天津市五区县 2013～2014 学年度第一学期期末考试 高一英语试卷
本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分，共 120 分，考试用时 100 分钟。第 I 卷 1 至 10 页；第Ⅱ卷 11 至 12 页。
第 I 卷（选择题
共 85 分）
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出一个最佳选项，并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对 话仅读一遍。 1. What happened to the man this morning? ( ) A. He was late. B .He got fired. C. His clock was broken. 2. What did the man do yesterday afternoon? ( ) A. He went out with Ken. B. He played football. C. He watched TV. 3, What are the speakers mainly talking about? ( ) A. The meeting. B. A sports meeting. C. The bad weather. 4. When will the man pick up the woman? ( ) A. At 7:20. B. At 7:40. C. At 8:00. 5. How will the man get there? ( ) A. By bus. B. On foot. C. By car 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 听下面几段材料。每段材料后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出一个最佳选项，并 标在试卷的相应位置。听每段材料前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段材料读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 至第 8 小题。 6. Who forgot to bring the book? ( ) A. Carol. B. John. C. Jim 7. What does the man need the book for? ( ) A. Introducing an art.
B. Preparing a paper C. Cooking a meal. 8. What will they do first? ( A. Fetch the book. B. Have a meal. C. Enjoy the show. 9. Why does the woman want to work in the summer camp? ( ) A. She likes children and sports. B. Her friend wants her to work there. C. She enjoys her friend's job there. 10. How many languages can the woman speak? ( A. One. B. Two. C. Three. 11. What is the woman's favorite sport? ( A. Tennis. B. Badminton. C. Basketball. 听下面一段独白,回答第 12 至第 1 5 小题 . 12. When will Jean work in the library? A. From 9: 15 a. m. to 4: 45 p. m B. From 8: 45 a. m. to 5: 15 p. m C. From 9: 00 a. m. to 5: 00 p. m. 13. What can Jean do while working in the library? A. Have drinks. B Read books C. Eat sandwiches 14. Where can Jean have sandwiches for lunch? A. In an office. (
B In a dining room． C. In a common room. 15. Why doesn't the speaker recommend cafes in the town centre? ( ) A. They are crowded. B. Lunchtime is limited. C. They are expensive. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第二节 单项填空（共 1 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 16.-What's the matter? -The cook _____five minutes ago, and there are fifty dinners still to cook.( ) A．left B．leaves C.has left D.was leaving 17. Liu Yang became the first woman astronaut in China _____into space. ( ) A．ravel B．travelled C.to travel D. being travelled 18. It was yesterday _____I went to the railway station to meet my uncle. ( ) A.why . B.who C.what D.that 19. Once you want to do something, you must get down _____it well. ( ) A.do B ．doing C．to do D． to doing 20. There isn't an empty table. Would you mind_____? ( ) A．caring B．sharing
C.separating D. comparing 21. It rained heavily last night. ________, much of the farm and forest land has been destroyed. result B. In other words C. In fact D. Out of date 22 Everybody tried to help those people ________by the recent earthquake. ( ) A, adopted B. realized C. affected D. destroyed 23. If it rains tomorrow. the sports meet will be ________until further notice. ( ) A. begun with B. given up C. come out D. put off 24. As we all know, diligence is the path ________to happiness. ( ) A. led B. leads C. leading D. having led 25. Alice kept quiet about the incident _______lose her job. ( ) A. so not as to B. so as not to C. so as to not D. not so as to 26. Frank was offered a job in a bank, but________our surprise, he didn't take it. ( ) A. to B. at C. for D. in 27. -Say, let's have a get-together sometime this week. ( ) -________Shall we make it Friday evening? A. I don't think so. B. I can't agree morel C. You can't be serious! D. I don't agree wit you. 28. Our English teacher spoke very clearly ________we could hear every word. ( ) A. so that B. now that C. as soon as D. in case
). As a
29. Nankai University,_______ in 1919, has a history of more than 94 years. ( ) A. found B. founding C. founded D. to be founded 30 Most of us_________more than one thousand English words before we came to this school. ( ) A. would learn B. will learn C. have learned D. had learned 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 31～50 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 Many winters ago I was working at a college when a homeless woman came in wearing only thin clothes. She started 31 as she sat down on a sofa in the student public room . Clearly, she wasn't well. Without 32 too much about it, I went to the Student Affairs office where I knew I could find 33 . in the "Lost and Found" box. I gathered her up all clothes and made my way 34 . A co-worker told me I should not help this person. 35 it would only lead to her wanting 36 help. I ignored(忽视) her and carried on, 37 the warnings. Two weeks later a lovely elderly man came to my 38 and asked to speak with me in private. 39 , I gave him my full attention. He went on to tell me that he had overheard (无意听到) the 40 with the co-worker about helping the 41 woman. He wanted me to know that it was always okay to help people, and that was 42 he wanted to give me a check for $1000! I 43 tears, because I really needed the money at the time, but also because I had 44 been recognized in such a way 45 helping
