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高中重要词组和习惯用法


高中重要词组和习惯用法
http://bbs.ewteacher.com/bbs/showthread.php?t=7905

高一词组和句子 Unit One 1. What is sb. like? 某人是个什么样子? What does sb. look like?某人看起来是个什么样子? What does sb. like? 某人喜欢什么? How does sb like/find sth? 某人认为某物怎么办? What do you think of sth.? 某人认为某物怎么办? 2. argue with sb. about sth 因…和某人争执 3. enjoy/hate sth/ doing sth 4. so / nor/ neither + 系动/助动/情动 So it is with...; It is the same with... 5. be into 对…深感兴趣 =be interested in; have/show interest in 5. be fond of 喜欢 care for; like; enjoy; 6. surf the internet 上网冲浪 7. all the time 一直 总是 8. cast away 抛弃 9. imagine that...; imagine (sb/sb’s) doing sth imagine sb to be 想像某人是 10. so…that…/such…that… 如此…以致… So excited was he that he could not speak. It was such a lovely day/ so lovely a day that we decided to go outing. It is amusing that such little birds eat so much food. 10. survive the crash 在空难中幸存 13. hunt for 搜寻 寻找 search for; 11. a deserted island 荒岛 14. make fire 生火 12. all alone 独自 = all by oneself alone 单独的;独自的 lonely 孤独的;寂寞的 15. in order to 为了 so as to; in order that; so that 16. even though/even if 即使,纵然 as if / as though 17. treat…as/like… 把…当作 regard...as...; think of...as 18. share sth. with sb. 与…分享 share (in) sth 分享 19. care about/for 关心,照顾,喜欢 care for sb to do sth 愿意某人做 21. make friends with 与…交朋友 22. such as 例如 for example;for instance 23. keep...as a pet 24. regard ...as...; treat...as; think of...as; consider...as/to be 25. be loyal to; be faithful to;be devoted to 忠诚于 26. be quick in mind and action 思维敏捷行动迅速 27. have fun; enjoy oneself; have a wonderful time 28. drop me a line 给某人写短信 29. keep…in mind 把…记住 learn...by heart; remember 30. in error / by mistake 由于错误或疏忽 31. tie up (one’s hair) 扎起来 do up 32. run into 偶然遇见; 遭遇;与...相撞 come across; meet by chance; happen to meet run a business 做生意 33. be proud of 以…而感骄傲 take pride in 34. run a restaurant 开餐馆 start a restaurant care to do sth 愿意做; care + 从句 愿意;介意 + 主语

20. should have done 本来应该 =ought to have done

35. skip classes 逃课

36. keep an eye on 照顾; 注视;stare at 盯着看 It is possible/probable/likely that... Sth. + is probable have the curiosity about

37. make fun of 取笑某人; laugh at 38. It is possible (for sb) to do; Sb. + is (most) likely to do sth. 40. have problems with 在... 有问题 41. even if you are thousand miles apart 即使你们分别在几千英里 42. despite = in spite of 尽管;不管 regardless of 43. the Pacific Ocean; the Atlantic Ocean; the Indian Ocean; the arctic Ocean; Unit 2 1. for the first time 第一次;首先 at first; first of all 2. have a good flight (坐飞机)旅途愉快 3. all the way 一路 4. at all(否定:根本;疑问:到底;条件:竟然)above all 首先;首要的 after all 毕竟; in all 总共 5. make oneself at home 不拘束, 别客气 6. There you are. 你来了。 Here you are. 给你。 7. all around the world 世界各地 throughout the world 8. the majority of 大多数的 the minority of 9. in total; in all; altogether 总共 10. the number of …的数量 句 (large; small 谓语动词单数) a number of 一些; 要不是 许多 11. except for 除了. . . 之外; except 除了...都; besides 除了...还;except +从

39. be curious about 对…感到好奇 be curious that...

except (除去)指在整体中除去行为未发生者 (不包括在内) except for (除了有…之外) besides (除了…还) 包括在

指在一个整体中除去其中某个或某些因素,前后两个名词性质不同。 except that (除去;除 掉) 后接从句,还有 except when, except what; except where 等 整体之内 11. communicate with sb. 与. . . 交流,联络 12. have a good knowledge of 对. . . 很熟悉; 13. Ask sb (not) to do sth 请某人做/不做某事 事 助 13. help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助某人 14. stand still 站着不动; stay still; lie still 15. leave the door open 让门一直开着 着 持...(被...)的状态 16. turn down /up the radio turn off / on 关掉/打开 17. stay up 熬夜; 不睡觉 把收音机声音关小/开大 turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝 turn in 上缴; turn out 结果是;被证明是 leave the light on 让灯一直亮 leave sb doing sth 留置/听任...保持...(做某事)的状态 leave... done 留置/听任...保 通晓 Tell sb (not) to do sth 让某人不做某 but (除了...之外) 和 except 同义,与否定词或疑问词连用

Order sb (not) to do sth 命令某人做/不做某事 help (to)do sth; help sb (to)do sth 帮 assist in doing sth. 协助某人做... assist sb with sth; assist sb to do sth;

18. come about 发生;happen; take place; break out 19. There is no quick answer to this question. 20. in the same way 用同样的方式 in different ways 不同 上 on the way 在路上;即将发生 in this way 这样 in no way 决不 in the way 挡道;妨碍 out of the way 不挡道 in a way 在某种程度上;在某一点 by the way 顺便说/问一下; by way of 经由;经过

21. stay the same = remain the same. 保持不变 22. at the same time 同时 =meanwhile 23. end up with 以...(形式)告终 begin/start with 24. more or less 或多或少 25. have difficulty/trouble in doing sth 分 a great many of the factories 数) 做某事有困难 a great many factories 区 a great deal of; a large amount of; (不可 26. a great many; many a; a great number of (可数) end in failure 以失败而告终

a large quantity of; large quantities of; plenty of; lots of bring about 引起;导致 bring up 抚养;培养

27. bring in 带来; 引进 bring out 出版;生产;揭露;使……显露 29. shut up 闭嘴 30. pass away 去世 31. promise to do something 答应做某事 promise sb to do sth 答应某人做某事 promise that... = make a promise (that) 32. make a decision 做出决定=decide 33. marry sb; 与某人结婚 get married to sb;be married to sb 34. at (the) least 至少 at (the) most 最多 35. a little bit 区分:a little; a bit; a bit of; not a bit ; not a little 36. chat on line 网上聊天 37. stay in touch =keep in touch with sb. 保持联系 keep track of 跟踪 get in touch with; 取得联系 lose touch with 失去联系 38. because of 区分 because thanks to 多亏了 as a result of 由于...的结果 因为 39. not only... but also.. (用于句首时,前句倒装) Not only did Xiaohua learn a lot of English from her Canadian teacher, she also became very interested in Canada. (前句倒,后句不倒) Not only the students but also the teacher doesn’ understand this sentence. (并 t 列主语,不倒装,谓语就近一致) 40. as many as; as much as 和...一样多 41. in the name of 以....的名义 Unit 3 1. consider ...( as/to be)... 认为...是 consider it +n./adj. for sb to do sth consider doing sth 考虑要做某事 consider +疑问词 + to do sth 考虑... consider that 从句 认为;考虑 in consideration of 报答;由于 take ...into consideration 顾及,考虑到 under consideration 在考虑中,在研究中 2. means of transportation/transport 交通方式 Every possible means has been tried, but none worked. All possible means have been tried, ... by all means 不惜一切 =in all ways by this means 用这种方法 =in this way by no means 决不; 一点也不=in no way by means of 通过, 借助于 = by 3. in time 及时;早晚;总有一天 travel in time 在时空中旅行 on time 准时 as many books as as much money as His son is as naughty a boy as he used to be when he was young. due to 由于, 因为 owing to 由于;

in no time 马上; 立刻 at that time 那时 的

at times 有时 for the time being 暂时

4. prefer sth / to do sth / sb to do sth 更喜欢; 较喜欢 prefer doing A to doing B 比 起 B 事来,更愿做 A 事 prefer A to B; 喜欢 A 胜于 B = like A better than B prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做 A 而不愿做 B 5. in space 在太空 in outer space 在外部空间 6. get away (from) 摆脱; 离开 break away from 脱离 get rid of 去除 7. more and more 越来越… 8. instead of 代替; 而不是 (区分:instead)rather than 9. try doing 试着做 try to do sth 努力去做;试图作 manage to do sth = succeed in doing sth 设法做到了某事 attempt to do sth; make an attempt to do sth 企图做某事 10. get close to 靠近; 接近 11. experience life 体验生活 experience C.n 经历 U.n.经验 12. take exercise 进行锻炼 have sports; do sport 操 U.n 锻炼 13. go for a hike = go hiking 去徒步旅行 14. watch out (for...) 留神; 提防 15. protect… from/against … 保护…免受… 16. be careful (not) to do sth 小心(不)做某事 意 be careful with 小心; think of 想到, 想起 think over 仔细考虑 think out 想出 17. as with ....也一样 as to / for 至于;关于 18. think about 考虑 19. go rafting 去漂流 20. unless = if not 除非...否 则... You should not go rafting unless you know how to swim.(条件) You must not get off the bus until it has stopped.(时间) 区分:until be careful about 注 exercise C.n 练习题 (pl) 体

How are you getting to the airport? 现在进行时表示的将来 My plane leaves at seven this evening. 一般现在时表示时刻表的将来 21. go on separate holidays 分别去度假 22. in a few days’ time = in a few days =a few days later 几天后 after 和 in 的区 分 23. go off to ; be off to 动身去 leave for; 24. see sb off 给某人送行 meet sb 接某人 25. take a taxi to 乘出租车 go to ...by taxi 26. have a nice / pleasant trip/journey 祝旅途愉快 27. say “Hi” to sb. for me 代我向某人问 好 give my regards to sb remember me to sb. It’s all the same to sb 对某人而言是一 28. The same to you. 我也祝愿你。 对比: It’s the same with... ...也一样 样的。 I have the same pencil bag as yours/ you have. 29. in the past 在过去 in the old days

30. at present 目前; at the present time; nowadays 31. in the future 在未来;将来 in future 以后 32. used to do sth 过去常做某事 be used to do sth 被用来做 be used for (doing) sth be used to sth/doing sth 习惯于 get used to doing 33. combine…with… 把…和…结合起来 (为了共同目的合并) connect...with/to... 把...和...连接起来 (通过媒介物连接) link...with/to join...to... (直接连接) 34. on (the) one hand… , on the other hand … 一方面…, 另一方面.. 35. so that = in order that 为了…; 以便… 36. learn about 了解; 学习有关…知识 37. as well as =and 也; 又;以及 as well = too 38. by doing sth... 通过作某事 by means of doing 39. make money 挣钱; 赚钱 earn money 40. the four of you 你们四个人 为某事做好准备 be well prepared (for); 为...做好了充分的准备 =be ready for make preparations for 为...做准备 42. make notes 做笔记 take notes 43. take off (飞机)起飞;脱掉(衣帽鞋) 44. go on holiday 去度假 go to (a place) for a holiday 45. fill…with… 给…充满… be filled with; be full of 充满了 46. the way (in which/that) + 定语从 句 the/a way of doing sth = the/a way to do sth 做某事的方法 47. catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上;不落后 48. reach out (for sth) 伸手去(拿,碰) 49. pay attention to 注意 focus one’s attention on call /draw/attract one’ give in (to sb) 屈服 s attention to 吸引某人的注意力于 50. give away 赠送, 放弃, 泄漏(机密) give up 放弃 51. come up with 提出;想到(主意) Unit 4 1. talk about 谈论; 议论 talk with sb; talk of 提到 2. host the 2008 Olympic Games 举办 2008 年奥运会 3. take place = come about; happen 发生 4. be caught in (a rain; a traffic jam; the earthquake) 偶然遇上(雨,交通堵塞,地震 等) 5. create a dialogue = make up a dialogue 编对话 6. play tennis 打网球 7. for fun = as a joke 开玩笑的;不是认真的;为了取乐的 8. I hope so. I hope not. 9. shout /call for help 呼救 10. go on (a) holiday 去度假 go to...for a holiday on holiday 在度假 11. on fire 着火 catch fire 着火;set fire to=set...on fire 纵火 make fire 生火 give out 分发;发出(光,热,气,味等)give off 发出(光,热,气,味等) four of you 你们其中的四个人 prepare sb for sth 使某人 41. prepare ( sth) for... 为…做准备... get ready for

12. I'm afraid of +n. 害怕 I'm afraid that... 担心 I'm afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事 I'm afraid not. 恐怕不会。 13. a natural disaster 自然灾害 14. hear/see sb. doing sth 听见/看见某人正在做某事 hear/ see sb do sth 听见/看见某 人做过某事 (五看二听一感觉) 15. look around 环顾; 四处看 16. advance towards 朝…前进 17. before +从句 还没来得及... 18. be upon 逼近; 临近 19. sweep sb down 把...冲到了 20. drag 拖拉(重物);(比较艰难缓慢,有阻力)drag oneself along 拖着沉重的步子走 pull 拉;扯 (应用范围比较广) 牙 pull the door open 拉开门 pull at 拉扯 pull up 拉起来;拉上来 draw 拉 (比较从容、 平稳不费力) draw one’ attention 吸引注意; s draw a conclusion 得 出结论 draw back 后退 draw money from bank 从银行取钱 22. hold on to 抓住 23. pull up 拉起来; 拉上来 24. against the wall 倚着墙 25. fight for 为…而战 struggle for 为…而斗争 26. look into 往…里面看; 浏览; 调查 look into one’s eyes 注视着某人 stare at; fix one’s eyes on; look sb in the mirror 照镜子 look sb up and down 上下打量某人 look sb in the eye(s)/face 直视某人 27. with a look of fright 害怕的; 恐惧的 28. around the corner 即将来临,on its way; draw near; in store 29. cut down 砍倒;削减 cut up 切碎 cut off 切断 cut in 插嘴;加塞 cut out 删除;剪下来 cut away 剪掉 30. three meters deep 三米深 three metres in depth a three-meter-deep hole = a hole of three meters deep 31. sweep away (风) 吹走; (浪) 卷走;sweep down 吹倒; 席卷; 冲倒 32. work out 计算出;想出(办法);制定(计划); work at 从事;致力于 work on 继续 工作;从事于 33. refer to 指的是; 谈到;提到;查阅 34. strike,普通用词,“打一下;打几下”,不一定有意;“敲钟”。 hit,“击中,打,对 准”,着重敲打或打击对方的某一点 beat,连续的打击; 如殴打或体罚等;游戏竞赛战争中 击败 knock 敲;打 ;撞击 35. advance the deadline 提前最后期限; 36. pull at/on 拉一下 37. seize an opportunity/chance 抓住机会 = grasp/take/grab... draw near 就要来临;逼近 21. get on one’s feet (艰难的)站起来 get up; stand up pull a tooth 拔 I'm afraid to do sth 不敢做某事 I’m afraid so. 恐怕是这样

chance 可能性 U.n. & C.n There is a chance/no chance of sb doing sth The chances/Chances are that... 可能... by chance 偶然 38. (区分:pay; cost; spend; take) sb pay money for sth sth cost sb money sb spend money on sth; sb spend time/money in doing sth It takes sb time to do sth 39. in town 在城里 in the country(side) 在乡下 go to town 进 城 go to the country(side) 下乡 40. take a photo of sb / sb doing sth 给…照相 41. in a second = in a very shore time 42. a two-day trip 一次两天的旅行 43. the next morning 第二天早上 44. on the morning of April 18th, 1906 45. as a result of 由于…的结果 as a consequence of 46. A +动词/be + ten times larger than+B 比…大十倍 A +动词/be +ten times as large as+B 是…的十倍 A +动词/be +ten times the size of+B 是…的十倍 (number/amount/height/length/depth/width/age) Unit 5 重要词组和习惯用法 1. while still a student = while she was still a student 还是个学生的时候(状语从句 的省略现象) (you) Don’t talk while (you are) eating. When (he was) asked how he gained first place, he suddenly became cheerful. The boys will go out to play football whenever (it is) possible. I won’t go to his birthday party unless (I am) invited. 2. play/act a role 扮演角色 中起作用 3. after graduating/graduation (from...) 毕业以后 4. work as an actress 做演员 5. during/in the 1980s 二十世纪八十年代 6. win a prize 获奖 win a game/a battle/honour 人 win sb. 把某人争取过来 7. get married (to sb); 结婚(瞬间)=marry sb. 7. in the beginning = at first 开始的时候 in the end = at last; finally; eventually 最后 8. make money 赚钱 earn money 9. make a film /blockbuster/follow-ups 拍电影/巨片/续集 10. The reason……is that….. 原因是… the reason for +n./doing sth reason 与 cause 的区别 This is because... 这是因为... for this reason ; for some reason; for some reasons; for reaons of the reason why/ for which... 定语从句 cause of the fire/accident be married (to sb) 结婚(延续) 反义; beat/defeat sb 打败某 play the role of... play a part/role in... 在...

