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高考英语高三英语Unit12 Reading & Integrating skills_图文

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Reading
Education for all

Pre-reading
1. Look around your school and list all the equipment, people and plans

that are needed to run a school.

In order to run a school, we need A. buildings as classrooms and offices B. a playground for the students C.desks and chairs D.blackboards and brushes E. teachers and workers

F.a lot of other things

Choose the best heading for each paragraph G ______ Education for all children worldwide will be difficult to achieve F ______ Solving the problem of teaching quality in remote areas ______ Compulsory education for all Chinese A children D ______ Problems of number and location ______ Encouraging people in rural areas to C accept education ______ Meeting the cost E ______ Education for All --- an international target B

Which countries use the following methods to help them provide education?
Method distance learning Countries
China, the USA ,Australia
Turks and Caicos Islands
money from international organizations China, Lesotho, developing countries, least developed nations in Africa and Asia

mixed-grade classes China ,

money from local organizations

China

Careful reading

1. Why did the Chinese government introduce a law stating that by the year 2000 every Chinese child would have nine years of compulsory education? Because in China, the government realises that the future welfare of its citizens is closely linked to education.
In Para.B

2. Do all girls and boys in China share the same opportunity to accept education? Why (not)? No. In some cultures parents are particularly unwilling to send their daughters to school because the custom is to educate boys rather than girls.
In Para.C

3. What’s your understanding of the title “Education for all”?

Complete, free and compulsory primary education of good quality for all children by 2015

In Para.B

True or False F1. By the year 2000 every Chinese child had had nine years of compulsory education. school. All ”.

T2. In 2000, there were 113 million children not in
T3. The UNESCO made a goal called “ Education for T4. It is important to create a positive attitude in

agriculture areas, because it is not easy to change traditional ideas there.

5. How people are distributed can not affect the F education system.

F6. Children from countryside usually can
continue their study. Boys and girls have equal chances of education. T7. To equip schools, some developing countries rely almost completely on aid from other countries and international organizations. F8. China doesn’t receive help from some organisations. F9. Distance learning is only used in Australia. T10. In the least developed nations of Africa, “ Education for All ” will be a huge task.

China and other developing countries problems
1 2

3 4 5

solutions

China and other developing countries

Summary

problems 1. Negative attitude ( less importance ,
traditional ideas ) 2 3 4 5 solutions 1. To create a positive attitude

China and other developing countries

Summary

problems 1
2.Large population , large class sizes 3 4 5

solutions

2.Nine years of compulsory education

China and other developing countries

Summary

problems 1
2
3.Shortage of teachers 4

5

solutions
3. Distance learning ( television lessons , computerised teaching network )

China and other developing countries

Summary

problems

1 2 3 4.Lack of money 5

solutions

4. Aid from other countries , international organisations , particular programmes

China and other developing countries

Summary

problems 1
2
3 4 5. Small population –mixed – grade class

solutions

5. The Hope Project

China and other developing countries

Summary

problems 1. Negative attitude ( less importance ,

traditional ideas ) 2.Large population , large class sizes 3.Shortage of teachers 4.Lack of money 5. Small population –mixed – grade class 2.Nine years of compulsory education

solutions 1. To create a positive attitude

3. Distance learning ( television lessons , computerised teaching network ) 4. Aid from other countries , international organisations , particular programmes
5. The Hope Project

Australian,USA , other developed countries
problems 1. 2.

3.
solutions

Australian,USA , other developed countries
problems 1. Large areas and long distance 2. 3. solutions 1. Distance learning ( two– way radio , mail )

Australian,USA , other developed countries
problems 1. 2. Not the same quality of teaching.

3.
solutions 2.Computer software

Australian,USA , other developed countries
problems 1. 2.

3.Providing a full curriculum is difficult .
solutions

3.E-mail and video conferencing

Australian,USA , other developed countries
problems 1. Large areas and long distance 2. Not the same quality of teaching.

3.Providing a full curriculum is difficult .
solutions 1. Distance learning ( two– way radio , mail ) 2.Computer software

3.E-mail and video conferencing

Discussion
Are there any ways in which education in our area could be improved ?

Problems 1A class has two many students.

solutions

2.We have to pay too much money on education.
3. The relationship between teachers and students isn’t good. 4.Some equipment is out of date . 5. Ways of teaching are old.

Possible Answers :
1. I think the government of our town should organize more activities to improve the students’ health and abilities to solve practical problems.

2 We should make the best of Internet to study..
3. More libraries should be built in order to encourage more people to read and write.