someone! We became good friends and, twenty years later, he called me up 46 and told me he wanted to help me 47 my first home! He gave me$ 120,000 to buy my dream house in my home town. I asked him why he wanted to give me such a large 48 . and he said it was because I was a "giver" and that I deserved(应得) it. I was able to 49 the perfect little home for me, all because one day I homeless woman without besitation . 31. A. crying B. coughing C. drinking D. working ( ) 32. A. worrying B. joking C. talking D. thinking ( ) 33 A. clothes B. keys C. bags D. coins ( ) 34. A. out B. forward C. back D. through ( ) 35. A. if B. as C. though D. when ( ) 36 A. little B. less C. much D. more ( ) 37. A. in spite of B. in face of C. in charge of D. in place of ( ) 38. A. home B. bank C. office D, classroom ( ) 39. A. Curious B Worrying C. Dangerous D. Puzzling ( ) 40. A. quarrel B. discussion C. agreement D. conversation ( ) 41. A. bungry B. sick C. kind D. boring ( ) 42. A. how B. what C. why D. where ( ) 43. A. burst into B. held back C. broke out D. rolled down ( ) 44. A yet B. still C. already D. never ( ) 45. A. to B. for C. with D under ( ) 46. A. hopelessly B. carelessly C. unexpectedly D. unwillingly ( ) 47. A. build B. move C. plan D. buy ( ) 48. A. gift B. effort C. home D. friendship ( ) 49. A. live B. stay C. have D. go ( ) 50. A. found B. helped C. adopted D. raised ( ) 50 a
第三部分 阅读理解（共 1 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Robert is a boss who hires me as a helper. He has lost his home and now has to live back at home, with his mother, at 46. We had a job in Fort Bending. Robert bought me breakfast there. As we were leaving ,a man walked to us asking if he could get some work from Roberts' company. Robert explained there was no work for the man and the man started to walk away. As I looked from the leaving man back to Robert, l saw Robert getting Out some money and went after the man to give it to him. I asked Robert, "Why did you do that?" Robert said "He really had bad luck-what does a few dollars mater?" After a very long, hard day, we stopped at a Quick Trip for a soda. I got through the check out ahead of Robert and went back out to the work truck. Beside the truck was a woman in a car. She had 3 kids and asked me if I could help-she had been evicted-had now where to go with her children-they were living in the car. I told her I was also hurting in these times-sorry I could not. Robert came out. opened the work truck and we got in I told him about the lady I didn't even finish the story when Robert was out. his door- around the truck and giving the women money to help her and her kids out. When Robert returned I asked, "Why did you do that, she didn't even ask you". He said “I have an ex-wife(前妻)and a kid-if they need help and I am not able, someone will help them" 5i. Why did the man walk to the writer and Robert? ( ) A. To ask for a lift in Robert's truck. B. To look for a job in Robert's company
C. To beg for some money to buy a ticket. D. To expect Robert to buy him breakfast. 52.What does the underlined sentence mean in the Second Paragraph? ( ) A. Robert had a lot of dollars to give. B Robert didn't value dollars at all. C. Robert took a few dollars seriously. D. Robert didn't care about money. 53.The underlined word "evicted" in the last paragraph may mean______ ( ) A. driven away B. picked up C. looked down D. turned down 54. Which word do you think can best describe Robert? ( ) A. Kind. B. Proud. C. Rich. D. Cruel, 55. Robert helped the woman because_______. ( ) A. he expected to get married to the woman B. she made him think of his ex-wife and kid B. she asked him whether he could give a hand D. he felt sorry for being unable to support his family B The Galapagos Islands are in the Pacific Ocean, off the western coast of South America They are a rocky, lonely spot, but they are also one of the most unusual places in the world. One reason is that they are the home of some of the last giant tortoises（乌龟）left on earth. Weighing hundreds of pounds, these tortoises go slowly around the rocks and sand of the islands. Strangely, each of these islands has its own particular kinds of tortoises. There are seven different kinds of tortoises on the eight islands, and each kind is slightly different from the other. Hundreds of years ago, thousands of tortoises were around these islands. However, all