Unit 7 Job Interview
How can we stand out from the crowd of job applicants?
? How can you leave a good impression to your interviewers?
?Have you got some tips for Job Interviews? ?Do you know how to answer some typical questions properly?
How to be a Successful Interviewee?
To be a successful interviewee requires
? self-confidence ? good communication skills ? preparation. ? honest self-assessment ? practice in answering typical interview questions ? mastery of the techniques of impressing management
Understand the purpose of the interview, plan or anticipate the questions you will ask and be asked, understand your goals, and be able to communicate them clearly.
?Most likely, the first and often a lasting impression of a person is determined by the clothes he wears. The job applicant should take care to appear wellgroomed(干净利落的) and modestly dressed, avoiding the extremes of too pompous(浮夸的） or too casual attire.
Demonstrate effective listening skills.
Problems occur in interviews when either the interviewer or the interviewee fails to listen closely to what the other is saying. If participants listen carefully and are not thinking merely about what they plan to say next, the interview has a better chance of being productive.
Have conviction Ask and answer questions and express your opinions with enthusiasm. If you aren't excited by your ideas, skills, and abilities, why should anyone else be? Be flexible Prepare as much as you can. Don't just memorize statements. Think things thoroughly, but be prepared for questions or answers you didn't anticipate. Be able to adjust to the other person's style and pace.
Pay attention to the nonverbal signals sent to you and by you. Be sure they convey positive, not negative messages. Give the other person your total attention.
Tips for Job Interviews
? Prepare and over-prepare
? It is assumed that you don't go in with egg on your tie, spinach in your teeth, or without a thorough knowledge of the organization and position for which you are interviewing. Beyond that, there's an important principle that will enable you to be much more confident. It's called, "over-preparing." It goes like this: Plan your strategy--your answers to all the possible questions you may be asked or the challenges that may be thrown at you-and then practice, practice, practice. Role play and repeat your best responses until they are entirely natural.
? Be particularly clear on what you know and what you want to achieve
? If your interview is resume-based (you've had to supply a resume either before or concurrently), have the facts of your stated objective, relevant experience, education, etc. thoroughly memorized and mentally supported. As to your job objective, be clear on what you want, as well as what you don't want. There's little room in the job market for the applicant who's willing to take anything; he or she will usually get nothing!
? Be clear about your strengths ? You're almost certain to be hit with questions concerning your strengths and weaknesses. Know your strengths and emphasize those that relate specifically to the position for which you're being considered. If, for example, you're applying for a sales position, you might describe one of your strengths (if it's true) as follows: "I've made a study of personality types and I've learned to quickly type people in terms of the kinds of approaches that might best attract them." Be prepared, in this case, to back up your claim if the interviewer suddenly asks: "What type would you say I am?"
? Describe your weaknesses as strengths
? This is tricky question. The interviewer probably wants to learn several things about you with this question, such as: whether or not you are arrogant ("I really don't think I have any weaknesses"), whether you know yourself ("Well, I've never really thought about that"), Here are two ways to answer this question so that you leave a positive impression in the mind of the interviewer
(a) Show that you've overcome a weakness. If, for example, there's a period in your chronology that just doesn't fit (say that you took a job selling cars between jobs as an accountant ... it happens!), you might tell the interviewer: "One weakness, which it took me some time to overcome, was that I really wasn't sure that I wanted to be an accountant. For example, in 1988-90, I worked as a car salesman. I did so because I couldn't decide if I wanted to make accounting my career. That experience taught me that I really didn't want to sell products, and that I was much more challenged by the opportunity to solve client problems.
? (b) Pick a weakness that is really a strength.
If, for example, you're interviewing for a job in an organization you know it is hardcharging and unforgiving of average performance, you might say, "One of my weaknesses is that I tend to be impatient with people who aren't willing to pull their full weight and give 110%." In this case, your "weakness" may help you get the job.
? Have clear personal standards
? This is also very tricky because, on the face of it, the question doesn't seem to have much to do with the immediate interview. Today, however, many organizations are looking for people who DO have standards regarding their personal and professional lives, who can articulate them clearly and concisely, and who live by them. In this case, the briefer, the better. "I don't take on projects unless I can give them 100% dedication." "I respond in specifics and avoid meaningless generalities." "I am committed to life-long learning and growth."
