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GRE新东方一些单词分类总结


一些单词分类总结

以下内容 来自网络 切勿舍本逐末 红宝书才是重中之重 这些补充内容 仅供调剂情绪 查漏补缺只用 gre 考试切忌猎奇心理!!! !!

蓝宝书同义,形近词归纳 by future 首先向大家说明一下,由于前一段时间外出,未能给各位来信朋友回信,实在抱歉!在此 将把新近整理出的同义,形近归纳一并贴出.也望各位朋友提出意见与要求. 在此将形近词说明书一下.如下例, toxic detoxicate vt.除毒,解毒 intoxicate v.使醉,陶醉 intoxicant adj.醉人的 toxic adj.有毒的,中毒的 其中, 'toxic'标题表示在下面列出的几个单词中都含有这个部分,而不论它位于单词 的什么位置. 如下例: port^ comport v.举止,行为 disport v.玩耍,嬉戏 purport n.意义,涵义 rapport n.和睦,意见一致 sport v.炫耀,卖弄 其中, '^'表示以下列出的单词都以'port'结尾.若'^'在标题在前面,则表示列出 的单词都以标题的部分开头,如下例: ^dict dictate v.口述,命令 dictator n.独裁者 dictum n.格言,声明 若是标题中含有'*' ,则它的意思和 DOS 命令里的通配符是一个意思.如下例: ^f*ble^ foible n.小缺点,小毛病 fumble v.摸索,搜寻 finable adj.应罚款的 friable a.易碎的 至于上面的几种情况的组合,我想小学生都明白是什么概念. 形近词 bble^ babble v.说蠢话,牙牙学语

bubble v.起泡 n.气泡,水泡 dabble v.涉足,浅赏 dribble v.(液体)往下滴,淌 gabble v.急促而不清楚地说 gobble v.贪婪地吃,吞没 hobble v.蹒跚,跛行 nibble v.一点点地咬,慢慢啃 pebble n.小卵石,石子 quibble n.遁词,吹毛求疵的反对意见 rabble n.乌合之众,暴民,下等人 rubble n.(一堆)碎石,瓦砾 scribble v.乱写,乱涂 ddle^ addle v.使腐坏,使昏乱 cuddle v.n.搂抱,拥抱 huddle v.挤成一堆 n.一堆人(杂物) mollycoddle v.过份爱惜,娇惯 n.娇生惯养的人 muddle n.混乱,迷惑 puddle n.水坑,洼 saddle n.鞍,马鞍 twaddle n.胡说八道,瞎扯 waddle v.(鸭子等)摇摇摆摆地走 doddle n.轻而易举之事 pple^ cripple n.跛子 v.(使)残废 stipple v.点画,点描 supple adj 伸屈自如的,灵活的 topple v.倾覆,推倒 ttle^ belittle v.轻视,贬抑 guttle v.狼吞虎咽 mettle n.勇气,斗志 nettle n.荨麻 v.烦忧,激恼 prattle v.闲聊,空谈 scuttle v.急赶,疾走,逃辟 scuttle n.舷窗,舱口盖 throttle v.掐脖子,扼杀 n.节流阀 whittle v.削(木头),削减 tattle v.闲谈,泄密 zzle^ drizzle v.n.下毛毛雨,毛毛雨 embezzle v.盗用,侵吞 guzzle v.大吃大喝

jigsaw puzzle n.拼图游戏 nuzzle v.用鼻擦,触,紧挨 razzle n.狂欢聚会 ee^ apogee n.远地点(太阳等距离地球最远的点) decree n.命令,法令 v.颁布命令,公告 filigree n.金银丝做的工艺品 glee n.欢喜,高兴 jamboree n.快乐,喧闹的集会 lessee n.(房地产的)租户 levee n.防洪堤,堤岸 perigee n.近地点 referee n.裁判员,仲裁者 repartee n.机灵的回答 toupee n.男用假发 pedigree n.家谱,纯种系谱 puttee n.绑腿,裹腿 scree n.山坡上的碎石堆 twee adj.脆弱的,故作多情的 grand aggrandize v.增大,扩张 grandeur n.壮丽,伟大 grandiloquent adj(语言等)夸张的,夸大的 grandiose adj.浮夸的,夸大的 grandstand n.正面看台,哗众取宠的表演 grav aggravate v.加重,恶化 gravel n.碎石,砂砾 gravity n.严肃,一本正经 f_ ck feckless adj.无目标无计划的 fickle adj.(爱情或友谊上)易变的,不坚定的 fore forebode v.预兆,凶兆 foreboding n.预感,预兆 foreclose v.排除,取消抵押品的赎回权 forensic adj.法庭的,辩论的 forerunner n.预兆,前兆,先驱 forestall v.先发制人,预先阻止 foreordain v.预先注定 tilit fertility n.肥沃,丰饶 futility n.无用,无益 hostility n.敌对状态,敌意

utilitarian adj.功利的,实利的 germ germane adj.有密切关系的,贴切的 germinate v.发芽,发展 gest(管道,带来) congest v.充血,使拥挤 congestion n.充血,拥挤 gestation n.怀孕,孕育时期 gesticulate v.做手势表达 ingest v.咽下,吞下 suggestible adj.易受影响的 norm(标准,规范) abnormal adj.不正常的,变态的 enormity n.极恶,暴行,巨大 enormous adj.极大的,巨大的 norm n.规范,准则 normative adj.规范的,惯常的 同义词 毗连 abut v.接界,毗连 adjacent adj.接近的,毗连的 coterminous adj.毗连的,有共同边界的 无知 gosling n.小鹅,年轻无知的人 ignoramus n.无知者,笨蛋 ignorance n.无知 胆汁 bile n.胆汁 bilious adj.多胆汁的,坏脾气的 gall n.胆汁(bile),怨恨(hatred) 烤 barbecue n.烤肉架,烤肉 baste v.倒脂油于(烤肉上,以防烤干) gridiron n.烤架,橄榄球场 grill v.烤,烤问 n.烤架 parch v.烘烤,干热 scorch v.烤焦,烧焦 skewer n.(烤肉用的)串肉杆 v.用杆串好 broil v.烤,烧 散漫 amorphous adj.无定形的,散漫的 desultory adj.不连贯的,散漫的 diffuse v.散布,(光等)漫射

dj.漫射的,散漫的 discursive adj.散漫的,无层次的 放荡 debauch v.使放荡,堕落 debauchery n.放荡,沉缅酒色 dissipated adj.浪费的,放荡的 dissolute adj.放荡的,无节制的 raffish adj.轻浮的,放荡的 主义 altruism n.利他主义,不自私 asceticism n.禁欲主义 celibacy n.独身(主义) chauvinism n.沙文主义,盲目爱国主义 cynicism n.愤世嫉俗,犬儒主义 eclecticism n.折衷主义 empiricism n.经验主义 epicurean adj.好享乐的,享乐主义的 exhibitionism n.风头主义 hedonism n.享乐主义,享乐 jingoism n.沙文主义,侵略主义 monasticism n.修道生活,禁欲主义 nihilism n.虚无主义,无政府主义 optimism n.乐观主义 patriotism n.爱国主义,爱国心 pragmatic adj.实际的,实用主义的 pragmatism n.实用主义 reciprocity n.互惠主义,相互利益 totalitarian adj.极权主义的 autism n.孤独症,自我中心主义 格言 adage aphorism dictum gnome gnomic maxim precept 吹毛求疵 captious cavil censorious hypercritical

n.格言,古训 n.格言(maxim) n.格言,声明 n.地下宝藏的守护神,地精,格言 adj.格言的,精辟的 n.格言,普遍真理 n.箴言,格言 adj.吹毛求疵的 v.挑毛病,吹毛求疵 adj.吹毛求疵的,苛求的 adj.苛求的,吹毛求疵的

nitpick perfectionist quibble niggle 诽谤 calumny calumniate defame defamatory denigrate derogate derogatory libel libellous malign personalities scandal scandalous slanderous traduce vilify besmirch aspersion

v.挑剔,吹毛求疵 n.力求完美者,吹毛求疵者 n.遁词,吹毛求疵的反对意见 v.挑剔,吹毛求疵 n.诽谤,中伤 v.诽谤,中伤 v.诽谤,中伤 adj.诽谤的 v.污蔑,诽谤 v.贬低,诽谤 adj.不敬的,诽谤的 v.n.(文字)诽谤,中伤 adj.诽谤的 v.诽谤,中伤 adj.邪恶的 n.诽谤 n.丑闻,恶意诽谤 adj.丢脸的,诽谤性的 adj.诽谤的,中伤的 v.中伤,诽谤 v.辱骂,诽谤 v.诽谤,玷污 n.诽谤,中伤

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UID 114678

精华 25 积分 9272 帖子 1556 阅读权限 40 注册 2002-10-26 状态 离线 #2 发表于 2004-4-15 07:04 资料 短消息 一些词汇记忆小技巧

