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基础医学英语词汇


常见医学单词: BSL Blood Sugar Level 血糖水平 anti-coagulation 抗凝 CHF Congestive Heart Failure 充血性心力衰竭 constrict / constriction 收缩 RBC Red Blood Cell dilate / dilation 舒张 WBC White Blood Cell negative 阴性 Platelet 血小板 positive 阳性 Plasma/serum 血浆 myocardium 心肌 Consciousness 意识 coronary artery 冠状动脉 Hypoxia 缺氧 ventricle 心室 Osmotic pressure 渗透压 atrium 心房 Colloid Osmotic pressure 胶体渗透压 blood supply 血供 Spinal column 脊柱 BT bleeding time 出血时间 Acidosis 酸中毒 Alkalosis 碱中毒 CT clotting time 凝血时间 Pulmonary edema 肺水肿 water-soluble 水溶性 nerve 神经 fat-soluble 脂溶性 Oxygen 氧气 pulmonary arterial / vein 肺动/静脉 Carbon dioxide 二氧化碳 elastic 有弹性的 Stomach 胃 tissue 组织 Gastric contents 胃内容物 aorta 主动脉 Risk factor 危险因素 exchange 交换 Flushed skin 皮肤发红 gallbladder 胆囊 Pallor 苍白 lung 肺
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Dizziness 头晕 kidney 肾 Nausea 恶心 cardiac output 心输出量 Vomit 呕吐 peripheral resistance 外周阻力 Seizure 惊厥 systolic blood pressure 收缩压 Enema 灌肠 diastolic blood pressure 舒张压 Electrolyte 电解质 normal range 正常范围 Fluid and electrolyte imbalance 水电解质紊乱 capillary 毛细血管 BUN blood urea nitrogen 血尿素氮 circulatory system 循环系统 Blood gas 血气 release 释放 Hormone 激素 superficial 表浅的 Protein 蛋白质 blood volume 血容量 Albumin 白蛋白 bradycardia 心动过缓 Glucose 葡萄糖 tachycardia 心动过速 Hemoglobin 血红蛋白 valve 瓣膜 Sternum 胸骨 forearm 前臂 Rib 肋骨 breast 胸部,乳房 Liver 肝 armpit 腋窝 Spleen 脾 groin 腹股沟 Pancreas 胰腺 prevent 预防 Iron 鉄 bloodstream 血流 Calcium 钙 fiber 纤维 Magnesium 镁 acute 急性的
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Sodium 钠 diarrhea 腹泻 Potassium 钾 Antibody-antigen complex 抗原抗体复合物 Bone marrow 骨髓 myocardial infarction Transplant 移植 low-grade fever 低热 Blurred vision 视力模糊 chill 寒战 Spontaneous 自主的 urticaria 风疹 Dysrhythmia 心律不齐 inhibitor 抑制剂 GI irritation 胃肠刺激 inflammation 炎症 Intake and output 出入量 angioplasty 血管扩张术 Hypokalemia 低血钾 normal saline 生理盐水 Hyperkalemia 高血钾 circulatory overload 循环负担过重 Hypotension 低血压 shortness of breath 气短 Hypertension 高血压 restless 烦躁不安 Antihypertensive 抗高血压药 rapid and thready pulse 脉搏细速 Headache 头痛 orthopnea 端坐呼吸 Urinary retention 尿储留 pallor/ cyanosis 苍白 Angina pectoris 心绞痛 chest pain central venous pressure 中心静脉压 Sublingual 舌下的 Fowler ’s position 端座卧位 Oral 口服的 Semi- Fowler’s position 半座卧位 Topical 局部的 dyspnea 呼吸困难 Calcium channel blocker 钙离子通道阻滞剂 diuretics 利尿剂 Mucosa 粘膜 impaired 受损的
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Orthostatic hypotension 体位性低血压 pink and frothy sputum 粉红色泡沫样痰 Hypoglycemia 低血糖 yellow sputum 黄痰 Hyperglycemia 高血糖 blood-streaked sputum 血丝痰 Hypovolemia 低血容量 mucoid sputum 黏液痰 Hypervolemia 高血容量 breathing pattern 呼吸模式 Preload and afterload (心脏的)前后负荷 sterile 无菌的 Dehydration 脱水 container 容器 Uric acid 尿酸 cool clammy skin 皮肤湿冷 Sign 体征 preventive 预防性的 Symptom 症状 bronchitis 支气管炎 Symptom free/ asymptomatic 无症状 pneumonia 肺炎 Monitor 监测 concentration 浓度 Constipation 便秘 barrel chest 桶状胸 Skin rash 皮疹 distended neck vein 颈静脉怒张 Heparin 肝素 external irritant 外界刺激物 Warfarin 华法林 endocrine system 内分泌系统 Hemorrhage 大出血 insulin 胰岛素 Therapy 疗法 absorption 吸收 Alcohol 酒精 reabsorption 再吸收 Anemia 贫血 shock 休克 Folic acid 叶酸 trauma 外伤 Allergic reaction 过敏反应 complication 并发症
