贵州省八校联盟 高三第二次联考试卷 英语
本试卷分为第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分，满分 120 分，考试用时 100 分钟。 注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必在答题卡上相应的位置准确填写自己的姓名、准考证号，并将条形 码粘贴在指定位置。 2．选择题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号按要求涂黑。如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。非选择题用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答 题区域内。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 阅读理解 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A As any plane passenger will confirm, a crying baby is almost impossible to ignore, no matter how hard you try. Now scientists believe they may have worked out why. A baby ’s cry pulls at the heartstrings(扣人心弦) in a way while other cries don’t, researchers found. Researchers found that a baby’s cry can trigger unique emotional responses in the brain, making it impossible for us to ignore them---whether we are parents or not. Other types of cries, including calls of animals in great pain, fail to get the same response---suggesting the brain is programmed to respond specifically to a baby ’s cry. A team of Oxford University scientists scanned the brains of 28 men and women as they listened to a variety of calls and cries. After 100 milliseconds two parts of the brain that respond to emotion lit up. Their response to a baby ’s cry was particularly strong. The response was seen in both men and women—even if they had no children. Researcher Dr Christine Parsons said, “You might read that men should just notice a baby and step over it and not see it, but it ’s not true. There is a special processing in men and women, which makes sense from an evolutionary(演变的) view that both men and women would be responding to these cries.” The study was in people who were not parents, yet they are all responding at 100ms to these particular cries, so this might be a fundamental response present in all of us regardless of parental status. Researcher Katie Young said it may take a bit longer for someone to recognize their own child’s cries because they need to do more “fine-grained analysis”. The team had previously found that our reactions speed up when we hear a baby crying. Adults performed better on computer games when they heard the sound of a baby crying than after they heard recordings of adults crying. 1. A baby ’s cry is difficult to ignore because it _____. A. keeps on crying B. cries harder than adults C. causes people great pain D. makes people feel strong emotions 2. The underlined word “trigger ” in Paragraph 2 probably means “_____” A. remove B. avoid C. cause D. Cure 3. What may Christine Parsons agree to?
A. Almost everyone makes certain response to a baby’s cries. B. A crying baby makes no sense to people without children. C. Men pay less attention to a crying baby than women. D. Parents can hardly recognize their own babies’ cry. 4. Computer games are mentioned in the text to show _____. A. players’ different reactions to a crying baby B. baby’s crying contributes to quicker reactions C. the influence of baby ’s and adult’s crying on performance D. it’s hard to keep one’s concentration with a crying baby nearby B Nicola Tesla was born on 10th July 1856 in Croatia, a country in Eastern Europe. From a very young age, Tesla was interested in electricity. In 1881, one of the first telephone exchanges opened in Budapest. Tesla moved there and got a job. It was here that Tesla first thought of the idea of the alternating current(AC 交流电）. In 1884, Tesla moved to America and worked for Thomas Edison, but only for less than a year. Tesla was sure his AC motor was the best way to capture(获取) and transport the power of electricity. However, Edison thought his way of using direct current(DC) was better and considered AC unsafe. But soon the scientific community accepted AC was more powerful than DC and it was proved safe. In 1895, Tesla designed the first water power plant using the energy of the Niagara Falls. And he did it using the AC motor. After the success of AC, Tesla became well known. He travelled and spoke to many scientists about his inventions and ideas. He built a large laboratory where he did amazing things with lights and electricity. However, it burned down not long after it was built. As Tesla got older, he continued to come up with new ideas and theories. But he was less successful and famous. Many people didn’t recognize that particular inventions were really Tesla’s ideas. Tesla gave speeches about creating electrical power from the earth’s atmosphere. He also talked about ways that wireless electricity and communication could power things all over the world! But to the people of his time, these ideas sounded crazy. However, some of his ideas have now been supported by modern research and technology. Tesla’s last years were lonely and sad. He received many awards, but received very little money. When he died in 1943, he was no longer famous and felt forgotten. Today, not many people know the name of Nicola Tesla but his inventions and ideas affect our lives every day!