一. 前缀+词根+后缀 记忆法 二.减词/词中词 记忆法

scramble(攀登)--scale(攀登) wastrel(败家子)------waste 浪费 trawl (拖网)-------law 理解为"法网"[如记得"法网柔情"此电视剧则更易记] travail(艰苦劳动,痛苦)---ail 疾病 tribunal(法庭,裁判所)---trial 审判 bun 有馒头之义,形状象个屋子 wrath(愤怒,大怒)---rat 人们都愤怒的打过街老鼠(俗语) umbrage(愤怒)-----rage 发怒 vehement(powerful,forceful energy)-----he 他表男人,男人应 powerful,forceful energy 三. 加词 记忆法 tyro(新手)----tyrold 原词无 old,说明不老 prodigy(非凡之人,天才)---prodigyou 前来(pro 前缀表前)挖(dig)你(you)因为你 有才华,其他公司才来挖你,推出前意. psephology(选举学)----People Select People 人与人中选 hology 做为词尾不必考虑 ostrich(鸵鸟)-----costrich 驼绒(鸵鸟的绒)很贵 psalm(赞美诗,圣诗)-----People Sing 我们会有这种印象,教堂中教徒每人抱一本书唱 诗的情景,alm 不必考虑 wallop(重击,猛打)----wallopposite 以重击,猛打的方式反对 waft(漂浮)---ft=float 漂浮 vernacular(本国语,地方语)----ver 窝+native 本土的=窝在本土说本国语 waive(放弃,推迟考虑)-----wai=wait 老等[推迟考虑],ive=give up[放弃] usurp(篡位)-----usurpower 此词定于权利有关,同时可于 usury(放高利贷)相区别 ale(酒)----sale 买酒 tranquil(平静)----quiet 四. 逆序重排记忆法 yaw(船,飞机等偏航)------way 与正常路相反 yarn(纱线)------ ray 光线 salacious(好色的)----lasa 拉萨人好色

turgid(浮肿的,浮夸的)----big 大[浮肿的,浮夸的都有大之义] vagabond(浪荡子,流浪者)----bag 浪荡子背着包四处流浪 valediction(告别演说)----leave 离开+dict 词根说=离开时说的话 vile(可恨的)----evil 五. 倒置记忆法 turpitude(邪恶,卑鄙)-----pi---- bi(汉拼鄙) wile(诡计)----mile 著名琵琶曲"十里埋伏"描述的是策略 vista(远景,展望)---visit(加词推出看)+ ta 变为 fa(far 协音,远)=-朝远看 shoddy(劣质的,冒充好货的)----shop(商店,现在人们去商店总会想到假货) wan(衰弱)------man 人正常时不衰弱,不成个人样时才衰弱 六.汉拼记忆法 twinge(剧痛,刺痛)---ge 刀割推出痛 tumult(吵闹)---tumu 土木工程,想象建筑工地上又吵又闹 puissance(权利)---pu+I 中国末代皇帝,皇帝有权 virtuosity(精悍技巧,高超)----tu(突出) 精悍技巧,高超当然突出啦! Venal(惟利是图的,贪赃王法的)-----v(希腊字母表五协音同无,无王法)+nal 重排后汉 拼为 lan(烂)na(拿)=无王法烂拿 由此推出前义 ADDING:有一词 vernal(春季的)仅 多一个 r,好记因为 spring 中含 r Uncanny(神秘的)----un 表否定不+can 协音同看=不能看到的肯定是神秘的 七.中英结合记忆法 tribulation(苦难,灾难)----tri(前缀表三)+bu(汉拼表不)=六零年为三年自然灾害,人 们吃不上,喝不上,推出灾难之义,lation 为名词词尾不必考虑 tresses(女人的长发)---tree 树+sses 丝=树干象人的躯干,由树干向下垂下来的枝条就象女 人的头发丝,比如柳树 vaunt(吹嘘,炫耀)----v(希腊字母表五)+ aunt(姨)=五姨(同中国前外交部长 wuyi 协 音,搞外交的都能吹嘛! ) daunt(使胆怯,使畏缩)----d(third) 中国传奇人物黄飞鸿和十三姨的故事大家皆知,十 三姨很勇敢,而原词不含三,只含三的尾巴 d,推出不够勇敢,故取反义胆怯. Gaunt (憔悴的,消瘦的)-----从读音与高协音,联想高姨病入膏肓 Whine(哀哭)----h 喝 + wine 酒=我们有这样的印象,酒喝多的人会醉的又哭又闹 Voluptuous(沉迷酒色的)-----up 表上+ tu 表吐=指这样的人天天喝的上吐下泻,其他字母元 素不必考虑 Welsh(赖债不还,失信)-----welsh 读音协同 wealth,而 sh 音同失,联想由于赖债不还,而 使我失去财富,同时对方也失去信义 Wallow(沉溺于)---low 协音同搂,搂着不放表沉溺于 Valetudinarian(体弱的人)----ale 酒+tu 吐=一喝酒就吐只有体弱的人才这样

八.象形记忆法 votex(旋涡)---词中 o 形状象旋涡,同时易于 vetex(顶点)相区别 pulley(滑轮,滑车)-----pulleye(加词记忆法)眼睛形状圆形如轮子 vitriolic(尖酸,尖刻的)----tri(前缀表三,此处表三角形) 三角形的每一角都为尖的, 突出尖 woo(向女人求爱,争取---的支持)----o o 代表两张嘴,原词两义均需用嘴说 wiggle(扭动,蠕动)-----g 形状弯曲的样子 vent(发泄情绪,开孔)------ten(10 倒序法)10 中 0 表孔,发泄情绪也需要有孔喷发 九.近似字母转换记忆法 translucent(半透明)----luc=look 正常为 look,而此处为 luc,说明看不清 lucubration(刻苦研究)-----lucu=luuc(look)刻苦研究需认真看 turmoil(混乱)-----turm(turn)+ oil = 将油搅拌(turn)推出混乱

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UID 114678 精华 25 积分 9272 帖子 1556 阅读权限 40 注册 2002-10-26 状态 离线 #3 发表于 2004-4-15 07:07 资料 短消息 GRE&GMAT 数学部分术语总汇

代数部分 1. 有关数学运算 add,plus 加 subtract 减 difference 差 multiply, times 乘 product 积 divide 除 divisible 可被整除的 divided evenly 被整除 dividend 被除数,红利 divisor 因 子,除数 quotient 商 remainder 余数 factorial 阶乘 power 乘方 radical sign, root sign 根号 round to 四舍五入 to the nearest 四舍五入 2. 有关集合 union 并集 proper subset 真子集 solution set 解集 3.有关代数式,方程和不等式 algebraic term 代数项 like terms, similar terms 同类项 numerical coefficient 数字系数 literal coefficient 字母系数 inequality 不等式 triangle inequality 三角不等式 range 值域 original equation 原方程 equivalent equation 同解方程,等价方程 linear equation 线性方程(e.g. 5x+6=22) 4.有关分数和小数 proper fraction 真 分 数 improper fraction 假 分 数 mixed number 带 分 数 vulgar fraction,common fraction 普通分数 simple fraction 简分数 complex fraction 繁分数 numerator 分子 denominator 分母 (least) common denominator (最小)公分母 quarter 四 分 之 一 decimal fraction 纯 小 数 infinite decimal 无 穷 小 数 recurring decimal 循环小数 tenths unit 十分位 5. 基本数学概念 arithmetic mean 算术平均值 weighted average 加权平均值 geometric mean 几何平均数 exponent 指数, 幂 base 乘幂的底数,底边 cube 立方数, 立方体 square root 平 方根 cube root 立方根 common logarithm 常用对数 digit 数字 constant 常数 variable 变量 inverse function 反函数 complementary function 余函数 linear 一次的, 线性的 factorization 因式分解 absolute value 绝对值, e.g.|-32|=32 round off 四舍五入 6.有关数论 natural number 自然数 positive number 正数 negative number 负数 odd integer, odd number 奇数 even integer, even number 偶数 integer, whole number 整数 positive whole number 正整数 negative whole number 负整数 consecutive number 连续整数 real number, rational number 实数,有理数 irrational(number) 无理数 inverse 倒

数 composite number 合 数 e.g. 4,6,8,9,10,12,14,15 … … prime number 质 数 e.g. 2,3,5,7,11,13,15…… 注意: 所有的质数(2 除外)都是奇数, 但奇数不一定是质数 reciprocal 倒 数 common divisor 公约数 multiple 倍数 (least)common multiple (最小)公倍数 (prime) factor (质)因子 common factor 公因子 ordinary scale, decimal scale 十进 制 nonnegative 非负的 tens 十位 units 个位 mode 众数 median 中数 common ratio 公比 7.数列 arithmetic progression(sequence) 等差数列 geometric progression(sequence) 等比数列 8.其它 approximate 近似 (anti)clockwise (逆) 顺时针方向 cardinal 基数 ordinal 序数 direct proportion 正比 distinct 不同的 estimation 估计,近似 parentheses 括号 proportion 比 例 permutation 排 列 combination 组 合 table 表 格 trigonometric function 三角函数 unit 单位,位 几何部分 1. 所有的角 alternate angle 内错角 corresponding angle 同位角 vertical angle 对顶角 central angle 圆 心 角 interior angle 内 角 exterior angle 外 角 supplementary angles 补 角 complementary angle 余角 adjacent angle 邻角 acute angle 锐角 obtuse angle 钝角 right angle 直角 round angle 周角 straight angle 平角 included angle 夹角 2.所有的三角形 equilateral triangle 等边三角形 scalene triangle 不等边三角形 isosceles triangle 等腰三 角形 right triangle 直角三角形 oblique 斜三角形 inscribed triangle 内接三角形 3.有关收敛的平面图形,除三角形外 semicircle 半圆 concentric circles 同心圆 quadrilateral 四边形 pentagon 五边形 hexagon 六边形 heptagon 七边形 octagon 八边形 nonagon 九边形 decagon 十边 形 polygon 多边形 parallelogram 平行四边形 equilateral 等边形 plane 平面 square 正方形,平方 rectangle 长方形 regular polygon 正多边形 rhombus 菱形 trapezoid 梯形 4.其它平面图形 arc 弧 line, straight line 直线 line segment 线段 parallel lines 平行线 segment of a circle 弧形

