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IELTS A类 图表作文 高分写作技巧


IELTS WRITING PROSPECTUS
IELTS Special Terms & Practice Referable and Characteristic Structure & Transition TBT (Ten Broad Topics) IELTS FAQ and Relevant Main Argument

Structure for Task 1 1. Paraphrase the rubric

2. General classification and characteristics 3. Description of specific trends with statistics

4. Conclusion

Clear Characteristics

Hidden Characteristics

*有三种情况不用写总分句: 有三种情况不用写总分句 ① 所有 pie chart ② 同一张图两根曲线不相交而且趋势相同;三根或以上曲线趋势相同 ③ 所有静态图表(没有时间或特征的) *各种情况主体段落说明: 各种情况主体段落说明 ① 一张图一般写一段 ② 两张图及以上如相互之间有联系,可以写一段;如相互之间没联系,一般有几个图写几 段 ③ 流程图一般写一段

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IELTS 学术类 Task 1 高分写作应试
上篇——战术篇 上篇——战术篇 ——
考试时间:20 分钟 考试字数:至少 150 words 考试题型 Pie Chart Bar Chart Line Chart/Graph Table Process/Flow Introduction 考点与难点 Diversity of describing percentages Compare &Contrast Trends & Classification How to list statistics effectively Writing sequence & imagination Working principle 内部难度评定 ** **** *** **** **** *****

说明: 雅思小作文常考题型主要包括了 Bar Chart(柱状图), Chart Pie (饼图) Line Chart/Graph , (曲线图) ,Table(表格) ,虽然在 2006 年至今考了两次 Process(流程图) ,但由于这种题 型一般每年最多考四次,考生只要把握常靠的三个题目即可,不必做过多的准备。至于 introduction 的题型在 2003 年 9 月虽然曾经偷袭三次,但由于此题型太过“专业” ,根本就 不必重点复习。 “2006 年出现次数”也核算了有混合题型的图表的出现次数。 四种题型各有各的侧重点: 饼图是所有图表题中最好写的一种, 唯一值得注意的地方在于如何丰富百分比的 表达和“占”的表达。不要一直用数字加百分比的格式,如 25%,这种文章很 难拿到高分。特定的数字可以采取多样性的表达,如 25%=a quarter of, 50%=half of, >50%=a/the majority of,具体题型的表达请参见 Pie Chart 的部分。 柱状图中“比较” (找出 similarity)和“对比”(找出 difference)是写作的关键, 也就是说需要横向总结所有柱状图表的共性特征, 也要分别描写各个柱子的个性 特征。初学者认为其较好写,因为分类较简单,但其实柱状图不像曲线图那样彻 底的动起来,也不像饼图那样彻底的静下来,属于“动” “静”不结合,要取得 高分并不容易。 曲线图初学者感到很难, 关键是不能把握曲线的走向和趋势。 要拿到曲线图的高 分, 必须学会 general classification,即在第二段的开头部分对整个曲线进行一个阶 段式的总分类(详见下篇曲线图总分类三种方法) ,使写作层次清晰,同时也方 便考官阅卷。 接下来在分类描述每个阶段的 specific trend,同时导入数据作为你分 类的依据。 考官最痛恨那些不做任何说明就机械性的导入数据, 这不是雅思的考 试目的。曲线图高分的关键还在于使用一些比较 native & accurate 的单词和短语 来描述 trend,不要淹没在云云众生的“垃圾词汇”中。 表格题考察你例举数字的能力和方法。 怎样通过举一些有代表性的数据来说明问 题是有讲究的(具体参考下篇表格题例举数字四种方法) 。 考试三原则:
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1. Objectivity——客观性原则。Task 1 的基本要求是通过对数据的描述,使考官在不看到 这张图表的情况下也能明白图表所反映出来的特征,但在描述时不能有任何联想式的个 人观点,否则会导致严重的失误,但对图表信息总结说明是允许而且是必要的。 2. Carefulness — — 观 察 细 致 原 则 。 雅 思 作 文 在 出 题 是 有 时 会 安 排 一 个 hidden characteristic(隐含着的特征信息), 如考生能够发现并加以描述, 可以得到一定的印象分, 如没发现,则正常阅卷。这些信息和你的英语水平是没有关系的,考察的是你的观察能 力和横向比较能力,考生应量力而为,千万不可因找寻 hidden characteristic 而浪费太多 的时间,得不偿失。

