇||pipeline end manifold 集输中心||gathering center 立管管卡||riser clamp 立管支撑件||riser support 清管器||pig 扫线清管器||cleaning pig 定径清管器||gauging pig 检测清管器||instrument pig 清管器收发装置||pig traps 管道封头||cap 止屈器||buckle arrestor 水击压力||surge pressure 引发压力||initiation pressure 传播压力||propagation pressure 悬空段长度||suspended length 埋设深度||laying depth 铺管参数||pipe laying parameters 管道标志||pipeline identification 管段连接||tie ? in 拖管法||tow method 底拖法||bottom tow method 近底拖法||off ? bottom tow method 定深拖法||below ? surface tow method 水面拖法||surface tow method 铺管船法||pipelaying vessel metbod 张紧器||tensioner 托管架||stinger J型管||J ? tube 喷射挖沟埋管法||jetting method 液化埋管法||fluidization method 机械开沟法||mechanical cutting method 开沟犁法||plowing method 拖管头||pulling head 弃管||pipe abandon 收管||pipe retrieval

A A&C.P.=anchors and chains 锚与锚链试验合格 a.a.r.=against all risks 综合险,保全险 AB=anchor bolt 锚栓,系紧螺栓 ab(前缀)(厘米-克-秒 CGS 电磁制单位)绝对,电磁 abac 坐标网,列线图 aback 1.向后 2.逆帆.3.停船 4.使船向后退 abacus 1.顶板,冠板 2.算盘 3.列线图 abaft在船尾部,在---后面,向船尾;~the beam 在船正横以后(的方向) abampere (A)电磁安培(CGS 电磁制电流单位,=10 安培=1 毕奥) abandoner 放弃者,弃船者;SHIP~弃船船员, abandonment 1.弃船,放弃.2.(商)委付(将残余保险物权转移给保险人以领取全部赔偿金额)3. 放弃货载 4.(油)废井 abase 1.落帆.2.降旗 abate 1.减退(指潮或水位),缓和(指风)2.废除,撤消 3.减价,还价 abatement 1.减退(指潮或水位),缓和(指风) ,抑制 2.作废,撤消 3.减价,减税;NOISE ~噪声抑 制,消声;~OF TAXES 减税 A-battery 丝极电池,甲电池 ABB=air-blast circuit breaker 空气吹弧断路器 ABB=automatic back bias 自动反馈偏压 abbreviation 缩写,略语,简号 2.(数)约分,简化 ABC=automatic bandwidth control 自动带宽控制 ABC=automatic bias compensation 自动偏压补偿 ABC=automatic bias control 自动偏压控制 ABC=automatic binary computer 自动 二进制电子计算机,自动二进制电脑 ABC=automatic boiler control 锅炉自动控制 ABC=automatic brightness control 自动亮度控制 ABCC=automatic brightness contrast control 自动亮度对比控制,自动亮度反差调整 abcoulomb 电磁库仑(CGS 电磁制电荷单位,=10 库仑=1 毕奥秒) ABCU=automatic bridge control system for unattended engine room (ABS) (美国船级社船级 标志)驾驶室遥控无人机舱(注明无人时限) ABD=advance base dock (美)前沿基地浮船坞 abd=aboard 在船上,去船上 ABDC=after bottom dead center 下死点后 abeam 正横(与船的中线面成直角),横向;OBJECT~物标正横;WIND~横风 aberration 1.像差 2.光行差 3.偏差,反常 abfarad 电磁法拉(CGS 电磁制电容单位=10-9 法拉) abhenry 电磁亨利(CGS 电磁制电感单位=10-9 亨利) abide 1.忍受(风浪),坚持顶浪 2.等待(其它船)3.(商行船被风浪所阻(海损用词) ability 性能,能力 ability ~of righting(船舶)扶正 能力,复原能力;~to deposit weld 熔敷焊接能力;~to self-stow 自收藏能力(的); ability absorbing~吸收能力;accelerating~加速性能; ability adaptive~自适应能力;adhesive~粘着性;

ability armour-penetrating~穿甲性;cargo-carrying~载货性能,载货能力; ability climbing~(垫)爬坡能力;course-chanhing~改(变)航(向)性(能);转首性(能) ability course-keeping~航向保持能力;cutting~切削能力;decoupling~去耦能力;digging~ 挖掘能力; ability emission~放射能力;energy absorption~能量吸收能力;flow~流通能力; ability fuse antivibration~引信搞振能力;initial turning~初转能力;interchange~互换性; ability load-carrying~载重能力;maneuvering (manoeuvring)~操纵性,机动性 ability maximum turning~最大回转性能;mud~泥泞地区通过能力;oxidizing~氧化能力; ability pumping~泵吸姓;range~航程,航行距离;reducing~还原能力;resolving~分辨能力, 鉴别力,解算能力;seagoing~适(于)航(海)能力,航海性能;seak and kill~对目标的搜索杀伤能 力 ability seakeeping ~ 耐 波 性 , 适 航 性 ;spotting ~ 落 点 能 力 (把 货 物 送 到 货 舱 任 一 点 的 能 力);station-keeping~定位能力 ability stopping ~ 停 止 能 力 ;submerged self-ascending ~ 潜 水 自 升 能 力 ;turning ~ 旋回 能 力;wetting~亲水性; ability turning~with large rudder angle 大舵角回转性能;weight-carrying~载重能力;yaw checking~纠(正航)向能力 ABK=wetted surface area of bilge keels 舭龙骨湿水面积(左右两舷的) ABL=armoured box launcher 装甲箱式发射器 ablation 消融,消蚀,烧蚀,剥落,磨削 ablution 清洗,洗净液 abnormal 不正常的,反常的 abnormality 1.反常,异常 2.紊乱.破坏,违反 ~ of mark 航标失常 aboard 上船,在船上,靠舷 all ~(令)全体上船!请上船! abohm 电磁欧姆(CGS 电磁制电阻单位=10-9 欧姆 abort(ion)1.故障,失灵,失事,失败 2.紧急停车 above -critical 超临界的 above-thermal 超热的 above-water 水上部分的(船体),水上的 A-bracket尾轴架,人字架 abradability 磨损度 abradant 1.磨料,研磨剂 2.研磨用的 abrade 1.磨损,研磨 abrasion 1.磨损 2.冲蚀,海蚀 marine~海蚀,浪蚀 abrasion-proof 抗磨的,耐磨的 abrasion-resistance 抗磨性,耐磨性 abrasion-resistant 耐磨的 abrasive 1.磨料,研磨剂 2.磨掉的 airborne ~气载磨料(如送入发动机气缸内) abrator 1.抛丸(清理机)2.喷丸清理 abreast 1.并列(指船舶行进时),并靠(指船舶)2.并排(如舱口)