5.有关立体图形 cube 立方体, 立方数 rectangular solid 长方体 regular solid/regular polyhedron 正多面体 circular cylinder 圆柱体 cone 圆锥 sphere 球体 solid 立体的 6.有关图形上的附属物 altitude 高 depth 深度 side 边长 circumference, perimeter 周长 radian 弧度 surface area 表面积 volume 体积 arm 直角三角形的股 cross section 横截面 center of a circle 圆心 chord 弦 radius 半径 angle bisector 角平分线 diagonal 对 角线 diameter 直径 edge 棱 face of a solid 立体的面 hypotenuse 斜边 included side 夹边 leg 三角形的直角边 median of a triangle 三角形的中线 base 底边,底数 (e.g. 2 的 5 次方,2 就是底数) opposite 直角三角形中的对边 midpoint 中点 endpoint 端点 vertex (复数形式 vertices)顶点 tangent 切线的 transversal 截线 intercept 截距 7.有关坐标 coordinate system 坐标系 rectangular coordinate 直角坐标系 origin 原点 abscissa 横 坐标 ordinate 纵坐标 number line 数轴 quadrant 象限 slope 斜率 complex plane 复平面 8.其它 plane geometry 平面几何 trigonometry 三角学 bisect 平分 circumscribe 外切 inscribe 内切 intersect 相交 perpendicular 垂直 pythagorean theorem 勾股定理 congruent 全等的 multilateral 多边的

其它

1.单位类 cent 美分 penny 一美分硬币 nickel 5 美分硬币 dime 一角硬币 dozen 打 (12 个) score 廿(20 个) Centigrade 摄氏 Fahrenheit 华氏 quart 夸脱 gallon 加仑(1 gallon = 4 quart) yard 码 meter 米 micron 微米 inch 英寸 foot 英尺 minute 分(角度的度量单位, 分=1 度) square measure 平方单位制 cubic meter 立方米 pint 60 品脱(干量或液量的单位) 2.有关文字叙述题,主要是有关商业

intercalary year(leap year) 闰年(366 天) common year 平年(365 天) depreciation 折旧 down payment 直接付款 discount 打折 margin 利润 profit 利润 interest 利息 simple interest 单利 compounded interest 复利 dividend 红利 decrease to 减少到 decrease by 减少了 increase to 增加到 increase by 增加了 denote 表示 list price 标价 markup 涨价 per capita 每人 ratio 比率 retail price 零售价 tie 打 平

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abandon abject abrupt abstract abuse accede accent accord

v. 放弃 n. 放肆,放纵 adj. ①凄惨的 ②怯懦的 adj. 突然的 n. (文章等)不连贯的 adj. 抽象的 n. 摘要 v. ①误用,滥用 ②辱骂 v. ①同意 ②就任 v. ①强调 ②使显著 v. ①一致 ②同意

ace acquittal admission advance aerial affect affluent alert allay allergy alloy ally amiss anchor angle annoy antedate ape apology appeal application appointment appreciate apprehend appropriate arabesque arbor arise arrest article associate assume attend attest back badger baffle bag bags bait ballon bang bank bankrupt

n. ①(纸牌上的)幺点 ②优秀选手 n. 偿债(负债),无罪开释 n. 入场(入学等),承认,自白 v. ①前进 ②(物价)上涨 adj. 空气的 n. 天线 v. ①冒充,假装 ②使感动,影响 adj. 富裕的 n. 支流 adj. 警觉的 n. 警报 v. ①平息(愤怒等) ②缩小 n. ①过敏 ②反感 n. 合金 v. 损坏,混杂 n. ①同盟 ②弹珠 adj. ①错误的 ②不顺利的 n. 锚 v. 抛错,固立 n. 角,角度 v. 钓鱼,用平段获取 v. 使苦恼 n. 难对付的人 v. ①提早日期 ②预期 n. 类人猿,模仿者 n. ①赔罪 ②辩解 v. 恳求 n. 魅力,吸引力 n. ①应用,申请 ②勤奋,专心一致 n. ①约定,职务 ②家具,装备 v. ①正确地评价,赏识 ②提高价格 v. ①逮捕 ②理解 ③担心 adj. 适当的 v. 拨款,占用 n. 蔓藤图式 adj. 奇特的 n. ①车轴 ②凉亭 产生,起源,arisings 废物,残存物 v. ①逮捕 ②惹人注目 ③制止,阻挡 n. 文章,(注解等)条文 v. 联合,结合 n. 同事 v. ①承担 ②假装 ③认为 assuming 傲慢的 v. ①出席 ②照顾 ,侍候 v. ①证明 ②使…宣誓 v. (以金钱)资助 n. 獾,v. 烦扰 v. 使困惑,n. 隔扳(控制声音 等通过) v. 占(位置),猎获 n. ①许多②宽松的裤子 v. ①激怒 n. 鱼饵 n. 气球 v. 膨胀 v. 猛撞 n. 刘海 v. (车或飞机)倾斜转变 n. 岸 v. 破产 adj. 无用的

bar barge bark barrack barrage barrow base bass baste bat bay beach beam beat beef beetle belie bend best bid bind blind block bluff bolt boot bore boss bottle bounce bound bouquet bow brand breast breeze broach brood brook brush buck bucket buff build

n. ①门闩,障碍②律师业 n. 驳船 v. 磁撞 v. 狗吠 n. ①树皮②三桅船 v. 遏制,n. barracks 兵营 n. ①弹幕②(指说话)倾泻而出 n. ①古墓②手推车 n. 基础 adj. 卑鄙的 n. 鲈鱼 adj. 低音的 v. ①(烤肉)润以脂油,②狠揍 n. ①球棒,②蝙蝠 v. 眨眼 n. ①海湾②阻挡 v. (狗)低吠 n. 海滨 v. 使(船)靠岸 n. 胡须 v. 勇敢面对 n. 心跳,节拍 adj. 非常疲乏的 n. 牛肉 v. 发牢骚 n. 甲虫 v. 迅速离去 v. ①掩饰,②证明为假 v. ①弯曲,②专心于 v. 击败(某人) v. ①致意,吩咐 ②出价 v. 捆绑,装订 n. 困境 v. 蒙蔽 n. 百叶窗 n. 大块,街区 v. 阻止 n. 陡峭的悬崖,v. 渲张声势 n. 螺栓 v. 惊慌而逃 n. 皮靴 v. 解雇 v. 钻孔 n. 使人讨厌的人 n. ①浮雕 ②老板 n. 瓶 v. 贮藏 v. ①弹回,②(银行)退支票 v. 跳跃 adj. 被束缚的 n. ①花束 ②芳香 v. 鞠躬 n. 船首 n. 商标 v. 打上烙印 n. 乳房 v. 奋勇抵抗 n. 微风 v. 轻快地急走 v. ①开瓶 ②提出(问题) n. 一窝(鸡雏) v. 沉思,闷想 v. 容忍 n. 小溪 n. ①画笔 ②小冲突 n. ①雄鹿 ②美元 v. (马)跳跃 n. 水桶 v. 倾泻 n. 爱好者,v. (用软东西)擦亮 v. 建造,n. 体格

bumper burden bust bypass cake cant capital career carp carpet cast casual catholic cement chafe chaff champion charter chase cheek chicken chisel circumvent class clean click cloister closet clot club clump coach coast cod collar collateral comb commission commune compact compromise con concern constant

adj. 丰富的,n. 保险柜 n. ①重负;②要点,主题 n. ①半身雕像 ②彻底失败 ③破裂的 n. 小道,旁道 v. 回避 n. 蛋糕 v. 厚厚地覆盖 n. ①倾斜 ②隐语,假话 adj. 死罪的,n. 资本 n. 事业,经历 v. 急驰,飞奔 n. 鲤鱼 v. 挑剔 n. 地毯 v. 训斥,责备 n. 剧团 v. 投,掷,抛 adj. 偶然的,n. 临时工 adj. ①普遍的,②天主教的 n. 水泥 v. 胶合 v. ①擦痛 ②激怒 n. 谷糠 v. 嘲弄 n. 冠军 v. 为…奋斗,拥护 n. 宪章 v. 包租(飞机,汽车等) v. ①追捕,②雕镂 n. ①面颊,②无礼,傲慢 n. ①鸡 ②胆小鬼 adj. 胆小的 n. 凿子 v. 骗取 v. ①智胜 ②回避 v. 把…分类,分级 adj. 干净的,adv. 整个地,完全地 v. ①卡嗒声 ②情投意合 n. 修道院 v. 隐居 n. 壁橱 v. 关在私室中 n. ①凝块,②笨蛋 n. 俱乐部,棍棒 v. 用棍棒打 n. ①草丛,树丛,②沉重的脚步声 n. 长途汽车 v. 训练,指导 n. 海岸 v. (靠惯性)滑行 n. 鳕鱼 v. 哄骗 n. 衣领 v. 扭住,抓住 adj. 并行的 n. 抵押品 v. ①疏理,②彻底搜查 n. ①职务,②佣金,酬劳金 v. 交换思想,n. 公社 adj. 紧密的,n. 化妆盒 v. ①让步,②危害(名誉) n. 反对,v. 骗钱 n. ①关心,②公司 adj. ①不断的,②忠心的

constituent content converse convertible coordinate cordial corner cosmopolitan couch countenance counter court cow crack cram crash credit creep crib crown cuckoo cuff cypher dab dainty dare darn dart deed defect deport deposit die digest discharge discipline dish disorder dispatch dispose ditch divine dock doctor

