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江苏省扬州中学2016届高三四模(5月)英语 (2)


江苏省扬州中学高三模拟考试 英语试题 2016.5.20
第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 15 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Who is the woman? A. Mary. B. Mary’s sister. C. Mary’s mother. 2. When did the man live in London? A. Last year. B. Last month. C. When he was a child. 3. What happened to the man just now? A. He met an old friend on the street. B. He mistook the woman for his friend. C. Lydia paid an unexpected visit to him. 4. Why did the man change his mind probably? A. He didn’t bring enough money. B. He forgot his wallet. C. He didn’t need that much fruit. 5. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. The role of shopping in people’s lives. B. How to promote sales. C. The importance of mass media. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项选出最佳选项,并标在试卷相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟,听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What’s the most probable relationship between the speakers? A. Friends. B. Husband and wife. C. Neighbors. 7. What are the speakers doing? A. Making a birthday cake. B. Cooking a huge dinner. C. Preparing for a party. 8. What has the woman finished doing? A. Putting up a big sign. B. Buying a tape. C. Putting candles on the cake. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 9、10 题。 9. How many pictures did the woman take in all? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. 10. Where will the speakers take another picture together?
A. In front of the garden. B. Near the flowers. C. Near the falls.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 11、12 题。

11. What is true about the factory tour?
A. Tourists can visit the factory anytime. B. It is sponsored by the car company. C. It is only good for the company. 12. What will the man do next? A. Make a phone call to get some information. B. Book tickets to go home. C. Go to the factory to make an appointment. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What makes the suit special? A. Its style. B. Its material. C. Its color. 14. How much does the woman want for the suit today? A. $600. B. $750. C. $900. 15. What does the man think of the suit? A. It’s good but a little expensive. B. It’s stylish but a little uncomfortable. C. It’s a little old-fashioned. 16. Why can’t the woman reduce the price of the suit? A. The material comes from France. B. She is not the owner of the shop. C. It is already on sale. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What season is it now? A. Fall. B. Spring. C. Summer. 18. What was the weather like this afternoon? A. Windy. B. Rainy. C. Foggy. 19. What will the weather be like this evening? A. Cold. B. Pleasant. C. Cloudy. 20. What will the daytime temperature be in the next three days? A. About 40 degrees. B. About 50 degrees. C. About 60 degrees. 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 21. Mr. Obama, _____ President of the United States, must face ____ reality that the country’s economy is sliding backward. A. /; the B. the; the C. /;/ D. the; a 22. The experiment has been finished, but no one knows what great difficulty I had ______ it. A. making B. made C. to make D. for making 23. Life is like a winding path surrounded by flowers, butterflies and delicious fruits, ______, many of us spend much time looking for happiness around the next corner A. therefore B. though C. moreover D. otherwise 24. People come into your life for a reason, a season or a lifetime. When you ______which one it is, you will know what to do for each person. A. give out B. leave out C. turn out D. figure out 25. Apple VP Greg Joswiak announced the new iPhone SE during an special event at the Apple

