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雅思小作文词汇总结


雅思写作 Part 1 词汇准备: ①上升 ②急剧上升 ③下降 ④急剧下降 ⑤B 由 A 组成 P2

V.

⑥波动 ⑦稳定在一个水平线上 ⑧达到最高点 ⑨达到最低点 ⑩达到特定数量
11 表示占多少的动词(后面加%或数字) ○ 12 表示对将来数字的预测 ○

①表示速度快 ②表示缓慢,逐渐或持续 ③表示大幅度

adj.

④表示小幅度 ⑤表示大约的副词或词组 ⑥表示分别的副词 ⑦表示类比 ⑧表示对比

注:●阴影部分的词汇既可以做动词,也可以做名词 ●括号中没有标注 p2, p3 的都为规则动词。 ● 为较好的表述,推荐多用。 ●adj 组括号中没有标明副词形式的,则副词形式直接加-ly 即可。

1

V:

①上升:

无宾语则无介词,若后面带表示数量的宾语,则用介词 to

a. go up (went up) b. rise (rose risen) c. grow (grew d. increase e. ascend grown)

例子: ? V: ⅰ The percentage of TV audiences
⊙went up ⊙rose ⊙grew ⊙increased ⊙ascended

slightly from about 3% at 6am to about 7% at 8pm.

? n: ⅰ There was a slight
⊙rise ⊙increase

in the percentage of TV

audiences from about 3% at 6am to about 7% at 8pm.

2

ⅱ The percentage of TV audiences

⊙saw ⊙witnessed ⊙showed

a slight

⊙rise ⊙increase

from about 3% at 6am to about 7% at 8pm.

★模仿翻译: 在上个季度,对于鸡肉的消耗(consumption)略有下降,从 1 月的 300 万降至 3 月的 150 万。 动词翻译法:


名词翻译法:




3

②急剧上升:V: f. jump g. surge

无宾语则无介词,若后面带表示数量的宾语,则用介词 to

h. shoot up (shot up) i. soar j. 上 升 V ( 见 上 ① ) + 快 速 adv

(sharply/rapidly/dramatically/drastically/precipitously/ steeply) f. rocket
⊙jumped ⊙surged ⊙shot up ⊙soared ⊙ rose sharply ⊙rocketed

ⅰThe percentage of TV audiences

until 8pm.

ⅱ It can be seen from the line graph that the percentage of
⊙jumped ⊙surged ⊙shot up ⊙soared ⊙ rose sharply ⊙rocketed

radio audiences

from 6am to 8am.

★模仿翻译:

从数据中可以看出(As can be seen from the figures), Monica 公司对于专辑(album)的销售从去年的 5000 万急剧上升至 今年的 8000 万。

4

③下降:V:

无宾语则无介词,若后面带表示数量的宾语,则用介词 to

k. decline l. dip (dipped) m. fall (fell fallen) n. decrease o. drop (dropped dropped) p. descend q. sink (sank sunk) r. slump 例子: ? V: ⅰ: For the rest of the day, the percentage
⊙declined ⊙dipped ⊙fell ⊙decreased ⊙dropped ⊙descended ⊙sank ⊙slumped

gradually, with a slight increase from 4pm to 5pm and around 11pm.
⊙decline ⊙dip ⊙drop ⊙fall ⊙slump

? n: ⅰ:For the rest of the day, there was a gradual

in

the percentage, with a slight increase from 4pm to 5pm and
5

around 11pm. 请思考:无灵主语的用法

★ 模仿翻译: 失业率( Unemplyment rate )有了明显的( substantial ) 下降。 动词翻译法:

名词翻译法:

6

④ 急剧下降:无宾语则无介词,若后面带表示数量的宾语,则用介词 to a. plummet: b. plunge c. 表 示 下 降 的 动 词 ( 参 看 ③ ) + 快 速 (sharply/rapidly/dramatically/drastically/precipitously/ steeply) 例子: ? V:
⊙plummeted ⊙plunged ⊙declined/fell/decreased/dropped/descended/sank + sharply/rapidly/dramatically/drastically/precipitously/ steeply (任意混搭)

adv

ⅰHowever, the percentage

to 3% the next 10 hours.

? n ⅰHowever, the next 10 hours
⊙saw ⊙witnessed ⊙showed

⊙ a sharp/rapid/dramatic/drastic/precipitous/steep decline/fall/decrease/drop ⊙a plunge

+

to

3%

in

the

percentage.
7

ⅱHowever, there was
⊙ a sharp/rapid/dramatic/drastic/precipitous/steep decline/fall/decrease/drop ⊙a plunge +

to 3% in the

Percentage.

⑤ B

由 A 组成:用来概括组成部分:以下表述都不用于进行

时态,请思考为什么。 a. be made up of b. be composed of c. consist of d. comprise
⊙are made up of ⊙are composed of ⊙consisted of ⊙comprised of

例子: Households that

only one parent or

a single adult were less likely to be poor.

8

补充: A 组成 B a. A make B up b. A compose B c. A form B d. A constitute B e. (不多见) A comprise B

So: The committee

⊙is made up of ⊙is composed of ⊙consists of ⊙comprises of

2 lawyers, 2 journalists

and a teacher.

2 lawyers, 2 journalists and a teacher the committee

⊙make up ⊙compose ⊙form ⊙constitute

9

⑥ 表示波动的词语

a. fluctuate b. fluctuation

vi fluctuate between A and B/ fluctuate around n

例子:
? As

can be seen from the line graph, the number of the TV

audiences fluctuated over these 24 hours.
? In

spite of some fluctuations in the expected percentages, the

proportion of older people will continue to rise in the next 2 decades.