line ~横队,并列成一线(指船队);wind~横风 ABS=American Bureau of Shipping 美国船级社 A.B.S=American Bureau of Standards 美国标准局 abs.=absolute 绝对的,确定的,无限制的 abs.=absorption 吸收,吸附作用 abs.=abstract(s) 提要,简介,文摘 abs. Alt.=absolute altitude 绝对高度 abscissa 横坐标 ABSD=advance base sea dock (美)前沿基地海上浮船坞 ABSD=advance base section dock (美)前沿基地分段式浮船坞 Abs.E=absolute error 绝对误差 absiemens 电磁西门子(CGS 电磁制电导单位=10-9 西门子) absolute 绝对的,确定的,无限制的 atmosphere~绝对大气压 absorb 吸收,减震,缓冲,承担(费用) absorbability 吸收性 absorbent 吸收剂 carbon~活性碳吸收剂;carbon dioxide(CO2)~二氧化碳吸收剂,regenerative type~再生 式吸收剂 absorber 1.吸收剂,吸收体,吸收器 2.阻尼器,缓冲器,减震器 3.吸收电路 absorber acoustic shock~声响冲击吸收器;air cushion shock~气垫减震器;alpha~α 射线吸 收体;annular~环形吸收体(反应堆的) absorber beta~β 射线吸收体;carbon-dioxide~二氧化碳吸收体;coil spring shock~弹簧圈减 震器;dynamic vibration~动力减震器;flash~消焰器;foamed plastic shock~泡沫塑料减震 器;friction shock 磨擦减震器 absorber gamma~γ 射线吸收体;gyro shock~陀螺仪减震器;heat~吸热器;horizontal shock~ 水平减震器;hydraulic shock~液力减震器;impact energy~缓冲器,冲击能吸收器;lead~铅吸 收体;moisture~吸湿剂,水分吸收体 absorber neutron~中子吸收体;oil shock~油减震器;oscillation~减震器,缓冲器;piston-type shock~活塞式减震器 absorber pneumatic shock ~ 气 压 式 减 震 器 ;radioactivity~ 放 射 性 物 质 吸 收 体 ;rubber disk shock~橡皮盘减震器 ;shock~ ;减震器 ,阻尼器,缓冲器 ;sound~减音材 料,减音器 ;spring shock~弹簧减震器;submarine carbon dioxide~潜艇二氧化碳吸收装置;torsional vibration~ 减扭震器;vertical shock~垂直减震装置;vibration~减震器;wave~消波装置(试验水池的) absorptance 吸收系数 absorptiometer1.(液体)溶(吸)气计 2.吸收(比色,光度计) absorption 吸收,吸附作用 absorption acoustic~声吸收;atmospheric~大气吸收;chemical~化学吸收;dielectric~介质 吸收;energy~能量吸收; absorption gas~吸气作用;ground~地面吸收,大地吸收;heat~吸热,热量吸收;ion-exchange resin~离子交换树脂吸附作用 absorption metallic ~ 金 属 吸 收 ; moisture ~ 湿 气 吸 收 ;net ~ 净 吸 收 ;nuclear ~ 核 吸 收;radiation~辐射吸收;resonance 谐振吸收,共振吸收 absorption sound ~ 场 吸 收 ;specific ~ 吸 收 率 , 吸 收 系 数 , 吸 收 比 ;spectral ~ 频 谱 吸

收;vibration~减震;volume~体积吸收,容积吸收;water~吸水(率) absorptivity 吸收率,吸收系数,吸收性能 sound~吸声性能 abstract 1.提要,简介,文摘 2.引出,提取 3.抽象的,理论的 abstraction 1.提要,简介,2.引出,提取 3.抽象 4.分离,发散 heat~散热,热量发散 abs.visc.=absolute viscosity 绝对粘度 aburton 横向堆列,横排(桶装货物在舱中堆装法之一) abut 1.座,支承 2.端 3.毗连,邻接 abutment 1.座,支承,支柱 2.对接的 3.桥墩,岸墩,邻接 abutting 1.撑在---上的 2.凸出的 3.毗连的,邻接的 4.对接的 abvolt 电磁伏特(CGS 电磁制电压单位=10-8 伏特) abysmal 深海的,深渊的 abyss 深海(指水深在 800 米以上) abyssal 深海的,深渊的 abyssalpelagic 深海海面的 AC=account current 活期存款,往来帐户 AC=air condense 1.空气冷凝器 2.空气电容器 AC=air-cooled(空)气冷(却)的 AC=alternating current 交流电 AC=anticorrosion 防腐蚀 AC=anti-corrosive 防腐的,防蚀的 AC=area under cut-up 船舶首尾端从基线升高部分以下面积 AC=centerline plane area up to the waterline 至水线的中线面面积 AC=collier 运煤船 AC=cushion area 气垫面积 A.C.=aftercastle 尾楼 A.C.=alternating component 交流分量,交流成份 A/C=air compressor 空气压缩机 A/C=air conditioning 空调,空气温湿度调节 A/C=alter course to--- 改变航向到--Ac=actinium 锕 Ac=altocumulus 高积云 Ac=calculated altitude 计算高度 aC=abcoulomb 电磁库仑(CGS 电磁制电荷单位,=10 库仑=1 毕奥秒) ac=accumulator 1.储能器,蓄压器 2.蓄电池 ac=aircraft 飞机,飞行器 a/c=account 计算书,(商)帐,会计科目 ACA=American Communications Associations 美国通信协会 ACA=automatic circuit analyzer 自动电路分析器 1.高等(专科)院校 2.研究院(所),(科)学院 3.学会 China Ship Research and Development~(CSRDA)中国舰船研究院;Chinese~of Sciences 中国科学院;US Coast Guard 美国海军学院 ACAS=automatic collision avoidance system 自动防撞系统

ACAV=automatic circuit analyzer and verifier 自动电路分析器与检验器 ACB=air circuit breaker 空气断路器 ACB=automatic circuit breaker 自动断路器 ACC=automatic control system certified(ABS) (美国船级社船级标志)有人机舱自控遥控 ACC,acc=acceleration(linear)线加速度 A.C.C=automatic combustion control 燃烧自动控制 A/cc=aircraft carrier 航空母舰 acc=accepted 已接收的,已验收的 acc=accorking to--- 依照,按照,根据 acceleration 加速器,催速剂 corrosion~催蚀剂 acceleration 加速度 acceleration ~from rest 起动加速度;~of circulation 环流加速度;~of transportation 运输加 速度;~of wind 风加速度,风力增强(船逆风转弯时);absolute~绝对加速度;allowable~1.容许 加速度,容许(动力)过载;angular~角加速度;automatic~自动加速(度);average~平均加速 度 ;axial ~ 轴 向 加 速 度 ;bow ~ 船 首 ( 部 ) 加 速 度 ;brief ~ 短 暂 加 速 度 ;case ~ 壳 体 加 速 度;centrifugal~离心加速度;centripetal 向心加速度; acceleration circular~圆周加速度,旋转加速度;complementary~补充加速度;constant~恒加 速度;constrainted~受抑制加速度;convective~对流加速度;cross~交叉加速度;diving~下潜 加速度;drag~减速度,负加速度;engine~发动机加速;gravitational~重力加速度;heave~垂直 加速度;horizontal~水平加速度;initial~初始加速度;instantaneous~瞬时加速度 accelerator 加速器 , 加速剂,促进剂 ignition~(柴油)点火加速器;linear~线加速器 accelerograph 加速度自记仪 accelerometer 加速度表,过荷传感器 accentuator (无)1.加重电路,音频强化器 2.振幅加强电路 acceptable 容许的,可接受的,合格的 acceptance 接收,验收,采纳;(商)承兑,承保,认付 ~for honour(商)参加承兑;~of notice of acceptance 接受船方准备就绪通知单;~ payable( 商 ) 应 付 承 兑 票 ; ~ receivable( 商 ) 应 受 承 兑 票 ;absolute ~ ( 商 ) 单 纯 承 兑 , 单 纯 认 付;clear~(商)单纯承兑,单纯认付;~of shafting 轴系安装验收;formal~正式验收;gemera;~ (商)普通承兑 acceptor 1.接受器 2.受主(半导体的)3.带通电路,谐振回路 4.承兑人 ACCESS=automatic computer controlled electronic scanning system 计算机(电脑)自动控制电 子扫描系统 access 1.通道,进入口 2.机械维修空间,接触调整孔 3.(计)存取,选取,捷径 access ~to modern technology 利用现代技术;direct~(计)直接取数,直接承取;emergency 应 急出口;parallel~(计)并行存取;file~(计)文件存取;port-side~舷边装卸口;random~(计)随机 存 取 ;serial ~ ( 计 ) 串 行 存 取 ;side loading ~ 船 舷 边 装 卸 通 道 ;stern loading ~ 船 尾 装 卸 通 道;storage~(计)存储器存取 accessibility 可达性,可近性,方便性,(计)取存方便性 accessible 可到达的,可进入的,易装卸的(海岸,岛屿,码头) accessory(复)accessories (复)辅助设备,属具,附件;工(艺)装(备);附属的,辅助的 boiler~锅炉辅助设备;die~(复)压模附件;welding~焊接辅助设备

