精 剖 析 · 重 点 词 汇 Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia Section Ⅱ Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary-Language Points 学 业 分 层 测 评 巧 突 破 · 核 心 句 型 frightening adj.吓人的;可怕的 (教材 P31)It has lasted for ten hours and was very frightening. 它持续了 10 个小时并且非常可怕。 (1)fright n. frighten vt. frighten sb. into doing sth. (2)frightened adj. be frightened at/of... be frightened to do sth. 惊吓,恐怖 (使)惊恐 恐吓某人做某事 感到恐惧的;害怕的 害怕…… 害怕做某事 frightening frightened (fright)to ①The ____________ (fright) news made all of them ____________ death. 这个令人惊恐的消息把他们吓得要死。 ②He ____________ (fright)the old man into giving him all the money. 他恐吓那位老人把所有的钱都给了他。 to go (go) out ③Because of her last terrible experience, she is frightened _________ frightened at night. 因为上次那个可怕的经历,她现在晚上不敢出门了。 cut down 砍倒;缩减;降价 (教材 P31)Deserts are also created because people cut down trees and dig up grass. 人们砍伐树木和铲除草地也会导致沙漠的形成。 cut in cut off cut out cut up 插嘴;打断 切断;阻断;隔绝 裁剪;删掉 切碎 ①He cut down the tree and cut it up for firewood. 他把树砍倒,又把它劈成烧火用的小柴块。 off . ②Because of the terrible earthquake, the electricity of the city has been cut____ 由于可怕的地震,城镇里的供电被中断了。 in while others are talking. ③Don't try to cut ____ 别人谈话时不要插嘴。 be caught in 突然遭遇(风暴等) (教材 P32)“To have been caught in a sandstorm was a terrible experience,” he said. 他说:“被困在沙尘暴中的经历真是太可怕了。” (1) be caught in=be trapped in=be stuck in 遭遇…… (2)catch sb.doing sth. be caught doing sth. 发现/撞见某人正做某事 被撞见做某事 ①Tom was caught cheating in the final exam. 汤姆在期末考试中作弊被抓了。 Caught (catch) in a heavy snow, he didn't get there in time. ②________ 因为被困在了大雪中,他没有及时赶到这儿。 stealing ③I caught the boy ____________ (steal) fruit from our orchard. 我撞见那个男孩在偷我们果园里的水果。 [ 名师点津] be caught in 的主语往往是被困住的人或物,作状语或定语时,要用过去分 词形式 caught。有类似用法的短语还有:be lost in 埋头于,be addicted to 沉迷于 等。 strength n.[ U] 力量,力气 [ C] 长处;优势 (教材 P32)The Chinese Central Weather Station can forecast a sandstorm some weeks before it arrives in Beijing,but the strength of the storm sometimes surprises people. 中国中央气象局能在沙尘暴到达北京前几个周进行预报,但风力大得有时 让人们吃惊。 (1)have the strength to do 有做……的力气/意志力 build up one's strength 增强体质 (2)strong adj. strengthen v. 坚强的;强壮的 加强 ①Practising Chinese kungfu can not only build up one's strength, but also develop one's character. 练中国功夫不但能增强体质,还能培养一个人的品质。 ②To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know strengths(strong) and weaknesses. their ___________ 为了使团队中成员表现更好,教练首先要了解他们的优点和缺点。 to climb ③I don't have the strength __________ (climb)any further. 我没有力气再往上爬。 are stre