同位语从句 与 定语从句的区别
一、同位语从句相当于一个名词，对前面的名词 起解释说明作用，而定语从句相当于一个形容词， 对前面的名词、代词起修饰限制作用。
The fact that they won the game pleased all of them. (that clause = the fact) The news that they told us cheered us all. (that 指代 the news) Suddenly the thought came to me that he could go blind. (同位从句) The thought that he could go blind made me feel sad. （同位从句） （定从） The thought that suddenly came to me is terrible.
二、名词 idea, word, news, promise, fact,
information, problem, question, hope, truth, suggestion, doubt, fear, belief等后常跟一个同
1. He made a promise that whoever could set him free, he would show him all the treasures in the world. 2. Word (News) came that our team won the game. 3. Who will go to find out the information when they will set out to visit the Great Wall?
三、引导同位语从句的 that, whether,
when, where, who, how, why等不等于或不 能替换前面的名词或代词,这些引导词在同 位语从句中均不能省略,引导同位语从句的 连接副词 when, where, who, how等在同位 词从句中作状语时,有疑问意义。that无实 义不作句子成分(如上述例子)； 而定语从句的引导词要在从句中担任句 子成分，that, which, who/whom等作从句宾 语时常可省略。
1. I have known the fact that (不等于fact) our school has gone far ahead of any other school in our country every aspect. 2. He would not tell us the idea whether (不等于 idea) he was wiling to help us out of difficulty. 3. I could hardly believe the reason why (不可替 换 reason) he was late again.(why有疑问意义) 4. They have no idea where (不可替换idea) he has gone.
但以下例句则为定语从句，引导词就是先 行词的替身。 1. The news (that, which) he gave us was true. 2. They passed out us a lot of information that is of great use. 3. He is the only one of the students who has been a winner of scholarship for three years.
Exercises: 1. The thoughts … Li Ping often has are completely wrong. A. that B. why C. if D. what 2. My English teacher told me a piece of good news … our country has succeeded in applying to the right of holding the 2008 Olympic Games. A. that B. \ C. whether D. how 3. You can’t have the idea … I was worried about your health then. A. what B. if C. how D. when 4. No one knows the reason .. He has broken the glass. A. what B. that C. why D. how 5. Here’s an announcement … the winner at chess can get a prize of 1’000 yuan. A. that B. why C. whether D. when 6. A computer can only do … you have instructed it to do. A. how B. after C. what D. when
7. It was my suggestion that he … not be sent abroad. A. would B. was C. must D. \ 8. I will give this dictionary to … wants to have it. A. whomever B. whoever C. whatever D. wherever 9. … is no possibility … Bob can win the first prize in the match. A. There; that B. It; that C. There; whether D. It; whether 10. … you don’t like him is none of my business. A. Which B. That C.If D. Whether 11. It was a matter of … would take the position. A. who B. whoever C. whom D. whomever 12. Mr. Green came here at six, … the sun was setting. A. where B. that C. until D. when 13. The factory has … 8,000 workers, eighty percent of … are women. A. more than; that B. more than; them C. over; which D. over; whom
Fill the blanks: 1. what/that/which/how/who 1). _____ Who have you do with the goods is none of my business. 2). How ____ you have dealt with the goods is none of my business. 3). I want to know _____ which of you is best at English. 4). _____ Who will go to the party hasn’t been decided. 5). That ____ China has entered the WTO encourages us very much. 6). Believe in him! He is not _____ what he was two years ago. 7). I’m curious about _____ what you’ll take in the college. 8). I’m curious about _____ how you’ll study courses in the college.
2. who/whoever/whichever/no matter who
whoever win the 1). The award will be given to ________ competition. 2). I’m determined to give up my present job, whoever/ ________ no matter who advises me not to do that. 3). The boss will dismiss ________ whicheverof us is not fit for the duty. whoever 4). The king promised to marry his daughter to ________ could cure her illness. Who cured his daughter’s illness finally is not known. 5). _______ 6). We were waiting to see _______ who will win the football match.