headquarters in California, on March 21, 2016, saying they will ______ new smaller phones. A. issue B publish C.release D. delay 26.—We shall take the condition _____you’ve attached to this project into careful consideration. —Thanks a lot. A. where B. when C. which D. what 27. Focusing on the unfairness of circumstances keeps you comparing yourselves with others _____ appreciating your own special uniqueness. A. rather than B. more than C. better than D. other than 28. August always comes ______we remember nothing but clear skies, green fields, and sweet-smelling flowers. A. before B. until C. when D. if 29. Most of employers are planning to cut down on wages instead of laying off employees ______ the economic depression. A. in defense of B. with regard to C. on behalf of D. in response to 30. Science fictions of the 1960s and 1970s predicted that pills would replace meals as the way_______people would get the fuel they needed. A. / B. which C. How D.where 31. ----Mr. Hu, have you finished correcting the papers? ----Not yet, the papers _______ . You _______ get the results from me by tomorrow. A. are corrected ; will B. are being correcting ; should C. are being corrected ; shall D. are being corrected ; would 32. Laplace, the astronomer, was still at work when death ______ him at seventy-eight. A. put up with B. catch up with C. line up with D. come up with 33. It’s a pity that we can’t arrange for our agenda; otherwise we ______ far more freedom during the whole journey. A. enjoyed B. had enjoyed C. would have enjoyed D. would enjoy 34. So seriously ______ missing that many puzzles remained to be solved. A. does Flight MH370 go B. had Flight MH370 gone C. did Flight MH370 go D. has Flight MH370 gone 35.—— Can I really get an iphone6s as a reward if I win the race? —— Absolutely! ______ A. It all depends B. You’ve got me there C. I mean it D. So will you 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 Few Americans stay in one place for a lifetime. We _36__ from the city to the suburbs,from high school to college in a different state, from a job in one region to a better job __37__, from the home where we __38__ our children to the home where we plan to live in __39_. With each move we are __40__ making new friends, who become part of our new life. For many of us the __41__ is a special time for forming new friendships. Today, millions of Americans go on vocation __42__, and they go not only to see new sights but also——in those places where they do not feel too __43__-- with the hope of meeting new people. No one really __44__ a vacation trip to produce a close friend, but the beginning of a friendship is possible. Surely in every country people __45__ friendship? The word ―friend‖ to American people can be __46__ to a wide range of relationships——to someone one has known for a few weeks in a new place, to a close business companion, to a childhood playmate, to a man or woman, to a __47__ colleague. There are real __48__ among these relations for Americans——a friendship may be __49__, casual, situational or deep and lasting. But to a European, who sees only our surface behavior, the

differences are not clear. As Europeans see it, all kinds of ―friends‖ flow __50__ of Americans' homes with little ceremony. They may be parents of the children's friends, house guests of neighbors, members of a committee, business associates from another town or even another country. __51__ as a guest into an American home, the European visitor finds no __52__ differences. The atmosphere is __53__. Most people, old and young, are called __54_ first names. Americans’ characteristic openness to different styles of relationship makes it possible for us to find new friends abroad with whom we feel __55___. 36. A. drive B. commute C. move D. settle 37. A. abroad B. elsewhere C. somewhere D. nowhere 38. A. deliver B. protect C. educate D. raise 39. A. retirement B. death C. illness D. sadness 40. A. mostly B. mainly C. rarely D. forever 41. A. winter . B. summer C. spring D. autumn 42. A. along B. freely C. together D. abroad 43. A. alone B. strange C. scared D. remote 44. A. allows B. desires C. expects D. imagines 45. A. form B. develop C. ignore D. value 46. A. used B. applied C. stuck D. dedicated 47. A. kind B. generous C. trusted D. helpful 48. A. differences B. varieties C. distinctions D. diversities 49. A. informal B. reliable C. shallow D. fragile 50. A. in and out B. on and on C. by and by D. up and down 51. A. Moving B. Flowing C. Going D. Coming 52. A. obvious B. heavy C. apparent D. strong 53. A. weird B. stressed C. relaxed D. strange 54. A. with B. on C. for D. by 55. A. at best B. at home C. at heart D. at hand 第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A 2015 Was a Warm, Wild Year. What’s Next? 2015 saw things heat up and get out of hand, and not just in politics. A record warm December raised average temperatures enough to make 2015 the second hottest year on record in the contiguous United States, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Climate Monitoring Annual Report, which was released Thursday. The United Nations had previously reported that 2015 was shaping up to be the warmest year on record for the whole planet. Last year was also the third wettest on record in the U.S. and saw ten weather- or climate-related disasters that each caused at least $1 billion in damage in the U.S. and killed a total of 155 people. These include a drought, two floods, five severe storms, a wildfire, and a winter storm. The average U.S. temperature was 54.4° F, 2.4° F above the 20th century average, and second only to 2012's record warmth. This was also the 19th consecutive year with average temperatures above the average for the century. Every state reported above-average annual temperatures. The warming was particularly pronounced across most of the eastern half of the country in December, when many places saw temperatures 30 degrees above normal and