11. work on 从事于; 制作 12. take off 起飞;脱掉;很快上升; 开始流行/畅销 13. by the sea 在海边; by sea 乘船; in the sea 在海里 on the sea 在海面上 at sea 在海上;航海中;茫然 14. be afraid to do sth 不敢作某事 be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某 事 be afraid that 担心;恐怕 15. come from outer space 来自外部空间 16. cut/tear…into pieces 把…切/撕成碎片 cut/tear ... into halves 把...切/撕成两 半 17. do research (in/into...) 搞研究 18. go wrong 出错;出故障;走错道 do a little wrong 19. in the end 最后; 终于 at the end of 在…末尾/尽头 by the end of 到…末为止(同完 成时态连用) 19. meat-eating dinosaurs 食肉恐龙 20. owe sth to sb. = owe sb sth 把…归功于;感谢;欠(债) 21. can’t help doing sth 情不自禁, 忍不住做某事 can’t help do sth 不能帮忙做某事 22. pass the exam 考试及格 fail (in) the exam 考试不及格 23. a thirteen-year-old girl 十三岁小姑 娘 a girl of thirteen (years old); a girl of thirteen years of age; a girl aged thirteen 24. stay/be away for a month 离开一个月 25. take one’s place; take the place of 代替 26. lock …up 把…锁起来 27. run after 追赶; 追求; 追捕 be after 28. escape (from)... 从...逃离 escape from / flee (from) /run away from a country escape doing sth ;escape being caught 没有被抓 住 catch sb doing sth; be caught doing sth 29. run away from school 逃学 skip classes 30. determine to do sth;make up one’s mind;decide / 决心做某事 31. go to town 进城 in town 在城里 播 go off the air 停止广播 in the air 在空中; (消息等)在传播, 悬而未决的 by air = by plane 33. live adj 活的(动物); 现场直播的; adv. 以实况的 living adj 活着的; 有生命的;现行的(前置定语;表语)alive adj 活着的, ( 后置 定语; 表语) a living language 现行的语言 人 a live fish 活鱼 the greatest living poet 当代最伟大的诗 the live gala on New Year’s Eve 直播的新年除夕晚 go to the country in the country go on the air 开始广 32. on the air 正在广播; 播送 =be broadcast be determined to do sth 决意

会 the only man alive 唯一还活着的人 34. all the other pupils 所有其他学生 35. together with 和…一起 36. in one’s own words 用自己的话 in other words 换句话说 37. make comments on / make a comment on 对…发表评论

38. give one’s opinions about 对…发表意见 39. think highly/well of =speak highly of 40. encourage sb to do sth 39. lead to + n. 通往;导致 result in; cause sb to do sth lead sb to do sth 导致某人作某事 lead to sb doing sth lead sb (in) doing sth; 带领某人做 40. make/earn a living 谋生 41. at a high /low price 以高/低价 42. make a decision 做出决定 43. accept one’s apology 接受某人的道 歉 apologize to sb; make an apology to sb. 向某人道歉 speed up 加 44. break down 出故障; 坏了;分解 break up 拆散 45. at full / high speed 高速 at a speed of 100 miles per hour 速 speed by 飞驰而过 46. the World Cup Final 世界杯决赛 47. think highly/well of 对…高度评价 speak highly of 48. observe / obey the law 遵守法律 break the law 49. give sb a second look 再看某人一眼 50. make a fool of sb 愚弄某人 = fool sb. 51. turn out 结果…… Despite our worries everything turned out well. 原来是,证明是,结果是 It turned out that…, turn out to be, 52. depend on/upon=rely on 依靠, 依赖 53. stand by sb 支持某人 support sb /take sb’s side 54. meet with 遇见 55. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人干某事 56. lead the life of a real princess 过上真正的公主生活 57. make one’s career 在事业上有所成就 58. be clear about 对…清楚 59. combine ….with…把…和…结合起来 60. compare…with…把…和…比较 作... compared to/with 与...相比 Compared to men, fewer women smoke in China. Unit 6 重要词组和习惯用法 1. apologize to sb. for sth/doing sth 因…向…道歉 make an apology to sb. for sth/ doing sth 2. mean + n./doing sth 意思是;意味着 mean +n. /to do sth/ that-clause 打算;意欲;有…的意图 mean sb to do sth. 打算(使/让)某人作某事 He meant no harm to you. / He meant you no harm. He means his son to become a doctor. Table Manners At A Dinner Party 3. for the first time “第一次” (作状语) the first time “第一次”(相当于连词引导时间状语从句) This is the first time that…. “这是第…次作某事了” (从句中用完成时) compare...to... 把...比 lead sb + 介词短语

On that day the scientist took us to the lab for the first time. The first time we met, she wore a pair of glasses. This is the first time that I have been here. 4. make / leave / create a good impression (on sb)留下好印象 impress on sb 5. be impressed by/with 对...留下印象 6. drink a toast 祝酒 drink to+n. 为...干杯 7. start with = begin with 以…开始 end up with 以…结束 end in failure 8. keep silent 保持沉默 9. for a moment(一会儿); in a moment 过一会儿) at the moment 此时) after a moment ( ; ( ; (过了一会儿) for the moment(暂时); at any moment(随时) 10. at the table 在桌前 at table 在吃 饭 in the hospital / in hospital in the prison / in prison /go to the prison /g go to o to prison in the church / in church / go to the church / go to church

the school / go to school 11. will 作情态动词,表意愿,决心,可用于 if 条件句中 You’d better not drink too much if you drive home after the party. He will come to see you if he has time. If you will turn down the TV. There is really too much noise. If you will read the book, I can lend it to you. 11. all the time 一直 12. drink to sb’s health / drink to sb. 13. raise one’s glass 举杯 14. take a sip 呡一小口 15. change over time 经过一段时间 16. follow the fashion of the day 跟随时尚 17. lay the table 摆桌子 18. serve the dishes 上菜 serve the people 为人民服务 serve in the army 服役 This restaurant serves Chinese food. (供应) 19. mix…with 把…和…混合 be mixed with 20. extra information 额外信息 21. leave out 省略 22. wish you all the best = best wishes for you. 23. look forward to +n./doing 盼望;期盼… 24. stare at 盯着看 25. pay the bill 买单;付帐单 27. It is certain that… 肯定… It is uncertain whether/when, etc…. Sb +be sure/certain to do sth 一定会做某事 Sb +be sure/certain about/of... 对...有把握 Sb +be sure/certain that... 相信... Sb +be not sure/certain whether/what... 28. fairy tales 童话 29. belong to 属于 (不用被动、进行时) May I have the bill, please? 26. behave oneself 注意自己的言行举止 behavior

30. direct the traffic 指挥交通 31. produce / make /generate electricity 发电 32. hang (hanged/hanged) oneself vt. 上吊;绞死 33. The Hope Project 希望工程 34. communicate with 与…交流 35. shake hands with sb 和…握手 36. look right into sb's eyes/face 直视着 37. blow one's nose 擤鼻涕 38. in public 在公共场所 make ...public ; the public 39. think…to be… 认为…是…think of...as 40. at home and abroad 在国内外 41. give sb. some advice on sth / doing sth/how to do sth 给某人提建议 take/follow sb's advice 听某人的劝告 42. lead sb to do sth 导致某人做某事 lead to sb doing sth 43. pay a visit to sb/a place 拜访,参 观 call on sb / call at a place drop in (on sb) / (at a place) play a joke on sb ; have a joke about tell jokes 讲笑话 44. make jokes about 拿…开玩笑; 讲笑话 make fun of 取笑 laugh at 嘲笑;讥笑 Unit 7 重要词组和习惯用法 1. cultural relics/sites 文化古迹 2. in one's opinion 以某人的意见 3. Where there is a river, there is a city. 4. on the bank of a river 在河岸/畔 5. during/in one's lifetime; in all one's life; 生中 6. look like something out of a fairy tale 像是从童话种走出来的一样 7. in history 在历史上 8. under attack/fire 被攻击 (under=in the process of) under arrest; under discussion; under construction; under consideration; under c ontrol; under examination; under investigation; under observation; under repairs ; 9. give in (to sb) 让步,屈服 give up 放弃 用尽 give off 散发(光;热;气) give away 抛弃;捐赠 10. in ruins 废墟 bring…to ruin 使…变成废墟 =ruin sth come/go to ruin=fall into ruin 变成废墟 11. lie in pieces on the ground 成为碎片撒了一地 12. We will do everything/all/what we can to save our city. 13. It seems (to me) that…; eems/seemed to... 14. bring…back to life 使…复苏, 使…苏醒 16. including sth. / sth. included 包括…在内 come back to life 复苏; 苏醒 15. with the help of = with sb's help 在…的帮助下 It seems as if …; There seems to be… S. + s give over 转交,移交=hand over give out 发放; 发出(光;热;气等); throughout one's life 在某人的一 hang-hung-hung 悬挂;vi. & vt.

have a joke with sb ; joke with sb 和...开玩笑

区分:include 和 contain This album contains 30 maps, including three of China. come easy/right/loose 17. look out over the city 俯视这个城市 18. come true 实现 (realize one’s dream) Russia. 形容词做伴随性状语: Cruso returned home, full of fear. d with a smile on his face. 21. change one's mind 改变主意 22. in men's table tennis singles / doubles event 在男子乒乓球单打双打比赛中 23. pull down 推倒;拆 24. send up 发射 send for; send out; 25. set up 成立; 建立;found; put up; build 26. turn/change…into… 把…变成 27. keep the same look 保持原貌 28. so far = up till now 到目前为止 29. make + 宾语+宾语补足语 使的… + n. + adj. + done ard 30. provide / supply sth for sb = provide sb with sth. 给…提 供 offer sb sth = offer sth to sb 31. be careful with 对…小心/认真 32. have much /little/nothing in common 有很多/几乎没有/没有共同之处 33. be made up of 由…组成 consist of 34. settle down 定居 settle a problem 35. keep in touch with 与…保持联系 keep track of be out of touch with 与…失去联系 37. put up a notice 张贴布告 38. the State Council 国务院 39. for several reasons 由于一些原因 40. all through the year = all the year round 一年四季 throughout the year 41. rise by 63 meters 上升了 63 米 by 表示“相差程度” 42. as a result /consequence of 由于…的结果 43. date from = date back to 追溯于; 始建于 This temple dates from the Song Dynasty. The temple, dating back to the Song Dynasty, will be pull down. 44. in danger 处于危险中; out of danger 脱离危险 45. be carved in rock 被刻在岩石上 46. make a plan for 为…制订计划 47. stone by stone 一块石头一块石头地 48. in all = in total =altogether 总共 one by one 36. bring down/up the price 降价/提价 v.t get in touch with 与…取得联系 lose touch with 与…失去联系 go down /up v.i make + 宾语+ do sth =sb be made to do sth make one's voice heard ; make oneself known/understood/he The policeman put down the telephone, satisfie I went to bed, hungry. 19. Strong, proud and united, the people of St Petersburg are the modern heroes of

20. over a period of 150 years 经过 150 年

49. be marked with 被标上…记号 50. Three Gorges Dam 三峡大坝 51. The Temple of Heaven 天坛 Unit 8 重要词组和习惯用法 1. the Olympic Games 奥运会 2. stand for 代表;容忍;支持/拥护;为...候选人 区分:represent 和 stand for 3. the Olympic Torch Relay 奥运火炬接力 4. the host city 主办城市 5. be worth + n. 值… sth.+ be worth doing …值得做 be worthy of + n. be worthy of being done be worthy to be done It is worth while to do sth / doing sth 6. score 20 points 得 20 分 (v.) a score of people 20 人 two score of people 40 人 three score and ten of people 70 人 scores of people 许多人 注意:a dozen eggs 十二个鸡蛋 two dozen eggs a dozen of these eggs 一打这种鸡蛋 dozens of eggs 许多鸡蛋 7. every four years 每四年;每隔三年 every other year 每隔一年 every fourth year 每第四年 every few years 每隔几年

8. take part in = join in = participate in 参加 attend 出席 join sb (in doing sth) 和某人一起做某事 9. compete in 参加(竞赛) compete against/with 与…相对抗 compete for 为…而竞争 10. allow /permit/forbid sb to do sth 允许/禁止某人做某事 allow/permit/forbid doing sth 允许/禁止做某事 Nothing is permitted; everything is allowed. 一切都不(明文)准许;但也不(明文) 禁止。 11. in modern times 在现代 in ancient times 在古代 12. do /try one's best to do sth 尽力做某事 13. rank third/high/low 位居第三/排名高 (低) She ranks first in English study in our class. people of all ranks 各个阶层的人 14. host the Olympic games 主办奥运会 15. light the torch 点燃火炬 (lit—lit; lighted—lighted) He lit a candle and the lighted candle lit up the room. 16. in preparation for 为…做准备 备 =affect prepare for 为…做准 make preparations for 为...作准备 have influence on=influence

17. have a good / bad effect on …对…有好/坏影响 18. tens of thousands of 成千上万 19. pay …( to sb) for sth 付钱给…买…

20. at the opening /closing (ceremony) of 在…开/闭幕式上 21. by hand 手工 with one’s hands 22. spend…on sth 在…花费(钱;时间) spend….(in) doing sth 花 (钱;时间) 做某事 spend (time) +a place 在某地度过(一段时间) 23. more than = not only 不仅 More than fifty people attended the conference. He dressed more than simply. 他穿着极为朴素。 We were more than pleased to hear of her coming. He is more than a teacher to me. She more than smiled, but laughed. (岂止是微笑,简直是大笑) He is more brave than wise. (有勇无谋) more than 不仅 no more than = only 仅仅 Yao Ming has more than just size; he also has great skill and speed and he is a team player. (不仅) He has no more than handsome look; he is neither wise nor polite. (仅仅) not more than = less than 不超过;至多 no more than = only 仅仅 There is no more than ten yuan in my pocket. (只有) There is not more than ten yuan in my pocket. (不到) He is no taller/no more careful than me. (并不比...更) He is not taller/more careful than me. (不如) 24. live one's dream =try to realize one's dream 努力实现梦想 25. set /give a good example to sb 为…树立好榜样 copy / follow the example of 学习/效仿...的榜样 26. the International Olympic Committee 国际奥委会 27. the spirit of the Olympic Games 奥林匹克精神 28. care about 关心 29. take up 占去(空间); 开始从事;拿起; 30. put on weight = gain weight 体重增加 lose weight 减肥 31. as follows 如下 32. even if 即使 33. hear about/of 听说 hear from sb 收到某人来信 hear that... 听说 34. I wish +从句 (虚拟语气;时态倒退一步) I wish I were twenty years younger. I wish I could make as much money as Michael Jordan. I wish I had seen my favourite movie star the other day. 35. deal with 对付;应付;处理;涉及;做生意 How did you deal with the rubbish? What did you do with the rubbish? 36. shoot the ball into the other team's goal 把球踢入对方球门 Unit 9 重要词组和习惯用法 1.be used for 被用于… be used as 被用作… 2. It depends. 要看情况而定。