5. Why did Tesla stop working for Edison? A. Tesla was badly paid there. B. Tesla wanted to move back to Europe. C. They had very different characters. D. They had some disagreements. 6. In his later years, Tesla_____. A. was misunderstood and doubted B. lived a colorful life. C. was unable to think out new ideas D. rose to fame as an award-winning inventor 7. We can learn from the text that Tesla_____. A. became famous as an assistant to Edison B. was way ahead of modern technology C. had great interest in travelling D. was not good at speeches 8. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. Nicola Tesla, a challenger for difficulties B. Nicola Tesla, a dreamer in science C. Nicola Tesla, a forgotten inventor D. Nicola Tesla, a strange scientist C There was a strange father, John Blake, from Michigan, who named his children after a computer software term. He told the local newspaper the US traditional way of adding“Junior”or “II”after a boy’s name was too common. So, when his son was born last week, he decided on the name John Blake 2.0, as if he were a soft ware programmer. Mr. Blake admitted that it took months to persuade his wife, Jamie, to accept the idea. Mrs. Blake said she asked several friends whether they could accept this name or not. “All the men,” she said, “felt the name was cool.” However， her women friends did not think so. “I think the women end up like it， ”she said. Mr. Blake told the local newspaper he got the idea from a film called The Legend of 1900，in which an abandoned baby is given the name 1900 to remember the year of its birth. “I thought that if they can do it ,why can’t we?”he said. After little John version 2.0 was born, Mr. Blake even sent a celebratory e-mail to the family and friends, which was designed to look as if he and his wife had created a new software.“I wrote things like there are a lot of new features from Version 1.0 with additional features from Jamie,” he said. And he has already planned for his son’s future. “If he has a child, he could name it 3.0,” he said. 9.From the passage we know that “John Blake 2.0”_____. A. is also the name of a computer B. shows the traditional way of American baby naming C. has the same meaning as“John Blake Junior” D. tells something about the hope the father places on his baby 10.What do the name of “1900”and “Jon Version 2.0”have in common? A. They are both connected with computer. B. They are both untraditional. C. They both tell about the births. D. They are to be equally popular. 11. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. All Mrs. Blake’s friends support their idea. B. The name“1900”is also a computer software term. C. When Mr. Blake had a second child, he would name it “John Version 3.0”. D. Mrs. Blake didn’t agree to name her son after a computer software term at the very beginning. D With the development of society, many people are coming under the umbrella of fatness. Not just adults，but even children are getting overweight. Today some of the newborn babies are also born fat. It has been proved that the people living in the western developed countries are more likely to become overweight. There are a number of causes behind this. The people in the developed countries including the United States almost enjoy all the comforts of life. Almost all the things in the lives of the people living in these countries are at their finger tips. A very limited amount of movement and physical effort is required to do any kind of job. Because of the fact that these countries are quite developed， most of the jobs that the people take up are desk jobs. So the lifestyle of them is just around the office desk. Most of the western developed countries are cold ones. Nature demands that people eat the kinds
of food so as to make them stand the coldness. Therefore，wine，fatty dairy products，bread，junk food，and red meat become important diets in these countries. However， the blame cannot be entirely put on the unhealthy eating habits of the people. Technology allows them to import almost all the food products that they do not grow. Although some healthy foods are grown in the countries nowadays，the quantity is very limited. It is not enough to meet the demand. So when they are not available and fatty foods are cheaper, people prefer to go for the eating habit that they have always been following. 12. According to Paragraph 2，most people in the developed countries do ______. A. office jobs B. management jobs C. physical jobs D. tiring jobs 13. According to the text, the reason why people in the western developed countries have to eat some fatty foods is that ____. A. the unhealthy eating habit is not important B. fatty foods cost less to buy and healthy foods are in shortage C. healthy foods are in shortage and fatty foods are abundant. D. they can’t put the blame on their eating habits. 14. The purpose of the author in writing the text is to _________. A. warn us of our bad eating habits in the developed countries B. remind us of the relation between food and weight gain C. inform us of the causes of weight gain in the developed countries D. tell us that fatness in the developed countries is natural 15. People in the western developed countries often __________. A. carry umbrellas with them B. blame the fatness on the weather C. grow a lot of healthy foods in their countries D. eat to protect themselves from the coldness 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 Our mood may change suddenly like a storm with lightning and thunderbolts that comes without notice. Also bad moods can leave as suddenly as they have come. Exceptions(例外) to this rule of course are cases where there are other problems such as depression or any other mental destruction. How to improve your mood __16___When you understand that you are not feeling happy but you are in depression or disappointment, then you can use these simple techniques that will be able to change the negative situation and improve your mood. ● __17_. Exercise, gymnastics and sports help a lot to achieve a better emotional balance. ● If you feel that you are in a bad mood, take a hot bath or sauna. __18_. ● Watch a movie, read a book or talk to a friend. ● __19__When you leave work or home, go to places that make you happy and calm. This helps to improve your mood. ● Make relations with happy, optimistic and pleasant people. __20_. Positive and optimistic feelings that create positive thinking for the future will help you overcome your bad feelings and defeat your bad mood.
