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人教版高二英语必修五Unit 4 Using Language


Unit 4 Making the news
Using Language

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下面是本部分的重点词汇, 你能准确填出内容吗? 1. 根据提示写出下列单词 crime (n. )罪行;犯罪 (1)_____ edition (n. )版(本);版次 (2)______ department n. )部门;部;处;系 (3)___________( polish (vt. ) 擦亮;磨光;润色 (4)______

chief (adj. ) 主要的; 首席的 (n. )首领;长官 (5)_____

process (vt. ) 加工;处理(n. )过程;程序;步骤 (6)_______
accurately (adv. ) 精确地 (7)accurate (adj. )精确的; 正确的→_________ accuracy (n. ) 精确 →________ junior (adj. ) 年轻的;低 (8)senior (adj. ) 年长的;高年级的→______ 年级的

approval (n. )认可 (9)approve (vt. )赞成;认可;批准→________
appoint (vt. ) 委派;任命 (10)appointment (n. )约会; 任命→ _______

2. 补全短语 in (1)get absorbed __ to . . (2)refer. . . __.

致力于
把??提交给??

(3)begin with ____
of (4)ahead __

以??开始
在??的前面

on to (5)pass sth. ___
of all (6)last __ with (7)be happy ____ to (8)be supposed __

把??传递给??

最后
对??满意

应该

1. ★ahead of(时间或空间上)在??前面;胜过, 强于(用作表语) ①We need it in this edition to be ahead of the other newspapers. 我们这一版就要用它, 这样我们就抢在其他报纸的前面了。 ② The time in Beijing is seven hours ahead of the time in London. 北京时间要比伦敦时间早七个小时。 ③He is ahead of me in math. 他的数学比我好。

【拓展】 ahead of time

提前

get ahead of
go ahead

超过;胜过
继续向前, 说吧, 干吧, 请吧

go ahead with sth.
keep ahead

继续进行某事
保持领先地位

look ahead

向前看

④He just went ahead with his work.

他只管不停地工作。
⑤You need to work hard to keep ahead.

你需要努力才能保持领先优势。
⑥Look straight ahead and never turn your head back.

往前看, 绝不可回头。

【学以致用】选词并用其适当形式填空(go ahead/ahead

of/keep ahead/look ahead)。
ahead of ①He was always ________the rest of the class.

他在班上总是遥遥领先。
ahead for few more yards, I can win this ②If I can only keep _____________a

race.
我只要能再领先几码, 就能在这场赛跑中取胜。

looks ahead ③A wise man always ___________. 聪明的人总是会为未来作打算。
ahead ④They went __________and told us what had happened.

他们接着说下去, 告诉我们发生的事情。

⑤(2011· 辽宁高考)—I probably shouldn’t have any more cake.

—Oh, ________. It won’t kill you.
A. go ahead

B. hold on, please
C. you’re welcome

D. that’ll do

【解析】选 A。考查情景交际。句意 : ——我可能不应该再吃
蛋糕了。——哦, 吃点吧。对你没有害处的。go ahead吃吧, 做 吧, 一般视具体语境来翻译;hold on, please请坚持, 请别挂断;

you’re welcome您太客气了;that’ll do会奏效的。

2. accurate adj. 精确的; 正确的

①He would have to be accurate.
他将必须做到准确无误。

②I’ll try to work out a more accurate figure.
我会设法算得再精确一点。

【拓展】(1)be accurate in

在??方面准确无误

(2)accurately
(3)accuracy

adv. 精确地, 准确地
n. 精确, 准确

with accuracy

精确地, 准确地

③Journalists are not always accurate in what they write.

新闻工作者的报道并非总是准确无误。
④He described the accident accurately/ with accuracy.

他准确地描述了这场事故。

【学以致用】汉译英。 ①她使用语言总是很准确。 She is always very accurate in her use of language. ___________________________________________ ②他的信息是准确的。

His information was accurate. ___________________________
完成句子。 A more accurate method/way to compute the average. ③__________________________is 一个更精确的方法是求平均数。

3. ★senior adj. 年长的;高年级的; 高级的

①The first person who saw his article was a senior editor from
his department.

看到他这篇文章的第一个人是他们部门里的一位高级编审。
②They are senior students.