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Bile 胆汁 compensatory 代偿的 Bile acid 胆汁酸 Cholesterol 胆固醇 Obesity 肥胖症 Stuffy nose 鼻塞 collect sputum and blood specimen for culture and sensitivity tests 收集痰血标本做 细菌培养和药敏 COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 慢性阻塞性肺疾病 DM Diabetes Mellitus 糖尿病 Gestational diabetes 妊娠糖尿病 Ketone body 酮体 Ketoacidosis 酮症酸中毒 Insulin resistant 胰岛素耐受 Carbohydrate 碳水化合物 Mechanism 机制,机理 IDDM (Type 1) insulin-dependant diabetes mellitue 胰岛素依赖性糖尿病 NIDDM (Type 2) non-insulin-dependant diabetes mellitue 非胰岛素依赖性糖尿病 Glucose Tolerance Test 糖耐量试验 Oral anti-diabetic medications 口服降糖药 PVD peripheral vascular disease 外周血管病 Arterioatherosclerosis 动脉粥样硬化 CAD coronary artery disease 冠心病 CVD cerebral vascular disease 脑血管病 Polyuria 多尿 Ulcer 溃疡 Gangrene 坏疽 Fatigue 疲乏 Blurred vision 视力模糊 Fasting blood sugar 空腹血糖 2-hour post-prandial glucose 餐后两小时血糖 Hemoglobin 血红蛋白 Metabolic acidosis 代谢性酸中毒 Respiratory acidosis 呼吸性酸中毒 Ketonuria 酮尿 Sweet breath odor 烂苹果味呼吸 Mental confusion 精神错乱 Slurred speech 说话含糊不清 Wound healing 伤口愈合 Renal function 肾功能 Renal failure 肾衰 Uremia 尿毒症 Creatinine 肌酐 Urea 尿素
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Internal 内部的 External 外部的 Itching 痒 BUN blood urea nitrogen 血尿素氮 Carbon dioxide combining power 二氧化碳结合力 Urine gravity 尿比重 Bleeding tendency 出血倾向 Injury 外伤 Patency 开放,通畅 Bed sore 褥疮 Skin care 皮肤护理 Paraplegia 截瘫 Pacemaker 起搏器 Elevate 抬高 Pitting edema 凹陷型水肿 Sodium-restricted diet 限钠饮食 Interstitial space 组织间隙 Extremity 四肢,肢端 Deficiency 缺乏,不足 Blood transfusion 输血 GI irritation 胃肠刺激 Pleural space 胸膜腔 Fluctuate 波动 Kink 弯曲,折住 Water-seal chamber 水封瓶 Subcutaneous emphysema 皮下气肿 Airtight 密封的 Sharp pain 锐痛 Dull pain 钝痛 Burning pain 灼痛 Radiating pain 放射痛

各科室名称: medical department; department of internal medicine: 内科 surgical department; department of surgery: 外科 department of obstetrics and gynecology : 妇产科 ophtalmology department: 眼科 dental department: 牙科 ENT(ear-nose-throat)department: 耳鼻喉科 urology department: 泌尿科 dermatology department; skin department: 皮肤科 orthopedic surgery department: 矫形外科 traumatology department: 创伤外科
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plastic surgery: 整形外科 anesthesiology department: 麻醉科 pathology department: 病理科 cardiology department: 心脏病科 psychiatry department: 精神病科 orthopedics department: 骨科 department of cardiac surgery: 心脏外科 department of cerebral surgery: 胸外科 neurology department: 神经科 neurosurgery department: 神经外科 thoracic surgery department: 脑外科 department of traditional Chinese medicine: 中医科 registration office: 挂号处 out-patient department: 门诊部 in-patient department: 住院部 nursing department: 护理部 consulting room: 诊室 waiting