4. Contests and competitions of doing practical activities can
be held to promote people’s abilities. 5. The poor should not be charged, otherwise they can not go to school.

6. Give us more free time, that is, stop giving lessons on Saturdays or Sundays.

Read and Guess
1.In 1986 , the Chinese government introduced a law stating that by the year 2000 every Chinese child would have nine years of compulsory education.
A. important B. necessary

C.absolutely

D.significant

2.The members countries made a commitment to provide “ complete , free and compulsory primary education of good quality for all children by 2015. A. agreement B. decision

3.In this areas, people do not attach importance to education , and parents are sceptical of anything that takes children away from their work on the farm.

A. are doubtful about
C. are in favour of

B. are clear about
D.are against

4.China and other countries found that in the countryside when children do start school , they have a tendency to be absent and drop out later . A. leave school B. graduate from school
C. finish middle school D.stay at school

5.Both the World Bank and save the Children have helped China with schools in less developed provinces. Corporations and private citizens also donate money through the Hope Project. A.lend B. borrow C. give D.take

6.One in three students in the United States lives in the countryside , and providing them with a full curriculum is difficult . A.most subjects
C.some subjects

B. all subjects
D. not enough subjects

Match the phrases
1)compulsory education 2)reach the target 3)be closely linked to… 4)play an important role 5)be unwilling to do 6)less than 7)spread out 8)distance learning 9)a full curriculum 10)overcome problems 分散开 全部课程 达到目标 克服困难 远程教育 与密切联系 义务教育 少于 不愿意做 发挥重要作用

1.出台一部法律 2.九年义务教育 3.达到目标 4.学龄儿童 5.上小学 6.与…密切联系 7.承诺,许诺 8.与…相同 9.首先 10.重视 11.怀疑 12.使…脱离

1.introduce a law
2. nine years of compulsory education

3. reach the target 4. school-age children 5. attend primary school 6. be closely linked to 7. make a commitment 8. be similar to 9. to begin with 10. attach importance to 11. be sceptical of 12. take sb. away from

13.改变传统观念12. change traditional ideas 14 有…倾向 13. have a tendency to 15. 辍学 14. drop out 16. 吸收,接纳 15. take in 17. 结果,导致 16. result in(cause/lead to) 18. 展开 17. spread out 19. 远程学习 18. distance learning 19.希望工程 19. the Hope Project 20. 三分之一 20. one in/out of three 21. 向…提供 21. provide sb. with sth. 22.完成目标 22. accomplish the goal

Main Idea
The passage tells us that “Education for

all” is essential for the development of a
country and some measures should be

taken to achieve the target, such as creating
a positive attitude to rural areas, having

mixed-grade classes, distance learning and
so on.

Analysis of some long and difficult sentences

1.In 1986, the Chinese government ? introduced a law(stating that by the ? year 2000 every Chinese child? ? would have nine years of ? ) compulsory education.(Para.A)

2. It is reported that 99% of school-age children in China attended primary school by 2004. (Para.A)
It is reported (said, thought, hoped and etc) that …

句型结构,通常表达“据报道(据说,人们认为,人们
希望等)”,其中句首的it是形式主语,真正的主语是 that引导的从句内容。

e.g. It is hoped that the children will carry on our family traditions. 我们期待孩子们能继承我们家族的传统。

(Para.C)
attach ... to ...(加于……之上)
4.In areas where agriculture plays an important

role, people do not attach primary importance to
education, and parents are sceptical of anything

that takes children away from their work on the
sceptical : adj. unwilling to believe something, doubtful farm.

We are sceptical of the team’s chances of winning. I am sceptical about their professed sympathy for 声称的;所谓的 the poor.

5.In the Turks and Caicos Islands, where there (

are less than 20,000 people, the number of ( )
students in some schools is so low that students ) ?

) (of several different grades are taught in the
same classroom. (Para.D)
在特克斯和凯科斯群岛,人口不足两万,有些学校里 的学生人数很少,以至于几个不同年级的学生在同一 间教室上课.

(Para.D) 6.[To solve this,] Australia uses “distance learning” methods, (where the students have lessons by two way radio and mail.)
句中where引导的是非限定性定语从句,修饰说明 methods;此类定语从句比较特别,因为其中的引导 词并非表示地点的名词,类似的名词还有case, situation, condition等。 你能想出一个使用这个成语的情况吗?

Can you think of a situation where this idiom can be used?

(Para.G)
7.In these countries (where some people do not even have fresh water or basic health care,) reaching the

target of “Education for All” will be a ?
huge task, despite help from the ?

international community.