3. live life on the go 过着忙碌的生活 4. on the go 忙忙碌碌的; 四处奔走 5. make it possible for sb to do sth 使得某人做某事成为可能 6. throughout the world 遍及世界 7. more than 不仅, 多于; no more than 仅仅; 只不过 not more than 少于, 不足 8. add to 增添;增加 add…to… 给…增加… add up 加起来 add up to 加起来总共是 9. remind sb of/about sth 提醒某人某事 remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事 remind sb of doing sth 提醒某人已做过某事 remind that... 10. have an appointment with sb. 和…有预约 keep /break one's appointment 守约/违约 make an appointment with sb. 和…约定 by appointment 按约定 11. obey /break the rules 遵守/违反规定 12. agree (not) to do sth agree that sb can/will do sth agree with; agree to; agree on 13. dare not do = don't dare to do 不敢作…(同 need) 14. take sth/sb away from… 把….从….带/拿走 14. stay/keep in touch with sb.; /keep track of be in touch with 与…保持联系 get in touch with 与…取得联系 lose touch with 与…失去联系 be out of touch with 15. call for help 求救 16. in case (of an emergency) 万一; 以免 in case +从句 万一 17. do whatever he wants to do 想干什么就干什么 whatever 和 no matter what 区分 18. according to 根据 19. the negative/positive effect of ….的负面/正面影响 20. take over 接管 21. (in) the way that/in which… …的方法 The few surviving human beings are being used (in) the way (that) we use machines t oday. 22. break down 出故障 23. dream of/ about 梦见;梦想 24. fail to do sth; fail in doing sth 没能做到… succeed in doing sth 成功的做某事 be successful in doing sth

25. force sb to do sth 强迫某人做某事 oblige sb to do sth by force 靠武力 26. come up with 想到; 提出 27. take steps /measures/action to do sth 采取措施 28. look up the words in the dictionary 在字典上查单词 29. go for a job interview 去面试找工作 30. unite as one 团结一致 31. hand in one's homework 交作业 32. suffer a serious defeat 遭惨败 33. be based on 以…为基础 34. take …apart 把…分解 =separate put…together 35. on the way 在路上 on one’s way to 在去...的路上 in the way 妨碍;挡道 in a way 在某种程度上 by the way 顺便问一下 (in)this/that way 这样 in the same way 用同样的方法 in different ways 用不同的方法 in no way 决不;一点也不 the way to do/of doing sth 做...的方法 the way (that/in which)定语从句 make one’s way to 朝...走去 all the way 一路上;从头至尾 by way of 经由;通过...的方法 way of life 生活方式 36. so far 到目前为止 37. We are still a long way from being able to do sth. =It will take us a long time to be able to do sth. 38. It is possible (for sb) to do sth It is likely/possible/probable that... Sb is likely to do sth. 39. The more we know, the more we can imagine. 越..., 就越.... The more you listen to English, the easier it will become. The longer you live in this place, the less you will like it. Unit 10 重要词组和习惯用法 1. There be… left 有…剩下 2. hunt animals for food 为得到…而捕猎… 3. know of/about 对…了解 4. in danger 处于危险中 out of danger 脱离危险 in danger of 面临...的危险 endanger vt. 使...濒危;危害 5. die out 灭绝; 消 失 die away ; die off; die of; die from; die down be dying for 渴望;很想 6. It follows that… 由此得出…; 可见… endangered animals 濒危动物 become endangered hunt for 搜寻 hunt animals 狩猎

People get sick because of air pollution. It follows that we must do something a bout it. 人们生病是因为空气污染。可见我们必须采取行动了。 7. lead to 导致 8. take turns to do sth/ doing sth 轮流做某事 9. act as 扮演 play a role of 10. an environmental expert 一位环境专家 11. keep/stop/prevent sb from doing sth 阻止…做… 做... keep (on) doing sth 坚持做某事 protect...from/against 保护...免受... 12. we don't do as we say. 我们言行不一。 13. ( take sb ) on a tour of... (带某人)游览... 14. have a bright future 用有一个灿烂的未来 15. harm sb/ do harm to sb/ do sb harm/ be harmful to sb =be bad for do good to sb/do sb good/ be good for/ 好处/益 16. take measures/steps/action 采取措施 17. be used to sth/ doing sth 习惯于… 18. adapt to (改变以)适应 adapt oneself to 使自己适应于 19. become endangered 频临危险 20. the original species 原有的物种 species (单复数相同) 21. first of all 首先 at first; above all 22. make a big difference 大改观;影响大 23.If we know more about what causes endangerment, we may be able to take measures before it is too late. 如果我们能更多地了解致使生物濒危的原因,就能及时采取补救措 施。 They are thinking of buying the house before the prices go up. 他们正在考虑趁房价未 涨时把房子买下来。 If you don’ t like the present job, I suggest you look for another one before it is too late. 如果你不喜欢目前的工作,我建议你趁早另谋出路。 He hung up before I could say a word. 我还没说一句话,他就挂了电话。 24. devote oneself to sth/doing sth 致力于… be devoted to sth/doing sth 投身于 a devoted friend / wife 25. at present 目前 at the present time be present at 出席 26. explain sth to sb 向某人解释…=explain to sb sth 27. set…free 释放 =free 28. in the wild 处于野生状态 29. be careful with 细心;认真 be careful of/about 注意;留意 30. throw away 扔掉;throw about 四处乱扔 adjust to (调整以)适应 benefit sb./be of benefit to 对...有 伤害某人;对...有害 keep sb doing sth 使...一直 do sth in turn/by turns

31. care about 关心 care for 喜欢; 32. go on a tour to 去…观光/游览 33. a large amount of (money) 许多(钱) 34. (translate) word for word 逐字地 answer point for point 逐点答复 对比:one by one; little by little 35. up to (1)正在做;从事于(2)大约; 多达 (3)理应;视为...的职责 What’s he up to? 他在干什么? (常用作贬义) I guess the fellow is up to no good. 我猜这个家伙要图谋不轨。 The little boy can count up to twenty. 这小孩能从一数到二十。 The students are allowed up to two hours to finish the test. 学生们有长达两小时的时 间来完成试题。 It’s up to you to decide what to do next. 由你来决定我们下一步做什么。 The success of this project is up to us. 这个项目的成败取决于我们. 36. become extinct = die out 37. keep…as a pet 把…当宠物养 38.common adj. 常见的; 共同的; 普遍的(侧重指共性;强调“非特殊性,非优秀性” 或 " 不足为奇的" usual adj 通常的;寻常的;惯常的 (多指”习惯性的,遵循常规的,一贯如此的" 强调时间 角度。 ordinary 通常的;普通的, 也指普遍的,但不是因为大家所共有而普遍常见, 而是因为符合 事物的正常法则及一般规律而十分普遍; 也可带贬义,指低于一般标准的事物或人。 popular 普及的;通俗的, 指为广大群众所接受或深受喜爱的 general 一般的;普通的; 指属于大部分人或大部分事物的属性, 因此是一般的,普通的,可 能也包括了一些极少数的例外。 39. no longer; no more Unit 11 重要词组和习惯用法 1. a piece of music 一支曲子 2. Can you help me to decide what to buy? 3. What do you have in mind? 你有什么主意? 4. dance to (a song/music) 伴着(歌曲/音乐)跳舞 5. What can/do you suggest? suggest sth suggest (sb) doing sth suggest that... suggest +虚拟语气 (建议) insist +虚拟 (坚决要求) suggest + 陈述语气 (表示) insist +陈述 (坚决认为) 6. Have you considered doing...? 你考虑过...吗? consider...(as/to be)... 认为...是... consider sb to have done sth 认为...做过某事 7. a musical instrument 乐器

8. musical styles 音乐风格 in style 流行的 out of style 过时的 9. have much/nothing in common with 和…有许多/没有相同之处 10. along with 和…一起 11. a variety of 各种各样的 varieties of = various 12. pick out 挑出 choose; select pick up; pick on; pick 13. The style is the man. 文如其人 14. the key to the classroom 教室的钥匙 口 15. give/put on a performance 表演/上演节目 16. golden pen 金笔 gold necklace 金项链 17. a two-room house 一个两室的房子 a four-storey building = a building of four storeys/stories 18. make a record 录制唱片 set a record 创纪录 19. turn into 变成; 译成 turn...into; turn to 20. become more and more similar 变得越来越相似 21. make music one's career 把音乐当事业 22. on the other hand 另一方面 23. satisfy sb. 使得某人满意 be satisfied with 对…感到满意 satisfactory = satisfying; satisfaction be pleased with; be content with record a song 录一首歌 the answer to the question 问题的答案 the solution to the problem 问题的解决办法 the entrance to the station 车站的入

24. satisfy one's inner desire 满足某人的内心欲望 25. make people feel easy 让人们感觉轻松/悠闲 26. forget about 忘记了 27. have a hit 风靡一时 28. over the past twenty years 经过了过去的 20 年 29.be common for 对...很普通的 30. think…to be…. 认为…是 31. turn to 转向; 求助于;翻到 igh praise for 对…评价很高 33. make fun of 取笑; 拿某人取乐 34. bring in 带来(收入); 引进(技术) 35. on their travels 在旅行时 36. in the open air 在户外 37. for free 免费 a free meal He is free with his money. All these books are given away (for) free/free of charge. The old woman has never been free from pain. You are free to do anything you like, within the law. Unit 12 重要词组和习惯用法 1. match…with… 把….和….相配 2. action film 动作片 3. romantic comedy 浪漫喜剧 4. shootings and fights 枪战 turn writer 成为作家 turn 20 过了 20 岁 32. think well of (be well thought of) =think highly of =speak highly of = sing h

5. at the art festival 在艺术节上/期间 6. magical power 魔力 7. magic tricks 魔术技巧 8. welcome to + n. 欢迎到…. Welcome home! give sb a warm welcome 热烈欢迎 9. a world of magic and wonders 充满魔力和神奇的世界 10. a series of 一系列的 11. seem like =look like 看起来像 12. treat sb to sth 请某人(吃…) treat sb badly 虐待 treat ...as/like... 13. in trouble 在困境中 get into trouble 陷入困境 ask for trouble 自找麻烦 make trouble 捣 乱 put sb to trouble 给人添麻烦 take trouble to do sth 不辞辛苦的做某事 14. do the right thing 做得对 15. come across (1) be understood: He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not come across. (2) make an impression: She came across well/badly in interviews. He came across as a sympathetic pe rson. (3) meet or find sb/sth by chance = run into I came across some old photos in a drawer. 16. fight against 与…作斗争/打架/打仗 fight n. fight with; fight for 17. believe 和 believe in believe in 信仰 (真理;宗教;原则) 信任= trust in;trust;have trust in 信 赖=rely on I believe him, but I don’t believe in/trust (in) him. 我相信他所说的话,但我不信任他/相 信他的人格/能力。 Do you believe in God? believe 和 trust believe sb/what sb said 相信某人(所说 的话) believe ...to be... 认为...是... believe...to have done 认为/相信...做过某事 believe that... 相信;认为 trust that... I believe/trust that you will join us. (trust 比 believe 语气强) I believe him to be an honest man. =I believe that he is an honest man. I believe him to have passed the exam. =I believe that he has passed the exam. I can’t trust that boy out of my sight. 我一看不见那个孩子就不放心。 18. grow up to be... 长大后成为... 19. share the same goal 有着共同目标 20.be strong in heart and mind 意志坚强,头脑聪明 21. whisper sth to sb 小声/悄悄给某人说 whisper sth in one's ear 咬耳朵 in a whisper 小声地 22. as if 好像 23. not all = all not 并不都 not every = every...not 并非每个...都 not both=both not 并非两个 都... ; ...not all of them were safe.=...all of them were not safe. Not both of the students are good at English. =Both of the students are not good at English. 完全否定:None of the rooms are safe. Neither of the students is good at English. 24. if only 要是…就好了 If only my mother were here with me. 25. be about to do sth when… 正要…这时… 26. turn around 转身 27. walk/run up to; go/come up to 上前去 28. go past 从...的旁边过去 29. play a trick on sb. 给某人恶作剧 30. apologize to sb for sth 向某人道歉 make an apology to sb. 31.(1) 摆脱…的习惯 get out of the habit (of doing sth) ; get rid of the habit of ; break off the habit of (2) 养成…的习惯 get/fall into the habit (of doing sth) form the/a habit (of doing sth) (3) 有…的习惯 have the/a habit of ;be in the /a habit of

32. TV series 电视连续剧 33. primary school 小学 elementary school 34. Attention, please, I have an announcement to make. 请大家注意,我要宣布一个通 知。 May I have your attention, please? 请大家注意啦! 35. run after 追赶;追求;追捕 36. be similar to 与…相似 the same as 和...一样 37. in other words 换句话说 in one's own words 38. just like us doing what we do 就像我们做我们的事 =just as we do what we do 39. come (back) to life 苏醒;复苏;恢复生机 bring sb (back) to life 使...苏醒;使...恢复生机 40. in a way 在某种程度上 41. lose oneself in = be lost in 沉浸于; 沉醉于 Lost in thought, he almost knocked into a tree. 42. be eager/anxious to do sth 迫切地/渴望要做某事 be eager for/about/after 渴望得 到 be anxious about 为...担忧;焦虑 long for 渴望得到 be dying for 渴望得到 Unit 13&14 重要词组和习惯用法 Unit 13 1. make choices about/make a choice about 做出选择 2. traditional diets 传统饮食 3. keep up with the high pace of modern life 跟上现代生活的快节奏 4. be good for /do good to 对…有好处 5. be harmful to/do harm to/do sb. harm 对….有害 6. help build our body 有助于构成我们的躯体 7. keep our body functioning well 使身体功能运转很好 8. choose …from/between/among 从…挑选出来 9. go for 可以适用于 10. in the right amounts 以合适的数量 11. weigh sth 称某物 weigh 13 tons 重 13 吨 12. be high/rich in 在…方面充足/含量高 13. be short of/be low in 在….方面缺乏/贫乏(含量低) 14. make sure 确信 make certain 15. fight disease 抵御疾病 16. go /be on a diet 节食 17. lose weight 减肥 gain/put on weight 体重增加 18. keep a balanced diet 保持平衡饮食 19. not only/just 不仅仅 20. roll up 卷起来 21. be careful with 对…小心 22. in the future 将来 in future 以后 23. (a little) now and (a little) then 不时, 时而 = sometimes = at times 24. advise sb (not) to do sth 建议(不)某人做某事 25. base…on…/be based on 基于 26. I have a pain here. 我这里疼 27. give advice on 就……提(意见)建议 28. make suggestions 提建议 29. make a list of 列出一张……单子

30. have a fever 发烧 31. make up 编(拟定);创设 32. all the time 一直 33. be all right 正常;康复 34. lie down 躺下 35. plenty of 大量的 36. a bar of chocolate 一块巧克力糖 37. junk food 垃圾食物 38. ought to 应该 39. keep up with 赶上 40. no longer 不再 41. offer advice about 在……方面提供建议 42. keep fit 保持健康 43. in life 一生中 44. become part of 成为……的部分 45. cut…into pieces 把……切成一片片 Unit 14 1. dress up 盛装、打扮 2. get together 聚会 3. have…(much, something, nothing, etc.)in common(很多,一些,没有)共同点 4. used to 过去常常 would do 过去常常做某事(习惯性动作) 5. believe in 信任 6. enjoy the spirit of the holidays 享受节日氛围 7. commercial activities 商业活动 9. make a decision=decide 作决定 10. as well as 也。。。 11. in fact 事实上 as a matter of fact, actually 12. keep…alive 保持生机 13. compare…with… 与……做比较 14. give away 分发 15. play a trick on 耍伎俩 16. get off 下车 17. take off 起飞;脱(衣服) 18. care about 关心 19. the cycle of life 生命的轮回 20. take in 欺骗 21. send…away 分发 22. give thanks to 对。。。感恩 23. take place 代替 24. make others happy 使他人幸福快乐 25. learn about 了解 26. spend on 在……方面花费 27. so that 以便 28. speak for 为……说话