many records were set. This mirrored changes seen in the Arctic that month, when temperatures spiked to 50 degrees above normal. Part of this warming was driven by a strong El Ni? o, or periodic warming in the Pacific Ocean, but some of it can also be attributed to global warming, says meteorologist Eric Holthaus, who was not involved with the federal report. The analysis comes less than a month after the U.S. and 194 other countries signed an agreement in Paris to more aggressively counter the effects of climate change. ―Even if all the initial targets in Paris are met, we’ll only be part of the way there when it comes to reducing carbon from the atmosphere,‖ said President Barack Obama at the time. Still, the agreement represented ―a turning point‖ by setting up ―the architecture" for doing so, he said. NOAA's climate monitoring center doesn't issue predictions for future weather, but the agency's Climate Prediction Center does. That team's forecast for the next three months calls for warmer-than-average temperatures in much of the country, although parts of Texas and the Southeast may be a little cooler than usual. As Lancaster University Professor Gail Whiteman told the Weather Channel, "climate change means extreme weather is the new normal." 56. According to the passage, the warmest year in the U.S. is___________ A.2014 B.2015 C. not mentioned D. 2012 57. According to the passage, which statement is right?_______ A.2015 was the third wettest year on record in the whole planet. B.Ten weather- or climate-related disasters in the U.S. include a drought, two floods, four severe storms, two wildfires, and a winter storm. C.The 20th century average temperature in the U.S. was 52° F. D.The warming was pronounced across most of the western half of the country in December. 58. The agreement the US. and 194 countries signed aimed to__________ A. reduce carbon from the atmosphere B. counter effects of climate change. C. set up the architecture D.find artificial ways to cool down the extreme weather 59. What does Professor Gail Whiteman mean in the future? A. Extreme weather will be common in the future. B. Climate change will be normal. C. Extreme weather will be normal, if we don’t take measures. D. Climate change lead to extreme weather. B A few things to consider before booking a flight: With fuel costs rising and airlines finding more fees to impose on travelers every day, airfare isn’t getting any cheaper. Since you can’t drive to all your dream destinations, flying is the only way to go sometimes and, undeniably, the fastest. Luckily, there are plenty of ways to find the most affordable fares and also avoid paying as many extra charges as possible when you plan ahead. Getting the best fare Airlines put out their fare sales on Tuesday morning, making this day the best day to book a flight for less. Fly during the least popular times. Tuesday, Wednesday and Saturday are the slowest days to fly, which means cheaper deals than the rest of the week. You can also find reduced rates on early morning flights, since many people don’t like to get up before the

sun to get to the airport. Earlier boarding times can also considerably cut down your chances of getting bumped on an overbooked flight or delayed because of other delayed flights or mechanical issues. Choose your seat later. Some airlines charge you to pick your seat when you book online, adding even more to the bottom line of your ticket cost. If you show up early on your travel day, you can still get suitable seats. Some of the best seats get held back until flight day, unless others are willing to pay extra for them ahead of time, so you still have the chance at one of those. Fly on holidays. You already know that summer is the most expensive time to fly, and even though most other times are more affordable, the days surrounding holidays can be crazy. Save big if you’re willing to travel on major holidays, such as Thanksgiving and Christmas. Don’t wait until the last-minute to book. Many travelers don’t know that there’s a sweet spot for booking and getting the best price on your tickets. Book too early or too late and you could end up paying more than you need to. The best time to book is between three months and six weeks from when you want to travel. Avoiding extra fees Airlines will charge for just about anything these days. Some have even toyed around with charging customers for using the restroom. All those extra fees can certainly add up, but there’s no reason to pay them if you don’t have to. Here are some tips to keep money in your wallet once you get to the airport. Avoid the upgrade it's not necessary. Sometimes upgrades are free, but mostly you will be charged for seeking a last-minute bump to first class, and the cost can be hefty. Fly carry-on only. Baggage fees vary wildly, but almost all airlines charge them and charge big. Why pay for your clothes to fly with you? If everyone in your travel party checks a bag, your bill can be astronomical before you ever even get to your destination. It’s easy to reduce the amount of stuff you pack: Make sure all your clothing coordinates, so you can take less and still make more outfit combinations, take only two pair of shoes, plan to do a bit of laundry on your trip and bring only travel-sized toiletries. Pack your own snacks. Unless you’re flying internationally, it’s rare your flight comes with a free meal. Snacks on the plane are not cheap and almost never healthy. Don’t rely on what’s on the small menu and instead tuck some of your own snacks – granola bars, homemade muffins, fruit and trail mix all make fantastic travel foods – into your bag and eat a lot better, and cheaper, than other passengers. Do you have a tried and true method of getting the best deal on your flights? Let us know. 60.To save money, which one should NOT be the choice? A.Early morning flights B.Early boarding times C. The flights on Saturday D.The flights on Summer holiday 61. According to the passage, which one is right? A. If you show up early on your travel day, you can get the best seats. B. You can save big if you’re willing to travel on Christmas eve. C. You will be charged for seeking the upgrades, and the cost can be high. D. If you’re flying internationally, your flight will come with a free meal. 62.According to the passage, you can do the things except_____ to avoid extra fees. A. Use the restroom. B. Tuck your own snacks C. Fly with carry-on only. D. Avoid the upgrade.