Prep.不管, 尽管, 不论

尽管天气不好,我们的假期仍 过得很愉快。
Despite the bad weather we enjoyed our holiday.

Language points

1. load n.负荷,载重 ,装载量; [喻]负担; 重任, 工作量 The truck was carrying a load of bananas. [pl. ]许多, 大量, 一大堆 loads of friends / money 大批朋友= a load of vt / vi(常与up, with连用)装,装满,载满 We loaded the truck with bananas. 我们把香蕉装上卡车。 Load the bananas into the van / lorry. I was loaded down with the heavy luggage. 这件大行李把我压得挺不起腰来。 Don’t move ! The gun is loaded. load a camera (with film) 把胶卷装入照相机 cast [lay] the load on [upon] 把责任推给... take a load off one’s mind 消除思想负担

2. compulsory adj. 强迫的,强制的,义务的;必修的 compulsory education 义务教育 compulsory measures 强迫手段 compulsory subjects 必修科目 compulsory service system 义务兵役制 Which subjects are compulsory in your school? 在你们学校里,哪些课程是必修的? 3. commit vt. 犯罪 He must have committed a crime. 把…委托于,交付,把…投入 They committed the patient to the mental hospital. He was committed to prison. commit suicide 自杀

She didn’t want to commit herself on that matter. 对...表态 He committed himself to the antiwar movement. 委身于, 专心致志于 cf. commitment 委托,监禁,收容;犯罪; 承诺;保证; 4. to begin with 首先;第一点(理由); 起初 To begin with, we must consider the faculties of the staff all-sidedly. 首先,我们必须全面地考虑全体员工的素质。 We can't go. To begin with, it’s too cold, and besides, we have no money 我们不能去。首先, 天太冷了。

5. sceptical = skeptical adj. 怀疑论的;不可知论的;怀疑的 sceptic 怀疑论者 scepticism 怀疑论,怀疑主义 cf. suspect 嫌疑犯 / suspicious 可疑的,怀疑的 / suspicion 猜疑,怀疑 He was skeptical about the announcement by the government. l have a suspicion that she is not telling the truth. suspicious actions可疑的行为 The ignorant are suspicious.无知者多疑。 be [feel] suspicious of [about]对...怀疑 I am suspicious of that woman -- I think she may have stolen sth. from our shop.

6. tendency have / show a tendency to [towards] 有...的倾向 His health shows a tendency to improve. There is a tendency towards simpler administration. 有一个精简机构的趋势 7. drop out 辍学,掉队,退出 Teenagers who drop out of high school have trouble find jobs. 高中辍学的年轻人很难找到工作。 Peter dropped out before completing one lap of the track. 还没跑完一圈就掉队了。

drop out: leave school/university without finishing one’s courses e.g. She got a scholarship to Cambridge but dropped out later.
她得到了剑桥大学的奖学金,但后来退学了

他不得不中途退出比赛. He had to drop out of the match.

8. expand v.扩大,膨胀,增强,伸展 Metal expands when heated. 加热,金属就会膨胀。 The city’s population is expanding. The small business has expanded into a large multinational company. 发展成为一家很大的跨国公司。 expansion n. 扩充, 开展, 膨胀, 辽阔, 浩瀚 expansive(ly) adj. 扩张(性)的, 浩瀚的, 广泛的 9. distribute vt. 分配; 分给; 分类; 分布; 散布 distribute ... over ... 把...配给到[分配到, 散布于]... distribute sth. to 把某物分[配, 发]给... distribute sth. among sb. 把某物分[配, 发]给... distribute books among the students 把书分给学生

be distributed into three classes分为三类 distribute seeds over a field在田间播种 cf. distribution n.分配, 分发, 销售, 分布状态, 区分 the distribution of wealth 财富的分配 the distribution of profits 利润的分配 the distribution of insects 昆虫分类 distributive adj.分发的, 分配的, 分布的 10. donate vt. 捐赠,赠予 (contribute) donate blood to a blood bank向血库献血 donate 1, 000 dollars to school 给一所学校捐赠1, 000美元 11 aspect n. 样子, 外表, 神态; 方面; 情况, 状况;

the aspect of the whole area 全地区的面貌 consider other aspects of the matter 考虑事情的其它方面 from legal aspects 从法律的观点 discuss a subject in all aspects 12. profession n. 职业,工作(多指具有某种专业知识的工作) I think Jack should take up some other profession. 我认为杰克应该从事这一职业。 She intends to make teaching her profession. 她打算从事教学这一职业。 by profession 以…为职业,做…工作 I’m a carpenter by profession. 我的职业是木匠。

professional adj. 职业(性)的, 业务的, 专业的 professional knowledge 专业知识 professional men 专家;专业人员, 内行 13. alongside prep. 在…旁边,与…一起 The dog ran alongside me all the way. 那狗一路上跟在我旁边跑。 He parked his car alongside the fence. cf. alongside of 沿着,并排,一起 The cars were parked alongside of each other. 那些车并排停放。