他们是高年级学生。

【拓展】(1)be senior to

比??年长/职位高

be senior to sb. by. . . years/be. . . years senior to sb.
比某人年长多少岁

(2) senior
be one’s senior by. . . years

n. 较年长者
比某人年长多少岁

③John is five years senior to me. = John is senior to me by five years. 约翰比我大五岁。

【名师点津】

与众不同的senior

(1)在表达“比较”意义时, “senior”要与介词“to”连用, 不用 “than”。 (2)“senior”的反义词为“junior”, 意为“年轻的, 低年级的;低 级的”。 (3)此类形容词没有比较级和最高级形式。

【想一想】

不用than而用to表示“比”的短语。
①be junior to sb. ___________

②be superior to sb. /sth.
③be inferior to sb. /sth.

___________
___________

④be preferable to sb. /sth.
⑤be prior to sb. /sth.

___________
___________

【拓展延伸】

①比某人年龄小/职位低
②比??好/强

③比??差/级别低
④比??更合适

⑤比??早

【学以致用】完成句子。 a senior officer the bank. ①His father was _____________at 他父亲是那家银行的高级职员。 a senior high school ②Lying north of the church is _________________. 位于教堂以北的是一所高中。 senior by ③Paul is his brother’s ________two years. 保罗比他弟弟大两岁。

4. ★approve vt. 赞成;认可;批准

①Last of all, the chief editor read it and approved it.
最后, 主编审读了这篇稿子, 并且批准发表。

②She thought for a moment and then approved.
她想了一会儿, 然后同意了。

【拓展】(1)approve of sb. / sb. ’s doing sth.

赞同某人/同意某人做某事
approve sth. 批准, 通过

(2)approval
give one’s approval to

n. 赞成, 同意;批准, 通过
同意批准

with approval of

经批准

③I am afraid your parents won’t approve of your marrying him. 恐怕你的父母不赞成你和他结婚。

④The committee gave its approval to the plan.
委员会已批准了这项计划。

【学以致用】句型转换。
①My father approved of my going to a border region. → gave his approval to my going to border region. My father ____________________________a ②(2012·长沙高二检测)Her father will never ____ of her

marriage to you.
A. think B. demand C. inform D. approve

【解析】选D。句意: 她父亲永远不会同意她和你结婚。 approve of赞同??, 为固定搭配。

5. process (1) vt. 加工;处理

①All the information was then ready to be processed into film
negatives.

此后, 所有的报道材料就要被制成胶片。
②The information is being processed.

正在处理这些信息。
【归纳】 be processed into. . . 被制成??

(2) n. 过程; 程序;步骤

【拓展】 be in the process of doing sth.
正在做某事;在做某事的过程中

in the process of time
in process

随着时间的推移/逐渐地
在进行中

③The bridge is in the process of being built. 这座桥正在建设中。 ④ Changes are in process. 变化正在发生。

【学以致用】完成句子。 the process of moving ① I twisted my ankle in _____________________some furniture. 我在挪动家具时崴了脚。 is traditionally processed ②This kind of medicine ______________________. 这种药是采用传统方法加工的。

6. Although he realized the man had been lying, Zhou Yang

knew he must not accuse him directly.

【分析】

【学以致用】①将上面的句子翻译成汉语。 尽管他认为那个人一直在说谎, 但周阳懂得他决不能直接指责 ______________________________________________________ 那个人。 ________ ②仿写句子。 尽管他一直不停地努力工作, 但他还是没能按时完成那项任务。 Although he had been keeping on working hard, he didn’t finish ______________________________________________________ that task on time. _________________

7. Then as the article was going to be written in English Zhou

Yang also took a copy to the native speaker employed by the
newspaper to polish the style. 【分析】(1)此句为主从复合句。 (2)句中as引导了原因状语从句。 (3)过去分词短语“employed by. . . ”在句中充当后置定语, 修饰 先行词“the native speaker”。

【学以致用】将上面的句子翻译成汉语。 因为这篇文章要用英文来写 , 所以周阳拿了一份稿子给一位母语 ______________________________________________________ 为英语的外国雇员来对语言风格进行润色。 ________________________________________

1. appointment n. 约会; 任命
① Practise in pairs making appointments.

两人一组练习预约。

【拓展】(1)have/make an appointment with sb. 与某人约会 have/make an appointment to do. . . 约好做?? the appointment as (2)appoint be appointed to appoint sb. as ??的任命 vt. 任命, 委托, 指定, 约定 被任命为 任命某人为??

