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小学英语语法一般过去时(包括练习)


语法专题一般过去时
一.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时 也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。 一般过去时常与表示过去的时间状语连用。大体可分为如下几类: ⑴ yesterday、the day before yesterday (前天)、the other day (前几天)、in the old days (在过去的 日子里) ⑵ just now (刚才)、this morning/afternoon/evening ⑶ ago (a while ago—方才、刚才 two days ago—前两天、a few days ago—前几天、long long ago —很久很久以前) ⑷ last night / week / Sunday / weekend / month / winter / year / century(上个世纪) ⑸ once upon a time (很久以前)、before(在……之前,如:before liberation 在解放前) ⑹ at + 一个时间点 (at the age of 10——在 10 岁是时候)、then (= at that time) (当时) ⑺ When 引导的时间状语从句(When I was 8 years old,当我八岁的时候) 二.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。(were not=weren’t) ⑶带有 was 或 were 的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和 is, am, are 一样,即否定句在 was 或 were 后加 not,一般疑问句把 was 或 were 调到句首。 三.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时的句子 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 一般疑问句:在句首加 did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。如:Did Jim go home yesterday? 特殊疑问句: ⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?如: What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过 去式?如:Who went to home yesterday? 四 . 动词过去式变化规则: 1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked 2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:taste-tasted 3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如: stop-stopped 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变 y 为 i,再加-ed,如:study-studied 5.不规则动词过去式: am,is 是——was are 是——were begin 开始——began build 建筑——built buy 买——bought run 跑——ran say 说——said speak 讲话——spoke spend 花钱——spent see 看见——saw stand 站立——stood sweep 打扫——swept
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swim 游泳——swam take 拿到——took teach 教——taught tell 讲述——told think 思考——thought

will 意愿——would write 写——wrote sing 唱歌——sang sit 坐——sat sleep 睡觉——slept come 来——came copy 拷贝——copied do 做——did draw 画——drew drink 喝——drank

drive 驾车——drove eat 吃——ate feel 感觉——felt find 找寻——found fly 飞——flew forget 忘记——forgot get 得到——got give 给予——gave hear 听——heard keep 保持——kept

know 知道——knew learn 学习—learnt, learned let 让——let make 做——made mean 意思——meant meet 见面——met put 放——put read 读——read ride 骑——rode ring 响——rang

6.情态动词的一般过去时 情态动词的一般过去时态要使用它们的过去式,后面的动词还使用原形。 can —could (能,会) have to―had to (不得不) will―would ( 将 要 ) 用 于 所 有 may ―might (可以) shall―should ( 将要 ) 仅用于 人称 must―must (必须) 第一人称单数

综合练习
一、写出下列动词的一般过去时 is\am_______ study_______ drop_______are _______ play_______go_______does_______ help_______ ask _______ watch_______ eat_______put _______read_______make _______have_______do _______has_______come_______ sit_______ go _______ enjoy _______ buy _______ eat _______get _______ walk _______take _______ dance _______write _______ run _______ swim _______ find _______begin _______ eat _______ study _______ 二、选择题 ( ) 1. We ______ an English play a moment ago. B. sees C. saw

A. see (

) 2. Liming ________ last Sunday morning. B. cuts hair C. is cutting

A. cut hair (

) 3. He ________ the clothes yesterday. C. don’t washed

A. didn’t wash B. didn’t washed ( A. is (

) 4. It ______ a windy day yesterday. B. was C. am

) 5. What ______ you usually(经常地) do on the weekend? B. do C. did

A. are (

) 6. He ______ his grandparents last Sunday.
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A. visit (

B. visited

C. visits

) 7. Where did you go _______? B. now C. just now -- Yes. I ________ football. C. played