accident 事故,故障,失事,遇险,偶然性 start-up~起动事故 accident-prone 事故倾向性 ACCM.L=accommodation ladder 舷梯 accommodation 1.居住舱室 2.舱室布置 3.设备,供应 4.适应,调节 5.床位,容纳能力 6.货款, 通融资金 accommodation ~for personnel 人员居住舱位;人员容纳能力;aft~船尾住舱;amidship~舯 部住舱;berthing~停泊设备,系船设备;captain's~船长室;cold storage~冷藏室;crew's~船员 舱 ;forward ~ 船 首 住 舱 ;harbour ~ 港 口 设 备 ;living ~ 居 住 舱 , 生 活 舱 ;luggage ~ 行 李 舱;midship~舯部住舱;officers~高级船员舱;passengers'~客舱;port~港口容纳量;sleeping~ 卧舱;storage~贮藏舱;underdeck~甲板下住舱 accomplish 计算书;核算,计算,估计,考虑,(商)帐,帐户,会计科目,利益,价值 account ~of receipts and payments 收支(帐目)表;~payable 应付帐款;~receivable 应收帐 款;~rendered 付款催单;cost~成本会计;current~往来帐户;weight~重量明细表,重量计算书 accounting 会计(学) ACCPO=Administrative Committee on Coordination Pertaining to Oceanography 海 洋 学 协 调 管理委员会 accretion 增加,结合,淤积, ~of river bed 河床淤积;ice ~结冰 accumulatiom 积累,累加,存储,油田储量 ~of capital 资本积累;~of heat 储热,蓄热;~of oil 石油聚集;~of pressure 蓄压;~of stress 应力集中;air~蓄气;carbon~积炭;electronic~电子聚焦;ice~on ship 船舶积冰;marine~海积; accumulator 储能器,蓄电池,存储器, acid~酸性蓄电池;compressed air~压缩空气瓶; accuracy 精度,精确度,准确度 ~in computation 计算精度;~in firing 射击精度;~in(of) measurement 测量精度;~of analysis 分析精度;~of instrument 仪表精度;absolute~绝对精度;computational~计算精度; dimensional~尺寸精度;positioning~定位精度;relative~相对精度 A.C.E.=automatic computing equipment 自动计算设备 acentrie 离开中心的 acetone 丙 酮 acetylene 乙炔 acid 酸 acid-fast 耐酸的 acidimeter PH 计 acidity 酸度,酸 性 boiler~锅炉水酸性 acidization 酸化,酸处理 acidizing 酸化处理 acid-proof 耐酸的 acker 海啸,怒潮 acknowledge 承认,确认,收到,领谢 acknowledg(e)ment 承认,确认,收到,领谢, (商)回单,肯定答应 aclinal 无磁倾的,无倾角的,水平的

ACMRR=Advisory Committee on Marine Resources Research 海洋资源研究咨询委员会 (联合 国粮农组织) acockbill 吊锚(抛锚前准备);吊锚状态;悬吊 ! ACOMR=Advisory Committee on Oceanic Meteorological Research 海洋气象研究咨询委员会 (属世界气象组织) ACOPS=Advisory Committee on Oil Pollution of the Sea (英)海洋石油污染咨询委员会 acorn 柱头 railing~栏杆柱头 acoustics 声学,声响,声响效果 acoustilog 声波测井仪 acoustimeter 声级仪,噪声计 acoustodynamic 声动力的 acoustoelastic 声弹性的 acoustoelectric声电的 acoustoelectronics 电子声学 acoust-subsea 水底声测系统 acqualung 潜水呼吸器 acquisition 发现,捕获,拦截,采购,征购 ACR=automatic controller 自动控制器,自动调节器 ACR=automatic current regulator 自动电流调节器 ACRE=automatic checkout and readiness equipment (美)自动检查与准备系统 a.c.rel=alternating -current relay 交流继电器 acress 横移,横越,跨接,交叉 acrotorque 最大扭力 ACRS=American Canal Society 美国运河学会 Act 法规 act 证(明)书,动作,作用,生效, ACTE=automatic checkout test equipment 自动检查试验装置 actinograph 辐射仪,日射仪,光能测定仪 actinicity 光化性,光化度,光化作用 actinometer 感光计,光线强度计 actinomety 曝光测定术 action 动作,作用,战斗,诉讼 action ~at a distance 远距信作用;back~反作用;balancing~平衡作用;braking~制动作 用;buffer~缓冲作用;control~控制作用;controller~控制器作用;cooling~冷却作用; correcting ~ 校 正 作 用 ; differential ~ 差 动 作 用 ; direct ~ 直 接 作 用 ; directive ~ 定 向 作 用 ;discontinuous controller~ 不 连续 控 制器 作用 ;electrolytic ~ 电 解 作 用 ;false~ 误 动作 ; flow-straightening~整流作用; galvanic~电镀作用; heating~加热作用; indirect~间接作用; internal 内部作用;on-off~开关动作;oxidizing~氧化作用;proportional~比例作用 action reciprocating~往复作用; reducing~还原作用, 减小作用; regenerative~再生作用; reset~复位动作;rudder~舵作用;sampling~取样,选样;scouring~冲刷作用;scrubbing 刷 洗 作 用 ; shielding ~ 屏 蔽 作 用 ; shock ~ 冲 击 作 用 ;two-position(two-step) ~ 双 位 作 用;ulterior~长远效果作用;wave~波浪作用;wedging~楔入作用 activation 激活,触发,开动,启动

activator 激励器,活化剂,助媒剂 activity 放射性,能动性,活动,作用,业务 activity absorption~吸附作用; chemical~化学活性; contracting 订合同业务; development~ 开发工作;engineering~设计活动;ordering ~订货方,订货业务;preparing~准备活动,准 备方;procuring~采购活动,订购方;receiving~接收行动,接货方;research~研究活动; review~审批鉴定方;user~使用方 actual 实际的,现实的,有效的,现行的 actuation 开动,操纵,驱动,激励 actuator 执行机构,传动机构,油缸,调速控制器 actuator control-surface~操纵面传动装置,控制面操纵机构;electric~电力传动机构; electrical -control~电控执行机构,电控传动装置;electrohydraulic~电控液压执行机构,电 控液压传动装置;electropneumatic~电力气动执行机构,电力气动传动装置;hydraulic~液 压执行机构,液压传动装置;power-assisted 伺服传动装置;pneumatic~气动执行机构,气 压传动装置; actuator propeller pitch(changing)~螺旋桨螺距调节器;servo~伺服传动装置;throttle~节流 阀执行装置;valve~阀门执行机构;rudder hydraulic~液压操舵油缸 acuity 分辨能力,鉴别力,尖锐,锋利 A.D=developed blade area (螺)叶片展开面积 A.D.=after draft 船尾吃水 A-D=analog -to digital 模拟-数字的(转换) A/D=analog(ue)-to -digital 模拟-数字的(转换) adaptability 适应性,灵活性,可用性,匹配性 adaptation 适应,适合,匹配,配合 ~of product 产品适应性;~of supply-to -demand 对供求的适应性,供求一致;~to local condition 因地制宜 adapter 接头, (无)适配器,转接器,拾波器,拾音器,附加器,接合链环组(指锚链前 端链节与锚卸扣间连接的锚环组) adapter bulkhead~舱壁管接头;cam~凸轮接合器;channel~通道适配器;disc~磁盘适配 器;double female~双头内螺纹接头;electrode~焊条夹;female~内螺纹接头;male~外螺 纹接头;plug~插头;middle~中适配器;upper~上适配器;valve~阀接头;valve operator 阀门操纵转换器 adaption 适应,匹配 self~自适应;wake~适(应)伴流,顺应伴流场 adaptive 自适应的,适配的 add 加,增加,附加,加法 Add=Addendum 附录,补遗 addend 加数, (第一)被加数,附加物 adder 加法器,加法电路,求和组件 adder-subtracter 加减器 adding (内河船队的)加驳 addition 加法,增加,追加,添加剂,杂质,扩建部分 additive 添加,添加剂,辅助的,附加的 address (集装箱的)箱位坐标, (商)委托, (计)地址;演说,建议 addresse 收信人,收货人