When the problem of bad moods, frustration and negative emotions beyond normal situations exists for a long time, it is important to turn to a specialist for help. A. The relaxation of the muscles will help. B. Change your environment. C. Use physical activity to fight against feelings of depression. D. This can help you improve your mood significantly. E. First you have to learn to recognize when you are in a bad mood. F. There are ways to improve your mood. G. Changes in feelings and mood can happen for various reasons. 第二部分 英语知识运用 （共两节， 满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各小题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Last week we received a call from a dear friend, Karen. Karen is the mother of three children—a pair of 1-year-old twin boys and one 21 three- year-old “big sister ” named Amanda. It seems that Amanda has been a good girl all year and all she wanted for 22 was the Barney Banjo (班卓琴). Her mother had called all the stores in their area, but no 23 . Her mother had also visited dozens of Internet sites 24 the magic banjo, but still couldn’t find any. Karen then began asking all her friends to 25 . A local store flyer（传单） was advertising them, so we 26 it. After we entered the store, I looked up and down the toy shelves. Although the Barney Banjo had been 27 in the flyer, I could not find any. Then, a clerk came holding a Barney Banjo and 28 it directly to me without saying a word. I 29 her name tag (标签) said, “Karen”. My wife Susan and I went up to 30 it and all the clerks looked at us with 31 , asking us where we found the Barney Banjo. They said the Barney Banjo had been out of 32 for days. Then things became very 33 . Not only did the clerks claim they had run out of the product, but they also looked 34 when we mentioned “Karen”, who gave me the Banjo. The clerks didn’t have the 35 idea who that lady was. We 36 called our friend Karen and told her the good news 37 she would not have to tell her daughter that Santa could not 38 her a banjo this year. Karen was so happy. We could 39 her smile through the phone lines. When we told her the story about the clerk named Karen that no one else 40 , she started to cry. She believed it very well might be a Christmas angel. 21. A. busy B. curious C. careful D. delightful 22. A. Easter B. Halloween C. Thanksgiving D. Christmas 23. A. problemB. luck C. time D. fun 24. A. in search of B. in need of C. in honor of D. in support of 25. A. follow B. help C. come D. buy 26. A. thought of B. talked about C. came across D. headed for 27. A. chosen B. sold C. advertised D. described 28. A. presented B. recommended C. returned D. connected 29. A. admitted B. believed C. realized D. noticed
30. A. mail B. purchase C. check D. wrap 31. A. disbeliefB. anger C. fear D. embarrassment 32. A. date B. control C. stock D. sight 33. A. simple B. dangerous C. mysterious D. ridiculous 34. A. ashamed B. puzzled C. annoyed D. discouraged 35. A. slightest B. best C. wildest D. strangest 36. A. patiently B. hopefully C. nervously D. excitedly 37. A. even if B. as if C. so that D. now that 38. A. get B. make C. lend D. promise 39. A. enjoy B. feel C. see D. remember 40. A. expected B. welcomed C. forgot D. knew 第Ⅱ卷 注意：将答案做在答题卡上, 在试卷上作答无效。 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或 者括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 41~50 的相应位置上。 When Jack was a small boy, he was once asked to give a speech about “A Big Challenge in My Life” . To talk before the whole class, he was 41 (terrible) shy the moment he thought of so many eyes 42 (stare) at him. He had no other 43 (choose), though. First Jack was to draft the speech, which was just a piece of cake for him because he was a good writer. But the hard part 44 (lie) in his oral presentation, for it was not allowed to read from the paper. He had to give the speech 45 his memory and in front of such a big audience! A real trial began when Jack stood on the platform with his legs trembling and his mind blank. How much time had passed by, he didn’t know. His listeners were still waiting patiently and without any signs of laughing. Gradually he found himself back, 46 (give) out his speech without much difficulty. After what seemed to be a hundred years, he found the audience applauding. He made 47 ! From then on, his fear of talking before an audience disappeared. Actually with his confidence 48 (build) up, Jack now turns out to be a great speaker. As we know, the greater difficulty we meet on our way to 49 (success), the 50 likely we will be to achieve our goals. 