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雅思A类写作-图表写作模板


一.图表写作常用模板 Para1. This is a table / chart / (line 线状 bar 柱状 pie 饼状)graph which demonstrate / illustrate / reveal /depict /privide information about............. Para2. (1)Obvious /Apparent from the graph is that ...rank the first/highest,while/whereas ....turn out to be the lowest (2)It is exhibited/shown in the table that..... (3)It can be seen from the table that..... Para3.(1)饼.柱图 A,which accounts for...%,ranks the first;then next is B

with...%;followed by C,constituting...%;finally it comes D.E.F at...%...%and...%respectively (2)特殊变化(不变,增长或下降多的) ①It is worth mentioning that.... ②It must be pointed out that.... ③More striking/surprising is that.... Para4.To conclude /In conclusion/overall 雅思写作图表作文标准化结构样本 仅供参考 Para 1, 两句话: 第一句: This is a _____chart, which demonstrates the number of_____ from ____ to ____. 如果两个图,则:There are two charts below. The _____ chart describes the number of _____, and the _____ chart illustrates the figure of ____. 第二句: (所有题目适用) ,From the chart we can see that the number of ______ varies constantly/greatly in _____.

Para 2, As we can see from the chart,/or It is clear from the chart that ____. 如果有两个图: 则: The _____ chart shows that ______./or As we can see from the first chart, _______ Para 3, (如果两个图的话,) It is clear from the second chart that … Para 4 结尾:From the figures/statistics above, we can see/conclude/draw a conclusion that … 二.应注意事项 DON'T copy any part of the question in your answer. This is not your own work and therefore will be disregarded by the examiner and deducted from the word count. You can use individual words but be careful of using long "chunks" of the question text. Don't repeat yourself or the same ideas. This gives a bad impression and the examiner realises that it isn't adding to the content of your report. If you are weak at English grammar, try to use short sentences. This allows you to control the grammar and the meaning of your writing much more easily and contributes to a better cohesion and coherence mark. It's much easier to make things clear in a foreign language if you keep your sentences short! Think about the tenses of your verbs. If you're writing about something that happened in the past, your verbs will need to be in the past tenses. If you're describing the future, you will need to use the future tenses. If it's a habitual action, you'll need the present simple tense and so on. If you have time, a quick check of your verbs at the end of the exam can help you find errors. For describing graphs you will probably need past tenses whereas, for describing a process, you will probably need the present simple. Think about the verbs while practising and then it will become easier when you do the exam.

As I just said, if you have finished the exam with time to spare, DON'T just sit there!! Check what you have done. If you have time after the check, check again. And so on…… Don't be irrelevant. Although you can use your imagination to expand on your answer, if any part of your report is totally unrelated to the question and put in to just put up the word count, then the examiner will not take it into account and deduct it from the word count. If you want to improve, there's no secret. Practice. Practice. Practice. You won't get better sitting and doing nothing. Even good English users need practice for the IELTS exam. It could make all the difference between your getting the band that you need, and getting half a band less than you need and having to wait 3 months to do the exam again. 三.写作范文 雅思 TASK1 图表写作套句精选 50 句 1.the table shows the changes in the number of...over the period from...to... 该表格描述了在...年之...年间...数量的变化。 2.the bar chart illustrates that... 该柱状图展示了... 3.the graph provides some interesting data regarding... 该图为我们提供了有关...有趣数据。 4.the diagram shows (that)... 该图向我们展示了... 5.the pie graph depicts (that).... 该圆形图揭示了... 6.this is a cure graph which describes the trend of... 这个曲线图描述了...的趋势。

7.the figures/statistics show (that)... 数据(字)表明... 8.the tree diagram reveals how... 该树型图向我们揭示了如何... 9.the data/statistics show (that)... 该数据(字)可以这样理解... 10.the data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that... 这些数据资料令我们得出结论... 11.as is shown/demonstrated/exhibited in the diagram/graph/chart/table... 如图所示... 12.according to the chart/figures... 根据这些表(数字)... 13.as is shown in the table... 如表格所示... 14.as can be seen from the diagram,great changes have taken place in... 从图中可以看出,...发生了巨大变化。 15.from the table/chart/diagram/figure,we can see clearly that...or it is clear/apparent from the chart that... 从图表我们可以很清楚(明显)看到... 16.this is a graph which illustrates... 这个图表向我们展示了... 17.this table shows the changing proportion of a & b from...to... 该表格描述了...年到...年间 a 与 b 的比例关系。 18.the graph,presented in a pie chart, shows the general trend in... 该图以圆形图形式描述了...总的趋势。 19.this is a column chart showing... 这是个柱型图,描述了...