room: 候诊室 emergency room: 急诊室 admitting office: 住院处 operation room: 手术室 X-ray department: 放射科 blood bank: 血库 dispensary; pharmacy: 药房 ward: 病房 laboratory: 化验室牤 Department of Nephrology 肾内科 Department of Chemotherapy 化疗科 Department of Radiotherapy 放疗科 Department of Endocrinology 内分泌科 Respiratory medicine 呼吸科 Rheumatology 风湿科 Hematology 血液科 Geriatrics 老年科 Neurology 神经科 Oncology 肿瘤科 Thoracic surgery 胸外科 Urology 泌尿外科 Neurosurgery 神经外科 Vascular surgery 周围血管外科 Gastroenterology 肠胃外科 Hepatobiliary surgery 肝胆外科 General surgery 普外科 Orthopedics 骨科
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Cardiovascular surgery 心外科 Burns surgery 烧伤科 Hand surgery 手外科 Plastic surgery 整形外科 Pediatric surgery 儿外科 Obstetrics and gynecology 妇产科 Stomatology 口腔科 Ophthalmology 眼科 Infectious disease 感染科 Dermatology 皮肤科 Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) 耳鼻喉科 Nuclear medicine 核医学科 Psychiatry 精神科 Medical rehabilitation 康复科 Anesthesiology 麻醉科 Radiology 放射科 Ultrasonography 超声科 Pain management 疼痛科 Pharmacology 药理科 Internal Medicine 内科

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常见护理英语 80 句
一.Receiving the patient(接待病人) 1.How do you do? / Good morning! 您好! (初次见面时使用)/早上好! 2. What can I do for you? /Can I help you? 您需要我帮助吗? 3.I’ll bring you to your bedside, please follow me. This is your bed.. 我要领您到床边去.请跟我来.这是您的床位. 4.The toilet is over there. 卫生间在那边 5.We supply hot water. 我们供应热水 6.Please wait a moment. I’ll let your doctor know. / I’ll inform your doctor. 请等一会儿,我去通知医生. 7.Mary is the nurse /doctor in charge of you.玛丽是您的负责护士/医生 8. Please let us know if you need any help. 您需要帮助时,请告诉我们. 9. Smoking is not allowed here. 这里不允许吸烟 二.information collection (收集信息) 10.Do you mind if I ask you a few questions? 您介意我问您几个问题吗? 11. We need some information from you. 我们需要从您这儿收集一些信息. 12. Is your tummy still sore? 您的肚子还疼吗? 13. Does your pain come on after or before meals? 您的疼痛是在饭前还是饭后发作? 14. Does it hurt to pass urine? /when I press here? 排尿时痛吗?/ 当我按压这儿时痛吗? 15. Does your back ache? 您的后背痛吗? 16.Do your feet swell? 您的脚肿了吗? 17. Do you have a cough/fever? 您咳嗽吗?/ 您有发热吗? 18. Do you bring up any sputum? 您咳痰吗? 19. Is there any radiation of the pain? (to the shoulder)有放射(到肩部的)痛吗? 20. How long have you had the pain? 您的痛有多长时间了? 21. When did the pain start? /where is your pain? 疼痛从什么时候开始的/什么地方疼痛? 22. Are your periods regular? 您的月经规则吗? 三.Physical examination(查体) 23.Will you please undress for medical examination? 请您脱下衣服做体检好吗? 24. Take off your clothes, please. 请把衣服脱下来 25.Lie down on the couch, please. /Just lie still on the couch and relax. 请躺在治疗床上./ 请安静地躺在治疗床上,放松. 26.Bend your knees, please. 请屈膝. 27.Open your mouth and say ’ah" 张开口, 说: 啊 28.Beathe deeply, please./take a deep breath, please.请深呼吸 29.May I examine your tummy, please? 我要检查下您的肚子, 好吗? 30.Roll up your sleeves, please. 请卷起袖子. 四.Communication. (交流) 31.I am going to take your temperature./Please put the thermometer under your armpit.
