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人教版六年级英语上册知识点汇总总结提纲


六年级上全册复习提纲
Unit 1
询问某个地点在哪;怎样到达某个地点

1.询问地点在哪:Where is the +地点 Where is the cinema? 电影院在哪? 回答: near(附近) next to(旁边) It’s behind(后面) in front of(前面) It’s near the zoo. 它在动物园附近。 2. 询问怎样到达一个地点:How can I get to the +地点 How can I get there/ here ? How can I get to the cinema? 回答:turn left turn right go straight Turn right at the zoo. 动物园右转。 at the +地点 我怎样到达电影院? the +地点
be 动词

am is

只跟 I 放在一起 主语是单数时用

are 主语是复数时用

Turn left at the zoo, and then go straight, the cinema is on your left. 动物园左转然后直走,电影院在你的左边。 或:You can Take the No.57 bus. 你可以乘坐 57 路公交车。 人+can+take the No.数字 + bus

第 1 页 共 10 页

Unit2

到达某个地点的交通方式

1.How do does

某人 go(come) to school ?

某人怎么去(来)学校

How do you go to school? How does she come to school?

你怎么去学校? 她怎么来学校的?

回答:某人+ go(goes) + to school + by+ 交通工具 come(comes) I go to school on foot. 2.某人+ must + 动词原形 She goes to school by bus. 某人必须…… 骑自行车的人必须戴一个。

People on bikes must wear one.

I must pay attention to the traffic lights. 我必须注意交通信号灯。

Unit3

某人打算做某事

1.某人+be going to +do(动词原形) She is going to see a film.

某人打算(或将要)去做某事

她打算去看电影。 我叔叔打算去旅行。 我父母打算去超市。

My uncle is going to take a trip.

My parents are going to go to the supermarket. 2.本单元几大问句及答句:

1)What+be 动词+某人+going to do(+时间或地点)? 某人打算去做什么 What are you going to do tomorrow? What is she going to do next week?
第 2 页 共 10 页

回答:某人+be going to do(+时间或地点) I am going to go to the supermarket tomorrow. Sarah and Mike are going to take a trip next week. 2)When+be 动词+某人+going(+地点)? 某人打算什么时候去 When are you going (to the cinema)? When are you going (to Beijing)? (地点是城市的名称,前面不用 the) 回答:I am going to the cinema tomorrow. They are going to Nanjing next week. 3)Where +be 动词+某人+going(+时间)?某人打算去哪里 Where are you going tomorrow? Where is Sarah going? 回答:某人+be going+ to the 地点 to Beijing/ to Nanjing I am going to the cinema. We are going to the supermarket this morning. 4)Who + be 动词+某人+going with? Who are you going with? Who is Sarah going with? 回答:I’m going with my friends. She is going with her sister. 某人打算和谁一起去

第 3 页 共 10 页

Unit4

询问某人爱好

1.What is +某人的+hobby? What are+某人的+hobbies? 回答:某人+like(likes)+动词 ing 1) -What are your bobbies? -I like sing and dancing. 2) -What is his hobby? -He likes reading. 2.一般疑问句 3.Two students like dancing. One student likes singing.

……的爱好是什么?

主语是第三人称单数,动词要加 s 主语:句子开头表示人的词 动词加 s 的变化规则: 1.大部分动词直接加 s 2.以 s, x, sh, ch, o 结尾的单词,加 es 3.辅音字母 + y 结尾的,把 y 变 i 再加 es 辅音字母:除了 a, e, i, o, u 以外的字母 4.have 变成 has

第 4 页 共 10 页

Unit5

询问某人职业

1.What +do 某人+ do? What +does 某人+ do? What do you do? What does he do? What does your father do? 回答:某人+be 动词+职业 She is a teacher. He is an actor. 2.Where do +某人+work? Where does+某人+work? Where do you work?

某人是做什么的?

某人在哪工作?

Where does your father work? 回答:某人+work/ works+地点 He works at sea. She works in a hospital. 某人怎么去上班?

3.How do 某人 go to work? How does 某人 go to work?