14. advocate vt.拥护, 支持; 提倡; 主张; 建议; 辩护 Our premier advocates higher salaries for teachers. 我们的总理主张提高教师的工资。 cf. n.辩护者; 律师; 拥护者; 倡导者; 替人说情者 an advocate of peace拥护或提倡和平的人 15. obtain vt.(经计划,努力等)得到,获得 He finally obtained what he had always wanted. 他终于得到了他一直想要的东西。 Knowledge can be obtained through study. 知识可由学习获得。 She obtained her Ph.D degree in 1996. vt.使获得(名声,地位等) 常用于obtain sb. sth. 或 obtain sth. for sb.

The play obtained him great fame. 那出戏使他声名大噪。 16. evident adj.明白的, 明显的 It’s evident to all that he is wrong. evident / obvious / apparent 意思都含“明显的”。 evident多用于推理及抽象的事, 指“明显的”, 如: It's evident that the plan is impracticable. 很明显这计划是不能实现的。 obvious 指“容易知道或发现, 无须解释或证明的”, 如 It's obvious that a man isn't strong enough to lift an elephant. 很明显, 一个人是不能举起大象的。 apparent 含“一目了然的”的意思, 还可指“思想上容 易理解的”, 如:

It's apparent that you can't be trusted. 很显然, 你是不可信赖的。 cf. evidence n. 明显, 显著, 迹象, 根据, 证据, 证物 17. restriction n.限制,约束 The park is open to the public without restriction. 该公园无任何限制对公众开放。 He dislikes their restriction of his freedom of choice. The government placed restriction on the number of foreign cars that could be imported. 政府限制进口外国轿车。 cf. restrict vt. 限制,限定 The sale of alcohol is restricted in Britain. 在英国,酒的销量是受限制的。

cf. restrict…to… 把 …限制在 …内 We restrict membership of the club to schoolboys. 我们俱乐部的会员仅限于中学生。 He was restricted to (smoking) three cigarettes a day. 他受到限制,每天只能抽三根烟。 18. schedule n. 计划表,日程安排表 a schedule of postal charges 邮资一览表 a sailing schedule 航运时刻表 a train schedule 火车行车时刻表 a production schedule 生产进度[计划]表 What's your schedule for tomorrow ? 你明天的日程安排如何? according to schedule 按时间表; 按照原定进度 ahead of schedule 提前

The task will be finished ahead of schedule if nothing prevents. behind schedule 落后于计划或进度; 迟于预定时间 on schedule 按时间表, 准时 make a study schedule / plan 19. presentation n. 赠送; 礼物; 授予式 提出; 呈递 ; (正式)介绍, 引见 ; 上演, 演出 呈现 There is a presentation of a new play tonight. 今晚有一场新戏演出。 present adj. 现在的, 当[目]前的, 现存的; 出席的, at the present time 在目前; 现在 the present price 现价 the present case本案

n. 现在, 目前; n. 礼物, 礼品, 赠送物 at present a birthday present 生日礼物 vt. 赠送, 给予; 呈献 提出;呈递,呈现出 Allow me to present Mr. Black to you. 请允许我向您介绍布莱克先生 They presented flowers to their teacher. 他们献花给老师。 The theatre company is presenting “Romeo and Julia ” by Shakespeare next week. 剧团下星期将演出莎剧'罗密欧和朱丽叶'。 20. take in 接收,收容; 接受, 接待, 吸收, 理解, 欺骗 take it all in 注意倾听; 全部听进 They took her in for a week.他们收留了他一星期。

4. rather than: instead of, in preference而不是;宁可... 也不... e.g. I think I’ll have a cold drink rather than coffee. He ran rather than walked. They were determined to die rather than surrender. 他们宁死不屈。

Homework
Retell the text in your own words. Preview the integrating skills.

Integrating skills

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How we learn

Learning Styles Self-assessment Questionaire The following learning styles assessment will give 2 1 you a better idea of your own learning style . . . Directions: Score each statement in the columns below by giving yourself the appropriate number: Very Little Like Me 1 score A Little Like Me 2 scores Like Me 3 scores A Lot Like Me 4 scores

1. 2.
3. 4.