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我要测一下您的体温/请把体温计放在您的腋下. 32.Let me feel your pulse.让我测一下您的脉搏. 33. I’ll test/take your blood pressure. 我要测量您的血压. 34. I’m afraid I have to prick your finger and take a drop of blood for blood sugar level. 我要取一滴指血做血糖测定, 需要刺一下手指. 35. I’ll take some blood from your arm now. 现在我要从您的胳膊抽血. 36. Don’t take any thing by mouth after midnight until the blood is drawn tomorrow morning. 半夜之后不要吃喝任何东西,明天早上抽血. 37. Please bring a specimen of your urine/stool/sputum./ please collect your mid-stream specimen of urine. 请留一份尿/便/痰的标本/请收集您的中段尿. 38. Please have your blood and urine tests done. 请做一下您的血和尿试验. 39. You are going to have a CT-scan of your chest/head today. 今天您要做一个胸部/头部 CT. 40. You are going to have a chest X-ray this morning. 今天早上您要拍一个胸片. 41. You are going to have a B-mode ultrasonic exam. Please keep your bladder full. 您要做 B 超检查,请留尿,使膀胱充盈. 42. You are going to have an gastric endoscopy tomorrow morning. Please don’t eat or drink anything after 12 o’clock tonight. 明天上午您要做胃镜检查,今晚 12 点之后,请不要吃喝任 何东西。 43. You are going to have urine catheterization now. 现在您需要导尿. 44. I’m going to do an ECG for you. 我要给您做心电图. 45. I’m going to put a gastric tube into your stomach, this is for gastrointestinal decompression. 我要放胃管到您的胃内,这是胃肠减压. We can feed you the necessary nutrients through the tube. Please swallow the tube as I put it down. 我们通过胃管给您必要的营养.当我放管时,请做吞咽动作. 46. I’m going to make your bed. / we’ll change the bed linen at once.我要给您整理床铺/我们马 上给您换床单. 47.I’ll apply a cold(hot) compress to your ankle.我要给您的踝部冷/热敷 48.An operation will be done tomorrow/ an emergency operation must be done now. Will you please sign to give your permission for your operation? 明天将做手术/现在马上做急 诊手术. 同意手术请您签字好吗? 49. I’m going to shave your skin. / I’m going to do skin preparation for you. 我要给您做备皮/我 要给您做皮肤准备。 50. You’re going to have a local/general/epidural anesthesia. 要给您做局麻/全身麻醉/硬膜外麻 醉. 51. Are you allergic to any medication?/ penicillin?您对什么药物/青霉素过敏吗? 52. I’m going to do a skin test of penicillin for you./ If you feel itchy or short of breath, please let me know at once. I’ll see the result in fifteen minutes. /I’m going to do a tetanus hypersensitive test for you. 我要给您做青霉素皮试. 如果您感到痒或气短,请立刻告诉我./我十五分钟后看 结果./我要给您做破伤风皮试. 53. I’m going to give you an intramuscular injection./intravenous infusion/hypodermic injection. 我要给您做肌肉/静脉/皮内注射 54.I’m going to give you an enema to help you pass motion.我要给您灌肠, 帮助您排便
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55.The doctor will change your dressing. /The doctor will remove your stitches.医生要给您换药/ 医生要给您拆线. 56.I’m going to give you oxygen now. 我要给您吸氧 57.I’m going to give you nebulization.我要给您(雾化)吸入. 58. I’m going to do bladder irrigation for you.我要给您做膀胱冲洗 59.You have to rest in bed for at least one week 您至少要卧床休息一周. 60. How are you today? How was your sleep last night? How is your appetite? 您今天怎么样?您昨晚睡得怎么样?您的食欲怎么样? 