C The relationship between exercise and cancer has long both intrigued and puzzled oncologists and exercise physiologists. Exercise is strongly associated with lowered risks for many types of cancer. At the same time, exercise involves biological stress, which typically leads to a short-term increase in inflammation(发炎) which can contribute to higher risks for many cancers. Now, a new study in mice may offer some clues into the exercise-cancer paradox. It suggests that exercise may change how the immune system deals with cancer by boosting adrenaline(肾上腺素), certain immune cells and other chemicals that, together, can reduce the severity of cancer or fight it off altogether. To try to better understand how exercise can both elevate inflammation and simultaneously protect the body against cancer, scientists at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark and other institutions decided to closely examine what happens inside mice at high risk for the disease. So, for the new study, they began by gathering a group of adult lab mice. These animals generally like to run. The scientists then implanted melanoma(黑素瘤) skin cancer cells into the mice before providing half of them with running wheels in their cages while the other animals remained sedentary. After four weeks, far fewer of the runners had developed full-blown melanoma than the sedentary mice and those that had been diagnosed with the disease showed fewer and smaller lesions. They drew blood from both the exercising and sedentary animals and cells from any tumors in both groups. As expected, they found much higher levels of the hormone adrenaline in the blood of the exercising animals, especially right after they had been working out on the wheels but also at other times of the day. The body releases adrenaline in response to almost any type of stressful experience, including exercise. They also found higher levels of interleukin-6 in the blood of the runners. This is a substance that is released by working muscles and is believed to both increase and decrease inflammation in the body, depending on where and how it goes to work. Perhaps most important, they found much higher numbers in the bloodstreams of runners than in the sedentary mice of a type of immune cell named natural killer cells that are known to be strong cancer fighters. So the scientists repeated their original experiment multiple times, inducing cancer while allowing some mice to run and others to sit. In some of these follow-up experiments, the scientists injected the runners with a substance that blocked the production of adrenaline and gave sedentary animals large doses of added adrenaline. What they now found was that when running mice could not produce adrenaline, they developed cancer at the same rate as the sedentary animals, while the sedentary animals that had been injected with extra adrenaline fought off their tumors better than other sitting mice. More remarkably, the scientists determined that adrenaline seemed to be sending biochemical signals to some of the animals’ IL-6 cells, making them physiologically more alert, so that when a tumor began to develop in the affected animal, those IL-6 cells in turn activated the natural killer cells in the bloodstream and actually directed them to the tumors, like minute guide fish. With these results, ―we show that voluntary wheel running in mice can reduce the growth of tumors, and we have identified an exercise-dependent mobilization of natural killer cells as the underlying cause of this protection,‖ said Pernille Hojman, a researcher at the University of Copenhagen who oversaw the new study. It perhaps provides one more incentive for us to get up and move. 63. The relationship between exercise and cancer has long puzzled oncologists and exercise physiologists because________ A. exercise is strongly associated with lowered risks for many types of cancer. B. exercise can both elevate inflammation which can contribute to higher risks for many cancers and meanwhile protect the body against cancer. C. exercise may change can reduce the severity of cancer or fight it off altogether.

