山东省枣庄市 2018 届高三第二次模拟考试英语试题（有答案）
第I卷 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时， 先将答案标在试卷上。 录音内容结束后， 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在 试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读 一遍。 1. How will the speakers go to the bookstore? A. By bike. B. By bus. C. By taxi.
2. Where does the conversation take place? A. In a plane. 3. What did the woman do? A. Went to the hospital. B. Took care of the injured. C. Picked up a friend’s son at school. 4. When will the party lake place? A. At 7:15 pm. B. At 7:30 pm. C. At 7:45 pm. B. On a bus. C. In a taxi.
5. How did the man feel about the news? A. Excited. B. Worried. C. Doubtful.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后， 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Which does the woman like best? A. The bedroom. B. The living room. C. The kitchen.
7. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Husband and wife. B. Salesman and customer. C. Colleagues.
听下面一段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What is the man going to do? A. Go camping. 9. Where did the woman go last time? A. Qinghai Lake. B. A national forest. C. A wildlife park. B. Go hunting. C. Have a hiking.
听下面一段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where does this conversation probably lake place? A. In a job interview. 11. What does the woman do now? A. She’s a tailor. B. She’s a secretary. C. She’s a college student. B. In an office. C. In a classroom.
12. What is the woman’s advantage for her employment? A. She likes traveling. B. She’s interested in cooking. C. She’s good at dealing with numbers. 听下面一段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where did the man spend his vocation? A. On the beach. 14. What is the weather like in Florida? A. Cold. B. Changeable. C. Sunny. B. In the mountains. C. In the forests.
15. What made the woman feel unsatisfied! A. The weather was cold. B. It was rainy all day long. C. The trip was very tiresome.
16. What did the woman like best during her vocation? A. The fresh air. B. The night sky. C. The warm weather.
听下面一段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How did the woman first get to know koalas? A. She saw them on TV. B. Her parents told her about them. C. She saw them on her trip to Australia. 18. What did the woman say about koalas? A. They look like cats.
B. They don’t climb trees. C. They eat a lot. 19. How long can koalas live? A. 7 years. B. 10 years. C. 17 years.
20. What has caused the decrease of numbers of koalas? A. They are injured by other animals. B. They living places are damaged. C. They are killed for their fur. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Time for an adventure? Are you a hit bored with your nine - to - five routine? Have a look at our exciting range of holidays and decide what type of adventure you’d like. Activity holidays Our activity holidays are for everyone, people who love danger or who just like sports. We have a huge variety of water, snow or desert holidays. We’ll take you SCBA diving in the Red Sea or kayaking and white water rafting in Canada. If you prefer snow, you can try skiing or snowboarding in the Alps or even igloo — building. For those who like warmer weather, we also have sandboarding (the desert version of skateboarding) or camel safaris. Polar expeditions Take a cringe to Antarctica or the northern Arctic; explore a Land of white natural beauty and wonderful wildlife. Our experts will explain everything about the two poles as you watch the penguins in Antarctica or whales and polar in the Arctic, There’s no greater adventure than travelling to the ends of the earth. A once-in-a-lifetime experience. Cultural journeys Our cultural journeys will help you discover ancient civilizations: India, Thailand, Egypt and many more. Visit temple, palaces and ancient ruins ~just remember to bring your camera! Get to know local ways of life by exploring markets, trying exotic foods and meeting local people. Wildlife holidays
We organize small - group tours to gel closer to nature in Africa, Asia or South America. Go on safari in Africa and watch lions and giraffes. Meet the famous turtles off the Galapagos Islands. Look for tigers in India, or take an elephant safari in Sri Lanka. We use local guides and stay in a range of accommodation, from tents to trees houses. 21. Which would you prefer if you are a sports - lover? A. Wildlife holidays. C. Polar expeditions. 22. What can a tourist do during a cultural holiday? A. Appreciate ancient buildings. C. Get closer to nature. 23. What is the purpose of this text? A. To introduce ways of relaxation. C. To recommend different holidays. B Every day, Americans throw away 500 million plastic straws, enough to circle the Earth twice. They are almost never recycled, and simply contribute to the great problem of plastic pollution; eight million tons of plastic is dumped into the oceans every year. Plastic straws are now the target of a growing movement to reduce their use. Possibly the first of such campaigns, Be Straw Free was started in 2011 by Milo Cress, who was only nine years old at the lime. “I noticed that whenever I ordered a drink at a restaurant, it would usually come with a straw in it, and I don’ I usually need a straw,” he said. “This seemed like a huge waste. Straws are made of oil, a precious and finite resource. Is making single - use plastic straws, which will be used for a matter of minutes before being tossed away, really what we want to do with this resource?” Cress started asking restaurants in Burlington, Vermont, where he lived at the time, to stop providing straws automatically to customer and make them optional instead. Many agreed and his request made ripples (涟漪) nationwide. The restaurants that make the switch report a reduction in the number of straws they use between 50 and 80%. The anti - straw sentiment has crossed borders into the UK, where straws have been included in a government plan to ban ail plastic waste by 2042. Last year large pub chain Wetherspoons announced that it would replace plastic straws with paper alternatives across 900 outlets. After the announcement, many smaller chains and pubs across the country followed suit. B. To share traveling experience. D. To give advice on traveling. B. Watch lovely animals. D. Have extreme sports. B. Cultural journeys. D. Activity holidays.
