课外阅读语段 20160912 七年级 Passage 1 On September 4 and 5,China held the G20 Leaders Summit (峰会) in Hangzhou. Leaders of the G20 members not only talked about world issues, but also had a taste of Chinese culture. The logo of the summit shows Chinese architectural (建筑的) culture. The logo looks like a bridge. “I got the idea from the old arched bridges (拱桥) at the West Lake,” said the designer Yuan Youmin. “Bridges link people and places in many different ways, just as the G20 brings east and west together.” Chinese food also pleased many foreign guests with its culture. At the welcome dinner to the member leaders there was one famous dish - Dongpo Rou. Song Dynasty (960-1279) poet Su Dongpo made the dish first. Su once lived in Hangzhou.

Passage 2 Each August in Australia, children dress up as their favorite book characters and come to school. What are they doing? They are taking part in Book Week. Schools and public libraries across Australia spend a week celebrating books. Everyone dresses up in costumes (服装), even the teachers. Snow White, Robin Hood, Peter Pan and gladiator (角斗士) are popular characters. Some students try hard to have the best costume. And teachers develop activities or make competitions. This is to show how important reading is. Children’s Book Council chairperson Margot Hillel said reading books will always bring great joy. “Children love turning the pages of a real book and sharing it with an adult,” she said.

Passage 3 After working all night long, Hank is robbed (抢劫) and killed as he leaves his office. The police find three suspects (嫌疑人). Two are Hank’s coworkers (同事) and one is a taxi driver. The police only told them that Hank was killed in front of his office around 7 am. Here is what the suspects say to the police. Coworker 1: “Hank and I worked all night. When I left at 6:30, he was still alive.” Coworker 2: “I was just coming to work at around 7 am. I didn’t see anyone leaving the building.” Taxi driver: “I came around 7 am. I saw the body and called the police.” Q: Who killed Hank? Answers: Coworker 2. On being told about Hank was killed in front of his office at 7 am, people usually would think he is coming to work. Coworker 2 somehow knew Hank was leaving the building. He might be the killer.

8 年级 Passage 1 China came into the world’s focus because of the G20 Leaders Summit (峰会) in the last few days. Leaders of the G20 members met in the city of Hangzhou. As they talked about world problems, they also experienced Chinese culture. President Xi Jinping used Chinese poems (诗歌) in his speech at the welcome dinner to the leaders. “Up in heaven there’s paradise, down on earth there are Suzhou and Hangzhou (上有天 堂, 下有苏杭),” Xi said of the host city. He also described the beautiful West Lake as “Green lotus leaves outspread as far as boundless sky;pink lotus blossoms take from sunshine a new dye (接天 莲叶无穷碧,映日荷花别样红).” The logo (标志) of the summit looks like a bridge, and it shows Chinese architectural (建筑 的) culture. “I got the idea from the traditional arched (拱形的) bridges at the West Lake,” said the designer (设计师) Yuan Youmin. “Bridges connect people and places in many different ways, just as the G20 brings east and west together.” Chinese dishes (菜肴) also impressed many foreign guests with their cultural meaning. At the welcome dinner to the member leaders, Dongpo Rou was one special dish. Song Dynasty (960-1279) poet Su Dongpo first made this dish. Su was also an official in Hangzhou. There was another famous dish – Longjing tea fried prawns (虾仁). Longjing or dragon’s well is a kind of green tea that only grows in Hangzhou. It grows best with water from a special well. The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) emperor Qianlong once drank from it.

Passage 2 When you put the words “police” or “worker” on your phone, you get see emojis (表情符号). But they are all men. When it comes to women, you only get a princess and a bride (新娘). Things will change soon. Eleven professions (职业) with new emojis for both men and women will come out by the end of the year. There will be emojis of farmers, scientists, teachers and rock stars, according to the Unicode Consortium. This group decides the new emojis. The plan comes from an idea of US company Google. It asks for gender equality (性别平等) at work. “No matter where you look, women are getting recognition (认可) as never before,” Google said. “Emojis should show that women play a key role in every way of life and in every profession.” Emojis are becoming more and more important among online users, said Google. According to it, 92 percent of online users use emojis. Of those, 78 percent of women often use them, compared to 60 percent of men.

9 年级 Passage 1 When is the best time for us to enjoy the bright moon? Of course, it is Mid-Autumn Festival, one of the most important festivals in China. This year, the festival is on Sept 15. We look at the moon, eat moon cakes, and get together with our families. The tradition is thousands of years old. The moon, the key part of the festival, is special to most Chinese people. We enjoy and admire it. We use the round and crescent moon (新月) to describe reunion (团聚) and separation. Our admiration to the moon can date back to ancient times. The legend (传说) of Chang’e flies to the moon is the most famous story about the moon. What’s more, many Chinese poets (诗 人) connect the moon with nostalgia (乡愁). For example, “Beside my bed a pool of light. Is it hoarfrost (霜) on the ground?” from Jing Ye Si (Thoughts in the Silent Night) by Tang Dynasty poet Li Bai. Today, the moon is still important to Chinese people. The miao minority (少数民族) in Guizhou province has a special custom. On the night of Mid-Autumn Festival, young people dance under the moon to find their other half. However, Western people see the moon differently. In legends, the full moon is somewhat scary to people. The most well-known legend is the werewolf (狼人). A werewolf usually looks like a human, but changes into a wolf-like creature (生物) when there is a full moon. Also, if someone is very excited or even crazy about something, others may joke, “It must be a full moon.”

Passage 2 What is the fastest way to go to Canada? The answer may be “Gone With the Wind”. Recently, about 1,500 US people took part in the annual Port Huron Float Down event (休伦港漂 流活动). They started from St Clair River. The river lies on the border (边境) between Michigan, US and Ontario, Canada. Suddenly, they were hit by strong rain and winds and blown across the border into Canada. Some attempted to swim back to the US. That’s because they realized that they had landed in a foreign country without documentation (证明文件) or ID. Luckily, the Canadian Coast Guard saved them. No one was injured.

Passage 3 If you’ve ever thought your dog could understand what you’re saying, you may have been right. Researchers in Hungary have studied the brain activity of dogs and found that they understand not only the words we speak, but also how we say them. For the study, dogs wore headphones and listened to recordings (录音) of their trainers’ voices (声音). The trainers spoke to them in both praising (such as “well done”) and neutral ways (such as “however”). The words were also in different tones (音调). Some were praising and some were neutral. Brain scans of the dogs showed that they could recognize individual words, as well as the tone of speech, much as humans do. The positive words spoken in a positive tone caused the strongest activity in the brain’s reward centers (反应中枢).