61. Did you pass motion yesterday? /Are your bowel movements normal? 昨天您排便了吗?/您 的大便正常吗? 62. What color of your urine? 您的尿液什么颜色? 63. How much urine do you pass each time? 您每次排尿多少? 64.You will have skin/cervical traction.要给您做皮肤/颈部牵引 65. Take more exercises. /Do some light work, have a happy outlook, avoid excitement and too much worry. Be careful not to stumble. 多做锻炼/做一些轻体力活动,保持良好的心态,避免 兴奋和过度忧虑,小心不要摔倒 66.You are going to have a blood transfusion.要给您输血 67.The results are normal.结果正常 68.You are suffering from ~/Your disease was diagnosed as ~您的病诊断为~ 69.You have to stop smoking and alcohol.您必须戒烟、戒酒 五.about medication and nutrition(关于药物和营养) 70.Take two tablets three times a day after/before food.饭前/饭后服,每日三次,每次两粒. 71.Take the medicine with a lot of water.服用此药,要多饮水. 72.I’ll give you an injection twice a day.我要给您注射,每日两次. 73.This medicine is used for preventing infection/treating infection/relieving your pain/protecting your stomach/supplying nutrients/ bringing down your temperature/ intracranial pressure/stopping bleeding/ 这种药是为了预防感染/治疗感染/减轻疼痛/保护您的胃/提供营养/降低体温/降低颅内压/停 止出血 74.You should have a low fat/ low salt/ light diet/high caloric diet/high protein/soft diet/liquid food. 您的进食应该是低脂/低盐/轻淡/高热量/高蛋白/软食/流食的食物 75.Please take some more nourishing food.请食营养多的食物.

1. What can do for you?你有什么事? 2.May I help you?我能帮你什么忙? 3.Please take a seat! please sit down!请坐下. 4.Wait a moment, please.请等一等. 5.Sorry to have kept you waiting. 对不起让你久等了. 6.It is not serious.病情不严重. 7.Don’t worry. There is nothing to worry about. 不必顾虑。 8.You need a thorough examination.你需要做一个全面检查. 9. You will have to stay in hospital for several days. 你需要在医院里住几天. We think that you
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had better be hospitalized 我们认为你最好住进医院来。 10. You should stay in bed for a few days. 你需要卧床几天. 11. You can keep on working. You can carry on with your work. 可以继续工作。 12. You should be very careful for a week or two 这一两周内,你需要很注意。 13. Try to relax and keep calm.尽量放松保持镇静。 14. You’ll soon be all right.你很快就会好起来的. 15. 1’m sure this medicine will help you a great deal.这药对你肯定会很有效的. 16. Feeling well again is a rather slow process,I’m afraid. 恐怕痊愈将是一个很慢的过程. 17. You will have to wait for twenty minutes.你需要等 20 分钟. 18.Complete recovery will take a rather long time.彻底恢复需要一段很长的时间。 19. You will have to come here for periodical check-ups.你需要定期来门诊检查. 20. If you feel worse, please come back to the clinic right away. 要是你觉着病加重了,就请 马上来门诊。 21.If you feel worried, don’t hesitate to go to the clinic anytime, day or night. 你要觉着难受, 无论白天黑夜都赶紧上医院看去. 22.I’ll come right away. 我马上就来. 23.I’m going to make arrangements for your admission.我去给你安排住院. 24.Please come with your interpreter next time.下次请带翻译来。 25. Do you understand what I’m saying?你明白我的话吗? 26.Is there anything else you would like me to explain to you?你看在哪些方面还需要解释呢? 27. Shall I explain it again? 需等我海解释一遍吗? 28.If the trouble persists come back again.要是情况还不见好,就请你再来门诊吧。 