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浙江省2017年11月高考英语试题


绝密★考试结束前

2017 年 11 月浙江省普通高校招生选考科目考试英语试题
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时, 先将答案标在试卷上。 录音内容结束后, 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在 试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅 读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A.£19.15. B.£9.18. C.£9.15. 答案是 C。 1. What is the man looking for ? A. His pen B. His book C. His phone 2. What does Carol’s father ask her to do ? A. Talk with her friends B. Go out with him. C. Put on warm clothes . 3. How many members are there in Alice’s group now? A. Two B. Four C. Six . 4. What are the speakers talking about ? A. Ways of cooking B. Healthy food for kids C. Kids helping in the kitchen. 5. What is the woman? A. She’s a shop assistant B. She’s a receptionist C. She’s a secretary. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位罝。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. Why does the man sound surprised? A. lily rejected a job offer. B. Lily was absent from school C. Lily turned down a scholarship 7. What has Lily decided to do ? A. Travel to Dubai. B. Stay with her mom .C. Start a business. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers ? A. Colleagues. B. Relatives C. Classmates 9. What is Sabrina’s sister doing ? A. Touring in Africa . B. Teaching in a village. C. Working in a company. 10. How can Sabrina reach her sister now?

A. By phone .B. By email 听第 8 段材料,回答 11 至 13 题

C. By letter .

11. What does Maria think of the soup? A. Tasteless B. Just fine C. Thick 12. What does Karl say can be added to the soup? A. Salt B. Onions C. Pepper 13. Where are the speakers ? A. At home B. At a restaurant C. At a friend’s house 听第 9 段材料,回答 14 至 16 题 14. When will someone come to check the hot water? A. This afternoon B. Tomorrow C. At the weekend 15. How did the students know about the flat? A. From a friend B. From a newspaper C. From a house agency. 16. What will the woman do to settle the problem about the fridge? A.Pay the students for the new one . B.Get someone to fix the old one C. Order one on the Internet . 听第 10 段材料,回答 17 至 20 题 17. Who is the speaker? A. An invited guest B. A news reporter C. A radio host . 18. In what way has the speaker changed ? A. He speaks faster. B. He becomes heavier C. He cooks more often 19. What is difficult for the speaker to get used to ? A. The food . B. The weather C. The language 20. What does the speaker think of the French people? A. A bit cold B. Generous C. Easy-going 听力部分答案:ACBCB/ CBABC / ACBAB / AABCA 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节(共 10 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 25 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 阅读理解: A When I was in fourth grade, I worked part-time as a paperboy. Mrs.Stanley was one of my customers. She'd watch me coming down her street, and by the time I'd biked up to her doorstep, there'd be a cold drink waiting. I'd sit and drink while she talked. Mrs.Stanley talked mostly about her dead husband, "Mr. Stanley and I went shopping this morning." she'd say. The first time she said that, soda(汽水) went up my nose. I told my father how Mrs. Stanley talked as if Mr. Stanley were still alive. Dad said she was probably lonely, and that I ought to sit and listen and nod my head and smile, and maybe she'd work it out of her system. So that's

what I did, and it turned out Dad was right. After a while she seemed content to leave her husband over at the cemetery(墓地). I finally quit delivering newspapers and didn't see Mrs. Stanley for several years. Then we crossed paths at a church fund-raiser(募捐活动). She was spooning mashed potatoes and looking happy. Four years before, she'd had to offer her paperboy a drink to have someone to talk with. Now she had friends. Her husband was gone, but life went on. I live in the city now, and my paperboy is a lady named Edna with three kids. She asks me how I'm doing. When I don't say "fine", she sticks around to hear my problems. She's lived in the city most of her life, but she knows about community. Community isn't so much a place as it is a state of mind. You find it whenever people ask how you're doing because they care, and not because they're getting paid to do so. Sometimes it's good to just smile, nod your head and listen. 21. Why did soda go up the author's nose one time? A. He was talking fast. C. He was in a hurry. A. He enjoyed the drink. C. He took the chance to rest. B. He was shocked. D. He was absent-minded. B. He wanted to be helpful. D. He tried to please his dad.