D. exercise can lead to a short-term increase in inflammation which can contribute to elevated risks for many cancers. 64. In the first experiment, which one is the most important result the scientists found?_______ A. natural killer cells are much more in the bloodstreams of runners than in the sedentary mice. B. levels of interleukin-6 are higher in the blood of the runners than in the sedentary mice. C. exercise such as running seemed to help the mice fight against the cancer. D. adrenaline can reduce the severity of cancer or fight it off. 65. What does the underlined word ―sedentary‖ mean? A. run B. move C. sit D. sleep 66.In the follow-up experiments, the scientists found__________ ? A. the hormone adrenaline has much higher levels in the blood of the exercising animals, B. how these elements in the runners — their increased adrenaline, IL-6, and natural killer immune cells fight against tumor. C. interleukin-6 can both increase and decrease inflammation in the body, depending on where and how it goes to work. D. what happens inside mice at high risk for the disease. 67.According to the study, we can infer the fundamental substance to fight the cancer off is________ A. adrenaline B. interleukin-6 C. natural killer cells D. genes D My mom only had one eye. I hated her… she was such an embarrassment. My mom ran a small shop at a flea market. She collected little weeds and such to sell… anything for the money we needed. There was this one day during elementary school. I remember that it was field day, and my mom came. I was so embarrassed. How could she do this to me? I threw her a hateful look and ran out. I wished that my mom would just disappear from this world so I said to my mom, ―Mom, why don’t you have the other eye?! You’re only going to make me a laughingstock. Why don’t you just die?‖ My mom did not respond. That night… I woke up, and went to the kitchen to get a glass of water. My mom was crying there, so quietly, as if she was afraid that she might wake me. I took a look at her, and then turned away. Because of the thing I had said to her earlier, there was something pinching at me in the corner of my heart. Even so, I hated my mother who was crying out of her one eye. So I told myself that I would grow up and become successful, because I hated my one-eyed mom and our desperate poverty. Then I studied really hard. I left my mother and came to Seoul and studied, and got accepted in the Seoul University with all the confidence I had. Then, I got married. I’m living happily as a successful man. I like it here because it’s a place that doesn’t remind me of my mom. This happiness was getting bigger and bigger, when someone unexpected came to see me ―What?! Who’s this?!‖ It was my mother… Still with her one eye. It felt as if the whole sky was falling apart on me. My little girl ran away, scared of my mom’s eye. And I asked her, ―Who are you? I don’t know you!!‖ as if I tried to make that real. I screamed at her ―How dare you come to my house and scare my daughter! Get out of here now!!‖ And to this, my mother quietly answered, ―oh, I’m so sorry. I may have gotten the wrong address,‖ and she disappeared. Thank goodness… she doesn’t recognize me. I was quite relieved. I told myself that I wasn’t going to care, or think about this for the rest of my life. One day, a letter regarding a school reunion came to my house. I lied to my wife saying that I was going on a business trip. After the reunion, I went down to the old shack, that I used to call a house…just out of curiosity there, I found my mother fallen on the cold ground. But I did not shed a single tear. She had a piece of paper in her