20.as can be seen from the graph,the two curves show the flutuation of... 如图所示,两条曲线描述了...的波动情况。 21.over the period from...to...the...remained level. 在...至...期间,...基本不变。 22.in the year between...and... 在...年到...期间... 23.in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998... 1995 年至 1998 三年里... 24.from then on/from this time onwards... 从那时起... 25.the number of...remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year). ...月(年)至...月(年)...的数量基本不变。 26.the number sharply went up to... 数字急剧上升至... 27.the percentage of...stayed the same between...and... ...至...期间...的比率维持不变。 28.the figures peaked at...in(month/year) ...的数目在...月(年)达到顶点,为... 29.the percentage remained steady at... 比率维持在... 30.the percentage of...is sightly larger/smaller than that of... ...的比例比...的比例略高(低)。 31.there is not a great deal of difference between...and... ...与...的区别不大。 32.the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of... 该图表表明...的数目增长了三倍。 33....decreased year by year while...increased steadily.

...逐年减少,而...逐步上升。 34.the situation reached a peak(a high point at) of[%]. ...的情况(局势)到达顶(高)点,为...百分点。 35.the figures/situation bottomed out in... 数字(情况)在...达到底部。 36.the figures reached the bottom/a low point/hit a trough. 数字(情况)达到底部(低谷)。 37.a is ...times as much/many as b. a 是 b 的...倍。 38.a increased by... a 增长了... 39.a increased to... a 增长到... 40.high/low/great/small/ percentage. 比低高(低) 41.there is an upward trend in the number of... ...数字呈上升趋势。 42.a considerable increase/decrease occurred from...to... ...到...发生急剧上升。 43.from...to...the rate of decrease slow down. 从...到...,下降速率减慢。 44.from this year on,there was a gradual declinel reduction in the...,reaching a figure of... 从这年起,...逐渐下降至... 45.be similar to... 与...相似 46.be the same as...

与...相同 47.there are a lot similarities/differences between...and... ...与...之间有许多相似(不同)之处 48.a has something in common with b a 于 b 有共同之处。 49.the difference between a and b lies in... a 与 b 之间的差别在于... 50...(year)witnessed/saw a sharp rise in... ...年...急剧上升。 一.表格图图表作文的写作要点 1 横向比较。介绍横向各个数据的区别,变化和趋势 2 横向比较。介绍横向各个数据的区别,变化和趋势 3 不需要将每一个数据分别说明,突出强调数据最大值和最小值, 最对比时要总结出数据对比最悬殊的和最小的 二.曲线图图表作文的写作要点 1 极点说明。即,对图表当中最高的,最低的点要单独进行说明 2 趋势说明。即,对图表当中曲线的连续变化进行说明,如上升,下降,波动, 持平 3 交点说明。即,对图表当中多根曲线的交叉点进行对比说明 三.饼状图图表作文的写作要点 1 介绍各扇面及总体的关系

2 各个扇面之间的比较,同类扇面在不同时间,不同地点的比较 3 重点突出特点最明显的扇面:最大的,最小的,互相成倍的 四.综合图图表作文的写作要点 1 不求甚解,不拘泥于细节 2 分门别类,分段落详细介绍各个图表 3 不画蛇添足,主观臆断或猜测图表之间的关系 大家必须要知道,图表写作的词组存在着两个明显的划分,一种是运动的(线段 图表与柱状图表),一种是静止的(饼状图表与表格).前者的切入点在描述趋 势,后者则关注一种分配.在弄清楚了这个划分之后,我们就可以对图表写作产 生点感觉了. 今天我们所要关注的是运动图表, 无论是什么题目的运动图表, 无论题出的多难, 我们都要清醒的认识到, 那就是考官也逃不出如下的5个范畴,它们分别是运动 范畴,程度范畴,时间范畴,数据范畴与连接范畴. 在运动范畴中存在着如下的8种运动趋向: 1.保持平稳:我们可以使用的套用结构有: stay stable/remain steady. 举例:表示人口数量保持平稳的时候可以写: the number of population stayed stable。/the number of population remained steady. 2.上升/增加:我们可以使用的套用结构有:rise/ climb/ increase/ ascend/mount/aggrandize(增加) 举例: 人口上升: the number of population increased/ascended/mounted 等等。

3.下降/减少:我们可以使用的套用结构有:fall/ drop/ decrease/ descend/ decline 举例:人口减少:the number of population decreased/ declined. 4. 下降后保持平稳:这个图形比较奇怪,我给大家划一下大家看到没有,这个 线段前面是向下的, 后面是平的, 在表示这个平的时候我们就不可以使用 remain steady 了,我们要使用的结构是 bottom out. 举例: 人口下降后保持平稳: the number of population decreased and bottomed out. 5.上升后保持平稳:这个图形和上面那个一样的奇怪,Mars 在总结这个的时候 郁闷了好长时间,喝了两杯咖啡。我给大家划一下(我最不会画画了), ,前 面的上升我们就不用说了,但是在上升以后保持平稳,我们需要使用 level off. 举例:人口上升后保持平稳:number of population mounted and leveled off. 6.复苏: 前面下降了以后,然后就上升了,这两条线段的连接点就叫复苏。英 语中表达为 recover 举例:人口下降后复苏:number of population decreased and recovered. 7.波动:这个我就不划了,就像我们的心电图一样。英语中叫 fluctuate. 举例:人口波动:number of population fluctuated. 8.达到顶峰:peak/ reach its summit/reach its zenith 举例:人口到达了顶峰:number of population peaked/ reached its summit/ reached its zenith.