22. Why did the author sit and listen to Mrs. Stanley according to Paragraph 3?

23. Which of the following can replace the underlined phrase "work it our of her system"? A. recover from her sadness B. move out of the neighborhood C. turn to her old friends A. Open up to others. C. Pay for other's help D. speak out about her past B. Depend on each other. D. Care about one another. B 24. What does the author think people in a community should do?

It's surprising how much simple movement of the body can affect the way we think. Using expansive gestures with open arms makes us feel more powerful, crossing your arms makes you more determined and lying down can bring more insights(领悟). So if moving the body can have these effects, what about the clothes we wear? We're all well aware of how dressing up in different ways can make us feel more attractive, sporty or professional, depending on the clothes we wear, but can the clothes actually change cognitive(认知) performance or is it just a feeling? Adam and Galinsky tested the effect of simply wearing a white lab coat on people's powers of attention. The idea is that white coats are associated with scientists, who are in turn thought to have close attention to detail. What they found was that people wearing white coats performed better than those who weren't. Indeed, they made only half as many errors as those wearing their own clothes on the Stroop Test(one way of measuing attention). The reserchrs call the effect "enclothed cognition," suggesting that all manner of different clothes probably affect our cognition in many differnt ways. This opens the way for all sorts of clothes-based experiments. Is the writer who wears a fedora more creative? Is the psychologist wearing little round glasses and smoking a cigar more insightful? Does a chef's hat make the restaurant food taste better? From now on I will only be editing artcles for PsyBlog while wearing a white coat to help keep the typing error count low. Hopefully you will be doing your part by reading PsyBlog in a cap and gown(学位服).

25. What is the main idea of the text? A. Body movements change the way people think. B. How people dress has an influencee on their feelings. C. What people wear can affect their cognitive performance. D. People doing different jobs should wear different clothes. 26. Adam and Galinsky's experiment tested the effect of clothes on their wearers'______. A. insights A. Academic. B. movements B. Humorous. C. attention C. Formal. C D. appearance D. Hopeful. 27. How does the author sound in the last paragraph?

There are energy savings to be made from all recyclable materials, sometimes huge savings. Recycling plastics and aluminum, for instance, uses only 5% to 10% as much energy as producing new plastic or smelting(提炼) aluminum. Long before most of us even noticed what we now call "the environment," Buckminster Fuller said, "Pollution is nothing but the resources(资源)we are not harvesting. We allow them to be left around because we've been ignorant of their value." To take one example, let's compare the throwaway economy(经济)with a recycling economy as we feed a cat for life. Say your cat weigh 5kg and eats one can of food each day. Each empty can of its food weights 40g. In a throwaway economy, you would throw away 5,475 cans over the cat's 15-year lifetime. That's 219kg of steel-more than a fifth of a ton and more than 40 times the cat's weight. In a recycling economy, we would make one set of 100 cans to start with, then replace them over and over again with recycled cans. Since almost 3% of the metal is lost during reprocessing, we'd have to make an extra 10 cans each year. But in all, only 150 cans will be used up over the cat's lifetime-and we'll still have 100 left over for the next cat. Instead of using up 219kg of steel, we've used only 6kg. And because the process of recycling steel is less polluting than making new steel, we've also achieved the following significant savings: in energy use-47% to 74%; in air pollution-85%; in water pollution-35%; in water use-40%. 28. What does Buckminster Fuller say about pollution? A. It is becoming more serious. B. It destroys the environment. C. It benefits the economy. D. It is the resources yet to be used. 29. How many cans will be used up in a cat's 15-year lifetime in a recycling economy? A. 50 B. 100 C. 150 D. 250 30. What is the author's purpose in writing the text? A. To promote the idea of recycling. B. To introduce an environmentalist. C. To discuss the causes of pollution. D. To defend the throwaway economy. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