addresser 发信人,发货人,署名人 addressing (计)寻址,定址 ADD.S.G=additional side girder 附加边桁材 adeqacy 恰当,适当性 design~设计适当性 adequate 适当的,恰当的,充分的,可胜任的 adequation 适当,修整,等价,等效 ~of stress 应力均匀化 adhere 粘附,附着,支持,严格遵守 adherence 粘附,附着,流入,严守 adhesion 粘附,附着,附着力 electrostatic~静电附着;magnetic~磁性附着 adhesive 粘结剂,胶合剂,胶粘的,粘附的 epoxy~环氧粘合剂;rapid-curing(fast-curing)快速固化胶粘剂 adhesiveness 粘性,附着性,胶粘度 adhesivity 粘附,粘着 adiabat 绝热线 adiabatic(al) 绝热的,不传热的 adj.=adjacent 相邻的 adj.sp=adjustable speed 可调速度 adjust 调整,校准,调节 ~an average 海损理算;fine~精调;zero~零点调整,归零,零位调整 adjustable 可调整的,可校准的 adjuster 调整器,校准器,装配工,海损理算师 adjustment 调整,校准,调节,校正 adjustment ~in direction 方向校正;~of data 数据调整;~under load 带电校正, 带负荷调 整;accurate~精调;automatic hydraulic~自动液压调整;bracket~托架调整;clearance~间隙调 整;coarse~粗调;compass~罗经调整,罗经校正;feedback~反馈调整,;fine~精调;initial~初 调;manual~手调;minute~精调;scale~按比例调整, 调整比例尺;speed~调速;timing~定时调 整;valve tappet~阀门顶杆调整;weather~气候调节 ADK=awning deck 遮阳甲板 admeasurement 外形尺寸 State Oceanic ~,China 中国国家海洋局 administration 管理(机构) ,主管部门,行政,行政机关,治理 harbour superintendency 港务监督;national~国家管理机构 admiral 舰队司令,商船队长 admissible 容许的,可采纳的 admission 进给,输入,进水,进汽,承认,接纳,入会(许可) air~进气;external~外进气;retarded~延迟进气;single~单向进给;tangential 切向进给 admit 进汽,进气,引入,许可,容许 admittance 导纳,公差,进气,进入,输入端 admixture 混合物,掺和物 adrift 漂移的,漂流的(指船失锚、断缆、无动力时在风浪下的被动漂移) ADS=Association of Diesel Specialists,U.S.A. 美国柴油机专家协会

ADS=automatic drafing system 自动给图机 adsobent 吸附物质,吸声材料 adsorbability 吸附性 adsorbate 被吸附物 adsorber 吸附器 activated carbon~活性炭吸附器 adsorption 吸附,吸附作用 advance 前进(沿船向) ,进程(螺旋桨叶片的)(商)预付款项,涨价 , advance ~by overdraft 透支; ~in cash 垫款; ~in price 涨价; ~of admission 进气提前; ~ of exhaust release 排气提前;~of waves 波的传播;~per revolution 每转进程;~s against collateral 需要担保的贷款;angular~角度提前;cash~现金预付;coupling~联轴接前置量; crack~裂纹延展;exhaust~排气提前;ignition~发火提前,点火提前;in~预先,预付; injection~喷射提前;phase~相位提前;spark~点火提前 advanced 先进的,改进的,超前的,提前的 phase advancer (相位)超前补偿器 advancing 正车,前进 advantage 利益,效益,优点,优势 mechanical~机械效益,机械增益 advection 移流,平流(大气或海流水平方向移动) adventure 冒险,投机, adventurer 冒险家(指不合航行规则的船舶) advice 通知,忠告,劝告,建议, (复)报道,消息 ~for collection(商)托收委托书;~of arrival 到货通知;~of drawing 支票通知书, 汇票通知书 adviser 顾问 ~on legal affairs 法律顾问 advisory 气象预报,劝告的,咨询的 ~for gale 大风警报;~for gale and rain 风雨警报;~for heavy rain 大雨警报;~for heavy snow 大雪警报;meteorological~气象预报;radar~雷达导航;weather~天气预报 AE=air escape 放气管 AE=arithmetic element 运算单元 AE=auxiliary engine 辅机 A.E.=after end 船尾端,后端 A-end 液压传动机构的 A 端 aemu=absolute electromagnetic unit 绝对电磁单位 aeolotropic 各向异性的,非均质的 aeolotropy 各向异性 AER=after engine room 后机舱 aeration 充气,通气, aerator 充气器,通气器,松砂器 aerial 天线(见 antenna) ,架空线,天线的,空中的,空气的 aerial ~active ~有源天线;crossed-loop~交叉环形天线;artificial~仿真天线;auxiliary vertical~辅助垂直天线;dummy~仿真天线;emergency~应急天线,备用天线;fixed loop~固 定环状天线;loop~环状天线;main~主天线;parasitic~无源天线;radar~雷达天线;radio~无

线电天线;tuned~调谐天线 AERO=aeronautical 航空的 aero空气,飞机,航空 aerocraft 航空器,飞机 aerodrome 机场 aerodynamics 空气动力学 aeroelasticity 气动弹性(力学) aeromancy 天气预报 aerometer气体比重计 aerosolization 雾化散布 ~of jet fuel 喷气燃料雾化 AF=antifouling 防污 affair (复)事务,业务 affiliate (商)联营,联号 affinity 亲合性,亲和力 affluent 支流,汇流的,丰富的 afflux 汇入,流向,集流 affreighter 租船者 affreightment 租船契约,托运合同,运输契约 afloat 漂浮的,在海上,在船上,船货,业务(开张) joining ship sections ~ 水 上 合 拢 ;life ~ 海 上 生 活 ;outfitting ~ 码 头 边 舾 装 , 水 上 舾 装;service~海上勤务 afore 在船艏,在---前 AFP=approval for full production 批准正式生产 AFR=acceptable failure rate 容许故障率 A-frame A 形框架 ~in rigging A 形起重机 AFT=audio-frequency transformer 音频变换器 AFT=automatic fine tuning 自动微调 aft 在船尾,近船尾,在后部的 ~of bow 自船首向后;fine-cut~尖船尾;right~在后面,正向船尾;round~圆形船尾; aft-engined 尾机的(指机舱在船尾部的) after 船尾(的) ,在船尾后, (在---)以后,后期的,依照,仿照 after-bay 下游塘,下游河湾 afterbirth 随船滑架 afterburner 加力燃烧室,补燃器 afterburning 后燃现象,迟燃现象,脉动燃烧 aftercastle 船尾楼 aftercondenser 后冷凝器 air~空气后冷凝器 aftercooler 后冷却器,烟气冷却器 aftercooling 再(次)冷(却) ,二次冷却 aftercurrent 剩余电流 afterdeck 后甲板

after(-)dripping 喷油后的燃烧 after-edge 后缘 aftereffect 后效应,副作用 afterend 后端,船尾端 after(-)expansion 后期膨胀,残余膨胀 after-funnel 后烟囱 afterglow 余辉 afterguy 船尾张索 afterhatch后舱口 afterhold 后货舱 after-igintion 延迟点火 afterlight 船尾(航行)灯 aftermast 后桅 aftermost 临船尾的,最后的,靠近船尾的 afterpart 后部(船体的) afterpeak 船尾尖舱 after-perpendicular 船尾垂线 after-piece 尾材 ~of rudder 舵叶尾材 after-plating 船尾部外板 after-poppet 船尾下水架 after-purification 最后净化 afterservice 售后服务 after-sheer 船尾舷弧 afterspring 船尾倒缆 aftertow 船尾浪,随浪 ~of wave 船尾浪,随浪 aftertreatment 后处理,二次处理 after-working 后效(应) aftpeak 尾尖舱 age 使用寿命,工作期限,老化 ag(e)ing 老化,时效,风干,变质 Agency 局、厅、署、机构 Agency for International Development 国际开发署 Europen Space Agency 欧洲航天局 International Atomic Energy Agency 国际原子能机构 Maritime Disaster Inquiry Agency 海事仲裁厅 agency 代理公司,代办(处) ,经办,作用,手段, (经销行) concerned~有关经办商;procuring~采购代理 agenda (单数为 agendum) 议程,议事日程 agent 剂,媒介物,代理商 ~of addition 添加剂;~of dilution 稀释剂;~of fusion 熔剂;~of oxidation 氧化剂;~of reduction 还原剂;~of stabilization 稳定剂;activating~激活剂,活性剂;anti-blushing~防潮 剂;anticorrosive~防蚀剂;antifreezing~防冻剂;antiknock~抗爆剂;antirusting~防锈剂