n. ①选举人 ②形成的 n. ①满意 ②目录,含量 v. 谈话,adj. 相反的,颠倒的 n. 敞篷车 adj. 可自由兑换的 n. 坐标,v. 使同等,使协调 adj. 热诚的,n. 提神饮料 n. 拐角 v. 使走投无路 adj. 全世界的 n. 见多识广之人 v. 表达 n. 长椅 n. 面容,v. 支持,赞成 v. 反对,n. 柜台,伪造的硬币 n. 法院,v. ①讨好,②招惹 n. 母牛 v. 威胁,吓唬 v. ①发破裂声,破裂, ②解开(秘密) v. ①填塞,②仓促用功(为考试) n. 撞坏,失败 adj. 紧急的,应急的 n. ①相信,②学历 ③(电影)片头字幕 v. 爬行,n. 拍马屁者 n. 牛栏 v. 剽窃 n. 王冠 v. 完成,达成 n. 布谷鸟 adj. 愚笨的 n. 袖口 v. 用手掌轻拍 n. ①不重要的人,②密码 n. ①比目鱼,②能手 n. 美食 adj. 娇小的 v. 敢于 n. 挑战 v. 缝补 n. 咒骂 n. 镖 v. 飞奔 n. ①行为,②证书,契据 n. 过失 v. 变节,背叛 v. ①驱逐出境,②行为,行动方式 n. ①存款,②沉淀 v. 死亡,n. 金属模子 n. 摘要,文摘,v. 消化 v. ①流出,排出,②履行诺言 n. ①纪律 ②学科 n. 盘 v. 破坏,毁掉 n. ①紊乱,②小病 v. ①派遣,②迅速办理 v. 安排,disposed,愿意的 n. 沟,v. 抛弃,逃避 adj. 神的,上帝的;v. 预测 v. 扣除,n. 码头 v. 修补,假造

dog dope down dowse drift drone duck earmark eclipse effects elaborate encapsulate enormity entrance epic essay exact explosive express fare fast fathom fault fell fence ferret file flag flail flash flaw fleece fleet flight flush foil fold forearm forge forte forward fowl founder frame

n. 狗,v. 追随 n. ①麻醉药,②笨蛋 v. 击败,n. 柔毛,软毛 v. ①浸入水中,②探测 v. 漂流 n. 沉积物,雪堆 n. 依赖他人生活的人 v. 嗡嗡声 n. 鸭子,v. 迅速低头,躲避 n. 标记,特征 v. 拨款 n. ①(日,月)食,②(名声等)失去,丧失 n. 私人财产 adj. 精制的,v. 详细阐述 v. ①用胶囊包,②节略 n. ①巨大,②穷凶极恶 n. 入口 v. 使狂喜 n. 史诗,adj. 英勇的 n. ①文章,②尝试 v. 强求,adj. 精确的 adj. ①爆炸的,②激起感情的 adj. 特别的,快速的,v. 表达 v. 进展,成功,n. 车费,运费 v. 禁食,绝食 n. 英寻(=1 829 米),v. 领会,理解 n. ①过错,②断层 v. 砍伐,adj. 凶恶的 n. 篱笆,v. 击剑,闪避 n. 雪貂,v. 搜寻,探出 n. 锉刀,档案,v. 排成纵队前进 v. 衰退,n. ①旗帜,②石板 n. 连枷,v. 猛烈挥动 n. 闪光,adj. 吸引人的 n. 瑕疵,v. 生裂缝 n. 羊毛,v. 诈取(金钱) n. 舰队,adj. 快速的 n. ①飞行,②逃走 v. ①冲冼,②脸红 v. 阻挠,n. ①花剑,②金属薄片 n. 畜栏,v. 折叠 v. 预先武装,n. 前臂 n. 冶炼厂,v. 伪造,锻造, ②突然加速 n. 长处,adj. 强音的 adj. ①向前的,②热心的,v. 寄发 adj. 恶臭的,n. 犯规 n. 创办人 v. 沉没,失败 n. 框架,v. 陷害

fret fry fume fuss gall game gather ginger gloss gouge grass graze grill gripe grit ground grouse gull gut guy hack hail hallmank hamper hang harbor hare hatch haunt hawk heavy hedge hide hiding hip hoard hold hound huff hull humor hump hunch husband

v. ①烦躁,②磨损;③用回纹装饰 v. 油煎,n. 鱼苗 v. ①冒烟,②发怒 n. ①大惊小怪,②过份关怀 n. ①胆汁,②怨恨,v. 伤害,侮辱 v. 赌博,adj. ①勇敢的,②残废的 v. 集合,n. 衣褶 n. ①生姜,②活力 n. ①光泽,②注释 n. 半圆凿,v. 敲诈 n. 草,v. 告密,告发 v. ①放牧,吃草,②擦伤,掠过 v. ①烤,烧,②严历盘问 v. ①腹部绞痛,②抱怨,诉苦 n. 粗砂石,v. 下定决心 n. 地面,v. 搁浅,降落 n. 松鸡,v. 抱怨 n. 海鸥,v. 欺骗 n. 肠子,adj. 强烈的(感情) n. ①人,家伙,②牵索,支索 v. 乱砍,n. 雇佣文人 n. 雹子,v. 向…欢呼 n. ①(金银纯度的)检验印记, ②特点 v. 妨碍,n. 有盖大篮 on ①(电话)别挂断,②专注,仔细听 n. 港口,v. 隐匿,包庇 n. 野兔,v. 飞跑 n. 舱口盖,v. 孵化 n. 常去的地方,v. 索绕心头 n. 鹰,v. 叫卖,兜售 adj. 重的,n. 剧中反面角色 n. 灌木树离,v. 避开问题 v. 隐藏,n. 兽皮 n. ①鞭打,②躲藏 n. 臂部,adj. 时髦的,现代的 n. 大量,贮藏物,v. 秘藏 v. 握住,n. 货舱 n. 猎狗,v. 追逐,不断骚扰 v. 喘气, n. 激怒 n. 船体,皮壳,v. 去皮壳 n. 幽默,v. 纵容,姑息 n. ①驼峰,②忧郁 n. 直觉,v. 使(身体)隆起 n. 丈夫,v. 节俭地使用

implication incense inch intimate intrigue invalid itch jag jaw jibe jockey jolly junk kid lark launder lay lean lever list loaf lock lobby lounge lull lumber lump malign manifest mass mat medium mellow menial metal mimic mince minute mob mobile mock moderate mole moor

n. ①牵连,②暗示 n. 香,v. 激怒 n. 英寸, v. 慢慢移动 v. 暗示,adj. 亲密的 v. 激起兴趣, n. 密谋 n. 病人,adj. 无效的 v. ①痒,②强烈渴望 v. 切割成锯齿状,n. 兴奋期 n. 颚,n. 唠叨 n. 嘲笑,v. 与…相符合 n. 职业骑师,v. 运用手段 adj. 欢乐的,v. 怂恿 n. 废物,n. 平底帆船 n. 小山羊,v. 欺骗 v. 玩乐,n. 云雀 v. 洗衣, n. 漏税 adj. 世俗的,v. 放好 v. 斜靠,adj. 瘦的 n. 杠杆,v. 撬 v. ①列举,②(船)倾斜 n. 面包,v. 游手好闲 n. ①一绺卷发,②锁 n. 门厅,v. 游说 v. 懒洋洋地靠坐,n. 休息室 v. 使入睡,n. 问题,暂停 n. 木材,v. 缓慢地移动 n. 块状,adj. 不分开的,v. 忍受 adj. 有害的,v. 诽谤 adj. 显然的,n. 载货清单 n. 弥撒曲,v. 聚集,集中 n. 席子,v. 结缠成一团 n. 巫师,adj. 中等的 adj. 老练的,v. 使成熟 adj. 不重要的,n. 仆人 n. 金属,v. 用碎石铺路 n. 模仿的人,adj. 假装的 v. ①剁碎,②小步走路 adj. 缩小的,v. 做会议记录 n. 暴民,v. 攻击 adj. 可动的,n. 风铃 v. 嘲笑,adj. 假的 adj. 中等适度的 v. 减轻 n. 田鼠,n. 海堤 n. 旷野地 v. 使(船)停泊

mount nag needle nip nose operative out pace paddy painter pan parade passing pasty pattern pawn peach peer pen perch piano pile pilot pinch pirate pitch plain pluck plumb poach pool pose pound prize project prompt proof prop prospect pry punishing purse quail quiver

v. 攀登 n. 山峰 n. 马 v. 唠叨 n. 针,针叶 v. 激怒,刺激 v. 夹,咬 n. 严寒 n. 鼻子 v. 小心向前移动 adj. 最重要的 n. 工人,技工 v. 出名,公布 n. 速度 v. 慢慢地走 n. ①水稻田 ②大怒 n. ①画家 ②船索 n. 平底锅 v. 严厉批评 n. 列队行进 v. 夸耀 n. 结束,消失 adj. 短暂的 n. 肉饼 adj. 苍白的 n. 图案 v. 模仿 v. 典当 n. 受人利用的小人物 n. 桃子 v. 告密,出卖 n. 同等的人 v. 凝视 n. ①围栏 ②笔 v. 栖息 n. 鲈鱼 adj. 轻柔地 n. 钢琴 v. 堆起 n. 细毛 n. 飞行员 v. 领航 v. 捏 n. 一撮 n. 海盗 v. 非法翻印 n. 沥青 n. 音调 n. 平原,旷野 adj. 清楚的,明白的 v. 拨毛,n. 勇气 n. 铅锤,v. 精确测定,完全地 v. ①水煮,②偷猎 n. 水坑,v. 合并,共享 v. 提出(问题),n. 装腔作势 v. 捣碎,n. (收留迷失牧畜的)兽栏 v. ①珍视,②撬开 n. 计划,v. 扩散 v. 促使,adj. 迅速的 adj. 有耐力的,n. 证明 v. 支持,n. 道具 n. 希望,v. 勘探 v. 刺探,撬开 adj. 累人的,n. 惨败 n. 钱包,v. 皱起 n. 鹌鹑,v. 畏惧 n. 箭筒,v. 颤抖