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 interest friend studying goal

通过这张图上单位和数据的分析,我们发现百分比之和大于 100%。可以在最后一段写道 What is worth mentioning is that since the overall percentages exceeded 100%, it can be indicated that some adults chose several reasons for study. 表 格 题 中 有 一 些 在 中 间 一 下 子 出 现 的 数 据 , 我 们 也 可 以 在 结 尾 段 点 出 它 的 hidden characteristic.如 Nuclear power did not make its debut until 1997(make one’s debut 是专门用来 描述新进数据的短语,用 appear 有歧义)。 3. Accuracy——精确性原则。雅思作文的命题当中有不少的 technical tramp, 特别表现在 数据的描述上。试看以下例子:

1990

2000

许多学生把它随意的交代成 It fluctuated from 1990 to 2000. 其实考官在这里故意设置曲线的
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出头来考察考生的精确性。 应说成 It fluctuated from before 1990 to after 2000 或根据刻度间的 距离(实战应有标明) ,说成 It fluctuated from approximately 1988 to nearly 2002. ——Trend 考试高分必备表 1—— —— INCREASE 词语 Junk words increase rise raise(n) grow climb Favorable Words rocket escalate swell soar surge boom ease up edge up creep up Special words rally accrue leap 90 80 70 60 45 30 20 10 <10 反弹 小平 大平 说明

DECREASE 词语 decrease fall drop decline descend plummet plunge collapse slump subside ebb ease down edge down creep down retrieve abate dip 反降 说明 Stand at remain stay keep

STABILIZATION 词语 stable steady constant the same 说明
没有相对比较时用 掌握一种讲法

maintain remain plane stay unvarying keep balanced *morose *slack *sluggish *gloomy *stagnant reach a plateau level off/out even out

* 表示为形容词。通 常作系表架构。如:

The market was morose.
反义词为:buoyant, active, firm。如:

The market has been active. 高位平稳 低位平稳 中位平稳

同义词

FLUCTUATION(Fluctuate) 动 undulate, vacillate, waver, shift, vary, alternate, flutter, swing
形 volatile, variable, mutable, capricious, fluid

Illustration

It fluctuated 1. 四种必备 句型 2. 3. 4.
450 425

from…to…/during…and… within a (large/small) range of… , reaching a peak at (statistics) in (year) and bottoming out at (statistics) in (year) 2+3

用于任意两个无特征性数字 用于两个差值为十、百、千的整数 第一种方法的复杂版, 通过表示伴随状 况的从句揭示最高最低点 此句为小作文的必备句, 每次都会用到

202 125

1950

1980

1970

1980

American Consumer’s Expenditure
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Russian Consumer’s Expenditure

考试高分必备表 2——Extent Words 程度大, 斜率大 于1 considerably dramatically sharply=steeply significantly tremendously immensely noticeably rapidly substantially maximally 程度小, slightly 斜 率 小 gently slowly 于1 steadily subtly minimally 程度中 等, 接近 于1 比较地 moderately in moderation medium(adj.) comparatively relatively A B C
D

Illustration

Sample sentence It rises dramatically=There is a dramatical increase in the number of …=We can witness a dramatical increase in the percentage of …

三根或以上曲线中程度最大 It rises gently=There is a gentle increase in the number of …=We can witness a slight increase in the percentage of … 三根或以上曲线中程度最小 It rises moderately=There is a medium growth in the number of…=The number of…is in moderation. B 曲 线 必 须 说 成 It rises comparatively gently,以区别于 A 曲线 It rises sharply.即遇上两根 相同变化幅度的曲线就要用上。 A B A: It rises gradually B: It rises gently A 曲线也可说成 It rises gently, 但效果就差了,所以“逐渐地” 是一个优先表达的意思。 图表作文经常要表达“大约”的 意思, 左表根据精确度进行升序 排列。 * almost 和 well nigh 只能修饰程 度,绝对不能跟数字连用。其余 应准备黑体词语。