agent blowing~发泡剂;catalytic~催化剂;chemical~化学药剂;cleaning~清洗剂; cooling~冷却剂;corroding~腐蚀剂;curing~固化剂;drying~干燥剂;extinguishing~灭 火剂;solvent~溶剂; agglomeration 烧结 aggregate 机组,组合体, diesel-compressor~柴油(机)压缩机组;diesel-dynamo~柴油直流发电机组;hydraulic pump~液压泵机组;turbine~涡轮机组 agility 敏捷,灵活 agitation 搅拌,激发,励磁 agitator 搅拌器 mud~泥浆搅拌器 A(GL) (德国船级社船级标志)有人机舱,主机遥控 agreement 协议,协定,契约,合同,同意,一致,符合 lease~租赁合同;purchase~购买合同; aground 搁浅,坐滩,触礁 AH=access hole 人孔,检查孔,进出孔,交通孔 ahead 向前,船前方,正车 ~and stern(可)倒顺车;~one 前进一;~three 前进三,全速前进;dead~正前方;full speed~全速前进;half speed~半速前进;right~正前方;slow~低速前进;touch~微速前进 aheading 正 车 AI=artificial intelligence 人工智能 aid 借助,援助,辅助设备,器具 first~急救包,急救;marine radio~船用无线电设备;navigational~导航设备,助航设 备;optical~光学设备;radio~to navigation 无线电导航设备;ship radio navigation 船载无线电导 航设备;radar and television ~to navigation 雷达电视导航设备; aim 目标,瞄准,引导,制导 aiming 瞄准,引导,制导 air 空气,大气,空中,气动的,吹风 air actuating ~ 起 动 空 气 ; ambient ~ 环 境 空 气 ; blast~ 鼓 风 ; combustion 燃 烧 空 气 ; compressed~压缩空气;conditioned~空调处理(过的)空气;control~控制用气;cooling~ 冷却空气;draw-in~吸入空气;draw-off~抽出空气;dry~干燥空气;excess~过量空气; exhaust~排气;foul~污染的空气;free~大气 air fresh~新鲜空气;high-pressure~高压空气;humidified~湿润空气;maneuvering~操纵 空气;operating~工作空气;pilot~操纵、控制空气;standard~标准大气;still~静止空气; main(combustion)一次空气,主燃空气;auxiliary~辅空气,二次空气;tertiary 三次空气 air-actuated 气动的 air-atomized 空气雾化的 airblast 鼓风,喷气(器) airblower 鼓风机,吹风机 airboat 空气推进艇 airborne 空中的,航空的,机载的 airbox 气箱 airbrake 空气制动器,空气刹车装置 airbraking 气制动,气刹车

airburst 空中爆炸 air-casing 气套,气隔层 aircock 气门 air-conditioned 空调的 air-conditioner 空调装置,空调器 air-conditioning 空调,空气调节 air-content 空气含量 air-controlled 气控的 air- cooled 气冷的 aircooler 空气冷却器 air- cooling 气冷 air-craft 飞机,飞行器 air-dried 风干的 air-driven 气动的 air-drum 气筒,气鼓 airduct 通风管 air-feeding 进气,供气 airflow 气流 airforce 空军,空气动力,风力 air-heater 空气加热器 air-hydraulic 气动液压的 airing 空气干燥(法) ,风干,通气,充气 airlift 空运,空气提升机 airline 空气管路,航空线 air-lock 密封舱,气塞,用气塞堵住 air-meter 风速计 air-motor 航空发动机 air-operated 气动的,用空气操纵的 air-pipe 通风管,通气管 airplane 飞机 air-pocket 气穴,气阱 airport 舷窗,通气口,航空港 air-portable 可空运的 air-powered 气动的 airproof 气密的,不透气的 air-pump (空)气泵 airscoop 进气口,进气道 airscrew 空气螺旋桨 air-seasoned 风干,自然干燥 airspace 空域,大气层 air-testing 压缩空气试验 air-tight 气密的 AI=acetylene 乙炔 alarm 报警,报警器,信号器

alarm acoustic~声响报警器;audible~声响报警(装置);audible and visual~声光报警(装 置);auto(matic)~自动报警器;automatic smoke~测烟式自动报火警器;automatic thermal type fire~测温式自动报火警器;bearing (temperature)~轴承过热报警器;bilge water~船底污水过 满报警器 ;boiler ~ s 锅炉报警器 ;carbon dioxide~施 放 CO2 报警器 ;collision~ 避碰报 警;combined aural and visual~声光报警器; alarm door~门铃;emergency ~应急警报器;fire ~火警,火警器;flag~失灵警旗(仪器指 示器的);fog ~雾航声响信号(包括雾钟、雾锣、雾号等);general~for crews 全员报警装 置;grornd~接地报警器;ground detector~接地检测报警器;heat~过热报警器、信号;high water-level~高水位报警;high temperature~高温报警器、信号;low-low water-level~(锅炉) 过低水位报警;low-oil~低油位报警器、 信号;low-temperature~低温报警器、 信号;low-water~ 低水位报警器、信号;manual ~手动报警器;overflow~溢流信号器、信号;reset~复原信 号;safety~安全报警器;temperature~过热报警器、信号;vital~重要警报,关键性信号;water level~(锅炉)水位报警器;water-leakage~漏水报警器;wire-break~断线报警器 albedo 反照率,扩散反射系数 albrac 铝 砷黄铜(海水冷却管材),耐腐蚀铜合金 albronze 铝 青铜,铜铝合金 alclad 硬铝合金,包铝 的 alcoa 耐蚀铝合金 alcohol 酒精,(乙)醇 alcoholometer 酒精比重计 alcumite 铝青铜,铜铝铁镍耐蚀合金 alee 下风,转舵迎风 alert 警戒,机警的,警惕的 algebra 代数 algorithm 算法 alias 别名,(计)替换入口 alidade 照准仪,测高仪, align对准,瞄准,排列,定位,装定,调整 aligner 对准器,对中心器 pipe~管子对中心器 alignment对准,定位,对准中心(指轴线) ~by flanges 法兰定心;~of bottom casing and bearing seating 下汽缸和轴承座找正;~of line shafting 轴系定位,轴系找正;automatic azimuth~方位角自动调准;effective~有效对 准;electrical~电补偿;normal~常规对准;propulsion shaft~推进轴系对中,轴系找正;shaft~;轴 系定位 alist 船体倾侧 alkalimeter 碱度计 alkaline 碱性,碱性的,含碱的 alkalinity 碱度, boiler~锅炉水碱度 alkalize 碱化,使成碱性,加碱 all 全部,全体,一切,一切的,所有的,完全,十分 ~hand 全体船员(甲板上集合);~hay(heay,high)!全体船员甲板上集合;~hard!加油,全 体用力;~made fast!全体缆绳挽紧;~stop 双车停!;~told 全部容量

all-aft 尾机的,桥楼在船尾部的 all-a-taunt-o 准备出航 all-casted 全铸的 all-directional 全方向的,全定向的 all-electric 全电气化的 alley 通道,走廊 screw~推进器轴隧,尾轴隧 alleyway 通道,走廊 alligatoring 皱裂,裂纹,龟裂 ~of paint 油漆裂纹 allision 碰撞(船舶) allobar 变压区 allocate 分配,配置,部署,配货, allocation 分配,配置,部署,配货, frequency~频率分配,频率配置;function~功能分配,机能分配;optimal~最佳化部署,最 优配置;resource~资源部署 allotment 分派,配给,调配,股份 allotroppe 同素异形体 allotropic 同素异形性的 allotropy 同素异形性 all-out 全功率,总功率,尽快的, allow 容 许的,给,提供,扣除,酌情加(减) ~for 修正 allowable 许可的,容许的 allowance 允差,余量,裕度,修正值,配给,(商)折让,减免,让价 allowance ~for contraction 收缩余量;~for depreciation 折旧提成;~for finish 精加工余 量 ; ~ for machining 机 械 加 工 裕 度 ;additional ~ 额 外 裕 度 ;authorized ~ 规 定 的 供 应 定 额;dimensional~尺度公差;finishing~完工公差,精加工裕度;fresh water~干舷裕量;fuel~燃 油 消 耗 定 额 ;grinding ~ 磨 削 加 工 余 量 ;machine finish ~ 机 械 加 工 裕 度 ;negative ~ 负 公 差;positive~正公差;wear~磨损裕度;zero~零容量 alloy合金,熔合 alloyage 合金法 alloyed 合金的, 熔合的 alloy-steel 合金钢 all-purpose 多功能 的,多用途的,通用的 all-round 全面的,综合性的,全向的,多功能的 all-transistorized 全晶体管化的 all-up 满载重量 alluvion 泛滥,洪水,沙洲 all-weather 全天候的, all-welded 全焊的,全焊体 aloft 船甲板上部,高空 alongshore 沿岸,沿海 alongshoreman 码头工人,装卸工人