29. the spirit of ……的精神 30. by giving away 以放弃……的方式 31. have got to 必须 32. instead of 替代 33. get out of the car 下车 34. take off one's hat 摘下礼帽 35. look into the eyes 直视(某人的)眼睛 36. shake hands with sb. 与某人握手 37. a seven-day festival 一个七天的节日 38. as…as one can 尽某人所能 as … as possible 39. allow sb.to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 句型 (1) decide if (which,what,when,where,how) … (2) I think that… (3) What's the matter? (4) It's nothing serious. (5) advise sb.(not) to do sth. (6) It's one's turn to do… Unit 15&16 重要词组和习惯用法 Unit 15 1. fall asleep 入睡;睡着 2. a dark night in April 四月的一个黑夜 3. a scary place 一个恐怖的地方 4. create a short play 编一个短剧 5. on one's way to school 在某人上学的路上 6. something unusual happened 发生了异常的事 7. another normal day 又一个普通的日子 8. walk towards sb. 朝某人走去 9. don't look very well 看上去气色不好 10. look older than one's age 看上去比年龄大 11. ten years of hard work 十年的辛劳 12. only a small cold room to live in 只有寒舍一间 13. for the past ten years 在过去的十年里 14. in a government office 在政府部门 15. accept an invitation 接受邀请 16. after all 毕竟 17. a man with a lot of money 有钱人 18. continue to do sth.=continue doing sth. 继续做某事 19. call on 访问;拜访 20. bring out 取出;拿出 21. a lovely diamond necklace 可爱的钻石项链 22. try it on 试戴 23. look wonderful on sb. 戴在某人身上看上去很美 24. the last moment of happiness 最后的快乐时光

25. look down 低头看 26. rush back to the palace 猛地跑回宫殿 27. without luck 不幸运,不凑巧 28. day and night 日日夜夜 29. pay off 还清 30. write a scene 写一个场景 31. precious stone 钻石 32. take up several jobs 找几份工作 33. wear a new ring 戴新戒指 34. animal products 动物制品 35. play different roles 扮演不同的角色 36. lines written like a dialogue 写得像对话的台词 37. of one's own 某人自己的 38. come up with a very good story 编成很好的故事 39. give it a try 试一试 40. take sb. for a ride 带某人去兜风 41. a thousand years from now 从现在起一千年 42. be scared 害怕 43. do the same with 照……做 44. rehearse a play 排练话剧 45. have a hard time 过的很艰难 46. solve the mystery 揭开迷团 47. earn a lot of money 赚很多钱 48. at most 至多 49. act out 演出,实施 50. would rather (not) do … 宁愿(不)做…… Unit 16 1. each field of science 每一个科学领域 2. a car accident 车祸 3. in one's opinion 在某人看来 4. a waste of money/time 浪费钱/时间 5. in the future 在将来 6. spent money (in) doing sth. 花钱做某事 7. much too expensive 太贵 8. make noise 制造噪音 9. make use of 利用 make best of 10. advantages and disadvantages 利弊 11. be good for 对……有好 be good to=be kind to 12. be bad for 对……有害处 13. be famous for 以……而闻名 be famous as 作为……出名 14. make discoveries 发现 15. all over the world 全世界 16. conduct/do/carry out an experiment 做实验

18. to attract lightning 吸引闪电 19. get/become charged 充电 20. a great deal of 许多 21. add…to… 往…上添加… add to 使增加 add up to 总共,加起来 22. tie … to… 把…绑在… 23. protect…from… 保护……以防…… 24. come on 过来 25. get wet 弄湿 26. take care 小心 27. pull…from… 把……吸引过来 28. stop…(from) doing… 阻止……做某事 prevent…(from) doing, keep…from doing 29. pick out 挑选 30. tear down 拆毁 31. end in a tie 打成平局 32. be made up of 由……组成、构成 consist of 33. at least 至少 34. have…in mind 心里想到…… 35. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 36. test on 在…(身上)做实验 37. a way of doing /to do sth. 做某事的方法 38. work with 对……有效 39. work on 做工作;从事… 40. There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问…… 41. take care of 照顾 42. have no right to do sth. 无权做某事 43. fight for 为……而战 44. the same…as… 和……一样 45. break the laws 犯法 46. be on one's side 支持某人 47. in one's own words 用自己的话说 48. go against 违背 49. fix…to… 把……固定在…… 50. conduct the electricity 导电 50. sense of smell 嗅觉 句型 (1) There is no doubt that… (2) What happened to sb.? (3) I don't think I know you. (4) Could you please do…? (5) It seems like… Unit 17&18 重要词组和习惯用法 Unit 17 Great women 1. become of sb 某人的情况(怎样) 2. get along well (with sb) 相处得好

3. make an impression on sb 给某人留下印象 4. as if 好象;似乎 5. be about to do 正要做某事 6. be around the corner 即将来临 7. put up 搭起; 建起 8. blow away 吹走; 卷走 9. die down 变弱; 平息 10. without warning 毫无预兆 11. drop out 陷下去; 掉落 12. in good health 身体好 in good condition 13. give up 放弃 15. knock over 把某人撞倒 16. be thankful for 感谢…… 17. take up 开始从事 18. be mean with 在…方面吝啬 19. run away 逃跑 20. take shelter 躲避(雨、灾难等) 21. highly value sb/sth 高度重视 22. thousands of 成千上万的 tens of thousandsof 数万的,数以万计的 23. come to terms with 甘心忍受 24. be a good example for 成为某人的好榜样 25. rise to fame 成名,名声大振 26. hold no promise 毫无希望 27. so far 至今 28. in history 在历史中 29. within reach 够的着 30. work on 从事;做…工作 31. come true 成为现实 33. all sorts of 各种各样的 34. no matter what/who/when/where 无论 35. do well in 擅长 36. be interested in 对……感兴趣 37. in high position 地位很高 38. the South Pole 南极 the North Pole 北极 polar bear 北极熊 41. at the opposite end of 在……对面 42. pull one’s sled 拉雪橇 43. fall into 掉入 44. stand on one’s left leg 用左腿独立站好 stand on one’s head 45. solo travel 独自旅行 46. knock sb. over. 把某人撞倒 47. refer to 所指;参考 关于; 提到, 涉及; 查阅 48. the host of a talk show 脱口秀主持人 49. fight for chances 设法寻找机会 50. best of luck to you 祝你好运

51. without a strong plan 没有详细的计划 52. always be the very best 总是做到最好 53. share…with 与……分享 54. struggle to one’s knees/feet 挣扎着跪/站起来 55. on hands and knees 爬着,匍匐着, 伏在地上 56. self rescue 自救 Unit 18 New Zealand 1. explain to sb. sth.=explain sth. to sb. 向某人解释某事 2. explain oneself 说明自己的意思 3. in relation to 与……有关 4. lie off 位于 (相差一段距离) lie to 位于…… lie on 位于 (强调接壤); 位于……的河 畔 7. on your father’s side 父系的,你父亲的血统 9. be made into 被制成(由原料制成) be made from 由….制成(看不出原 料) be made of 由….制成(能看出原料) 13. be surrounded by/with 被……环绕 14. rain quite a lot 多雨 15. deep blue 深蓝色 dark blue 16. have a natural deep harbor 拥有天然的深水港 17. a very beautiful natural landscape 自然风光优美 19. such as 例如 20. take possession of 拥有…… 21. settle mainly on the North Island 主要在北岛定居 22. be marked with 标有……记号 23. sign an agreement with 同……达成协议 24. compare…to… 把……比作 25. stand for 代表 26. plenty of 大量;许多 27. be native to 原产于…… 28. be of high quality 质量很高 meet/come up to the required quality standard 符合质 量标准 29. be careful in (在某方面)仔细 be careful with 30. prepare for … 为……作准备 make preparations for 31. the same size as 同……一样大 32. a mild sea climate 温和的海洋性气候 33. make/produce electricity 发电 34. in bold 粗体地, 加粗地 36. turn to 开始, 着手 37. go sailing 去航海 go camping 去野营 39. on the coast 在海岸线上 off the coast 离开海岸线, 在近海 40. attract tourists from all over the world 吸引世界各地的游客 句型 (1) It is said/reported/supposed/believed that… (2) make it possible to do sth. be prepared for

(3) wish you a lot of success (4) There are times when… (5) It is adj. to do sth. Unit 19&20 重要词组和习惯用法 Unit 19 2. traditional agriculture 传统农业 3. on this arable land 在这耕地上 4. one-family business 独户单干 5. use electric pumps in irrigation 使用电泵灌溉 6. develop new techniques 开发新技术 7. increase agricultural production 增加农业产量 8. control…with computers 用计算机控制…….. 9. over time 长期以来 11. be short of 缺少;不足 12. a variety of 种种 14. next to 隔壁;紧挨 15. pass on 向下传 16. from generation to generation 一代又一代 17. at sunset 在太阳落山时 at sunrise 20. bring in 带来, 引进 21. in the 1980s 在 20 世纪 80 年代 22. international exchange 国际交流 23. be harmful to 对……有害 24. be friendly to 对……友好 25. depend on 依靠, 依赖 26. the shortage of 缺少 27. in earth 在土壤中 28. in other words 换句话说 29. get ripe 成熟 31. in poor soil 在贫瘠的土壤中 32. at the right time 在合适的时间 33. sow seeds 播种 34. go against 违反, 反对 35. the condition of the soil 土壤的条件 36. remove weeds 除草 37. year after year 年复一年 38. have an effect on 对…….有影响 39. move around… 迁移 40. lead to 导致 41. change into 把…改变为….. 43. do/carry out research into…. 对…….进行研究 44. carry out 进行 45. devote…to… 奉献 46. have a long history 有悠久历史

47. be a practical guide to…. 实用的….指南 48. plant wheat close together 密植小麦 49. harvest good crops 丰收 Unit 20 1. an one moment 在一瞬间 in a moment 一会儿 at that moment 在那时 刻 at any moment 随时 at the moment 眼下 for the moment 暂时 2. a wide audience 广大听众 3. in the same way 用同样的方式 4. play on words 用双关语 5. the way of doing the way to do something 做某事的方法 6. cut in 插入 7. enrich one's life 丰富某人的生活 8. act/play the role/part of 起…….作用,扮演….的角色 9. act out 表演扮出 10. in total silence 完全沉寂地 11. lay sth. down 放下某物 12. knock sb. off 把某人从---上撞下来 13. go on doing 继续做 某事 14. go well 进展顺利 15. look on as 把—看做 16. date back to/from 追溯到--17. have --- in common 与—有共同之处/共用 18. intend to 打算做…… 19. on the stage 在舞台上 20. by way of 以……的方式 by means of 21. make fun of 取笑 22. an amusing story 令人发笑的故事 23. roar with laughter 大笑 24. even if 即使, 尽管 25. entertain the audience with 用……逗乐观众 26. a flow of fun 延续不断的乐趣 27. art form 艺术形式 28. quarrel over small matters 争论小事 29. be on good terms with 同某人关系好 30. in the other direction 在另一个方向 31. drive off 把车开走; 赶走 32. shout at sb. 冲某人大喊 33. in surprise 惊奇地 34. be angry with sb. for sth. 因某事生某人的气 35. get confused 搞糊涂 36. all the time 一直,总是 at the same time 同时 from time to time 间或,时 常 in time 及时 on time 接时 at a time 一次,每次 at times 有时,不 时 ahead of time 提前 once upon a time 从前 37. take one's time 慢慢来,不着急

38. at one time (过去)有个时期,一度,同时 39. have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快 句型 (1) It is (was …that(who) … (2) There are many ways to do… (3) What do you think of… (4) I will…〔I'm going to/hope(plan, intend, want) to do〕 Unit 21&22 重要词组和习惯用法 Unit 21 1. get through 通过,接通 2. express one's thoughts and opinions 表达某人的思想和意见 3. ask for 向……要 4. thanks for 感谢…… 5. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做…… 6. feel down 闷闷不乐 7. communicate with 与……交际 … 8. from culture to culture 从一种文化到另一种文化 9. spoken language 口语 10. learn about 打听… 11. make a circle 成一圈 12. index finger 食指 13. be used to do 被用来做…… 14. vary from culture to culture 因文化的不同而不同 15. shake one's head 摇头 16. communicate with 与某人联系, 通信 17. look directly into someone's eyes 直视 18. rest one's head on the back of one's hand 把头靠在手背上 19. get through difficult situations 摆脱困境 20. nothing better than 没有比……更好 21. hold up 抬起, 举起 22. make a face 做鬼脸 23. in order 按顺序 24. avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 25. feel confused 感到困惑 26. get into contact with sb. 与某人取得联系 27. make contact with sb. 与某人联系 28. be in contact with 与……有接触 29. lose/break contact with 与……失去联系 30. lean against 斜靠 31. ahead of 更前 更早 32. give sb. a hand--do sb. a favor 帮助 33. manage to do=succeed in doing sth. 努力且成功的做某事 34. on a crowded bus 在拥挤的汽车上 35. carry a very heavy suitcase 提着很重的手提箱

36. fold one's arms 和抱双臂 37. vary from culture to culture 文化与文化不同 38. look directly into one's eyes 直视某人的眼睛 39. make a circle with one's thumb and index finger 拇指与食指做成圆形 40. shake one's head 摇头 41. have opposite meaning 有相反的意思 42. stand close to 靠近某人站着 43. a visiting friend 一个来访的朋友 44. greet with a kiss on the cheek 以轻吻面颊欢迎 45. press one's palm together 紧紧的握手 46. rest one's head on the back of one's hand 把手靠在手背上 47. move the hand in circles over the stomach 用手在肚子上画圈 48. pat one's stomach 拍肚子 49. find friends in a world of strangers 在一群陌生人中找到朋友 50. tear down walls 推倒墙 51. express almost any emotion 表达几乎任何一种感情 52. start a conversation 开始一段对话 53. smile at oneself in the mirror 在镜子中对自己微笑 54. see the smiling face of a good friend 看到好朋友的笑脸 55. occur to sb. 使某人突然想起什么事情 56. focus…on… 把……集中于 57. hold up 举起;拿起 Unit 22 1. learn about 了解到 2. combine…with… 把……同……结合起来 3. be divided into 被分成 4. take off in a rocket 坐火箭起飞 5. fly a helicopter 坐直升飞机 6. alien creatures 外星人 7. outer space 太空 8. bungee jumping 蹦极跳 9. be based on 建立在…基础上 10. become popular around the world 在世界上受欢迎 11. risk injury 冒受伤的危险 12. thrill rides 动感电影,令人激动的乘车 13. through darkness 穿过黑暗 14. free-fall ride 自由落体车乘 15. step into 走进 16. cut off electricity 断电 17. an amusement park 一个娱乐园 18. across the world 横跨世界 19. race against 同….比赛 20. focus on 集中于,聚集 21. be in danger 处于

22. a theme park 主题公园 23. take the shuttle 乘往返的汽车 24. scary rides 可怕的乘车 25. be creative 活泼的 26. have great fun 很有趣 句型 (1) How could you do…? (2) Thanks for… (3) That's very kind of you. (4) What about…? (5) There is nothing better than to do… (6) Excuse me. Does this road lead to…? (7) Excuse me. Where can I find…? 高二 Unit 1. 1. inspire sb to do sth 鼓舞某人做某事 an inspiring speech 鼓舞人心的演讲 inspiration 2. undertake = set about = attempt 着手做… undertake a journey 去旅行 undertake to do sth 着手 做…, undertake responsibility for…承担…的责任 3. be curious about 对….好奇 4. go by 过去 / 走过 go all out 全力以赴 go in for 喜欢 go by rules 遵守规定 5. be / get engaged to sb 与某人订婚 be / get engaged in doing 从事做某事 / 忙于做某事 (be busy doing) 6. go on with 继续某种行为 7. make a research on 研究… carry out a research into the cause of cancer 进行癌症起因的研究 8. dream of 梦到 9. seek after 追求 seek for = look for seek one's advice 征求某人意见 seek to do sth 企图做某事 10. turn out (to be) / prove to be 结果是 turn to sb for help = ask sb for help 开 turn down turn up 11. use up 用完 12. be content with = be satisfied with 对…满意 13. take a look at 看 14. what if 倘若…将会怎样 / 即使….又有什么要紧 15. the other way round 相反地 16. make / carry out an experiment on 进行…的实验 17. within oneself 在…能力范围内 beyond oneself 18. make a list of 列出….的清单 19. There is no point in doing 做某事没意义 come to the point 讲正题 to the point 中肯 / 切题 20. neither / never / hardly / seldom / not only / nowhere / in no way / little / scarcely / rerely 位于句首 要倒装 Hardly had he arrived at the cinema when it began to rain. Not only did Hawking get married, but also he had 2 lovely children. 21. on one hand…. on the other hand 一方面…另一方面 22. make a difference = play a part in 起作用 / 与众不同 23. be described as 被描述为 turn away from 避