平滑地

gradually regularly continuously progressively smoothly about around=some roughly nearly more or less in the neighborhood of approximately circa almost well nigh 整数级的数据

大约地

个位数的数据

小数点后的数据

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分别地

respectively

The numbers of students in UK and Japan are 2100 and 2155 respectively. A B B: It leveled off initially and surged correspondingly.表示某部 分的变化趋势与另外一根一样。 对于这样的曲线确实很难讲清 楚, 但是我们发现曲线的起点和 终点较接近,可说成 It rises and falls evenly.表示不管怎么变化, 涨幅和跌幅相同,起落同幅。

相应地

correspondingly proportionately evenly

均匀地

考试高分必备表 3——Phrase 摸高 reach a peak reach a summit reach a zenith reach a pinnacle reach an apex reach a vertex reach an acme reach a culmination 探底 bottom out hit a trough nadir base underside nether part floor deepest part 平均值 average out at take an average strike a balance reduce to a mean equate equalize 天龙八部 rise and fall evenly

IELTS 学术类 Task 1 高分写作应试 下篇——战略篇 下篇——战略篇 ——

Pie Chart
Paraphrase and enrich the expression of statistics Three highly-frequently-used sentence structures 1. (A quarter of) the costs of each course should be shared (by the
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taxpayers). 2. Individual covers/occupies/takes up/accounts for comparatively a majority of the total costs, with/at 40 percent. 3. The remaining 35 percent is in the charge of/due to the employers. 饼图的三句万能句型 1) 2) 3) 数据+抄题+导入宾语 主语+“占据” (先特征,后数据) 剩余数据

“占据”的讲法: constitute make up be the factor(s)/instrument(s) of 致成物 the remaining 35% a. the rest (35%) a./n. the remainder n.剩余物 the remnant n.

in the charge of – sb due to//owing to//attributed/ascribed to//for//oriented to—sth

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WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show the results of a survey of adult education. The first chart shows the reasons why adults decide to study. The pie chart shows how people think the costs of adult education should be shared. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. You should write at least 150 words
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Reasons for study

Interest in subject To gain qualifications Helpful for current job To improve prospects of promotion Enjoy learning/studying To be able to change jobs To meet people
9 12 22 20 20

40 38

10

20

30

40

%

How the costs of each course should be shared Taxpayer 25% Individual 40%

Employer 35% Task 1 的时态: 的时态: 1) 现在时——无时间 2) 过去时——过去时间 3) 将来时——将来时间 从过去到将来——现在时 4) 过去进行时 5) 现在完成进行时 两种禁忌时态: 1) 现在完成时(描述阶段) Since 1970, there has been a large increase. 最后段文字总结的时候可能会用到现在完成时 2) 现在进行时
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On the other hand, Recreation and education, Clothing accounted for a small portion of the expenditure, at 17% altogether “累加”的写法: totaling 17%//amounting to 17%//adding up to 17%//with a total of 17%//equaling 17% When added up, they amount to ___ 19% of the expenditure was shared by Housing and power. Furthermore, the remaining 14% was due to Transport and communication.