alongside 靠拢(码头),靠(他船)船舷,船 边 alongside-port 靠左舷! alongside-starboard 靠右舷! alongst 船艏尾下锚顺泊 alow 在下,向下,在甲板下,接近甲板 alphabet 字母 alphabetize 按字母顺序排列,拼音化 A.L.R.=automatic load regulator 负载自动调节器 altar 梯阶,梯壁(干船坞壁) dock-wall~干船坞壁阶,干船坞台阶 altazimuth 高度方位 alteration 修改(设计`图纸等);变换 ~of name(船)换名;~of policy 保险条款改动;ship~船舶改装;significant~重大改装 alternant 交替的,互换的 alternate 交替,更迭,轮流,区别,比较方案 alternating 交替的,变换的,交流的 alternating-current 交流电 alternating-sign (正负)号交错的 alternation 交错,交替,轮换,比较方案 alternative 交替的,变动的,更迭的,备用的 alternator 交流发电机,振荡器 self-excited~自励交流发电机;shaft ~轴带交流发电机; altigraph 自记测高仪 altimeter 高度表,测高仪 altitude 高度,海拔高,工作高度 AM=amplitude modulation 调幅,振幅调制 am=ammeter 安培 am=amplitude 幅度,振幅,幅值 amass 积累,堆积 ambient 环境,环绕空间,周围的,包围着的 ambiguity 模糊,不明确,双重性,双原子价 ambroin 绝缘塑料 AMDSB=amplitude modulation double sideband 双边带调幅 amend 改正,修订,改变 amendment 改正,修订,修正值,校正值,修正案,更改单,(商)附录 amercement 罚款 amidship-engined 舯机的 amidship(s) 舯部,船中剖面处 amine 胺 amino 氨基的 aminolysis 氨解 ammeter 安培表,电流表 ammonia 氨 liquid~液体氨

ammunition 铵 amortization 阻 尼,缓冲,(商)分期偿还.抓旧 amount 量,值,总计 ~in words 大写金额;~insured 保险金额;~of cable out 抛出锚链长度;~of cloud 云量;~ of sag 挠度,弯度;~of rudder 舵角;~of inclination 倾斜度;~of trim 纵倾;~of secured 提保金 额;additive water~预加水量;effective ~有效冷却水量;specified~规定量;unit~单位量 amp=amplitude 幅度,振幅,幅值 amperage 安培数,电流强度 ampere 安培(电流国际基本单位) ampere-hour 安(培)小时,安时 amperemeter 安培表,电流表 ampere-second 安(培)秒 ampere-turn 安(培)匝(数) ampere-voltmeter 伏安计 ampere-volt-ohmmeter 万用电表 amperite 镇流器 amphibian 两 栖工具 amphiprotic 两性的,两极的,含有正负极的 amplification 放大,加强,增益 dynamic~动态放大;distributed~频带分布放大 amplifier 放大器,增音器 amplifier audio ~ 增 声 器 , 声 频 放 大 器 ;capacity ~ 电 容 耦 合 放 大 器 ;buffer ~ 缓 冲 放 大 器 ;carrier~载波放 大器 ;clock circuit~ 时钟 (同步 )脉冲 电路放大 器 ;control ~控 制放大 器;current~电流放大器;differential~差动放大器;electronic~电子放大器;inductance~电感 耦合放大器;modulated~调制放大器;pluse~脉冲放大器;servo~伺服放大器;wideband~宽带 放大器 amplify 放大,增强 amplitude幅度,振幅,幅值,幅角,距离,作用半径 ~ at resonance 谐 振 幅 值 ;~ of vibration 振 幅 ;~ of wave 波 幅 ;average~ 平 均 振 幅;extreme value~极限幅值;oscillation 振荡幅度;peak~最大振幅,峰值 amplitude-modulated (已)调幅的,振幅调制的 AMR=auxiliary machinery room 辅机舱 AMS (美国船级社船级标志)机械和锅炉经认可 AMSSB=amplitude modulation single sideband 调幅单边带 AMTEC=automatic time element compensator 自动延时补偿器 AN=aids to navigation 助航设备 ,导航设备 AMU=antenna matching unit 天线匹配器 an=annual 年度的,周年的 anacoustic 隔声的,弱声的 analog(ue) 模拟,模拟设备 analogue-digital 模拟-数字(转换) analogy 模拟,类似,相似 analyser 分析器,分析仪,计算器 analysis 分析 ,研究,计算,分解

analysis check~校验分析;chemical~化学分析;combustion gas~燃气分析;cost~成本分 析;decision~决策分析;diagnostic~诊断分析;dynamic~动力(特性)分析;element~成分分 析;error~误差分析;fault~故障分析;meteorological~气象分析;performance~性能分析 analysis probabilistic~概率分析;qualitative~定性分析;quantitative 定量分析;risk~风险分 析;safety~安全分析;spread mooring~伸张系泊分析;structural~结构分析;tradeoff~综合分 析 analyst 化验师,分析工作者 analyst-programmer 程序分析员 analyzer 分析器,分析仪,计算器 automatic circuit~自动电路分析器;circuit~电路分析仪;servo~伺服分析器;signal~信 号分析器;sonic noise~噪声分析仪;velocity~速度分析仪 analyzer-indicator 分析指示器 anamorphosis 变形,失真 anastomosis 交叉河流,水网,河网 anasynthesis 分析综合,再综合 anatomt 分解,解剖 anchor 锚,抛锚,锚泊,(电)电枢,衔铁;簧片 anchorage 锚位,锚地,锚泊,停泊税 anchor-handling 起抛锚(作业 ) anchoring抛锚,锚泊 ancillary 辅助设备,附件,辅助的,附属的 ancon 肘(托),悬臂托梁 anemobarometer 风速风压表 anemobiograph 风力记录仪 anemocinemograph 电动风速仪 anemograph 风速自记仪 anemometer 风速表 anemometric 测定风力的 anemorumbometer 风速风向表 angle 角,角度,角钢,观点, angle ~of direction 方向角;~of helm 转舵角;~of pitch 螺距角;~of reflection 反射角;~ of refraction 折射角;~of retard 滞后角 angle crank ~ 曲 柄 角 ;rotation ~ 旋 转 角 ;rudder ~ 舵 角 ;stalling rudder ~ 失 速 舵 角;steering~操舵角 angular 角的,角度的,有角的 angularity 尖,棱角,斜度,弯曲度, anharmonic 非调和的,非谐的 anhydrite 硬石膏 anhydrous 无水的 anion 阴离子,负离子 anion-exchange 阴离子交换(的) anis(o)- 不等,不同,非等同 anisobaric 不等压的 anisoelasticity 非等弹性