上面就是运动性线段的八种趋势了。但是同学们想过没有上升,下降,波动是存 在程度的。所以我们接下来要讨论的是程度的描述方法。程度只有两种,缓慢和 陡然。 缓慢的/轻微的:gradually/ smoothly/ steadily/ slightly 陡然的/大幅度的:dramatically/ sharply/ considerably/ appreciably/ greatl 举例:1.人口大幅度攀升:number of population mounted dramatically. 2.人口轻微下降:number of population decreased slightly. 3.人口逐渐下降:number of population decreased gradually. 好了,我们现在已经说了两个范畴了,这个两个范畴可以帮你搞定任何线段组的 描述.紧接下来我们要讨论的是如何将线段组与数据进行连接.非常简单,注意如 下的介词使用. 一. remain steady/ stay stable/ level off/ bottom out/ peak/reach its peak/ reach its zenith 后面需要使用的是 at. 举例: 1.人口在 500 万上保持平稳:number of population remained steady at 5 million. 1. 人口在 800 万时到达了顶峰:number of population peaked at 8 million. 2. 下降后,人口在 400 万保持平稳:after decreasing, number of population bottomed out at 4 million. 3. 上升后,人口在 700 万保持平稳: after mounting, number of population leveled off at 7 million. 二. 上升/下降后面使用 to(到)和 by(了)

举例: 1. 人口下降到 200 万: number of population decreased to 2 million. 2. 人口下降了 200 万: number of population decreased by 2 million. 3. 人口上升到 1000 万: number of population increased to 10 million. 4. 人口上升了 500 万: number of population increased by 5 million. 三. recover 的后面大家需要使用的是 from 举例: 人口在 200 万时开始复苏:number of population recovered from 2 million. 四. fluctuate 的后面大家需要连接 between …..and….. 举例: 人口在 2 和 100 亿之间波动:number of population Life GN per head Country 1982 supply per at birth live birth) (US do123rs) Bangladesh 140 head (years) 1877 40 132 Daily calorie expectancy Infant mortality rates (per 1000

Bolivia 570

2086

50

124

Egypt

2950

56

97

690

Indonesia 580

2296

49

87

U.S.A 13160

3652

74

12

The figures reveal the quality of life in five countries in 1982, namely Bangladesh, Bolivia, Egypt, Indonesia and the U.S.A.

It is clear from the table that Americans’ GNP was considerably higher than that of others, achieving at 13160 do123rs; its daily calorie supply for each person was also the highest at 3652. Meanwhile, Americans enjoyed the longest life expectancy at 74 years, while their infant mortality rate was the lowest at only 1.2%.

In contrast, the people in Bangladesh lived the poorest lives of all. This was most evident in its GNP at 140do123rs, being only one tenth of American, as well as the lowest of five countries. Besides, its and life expectancy were also the least at 1877 each person and 40 years respectively, while its infant mortality rate was the highest at 13.2% being ten times of American.

The other three countries maintain middle positions. The GNP of them, in decreasing order, were Egypt ($690), Indonesia ($580) and Bolivia ($570). The similar patterns can be seen in the other three columns. Specifically, life expectancy in Indonesia was 1 year less Bolivian, whereas its infant mortality

rate was 10% less, compared with Egyptian,

Overall, we can see that there are significant differences in every aspect of quality of life in five countries.

Body Paragraph: Road Convictions fell dramatically in 1981, from about 480 to 250 people per 10 000, and then declined gradually until 1985. At this point they began a steep rise which peaked at about 3.3% in 1989. The figures fell sharply in 1990 and remained steady over the next year. The conviction rate then fell gradually until 1994 with hardly any change over the next four years. Model answer for exercise 2. Between 1955 and 1960 mortgage interest rates remained fairly constant at around 5%. Over the next decade they climbed steadily to reach around 8.5% in 1977. During the next ten years there was a dramatic rise culminating in a maximum of 20% in 1987. From then to 1995 the rate fell sharply back to the pre 1977 level of around 8.5%. Levels fluctuated over the next 3 years, varying between 8.5 and 11%.

Body Paragraph:

Road Convictions fell dramatically in 1981, from about 480 to 250 people per 10 000, and then declined gradually until 1985. At this point they began a

steep rise which peaked at about 3.3% in 1989. The figures fell sharply in 1990 and remained steady over the next year. The conviction rate then fell gradually until 1994 with hardly any change over the next four years. Model answer for exercise 2. Between 1955 and 1960 mortgage interest rates remained fairly constant at around 5%. Over the next decade they climbed steadily to reach around 8.5% in 1977. During the next ten years there was a dramatic rise culminating in a maximum of 20% in 1987. From then to 1995 the rate fell sharply back to the pre 1977 level of around 8.5%. Levels fluctuated over the next 3 years, varying between 8.5 and 11%. http://www.writefix.com/writing/cause/index.htm


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