Unit 4 Making the news
下面是本部分的重点词汇, 你能准确填出内容吗？ 1. 根据提示写出下列单词 crime (n. )罪行；犯罪 (1)_____ edition (n. )版(本)；版次 (2)______ department n. )部门；部；处；系 (3)___________( polish (vt. ) 擦亮；磨光；润色 (4)______
chief (adj. ) 主要的; 首席的 (n. )首领；长官 (5)_____
process (vt. ) 加工；处理(n. )过程；程序；步骤 (6)_______
accurately (adv. ) 精确地 (7)accurate (adj. )精确的; 正确的→_________ accuracy (n. ) 精确 →________ junior (adj. ) 年轻的；低 (8)senior (adj. ) 年长的；高年级的→______ 年级的
approval (n. )认可 (9)approve (vt. )赞成；认可；批准→________
appoint (vt. ) 委派；任命 (10)appointment (n. )约会; 任命→ _______
2. 补全短语 in (1)get absorbed __ to . . (2)refer. . . __.
(3)begin with ____
of (4)ahead __
on to (5)pass sth. ___
of all (6)last __ with (7)be happy ____ to (8)be supposed __
1. ★ahead of(时间或空间上)在??前面；胜过, 强于(用作表语) ①We need it in this edition to be ahead of the other newspapers. 我们这一版就要用它, 这样我们就抢在其他报纸的前面了。 ② The time in Beijing is seven hours ahead of the time in London. 北京时间要比伦敦时间早七个小时。 ③He is ahead of me in math. 他的数学比我好。
【拓展】 ahead of time
get ahead of
继续向前, 说吧, 干吧, 请吧
go ahead with sth.
④He just went ahead with his work.
⑤You need to work hard to keep ahead.
⑥Look straight ahead and never turn your head back.
of/keep ahead/look ahead)。
ahead of ①He was always ________the rest of the class.
ahead for few more yards, I can win this ②If I can only keep _____________a
looks ahead ③A wise man always ___________. 聪明的人总是会为未来作打算。
ahead ④They went __________and told us what had happened.
⑤(2011· 辽宁高考)—I probably shouldn’t have any more cake.
—Oh, ________. It won’t kill you.
A. go ahead
B. hold on, please
C. you’re welcome
D. that’ll do
【解析】选 A。考查情景交际。句意 : ——我可能不应该再吃
蛋糕了。——哦, 吃点吧。对你没有害处的。go ahead吃吧, 做 吧, 一般视具体语境来翻译；hold on, please请坚持, 请别挂断；
you’re welcome您太客气了；that’ll do会奏效的。
2. accurate adj. 精确的; 正确的
①He would have to be accurate.
②I’ll try to work out a more accurate figure.
【拓展】(1)be accurate in
adv. 精确地, 准确地
n. 精确, 准确
③Journalists are not always accurate in what they write.
④He described the accident accurately/ with accuracy.
【学以致用】汉译英。 ①她使用语言总是很准确。 She is always very accurate in her use of language. ___________________________________________ ②他的信息是准确的。
His information was accurate. ___________________________
完成句子。 A more accurate method/way to compute the average. ③__________________________is 一个更精确的方法是求平均数。
3. ★senior adj. 年长的；高年级的; 高级的
①The first person who saw his article was a senior editor from
②They are senior students.
【拓展】(1)be senior to
be senior to sb. by. . . years/be. . . years senior to sb.
be one’s senior by. . . years
③John is five years senior to me. = John is senior to me by five years. 约翰比我大五岁。
(1)在表达“比较”意义时, “senior”要与介词“to”连用, 不用 “than”。 (2)“senior”的反义词为“junior”, 意为“年轻的, 低年级的；低 级的”。 (3)此类形容词没有比较级和最高级形式。
①be junior to sb. ___________
②be superior to sb. /sth.
③be inferior to sb. /sth.
④be preferable to sb. /sth.
⑤be prior to sb. /sth.
【学以致用】完成句子。 a senior officer the bank. ①His father was _____________at 他父亲是那家银行的高级职员。 a senior high school ②Lying north of the church is _________________. 位于教堂以北的是一所高中。 senior by ③Paul is his brother’s ________two years. 保罗比他弟弟大两岁。
4. ★approve vt. 赞成；认可；批准
①Last of all, the chief editor read it and approved it.
最后, 主编审读了这篇稿子, 并且批准发表。
②She thought for a moment and then approved.
【拓展】(1)approve of sb. / sb. ’s doing sth.
approve sth. 批准, 通过
give one’s approval to
n. 赞成, 同意；批准, 通过
with approval of
③I am afraid your parents won’t approve of your marrying him. 恐怕你的父母不赞成你和他结婚。
④The committee gave its approval to the plan.
①My father approved of my going to a border region. → gave his approval to my going to border region. My father ____________________________a ②(2012·长沙高二检测)Her father will never ____ of her
marriage to you.
A. think B. demand C. inform D. approve
【解析】选D。句意: 她父亲永远不会同意她和你结婚。 approve of赞同??, 为固定搭配。
5. process (1) vt. 加工；处理
①All the information was then ready to be processed into film
②The information is being processed.
【归纳】 be processed into. . . 被制成??