anisometric 不等容的,不等周的,不等角的,不等轴的 anisotropic 各向异性的,非均质的,异向性的 anisotropy 各向异性 ann=annals 年鉴,编年史,年表 ann=annealed 已退火的 annals 年鉴,编年史,年表 anneal(ing) 退火 annex(e) 附加物,附件,附属品,附录 annihilation 消灭 wave~消波 annihilator 熄灭器,吸收器,减震器 fire~灭火器 annular 环状的,轮状的, annular-jet 环喷口 annulus 环体,环带,内齿轮 annunciator 信号器,传令指示器 gauge~表式示号器;needle~指针示号器 anode 阳极,屏极,阳极的,屏极的 auxiliary~辅助阳极;galvanic~牺牲阳极;zinc~for protection 防腐锌阳极 anodizing 阳极处理,阳极防腐法,阳极化 anomaly 异常 anorak 带风帽防水衣 answer 回答,应答 answer ~all right 舵灵;~the helm 应舵;too slow 舵效太慢 antarctic 南极,南极的 Antarctica 南极洲 Antarctogea 南极地区(包括新西兰各岛屿) antecedent (数)比例前项,先例,(复)经历 antechamber 预燃室(内燃机的) antenna 天线,触角 active~发射天线;beam~定向天线;birdcage~笼状天线;broadcast~广播天线;circular loop~~圆环状天线;main~主天线;radio whip~无线电鞭状天线;receiving~接收天线 anteroom 客厅,接待室,休息室, anthracite 无烟煤 anti- 【前缀】反,抗,非,防 anti-abrasion 耐磨性 anti-bouncer 减跳装置 anticipate 预料,预测,预期,超前 anticline 【地】(复)背斜(层) anti-clockwise 逆时针(方)向的 anticlogging 防堵塞的,防结渣的 anti-clutter 防杂波干扰,防海浪干扰 anti-coherer 散屑器,反粘合器 anticollision 避碰,防撞

anticorrosion 抗腐蚀 anticorrosive 防腐的,抗蚀的,防锈漆 anticountermeasures 抗干扰 anticyclogenesis 反气旋发生,反气旋增强 anticyclolysis 反气旋消失,反气旋减弱 anticyclone 反气旋,反旋风 antidamping 反阻尼 anti -dazzle 防眩 antiderivative (数)反导数,反微商 antidetonant 防爆剂 antidetonation 防爆,抗爆 antidetonator 抗爆剂,防爆剂 anti-drag 减阻(力的) antielectron 反电子,阳电子 antiencrustant 防水锈剂 ,防水垢剂 anti-flashanti-flash 防闪的 anti-fluctuator 缓冲器 antifom 防沫 antifoulant 防污(底)涂料,防海生物涂料 marine~防污(底)涂料,防海生物涂料 antifouling 防污的,防污底的,防海生物的 electrolysis~电解海水防污 antifreeze 防冻剂,防冻液 antifreezing 防冻(的) anti-friction 抗磨擦,减磨擦 antifrosting 防霜(冻的) antigas 防毒气的 antiglare 防强光的,防眩的 anti-hum 交流声抑制,静噪,噪声抑制 antihunt 反搜索,【无】阻尼的,防震的,稳态的 anti-icer 防冰设施,防冻装置 anti-interference 【无】抗干扰,反干扰 anti-jamming 【无】抗干扰,反干扰 antiknock 防爆的,抗爆的,抗震的,消震的 antilogarithm 【数】反对数,真 数 antimagnetic 防磁的,抗磁扰的 antimoist 防潮的 anti-monsoon 反季风 antinode 波腹,腹点 antinoise 抗噪声的,防噪声的, anti-oxidant 抗氧化剂,防老化剂 anti-oxidation 抗氧化性 anti-phase 【电】反相(位),逆相 antipitching 抗纵摇的,减纵摇的

antipitting 防麻点腐蚀(的),防过浸蚀(的) antipole 反极 antipollution 反污染 antiproton 负质子,反质子 anti-rattler 消声器,防震器 anti-resonance 反谐振,反共振 antirolling 抗横摇(的),,防横摇(的) anti-rumble 消声器的 anti-rust 防锈,耐锈(的) antiscale 防垢(剂) antiseep 防渗漏 antiseize 防卡住,防粘,防址裂 antiseptics 防腐剂 antiskidding 防滑的 antisplash防溅污,挡泥 antispray 防溅,防飞溅 antisqueak 消音器,减声器 antistall 防失速 antistatic 抗静电的 anti-surge减纵荡 antisymmetric 反对称的,非对称的 antisymmetry 反对称(性) anti-twist 防绞(绳索) antivibrator 防振器,减振器 antiwear 抗磨的,耐磨的 anvil(铁)砧,钻板 hammer~锤砧 AO=access opening 检修孔,入口,入孔 AO=altitude ,observed 观测高度 AP=acid-proof 耐酸的,防酸的 AP=after perpendicular 尾垂线 AP=afterpeak 尾尖舱 AP=air pipe 空气管,通气管,空气管路 APC=automatic phase control 自动相位控制 APC=automatic program control 自动程序控制 A.P.C.=automatic power control 自动功率控制 apeak 竖着(指锚、桨) ,立锚(收缩锚链将锚)拉成竖立状态 anchor~立锚!锚正离底! aperiodic aperture 孔,孔径,缝隙, 【射】主喷咀 static~静压口;ventilating~通风孔 aphelion 远日点,远核点 aphotic 无光射海区 apomecometer 测距仪

aport 在左舷,向左舷 APP=auxiliary power plant 辅助动力设备 APP.=appendix 附录,补遗 apparatus 设备,装置,仪器,机械 apparatus A.C. electric propulsion ~ 交 流 电 力 推 进 装 置 ; air-charging ~ 充 气 设 备 ; air-conditioning~空调设备;air-cooling~气冷设备;atmosphere -controlling~空气(温湿度) 控制设备; automatic load limitation 自动限制负荷装置, 自动卸载装置; automatic regulating~ 自动调整器; blast~鼓风装置; buoyant~救生浮具; clamp(ing)夹具, 锁紧装置; condensing~ 冷凝装置;control~控制设备;cooling~冷却装置; apparatus life saving~救生设备;line throwing~抛绳设备;marine electric~船舶电气设备; master~主要仪器,主要部件, (水压计程仪)中心仪;oil-burning~燃油设备;recording~ 自(动)记(录)仪;rescue~救助设备;sounding~测深仪; apparatus switch~开关设备,转换设备;tension control~张力控制器;vacuum~真空装置; welding~焊接设备 apparel 船具 apparent 明显的,能被观察到的,表现的, APPC=automatic power plant 自动电源设备检验器 appearance 外观,外貌,出现 appendage 附(属)体,(船体的)附属体 appendix (【复】-dices 或-dixes) 附录,补遗 appliance 装置,附属设备,仪表 boat-handing ~s 小艇起卸装置;closing~关闭装置;conveying~输送装置;drainage~s 排水装置;lifting~起吊装置;marine light~船用灯具;mooring~系缆具;protective~防护装 置;safety~安全设备,保险装置;ventilation~通风设备 applicability 适用性 applicant 【商】申请人,投保人 application 应用,使用,适用范围,申请(书) ~for exchange 申请外汇;~for negotiation of draft (under letter of credit)【商】(以信用 证抵押)出口押汇申请书;~for export permit【商】输出许可(证)申请书;~of load 加载,加负 荷;on~【商】承索(即奉上);shipping~【商】托 运 单 applicator洒施机,撒药机,施放装置 fog~烟雾施放器;portable foam~可 移式泡沫施放装置;water fog~水雾施放装置 apply 适用,应用,作用,施加 appointment 约定,任命,命令,【 复】设备 ~and performance【商】委托办理;by~【商】按约,依照规约,经预先约定 apportionment 【商】分派,分配,分摊, appr.=approximate 近似的,接近,逼近 appraisal 鉴定,评价, technical ~for prodrct 产品技术鉴定书 appraiser 鉴定人,【商】估价者 appreciation 【商】涨价;估价,评价,鉴赏 ~of fixed assets apprentice 实习生,学徒 approach 接近,驶近,入口,进入航道,引桥,方法,近似法,计算法,办法,途径