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两个图写作顺序: 1) 先写一个,另一个再比 2) 直接联动 Coal occupied the maximal portion//was the biggest instrument of the sources of energy, at 47% while Nuclear accounted for a tiny share, with only 1%. Furthermore, 28% altogether of the energy was shared by Oil and Hydro. The remaining 24% was due to Natural Gas. 1) In 1980, the percentage of Coal increased/crept up by 4%//to 51%. 2) There was an increase/creeping-up of 4% in the percentage of Coal. We can witness… 3) 4) The year of 1980 (Place) witnessed/reflected/saw… 5) A outnumber/ outpercentage B by… A 比 B 大 3000. A outnumbers B by 3000. A 比 B 大 20%. A outpercentages B by 20%. A: Coal in/of 1980 B: that in 1970=its counterpart(in 1970)对等物 eg. Coal in 1980 outpercentaged its counterpart by 4 percent. Coal was the biggest/leading//predominant/outstanding/striking instrument among its counterparts. while Nuclear skyrocketed by 10 times. the percentage of Nuclear was 11 times//eleven-fold that of its counterpart
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“倍数的讲法” There was an increase of 10 times in Nuclear. We can witness … The year of 1980 witnessed… Coal in 1980 outpercentaged its counterpart by 10 times Oil almost remained stable. There was a decrease of 4% in the percentage of Hydro. In addition, the year of 1980 witnessed a slump of 9% in Natural Gas. What is worth mentioning is Oil was almost morose during the decade. Through the charts, we can easily draw the conclusion that the new source of energy, particularly Nuclear was given full play while the traditional ones, though still dominant, reached their bottleneck/ceiling to some extent. 两个图的写作原则:3+5 两个图的写作原则 第一张图——3 句万能句型 第二张图——涨/跌/平的比较,5 个数据 2 涨+2 跌+(1 平) 数据很多的时候: 第一张图分三种情况: 最大的——2 号句型 最小的——1 号句型 中间的——3 号句型 破纸 P2 Social…, ad, edu, sci cover comparatively a majority of their main fields of study, at …respectively, while 2.24%, 1.84% and 2.10% are shared by... The remaining percentages are in moderation, at 5.53% for , 7.4% and 9.35% respectively. increase max: min Social Science 三个(以上)图的写作原则 直接联动(曲线图写作模式) line chart 连词、副词连接 顺接:furthermore, moreover, in addition, additionally, next, in the following, what is worth mentioning(值得一提的是), what is interesting, what should not be neglected(不能忽略的是), last, on the other hand, meanwhile 转折:while, on the other hand, conversely, however, on the contrary, what is so different is

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Line Chart
Accuracy and Suitability of the description of trends Four methods of general classification

Physical Classification Situational Classification Horizontal Classification Comparative Classification
Line Chart 形态划分法——最简单的图 点位划分法——较复杂的图 水平划分法——极其复杂的图 比较划分法——两根曲线

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WRITING TASK 1
The graph below shows Harry’s annual sales of hamburgers in 1998. Write a report for a university lecturer describing information shown below.

HARRY’S annual sales of hamburgers (1998)

3000 2500 2000 1500 1000

Jan

Feb

Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct

Nov Dec

Para 2:总分句 All trends(动态)/statistics(静态)/charts(多图) can be categorized/classified into ____ stages(时 间)/groups(无时间)/types(多图) with (“general” trends or characteristics).

2 groups with predominance of Humanities in 1990 and 1994 and predominance of Business in 1996, 1998 and 2000. Applied subjects with fluctuating from Jan to June, rising sharply from June to Aug, falling sharply from Aug to Oct and rising gently from Oct to Dec. with fluctuating from Jan to Jun, rising from Jun to Aug, Oct to Dec, falling from Aug to Oct. with fluctuating gently from Jan to Jun and fluctuating sharply from Jun to Dec. 点位划分法: with fluctuating evenly and gently from Jan to Jun and fluctuating evenly and sharply from Jun to Dec. Specific Description: Version One: It fluctuated within a small range from Jan to June. Then it soared, reaching a peak at 3000 in Aug and slumped, bottoming out at about 1250 in Oct. Finally, there was a boom/rally till the end of
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the year.

Version Two: Harry’s annual sales of hamburgers were volatile slightly during the first half year, followed by leaping till its zenith at 3000 in Aug. We can witness a sudden slump to Oct, echoed by booming till Dec.

WRITING TASK 1
The graph below shows the number of people at a London underground station from 6:00 to 22:00. Write a report for a university lecturer describing information shown below.

Number of people at a London underground station

400

300

200

100

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15 16

17

18

19

20 21

22

Time

WRITING TASK 1

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Comparative Classification: 1) 2) 3) popularity of predominance/prevalence of preference to

All statistics can be categorized into 2 stages with the popularity of listening to radio/predominance of radio audiences from about 6 am to 1 pm and the popularity of watching TV/predominance of TV audiences during the rest of the day.

As to the radio audience, it soared from about 6 am to 8 am, reaching the peak at about 25% at 8 am, followed by ebbing till the end of a day. We can witness the nadir occurred at around 4 in the morning. Back to the people watching TV, most of them watched TV from 5 pm to 12 am. The trend almost rose and fell evenly with sharp rise and fall. 8 in the evening was the peak hour for people to watch TV. Furthermore, after 3 am, less than 5% of people would listen to radio or watch TV. What is worth mentioning is that 8 am and 8 pm are the peak hours for people to listen to radio and watch TV respectively.