24. Only + 副词 / 介词短语 / 状语从句 (倒装) Only once was he beaten for his dishonesty Only in this way can you master English. in. 25. find faults with 吹毛求疵 26. He proves a most intelligent student 证明是 / 结果是 27. be similar to 类似于 be the same as 与….相同 The same to you 同贺 It's the same with you 28. There's no / little doubt that….毫无疑问… Sb doubts whether / if …. Sb doesn't doubt that… 29. Sth needs / wants / require doing / to be done Unit 2. 1. be faced with 面临… rely on = depend on 依靠 rely on sb to do sth 相信某人做某事 face up to 面对 face difficulty 面对困难 face the music 接受不好的结果 2. go up 上升 / 增长 3. burn down 烧毁 burn up 烧尽 4. inform sb of / about sth 通知某人某事 a well-informed person 消息灵通人士 keep sb informed 告 知某人 5. relate sb / sth 理解或同情某人 relate…. to 与…..有关 / 涉及 关 in relation to 关于 6. at present = now 现在 for the present 暂时 up to the present 至今 presently = very soon 7. His behavior is a reflection of his home education. 8. make a good effort = make every effort 努力做某事 spare no effort 不遗余力 without effort 毫不费 力 9. be addicted to 沉溺于 10. even if = even though 即使 / 尽管确 as if = as though 11. draw / attract / catch attention to 对….表示注意 pay attention to 注意… devote one's attention to 专心于 fix one's attention on 集中注意力于.. call attention to 唤起对…的注 意 12. on all sides = on every side 在各方面 / 到处 from all sides 从四面八方 on one's side 站在某人一边 take sides with 站在…的一边 13. change one's mind 改变主意 14. current affairs 时事 15. as far as I am concerned 既我所知 show concern for…. 对….表示关心 16. look up to 尊敬某人 look down on / upon 轻视某人 look through look forward to 17. fall in love with 爱上… 18. in comparison to / with 与….相比较 19. more than 不仅仅 / 超越 no more than 仅仅 more brave than wise 有勇无谋 The beauty of Xiamen is more than words can describe 20. just for once = for this once = for this once 仅此一次 once in a while 偶尔 once and for all 一劳永 逸的 all at once = suddenly = all of a sudden 21. adapt to 适应 22. suffer from headache / floods 患…病 / 遭受… suffer a great loss 遭受重大损失 23. think highly / much / well of … 对…高度评价 think ill / little / lightly of 对…评价低 speak ill of 说坏话 be related to 与….有 Only by working hard can we succeed in everything. Only when he told me did I realize what trouble he was

24. bore sb with sth 用某事烦恼某人 be bored with 对…..感到厌烦 25. to one's disappointment 令人感到失望的是 be disappointed at 对….感到失望 26. ask / look for trouble 自找麻烦 be in trouble 处于困境 get into trouble 陷入困境 have trouble in doing make trouble 惹麻烦 put a person to trouble 给某人添麻烦 take trouble to do sth Unit 3. 1. have a preference for 偏爱 in preference to 优先于 prefer to do….rather than do 2. make a convenience of sb 利用某人 3. be impressed by / with / at 欣赏 / 受感动 be impressed on one's mind / memory 留在脑海里 leave / make a…impression on sb 给某人留下…的印象 impress sth on sb = impress sb with sth 使..牢 记 4. despite = in spite of 尽管 ( + 短语) although / though ( +从句) 5. The Opera House 歌剧院 6. fill up with 用…..装满 fill in 填写 be filled with = be full of 装满了… 7. belong to 属于 8. set aside 搁置....一旁 / 拨出 / 留出 9. develop into 长成 develop heavy industries 发展重工业 develop the mind 启发思想 develop the film 冲洗胶卷 develop one's health 增进健康 be under development 在发展中 10. live close to / near to stand closer to 更接近… keep close to me 紧跟我 come to a close 结束 He came close to losing temper 差一点儿发脾气 11. in the twenties 在二十年代 in one's twenties 在二十几岁时 12. in a way to look unnatural / of looking unnatural 13. go against 违背 / 反 对 What you did went against your parents' wishes. His thinking goes against all logic. 14. in the choice of 从…..的选择上 make a choice have no choice / alternative but to do 别无选择只 好.. 15. works of art 艺术品 16. after a while 一会儿之后 all the while 始终 once in a while 偶尔 17. Though / Although he is young, he knew a lot about the world. 尽管 Despite / In spite of his young age, he knew a lot about the world. Young as / though he is, he knew a lot about the world. 18. think of = think about 想起 19. It looks like rain = It looks as if it is going to rain. 20. A is to B what / as C is to D. 正如 A 对于 B 来说, 正如 C 对于 D 来说一样。 21. be fit for = be suitable for = be suited to = be cut out for 适合于 fit in with = get on well with 符合 fit sb for sth 使某人能胜任 22. pull down 拆除 pull in pull out of 23. be decorated with 被装饰.... 24. remind sb of sth remind sb to do sth 25. set aside the book 搁置一边 set aside / lay aside some money 储蓄 set aside one's advice 不理会 set aside a decision 取消 aside from 除了 26. of different sizes / weights / shapes of the same size / weight / shape of high quality 高质 量 be an interest to = be of great interest to = be very interesting to be a value to = be of great value to = be very valuable to

27. for sale 待售 on sale 在出售 buy sth at a sale 大减价时买某物 have a sale on sth 大甩卖 sales department 销售部 28. show good taste in 对….有鉴赏力 have a taste for / in … 喜好 to one's taste 合某人口味 29. would rather (not) do sth 宁愿(不)做 would rather (not) have done 宁愿(没)做 过 would rather do … than do 宁愿做…也不… would … rather than do 宁愿….也不 30. get ill get lost get married to get used to get tired get dressed get angry get drunk 31. all the same = just the same 仍然 / 还是 be all / just the same to …对….来说都一 样 The same to you 同贺 32. be joined / connected to 与….连接 be connected with 与…有联系 33. follow / copy the example of 以….为榜样 set sb an example= set an example to sb 为某人树立榜 样 for example take…. for example 以… 为例 34. invite sb to a party 邀请某人参加聚会 is / looks inviting 诱人的 feel invited to do 很想做… 35. with the help / aid of… 在…的帮助下 come / go to one's aid 来 / 去帮助别人 first aid 急救 in aid of 作为对…的帮助 Unit 4. 1. intend (sb.) something 打算某事/打算给某人某事, intend to do/doing something 打算 做…, intend sb. to do something 想要某人做某事, It is intended that 从句, intention to do/of doing something, intention that 2. put together 把…. 结合成一体 / 装配 3. all sorts of = all kinds of 各种各样的 sort out 整理 4. play with 玩耍 / 游戏 5. call up 召唤 / 使人想起 / 打电话 call back 回想起 call forth 鼓起 call off 取 消 call for 要求 / 提倡 call in 召集 call on 拜访 6. stand out 突出 belong to 属于 a most interesting book (= very 非常) 7. absence of mind 心不在焉 in the absence of = in one's absence ….不在时 / 背地里 8. be introduced into 被传入 9. light up 照亮 / 使放光彩 10. come / bring into being 出现 / 形成 come into force 实施 come into effect 生 效 for the time being 11. send for 使某人到来 send up 发射 send out an invitation 发 出 send off = see off 送行 12. apart from 除了 fall apart = fall into pieces 摔成碎片 tell apart 分 辨 set apart 拨出 13. contribute to 为…做贡献 / 有助于… make a contribution to 为…作出贡献 14. be on broad 在船 / 飞机上 get / go on board 上船 / 飞机 15. get through 通过 16. be interested in of interest = interesting take / have / show / feel an interes t in.. 对… 感兴趣 17. as follows 如下 in the following years = in the years that followed 在随后的几 年里 follow the example of 效仿 follow one's advice 听从某人的建 议 follow the medicine 服药 18. much / a little / a lot / by far / far / still / rather / any + 比较级

19. fall into 进入 fall into a deep sleep 进入酣睡 fall into poverty 陷入贫 困 fall into a habit of 养成 fall into conversation with sb 与… 谈起来 20. start with = begin with 以…开始 to start with 首先 21. be well worth doing = be well worthy of being done / to be done 非常值得做… 22. recommend sb. sth./recommend sth to sb. 向某人推荐某物/人 recommend sb as 推荐 某人为..recommend doing 建议做… recommend sb to do 建议某人 做… recommend + that sb (should) do sth. 建议某人做某事 Unit 5 1. consist of = be made up of = include 由…..组成 2. make a mistake do sth by mistake 错做某事 mistake A for B 3. narrow escape 九死一生 narrowed-minded 气量狭小的 4. make out 辨认 / 理解 make up for 弥补 make use of make up 捏造 / 化 妆 make up one's mind make / earn a living 谋 生 make / earn money make friends with 5. make the most of = make the best of = make full / good use of 充分利用 6. hold together 连在一起/团结一致 hold up 耽搁 hold with the idea 赞同观 点 hold out a promise 作出 hold to / keep to one's decision 坚持 hold on / hang on keep back / hold back 阻止 catch hold of 抓住 hold off = keep off(远离)= put off (推迟) 7. Northern Ireland 北爱尔兰 8. The English Channel 英吉利海 峡 the Irish Sea the Isle of Man the Atlantic Ocean 大西洋 9. in general = generally = as a rule 一般地 / 大体上 on the whole 总的来 说 mostly 通常 10. under the influence of 受…..的影响 have a good / bad influence on 对….有好坏 的影响 be influence by 受….的影响 11. namely = that is (to say) 也就是说 call sb name 辱骂某人 in the name of 以….的 名义 12. with the approach of 随着….的临近 13. the BBC World Service 14. be famous / well-known as 作为….而出名 be famous / well-known for 因……而出名 be known to sb 为…….所熟知 15. agree to a plan / a suggestion / an agreement come to / arrive at / make / reac h an agreement 达成协议 be in agreement on / upon / with / about 与….意见一致 16. have advantage over 胜过 / 优于 take advantage of 利用 17. stand for 代表 18. lie on lie in lie to lie off the coast 远离海岸线 lie on the coast 在海岸线上 19. Our class is divided into two groups. 被分 成 England is separated from France by the Channel 被分离 20. at one point 在某处 / 一度 make political points 发表政治观点 to the point 切中 要害 off the point 离题 be on the point of doing 正要做….的时候 21. settle in 定居 settle down 安定下来 22. form the basis for 为…..打下基础 on the basis of 以….为基础 at the base 在底 部 be based on 以 …为根据

23. end up with = end up in 以…而告终 24. as well as = and as far as 远至 as long as 长达 as many as 多 达 The boy walked as far as the river bank. as far as I know = so far as I know 据 我所知 I'll help you as far as I can = as much as I can = as much as possible 尽我 所 能 do all / everything one can to do sth = do what one can (do) to do sth = try / d o one's best to do sth = try every / all means to do sth = make every effort to do sth = spare no effort to do sth 竭尽某人所能 25. be of great value = be very valuable = be a value 有价值 be of a shape / a size / an age / high quality 26. have a clear idea of 对….有清晰的看法 have an idea of 有….的想 法 have no idea of 27. go on diet = be on a diet 节食 have a light diet 饮食清淡 28. do a research on = make a research into 对….进行研究 raise money 筹 钱 without doubt 毫无疑问 29. make … to one's own measure 按照…的尺寸做… take measures to do sth 采取措施 做…. It's no wonder that ….难怪 It's no use doing There is no need to do 没必要做… There is no possibility to do 没有可能 做… There is no doubt that .. I doubt if / whether …I don't doubt that 30. join in the discussion 参加讨论 join sb in doing the experiment 与某人做实 验 join sb for dinner 31. feed sb with sth = feed sth to sb 用….喂某人 feed on = live on 以….为食 32. spread out 铺开 / 展开 spread to 传播到 Unit 6 1. a weather forecast 天气预报 make forecast about 对…作出预测 2. catch / get a glimpse of = catch a brief sight of 瞥见 3. ensure = make sure of 保证 4. keep / stay / get in touch with = keep in communication with 与…保持联 系 be in touch with sb be out of touch with sb = lose touch with sb 与…失去联系 5. be crowded with 挤满 crowd into 涌入 6. It remains to be proved 有待证 明 After the fire, very little remained of my house. 7. pay / give attention to attract / draw / invite one's attention to 吸引某人注意 某物 fix one's attention on = focus on 注意力集中在… devote one's attention to … 专心于… With a better understanding of …对….有更好的理解 8. regular consumers 老主顾 9. deal with = do with 处理 10. cure sb of the disease 治疗某人的疾病 bring about a cure 使…痊 愈 There is still no cure for the common cold 11. keep sb at a distance 对…保持疏远 in the distance 在远处 12. be well-prepared for = be ready for 为…做好准备 13. in store 就要到来 / 准备着 / 储藏着

14. old-fashioned 老式的 / 过时的 come into fashion 开始流行 go out of fashion 不在 流行 follow the fashion 赶时髦 15. come true = come into reality 成为现 实 in reality = in fact = as a matter of fact 16. What happened to sb = What became of sb 起某事 17. in future = from now on 从今以后 in the future 在未来 18. What is the weather like = How is the weather 19. drive at full / top speed 以全速开车 put on speed 加速 at a price of 以…的价 格 at a high speed 20. in this way 采取这种方法 in the way 挡道 in a way 从某种意义上说 by the way 顺 便提一下 on the / one's way 在途中 a way of doing sth = a way to do sth 21. do business with sb 与…做生意 on business 出差 in business 做生 意 get down to business 言归正 传 It's none of your business = Mind your own business 不关你事 22. search some place for sth make a search for = be in search of 寻找… 23. combine… with What fun it is to do sth for / in fun 开玩笑 地 make fun of = laugh at 取笑 24. bring about = lead to = cause = result in = contribute to 导致 25. be different from = differ from 与……有区别 make a difference 与众不同 / 起作 用 make no difference 没关系 26. It's certain that … 27. appreciate the danger 意识到… appreciate one's help 感 激.. appreciate one's friendship 重视… appreciate works of art 欣赏.. 28. instead of = rather than = in place of 而不是 29. keep / bear sb company 陪伴某人 in the company of 在…的陪同下 30. It looks like a good time for a change. 好像 / 似 乎 feel like doing = would like to do 31. after all 毕竟 above all 最重要的是 in all = in total = altogether 32. be concerned about / over / for 关心 be concerned with / in 与…有 关 show / express concern about Unit. 7 1. live with 忍受 / 与….住在一起 a live broadcast 现场广播 live on = feed on 以….为食 live up to 不 辜负,按……要求行事;符合……的标准工资 live by 靠…为生 live through 经受住 / 度 过 live / lead a simple life 过着简朴的生活 2. via = by way of 途经 3. persuade sb to do sth = persuade sb into doing sth 劝说某人干某 事 persuade sb not to do sth = persuade sb out of doing sth 劝说某人不要干某 事 persuade sb of sth 使某人相信… advise sb to do sth = try to persuade sb to do sth 试图劝说… 4. receive good treatment from sb 受到某人良好待遇 5. die from lack of food / a wound / an accident 死于(外部因素) die of hunger / cold / illness 死于(内 部因素) 6. lack of 缺乏 have no lack of 不缺乏 lack of nothing 一无所缺 7. in the proper way 用正当的方法 Something occurred to sb 某人突然想