classical~经典方法,传统方法;alternative design ~es 多方案论证比较法;final~最终目 标,最后入口;statistical~统计处理(法);traditional~传统(方)法;unified~统一(方)法;zonal~分 区分段法 appropriation 拨款,经费,专用,挪用,盗用 approval 核定,鉴定,批准 classification society~船级社认可;design~设计审定;new material repeated test and ~ 新材料复验鉴定;plan~图纸审批,图纸认可;shipowner~船东认可; approximate 近似的,接近,逼近 approximation 【数】近似法;近似值,近似关系 appurtenance 属具,装具,配件,辅助设备 hull~船体附件; appx.=appendix 附录,补遗 apron 首舷墙覆板,码头前沿,坞槛,船台末端,保护盖,挡板, funnel~烟囱罩;landing~搭板,跳板,栈桥;dock~坞槛 APS=accessory power supply 辅助电源 A.P.S.=automatic phase shifter 自动移相器 A.P.S.=automatic phase synchronization 自动相位同步 APT=afterpeak tank 尾尖舱 A.P.TK=aft peak tank 尾尖舱 APU=auxiliary power unit 辅助电源设备,辅助动力装置 AQL=acceptable quality level 容许质量水平 APS=auxiliary propulsion system 辅助推进系统 aqua 水,溶液 ~regia 王水 aquadag 胶体石墨,导电敷 层 aquaseal 密封剂(电缆绝缘涂敷用) aqueous 含(水)的 AR=acceptance requirement 验收要求 AR=account receivable 【商】应收帐款 AR=rudder area 舵面积 A.R.=aspect radio 展舷比,长宽比,纵横尺寸比 A.R.=assembly and repair 装配与修理 A/R=all risks against all risks 【商】 承保全部风险 ar.=arrival 到达 araldite 环氧树酯,合成树酯粘结剂 arbitrage 裁判,【商】套汇,套利 arbitrary 任意的,任选的,适宜的 arbitration 【商】仲裁,公断,调解 arbitrator 【商】仲裁员,公断人 arbor【复】arbores 心轴,轴,轴杆, ARC=automatic remote control 自动遥控 arc 弧,圆弧,弓形,(六分仪的)刻度弧,电弧, direct current~直流电弧;welding~焊接电弧 arcade 拱廊,连拱廊(建筑,客船的)

arc-back (发生)逆弧(整流器内的) ARC(GL) (德国船级 社船级标志)冰区航行(分,1A,2A---10 级注标志后) arch 拱,拱 门,弓形,拱起, arch【前缀】主要的,最高的,著名的 arching 中拱,架拱,成拱作用 archipelago 群岛, architect 建筑师,设计师 naval~造船工程师,船舶设计师 architectonic 建筑(学)的,地质构造的 architectonics 建筑原理(学) architecture 建筑学,建筑术,构造,(体系)结构 naval~造船学;system~系统学 arcing 【电】弧击穿,电弧放电,产生电弧 arcogragh圆弧规 ARCON=automatic rudder control 自动(方向)舵控制 Arct.Circ.=Arctic Circle 北极圈 arctic 北极,北极地带,北极的 Arct.R'S=Arctic regions 北极地带 ardometer 光测高温 表 are 公亩(面积单位,=100 米 2) area 面积,范围,区域 nozzle-throat~喷咀喉部截面面积;maximum-section~最大剖面面积;rubbing~磨擦面 积;stalled~失速范围;steel preparation~钢材预处理区,钢材加工区;surface~表面积;maximum transverse-section~最大横剖面面积 areometer液体比重计 areometry 液体(比重)测定法 areopyonometer 稠液比重计 argent 银制的,银色的 argentum 银 argil 粘士,陶土 argon 氩 argosy 大商船,满载船 argument 论证,辩论,幅角,【数】自变量,自变数 arithmetic 算术,算术的 arithmograph 自记计算器 arithmometer 四则计算器 ark 【历】方舟【俗】平底船,河船 ARL=acceptable reliability level (quality control) 可靠性合格标准(质量控制) ARM=availability ,reliability and maintainability 可用的,可靠性和可维护性 arm 臂,杠杆,手柄,支架,指针,指示器,托掌(尾轴架的),防波堤 arm ~of crankshaft 曲柄 臂;aligning~集装箱定位扣;anchor~锚臂 ;control 控制杆,操 纵杆;crank~曲柄,连杆,(起动)手柄;davit~吊艇 架臂;dock~船坞操作架(修船用);gib(bet)悬 臂,吊臂;governor~调速 器杆;index~游标;inlet rocker~进气阀摇臂;jib~挺杆臂;rock(er)~ 摇臂,连杆,【电】移动刷架臂;rocking~摇臂;rudder~舵臂;strut~尾轴架支架;wheel ~s 轮

辐;crosshead~十字头臂,舵柄 臂 armature 电枢,衔铁 axial~轴向电枢;rotating~旋转电枢;electromagnet~电磁铁电枢;unipolar~单极电枢 arraignment 【律】传讯,提审 arrangement 布置,配置,排列,布置图,方案,装置,协定,商定,【复】筹备 arrangement ~for boiler feed water 锅炉给水装置;after engine~尾机布置;anchoring~锚泊 装 置 ;automatic brake ~ 自 动 刹 车 装 置 ;ballast ~ 压 载 系 统 布 置 ;ballasting ~ 压 载 布 置;breaking~ 【电】 断路器装置,断路开关配置;cargo (oil)piping~货油管系布置(油船的);chain slipping~弃链器;change-over~s 转换装置,换向装置;checking~【下】制动装置;clamping~ 夹紧装置;cleaning~净化装置;conveying~输送装置;cooling~冷却装置;coupling~联接装 置;differential gear~差动式减速齿轮箱;engine room~机舱布置;fire detecting~火灾探测装 置 arrangement fire protecting~消防设备布置;flooding~浸水系统布置;gas freeing~油舱除气 系统布置;general~总布置(图),总体布局规划;hoisting~起吊设备(布置);interior~舱室布 置;launching~下水设备;lighting~照明布置,照明装置;mooring~系泊设备(配置) arrangement oil-burning~燃油装置(锅炉的);parallel~并联电路,并联装置;pipe~管系布 置 ;propeller ~ 螺 旋 桨 装 置 ;pumping ~ 泵 送 装 置 ( 包 括 泵 , 阀 箱 及 所 有 管 系 附 件);purge(purging)~扫气装置,清洗装置;releasing~脱扣装置,释放装置;relief~卸载装置,安 全装置 arrangement remote-control~遥控装置;rudder~舵系布置(图);scavenging~扫气装置,换气装 置;sealing~密封装置;shafting~轴系布置;slewing~旋转装置(起重机,吊杆的);smothering~ 泡沫灭火装置;space~空间(利用)布置;starting~起动装置;steering~操舵装置;sterntube~尾 轴 管 装 置 ;tankage ~ 液 舱 布 置 ;tube ~ 管 道 布 置 ;uptake ~ 烟 道 装 置 ;ventilating ~ 通 风 装 置;water-freeing~排水装置 array 列,(天线)阵,阵列(固体电路的),系列,组, low impedance earthing~低阻抗接地装置 arrear 【商】 【复】拖欠,应付未付余额 in~s【商】拖欠 arrerage 【商】积欠,欠款 arrest 扣留,阻止 ~of judgement【商】扣船;~under legal process【律】依法扣留,依法扣押 arrester 刹车装置,制 动器,限制器,避雷器 arrestment 阻拦制动 arris 棱 角,尖角,接缝圆角 arrival 到 达 arrow 箭头,指针(货箱上的标记) indication~指针;wind~风向及 风力指示符号 A.R's=Antarctic regions 南极地区 arsenal 兵工厂 art 艺术,美术,技巧,工艺 article 【商】条款,船员雇佣契约,商品,物品 ~s for ship 船用物品;~s of comsumption 消耗品;~s of law【律】法律条文;~s of trade 【商】;first ~【商】首批产品;fragile~【商】易碎品 articulated 活节的,铰接的,关节连接的

articulation 铰,关节,【无】 (传声)清晰度 artificer 技工,钳工,机械工,技师,设计师,发明家 artificial 人工的,人造的 artillery 火炮,炮兵 Artubar=articulated tug/barge system 推驳铰接(系统) AS=airspeed 气流速度 AS=annual survey 年度检验 AS=automatic synchronizer 自动同步器 A.S.=ampere-second 安(培)秒 A/S=after sight 【商】见票后--A/S=alongside 靠拢(码头),靠(他船)船舷,船 边 A.S.&T.=air pressure test for strength and tightness 强度和密性气压试验 ASB=auxiliary switch board 辅助配电板 asbestos[asbestus] 石棉,石棉的 asbestos-cement 石棉水泥 ASC=automatic selectivity contro

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