How to Remember What You Read Reading is important. But the next step is making sure that you remember what you've read! __31__you may have just read the text. But the ideas, concepts and images(形象)may fly right out of your head. Here are a few tricks for remembering what you read. ● __32__ If the plot, characters, or word usage is confusing for you, you likely won't be able to remember what you read. It's a bit like reading a foreign language. If you don't understand what you're reading, how would you remember it? But there are a few things you can do... Use a dictionary; look up the difficult words. ● Are you connected? Does a character remind you of a friend? Does the setting make you want to visit the place? Does the book inspire you, and make you want to read more? With some books, you may feel a connection right away. __33__ How willing are you to make the connections happen? ● Read it; hear it; be it! Read the lines. Then, speak them out loud. And, put some character into the words. When he was writing his novels, Charles Dickens would act out the parts of the characters. He'd make faces in the mirror, and change his voice for each character. __34__ ● How often do you read? If you read frequently, you'll likely have an easier time with remembering what you’re reading and what you've read. __35__As you make reading a regular part of your life, you'll make more connections, stay more focused and understand the text better. You’ll learn to enjoy literature- as you remember what you read! A. Are you confused? B. Practice makes perfect. C. What's your motivation? D. Memory is sometimes a tricky thing. E. Marking helps you remember what you read. F. But other books require a bit more work on your part. G. You can do the same thing when you are reading the text! 31-35 DAFGB 第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分〉 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 A young English teacher saved the lives of 30 students when he took__36__ of a bus after its driver suffered a serious heart attack. Guy Harvold,24, had __37__ the students and three course leaders from Gatwick airport, and they were travelling to Bourme mouth to __38__ their host families. They were going to __39__ a course at the ABC Language School in Bournemouth where Harvold works as a __40__. Harvold, who has not __41__ his driving test, said, "I realized the bus was out of control when I was __42__ the students." The bus ran into trees at the side of the road and he __43__the driver was slumped(倒伏) over the wheel. The driver didn't __44__. He was unconscious. The bus__45__ a lamp post and it broke the glass on the front door before Harvold __46__ to bring the bus to a stop. Police__47__ the young teacher's quick thinking. If he hadn't __48__ quickly, there could have been a terrible__49__.

The bus driver never regained consciousness and died at Easy Surrey Hospital. He had worked regulary with the __50__ and was very well regarded by the teachers and students. Harvold said, "I was __51__ that no one else was hurt, but I hoped that the driver would __52__. The head of the language school told the local newspaper that the school is going to send Harvold on a weekend __53__ to Dublin with a friend, thanking him for his __54__. A local driving school has also offered him six __55__driving lessons. 36. A. control 37. A. taken in 38. A. greet 39. A. present 40. A. drive 41. A. given 42. A. speaking to 43. A. learned 44. A. sleep 45. A. ran over 46. A. remembered 47. A. witnessed 48. A. appeared 49. A. delay 50. A. airport 51. A. happy 52. A. survive 53. A. project 54. A. bravery 55. A. necessary B. care B. thank B. introduce B. doctor B. marked B. noticed B. cry B. went by B. recorded B. reacted B. accident B. hospital B. fortunate B. retire B. trip B. skill B. easy C. advantage C. invite C. take C. librarian C. passed C. mentioned C. move C. carried C. praised C. escaped C. mistake C. school C. touched C. relax C. dinner C. quality C. different D. duty D. knowledge D. free D. note D. helped out D. meet D. organize D. teacher D. conducted D. looking for D. doubted D. recover D. hit D. managed D. understood D. interrupted D. experience D. police D. sorry D. succeed B. picked up C. tracked down

B. waiting for C. returning to

B. continued C. prepared

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Easy Ways to Build Vocabulary It's not all that hard to build an advanced and large vocabulary. Like many things in life, it's __56__ongoing process, and the best part of the process is that there's enough room for improvement, __57__means you'll just keep getting better and better. Of course you have to work at it. You wouldn't think that a few __58__(month) of exercise in your teens would be enough __59__ the rest of your life, and that's also true for building your vocabulary--you have to keep at it daily, and pretty soon you will find that you have an excellent vocabulary. One of the __60__(effect) ways to build vocabulary is to read good books. You need to __61__(real) read at least one good book a week, preferably a classic. This isn't as hard as it __62__(sound), and it is far better than any other method because you improve your vocabulary while __63__(read) an interesting piece of literature. Another nice thing is that you learn both new words and __64__(they) use unconsciously, meaning that you will tend to use the words __65__(learn) this way in conversations almost automatically.