地点状从: 1、2、4、5。 1. Please put the books back _____ they are. A. the place B. where C. in the place D. the place where 2. They built a school ____ there used to be an airport. A. wherever B. when C. where D. at the airport 3. A fast food restaurant is the place ____, just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly. 定语从句: 3、6。 A. which B. where C. there D. what 4. She found her calculator ____ she lost it. A. in which B. in the room C. where D. when 5. The famous scientist grew up _____ he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. A. when B. in his hometown C. where D. wherever 6. I work in a business _____ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A. how B. which C. where D. that
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意思。”“哦？为什么？”明秀饶有兴趣。“奴婢当这个差，忠人之事??”乐韵回答。“那你为什么不问准了你家姑娘的意 思，再传这东西？”明秀飞快的问。“姑娘应该不会信的，我不敢跟她商量。”乐韵老老实实道。明秀上下打量乐韵：“你又 是什么时候开始怀疑起的呢？”“四 那次要给我们家姑娘喂药，我看见您往我们家姑娘碗里放了什么东西。”乐韵直截了当 回答。明秀偏过脸去，也深悔那次做得孟浪了。筱筱在旁边啐道：“这蹄子，发昏头胡说，满口嚼血哪？！”乐韵只是磕头。 明秀冷冷道：“私相授受。你是作好准备领这罪了？”乐韵拼命摇头。明秀并不放过她，沉着脸叱了一声，筱筱到外头去，叫 进一个婆子来，乃是司掌丫头们刑罚的婆子，眼皮半耷拉着，看也不看乐韵，一半像在沉思、一半像在梦游似的，到明秀面前 唱了个大喏：“四 ！”两只手里抱了一大捆浸过水的粗麻绳，行动间衣裳里也叮铃当啷的，不知鼓囊囊塞了些什么。第五十 九章 早露用心在宴前(3)乐韵脸白了。“文大娘，”明秀道，“今日叫你来，你可知是何事？”“老身听说有丫头私下传递贴 身东西。”文大娘回答。“什么叫贴身东西？”明秀真的不懂似的，继续问。文大娘也就详详尽尽的回答：“大至一衣一镜， 小至一丝一缕，皆不可出闺阁。此防犹如高堤堵洪水一般，只要一个蚁穴，注进一丝水来，后头它就只管滔滔了。所以那胆敢 咬出个小小的穴来的蝼蚁，甚为可恶，一露头就该掐死。”“大娘要如何掐死？”明秀还在问。文大娘也就不回答了，先把那 粗麻绳往乐韵面前一丢，浸了水的绳头打在乐韵膝头，热辣辣的，真要动手绑时，那是要剥了衣裳绑的，粗麻紧紧勒进肉里， 那种滋味！文大娘袖口也挽起来了，衣襟也掀起来，一件一件，往外拿几样敲扑刑罚的东西，倒都不大。要在人身上造成痛苦 的东西，本来就不用特别大的。她且拿且说，才说了三件，明秀已经悲悯的把眼睛紧紧合起来，苦吟：“不当人子，不当人 子。”文大娘放下衣裳，道：“人是苦虫，不打不招。 ，您不知道，有些坏东西，只能如此处置哩！却不知今日叫老身来， 是要对付哪一个？”乐韵膝行至明秀裙边，咚咚叩头，只求饶命。明秀缓缓对文大娘道：“请大娘来，只为我自己想听听这些 规矩，日后好教导丫头们。劳顿大娘了。”文大娘屈身道：“不敢称劳。 但有差遣，尽管叫老身。”明秀笑道：“目下没什 么事了，倘有需要时，少不得再烦请大娘。”便着筱筱还送文大娘出去。乐韵跪着，不断啜泣。明秀静了静，道：“你如今知 道怕了。”乐韵哀求：“四 赏乐韵一条生路！”明秀叹道：“你啊??好生糊涂。忠心为主，原是好的，岂不知良禽择木而 栖？思来算去，把自己推到火坑里，何苦