A. tomorrow (

) 8. – Did you play football? B. plays

A. play (

) 9. __________you__________ to school last Sunday? B. Do, come C. Were, come

A. Did, come (

) 10. ______ he ______ football last weekend? B. Did, play C. Did, plays

A. Did, played

三.择正确的词,把下列句子补充完整。 1. I _____________ (ask / asked / is asking) him a question yesterday. 2. Tom _____________ (read / is reading / reads) English now. 3. Did you ______________ (water / watered / waters) flowers last week? 4. Let’s _____________ (get / got / getting) on the No. 1 bus. 5. We often ___________ (watch / watches / watched) TV at home. 6. Judy didn’t ____________ (went / go / going) to school yesterday. 7. His dad ______________ (works / worked / is working) hard every day. 8. There ____________ (were / are / was) some trees near houses two years ago. 9. My cousin ____________ (studies / studied / study) in a middle school in Guangzhou. 10. Mr. White _____________ (came / comes / is coming) China last year. 11. She is going to ___________ (have / had / has) a big party this Sunday. 12. Where did you ____________ (meet / met / meeting) Miss White. 13. They wanted to ___________ (go / went / going) to Beijing last week. 14. Look, Tom ____________ (watches / watched / is watching) TV in the living-room。 15. What ___________ (did / does / is) the girl do this morning? 16. It ____________ (will be / was / is) rainy tomorrow. 17. Sally usually ______________ (is going / goes / went) to school on foot. 18. ___________ (Are / Do / Did) you often fly a kite? 19. It’s 2:30 in the afternoon, the children ___________ (make / made / are making) a model ship. 20. I’m ___________ (do / did / doing) some reading in the classroom.
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21. Is Yongxian ____________ (cleans / cleaned / cleaning) the house? 22. That girl can __________ (sing / sings / sang) English songs 23. They will __________ (climb / climbed / climbing) Baiyun Mountain this weekend. 24. My sister likes ___________ (swims / swam / swimming) very much. 25. Did you _____________ (play / playing / played) TV games last night? 26. My uncle ____________ (lived / lives / is living) on the third floor. 27. Ben will ___________ (is / was / be) all right tomorrow. 28. Where __________ (is / was / are) she after school yesterday? 四.句型转换 1. The children had a good time in the park. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:________________________________________ 2. There were about nine hundred people at the concert. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:________________________________________ 3. Ann did her homework yesterday evening. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:________________________________________ 4. Last week I read an English book. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:________________________________________ 肯定/否定回答:____________________________________ 5. My brother was in the park just now. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:________________________________________ 五、用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month. 2. Mike _________________(not go) to bed until 12 o'clock last night. So he ______ (get) up late. 3. Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning. 4. Tom ___________ (begin) to learn Chinese last year. 5. My mother ________________ (not do) housework yesterday. 6. There ____________ a telephone call for you just now. (be) 7. -When _______ you _________ (come) to china? 8. _________ (be) it cold in your city yesterday?
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-Last year.

9. How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term? 10. There ________ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I _________ (have) no time to watch it. 六、改错题(请改正每个句子中的一个错误) 1.How is Jane yesterday? _________________________________________ 2.He go to school by bus last week. ________________________________ 3.He goes home at 6:00 last month. ________________________________ 4.I can fly kites seven years ago. ___________________________________ 5.Did you saw him just now. _______________________________________ 6.Tom wasn't watch TV last night. ________________________________ 7.I did not my homework yesterday. _______________________________ 8.He wait for you three hours ago. _________________________________ 9.Who find it just now? ____________________________________________ 七. 翻译下列句子 1. 我过了一个忙碌但却刺激的周末。 _________ _________ __________ __________but exciting weekend. 2. 上周六他们做什么了?他们做作业和购物了。 What ________ they _________ _________ Saturday? They _________ __________ homework and _________ ________ __________. 3. 今天早上方方得做饭,因为昨晚他父亲不在家。 This morning Fangfang _______ _______ _______ _______ because his father _______ ________ ________ yesterday. 4. 他在打扫教室的时候,发现地上有块表。 When he ______ the classroom, he ______ a watch on the ground. 5. 他什么时候出生的?1980 年。 ---When _______ he _______ ---_______ 1980.

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