8. discourage sb from doing sth 劝阻某人不要做某事 9. cheer …up 使…感到兴奋 / 使….感到高兴 10. suffer from 遭受(痛苦 / 疾病 / 损失) He suffered for his carelessness 因…而受苦 11. with all one's strength 全力 12. recover one's losses 弥补损失 recover one's health 恢复健康 13. on the contrary 正相反 14. for the moment = for the time being 暂时 / 目前 for free = free of charge 免费的 get free 恢复自由 free from 不受….的影响 / 没有…的 15. by turns 轮流的 by mistakes 错误的 by far …得多 learn…by heart 背 熟 little by little = gradually take ….by surprise 出奇不意的攻占.. / 使…惊奇 16. be / become infected with 被传染上 an infected area 污染地区 17. by accident = by chance = accidentally 偶然 地 by no means = at no time = in no case = in no way 决不 by means of 借助 by oneself = alone 独自 18. be different from = differ from be similar to 类似于 be the same as 与…一样 19. get lost/dressed get married get separated 分离 get injured 受伤 get about = spread 传开 get treated 得到治疗 get on / along well with get close to 接近… get down to doing 着手 做… get / keep / get in touch with 20. be / make friends with 与…交友 21. feel for sth 摸索找… feel like doing 想要做.. feel one's way 摸索前进 22. take / make a note of 记录 / 记下 take note of = take notice of 注意到 take no notice of 忽视 compare notes 交换意见 23. can't help doing = can't help but to do 禁不住干某事 help sb with sth help oneself to 自便 / 取 24. keep + adi 使…保持 keep…doing 使…处于 keep a record 保持记录 keep back / hold back 阻 止 keep fit = keep healthy keep….in mind 记住 keep / catch up with keep on doing 持续 做… keep one's promise 信守承诺 keep an eye on = keep a close watch on 密切注意 / 监 视 keep away from = keep off 避开 keep house 当家 keep the house 看守家 园 keep silent / quiet keep calm 保持镇定 keep still 保持不动 keep doing (动作的持 续)Keep standing there for an hour. keep on doing(动作的反复)Keep on standing up 一再起立 25. break down 破坏 / 损坏 26. immune system contact with 与…接触 27. spread out 传开消息 spread rumors 散步谣言 spread oneself 舒展身 体 spread = get about / around / round 28. owing to = due to = because of = on account of 由于 29. through birth 与生俱来 30. Being ill (= As she was ill), she didn't go to school today Not having received (=As I had no receive d) an answer, I wrote to him again. 31. all the way 径直 in any way 不管怎样 lose one's way 迷路 make one's way to 前进 32. 许多 a great (good) number of / quite a few / a good (great) many / plenty of + 可数名词复 数 a great (good) deal of / a large amount of / a large quantity of + 不可数名词 33. take samples of 采集…样本 34. have an empty feeling in sb's stomach 脑袋一片空白 have no stomach for 对…没有胃口/对...不 赞同 35. be treated with 接受…的治疗 treat sb to sth 款待某人某物 treat sb for(身体部位)治 愈 She treated me as a child and treated me to a movie. The doctor treated her for a broken arm

36. take every chance to live life to the fullest chance to do = happen to do 碰巧 做…, have / take a chance to do sth = have / take a chance of doing sth 利用机会 做…. by any chance 万一 It so happen / chanced that …. 碰巧… 37. look on / think of / consider/ regard / treat … as 把…当作 Unit. 8 1. aid sb with / in sth 帮助某人做某事 with the aid / help of 在…的帮助下 first aid 急救 2. in ink = in pen = with a pen 用钢笔 3. catch / take fire 着火 make / light / start a fire 生火 set sth on fire = set fire to sth 纵 火 fire a gun at 对…开火 fire station 消防站 4. upside down 颠倒着 5. a witness of an accident 事故目击者 call sb to witness 叫某人作证 give witness on behalf of sb 为 某人作证 6. keep / bear / have in mind 记住 bring / call sth to one's mind 想起 come into one's mind 计上心 来 make up one's mind 下定决心 7. calm down 平息 8. be in a panic 在恐慌中 be seized / struck with a panic 惊慌失措 cause a panic 引起恐 慌, get into a panic 陷入恐慌状态 9. in response to 响应 make / give no response to 对…不予回答 respond to / reply to a letter 回 信, respond with a smile 报以微笑 10. be conscious of / about 意识到 11. on the tip of one's tongue 话到嘴边,说不出来 12. feel one's pulse 把脉 My heart pulsed / beat fast 心跳 13. revive = come to oneself = come to one's life = come to one' s sense 使苏醒 14. make a quick recovery 复员快 recover one's health 恢复健康 recover one's losses 弥补损失 15. roll over 翻转 roll up 岁月流逝 roll up 挽起袖子 16. suddenly = all of a sudden = all at once 突然地 17. in honor of 为纪念… / 为向…表示敬意 / 为庆祝… do / show / pay honor to sb 向某人表示敬 意 on one's honor 以名誉担保 in praise of 歌颂 in memory of 纪念 in favor of 赞同 in place of 代 替 in charge of 负责 in need of 需要 18. take possession of 占有 take up 占据 / 开始从事 take pride in 以…为豪 take sides in 站在…一 边 take to sb 喜欢某人 19. give a clear explanation to 给…做清晰的解释 explain sth to sb = explain to sb about sth 向某人解 释.. in case of +(短语) 假使 / 以防 in case +(从句)假使 / 以防 in any case 无论如何 in this case 这样 的话 as the case stands = in reality = in fact = as a matter of fact 事实上 20. on the list 清单上 make a list of 列出清单 a list of 一张…的清单 21. make sure of 确保 make sure that … be sure to do sth = be sure of / about sth 对…有把握 22. turn against 背叛 turn in = hand in 上交 turn over turn to sb for help = ask sb for help turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝 turn out (to be ) = prove (to be ) 结果是 turn back / around 转身 23. be responsible for / to 对….负责 a sense of responsibility 责任感 take the responsibility of / for 负起…的责任 24. save one's life 拯救某人生命 save … from save up 储蓄 25. on the way = under way 在路上 / 即将到来 on the way to doing 就要干某事 in no way 26. be pressed for 迫于 press an attack on 强攻 press one's way 奋力前进 Press conference 记者招待会

27. in common with 与…共有 out of common 特殊的 common property 公共财产 28. see a doctor 看医生 see into = look into 调查 see to it that … 保证… see sb off 给某人送行 29. call for an ambulance 叫救护车 call in a doctor = send for a doctor call off 取消 call on sb to do sth 号召某人干… call for sb to do sth 请某人干… call out for help 大声呼救 30. spit out 吐出 / 坦白说出 spit up 呕吐 / 吐血 spit on / at / upon = look down on / upon 轻视 Unit. 9 1. be content with = be satisfied with 对…满意 be content to do sth 满足于做某事… content oneself with 满足于 2. the United Nations 联合国 The House of Representatives 众议院 3. sustainable development 可持续发展 sustain = support 支撑 4. kill time 消磨时光 kill off 消灭 / 杀光 5. get / gain access to 接近 have free access to 自由利用 give sb access to 答应让某人使用…. 6. live in poverty 过着贫穷的生活 7. take part in = join in 8. stress = emphasize 着重 / 强调 lay / put great access on 着重 / 重视 under the stress of 为…所迫 9. be on an equal with sb 与某人平等 be equal to 与…对等 be equal in… 在…平等 10. be responsible for 对…负责 take the responsibility of / for doing 负起做某事的责 任 a sense of responsibility 责任感 bear responsibility for 对…. 负有责任 11. take action 采取行动 take apart 拆开 take back one's words 收回某人的话 take charge 负 责 take for 认为 take in 吸收 / 接纳 be taken in by sb 被某人欺骗 take on 呈现/ 雇佣 / 承 担 take great trouble to do sth 不辞辛苦干某事 take sb in one's arms 拥抱某 人 Action speaks louder than words 事实胜于雄辩 bring into action 使行动起来 go into action 行动 起来 12. be willing to do sth 愿意干某事 against one's will 违背某人意愿 at will 随心所欲 13. be in harmony with 与…协调 be out of harmony with 与…不协调, in agreement with 和….一 致 agree with (气候,饮食,环境)与…一致, agree on (双方)就…达成一致意见 14. put an end to sth = sth bring to an end = sth come to an end 结束… end up with / in 以…结束,聋作 哑 make ends meet 量入为出 15. wipe out 消灭 / 擦洗 / 去除 wipe off 擦掉 wipe away 擦掉 wipe off one's debts 还清债务 16. have no choice / alternative but to do sth 别无选择只好做某事 17. car –pooling 合伙用车 18. be affected with… 被传染… affect = have an effect on 影响 19. advise sb (not) to do sth 劝某人(不)做某事 20. make / take a note of = make / take notes of 记录 / 记下 compare notes 交换意见 take note of 注意 到 21. make sure of / about sth 保证… make sure that … It is certain that … 一定/必 定 be sure to do = be certain to do 务必做… 22. be all for …. 完全赞同 go for 支持… fight for 为…而战 struggle for 为…而奋斗 23. all alone = all by oneself 独自 all along 一直 all the same 仍然 all out 全力 all through 全 部 all round 到处 all over 遍及 24. do whatever one can to do try one's best to do 尽某人所能 做…. do everything (that) one can to do try all / every means to do do all (that) one can to do make an effort to do do as much as one can to do spare no efforts to do 25. Inversion 倒装

A. 完全倒 装:In / out / up / down / away / here / there / over / off / next / such / back + come/ go / rush / run 等不 及物动词 Next came Tom's turn. Such ended his life. (主语是代词时,仍使用正常语 序):In he came and the lesson began. B. 部分倒装: ① Never / little / no / hardly / seldom / not / by no means / in no case / in no time / not until / not a bit / sc arcely / barely / no longer / at no time / no sooner …(than) / hardly…(when…)/ not only …(but also…) Never before have I heard of such a man. ②Only + 地点 / 方式 / 时间状语(从句): Only in this way can you make progress in English study. Only when one is away from home does one realize how nice home is. ③ Cleverest as he is, he doesn't work hard. (=Although he is the cleverest, he doesn't work hard.) Child as he is, he knows a lot. (=Although he is a child, he knows a lot.) ④so / such ….that 引导的结果状语从句 So loudly did he speak that everyone could hear him. ⑤省略 if 的虚拟语气要把 had, should, were 提到句首引起倒 装: Had he worked hard (= If he had worked hard), he would have got through the exams. Should it ra in tomorrow (= If it should rain tomorrow), we would have to put off the visit to the Summer Palace. Unit. 10 1. frighten sb into doing sth frighten sb out of doing sth frightening be frightened to do 害怕 做 be frightened of = be afraid of 害怕 be frightened to death = be scared to death 吓得要死 2. on end 直立 / 竖立 end up 直立 / 竖立 make ends meet 量入为出 end up with / in 以…结束 3. draw / attract / catch / get one's attention to 吸引某人的注意 bring…to one's attention 使某人注意 到某事 focus / fix / devote one's attention on 留心 / 专心于 hold one's attention on 将注意力集中于 4. rise up 起义 give rise to 引起 on the rise 在上涨 5. on the spot 当场 / 在现场 spotlight 6. at first sight 第一眼 at the sight of … 看见 catch / have / get sight of 看见 / 发 现 in / within sight 看得见 out of sight 看不见 lose sight of 看不见 7. at hand 近在手边/ 在附近 by hand 用手工 hand in hand 携手 in hand 随时可用 at first hand 直接 地 / 亲自 with one's own hand 由某人亲自 8. lose courage = lose heart cluster up one's courage to do sth 鼓起勇气做… 9. flee from = run away from = escape from 逃离… 10. urge sb to do sth = urge sb into doing sth 催促 / 力劝某人干某事 urge against sth 极力反对… 11. calm (sb) down 使某人镇定 / 平静 stay / keep / remain calm 保持冷静 12. on board 上船(火车/飞机/汽车) 13. knock about 冲击 / 碰撞 / 接连打击 knock down 撞倒在地 knock into 相撞 / 不期而 遇 knock off 把…撞下来 knock out 击倒 14. all of a sudden = suddenly = all at once 突然 15. live through 度过 / 经受住 live by 以…为生 live on = feed on 以…为 食 live up to 辜负 get through to 接通到 pass through 通过 look through 浏 览 break through 突破 16. as though = as if meanwhile = at the same time 与此同时

17. get into a panic 惊慌失措起来 be in a panic 惊慌 18. be severe with oneself 严于律己 be severe on / upon sb 对待某人严格 19. at a distance of …在距离…(多远)处 in the distance 在远 处 keep a distance away 保持一定距离 20. leave for = set out / off for = start out / off for 动身前 往… set out to do = get down to doing = set about doing 着手干… 21. upon arrival = on arrival 一到 达 as soon as / immediately / instantly / directly / the moment / the second / the minute + 时间状语从句 hardly + had sb. done(过去完成时) when + 一般过去 时 No sooner + had sb. done sth.(过去完成时) than + 一般过去时 22. have something to do with 与…有关 be connected with 与…有关系 / 和…相连接 23. the more, the better 多多益善 The higher we went up the mountain, the colder it became. more… than … 与其说…倒 不如说… He was more frightened than hurt 24. hold out (食品)维持 / 提供 / 坚持 hold back 隐瞒 / 阻止 hold down 阻止 / 制 止 hold on to 执着于 hold over 延期 hold to 坚持 / 抓住 hold up 举起 / 抢 劫 hold together 连在一起 25. what's up = what's happening = what's the matter 出了什么事 26. do for 可作…用 / 对…使用 The room is rather small, but it will do for me. Unit 11 1. the lunar calendar 农历 the solar calendar 公历 solar energy 太阳能 solar system 太阳系 2. leap over a fence 跳过篱笆 Look before you leap 三思而后行 leap at a chance 抓住机会 3. hi-tech = high technology 高科技 4. in support of 为了支持 He has a family to support. 有家庭要赡养. 5. be likely to do sth 有可能 做… It is likely / possible/ probable that…. He is likely to come. = It is likely that he will come. = It is probable that he will come.= He will probably come 6. set foot in 到达 / 踏上 set about doing = get down to doing = start out / off to do 着手 干… set an example to sb 为某人树立榜样 set by = set aside 储蓄 set fire to sth = set sth on fire set up 建立/ 成立 set up home 成家 set free 释放自由 set sail 扬帆起航 7. have an effect on 对…产生作用 come into effect = take effect 生效 bring sth into effect 使…实 施 in effect = in fact = as a matter of fact = in reality 事实上 be of no effect 无效的 personal effects 个 人财产 8. rely on = depend on 依靠 / 信赖 rely on sb to do sth 依靠某人做某事 rely on it that… 放心去 9. come to life 活跃起来 come to one's life = come to oneself = come to one's sense = revive 苏醒过 来 come at 袭击 come down 流传下来 come off 成功 come by 获得 come for 来取物/接 人 come out 出版/开花/结果 come round 前来 come through 经历 come to an end 结 束 come up against 遇到 come up to 达到/ 符合 10. be based on 基于… 11. a travel agency 旅行社 sole agency 独家代理 12. look forward to doing 盼望做… be forward to help others = be ready to help others 乐于助 人 put over = put across 解释 put away = put aside 储蓄 put back 推迟 / 阻碍 put down 记下 / 镇 压 put sb into prison 把某人投入监狱 put off 推迟 put out 扑灭 put through 完成 put up 张贴/ 搭建

/ 提供膳食 put up with 容忍.. put down to 归因于 put through to 接通(电 话) put forward = come up with = bring forward = set forth 提出… 13. on the march 行军中/ 进行中 14. achieve one's aim 达到目的 point at 指向 aim at (表动作)= be aimed at (表状态) glance at 一 瞥 shoot at 射向 stare / glare at 瞪着 aim at 旨在/ 瞄准 aim at a success 志在成功 15. at war = in battle 在战斗中 16. have … in common 有共性 in common with 与…一样 out of common 非凡的 common sense 常 识 17. do / make research 做研究 carry out / conduct research in / into / on 进行…的研究 18. in store 在等待/ 降临/ 储蓄 in a flash 刹那间 in a hurry in case 以防… in chains 囚禁 中 in charge of 负责 be in debt to 负债… in need of 需要 in peace 处于和平中 in place 就 位 in public 当众 in silence 一片寂静 in the hope of 怀着…的希望 in private = privately 私下地 19. be home to / of …发祥地, 所在地 20. get married / get drunk (喝醉)/ get lost = lose one's way / get hurt / get separated (分 散)/ get paid (领到薪水)/ get burnt (烧伤)/ get started = be set up (兴建) 21. make sth a success 使…大获成功 What a great surprise you gave us. The concert was a failure. 22. grasp / take the opportunity to do sth 抓住机会做… grasp at 企图抓住 take a firm grasp on 抓 紧 have a good grasp of 理解 be within our grasp 成功在即 23. as follows 如下 follow up 追查 follow through 完成 follow sb into some place 跟着某人来到… 24. as well as 和 as far as, as long as 只要 as many / much as 多达… 远 至 run across = come across 遇到 run after 追逐 run into 撞上 run out of 用完…running water 25. be excited about 对…感到激动 26. showcase 展示 be filled with = be full of 27. enable sb to do sth 使…能够做某事 28. by accident = on purpose 故意 without accident 平安无事的 be no accident 绝非偶然 29. He ran faster than ever, reaching the school quite of breath. 意料之 中 He hurried to the station, only to find the train had gone. 意料之外 Unit. 12 1. beyond belief 难以置信 have belief in 相信/ 信仰… believe in 信任/ 信仰/ 相信…的存 在 make believe 假装 2. make a living = earn a living 谋生 3. apply for 申请 apply oneself to = devote oneself to 致力于 apply one's mind to 专心于 4. lay the foundation of… 奠定…的基础 lay aside 储蓄/ 保存 lay down 放下/ 躺下/ 制定 lay in 储 存 lay off 解雇 lay out 展示/ 设计 ★lay—laid—laid—laying 产…/放置★lie—lay—lain—lying 躺 下/ 位于★lie—lied—lied—lying 说谎 5. set out= set off 出发/ 上路 6. come into collision with 与…相撞/ 冲突 in collision 在冲突中 7. be on board 在甲板/ 飞机上 go aboard = be aboard (ship / plane)上船/ 登机 go abroad 出 国 study abroad 留学 8. put sb in prison = send sb to prison 送某人入监狱 hold / keep sb prisoner 囚禁某人 take sb prisoner 俘虏某人 9. six pieces of luggage 六件行李 come true = come into reality 成为现实 10. in public 公开地 / 公然 in private =privately 11. throw light on / upon = cast light on 阐明某事 throw doubt on 对…产生怀