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All statistics can be categorized into 2 stages with the popularity of cinema from 1957 to 1960 and the popularity of TV from 1960 to 1974. As to/As for/In terms of/In respect of/In aspect of/In regard to/Concerning the curve of cinema admissions, it dipped from 1957 to 1960, followed by subsiding in the following/next 6 years. We can witness a trend of ebbing till 1972. In the end, there was an abating to its bottom at about 90 in 1974.

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All statistics can be categorized into 3 stages with the equilibrium 均势 of/in the birth and death rates in the first decade of the 20th century, the predominance of birth rate in the following two decades, and the predominance of death rate from 1930 to 1970(in the consecutive 40 years). As to the birth rate, stabilization in the first ten years was followed by leaping to its zenith at 60 per thousand in 1920. We can witness a clear slump to almost one-third of the zenith in 1940. The next 20 years reflected an even rise and fall. Finally it abated to the trough in 1970. Contrary to the birth rate, the death one continued to creep down after the overlapping period till 1930, when a rally was shown between 1930 and 1940. Fortunately, fewer people died in the rest years, with ebbing to the nadir in 1970. What is worth mentioning is that both birth and death rates reached the bottom level in 1970. As to death rate, it abated from 1900 to 1930, followed by soaring to its peak at 5% in 1940. We can see an ebbing till 1970. In the respect of birth rate, the first decade witnessed stabilization, followed by leaping to its peak/zenith at nearly 6% in 1920. It slumped to 2% in 1940 and rose and fell evenly in the next two decades. Finally it had the similar trend with its counterpart, death rate.

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Sample Topic 13 All charts can be categorized into 2 types with absoluteness type for Full-time males and Part-time females and alternation type for Full-time females and Part-time males. 概括描写(不同趋势、句型导入) The trend of 1973 fluctuated within a large range.
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So did the trend of 1993

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Table
TABLE 表格的描述顺序是以时间(趋势)作为主线,非时间作为辅线(一句话) 时间( 时间 趋势) almost soared soared except in 1995 ebbed till 1995 and rallied in/during the next 3 years

Five technical methods of listing statistics effectively and multifariously Extreme The general trend of the visits abroad by UK residents for holiday rose comparatively dramatically, reaching a peak at 20,700 in 1998 and bottoming out at 14,898 in 1995. Range Visits abroad by UK residents for business boomed within a range of approximately 800. Average Visits abroad by UK residents for other reasons rose and fell evenly, averaging out at about 1000. Similarity This is the similar case with the trend/statistics of TOTAL Contrast This is the opposite with the trend/statistics of
类比的四种句型: This is the similar/identical case with… This is true of … So does… This can be paralleled with … 反比的三种句型: This is the opposite with… This is converse/reverse with … This is contrary to …

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Despite the increasing net sales of ABC Company, the rate of increase was deteriorating. Furthermore, the Costs and expenses were not controlled//managed properly, leading to the plain/feeble increase of Net income with a decline after 1998.

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Sample You should spend about 20 minutes on the task. The table below shows the average family expenditure in Britain.

Write a report for your teacher describing in the information shown below. You should write at least 150 words.
Average family expenditure in Britain (%)

ITEM Food Alcoholic drink Tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing Fuel, light and power Household goods and services Transport and communications Recreation, entertainment and education Other goods and services Other items

1967 21 7 6 9 12 5 10 9 7 14 --

1977 19 7 4 8 14 5 7 14 9 12 1

1996 18 4 2 6 16 4 14 16 11 8 1

Food always played a major part//accounted for comparatively a majority in the average family expenditure in Britain.(纵向比较结果)

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Sample Topic 6: All trends can be categorized into 4 groups with falling in items such as Food, rising in items including Housing, fluctuating in Household goods and services, and stabilizing in Other items.

You should spend about 20 minutes on the task. The charts below show the percentage of people employed in different types of industry, during the period 1970 to 2000, in Britain and China.