rabbit rack racket rag rail rake rank rat rave rap recess refrain refuse relay rent repose retail rib rig ring rivet rook row ruling rumble sack sandwich scale scent scoff scour scurvy second shark sheer shore slack slang slate slight smart space spruce stalk

n. 兔,v. 抱怨 n. 行李架,v. 毁坏 n. ①球拍,②吵闹 n. 破布,v. 愚弄,取笑 v. 咒骂,n. 围栏 n. 耙子,v. 倾斜 adj. 恶臭的,n. 等级 n. 鼠,v. 背叛,背信 v. 胡说,n. 过分赞扬 n. 轻毁,v. 严厉指责 n. 休息,v. 使凹进 v. 抑制,n. 迭句 v. 拒绝,n. 废物 n. 接力赛跑,v. 传播 n. 租金,n. 裂缝 v. 休息,信赖 v. ①零售,②传播(消息) n. 肋骨,v. 开玩笑 n. 船具,v. 舞弊 n. 圆圈,v. 围起来 n. 铆钉,v. 吸引 n. 白嘴鸦,v. 诈骗 v. 划船,n. 吵架 n. 裁决,adj. 统治的 v. ①发出隆隆声,②看穿,识破 n. 袋子,v. 被解雇 n. 三明治,v. 挤入 n. ①比例,刻度,②鱼鳞, v. ①攀登,②剥落 v. 察觉,n. 气味 v. ①嘲笑,②狼吞虎咽 v. ①巡视,②擦亮 adj. 卑鄙,n. 坏血病 n. 秒,v. 赞成,支持 n. ①鲨鱼,②高利货者 adj. 纯的,陡峭的,v. 躲开,避开 n. 岸,v. 支撑,撑住 adj. 松驰的,玩忽职宁的 n. 俚语,v. 谩骂 n. 石板,v. 猛烈抨击 adj. 轻微的,v. 轻视 adj. 聪敏的,n. 剧痛 n. 空间,v. 隔开 n. 云彩,adj. 衣着漂亮的,v. 修饰 v. (打猎时)潜随,n. 茎干

staunch steep stem stunt table tack tackle tag tail tally tan tap tartar tear telescope temper tender tip tough train trigger trip tuck twit twig

v. 制止…流动,adj. 忠诚可靠的 adj. 陡峭的,过分的,v. 浸泡 n. 茎,柄,v. 遏制 v. 阻碍生长,n. 绝技,特技 n. 桌子,v. 建议 n. 平头钉,v. 钉住 滑车,v. 解决(问题) n. 标签,v. 紧随 n. 尾巴,v. 盯梢 n. 帐簿,v. 吻合 v. 鞣革,狠狠鞭打 v. 开发,轻拍 n. 牙垢,脾气暴躁的人 n. 眼泪,v. 斯裂 n. 望远镜,v. 挤撞 n. 脾气,v. 冲淡 adj. 柔软的,n. 估价单 n. 尖端,v. 弄歪,n. 窍门 adj. 强壮的,n. 无法无天的人 n. 火车,v. 培植 n. (枪的)板机,v. 引发 v. 绊倒,n. 旅行 v. 隐藏或安置,n. (衣服的)褶 v. 嘲笑,n. 傻瓜,笨蛋 n. 小枝,v. 了解

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abash embarrass abate subside or moderate abiding : ENDURING, CONTINUING abiding 1 : to wait for : AWAIT 2 a : to endure without yielding : WITHSTAND b : to bear patiently : TOLERATE *cannot abide such bigots 3 : to accept without objection *will abide your decision* abrasion 1 a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction b : IRRITATION 2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane abrogate abolish absolute abstract theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentationals representational (of a style of art) showing things as they actually appear in real life abstract elaborate abstruse obscure; profound; difficult to understand abuse diatribe accede agree accessible easy to approach; obtainable accolade award of merit; strong praise and approvals merit good quality deserving praise; merits: aspect of character or behavior deserving approval or disapproval; Ex. judge each plan on its own merits; V: deserve; earns demerit fault; bad qualities earn gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve accretion growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete acme peak; pinnacle; highest point admonish warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove adulate : to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly advocate speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for aesthetic status 3 : to make ineffective affection : a moderate feeling or emotion affinity feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages

albinism the condition of an albino albino an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation; especially: a human being or nonhuman mammal that is congenitally deficient in pigment ambiguous unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation amiss wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV. analogy similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things anthology a collection of selected literary pieces or passages or works of art or music anodyne 1 : serving to assuage pain 2 : not likely to offend or arouse tensions antonym a word of opposite meaning *the usual antonym of good apathy lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic apex tip; summit; climax; highest point aphorism pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic apologist one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia apoplectic 1 : of, relating to, or causing stroke 2 : affected with, inclined to, or showing symptoms of stroke 3 : of a kind to cause or apparently cause stroke approbation approval archaic antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N. arid (of land) dry; barren; unproductive arresting 1 a : to bring to a stop *sickness arrested his activities* b : CHECK, SLOW c : to make inactive *an arrested tumor* 2 : SEIZE, CAPTURE; specifically : to take or keep in custody by authority of law 3 : to catch suddenly and engagingly arresting catching the attention : STRIKING, IMPRESSIVE assume 1 a : to take up or in : RECEIVE b : to take into partnership, employment, or use 2 a : to take to or upon oneself : UNDERTAKE b : PUT ON, DON 3 : to take control of 4: to pretend to have or be : FEIGN *assumed an air of confidence in spite of her dismay* 5 : to take as granted or true : SUPPOSE 6 : to take over (the debts of another) as one's own asunder into parts; apart; V. sunder atone make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for auspicious favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices authenticate prove genuine avarice greediness for wealth aversion firm dislike baleful evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look balky refusing or likely to refuse to proceed, act, or function as directed or expected balm something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees

banal hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality baneful harmful; poisonous base contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron belie contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure. bemoan 1 : to express deep grief or distress over 2 : to regard with displeasure, disapproval, or regret betray be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety. blandness 1 a : smooth and soothing in manner or quality *a bland smile* b : exhibiting no personal concern or embarrassment : UNPERTURBED *a bland confession of guilt* 2 a : not irritating, stimulating, or invigorating : SOOTHING b : DULL, INSIPID blatant extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy blazon 1 : to publish widely : PROCLAIM 2 a : to describe (heraldic or armorial bearings) in technical terms b : to represent (armorial bearings) in drawing or engraving 3 a : DISPLAY b : DECK, ADORN blurb a short publicity notice boding : FOREBODING brat 1 a : CHILD; specifically : an ill-mannered annoying child b : an ill-mannered immature person 2 : the son or daughter of a career military person breezeway a roofed often open passage connecting two buildings (as a house and garage) or halves of a building brevity conciseness; shortness of duration bucolic rustic; pastoral buoyant able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market burgeon grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry burlesque give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly byline 1 : a secondary line : SIDELINE 2 : a line at the beginning of a news, story, magazine article, or book giving the writer's name cacophonical cacophonous marked by cacophony : harsh-sounding cacophony unpleasant mixture of loud sounds calibrated to standardize (as a measuring instrument) by determining the deviation from a standard so as to ascertain the proper correction factors callow youthful; immature; inexperienced calm allay calumniate 1 : to utter maliciously false statements, charges, or imputations about 2 : to injure the reputation of by calumny canonical 1: of, relating to, or forming a canon

2 : conforming to a general rule or acceptable procedure : ORTHODOX 3 : of or relating to a clergyman who is a canon 4 : reduced to the canonical form cantankerous ill-humored; irritable canvass determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N canvass to examine in detail canvass the act or an instance of canvassing caprice whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause caricature distortion; burlesque categorical ABSOLUTE, UNQUALIFIED categorical without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute cater provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind) catholic (of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes cavil to raise trivial and frivolous objection cavil quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily cavort 1 : PRANCE 2 : to engage in extravagant behavior check stop motion; curb or restrain chiaroscuro 1 : pictorial representation in terms of light and shade without regard to color 2 a : the arrangement or treatment of light and dark parts in a pictorial work of art b : the interplay or contrast of dissimilar qualities (as of mood or character) 3 : a 16th century woodcut technique involving the use of several blocks to print different tones of the same color; also : a print made by this technique 4 : the interplay of light and shadow on or as if on a surface 5 : the quality of being veiled or partly in shadow churlish boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo circumlocution indirect or roundabout expression (by using an unnecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly) circumlocutory 1 : the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea 2 : evasion in speech cistern reservoir or water tank clandestine secret clement inclined to be merciful : LENIENT clement inclined to be merciful ; MILD collapse 1 : to fall or shrink together abruptly and completely : fall into a jumbled or flattened mass through the force of external pressure 2 : to break down completely : DISINTEGRATE 3 : to cave or fall in or give way 4 : to suddenly lose force, significance, effectiveness, or worth 5 : to break down in vital energy, stamina, or self-control through exhaustion or disease; especially : to fall helpless or unconscious 6 : to fold down into a more compact shape