29. There doesn’t seem to be anything serious, but we’11 take an x-ray just to be certain.不 象有什么严重情况,但还是要拍张 x 线片肯定一下。 30. Please wait until we get the result of the x-ray (blood test) .请等一下,我们需要看一下 X 线片(验血)的结果。 31. It’s difficult to say just now exactly what’s wrong. 现在还不好说是什么问题。 32. This is quite common among people of your age.在您这样岁数人当中,这可太寻常 了. This often happens to people of your age. 这种情况经常发生在你这样岁数的人. This often occurs at your age.这就经常出在你这种岁数上。 33. This kind of illness usually occurs among people whose work requires a lot of concentration (who undergo a lot of stress) .这种病通常发生在工作要求精神高度集中的(精神紧张的) 人们当中。 34.I suggest you do some light exercises. 我建议你做些轻微的锻炼。 I suggest you have a course of acupuncture. 我自颇胞一个疗程的针灸. I suggest that you get physiotherapy treatment. 我建议你作理疗。 I suggest that you take Chinese herbs. 我建议你吃中药。 35.I would like to transfer you to the gynecology (surgery,dermatology, urology department。我 要将你转到妇科(外科、皮科、泌尿科)去. 36. Your WBC(RBC, hemoglobin,urine stool,sputum) should be checked.你的白细胞 (红细胞,血红蛋白,尿,大便,痰)需要检查一下. 37. A smear should be taken.需要做个涂片. A culture should be done. 需要做个培养。 38. Please don’t eat anything tomorrow morning before blood test.明早查血以前不要吃东西。 39. Please wait for the result of your hemoglobin test.请等一下你的血红蛋白化验结果. 40. What’s your trouble?你哪里觉着不好?
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41. How long have you been feeling unwell?你不舒服多久了。 42. What medicine did you take? 你吃的是什么药? 43.Have you taken any medicine?你吃过什么药吗? 44.Did you take your temperature?你试过体温吗? 45.Do you smoke (drink)? 你吸烟(喝酒)吗? 46. Have you any temperature (a cough, a bed headach)? 你发烧(咳嗽,剧烈的头痛)吗? 47.Have your ever had jaundice (low grade fever,any chronic ailments, cold sweats at night, attacks of asthma)? 你有过黄疸(发低烧,任何慢性病,夜间出冷汗,哮喘发作)吗? 48.Do you suffer from heartburn stomachaches (loose bowel movements, chest pains)? 你的胃 有过烧心感(稀便,胸痛)吗? 49. Do your want to have your tooth extracted (tooth filled, dressing changed, blood pressure checked?你要拔牙(补牙,换药,量血压)吗? 50.Let me examine you please.我给你检查一下. 51.Please take off your shoes and lie down.请脱鞋,躺下. 52,Please unbutton your shirt and loosen your belt.请解开上衣的扣子,松开腰带. 53.Please take off your trousers. 请脱下裤子. 54. Please lie on your back (stomach, right side, left side) 。请仰卧(俯卧,右侧卧,左 侧卧) 。 55.Please bend your knees. 请屈膝. 56.Please relax.请放松. 57. Please breathe deeply(normally) .请深呼正常呼吸) . 58. Please stick out your tongue. 请伸出舌头. 59.Please let me feel your pulse. 让我摸摸你的脉搏。 60.Let me take your blood pressure 我给你量一下血压. 61.Pleas,lift your left leg(right leg) 请抬起你的左腿(右腿) . 62. Please open your mouth and say “Ah". 请张开口说“啊” 63. It is normal(essentially normal) .结果正常(基本正常) . 64.Have you ever received any treatment before?你以前治过吗? 65. Has it gotten worse?情况变坏了吗? 66.Has it happened before? 这种情况以前发生过吗? 67. Are you feeling better?你觉着好一些吗? 68.Is the pain getting less? 疼痛减轻些了吗? 69. Does it still hurt?还疼吗? 70.How long have you had this pain?你从什么时候开始有这种痛的? 71. What kind of pain is it?是什么样的痛? 72. Please tell me something of your past illnesses.请告诉我你过去的病史。 73. Is there any blood in your stool (urine, sputum)? 你的大便里(尿里,痰里)有血吗? 病人常用英文表达: 1、 I'm not feeling well. 我觉得不舒服。 2、 I'm feeling very bad. 我觉得很不舒服。