第三部分 写作 （共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜钱（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 In the countryside there are some children dropped out of school. The reasons of this are different. Some families are very poor to afford the education of their children. Some parents think useless for girls to attend school, so that their daughters lost the chance. Some children are unwilling to attend school for lack of interests in their studies. In my opinion, every child should have the chance
to receive an education, whether boys and girls. Besides, the government should take effect measures to guarantee children’s right of education because we will play important roles in developing our country in the future.
书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是李华。你的朋友 Jack 将要来北京租一套房。请根据下表提示写一封电子邮件，向他 介绍房屋所在丽都公寓的情况。要点如下： 位置 环境 设施 咨询 朝阳区，紧靠长城饭店，距机场高速路不远 绿地、停车场和现代化购物中心 设备齐全、24 小时热水供应、电梯日夜运行 李女士 电话：010-66389420
注意： 1. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 2. 开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总词数； 3. 字数：100 左右 4. 参考词汇：公寓 apartment 停车场 parking lots 设备齐全 well-furnished Dear Jack, I am glad you will take a trip to Beijing. I’d like to introduce Lidu Apartment to you.
Yours, Li Hua 英语答案 第一部分 阅读理解 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） A 篇 1-4 DCAB B 篇 5-8 DABC C 篇 9-11 CBD D 篇 12-15 ABCD 16-20 ECABD 第二部分 英语知识运用 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 21-25 DDBAB 26-30 DCADB 31-35 ACCBA 36-40 DCABD 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 41. terribly 42.staring 43. choice 44.lay 45.from 46.giving 48. built 49.success 50.more
第三部分 写作 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 51. dropped →dropping 52. of this →for this 53. very→ too 54. think∧it 55. lost→lose 56. interests→interest 57. 去掉 an 58. and→or 59. effect - effective 60. we → they 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） Dear Jack, I am glad you will take a trip to Beijing. I’d like to introduce Lidu Apartment to you. It lies in Chaoyang District, and next to the Great Wall Hotel. It is not far away from the expressway to the airport. It has plenty of green fields and parking lots, with a school and a modern shopping centre nearby. The house is well furnished and hot water is available in 24 hours. Lifts will work day and night. For more information, please dial 010-66389420 and contact Miss Li. I think she will tell you some details about the house. I wish you’ll like it. Best wishes! Yours, Lihua
作文评分标准 一、评分原则 本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来权衡，确定 或调整档次，最后给分。 词数少于 80 和多于 120 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点，应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的 连贯性。 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英， 美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 如书写较差以至影响交际，将其分数降低一个档次。 各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档（21—25 分） 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ---覆盖所有内容要点。 ---应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ---语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致。 ---有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档（16—20 分） 完成了试卷规定的任务。
---虽漏掉一两个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ---应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ---语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 ---应用简单的语句间的连接成份，使全文结构紧凑。 达到预期的写作目的。 第三档（11—15 分） 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ---虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有内容要点。 ---应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ---有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 ---应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档（6—10 分） 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ---漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ---语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。 ---有一些语法或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 ---较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档（1—5 分） 未完成试题规定的任务。 ---明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 ---语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。 ---较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 ---缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。