⑦ 稳定在一个水平线上:无宾语则无介词,若后面带表示数量的宾语,则用介词 at.

a. level off at b. level out at c. hover at d. stabilize at e. remain stable at f. reach a plateau at 例子:
? The ⊙levelled off ⊙levelled out ⊙hovered ⊙stabilized ⊙remained stable ⊙reached a plateau

number of cases of the disease

in

2009.
10

⑧到达最高点: a. peak at

无宾语则无介词,若后面带表示数量的宾语,则用介词 at.

b. reach the peak at c. reach the highest point at 例子:
? The ⊙ peaked at ⊙ reached the peak at ⊙ reached the highest point at

figure of the TV audiences

500

at 9:00.
⑨ 到达最低点:无宾语则无介词,若后面带表示数量的宾语,则用介词 at.

a. reach the bottom at b. bottom out at c. reach the lowest point at d. drop to its lowest level at 例子:
? The

government claimed that the recession had

⊙ reached the bottom ⊙ bottomed out ⊙ reached the lowest point ⊙dropped to its lowest level

.

? Inflation

⊙ reached the bottom ⊙ bottomed out ⊙ reached the lowest point ⊙dropped to its lowest level

in five years.

11

⑩ 到达多少数量的

V 或者短语

a. reach b. hit c. arrive at d. amount to e. register f. stand at 达到特定的水平(或者数量,高度等) 例子:
? At ⊙reached ⊙hit ⊙arrived at ⊙amounted to ⊙registered ⊙stood at

9pm, the audiences of the radio in UK

3500.

11 表示占多少的动词(后面加%或数字) ○

a. account for b. represent c. constitute d. make up e. Occupy 例子:?In 2003, men graduates.
⊙accounted for ⊙represented ⊙constituted ⊙made up ⊙occupied

53%

of

Master ’s

12

12 表示对将来数字的预测 ○

a. expect b. predict c. project d. Forecast (forecast-forecast) e. anticipate 注:a, b, c, d 四项都可用作:be ~ed to do sth./be ~ed; 而 e

项只能单独用作 be ~ed,而不可以用 be

~ed to do sth.

例子:
? The

unemployment rate is

⊙expected ⊙predicted ⊙projected ⊙forecast

to fall.

? A hike

in the oil price is anticipated.

13

Adj. / Adv
① 表示速度快的

adj.

a. sharp b. rapid c. steep d. precipitous e. dramatic (dramatically) f. drastic (drastically)

例子: Adj.的例子
?A ⊙sharp ⊙rapid ⊙steep ⊙precipitous ⊙dramatic ⊙drastic

more

rise in the figure of TV audiences is

predicted between 2030 and 2040.
? Adv

的例子

It is predicted that the figure of TV audiences will rise much
⊙sharply ⊙rapidly ⊙steeply ⊙precipitously ⊙dramatically ⊙drastically

between 2030 and 2040.

14



表示缓慢,逐渐或者持续

a. gradual (gradually) b. gentle (gently) c. steady (steadily) d. slow e. consistent 例子: Adj.的例子
? The

number of people working as scientists and technicians
⊙gradual ⊙gentle ⊙steady ⊙slow ⊙consistent

in industrialized countries witnessed a

rise

from 55 to 85 per 1000 people between 1980 to 1990. Adv.的例子
? The

number of people working as scientists and technicians
⊙gradually ⊙gently ⊙steadily ⊙slowly ⊙consistently

in industrialized countries rose

from 55 to 85 per 1000 people between 1980 to 1990.

15

③表示大幅度的 adj a. marked b. substantial c. considerable (considerably)
d. significant 例子:
? The

consumption of fast food also declined, but much less

⊙markedly ⊙substantially ⊙considerably ⊙significantly

.

④表示小幅度的 adj a. modest(谦虚的,端庄的) b. moderate(温和的,有节制的) c. slight d. marginal (marginally)
例子:
? The

consumption of fast food also declined, but much

⊙modestly ⊙moderately ⊙slightly ⊙marginally

.

16

⑤表示大约的 adv 或者词组 a. about b. around c. approximately d. roughly e. just over+数字或百分比,表示 a 或 a%多一点。 f. just under+数字或百分比,表示 a 或 a%少一点。

例子:
? Inflation ? In

fell to just over 4%.通胀降至 4%多一点儿。

1940 the proportion of people aged 65 and over stood at

⊙about ⊙around ⊙approximately ⊙roughly

7% in Sweden.

⑥ 表示分别的

adv

a. respectively (用在句子的结尾,表示两组元素分别对应) 例子:
? During

this 25-year period, the consumption of beef and lamb

fell dramatically to approximately 100 grams and 55 grams respectively.

17

⑦ 表示类比:

a. Similarly: used to say that two facts, statements,etc are like each other b. likewise:the same; in a similar way 类似的...同样的... 例子:
? The

United States won most of the track and field events. , in swimming, the top three places went to

⊙Similarly ⊙Likewise

America.

18

⑧ 表示对比:

a. Unlike... 介词:用在句首表示对比; 与...不同 b. By/In contrast, c. A 句, while/whereas B 句 或者: while/whereas B 句,A 句

例子:
? Unlike

the consumption of beef, the consumption of lamb fell

dramatically to 55 grams a year.
?

In Australia, coal was the fuel for 50 units of electricity

produced in 1980. By/In contrast, France used coal as a source for only 25 units of electricity in the same year.
? The

figure for Brazil declined to only 14% while/whereas the

figure of Russia grew to just under 36%.

19

20


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