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3、 I don't feel myself lately. 我最近感到不舒服。 4、 What shall(should) I do? 我该怎么办? 5、 Should I stay in the hospital? 我需要住院吗? 6、 The pain seems less. 我的疼痛有些减轻。 7、 Will it go away by itself ( soon)? 它能自然(很快)痊愈吗? 8、 When shall I come back? 我什么时候再来? 9、 Will there be a recurrence? 这病会复发吗? 10、Does this medicine have any side-effects? 这药有副作用吗? 11、What kind of food should I eat? Should I have a special diet? 我应该吃什么样的饮食,我需要吃特别的饮食吗? 12、Will surgery necessary? 需要做手术吗? 13、Will it take long to recover? 很久才能恢复吗? l4、Is it right to move around and do some exercises? 可以在地上走走,锻炼锻炼吗? 15、Is it serious? 情况严重吗? 16、Is there any danger? 有危险吗? 17、What could be the cause? 可能是什么原因呢? 18、What should I do if I have another attack? 我若是再犯,该怎么办呢? 19、Isn't there any good medicine for it? 没有什么好药吗? 20、What kind of medicine is this? 这是一种什么药呢? 21、I hate injections, Can I take the medicine orally? 我不喜欢打针,能吃些口服药吗? 22、Can it be cured? 能治好么? 23、Will it get worse? 能变坏吗? 24、What could it be? 可能是什么病呢?

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25、What do you think? 你认为怎样? 26、Can anything be done for pain? 对于这种疼痛,有没有办法呢? 27、Whateverr you say. 听从你的意见。 28、Since two or three weeks. 大约两三周前。 29、About when? 大约在什么时间了? 30、Is it contagious? 这病传染吗? 31、I feel dizzy(feverish, shivery, sleepy, like vomiting, nauseous itching, weak, irritated). 我感到头晕(发烧,发冷,发困,想吐,恶心,痒,虚弱,急躁) 。 32、I have pils(a bad cough, a dry cough, a sore stomach a pain in the small of my back). 我有痔疮(剧烈的咳嗽,干咳,胃痛,腰背部痛) 。 住院就诊词汇: 检查 Examination 入院 Admission to Hospotial 出院 Discharge from Hospital 症状 Symptom 营养 Nutrition 病例 Clinical History 诊断 Diagnosis 治疗 Treatment 预防 Prevention 健康诊断 General Check-up 过敏 Allergy 呼吸 Respiration 便通 Bowel Movement 便 Stool 血液 Blood 脉搏 Pulse, Pulsation 尿 Urine 脉搏数 Pulse Rate 血型 Blood Type 血压 Blood Pressure 麻醉 Anesthesia 全身麻醉 General Anesthesia 静脉麻醉 Intravenous Anesthesia 脊椎麻醉 Spinal Anesthesia 局部麻醉 Local Anesthesia 手术 Operation
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切除 Resectionlie 副作用 Side Effect 洗净 Irrigation 注射 Injection X 光 X-Ray 红外线 Ultra Red-Ray 慢性的 Chronic 急性的 Acute 体格 Build 亲戚 Relative 遗传 Heredity 免疫 Immunity 血清 Serum 流行性的 Epidemic 潜伏期 Incubation Period 病毒 Virus 消毒 Sterilization 抗生素 Antibiotic 脑波 E.E.G 洗肠 Enema 结核反映 Tuberculin Reaction 华氏 Fahrenheit 摄氏 Celsius, Centigrade 药品 Medicine 冰袋 Ice Bag 药品 Medicine (Drug) 绷带 Bandage 胶带 Adhesive Tape/plaster 剪刀 Scissors 体温计 Thermometer 药丸 Tablet, Pill 舌下锭 Sublingual Tablet 胶囊 Capsules 软膏 Ointment 眼药 Eye Medicine 止咳药 Cough Medicine 阿司匹林 Aspirin 止疼药 Pain Killer 药方 prescription 日常用品及设备 托盘 Tray [痰杯]Sputum cup [试管]Test tube