collusion conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude compendium brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious complimentary 1 a : expressing or containing a compliment b : FAVORABLE *the novel received complimentary reviews* 2 : given free as a courtesy or favor compunctious 1 a : anxiety arising from awareness of guilt b : distress of mind over an anticipated action or result 2 : a twinge of misgiving compunctious : a twinge of misgiving : SCRUPLE *cheated without compunction conciliate reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger) conciseness 1 : marked by brevity of expression or statement : free from all elaboration and superfluous detail 2 : cut short conciseness brevity condign adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved conducive helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards conform be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule congenial pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather conjecture surmise; guess consign send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment conspicuous notable constrained 1 a : to force by imposed stricture, restriction, or limitation b : to restrict the motion of (a mechanical body) to a particular mode 2 : COMPRESS; also : to clasp tightly 3 : to secure by or as if by bonds : CONFINE; broadly : LIMIT 4 : to force or produce in an unnatural or strained manner *a constrained smile* 5 : to hold back by or as if by force contagion infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air contagious communicable by contact contumacious stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court) convey a : to bear from one place to another; especially : to move in a continuous stream or mass b : to impart or communicate by statement, suggestion, gesture, or appearance c (1) archaic: STEAL (2) obsolete: to carry away secretly d : to transfer or deliver to another especially by a sealed writing e : to cause to pass from one place or person to another cow to destroy the resolve or courage of craven cowardly

credibility crest top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird crouch 1 a : to lower the body stance especially by bending the legs b : to lie close to the ground with the legs bent 2 : to bend or bow servilely crutch to support on crutches : prop up crux essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance culpable deserving blame; blameworthy dabbler one that dabbles: as a : one not deeply engaged in or concerned with something damp MOISTURE: a : HUMIDITY, DAMPNESS b archaic dandy 1 : a man who gives exaggerated attention to personal appearance 2 : something excellent in its class daunt intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten debase degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement debilitated to impair the strength of : ENFEEBLE decrepit weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man dedication 1 : an act or rite of dedicating to a divine being or to a sacred use 2 : a devoting or setting aside for a particular purpose 3 : a name and often a message prefixed to a literary, musical, or artistic production in tribute to a person or cause 4 : self-sacrificing devotion deference respect and esteem due a superior or an elder defile a narrow passage or gorge narrowness defuse 1 : to remove the fuse from (as a mine or bomb) 2 : to make less harmful, potent, or tense *defuse the crisis* deliberate to think about or discuss issues and decisions carefully deliberate consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow demoralize 1 : to corrupt the morals of 2 a : to weaken the morale of : b : to upset or destroy the normal functioning of c : to throw into disorder denounce condemn; criticize; N. denunciation deplore regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition deprecating to express disapproval of a : PLAY DOWN : make little of b : BELITTLE, DISPARAGE depreciate to lower in estimation or esteem depreciate lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value depressed 1 : low in spirits : SAD; especially : affected by psychological depression 2 a : vertically flattened *a depressed cactus* b : having the central part lower than the margin c : lying flat or prostrate d : dorsoventrally flattened

3 : suffering from economic depression; especially : UNDERPRIVILEGED 4 : being below the standard deracinate UPROOT derision ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. Derisory derivative unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style despondent without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection diaphanous sheer; transparent diatribe a bitter and abusive speech or writing;ironical or satirical criticism diffidence shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident: diffident 1 : hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence 2 archaic : DISTRUSTFUL 3 : RESERVED, UNASSERTIVE diluted 1 : ATTENUATE 2 : to make thinner or more liquid by admixture 3 : to diminish the strength, flavor, or brilliance of by admixture 4 : to decrease the per share value of (common stock) by increasing the total number of shares diminish 1 : to make less or cause to appear less 2 : to lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of : BELITTLE 3 : to cause to taper din a loud continued noise; especially : a welter of discordant sounds disaffected disloyal; lacking loyalty; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty discommode : to cause inconvenience to : TROUBLE discompose disturb the composure of; confuse disdain treat with scorn or contempt disparate basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated dispassionate calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings disputed 1 a : to make the subject of disputation b : to call into question 2 a : to struggle against : OPPOSE b : to contend over distinct 1 : distinguishable to the eye or mind as discrete : SEPARATE 2 : presenting a clear unmistakable impression 3 archaic : notably decorated 4 a : NOTABLE *a distinct contribution to scholarship* b : readily and unmistakably doddering shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder dour sullen; gloomy; stubborn downpour a pouring or streaming downward; especially : a heavy rain draconian extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco Athenian politiciandryad wood nymph

dulcet sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious earsplitting distressingly loud or shrill efface rub out; remove the surface of effervescence inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce effete having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted elaborate marked by complexity, fullness of detail, or ornateness *elaborate prose elaborate work out carefully; add more detail or information elated filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. Elation elongate to extend the length of elucidate explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid emanative 1 a : the action of emanating b : the origination of the world by a series of hierarchically descending radiations from the Godhead through intermediate stages to matter 2 a : something that emanates or is produced by emanation : EFFLUENCE embolden to instill with boldness or courage embrace hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet emulate imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation) emulate a : to strive to equal or excel b : IMITATE; especially : to imitate by means of an emulator encomium glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise; also : an expression of this very high praise; eulogy enduring lasting; surviving energize invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active engage attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle engross occupy fully; absorb ennoble 1 : to make noble : ELEVATE *seemed ennobled by suffering* 2 : to raise to the rank of nobility ennui boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF.annoy enslave enthrall entrancing 1 : to carry away with delight, wonder, or rapture 2 : to put into a trance ephemeral short-lived; fleeting equivocal (of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal erect 1 a : vertical in position; also : not spread out or decumbent b : standing up or out from the body c : characterized by firm or rigid straightness in bodily posture 2 archaic : directed upward erode eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.

erosion 1 a : the action or process of eroding b : the state of being eroded 2 : an instance or product of erosive action erratic odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable erudite (of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly escalate to increase in extent, volume, number, amount, intensity, or scope esoteric hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica esteem respect; value; judge; N. estrange alienate (people in a family) ethereal like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air euphemism mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic evanescent fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce exaggeration to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth execrate curse; express abhorrence for; detest exemplary serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model exonerate acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt expansive (of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size exponent 1 : a symbol written above and to the right of a mathematical expression to indicate the operation of raising to a power 2 a : one that expounds or interprets b : one that champions, practices, or exemplifies exponent 1 : a symbol written above and to the right of a mathematical expression to indicate the operation of raising to a power 2 a : one that expounds or interprets b : one that champions, practices, or exemplifies expose 1 : a formal statement of facts 2 : an exposure of something discreditable extinguish douse extol praise very highly; glorify extraneous not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject extravagant costing or spending too much; wasteful; going beyond reasonable limits; excessive or unrestrained fabricate build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society ingenious marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. Ingenuity farce broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical fastidious difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky fathom comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the

depth of water fatuous smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness fawn to court favor by a cringing or flattering manner fawn exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness fetter shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot filibuster the use of extreme dilatory tactics in an attempt to delay or prevent action especially in a legislative assembly flourish grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting) foment stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant) foment to promote the growth or development of : ROUSE, INCITE foolhardy rash; reckless; foolishly daring formidable menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question forthright straightforward; direct; frank fortified to make strong fortify to make strong: as a : to strengthen and secure (as a town) by forts or batteries b : to give physical strength, courage, or endurance to c : to add mental or moral strength to : ENCOURAGE *fortified by prayer* d : to add material to for strengthening or enriching fraud deception; swindle frigid intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone frugal practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive furtive stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance openly imitating the works of other artists garble mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible garble mixed up; jumbled; distorted genial displaying or marked by genius genial cheerful and good-tempered gesture 1 archaic : CARRIAGE, BEARING 2 : a movement usually of the body or limbs that expresses or emphasizes an idea, sentiment, or attitude 3 : the use of motions of the limbs or body as a means of expression 4 : something said or done by way of formality or courtesy, as a symbol or token, or for its effect on the attitudes of others glimmer shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication;

Ex. glimmer of hope grammatical 1 : of or relating to grammar 2 : conforming to the rules of grammar grating raspy gratuitous given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment gratuitous 1 a : given unearned or without recompense b : not involving a return benefit, compensation, or consideration c : costing nothing : FREE 2 : not called for by the circumstances : UNWARRANTED hackney commonplace; trite hackneyed a : to make common or frequent use of b : to make trite, vulgar, or commonplace hackneyed commonplace; trite hamstring 1 : to make ineffective or powerless : CRIPPLE *hamstrung by guilt* 2 : to cripple by cutting the leg tendons haphazard desultory, random harbor give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind(thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N place of shelter; refuge havoc widespread damage; disorder; chaos hedge 1 a : a fence or boundary formed by a dense row of shrubs or low trees b : BARRIER, LIMIT 2 : a means of protection or defense (as against financial loss) 3 : a calculatedly noncommittal or evasive statement hedge to try to avoid or lessen loss in (a bet, risk, etc.) by making counter hideousness 1 : offensive to the senses and especially to sight : exceedingly ugly 2 : morally offensive : SHOCKING hoard : a supply or fund stored up and often hidden away hoard stockpile; accumulate for future use; N supply stored for future use hovel shack; small wretched house husbandry frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry husky resembling, containing, or full of husks imitation an act or instance of imitating imitation mimicry impeccable faultless imperious domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor imperious marked by arrogant assurance : DOMINEERING imperious violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision implode 1 a : to burst inward b : to undergo violent compression