Write a report for your teacher describing in the information shown below. You should write at least 150 words.

Britain
Agriculture Computer Industry Finance 1970 1980 1990 2000 18 20 20 21 5 20 40 21 18 18 20 10 Manual Labour 61 41 20 40

China
Agriculture Computer Industry Finance 1970 1980 1990 2000 61 60 40 30 5 6 30 40 5 5 10 10 Manual Labour 38 40 20 20

All trends can be categorized into 3 groups with rising in Agriculture of Britain, Computer Industry and Finance of China, fluctuating in Computer Industry, Finance, Manual Labour of Britain and Manual Labour of China, and falling in Agriculture of China.
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In terms of the industries of Britain, the percentage of Manual Labourers fluctuated within a large range, reaching a peak at 61% in 1970 and bottoming out at 20% in 1990. This was the opposite with the trend of employees in Computer Industry. People engaged in Finance experienced an undulation within a range of 10%. Agriculture witnessed a creeping-up of employment, averaging out at nearly 20%. 横向比较结果: In Britain, Manual Labour was the largest industry drawing employees, while most people in China, were engaged in Agriculture.

纵向比较结果: Agriculture witnessed a converse trend in aspect of employment for both countries.

Bar Chart Compare and Contrast (Summary and Analysis) Grammatical Accuracy Hidden Characteristic

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表格题的类型: Dynamic Table(有趋势)70% Static Table(无趋势)30%

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纯比较——用多种语法形式来变换 BAR CHART 柱状图的本质 本质——其它三种题型用柱子来表示。 本质

Sample Topic 2 本质: 1) 三张饼图 2) 四根曲线图 All trends can be categorized into 3 groups with fluctuating in bus, rising in car and falling in bike and foot. 3) 3X4 的表格题 This was the similar case with the trend of foot. 总结: 题型本质上分为两种——动态图和静态图 动态图最好用曲线图(All trends +天龙八部)的整体写作模式 静态图则是静态表格(纯比较)的写作模式 柱状图的要求: 1) 充分的比较(共性)和对比(差异) 文字性的部分 ,文字性的部分 文字性的部分可以多一点,不必局限在每 一种题型的要求上。 2) 语法要求较高:对于主语的要求和句式的多样性(60%的柱状图为静态图)

柱状图是静态图比例最高的题型
静态图的分类: 静态图的分类: 一个饼图 表格题(30%) 柱状图(60%) 是 be, reach, arrive at, run to, equal, amount to, constitute, cover, occupy, make up, account for, etc 多/少… more/less than, outnumber, outpercentage, be stronger in, increase/decrease by 倍数/分数 3) 对于隐藏特征—Hidden Characteristic 的开发(适用于所有类型的图) Task 1 高分的关键: 变换多端的 wording 和句式、体系 清晰宏观的分类(ALL TRENDS) 有力得体的隐藏特征(HC) 隐藏特征:隐藏在数据背后的客观性事实。 隐藏——不明显,有别于主体段(body)的内容
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客观性事实——有数据支持的现象,不同于个人观点 结尾段: What is worth mentioning is that since (原因——数据支持), it indicates the fact that (结论 ——文字总结)

How to seek HC? 1) issue of “percentage” >100% Some people choose several reasons for study. <100% There exist some other factors/reasons unlisted/unmentioned.

avocations 副业 moonlight 兼职 Some people were engaged in several industries//Some people had their avocations while others were engaged in other industries unmentioned. 2) “abnormal” statistics(图表文字中出现一/几组反义词) compare and contrast to locate the facts contrary to social belief and common sense

Ordinary: 1. Men earn more than women 2. Graduates earn more than non-graduates 3. Different trends and peaks for different genders

1) 2)

Men: leap till the end of 40s and boom with the peak at £650 in 50s Women: basically volatile slightly after a sharp increase after 24 years old. The peak salary is nearly half of their counterpart

HC: 1. 2. Men non-graduates basically earn more than those women graduates. Since the gap of salary between graduates and non-graduates becomes wider and wider upon age, it indicates the fact that qualifications are important for people’s salary.