(2) n. 过程; 程序；步骤
【拓展】 be in the process of doing sth.
in the process of time
③The bridge is in the process of being built. 这座桥正在建设中。 ④ Changes are in process. 变化正在发生。
【学以致用】完成句子。 the process of moving ① I twisted my ankle in _____________________some furniture. 我在挪动家具时崴了脚。 is traditionally processed ②This kind of medicine ______________________. 这种药是采用传统方法加工的。
6. Although he realized the man had been lying, Zhou Yang
knew he must not accuse him directly.
【学以致用】①将上面的句子翻译成汉语。 尽管他认为那个人一直在说谎, 但周阳懂得他决不能直接指责 ______________________________________________________ 那个人。 ________ ②仿写句子。 尽管他一直不停地努力工作, 但他还是没能按时完成那项任务。 Although he had been keeping on working hard, he didn’t finish ______________________________________________________ that task on time. _________________
7. Then as the article was going to be written in English Zhou
Yang also took a copy to the native speaker employed by the
newspaper to polish the style. 【分析】(1)此句为主从复合句。 (2)句中as引导了原因状语从句。 (3)过去分词短语“employed by. . . ”在句中充当后置定语, 修饰 先行词“the native speaker”。
【学以致用】将上面的句子翻译成汉语。 因为这篇文章要用英文来写 , 所以周阳拿了一份稿子给一位母语 ______________________________________________________ 为英语的外国雇员来对语言风格进行润色。 ________________________________________
1. appointment n. 约会; 任命
① Practise in pairs making appointments.
【拓展】(1)have/make an appointment with sb. 与某人约会 have/make an appointment to do. . . 约好做?? the appointment as (2)appoint be appointed to appoint sb. as ??的任命 vt. 任命, 委托, 指定, 约定 被任命为 任命某人为??
②I have an appointment with the president of his firm this
③ They made the appointment of Peter as chairman of the
④He was appointed to a high office. 他被任命为高级官员。
①He had appointed to meet us at the entrance of the theatre. →
made an appointment to meet at the entrance of the He had __________________________us
②(2012·温州高二检测)Mr. Black is a careful and experienced engineer, so he is often _____ to finish some challenging tasks.
【解析】选 C 。考查固定搭配。 be appointed to 被委派 / 任命
2. I expect there will be something about this on the television news. 我期望电视新闻会对这件事作一点报道。 【分析】(1)此句为主从复合句。 (2)句中“there will be something about this on the television news”为省掉引导词that的宾语从句。 (3)从句为“there be”结构。
I expect that there will be a chance to go abroad to study. _________________________________________________
标题是新闻的题目 , 是编辑对最有新闻价值的内容进行概括和
再创造的结果。导语是开头的第一段或第一句话 , 它扼要地叙 述了报道的核心内容 , 一般会开门见山地叙述事件的时间、地
点、人物等。主体是新闻报道的主要部分 , 是对导语的进一步
展开: 因此要写出事情发生的具体细节(根据情况可以用一段或 几段文字对事情进行具体说明 ) 。结束语一般是最后一句话或 者最后一段话, 它通常是对全文内容的总结。
5月1日, 高二(3)班的学生志愿者Li Yue和Zhang Hua去阳光 敬老院 (Sunshine Nursing Home)开展志愿者活动 (送水果、打 扫、聊天等)。假如你是校英语报的记者, 请按下列要点用英语 写一则100个词左右的新闻报道。
Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly ______________________________________________________
By Chen Jie, School Newspaper
1. 确定文体: 新闻报道, 属应用文。 2. 主体时态: 以一般过去时为主。 3. 主体人称: 以第三人称为主。 4. 内容要点: 5月1日, 高二(3)班学生去阳光敬老院献爱心； 老人的反应；自己的感受。
1. 词汇: ①志愿者活动 ②某人一到来 ③和??聊天 ④因??感谢某人 the voluntary work _________________ upon one’s arrival _________________ chat with ________ thank sb. for ___________
2. 句式: ①5月1日, 高二(3)班的学生志愿者去阳光敬老院(Sunshine Nursing Home)开展志愿者活动。 一句多译: On May Day, student volunteers from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home and did ___________________________________some voluntary work.
On May Day, student volunteers from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home to do _________________________________some voluntary work.
②一到达, 他们就立刻开始工作。 As soon as they arrived, they started to work at once. (用on+ doing 改写句子) On arriving they started to work at once. ___________,
After everything was done, they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly. (用with复合结构改写句子) With everything done they sat in the yard chatting with the ___________________, elderly. (用独立主格结构改写句子)
Everything done they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly. _______________,
What they did has brought joy to others and enriched their own
(用not only. . . but also. . . 结构改写句子, 且not only置于句首) Not only has what they did brought joy to others, but also it has ______________________________________________________ enriched their own lives. ______________________
Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly On May Day, Li Yue and Zhang Hua, student volunteers from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home and did some voluntary work. Upon their arrival, Li Yue and
Zhang Hua were warmly welcomed, and respectfully, they
presented the elderly with flowers and fruits. Then they started working at once, cleaning the windows and sweeping the floor. Everything done, they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly.
When it was time for the volunteers to leave, the elderly people thanked them for their kindness. They said it was such a beautiful day that they would remember it forever. Li Yue and Zhang Hua were very happy. What they did has brought joy to others and enriched their own lives. By Chen Jie, School Newspaper