2 : to collapse inward as if from external pressure; also : to become greatly reduced as if from collapsing implode burst inward; CF. vacuum tube impression a characteristic trait or feature resulting from influence inalienable not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights inanimate : not animate: a : not endowed with life or spirit b : lacking consciousness or power of motion 2 : not animated or lively : DULL inattention failure incommunicative UNCOMMUNICATIVE incongruent not congruent indecorous not decorous indigenous native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World NONNATIVE indolence inclination to laziness : SLOTH indolent lazy indulgent indulging or characterized by indulgence; especially inestimable impossible to estimate; (apprec) invaluable; of immeasurable worth ingenious marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity insouciant without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent inspired outstanding or brilliant in a way or to a degree suggestive of divine inspiration instill inculcate institute 1 : to establish in a position or office 2 a : to originate and get established : ORGANIZE *instituted reading clinics* b : to set going insubordinate disobedient to authority insubordination disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate integral complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part integrity honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness intemperate not temperate *intemperate criticism*; especially : given to excessive use of intoxicating liquors interim meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper interlude 1 : a usually short simple play or dramatic entertainment 2 : an intervening or interruptive period, space, or event : INTERVAL 3 : a musical composition inserted between the parts of a longer composition, a drama, or a religious service interminable having or seeming to have no end; especially : wearisomely protracted intransigent 1 a : refusing to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or attitude : UNCOMPROMISING b : IRRECONCILABLE 2 : characteristic of an intransigent person intrepid characterized by resolute fearlessness, fortitude, and endurance intrinsic belonging to the essential nature or constitution of a thing invective abuse

investigate to observe or study by close examination and systematic inquiry : to make a systematic examination; especially : to conduct an official inquiry invigorate to give life and energy to : ANIMATE; also : STIMULATE invoice 1 : an itemized list of goods shipped usually specifying the price and the terms of sale : BILL 2 : a consignment of merchandise invulnerable incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure irresolute uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution jaundice medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias jejune 1 : lacking nutritive value *jejune diets* 2 : devoid of significance or interest : DULL *jejune lectures* 3 : JUVENILE, PUERILE jolt 1 : to cause to move with a sudden jerky motion 2 : to give a knock or blow to; specifically : to jar with a quick or hard blow 3 a : to disturb the composure of *crudely jolted out of that mood? Virginia Wolf* b : to interfere with roughly, abruptly, and disconcertingly *determination to pursue his own course was jolted badly? F. L. Paxson* intransitive senses : to move with a sudden jerky motion kindle ignite labyrinth maze landfill a system of trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up lane a narrow passageway between fences or hedges languid lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless lapse a slight error typically due to forgetfulness or inattention largesse 1 : liberal giving (as of money) to or as if to an inferior; also : something so given 2 : GENEROSITY lassitude languor; weariness; listlessness latent present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential latent present and capable of becoming though not now visible, obvious, or active lavish liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; PROFUSE; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance lenient not severe in judgment or punishment limerick a light or humorous verse lithe flexible; supple; CF. Limber lucid easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. Lucidity luxurious splendid; malice desire to harm others; spite malleable (of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable martinet strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders;

CF. Jean Martinet mathematical 1 expression to indicate the operation of raising to a power 2 a : one that expounds or interprets b : one that champions, practices, or exemplifies mawkish mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental mean stingy meddlesome interfering; V. meddle: interfere mediocre ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad meet precisely adapted to a particular situation, need, or circumstance : very proper meet unsuitable meet 1 a : to come into the presence of : FIND b : to come together with especially at a particular time or place *I'll meet you at the station* c : to come into contact or conjunction with : JOIN d : to appear to the perception of 2 : to encounter as antagonist or foe : OPPOSE 3 : to enter into conference, argument, or personal dealings with 4 : to conform to especially with exactitude and precision *a concept to meet all requirements* 5 : to pay fully : SETTLE 6 : to cope with *was able to meet every social situation* 7 : to provide for *enough money to meet our needs* 8 : to become acquainted with 9 : ENCOUNTER, EXPERIENCE 10 : to receive or greet in an official capacity intransitive senses 1 a : to come face-to-face b : to come together for a common purpose : ASSEMBLE c : to come together as contestants, opponents, or enemies membrane thin soft pliable sheet or layer especially of animal or plant origin merited to be worthy of or entitled or liable to merited DESERVE metrical metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. Metrical translation of Homer miff 1 : a fit of ill humor 2 : a trivial quarrel minutia petty or trivial details; CF. minutia mischievous causing mischief; playfully troublesome misdemeanor minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing miser stingy man miserly stingy; mean mockery 1 : insulting or contemptuous action or speech : DERISION 2 : a subject of laughter, derision, or sport 3 a : a counterfeit appearance : IMITATION b : an insincere, contemptible, or impertinent imitation *makes a mockery of justice* 4 : something ridiculously or impudently unsuitable mordant biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit mordant 1 : biting and caustic in thought, manner, or style 2 : acting as a mordant

3 : BURNING, PUNGENT mourn rue natty neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser nebulous vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous nefarious very wicked nitpick to criticize by nit-picking notwithstanding DESPITE novelty something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original obeisance bow (to show respect and obedience) obfuscate confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand oblivious inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting) obsequiousness occult mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human. bare offbeat eccentric, unconventional offbeat the unaccented beat of a musical measure offend violate; hurt the feelings of offensive attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: opacity 1 : the quality or state of a body that makes it impervious to the rays of light; broadly : the relative capacity of matter to obstruct the transmission of radiant energy 2 a : obscurity of sense : UNINTELLIGIBLENESS b : the quality or state of being mentally obtuse : DULLNESS 3 : an opaque spot in a normally transparent structure oppose 1 : to place opposite or against something 2 : to place over against something so as to provide resistance, counterbalance, or contrast 3 : to offer resistance to opulent possessing great wealth; abundant oration an elaborate discourse delivered in a formal and dignified manner ostracism banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism outgoing sociable; eager to mix socially with others pacific mild of temper palatial of or suitable for a palace; magnificent palliate ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness) pallor deficiency of color especially of the face panache flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache pander cater to (the low desires of others) parity equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate parse 1 a : to resolve (as a sentence) into component parts of speech and describe them

grammatically b : to describe grammatically by stating the part of speech and explaining the inflection and syntactical relationships 2 : to examine in a minute way : analyze critically *parses appellate court opinions* intransitive senses 1 : to give a grammatical description of a word or a group of words 2 : to admit of being parsed parsimony stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious passionate 1 a : easily aroused to anger b : filled with anger : ANGRY 2 a : capable of, affected by, or expressing intense feeling b : ENTHUSIASTIC, ARDENT 3 : swayed by or affected with sexual desire pastiche 1 : a literary, artistic, musical, or architectural work that imitates the style of previous work; also : such stylistic imitation 2 a : a musical, literary, or artistic composition made up of selections from different works : POTPOURRI b : HODGEPODGE pastiche imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists patent obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone paucity scarcity; dearth pedestrian ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; peeve make angry pellucid transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand peremptory 1 a : putting an end to or precluding a right of action, debate, or delay b : admitting of no contradiction 2 : expressive of urgency or command 3 a : characterized by often imperious or arrogant self-assurance b : indicative of a peremptory attitude or nature peremptory characterized by often imperious or arrogant self-assurance peremptory demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock perspicacious of acute mental vision or discernment pertinacious holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent perturb 1 : to disturb greatly in mind : DISQUIET 2 : to throw into confusion : DISORDER 3 : to cause to experience a perturbation philanthropic 1 : of, relating to, or characterized by philanthropy : HUMANITARIAN 2 : dispensing or receiving aid from funds set aside for humanitarian purposes pigment a substance that imparts black or white or a color to other materials pigment coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)

pinpoint 1 : something that is extremely small or insignificant 2 : the point of a pin 3 : an extremely small or sharp point pitiless devoid of pity : MERCILESS placate pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease plangent 1 : having a loud reverberating sound 2 : having an expressive and especially plaintive quality pliant flexible; easily influenced plot to plan or contrive especially secretly plumb exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of politic wise,expedient :politic poll 1 a : to cut off or cut short the hair or wool of : CROP, SHEAR b : to cut off or cut short (as wool) 2 a : to cut off or back the top of (as a tree); specifically : POLLARD b : to cut off or cut short the horns of (cattle) 3 a : to receive and record the votes of b : to request each member of to declare a vote individually *poll the assembly* 4 : to receive (as votes) in an election 5 : to question or canvass in a poll 6 : to test (as several computer terminals sharing a single line) in sequence for messages to be transmitted pollster one that conducts a poll or compiles data obtained by a poll pontificate 1 a : to officiate as a pontiff b : to celebrate pontifical mass 2 : to speak or express opinions in a pompous or dogmatic way pore study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book porous permeable postulate self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument) prairie 1 : land in or predominantly in grass 2 : a tract of grassland precipice cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice precipitous steep; overhasty; precipitate preen make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune prescriptive 1 : serving to prescribe 2 : acquired by, founded on, or determined by prescription or by long-standing custom privilege a right or immunity granted as a peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor probe explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe probe : to search into and explore with great thoroughness : subject to a penetrating investigation exponent

probity uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility procure obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another prod 1 a : to thrust a pointed instrument into : PRICK b : to incite to action :STIR 2 : to poke or stir as if with a prod prodigal wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality prodigious enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory profligate wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy profusion great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; prolix wordy; verbose; diffuse propagate increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas propagate transitive senses 1 : to cause to continue or increase by sexual or asexual reproduction 2 : to pass along to offspring 3 a : to cause to spread out and affect a greater number or greater area : EXTEND b: to foster growing knowledge of, familiarity with, or acceptance of (as an idea or belief) : PUBLICIZE c : to transmit (as sound or light) through a medium intransitive senses 1 : to multiply sexually or asexually 2 : INCREASE, EXTEND 3 : to travel through space or a material ? used of wave energy proposal prosaic lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose prostrate 1 : stretched out with face on the ground in adoration or submission; 2 : completely overcome and lacking vitality, will, or power to rise 3 : trailing on the ground prostrate lying with the front downward protract prolong; lengthen in time; draw out length pry inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying pulchritude beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous pulchritude physical comeliness pundit authority on a subject; expert; learned person purlieu an outlying or adjacent district; a frequently visited place qualified limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify quash crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court quell suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ''Army Quells