3) “debut” statistics(Bar & Table) not make its debut until (year) Other items didn’t make its debut until 1977. 4) Fixed future trends or characteristics
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people’s living standard has been greatly improved people lived a better-off life people have longer life expectancy. The new source of energy, especially nuclear was given full play//attached great importance to//maintained a good momentum while the traditional ones, though still dominant, reached the bottleneck/ceiling to some extent.

万能 Opening: Opening 的四要素: As is shown/displayed/revealed/ in the (1) 图的类型 (图与图之间没有联系的加 respectively) , the (2)图的单位(number/amount/percentage/figure) of 图的主题 (3)图的主要趋势 1) fluctuate/rise/fall—趋势种类=1 2) vary—趋势种类〉=2(Table) differ—静态图,无趋势 3) (4)(图的时间) 1) from…to… 2) during…and… 3) in … 不用写总分句的情况: 1) 所有饼图 2) 静态图(没有特征) commuter All statistics can be categorized into 3 groups with majority, minority and moderation. The number of employees with different degrees the changes of educational backgrounds of the employees of a company As is revealed in the line chart, the number of birth and death rates per thousand population in a developing country varied dramatically from 1900 to 1970. What is obvious is that(明显特征) As is displayed in the table, the figure of Underground Railway Systems including Date opened, Kilometers of route and Passengers per year in six cities differed. 不用写总分句的情况: 1) 所有饼图 2) 曲线既没有相交且趋势相同 3) 所有静态图且没有特征变化
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主体段大致段落要求: 1) 一般有几个图写几段,不同类型一定要分段。 2) 流程图一张图写一段。 多图之间没有联系不用写总结段。

WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table below shows the weekly earnings of men and women, graduates and non-graduates from 16 to 59 years old. Write a report for a university lecturer describing information shown below.

Weekly earnings
?600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Men

Women Graduates Non-graduates (with 2 or more A-levels)

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WRITING TASK 1(Passage 2)
The table illustrates the information of the countries of Madagascar and Mauritius around the Indian Ocean with the following statistics in 1999 Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below Madagascar 12823 2678 120 12% 97% 51% Mauritius 2189 456 360 2% 99.52% 73%

surface area(km2) population(thousands) GDP(US$ per capita) growth rate of population primary enrolment of school: secondary

WRITING TASK 1(Passage 5)
The table below shows the kilometers of route, date opened and passengers per year (unit: thousand) of the underground railway system in 6 cities.
kilometers of route London Paris Tokyo Washington Los Angles Miyazaki 1997 1503 1122 400 15 11 date opened 1878 1900 1917 1945 1967 1978 passengers per year(thousand) 1900 2400 3996 300 400 122

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Sample Writing of FAQ for IELTS Task 1
Passage 2
The table makes a detailed comparison and contrast of different items of Madagascar and Mauritius around the Indian Ocean in 1999. Madagascar was leading in the following items: surface area, population and growth rate of population, which was almost 6 times that of the Mauritius. The surface area of Madagascar reached 12823 km2 while that of Mauritius only accounted for 2189. The percentage of growth rate of population covered 12%, 5 times above that of the counterpart. However, some of the indexes were led by Mauritius. The GDP per capita of Mauritius amounted to 360 US$, three times that of Madagascar. As for the percentages of enrollment of school, Mauritius also outpercentaged Madagascar in primary and secondary school. The difference was 2.52% for primary school and 22% for secondary school. What is worth mentioning is that the indicators of wealth of a country are contradictory with the statistics of population and growth rate of population.

Passage 5
The table displays the 3 different items of underground railway system in six cities. All the statistics are compared in 3 items, kilometers of route, data opened and passengers per year. From the table, we can see the oldest underground railway system emerged in London in 1878 with the longest route of 1997. The second is the city of Paris built in 1900 with 1500 kilometers of route. Surprisingly the number of passenger per year (2400 thousand) exceeds that of the city of London (1900 thousand). The peak of the item emerges in Tokyo (3996 thousand). However, the other two items of Tokyo only lists the third. The debut city also shows a reverse situation. Miyazaki has the youngest system with fewest kilometers of route. Los Angles has the second youngest system built in 1978 with 4 kilometers longer than that of Miyazaki. What is worth mentioning is that the numbers of passengers per year is not proportionate with the kilometers of route.

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