hand…. it was a letter to me. She wrote: My son, I think my life has been long enough now. And… I won’t visit Seoul anymore… but would it be too much to ask if I wanted you to come visit me once in a while? I miss you so much. And I was so glad when I heard you were coming for the reunion. But I decided not to go to the school…. For you… I’m sorry that I only have one eye, and I was an embarrassment for you. You see, when you were very little, you got into an accident, and lost your eye. As a mother, I couldn’t stand watching you having to grow up with only one eye… so I gave you mine… I was so proud of my son that was seeing a whole new world for me, in my place, with that eye. The couple times that you were angry with me. I thought to myself, ‘it’s because he loves me.’ I love you. You mean the world to me. My World Shattered. I hated the person who only lived for me . I cried for My Mother, I didn’t know of any way that will make up for my worst deeds… 68. The writer thought his mother was such an embarrassment because________? A. his mother only had one eye B. his mother ran a small shop at a flea market C. his mother went to his school D. his mother was desperately poor 69.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The writer’s mother gave him one of her eyes. B. The writer got married after he had finished school in another city. C. The writer’s classmate laughed at him because of his mother. D. The writer’s mother got a wrong address, and couldn’t find her son 70.Which one is the best title? A. An embarrassment or a pride? B. A letter from my mother C. Charm of the love D. The road to growth 第II卷(两部分, 共35分) 第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填上一个最恰当的词。 It’s no secret that doing good makes others happy – but did you know it can make you happy as well? According to a study, people participating in meaningful activities were happier and felt that their lives had more purpose than people who only engaged in pleasure-seeking behaviors. Try giving these four things to others to start your journey to a happier and healthier lifestyle. 1. Your Time With a busy life, it can be hard to find any time to give away. However, volunteering your time has great benefits, including making new friends and connections, learning new skills and even advancing your career. According to a paper about the link between health and volunteering, volunteering is connected with lower instances of depression and reduces the risk of dying by 22 percent. 2. Your Attention Most of us think we’re good listeners, but according to psychologist Paul Donoghue, most people are aware that others don’t listen as well as they could. In addition, they’re not fully aware that they themselves aren’t listening. When practicing mindfulness meditation(正念禅修), you focus on what you experience in the moment and let your thoughts and emotions pass through without judgment. Did you know that giving someone your undivided attention helps you also? When done well, active listening strengthens your focus-which is a major part of good meditation. 3. Your Compassion The psychological meaning of compassion is the ability to understand another person’s emotional state.

Compassion differs from empathy(移情) in that those who experience compassion not only put themselves in another person’s shoes, but also want to reduce that person’s suffering. A brain-imaging study showed that the brain’s pleasure centers are equally active when we give money to the poor as when we receive money ourselves. 4. Your Money According to an experiment, those who spend money on other people are significantly happier than those who spend the same quantity of money on themselves. Whether or not you can offer other gifts, donating money helps make real change happen. It represents time spent, compassion and careful attention to the needs of others.

Topic ____71____ of a study Four things offered to others can __74____ to a happier and healthier lifestyle

Doing good makes others and yourself happy People, who __72__in meaningful activities were happier and felt that they lived more _73_ than those only engaged in pleasure-seeking behaviors. Your Time Benefits: ★Making new friends and connections; ★Learning new skills; ★Making ___75___ in your career. ★Giving someone your ___76___ attention can also help yourself; ★Active listening can strengthen ___77___ is a major part of good meditation. ★ It __78_people to understand others’ emotional state. ★ People with compassion want to reduce others’ sufferings as well. ★___79___ the same amount of money, people felt happier while spending on others.

Your Attention

Your Compassion

Your Money Conclusion

___80___ away money helps make real change happen no matter whether you can offer other gifts or not.

第五部分 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Recently the reporters of CCTV 11 made a random survey in some big cities in China among the pedestrians on the correct spelling of some most commonly used Chinese characters, the result of which was completely beyond their expectations. The expression they used was ―embarrass‖, which is pronounced in Chinese ―ganga‖. First, they asked eight students from Grades 4 to 6 in a famous primary school in Beijing, and half of them could write them correctly. Later they came to a secondary school and asked eight students to do the same thing, but this time only three of whom wrote the two characters correctly. What’s more surprising was that they asked five persons who had got master’s or doctor’s degrees to write the same characters, but only two of them could write them correctly. The result was not only terrific but ironic as well. Is it too difficult? Absolutely not!

20 15 10 5 0 广东 北京 上海 江苏 浙江 山东 英语学习人数人口百分比

【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括以上短文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 个词发表你的观点,内容包括: (1)具体分析导致―忽视汉语学习‖的原因 (2)从政府和学校来谈谈该如何做来改变这一现象。 【写作要求】 1. 作文中不得直接引用原文中的句子; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确, 语言规范, 内容合适, 篇章连贯。

英语参考答案及评分标准 选择题答案:

第Ⅰ卷 听力: 1—5 BCBAA 6—10 BCBCC 11—15 BABBA 16—20 BBABB 单选: 21-25 AABDC 26-30 CACDA 31-35 CBDCC 完型: 36-40 CBDAD 41-45 BDBCD 46-50 BCACA 51-55 DACDB 阅读: 56-59 DCCA 60-62 DDA 63-67 BACBC 68-70 ADA 非选择题答案: 第Ⅱ卷 任务型阅读: 71. Finding(s) 72. participated 73. purposefully 74. lead/contribute 75. progress 76. undivided 77. what 78. helps/enables 79. Despite 80. Giving 写作: The passage and the chart above indicate that the application ability of Chinese is decreasing sharply in recent years among young generation while English learning has always been a hot button in China. Quite a few things give rise to this phenomenon. To begin with, globalization plays a major role in the promotion of the nowadays internationally used language—English, distracting us from studying our own language. In addition, our school are not attaching any importance to the education of Chinese, as a result of which, the lesson hours of Chinese are far fewer than those of English, leading to the fact that students pay more attention to English learning. In order to change the situation, efforts from government and schools alike should be made. It is essential to set more Chinese lessons and even more importantly, students’ awareness of the study of our own language should be raised. After all, the promotion of our language is the key to the prosperity of our nation’s culture. 评分标准: 书面表达评分建议 一、评分原则 1. 本题总分为 25 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2. 评分时,可先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档 次,最后给分。 3. 少于 130 词或多于 170 词的,从总分中酌情减去 1-2 分。 4. 评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、运用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯性及语 言的得体性。 5. 拼写和标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英美拼写及词 汇用法均可接受。 6. 如字迹难以辨认,以致影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。 7. 书面表达的分差,设定为 4 分。 二、内容要点 1. 约 30 个词概括短文的内容;5 分; 2 以约 120 个词词写一篇作文表达自己的观点: 1) 原因 10 分 2) 措施 10 分 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 覆盖所有内容要点。 语法结构和词汇有个别小错误,但为尽量使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所 (很好) 致;具备较强的语言运用能力。 (18—20 分) 有效地使用了衔接手段,全文结构紧凑,内容连贯。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第五档

完成了试题规定的任务。 虽漏掉一、二个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 语法结构和词汇方面应用基本准确,少许错误主要是因为尝试较复杂语法 (好) 结构或词汇所致。 (14—17 分) 应用简单的语句间的衔接手段,全文结构紧凑,内容较连贯。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 虽漏掉一些内容,但基本覆盖主要内容。 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 (中等) 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 (10—13 分) 应用简单的衔接手段,内容基本连贯。 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档 第二档 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 漏掉或未清楚描述某些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 语法结构单一,所用词汇有限。 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对所写内容的理解。 较少使用衔接手段,内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 未完成试题规定的任务。 明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 语法结构单一,所用词汇不当。 有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响内容理解。 缺乏语句间的衔接手段,内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;所写内容均与试题要求 内容无关或无法看清。

(较差) (6—9 分) 第一档

(差) (1—5 分)

0分

听力文本部 Text 1 M: May I speak to Mary, please? W: She’s not here right now. This is her sister speaking. Can I take a message? M: Could you ask her to call Max Peterson at 465-878-4931… W: Hold on one second, Mr. Peterson. Let me just get a pen. Text 2

W: I’m going to spend the next year studying in London. Someone told me that you once lived there. M: Oh, but I was just a kid at that time. Text 3 M: Lydia, I haven’t seen you for ages! How have you been doing? W: Um, do I know you? M: Oh, dear, I’m terribly sorry! You look like one of my old friends. Text 4 M: Could I have three pounds of apples, please? W: Sure. They are one dollar a pound. M: OK, let me just get my wallet… here we are… Uh-oh. I’m so sorry about this, but could I have just two pounds instead of three? W: No problem, sir. Text 5 M: As we all know, shopping plays a very important role in people’s lives, and it is many people’s favorite activity, especially for women. W: I couldn’t agree with you more. In order to promote sales, both sellers and producers place a variety of shopping ads in newspapers, magazines, and on the radio and television. Text 6 M: Is everything ready for Billy’s birthday party? W: Yes. I finished making the birthday cake and I put everything on the table. Did you find the party hats? M: Yes, I did. I put one for each child on the table. I put up the big ―Happy Birthday‖ sign, too. W: Thanks, honey. Do you think we have enough for the kids to eat and drink? M: I’m sure we do. Here’s enough food to feed an army. W: That birthday cake looks beautiful, but you haven’t put any candles on it yet. M: Thanks for reminding me. I’ve prepared some party games for the children, too. W: Great. I bought a tape with a lot of children’s songs on it. M: Hopefully, that will keep everyone happy. Text 7 M: What a nice garden! Look at these flowers! W: That would be a good shot. Can you take my picture here, dear? Please try to get the garden in the frame as well. M: All right. Would you please stand closer to the flowers? Good. Smile. Say cheese. OK, got it. That’s terrific. W: Thanks. Could you take one more from this angle? M: No problem… Got it. W: Now let’s take one together. M: Do you know how to set it to take a picture of the two of us? W: Let me see... We just push this button… OK, come here! M: OK, here I come! W: Cheese! M: Did it come out? W: Yes, but it’s a little dark. M: Never mind. Let’s go to the falls and try again. W: OK, let’s go. Text 8 M: We still have one more day to go before we return home. What do you want to see tomorrow?