5.

I feel the best way to remember something is to picture it in my mind. I follow oral directions better than written ones. I am good at comparing facts and finding out their similarities and differences. I am rarely nervous when asked to answer a question (e.g. tapping pen, playing with keys in my pocket). I rarely require explanations of diagrams, graphs, or maps.

In my spare time, I like to do projects that involve using my hands (e.g. painting, constructing, using tools, etc.). 7. I always finish my work following a schedule. 8. I know where my weakness is and how to improve myself. 9. I have little difficulty in making myself understood when speaking. 10. I am good at cooperating with others. 6.

11. I am skillful at designing graphs, charts, and other oral speeches. 12. I generally talk at a fast pace and use my hands more than the average person to convey my ideas. 13. I benefit from studying with a partner or study group. 14. I am excellent at finding my way around even in unfamiliar surroundings. 15. I am good at putting jigsaw puzzles (智力拼 图)together and working out mazes(迷宫).

16. When I solve math problems I usually try to find more available ways. 17. I can find the mistakes in my written work while checking my essay.

18. When learning a new skill, I would rather watch someone demonstrate the skill than listen to someone tell me how to do it.
19. I am in the habit of reviewing the things I have learned in case I forget them.

20.I tend to take detailed notes during the discussions or lectures to review later.

21. If I have to learn how to fix something, I would rather consult a diagram than listen to someone tell me how to put it together. . 22. I have no difficulty understanding and following directions on maps. 23. I rarely make the same mistake I have done before esp. after I have been explained why and how. 24. I rarely rely on a speaker's facial expressions and body language to fully understand what they mean. 25. While reading, I often try to predict what may happen next and relate what I read to the reality.

Results of your self-assessment Below 55 You are honest. Take a close look at yourself and find the way to improve yourself. 55-69 You have got some basis but need to improve. Better consult a teacher to find methods that suit your situation. 70-84 You are doing fine. You will do better if you take it easy. 85-94 Excellent– you will be on the way to success unless you get too proud. 95-100 You are a genius! Keep up the good work.

Reading (I)
1. How many different kinds of learning styles are there? And what are they? learning through seeing, learning through listening and learning through doing. 2. Why is it necessary for the student to know his or her own learning style? He or she will be able to manage his own learning and study more effectively.

Read the passage carefully and decide which type the following study tips are suited for.

A. Learning through seeing B. Learning through listening C. Learning through doing

1.Organize a study schedule to include frequent breaks. C 2.Study in a quiet place where you can’t hear people talking. A 3.Remembering things will be easier if you put the words to music and make a little ”memory song”. B

4.Take part in class discussions and debates. B 5.Draw charts, graphs, diagrams, flowcharts, or pictures to organize A information when taking notes. 6.If possible use a computer and DVDs to help you study. A&B 7.Make presentations to classmates or discuss ideas with your classmates. B&C

8.Concentrate on similarities and differences you can observe. A&C 9.Silent reading. A 10.Study written instructions. A 11.Listen to and remember funny stories and background information. B draw and 12.Create maps, build models or design things. c 13.Take part in art projects. 14.Write about the things you have to learn.

c

C

1. In Para 1, the students are different in the following except______. E A. personalities B. abilities C. learning styles D. physical appearance E. Ages and nationality

2. In Para 2, it is evident that…Here D “evident” means_______. A. possible B. necessary C. Important D. apparent

3. These learners tend to sit at the front of the classroom. Which phrase can take the place of the underlined part?

4. What is the advantage of reading B aloud?__________. A. Help the students memorize more words. B. Draw their attention to the materials and the way things are described. C. Correct their pronunciation errors. D. Improve their reading results.

5. Of the following statements about learning through doing, which one is C wrong?_____. A.It requires their personal experience. B. They rely on practical methods, experiments and surveys. C. Students with this style find it easy to fix their attention D. They are unwilling to sit still for long.

Discussion: 1. What strategies will you adopt in learning English? 2. What measures do you think are effective and worth trying?

6. In Para 6, What does the word" suit” mean in line two?

be suitable for

Writing 假定你的一个朋友李明正在美国留学,他在语言 方面遇到了很大的障碍,请依据你自身的经验给 他写一封信, 给他一些如何学好英语的建议。字 数100左右。信的开头已经给出, Dear Liming, How is everything going?.... ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _________________________________________ _______________________________________

Homework
1. Re-read the passage HOW WE LEARN. 2. Finish the exercises in the Workbook.