that changed when people started landing there. When people first arrived in 1535, crews would seize as many tortoises as they could. They would roll the tortoises onto their backs when they were brought onto the ships. The tortoises were completely helpless once on their backs, so they could only lie there until used for soups and stews. Almost 100,000 tortoises were carried off in this way. The tortoises faced other problems, too. Soon after the first ships, settlers arrived, bringing pigs, goats, donkeys, dogs and cats. A11 0f these animals ruined life for the tortoises. Donkeys and goats ate all the plants that the tortoises usually fed on, while the pigs, dogs and cats ate thousands of baby tortoises each year. Within a few years, it was hard to find any tortoise eggs-or even any baby tortoises. Finally, in the 1950s, scientists decided that something must be done. The first part of their plan was to remove as many cats, dogs and other animals as they could from the islands. Next, they tried to make sure that more baby tortoises would be born; This slow, hard work continues today, and, thanks to it, the number of tortoises is now increasing every year. Perhaps these wonderful animals will not disappear after all 56. What can we learn from Paragraph i? ( ) A. The Galapagos Islands are the biggest islands in the Pacific Ocean B. The giant tortoises have all left the Galapagos Islands already. C. The giant tortoises made the Galapagos Islands unusual places. D .People have built many homes for the giant tortoises on the islands. 57. What is special about the tortoises according to Paragraph 2? ( ) A. They weigh hundreds of pounds. B. They move around very slowly. C. There are different kinds of tortoises. D. They are larger than the ones in other places.
58. What happened first? ( ) A. Sailors took tortoises aboard the ships. B. Scientists decided to take measures to protect the tortoises. C. Pigs, dogs and cats ate many baby tortoises. D. Settlers brought other as to the islands. 59. What happened soon after people brought animals to the islands? ( ) A. Tortoise eggs were kept in safe containers. B. The animals ate the tortoises' food and eggs. C. The tortoises continued to wander freely. D. The tortoises fought against the other animals. 60. What's the result of the scientists' effort? ( ) A. The tortoises began to disappear gradually. B: The number of tortoises began to decrease C. Scientists took away other animals off the islands. D. There are more and more giant tortoises on the islands. C Americans have always been interested in their Presidents' wives. Many First Ladies have been remembered because of the ways they have influenced their husbands. Other First Ladies have made the history books on their own. At least two First Ladies, Bess Truman and Lady Bird Johnson, made it their business to send signals during their husbands speeches. When Lady Bird Johnson thought her husband was talking too long, she wrote a note and sent it up to the platform. It read, "It's time to stop ! " And he did. Once Bess Truman didn't like what her husband was saying on television, so she phoned him and said, "If you can't talk more politely than that in public, you come right home. " It was First Lady Helen Taft's idea to plant the famous cherry trees in Washington, D. C. Each spring these blossoming trees attract thousands of visitors to the nation's capital Mrs. Taft also influenced the male members of her family and the White House staff in a strange way: she convinced(说服)them to shave off their beards(胡 须) ! Shortly after President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke (中风), Edith Wilson unofficially took over most of the duties of the Presidency until the end of her husband's term Earlier, during World War I, Mrs. Wilson had sheep brought onto the White House lawn to eat t e grass. The sheep not only kept the lawn cut. but provided wool for an auction(拍卖) held by the First Lady. Almost$ 100,000 was raised for the Red Cross. One of the most famous First Ladies was Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. She was active in political and. social causes throughout her husband's term in office After his death, she became famous for her humanitarian(人道主义的) work in the United Nations. She made life better for thousands of needy people around the world. 61. Why have First Ladies been remembered? ( ) A. They are the wives of the presidents. B. They are made up of history books. C. Americans are interested in them. D. They have an effect on their husbands. 62. The examples mentioned in Paragraph 2 show that ( ) A. the two wives did business without their husbands B. the two wives influenced the presidents' speeches C. the two wives didn't like their husbands to make speeches D the presidents' speeches were often interrupted by their wives.