W: No idea. We’ve enjoyed both the natural scenery and the city sights. What else is there to see? M: How about a factory tour? W: You mean visit a factory? M: Yes. I heard there’s a large car company nearby that is open to the public every weekend. We can go there to see how a car is made and learn more about the car industry. W: Good idea! I’ve always been interested in that. How much is the entrance fee? M: I’m not sure, but as far as I know, most factory tours are free. They are sponsored by the car company providing the tour. W: Really? What do the companies do that for? M: I believe most of them think of it as good public relations. They can promote their products and make their company better known. W: Oh, I see. So, factory tours are good for companies as well as visitors. M: Exactly. W: Do we need to make an appointment in advance? M: I’ll call the tourist information center to check. Text 9 M: Excuse me. How much is this suit? W: It’s on sale today for $750. It’s normally $900. M: Wow, that is pretty expensive! I was thinking that it might be four or five hundred. W: This material is imported from Italy. It’s the finest in the world, and if you bought a suit made of this material at many department stores, you would pay about two thousand dollars. M: Uh-huh… but isn’t that the point of coming to a market like this, to get a discount compared to the expensive department stores? Besides, I saw a suit just like this one a few stalls down, and they were selling it for $600. I still thought that was too expensive. W: It’s possible that the suit you saw was the same color as this one but made of a different material. Unfortunately, our prices are final, and we think they’re the lowest anywhere in the city. M: Could I try it on first? W: Of course, sir. The dressing room is down there to your left. M: Yes, I see it. Could I also take a tie to try on? I’m not actually looking to buy one, but I do want to see how the suit looks on me if I wear a tie. W: No problem. I’ll have my assistant bring you a few ties that we give our customers for this exact purpose. M: Great. I’ll be back in a minute… So, how do I look? W: You look very handsome, sir. This suit is made for you! M: Thank you. I like it very much. It fits perfectly, and the style will never go out of fashion. The only thing is that I still think it is a bit too expensive. Couldn’t you lower the price by just a little? W: I’m not the owner of the shop, sir. Otherwise, I might be able to reduce the price. Text 10 Good evening to you, and a good evening it is! In fact, it’s absolutely beautiful outside. Of course, it’s all due to the winds of March! Yes, if you were outside around 2:00 p.m., you were probably blown right off your feet. We had wind this afternoon that was blowing at 50 mph! You could see large umbrellas from food carts rolling down the sidewalks — a few of them blew right into traffic and caused a few accidents. Fortunately, though, the wind died down to a more reasonable 15 mph by 4:30 p.m. Now, the forecast for tonight is for the temperature to stay around 60 degrees Fahrenheit with a light breeze — just enough for a light sweater. It should be a clear night, great for all you astronomers and star gazers. Enjoy it while you can because the clouds will begin to roll in again tomorrow, and they will be staying for a while. Yes, for the next three days, you can expect clouds, the daytime temperature to drop to around 50, and a 90

percent chance of light rain on and off throughout the day. The temperature at night will be about 36-40 degrees, so you should expect some frost in the early mornings. Well, that’s all. Go out there and enjoy a lovely, warm, star-filled evening tonight. Tomorrow, take your raincoat and umbrella as you head out the door!


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