疑 throw oneself into 投身于 light up 点燃 bring to light 揭露 come to light 显 露 in (the) light of 鉴于/ 由于 light up with sth 容光焕发 12. hesitate about / at / in / over doing = hesitate to do sth 做某事犹豫不决 without hesitation 毫不犹 豫 I am still hesitating about whether I should go home. 13. cut up 切碎 cut across 抄近路/ 违反 cut corners 抄近路 cut in 插嘴 cut into pieces 切成碎 片 cut off 切断/ 中止 cut out 删除 be cut out for 适合于 14. in the distance 在远处 keep sb at a distance = keep sb's distance from 疏远别 人 at a respectful distance 敬而远之 15. make a sketch of 概述 / 制作…草图 16. Sth need doing / to be done. be in need of 需要… in time of need 在必要 时 There is no need for sb to do sth. 17. remind sb of sth 提醒某人某事 remind sb (not) to do sth 提醒某人(不要)干某 事 remind sb that …提醒某人… 18. He will be back before long (不久以后) He saw the film long before (很久以 前) It was long before we knew what was wrong with our plan. 费了很长时间 才… It won't be long before we meet again. 不用多久… 19. make an effort to do sth = spare no efforts to do sth = make every effort to do sth 尽力做某 事 without effort 毫不费力的 20. turn out (to be) = prove to be 结果是 turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝 turn in = hand in 上 呈 turn to sb for help = ask sb for help 向某人求助 turn over 反过去 21. give a view of 流览… 22. to start with = to begin with 首先 end up with 以…告终 begin with = start with 以…为开始 23. dream of 想到/ 梦到 dream away 虚度光阴 dream up 凭空虚构 24. what's more = moreover 更有甚者 what's worse = to matter worse 更糟糕的是 25. slow down 减慢 be slow to do sth = be slow in doing sth 慢吞吞地做某事 Unit. 13 1. be of benefit to 对…有益 for the benefit of … 为了…的利益 benefit from 从…中 获益 2. a range of 一排/系列 in range with 和… 并列 at close range 接近 地 range from 从…的变化 3. all the way 一直/一路上 4. freezing 冰冷的 frozen 冻僵的 5. a mass of = masses of + 不/ 可数名词大量的 masses of work 大量的工作 mass production 大量生产 mass communication 大众媒体 6. take advantage of 对…加以利 用 gain/ have /win an advantage over = have the advantage of 胜过 to one's advantage 对某人有用 7. in substance 基本上/ 实质上 in fact = as a matter of fact = in reality 8. give off 释放/发出(蒸气/光) give out 释放/发出(气味/热) give back 返 回 give away 分发/ 泄密 give in 屈服/ 呈交 give up 放弃 give out = be tired out 精 疲力竭 give way to 让位于 9. be sensitive to 对…敏感 10. in motion 运动中 make a motion with one's hand 做手势

11. call in 召集/打电话 call for 要求 call forth 鼓起 call off 取 消 call on sb to do sth 号召某人干某事 call up 回忆起 12. a variety of = various 种类繁多的/大量的 13. all the way 一直/径直 by way of = via 途径 by the way 顺便提一 下 in a / one way 从某种程度上 说 in no way = at no time = by no means = in no case 决不 in the way 挡 道 out of the way 不挡道 on the / one's way to 去…的路 上 fight one's way = press one's way 奋力前行/挤过去 make one's way 前 进 lose one's way = get lost 迷路 pick one's way 择路而行 give way to 让步/屈服 于 lead the way 领路 clear the way for 给…让路 feel one's way 摸索前进 14. that is = that is to say 也就是说 15. break down 毁掉/分解/坏掉 break out 爆发 break up 拆散 break out 爆 发 break through 突围 break with a bad habit 戒除 16. be available to 为…所获得 the source of life 生命之源 17. be measured in 以…衡量 take measures 采取措施 in a / some measure 某些程度/几 分 measure one's height 量身高 measure the time / speed 计 时 make… to one's measure 按照某人尺寸做…. 18. take advantage of 利 用 gain / win / have an advantage over = have the advantage of 胜过 19. meet with accidents / difficulty / opposition 遭遇 / 经历 20. provide for = support 支持 / 供 养 provided / providing that = on condition that = if 假使 21. 比较级 + than any other + 单数名词 / all the other + 复数名词 / 不定代词 anything , anyone + else 22. have fun = have a good time = enjoy oneself 作乐 be full of fun 极有 趣 make fun of = laugh at 嘲笑 It is great fun doing sth 干…很有乐趣 23. contribute to = make a contribution to 对…产生贡献/促进 contribute to = lead to = result in = bring about 导致 24. be busy in doing sth = be busy with sth = be absorbed in doing sth = be buried in doing sth = engage oneself in (doing) sth = be engaged in (doing) sth = be occupied in / with (doing) sth 忙于做某事 25. change one's mind 改变主意 change seats with sb 与某人换位 置 I have no small change about 零钱 Let's go to a restaurant for a change. 更换 / 换口味 change into 变成 change over to 转变成 changeable 易变的 / 不稳定的 Unit 14 1. the Nobel Prize 诺贝尔奖 2. put sb in prison = send sb to prison 把某人投入监狱 be in prison 在囚禁 escape from prison 越 狱 be taken to prison = be thrown into prison = be sent to prison = be put in prison 被投入监狱 3. join hands 携手/ 联手/ 合伙 join sb in doing sth 和某人一起做事 join up 参与/ 入伍/ 汇合 4. the Civil War the right to vote 选举权 vote for sth 投某人的票 vote in sb 选出某人 vote out sb 罢 免某人 vote to do sth 通过投票干… give voice to 为…代言

5. set an example to = give an example to sb 为…树立榜 样 follow sb's example = follow the example of sb, take sb as an example 以某人为榜 样 take sth for example 以某事为例 for example = for instance 6. racial discrimination 种族歧视 7. from then on 从那时起 from now on 从现在起 since then = ever since 自从那时起(现在完成时) 8. start with 以…开始 9. regardless of 不理会/不顾/尽管 be regardless of 不在乎 / 不重视 regardless of the consequences 不 顾后果 10. at first sight 乍一看 /初见之下 at the sight of 看见 catch / have /get sight of 看见 / 发 现 be in / within sight 在视线内 be out of sight = lose sight of 看不见 in the sight of 在…看 来 have far / long sight 远视 have near / short sight 近视 lose one's sight 失明 keep good sight 保持好 视力 Keep out of my sight! 别让我在看见你! 11. 我禁止你进入这个房 间:I forbid you the room = I forbid you to enter the room = I forbid your entering the room= I forbid th at you should enter the room. forbid doing sth 禁止干某事 forbid sb to do sth 禁止某人干某 事 be forbidden to do sth 被禁止干某事 12. demand of sb to do sth = demand that sb should do sth 要求某人干某 事 meet / satisfy one's demands / needs 满足需求 13. freedom of speech 言论自由 freedom from care 无忧无虑 14. commit murder 犯杀人罪 get away with murder 逍遥法外 15. put one's whole soul into 全神贯注于 heart and soul 全身心 16. separate from 分离开 divide into 分割开 lately = recently 最近地 17. look on … as = think of … as = treat… as = take… as = consider… as = regard… as = refer to… as 18. lead sb to some place 带领某人去某地 lead sb in doing sth 领导某人做某事 lead to 导致 lead a simple / hard life 过着…的生活 lead by 在…的领导下, have / gain the lead in the race 赛跑中 领先 take the lead 带头 with sb in the lead 在某人带领下 19. in modern times 在现/ 当代 in ancient / old times 在古代 at a time = each time 每 次 at one time = once 曾经/一度 at no time 决不 at times = from time to time = sometimes in no time = soon at all times 一直/ 无论何 时 in time of 在…的时候 all the time 一直/ 始终 take one's time 不要急 / 慢慢 来 in one' s spare time 在业余时间里 20. be fit for = be suitable for 适合… fit sb 合身 go with 与…搭配 21. as a result 结果 as a result of 由于…的结果 with the result that 其结果是 without result 没有结 果, result from 因…而产生的 result in 引起/导致 Unit. 15 1. look into 调查 look about = look around = look round 环顾四 周 look after = take care of = care for 照顾 look back = call up 回忆 look down upon 看不 起… look up to 尊敬… look forward to 盼望… , look out = watch out = take care = be careful 当 心 look over 查阅 look through 流览, look up the dictionary = turn to the dictionary 查阅 字典 2. every now and then = from time to time = at times = every now and again= now and then = occasion ally 不时地 3. get / be tired of 对…感到厌倦 be tired with / from 因…感到累 give out = be tired out 精疲力竭 4. cool off = cool down 变凉/ 冷静 Keep cool = Keep calm 保持镇定!

5. be guaranteed for 对…提出担保 6. gather (in) crops 收割庄稼 gather oneself 使振作 gather up 聚拢 / 概括 7. foreign currency 外币 8. be faced with 面对… in face of… 面对 face to face 面对面 lose one's face 丢面 子 see fit = think fit 认为恰当 think fit to do sth 9. argue sb into doing 劝说某人做某事 argue sb out of doing, argue with sb about sth 与某人争辩某 事 apologize to sb for doing = make an apology to sb for sth 10. have an itch for sth = have an itch to do sth 渴望做某事 have itching ears 爱听新奇的事 11. be considered as / to be 被认为… consider doing sth 考虑做某事 all things considered 纵观一切 12. urge sb to do sth = urge sb into doing sth 催促某人做某事 13. catch / get / have a glimpse of = glimpse at 瞥见 14. be known for 因…而出名 be known to 为…所熟知 be known as 作为…而出名 15. celebrate sb sth 庆祝… in celebration of 为庆祝… congratulate sb on sth 庆祝某人某事 16. There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问… There is no possibility that … 不可 能… There is chance that… 有可能… There is no point in doing sth 做某事无意 义 There is no need to do sth 没有必要做某事 be in need of 需要量 need to do sth 需要 做… It is no good doing sth = It is no use to do sth = It is no use doing sth 做某事没用 17. breath-taking 惊险的 peace-loving people 爱好和平人士 meat-eating animals 食肉动物 18. a feast for the eyes 大开眼界 / 眼睛的盛宴 / 赏心悦目 give / hold a feast 举行宴 会 a wedding feast 婚宴 19. take / have a dip in 在…里游泳 / 洗澡 go for a dip 去游泳 take a bath 淋浴 take a vacation 休 假 take a journey / trip 去旅行 take a walk 去散步 20. offer to do 主动提议做某事 offer sth to sb = offer sb sth 提供某人某物 offer oneself to 献身 于, offer sth for money 开价… 21. Things work out quite well. 结果 I work out regularly to keep fit. 锻 炼 I've worked out the difficult maths question. 计算出 work out a plan 设计出 22. Should you have enough energy left, … = If you should have enough energy left, …. 如果.. 23. draw up a list 制表 make a list of 列表 put one's name on the list 把某人列入名单中 24. travel budget 旅行预算 balance the budget 平衡预算 travel document 旅游证件 25. fall in with one's view 按某人意愿行事 in my view = in my opinion in view 计划好了 in view of 关于 with a view to doing… 为了做… 26. arrange for 安排/准备/ 商定 make arrangements for 为…作出安排 27. make photocopies of 复印… if possible 若可能的话 a seasoned sailor = an experienced sailor 28. act as 充当/ 起…作用 act for 代理 act out 表演 act up 捣乱/ 出毛病 act on / upon 对…起作用 29. especially 尤其/ 特别是 Both the brothers are tall, John especially. Specially 特别地 / 专门的 This car was specially designed for use in the desert. 30. make forecast = make weather predictions 天气预 报 foretell / forecast / predict the path of a hurricane 预测飓风路径 in all directions = in every direction in a certain direction 从某个方向过来 give directions 给予指 示 scientific equipments 科学仪器 / 设备 musical instruments 乐器 31. prepare for… = make preparations for 为…做准备 prepare …准 备… be well prepared for = be ready for 做好了做某事的准备 Unit. 16

1. mental and physical labor 脑力与体力劳动 physical examination 体检 in good physical condition 身体状况良好 2. suffer from 遭受… suffer from headache / floods suffer a great loss 遭受巨大损 失 suffer for one's carelessness 因粗心而受苦 3. be greedy for / of knowledge 渴求知识 be greedy to do = be eager to do 渴望干某事 4. get employment 就业 lose employment 失业 employment agency 职业介绍所 5. civil unrest 内乱 post-war 战后 be under construction = be being built 在建设中 6. make sacrifices 作出牺牲 at the sacrifice of… 以牺牲…为代价 7. bring justice to 依法判处… a war of justice 正义战争 8. in vain 徒劳 be vain of = be proud of 以…为自豪 try in vain to do sth 枉费心机做某事 9. eventually = at last = in the end 最后/ 终于 10. take a chance 冒险/ 碰运气 take apart 拆开 take down 拆掉 take in 吸收/欺骗 take on 呈现/ 雇 佣 承担 take change of = be in charge of 负责 take great trouble to do sth 不辞辛苦做某 事 take over 接管 take up 开始从事 / 占据 take possession of 占有 take to 开始喜欢 take for 误以 为 take away 剥夺 11. overcome = get over 克服/战胜 12. leave alone 不理会/不打扰 leave the door open 不要关门 leave behind 留下/不带 走 leave out 漏掉 leave off 停止/脱掉 leave for = start out for 动身往 leave sth to sb 把…留给某 人 leave aside 搁置 on leave 休假 ask for leave 请假 fall behind 落后 behind the times 过时/ 跟不 上时代 remain / stay behind 留下 leave word 留言 leave + 宾语 + doing 使…处于某状态 13. insist on doing = persist in doing 坚持做… 14. as a result of = because of = owing to = due to = thanks to 由于… without result 毫无结 果 result in = lead to 导致/ 结果 result from 起因于… as a result 结果 15. on sale 出售/减价 for sale 待售 cultural diversity 多元文化 16. in turn 反过来/ 轮流 turn away from = turn off 避开 turn in = hand in 上 交 turn out (to be) = prove to be 结果是 turn over 翻过去/ 反复考虑 turn up 出 现 turn to sb for help = ask sb for help take turns to do sth 轮流做某事 out of turn 不合时 宜 take one's turns 轮班 on the turn 将好转 turn down 拒绝/ 调低 17. supply sth for / to sb = supply sb with sth 提供某人某物 be in short supply 供应短 缺 a good supply of food 大量的食物 18. a chain of 一连串 a series of 一系列 19. be willing to help others = be ready to help others 乐于助人 20. struggle to do sth = try one's best to do sth 努力做某事 21. Civil Rights Movement 民权运动 The Great Depression 经济大萧条时期 22. 尽管 / 虽然:Despite = In spite of = regardless of , Although = Though = While + 从句 23. burn with anger 怒火中烧 burn away 烧毁 / 消散 burn down = burn to the ground 烧毁 burn out 烧坏 burn up 烧光 / 烧得更旺 24. recover from 从…恢复过来 recover one's sight 恢复视 力 recover oneself = come to one's sense, come to one's life = come to oneself = revive 恢复知觉 25. aim at doing = aim to do 旨在… aim at(表动作)= be aimed at (表状 态) We are studying hard, aimed at attending universities. 26. display new image 展现新面貌 in huge numbers = in large numbers 大规模的 27. be determined to do = determine to do = decide to do = make a decision to do = make up one's min d to do determine on (doing) sth 决心干某事