63. Who did the most meaningful work among the first ladies? A. Lady Bird Johnson. B. Mrs. Wilson. C. Eleanor Roosevelt. D. Helen Taft 64. Which of the following is considered a strange thing the First Lady did? A. Raise sheep on the White House lawn to get money for the Red Cross. B. Take over most of the duties throughout their husbands' Presidency. C. Plant the cherry trees in Washington, D. C. to attract more visitors D. Persuade the men staff in the White House to shave off their beards. 65. How many First Ladies are mentioned in this passage? A. 3 8 4. C. 5 D 6.
共 35 分）
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) The World Health Organization(WHO) says there has been a sharp increase in the number of children in developing countries who weigh too much. In African countries, the WHO says the number of overweight or obese children is two times as high as it was 20 years ago. Around the world, about 43 million children under the age of five were overweight in 2011. Doctors use height, weight and age to measure whether a person is underweight, normal, or obese. Overweight children are more likely to become overweight or obese adults. The condition can lead to serious health problems like diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Francesco Branca , director of the WHO Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, says people are eating manufactured or processed food more often, which often has a high sugar. fat and salt content. Another reason of gaining weight is the city lifestyle. They travel in cars or other vehicles more than on foot, and have less physical activities in general. Mr Branca says reducing the number of overweight children will not be easy. He says the goal is difficult to meet even in wealthy countries. The WHO has some basic solutions for individuals（个人） : to lower your in-take of fat ,sugar, salt and processed food, eat more fruit and vegetables, and increase physical activity .These actions are especially important for children and governments should concern providing vitamin for children . Reducing the number of overweight children will not be easy. The goal is difficult to meet even in wealthy countries. Educational campaigns about problems linked to obesity would also help. Food manufactures must balance quality and taste with the dangers of sugar, fat and salt. The current goal of the WHO's World Health Assembly is to prevent an increase in the percentage of overweight children during the next twelve years. 66. What's the main idea of the passage?(No more than 15 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 67. What is the meaning of the underlined word "obese" in Paragraph 2?(No more than two words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 68. What diseases can overweight or obesity lead to?(No more than 10 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 69. Why do people put on weight easily? (No more than 12 words)
_______________________________________________________________________________ 70. If you are overweight or obese, what should you do? (No more than 20 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是新华中学的李明， 你的美国朋友 Tony 来到了中国，给你发邮件说下周要来你所在的城市天津 参观，你感到非常高兴，请根据以下提示，给他回一封邮件。 1．问清到达时间，你要去火车站接他。 2．邀请他到你家住宿，给他讲一下天津的发展和风俗人情(customs)。 3．建议充当向导(guide)，第二天带他去参观自己的中学和南开大学。 注意： 1．词数不少于 100； 2．请勿提及真实学校姓名； 3．可适当加入细节，以使内容充实、行文连贯； 4．开头和结尾已给出，但不计入总词数。 Dear Tony, I am very-excited to hear that you are coming to our city for a visit, and I can't wait to see you. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Best wishes to you and look forward to your early reply. Yours ever. Li Ming
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