? Don't allow yourself to be badgered by the salary issue
? The real issue, and the only one at stake here, is whether or not your prospective employer is willing to pay WHAT YOU ARE WORTH. And, your worth is a function of the job itself and your capability and willingness to perform it. So, to sum it up: Know the range of compensation for the job you're seeking, make your own realistic determination of what you're worth, and then be prepared to stand your ground
Interview Tips ? Do not smoke ? Do not chew gum, or eat garlic beforehand. ? Wear suitable interview clothes. ? Take copies of your CV with you. ? Arrive on time for your job interview. ? Any applications handed before the interview
- What salary do you expect? 你希望的薪水是多少？ - Have you ever done this kind of work before? 你以前做过类似的工作吗？ - I don’t mind if I start with a low salary because it is my first time hunting for a job and I lack experience. 我不介意刚开始的薪水低，因为这是我第一次找工作，而且我缺 乏工作经验。
- I sent my CV to dozens of companies but nobody has gotten back me yet. 我发了至少几十份简历，可是没一个回复我。 - What makes you think that you would be successful in this position? 你怎么知道你能胜任这份工作？ - The successful applicant must be hardworking, responsible and honest. 应聘者需工作勤奋，诚实有责任心。
- If anything turns up I’ll contact you. 如果有什么机会我会跟你联系的。 - We’d like to offer you the job. 我们录用你了。 - Do you think you are the right candidate for this position? 你认为你是这个职位的合适人选吗？ - I’ve got a lot of experience in this area. 在这一方面我有丰富的经验。
- That’s great! When would you like me to start? 太好了！什么时候上班。 - Thank you for coming. We’ll let you know as soon as possible.谢谢你来应聘， 我们会尽快给你答复的。
1. Personal Data
3.Work Experience 4.Prize＆Certificate 5. Self-assessment
name 姓名 birth date 出生日期 birth place 出生地点 age 年龄 native place 籍贯 province 省 city 市
nationality 民族，国籍 address 地址 current address 目前地址 postal code 邮政编码 home phone 住宅电话 Tel.电话 gender 性别 male 男 female 女 height 身高 weight 体重
marital status 婚姻 状况 married 已婚 single/unmarried 未婚 health condition 健康状况
Able to work under high pressure and time limitation. 能够在高压力下和时间限制下进行工作。 Ability to deal with personnel at all levels effectively。 善于同各种人员打交道。 Be highly organized and efficient． 工作很有条理，办事效率高。 Willing to learn and progress． 肯学习进取。 Good presentation skills. 有良好的表达能力。
Mature，dynamic and honest． 思想成熟、精明能干、为人诚实。 Work well with a multi-cultural and diverse work force. 能够在不同文化和工作人员的背景下出色地工作。 Energetic，fashion-minded person. 精力旺盛、思想新潮。 With a pleasant mature attitude. 开朗成熟。
3. Job experience.
?Many jobs require experience. ?You can get some work experience through volunteer work, unpaid work or part-time job, these experience will be beneficial in your job search.
4. Amount of time.
?Don’t expect to find a job within a few days or weeks. ?Devote time to your job search. ?A thorough job search is a hard work. Expect to spend several hours a day looking for a job.
?Answering ads, using search firms, contacting companies directly, surfing the Web. ?Even if a job is not perfect for you， every interview can be a positive experience.
?You may say to yourself: “the job is mine and I am getting it” even if you were competing with 50 or 100 other applicants. ? Being as confident as possible and positive can be quite powerful in helping you achieve your goal.
Expressions for Unemployment
1. I got fired. 我被炒鱿鱼了。 2. I got the boot. 我被开除了。 3. I got the ax. 我被开除了。 4. I got sacked./ I got the sack.我被开除了。 5. They kicked me out. 他们把我踢出来了/把我开除了。 6. My boss showed me the door yesterday.
Expressions for Unemployment
7. I was canceled. 我被开除了。 8. I was laid off. 我被解雇了。 9. The boss told me that I don‘t have to come in tomor row, or any other day. 老板告诉我说，我明天或以后都 不必来公司了。 10. My boss told me to find a "better" job.老板叫我“另 谋高就”
Job Application Letter
? the basic structure of an ordinary letter and an application letter
? Ordinary letter
? ? ? ? ? ? Return address Date Inside address (not always) Salutation Body Signature
? Application letter:
? Return address ? Date ? Full address (including title) for the person to whom you are writing ? Salutation ? Introduction ? Body ? Conclusion ? Signature ? Enclosure