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[输液架]Infusion support [输液滴速监护仪]Infusion drip monitor [微泵]Micropump [手术台]Operating table [无影灯]Shadowless lamp [裂隙灯]Slit lamp [手术刀]Scalpel [丝线]Silk sutures [引流管]Rubber drainage [手术衣]Operating gown [工作服]Overalls [手术床单]Operating sheet [口罩]Mask [止血钳]Hemostatic forceps [持针钳]Needle holder [敷料钳]Dressing forceps [无齿镊]Smooth forceps 有齿镊 toothed forceps [组织镊]Tissue forceps [麻醉机]Anesthesia machine [心电图机]Electrocardiograph [X 线机]X-ray machine [呼吸机]Ventilator [吸引器]Suction [牵引器]Tractor [抢救车]Rescue carrigae [担架]Stretcher [床边监护仪]Bedside monitor [除颤仪]Defibrillator [救护车]Ambulance [起搏器]Pacemaker [高压氧仓]Hyperbaric oxygen chamber [耳镜]Otoscope [鼻镜]Rhinoscope [眼底镜]Ophthalmoscope [食道镜]Esophagoscope [纤支镜]Bronchofiberscope [纤维胃镜]Gastrofiberscope [直肠镜]Proctoscope [腹腔镜]Peritoneoscope [结肠镜]Sigmoidoscope [膀胱镜]Cystoscope [显微镜]Microscope [胸穿包]Thoracentesis set
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[腰穿包]Lumbar puncture set [骨穿包]Bone marrow puncture set [腹穿包]Abdominocentesis set [静切包]Venosection set [输血包]Transfusion set [冰箱]Refrigerator [微波炉]Microwave oven [血压监护仪]Blood pressure monitor [自动血压机]Automatic blood pressure meter( ABPM) [听诊器]Stethoscope [血压计]Sphygmomanometer (Blood pressure gauge) [体温表]Thermometer [压舌板]Tongue depressor (spatula) [针头]Needle [注射器]Syringe [棉签(球)]Cotton stick (ball) [绷带]Bandage [弹力绷带]Elastic bandage [橡皮绷带]Esmarch`s bandage [止血带]Tourniquet [纱布]Gauze [敷料]Dressing [夹板]Splint [橡皮手套]Rubber glove [沙袋]Sand bag [冰袋]Ice bag [热水瓶]Hot water bottle [便盆]Bedpan [尿壶]Urinal [导尿管]Catheter [肛管]Rectal tube [扩张器]Dilator [胃管]Gastric tube [洗胃管]Lavage tube [吸氧管]Oxygen tube (cylinder) [三腔二囊管]Sengstaken-Blakemore tube [视力表]Visual testing chart [保温箱]Incubator [石膏床]Plaster bed [被单]Sheet [被褥]Bedding [毛毯]Blanket [尿布]Diaper

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[枕套]Pillow case [床头柜]Bedside table [毛巾]Towel [脸盆]Basin [梳子]Comb [牙膏]Tooth-paste [牙刷]Tooth-brush [橡皮圈]Rubber cushion [气垫床]Air cushion bed [台秤]Scale [电筒]Flashlight [剪刀]Scissors 药品及处方的常用医学名词: drug 药物(常指毒品) a substance that doctors put into your body to treat a disease or medical problem, in most cases it refers to an illegal substance. take / use drugs, be on drugs 服药 drug abuse 滥用药物 drug user 用药者 medicine 药物(尤指液体药物) a substance you take to treat an illness, esp. a liquid. take medicine 服药 medicine bottle 药瓶 medicine cabinet 药柜 cough medicine 咳嗽药 medication 药物[c/u] drug that you take to treat or cure an illness. take medication 服药 be on medication 服药 prescription 处方 prescription medication 处方药 OTC drug 非处方药 write out a prescription 开处方 Have the prescription filled 抓药 make up a prescription 配药 Value the prescription 划价 prescribe sb. sth, prescribe sth for sb 为某人开药(方) On/by prescription 凭处方 expiry/expiration date 有效期 Active ingredient 有效成份 inactive ingredient 辅料 Store at room temperature 室温/常温保管 internal medicine 内服药 external medicine 外用药 For internal use 内服 drug label 药品说明标签
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