参考答案: 56. an 57. which58. months59. for60. most effective61. really62. sounds63. reading 64. their(后面的 use 是名词)65. learned (过去分词作后置定语修饰 words). 【应用文写作】 假如你是李华,你们学校的外教 Mr. Hall 寒假不回国。你打算邀请他去你家里一起过春节。 文章内容 需包含以下要点: 1. 时间 2. 家人 3. 春节活动。 注意:1. 词数 80 词左右;2。 可以适当增加细节。 【解析】本次高考应用文延续 6 月浙江高考考查题材,为典型的邀请类应用文。这一文章题材逻辑清晰, 要点明确。但想要拿高分,新东方老师认为考生需适当增加细节并且配合亮点词句。 实战解析 文章开头:表明写信目的,可套用句式如, “I am cordially/sincerely inviting you to celebrate the Spring Festival with my family.” 文章中间段: 将所给关键词扩写成句或适当增加细节。扩写方向大都为增加“原因/目的/结果(如本 文中过春节的意义)/举例(如本文的春节具体活动)。 描述春节的目的或者意义时,可用应用文写作中 最高频亮点词,例:enhance 提高 the family bonds 联系; provide a platform for family reunion 聚会。对春节 具体活动的描述, 可套用以下句型: In addition to …. or …, it’s also a custom for Chinese people to … ; There is no exception 例外 to … 文章结尾段: 本文目的为邀请外教一起庆祝春节,除常用结尾句式,如“Your presence is highly expected”, 可适当增加参加这个活动对于外教老师的“意义”, 如“I believe that you can cultivate 种植, 耕作 a better understanding and appreciation of the traditional festival through the activities.” 【读后续写】 原题大意 文章中文大意:我的母亲和健忘(absent-minded and forgetful),一家四口去祖父母在的省自驾旅游, 途中发生了有趣的事情,比如爸爸叫我盯住妈妈,以防她开车的时候睡着: 第一段开头句:我们拿出来新买的帐篷 第二段开头句:我们愉快地欣赏路边的景色 关键词: mom dad David (弟弟) tent camping nice trouble forgetful absent-minded 浙江省在新高考改革后的第三次的英语高考中,又又又一次考了续写!(说好的概要和续写交替出现 呢?) 但是这次的续写话题和之前两次又不太一样, (2016 年 10 月: 森林迷路; 2017 年 6 月: 路上遇狼; ) 之前两次的话题都有着明确的主线和情节发展方向,但是这次的话题非常开放,主线非常不明确,进而导 致的问题是同学们不知道该怎么展开处理了 。 实战解析 首先,根据文章当中第二段内容比较开心的基调,第一段的故事情节应该比较偏向正面感情色彩,例 如: 我们在露营过程中一起搭建帐篷的开心时光或露营过程中的趣事 (尤其是前文有铺垫妈妈是个 forgetful 的人,这一点也可以埋下伏笔来表达后面过程中由于妈妈健忘而带来的趣事)(也有同学在此处描述了露 营过程中对其他陌生人提供帮助,来集中体现 nice 这一个点); 其次,第二段开头说来描述欣赏风景: 此处可以用一些描述景色环境的表达来烘托下氛围,但是第 二段不能仅仅只能有景色描述; 例如:这里可以实写和虚写结合的方式,看到景色(同时回忆往事), 最终把故事的落脚点放在“家人的感情”“亲情”“生活的乐趣”“与妈妈一起的趣事”等等角度都可以的;当然

也有同学描述与陌生人的相遇,引出了陌生人的善意这个主题;总之这次的话题比较开放,情节可以写的 角度比较多; 再次,除了情节方面的内容以外,以下几个方面是考生需要着重关注的得分点:字迹清晰程度,语法 多样性和句式丰富性,衔接成分的使用,语言的场景恰当程度;高考英语写作中,考生所采用的句型结构 一定程度上影响了老师对考生写作水平的判断;说到语法丰富性方面,例如在作文中用到从句结构、强调 句、非谓语结构等。尤其应该注意的是:避免句型单一化,如通篇使用定语从句,这样反而使阅卷老师觉 得该考生对句型掌握的不够充分。应该在文章写作中有意识地多使用不同的句型结构。例如:They said it was such a beautiful day that they would remember it forever.(such...that 结构)。 由于阅卷老师在评卷时的 时间十分有限,在作文中放入显耀的连接词可以帮助老师快速抓住文章结构,促使老师更好地理解文章主 旨,同时清晰的连接词可以显示作者写作时严谨的逻辑。例如:upon one's arrival, then, however, besides, while 等。


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