28. gather roots 采集根茎 gather in = harvest 收割 gather up 收拾起来/ 聚集 29. be forced to do = have to do 被迫做某事 move away 搬走 put away 收拾/ 储蓄 give away 分发 / 泄密 clear away 清除 tear oneself away 忍痛舍去 turn away 把…打发走/ 解雇 30. make / reach / arrive at / come to an agreement with 与…达成协议 31. all the while 一直/始终 for a little while 持续了一会儿 in a little while 一会儿后 once in a while 偶尔 worth one while 值得 at while = at times 有时 32. die away (风)停下来/ 平息 die down (声音/光)消失/ 渐熄 die out 灭 绝 die for sth = die to do sth = be eager to do sth 渴望…. die off 枯死/ 绝 种 die of hunger / illness / disease / old age… 死于内部因 素 die from lack of food / a wound / an accident / over-work 死于外部因素 33. live on = feed on 以…为生 live by 靠…生活 live through 经历 live up to 达到/ 不辜负/ 符 合, live / lead a simple life. 过朴素的生活 34. cut across 走捷径 cut away 切除/ 逃走 cut back on 减少 cut down 削减/ 砍倒 cut in 插 嘴 cut out 删掉/ 停止 cut through 穿过 cut up 切碎/ 使痛苦 cut into pieces 切成碎片 cut off 切断 / 中止 be cut out for = be fit for = be suitable for 适合于 35. be in effect 有效/生效 in effect = in fact = as a matter of fact = in reality 事实 上 come into effect = go into effect 生效 without effect 没有作 用 put… into effect = bring….into effect = carry… into effect 使…生效 36. 如 果:suppose = supposing = as long as = provided = on condition that = providing = assuming = if Suppo se (用于祈使语气或现在分词,同 if) Suppose it rains, what's to be done Supposing (that) she doesn't come, we will still go. 37. not + all/both/every/everyone/everybody/everything/everywhere 部分否定 none/neither/nobody/nothing/no one/never/not┉any 全部否定 我不全认识他 们:I don't know all of them. 他们我全不认识:I don't know any of them.= I know none of them 部分否定:Both of them are not my brothers.= Either of them is my brother. 全部否定:Neither of them is my brother. Not every one of them / us / you is polite to me 38. I bought the gold necklace for 2500 yuan. = My gold necklace cost me 2500 yuan. =It took me 250 0 yuan to buy the gold necklace. = I paid 2500 yuan for the gold necklace. =I spent 2500 yuan on / in b uying the gold necklace. Unit. 17 1. to the best of one's ability 尽力地 2. get around = get about 四处走动;活动 get across 讲清楚 / 通 过 get along …with = get on …with 进展/进行 get away with 侥幸做成 get down to doing 着手 做… get down with 结束掉, get into 养成…习惯 get near to 接近 3. have a gift for …对…有天赋 4. assist sb with sth = assist sb to do sth = assist sb in doing sth 帮助某人做某事 5. beyond recognition 认不出来 in recognition of 承认 6. feel sympathy for = have sympathy with 同情某人 be in sympathy with 赞同 in / with sympathy 同 情地 7. adjust oneself to 使自己适应于… 8. get used to 适应于…/ 习惯于… used to do sth 过去常常干… be used to do sth 被用来做…

It's no use doing sth = it is no good doing sth 做…没用 9. stand on ceremony 讲究客套 without ceremony 不拘礼节的 10. win a victory over 战胜 11. bring shame on 使…丢脸 feel ashamed 感到惭愧 It is a shame / pity to do sth 做某事可 耻 It is a shame that sb can't do sth 某人不能做某事, 真是遗憾。 12. take part in = participate in 参加 participate in sth with sb 同某人参加某事 13. be accessible to 可进入的 / 可获得的 have / gain access to …有做某事的机会/条件 14. award sb sth for sth = award sth to sb for sth 因…授予某人 win an award 获得奖项 15. develop one's potential 发展潜能 offer guidance 提供指 导 under one's guidance = under the guidance of 在…的指导下 16. beyond the reach of sb = be out of the reach of 某人手够不着 within the reach of sb 某人的手够 得着, reach for 伸手去拿 reach out for 设法抓到 reach one's goal 达成目 标, reach out one's hand for 伸手拿… 17. overcome difficulties = get over difficulties 克服困难 inspire sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事 realize one's dream 实现梦想 18. He is more lazy than foolish 与其…不如 more than 不仅仅 no more than 仅 仅 more or less = about 或多或少 more and more 越来越多 19. every two years = every other year = every second year 每隔两年 every few years 每隔几年 20. after the event 事后 in the event 如果 in the event of = in case of 万一 in any event 不管怎 样, in that event = in that case 那样的话 21. It looks / seems as if… 看起来好象… It appears / seems that …. the finish line 终点线 22. treat me as a child = treat me as if I were a child 把我当作小孩 treat oneself to beer 喝啤酒 It is a great treat for sb to do sth 做某事是难得的乐事 23. gain in weight = put on weight 增肥 gain self –confidence 获得自信 24. compete for 争夺.. compete in 在…竞赛 compete against = compete with 和…竞赛 25. be proud of = take pride in 为…感到自豪 be proud to do 做某事感到自豪 26. ahead of time 提前 all the time 一直 at a time = each time 每次 at one time = once 曾 经 at all time 经常 at no time 决不 in no time 立刻 sometime 某时 some time 一段时 间 sometimes 有时 some times 几次 27. all / everything / anything / nothing / something / few / little / much / the only… / the very … / the r ight …, the 最高级 / 系数词 + that 定语从句 28. while ①Their country has plenty of oil, while ours has none. (=but) 然而,表对比,比较 ② While I was out, my son began to make trouble (=when, as) 当…的时候,强调主从句动作同时发 生 ③While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones. (=though, although) 虽然,尽管,表转折 ④ While there is life, there is hope. (=since, so long as) 只要,既然,表条件 29. make sense 讲得通 / 有道理 make good sense 很明智 There is no sense in doing sth 做某事没 意义, have a good business sense 很有商业头脑 Unit. 18 1. get a patent for 得到…专利权 patent office 专利局 a patent office 专利权, hold a patent on 对…拥 有专利权 2. allow for 顾及/为…做好准备 allow doing sth 允许做某事 allow sb to sth 允许某人做某事 The problem allows of only one solution 容许/ 得 Has everything allowed for in your plan 考虑 到, make / let / have sb do sth 使某人做某事 get / cause / force sb to do sth 使某人做某事 make sense of 理解,明白

3. get stuck 遇到困难 / 陷进去 get about 传开/走动 get in with 巴结 get rid of 除掉 get at 了解/查 明, get sb down 使…失望 get through 完成 get through to 弄明白 get together 聚会 4. break away from 摆脱 / 脱离 break down 打破 / 坏掉 / 分解 break into / in pieces 成为碎 片, break in 打断 break into = burst into 破门而入 burst into a laugh 哄堂大笑 break off 折断 / 中 断, break out 爆发 break through 突围 break up 破裂 / 拆开 break with 戒除 5. in connection with 与…有关系/关于 6. be aware of 知道 / 意识到 be afraid of 害怕 be short of 缺乏 be sure of 对…有把握 be fond of 喜 欢 be full of = be filled with be proud of 以…为豪 7. trail and error 反复实验/不断摸索 8. after all 毕竟 above all = most important of all 最重要的是 all alone 独自 all along 始 终 all at once = all of a sudden = suddenly 突然 all but 几乎 all in all 总的说来 go all out 竭尽全 力 all over 全部 all the same 尽管如此/ 仍然 all through 整个…期间 all together 一道儿 all up 彻底 完蛋 for all 尽管 once for all 一劳永逸 in all = altogether = in total 总共 all the way 一路上/ 径 直 first of all = at first 首先 all the time 总是 9. keep track of 保持联系 lose track of 失去联系 track and field 田径赛 off the track 偏离主 题, on the track 正中主题 cover up one's track 隐匿行踪 10. throw away 扔掉 throw up 呕吐 throw oneself into…积极从事 throw off 匆匆脱掉/ 抛掉习 俗, throw doubt on 对…产生怀疑 throw light on 使清楚/ 提供线索 throw out 扔出, throw aside 扔在 一边 11. be tired of 对…厌烦 be tired from / with 因…而累 be tired out = give out 精疲力竭 12. come up with = put forward 提出… come up 走进 come up against 遭遇 come up to 符 合 come out 出版/发表 13. have much in common 有许多共同之处 common sense 常识 out of common 异乎寻 常, the common people 普通人 in common with 与…一样 14. think about 认真考虑 think out 精心想出 think over 仔细考虑 think up 想出 think of 想到 15. a matter of life and death 生死攸关之事, as a matter of fact 事实上, in the matter of 在…方面 上, for the matter 进一步来说 16. bring to one's knowledge 让某人知道 come to one' s knowledge 传到某人耳朵里 have a good knowledge of 对…熟悉 17. move toward 向…迈进 move in 搬家 move on 继续前进 / 转话题 move out 搬出 去, move about / round 到处走动 move off 离去/ 走掉 be moved with 受…感动 18. as with = as to = as for 就…而言 19. attempt to do = attempt doing = make an attempt to do = make an attempt at doing = try to do = see k to do…试图做… 20. be similar to 与…相类似 21. now that 既然 Unit. 19 1. There is no denying the fact that… 不容否认的事实是… She denied having been there. 否认去过 那儿, deny oneself to 不会见… 2. pay back 偿还/ 报答 pay taxes 纳税 pay in 交款 pay a vsit to 参观… pay sb out 报复某 人 pay off 还清 pay money for sth = buy sth for money 付钱买东西 run / get into debt 欠 债 be in debt to sb= owe sb a debt 欠某人的债 get out of debt 摆脱债务 be heavily / deeply in debt 债 台高筑

3. have mercy on = show mercy to / on 对…表示怜悯 at the mercy of 任凭…摆布/ 在…支配 下, without mercy 残忍地 beg for mercy 求饶 4. go about 开始做/ 着手干 go after 追求 go around 传开 go with 赞同 go against 违 反 go back to = date back to = date from 追溯到 go with 赞同 go back on 违约,食言,改变主 意 go back to 回到某地/原来的话题, 追溯到 go through 浏览 go in for 喜欢 go for 袭击/ 喜欢 5. as far as I know 就我所知 as far as it goes 就现状来说 A story is going about that… 据传说 6. feel envy of sb/at sth 对某人/某事感到妒忌 7. be accused of = be charged with 被…控告 8. in consequence = as a result 因此 in consequence of 由于…的缘故 9. make a fortune 发财 have good fortune 运气好 tell sb one's fortune 给某人算命 10. tear up 撕毁 / 取消 be torn open 被撕开 tear apart 拆散 tear off 扯掉 tear away 勉强离 去, tear oneself away from 忍痛舍去 11. go down on one's knees = be onone's knees 跪下 12. pass judgement on 对…宣判 13. A 是 B 的三倍:A is 3 times the size of B = A is 3 times as big as B = A is 3 times bigger than B 14.seat yourself = sit down = take a seat = take your place = be seated 就坐 15. offer up 奉献 offer advice 提出劝告 offer sth for money 出价… make an offer to do sth 想要 做…, offer oneself to 献身于 16. take sb in one's arms 拥抱某人 17. forgive sb for sth / doing sth 原谅某人某事 18. upon his death = when he died 19. leave sth to sb 把…留给某人 leave it to sb to do sth 委托某人干某事 leave sb by oneself 单独留 下某人, leave alone 别管 leave behind 留下 leave for = start out for 动身往 leave off 停止/ 脱 掉, leave out 漏掉 20. come to sb for help = turn to sb for help = ask sb for help 向某人求助 ask for leave 请 假 be on leave 休假 21. promise to do sth 许诺做… break one's promise 食言 stick to / keep one's promise 信守诺 言, carry out a promise 履行诺言 make a promise 许诺 22. on one condition 有一个条件 on condition that = as long as 只要 on no condition 决 不 in good condition 状况良好 out of condition = out of order 出故障 23. desire sb to do sth 希望某人做… desire that …should do 渴 望 desire doing = desire to be done 渴望 做, satisfy one's desire = meet one's demand 满足某人的欲 望 have no desire for… 对…没有欲望, have a strong desire to do sth 急于想做某事 Unit. 20 1. It is curious that …做某事很奇怪 be curious about 对…好奇 be curious to do = be eager to do 渴望 做. 2. dozens of 许多 two dozen eggs 两打鸡 蛋 some dozen (of) people two dozen of my / the books, a dozen and a half = one and a half dozen 18 个 3. I have no time to spare 腾出 Can you spare a ticket for me 匀出 spare no efforts / expense 不遗余 力, in one's spare / free time 在某人空闲的时候 4. tend to 朝某方向/ 趋于 tend to one's affairs 照料事务 tend to improve working condtions 有助于 5. the average man 普通人 average out 批评 / 达到平均数 on average 平均

6. link theory with practice 理论联系实践 link up 把…连接起来 When shall we link up 集合/ 碰 头, link (up) with = connect with 与…相连接 be linked to 与…相联系 have trade links with 与…贸 易往来 7. the monument to the People's Heroes 人民英雄纪念碑 8. home and foreign afiars 内政外交 see sb home 送某人回家 make oneself at home 别拘束 be / feel at home 安适 homesick 想家的 homeless 无家可归 9. in terms of 就…而言 / 从…角度来说 in the long term 就长期而 言 be on good / friendly terms with 与…交情好 be on speaking terms with sb 与某人交谈投 机 on no terms 决不 come to terms with sb 与某人达成协议 for a term of 4 years 期限 4 年 10. in the eyes of 在…看来 11. be distant towards sb 对某人冷淡 a distant look 茫然表情 in the distant 在远 处 keep sb at a distance 保持疏远 keep one's distance 不亲近 12. have a hand in 参与,插手,对某事负部分责任 lend a hand 帮助 hand in hand 携手 in hand 手头 上 on / at hand 在手边/ 即将来临 by hand 手工, on one hand… on the other hand 一方面…另一方 面 hand down = pass down 流传 hand over 移交, hand sth out to sb 分配 hand in = turn in 上 交 hand out 分发 in the hands of … 在…的掌握中 give sb a hand 帮忙 shake hands with sb 握手 13. serve as 担任; 充当 14. dig for gold 挖掘黄金 dig into a book 抠书本 dig out 查出 dig down 挖下去 / 掏腰包 15. be interested in = take / have / feel an interest in 对…感兴 趣 be of great interest = be very interesting 16. go on a holiday 去度假 be on a holiday 在度假中 make holiday 度 假 have a holiday = take a holiday 休假 17. as a whole 总体上 as usual 象往常一样 as well as 也 as follows 如下 as long as 只要 18. from all sides 从四面八方 from side to side 从一边到另一边 side by side 并 排 be on one' s side = be on the side of sb = take sides with = take the side of 支持某人 19. give sb an idea of 使某人想到 a man of ideas 有见解之人 have no idea = don't know 20. over a distance of…跨越…的距离 cover an area of… 占地…面积 21. come into conflict with 与…发生争执 bring sb into conflict 使某人与…发生争 执 be in conflict with sb 与某人意见不一 be in conflict 不一致 22. I wonder what life was like…不知道生活会怎样… no wonder 难怪 do / work wonders 创造奇 迹,wonder at / about doing sth 对…感到惊讶 It is a wonder that … 说来也怪… in wonder 惊讶 23. as a result of = thanks to = because of = owing to = due to = on account of 由于 24. 情态动词 + have + 过去分词 做了 must have done 过去一定做了某事 may / might have done 过去可能做了某事 can't / couldn't have done 过去绝对没做某事 need (not) have done 过去本(没)有必要做某事但做了 shouldn't / oughtn't to have done 过去本不应该做某事而

could have done 过去本来能够做某事而没做 should / ought to have done 过去本应该做某事而没做


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