How do Mike and Sarah go to work? How does your uncle go to work? 回答:某人+ go/ goes to work+ 交通方式 I go to work by car. He goes to work on foot.
第 5 页 共 10 页

4.某人+ want/ wants + to be +职业 I want to be a scientist. 我想成为科学家。

某人想成为……

She wants to be an engineer. 她想成为一名工程师。

Unit6

谈论某人感受

1.They are afraid of him. A be afraid of B

他们很怕他。

A 害怕 B 我妈妈很怕老鼠。

My mother is afraid of mouse. Sarah is afraid of mouse.

Sarah 很怕老鼠。

I am afraid of mouse. 我很怕老鼠。 2.The cat is angry with them. 猫对他们很生气。

A be angry with B A 生 B 的气 The man is angry with the woman. 这个男士对这位女士很生气。

Sarah is angry with Mike. Sarah 在生 Mike 的气。 3.-What’s wrong? -My father is ill. -What’s wrong? -某人+所处的状况 -What’s wrong? 怎么了? 怎么了? 我爸爸病了。

-I hurt my right hand. 我的右手受伤了。 4.某人+should+do(动词原形)+其他 某人应该……

He should see a doctor. 他应该去看医生。 You should wear warm clothes. 你应该穿暖和的衣服。
第 6 页 共 10 页

5.Don’t be sad. 别伤心 Don’t be +表示感受的形容词 Don’t be worried. 别担心 Don’t be afraid. 别害怕 别……

语法知识 1.on the left 在左边 on the right 在右边 2. A is far from B A 离 B 很远 With+某人 和某一起

3.about+某事 关于…… 4.On+星期几 in the morning in the evening in the afternoon in the weekend 在周末 5.用 a 还是 an

on Sunday

在以 a, e, i, o, u 开头的单词前用 an, 以其他字母开头的单词前用 a 6. Two students like dancing. One student likes singing. I like singing. He likes reading books. 主语是第三人称单数,动词要加 s 主语:句子开头表示人的词
第 7 页 共 10 页

动词加 s 的变化规则: 1) 大部分动词直接加 s 2) 以 s, x, sh, ch, o 结尾的单词,加 es 3) 辅音字母 + y 结尾的,把 y 变 i 再加 es 辅音字母:除了 a, e, i, o, u 以外的字母 4) have 变成 has 7. He is playing football. 他正在踢足球。(现在进行时)

He is going to play football. 他将要去踢足球。(一般将来时) 某人+be doing 某人正在做某事 (be 是 be 动词,doing 是动词 ing 形式)

某人+be going to do 某人将要做某事 (be 是 be 动词,do 是动词原形) 8.改一般疑问句的步骤:
将 be 动词和 can 提到句首,其他照抄 找到了

注意:I You

we you

my your

找:be 动词和 can
没 找 到

在句首加 do 或 does 注意:加了 does 时,后面的动词要 去掉 s

She is a student. I can swim.

变成: Is she a student? 变成: Can you swim?

My father is a scientist. 变成:Is your father a scientist? She lives in China. 变成:Does she live in China?

My father goes to work by car. 变成:Does your father go to work by car? 9.将陈述句改成否定句的步骤 一、找 be 动词和 can
第 8 页 共 10 页

找到了则直接在 be 动词和 can 后面加 not am——am not is——isn’t are——aren’t can——can’t

二、没找到在主语后面加 don’t 或 doesn’t 加了 doesn’t,后面的动词要去掉 s 例如:He lives in Australia. 10.特殊疑问句 疑问词 what who whose where when why how 意思 什么 谁 谁的 哪里 何时 为什么 怎么样 对什么提问 动物、植物、事物、东西 人 某人的东西 地点 时间 原因(答句一般以 because 开头) 方式 变成:He doesn’t live in Australia.

1)改特殊疑问句的步骤: 一、根据划线部分所表示的含义确定特殊疑问词 She will come back next week. when 二、将句子中除了划线部分以外的其他部分变成一般疑问句 She will come back 变成:will she come back

三、将疑问词提到句首 When will she come back? 注意:
第 9 页 共 10 页

1) 若划线部分就在句首,则不用再把疑问词提到句首了 My father is playing football. who 变成:Who is playing football. 2)有时要适当加词 She is washing clothes. doing what 变成:What is she doing?

第 10 页 共 10 页


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