②I have an appointment with the president of his firm this

afternoon. 我和他公司的总经理约在今天下午见面。
③ They made the appointment of Peter as chairman of the

union. 他们任命彼得为工会主席。
④He was appointed to a high office. 他被任命为高级官员。

【学以致用】句型转换。

①He had appointed to meet us at the entrance of the theatre. →
made an appointment to meet at the entrance of the He had __________________________us

theatre.

②(2012·温州高二检测)Mr. Black is a careful and experienced engineer, so he is often _____ to finish some challenging tasks.

A. appreciated
C. appointed

B. approached
D. agreed

【解析】选 C 。考查固定搭配。 be appointed to 被委派 / 任命
去??。

2. I expect there will be something about this on the television news. 我期望电视新闻会对这件事作一点报道。 【分析】(1)此句为主从复合句。 (2)句中“there will be something about this on the television news”为省掉引导词that的宾语从句。 (3)从句为“there be”结构。

【学以致用】仿写句子。 我期望着有一个到国外学习的机会。

I expect that there will be a chance to go abroad to study. _________________________________________________

新闻报道
新闻报道一般包括标题、导语、主体和结束语四个部分。

标题是新闻的题目 , 是编辑对最有新闻价值的内容进行概括和
再创造的结果。导语是开头的第一段或第一句话 , 它扼要地叙 述了报道的核心内容 , 一般会开门见山地叙述事件的时间、地

点、人物等。主体是新闻报道的主要部分 , 是对导语的进一步
展开: 因此要写出事情发生的具体细节(根据情况可以用一段或 几段文字对事情进行具体说明 ) 。结束语一般是最后一句话或 者最后一段话, 它通常是对全文内容的总结。

5月1日, 高二(3)班的学生志愿者Li Yue和Zhang Hua去阳光 敬老院 (Sunshine Nursing Home)开展志愿者活动 (送水果、打 扫、聊天等)。假如你是校英语报的记者, 请按下列要点用英语 写一则100个词左右的新闻报道。

1. 时间、地点、人物、活动;
2. 老人们的反应;

3. 简短评论。
注意: 报道的标题和记者姓名已给出(不计入总词数)。

Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly ______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

By Chen Jie, School Newspaper

1. 确定文体: 新闻报道, 属应用文。 2. 主体时态: 以一般过去时为主。 3. 主体人称: 以第三人称为主。 4. 内容要点: 5月1日, 高二(3)班学生去阳光敬老院献爱心; 老人的反应;自己的感受。

1. 词汇: ①志愿者活动 ②某人一到来 ③和??聊天 ④因??感谢某人 the voluntary work _________________ upon one’s arrival _________________ chat with ________ thank sb. for ___________

2. 句式: ①5月1日, 高二(3)班的学生志愿者去阳光敬老院(Sunshine Nursing Home)开展志愿者活动。 一句多译: On May Day, student volunteers from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home and did ___________________________________some voluntary work.

On May Day, student volunteers from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home to do _________________________________some voluntary work.

②一到达, 他们就立刻开始工作。 As soon as they arrived, they started to work at once. (用on+ doing 改写句子) On arriving they started to work at once. ___________,

③所有的事情做完之后, 他们在院子里坐着与老人聊天。
After everything was done, they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly. (用with复合结构改写句子) With everything done they sat in the yard chatting with the ___________________, elderly. (用独立主格结构改写句子)

Everything done they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly. _______________,

④他们所做的一切给别人带来了快乐, 也丰富了自己的生活。
What they did has brought joy to others and enriched their own

lives.
(用not only. . . but also. . . 结构改写句子, 且not only置于句首) Not only has what they did brought joy to others, but also it has ______________________________________________________ enriched their own lives. ______________________

Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly On May Day, Li Yue and Zhang Hua, student volunteers from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home and did some voluntary work. Upon their arrival, Li Yue and

Zhang Hua were warmly welcomed, and respectfully, they
presented the elderly with flowers and fruits. Then they started working at once, cleaning the windows and sweeping the floor. Everything done, they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly.

When it was time for the volunteers to leave, the elderly people thanked them for their kindness. They said it was such a beautiful day that they would remember it forever. Li Yue and Zhang Hua were very happy. What they did has brought joy to others and enriched their own lives. By Chen Jie, School Newspaper


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