Rebellion'' in newspaper quip taunt; clever sarcastic remark rabid of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia raffish 1 : marked by or suggestive of flashy vulgarity or crudeness 2 : marked by a careless unconventionality : RAKISH rancor long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous rapport close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony rapprochement establishment of or state of having cordial relations ration fixed portion; V: distribute as rations reactionary strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical recant disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement reconnoiter make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information) redolent odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery redoubtable formidable; causing fear refuse TRASH, GARBAGE regimen prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer relinquish give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm remunerative 1 : serving to remunerate 2 : providing remuneration : PROFITABLE rend split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow reprobate morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; misbehave badly behave resonant (of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance sound respite time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve restive 1 : stubbornly resisting control : BALKY 2 : marked by impatience : FIDGETY restrain moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction resurge rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence retinue following; attendants rider amendment or clause added to a legislative bill rigid hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule rigorous 1 : manifesting, exercising, or favoring rigor : very strict 2 a : marked by extremes of temperature or climate b : HARSH, SEVERE 3 : scrupulously accurate rouse to stir up safeguard a technical contrivance to prevent accident

sagacious wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity salubrious healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health salutary tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health sapient : possessing or expressing great sagacity salvage to rescue or save especially from wreckage or ruin savory pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation scintillating sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life scoff laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats score number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold scorn an expression of contempt or derision scrutable capable of being deciphered : COMPREHENSIBLE scuff 1 a : to walk without lifting the feet : SHUFFLE b : to poke or shuffle a foot in exploration or embarrassment 2 : to become scratched, chipped, or roughened by wear sedulous diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity seemly conventionally proper; suited to the occasion, purpose, or person seemly (of behavior) proper; appropriate sentiment 1 a : an attitude, thought, or judgment prompted by feeling : PREDILECTION b : a specific view or notion : OPINION 2 a : EMOTION b : refined feeling : delicate sensibility especially as expressed in a work of art c : emotional idealism d : a romantic or nostalgic feeling verging on sentimentality 3 a : an idea colored by emotion b : the emotional significance of a passage or expression as distinguished from its verbal context shadow an inseparable companion or follower shiftiness a : given to deception, evasion, or fraud : TRICKY b : capable of evasive movement : ELUSIVE *a shifty boxer* shirk avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger shy coy simplicity 1 : the state of being simple, uncomplicated, or uncompounded 2 a : lack of subtlety or penetration : INNOCENCE, NAIVET* b : FOLLY, SILLINESS 3 : freedom from pretense or guile : CANDOR 4 a : directness of expression : CLARITY b : restraint in ornamentation : AUSTERITY siren apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature slacken slow up; loosen; make or become slack slipshod slovenly; careless; sloppy; untidy; shabby; Ex. slipshod work

sloven one who is habitually untidy or careless smuggle 1 : to import or export secretly contrary to the law and especially without paying duties imposed by law 2 : to convey or introduce surreptitiously soak to lie immersed in liquid (as water) solace comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble solvent able to pay all depths; N. solvency somnolence the quality or state of being drowsy : SLEEPINESS soporific sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy spartan without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life sprightly marked by a gay lightness and vivacity : SPIRITED spurious false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments spurn reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help. squalid dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; stagnant (of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output steepness 1 : LOFTY, HIGH ? used chiefly of a sea 2 : making a large angle with the plane of the horizon 3 a : mounting or falling precipitously *the stairs were very steep* b : being or characterized by a rapid and intensive decline or increase 4 : extremely or excessively high stench strong foul odor; reek; stink sterile incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize stickier 1 a : ADHESIVE b (1) : VISCOUS, GLUEY (2) : coated with a sticky substance 2 : HUMID, MUGGY; also : CLAMMY 3 : tending to stick 4 a : DISAGREEABLE, UNPLEASANT b : AWKWARD, STIFF c : DIFFICULT, PROBLEMATIC 5 : excessively sentimental : CLOYING stickler perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right stodgy having a rich filling quality subliminally 1 : inadequate to produce a sensation or a perception 2 : existing or functioning below the threshold of consciousness submerge place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work submerge inundate substantial of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy substantiate support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify succinct marked by compact precise expression without wasted words

suite RETINUE sunder to break apart or in two : separate by or as if by violence or by intervening time or space sunder separate; part; CF. asunder surrendered 1 a : to yield to the power, control, or possession of another upon compulsion or demand *surrendered the fort* b : to give up completely or agree to forgo especially in favor of another 2 a : to give (oneself) up into the power of another especially as a prisoner b : to give (oneself) over to something (as an influence) intransitive senses : to give oneself up into the power of another : YIELD suspend cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension svelte 1 a : SLENDER, LITHE b : having clean lines : SLEEK 2 : URBANE, SUAVE swagger to conduct oneself in an arrogant or superciliously pompous manner; especially : to walk with an air of overbearing swagger walk or behave with an over-confident manner swamp wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid sybarite lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy sycophant servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic taciturn habitually silent; talking little tardy slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival tatty rather worn, frayed, or dilapidated : SHABBY taut tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack tedious tiresome because of length or dullness : BORING tedium boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious teeter 1 a : to move unsteadily : WOBBLE b : WAVER, VACILLATE telling have noticeable effect; impressive temperance 1 : moderation in action, thought, or feeling : RESTRAINT 2 a : habitual moderation in the indulgence of the appetites or passions b : moderation in or abstinence from the use of intoxicating drink tenable capable of being held, maintained, or defended tenacious 1 a : not easily pulled apart : b : tending to adhere or cling especially to another substance 2 a : persistent in maintaining or adhering to something valued or habitual b : RETENTIVE tenacious holding fast (as to a belief); persistent tepid 1 : moderately warm : LUKEWARM *a tepid bath* 2 a : lacking in passion, force, or zest *a tepid joke* b : marked by an absence of enthusiasm or conviction testy irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. Testiness

threadbare worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses throng crowd (of people or things) thwart block or hinder; baffle; frustrate tightfisted reluctant to part with money timeworn 1 : worn or impaired by time *timeworn mansions* 2 a : AGE-OLD, ANCIENT *timeworn procedures* b : HACKNEYED, STALE timorous fearful; timid; demonstrating fear tirade long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation tonic 1 a : characterized by tonus *tonic contraction of muscle*; also : marked by prolonged muscular contraction *tonic convulsions* b : producing or adapted to produce healthy muscular condition and reaction of organs (as muscles) 2 a : increasing or restoring physical or mental tone : REFRESHING b : yielding a tonic substance 3 : relating to or based on the first tone of a scale *tonic harmony* 4 of a syllable : bearing a principal stress or accent 5 : of or relating to speech tones or to languages using them to distinguish words otherwise identical tractable docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability tractable 1 : capable of being easily led, taught, or controlled :DOCILE 2 : easily handled, managed, or wrought translucence the quality or state of being translucent treacherous 1 : characterized by or manifesting treachery : PERFIDIOUS 2 a : likely to betray trust : UNRELIABLE *a treacherous memory* b : providing insecure footing or support *treacherous quicksand* c : marked by hidden dangers, hazards, or perils trenchant 1 : KEEN, SHARP 2 : vigorously effective and articulate *a trenchant analysis*; also : CAUSTIC *trenchant remarks* 3 a : sharply perceptive trenchant cutting; incisive; keen triumph a : a victory or conquest by or as if by military force b : a notable success truncate cut the top off; shorten turbid (of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick undistinguished ordinary, common unexceptionable entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism unexceptional not out of the ordinary unflagging not flagging : TIRELESS unimpeachable that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary unreflective 1 : do the opposite of : reverse (a specified action) 2 a : deprive of : remove (a specified thing) from b : release from : free from c : remove from :

extract from : bring out of d : cause to cease to be 3 : completely unrequited not requited; not reciprocated; Ex. unrequited love unscrupulous not scrupulous untenable (of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained vagrant : wandering about from place to place usually with no means of support vague not clearly expressed vapid lacking liveliness, tang, briskness, or force; dull vehement forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence venerable deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get venial (of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial verdant green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows sterile vex annoy; distress vexation the act of harassing or vexing vim : robust energy and enthusiasm vindicate clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof);exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator virtual in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; Ex. virtual ruler/space virtuous 1 : POTENT, EFFICACIOUS 2 a : having or exhibiting virtue b : morally excellent : RIGHTEOUS 3 : CHASTE vitiate 1 : to make faulty or defective : IMPAIR 2 : to debase in moral or vitiate spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally vivacious lively or animated; sprightly volatile changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street voluptuous full of delight or pleasure to the senses voluptuous sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person votary 2 a : ENTHUSIAST, DEVOTEE b : a devoted admirer 3 a : a devout or zealous worshiper b : a staunch believer or advocate warranted justified; authorized watershed 1 a : DIVIDE 2a b : a region or area bounded peripherally by a divide and draining ultimately to a particular watercourse or body of water 2 : a crucial dividing point, line, or factor whimsical capricious; fanciful; amusingly strange

winsome engaging

charming (in a childlike way); agreeable; gracious;


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