According to Wetherspoons CEO John Hutson, the move will save 70 million plastic straws a year and the reaction from patrons has been “very positive”. Offering alternatives or making plastic straws optional, rather than banning them completely, is a common trait among these campaigns. “There are many other viable alternatives to single - use plastic drinking straws that are less harmful to the environment, wildlife and humans,” said Jackie Nunez, founder of The Last Plastic Straw. 24. What can we learn from Paragraph 1? A. Plastic straws are too costly to produce. B. All plastic straws are dumped into the sea. C. Plastic straws are too small to be recycled. D. Plastic straws cause great pollution. 25. What did Milo Cress ask his local restaurants to do? A. To make plastic straws optional. C. To charge the use of plastic straws. B. To stop the use of plastic straws. D. To reject the request for plastic straws.
26. What is the Wetherspoons’ effort to reduce the use of plastic straws? A. To ban the use of plastic straws. C. To offer customers alternatives. B. To close some of its outlets. D. To seek the government’s support.
27. What is the Wetherspoons customers’ attitude towards the move? A. Uncaring. B. Favorable. C Nowadays there is less and less contact between the old and the young. There are many reasons for this, but the result is the same: increasing numbers of children without grandparents and old people who have no contact with children. And more old people who are lonely and feel use- less, along with more and more families with young children who desperately need more support. It’s a major problem in many societies. That’s why intergenerational programmes, designed to bring the old and the young together, are growing in popularity all over the world, supported by UNESCO and other local and international organisations. There are examples of successful initiatives all over the world. Using young people to teach IT skills to older people is one obvious example. Using old people as volunteer assistants in schools is another, perhaps reading with children who need extra attention. One successful scheme in France is combining a residential home for the elderly with a creche/nursery school in the same building. The children and the residents eat lunch together and share activities such as music, painting, C. Ambiguous. D. Disapproving.
gardening and caring for the pets which the residents are encouraged to keep. In the afternoons, the residents enjoy reading or telling stones to the children and, if a child is feeling sad or tired, there is always a kind lap to sit on and a cuddle (依偎). There are trips out and birthday parties too. The advantages are enormous for everyone concerned. The children are happy because they get a lot more individual attention and respond well because someone has lime, for them. They also learn that old people are not different or frightening in any way. And of course, they see illness and death and learn to accept them. The residents are happy because they feel useful and needed. They are more active and more interested in life when the children are around and they take more interest in their appearance too. And the staff are happy because they see an improvement in the physical and psychological health of the residents and have an army of assistants to help with the children. 28. What is the social problem talked about in Paragraph 1? A. A generation gap. C. Intergenerational contact. B. Caring for children. D. The support for the aged.
29. What do the programmes mentioned in Paragraph 2 aim to do? A. Make the old take care of children. B. Help the old people learn new things. C. Encourage the young to care for the old. D. Increase contact between the old and the young. 30. What is special about the scheme in France? A. Joining an elderly house with a kindergarten. B. Hiring old people as child - care workers. C. Helping children face misfortunes bravely. D. Using children to accompany the old. 31. In which aspect does the scheme benefit the old? A. It builds up their strength. C. It creates a family atmosphere. D As self — driving cars come closer to being common on American roads, much of the rhetoric (说辞) promoting them has to do with safety. About 40,000 people die on U. S. roads every year, and driver errors are linked to more than 90 percent of crashes. But many of the biggest advocates of autonomous vehicles aren’t car B. They live a healthier life. D. They are closer to their relatives.
companies looking to improve the safety of their existing products. Huge backing for self - driving technologies is coming from Silicon Valley giants like Google and Apple. Those of us who have studied the relationship between technology and society tend to look more carefully at the motivations behind any technological push. In this case, it’s clear that in addition to addressing safety concerns, Silicon Valley firms have a strong incentive (动机) to create a new venue for increasing the use of their digital devices. Every minute people spend on their mobile phones provides data - and often money - to tech companies. At present, digital devices and driving are in conflict: There are serious, often fatal, consequences when drivers use smartphones to talk or to text. Regulators and safety advocates look to resolve dial conflict by banning phone use while driving - as has happened in virtually every state. But the tech companies are taking a different approach. The obvious answer for Silicon Valley is creating an antomobile in which continuous cellphone use no longer poses a threat to anyone. In recent years, the amount of time adults spend on their mobile devices has grown rapidly. At the moment, it’s around four hours a day for the average adult in the U. S. However, that rapid growth is likely to slow down as people run out of time that ’ s available for them to use their devices. Unless, of course, there’s a new block of time that suddenly opens up. The average American now spends about 48 minutes in a car every day, a sizable opportunity for increased cellphone use. So as the public conversation around autonomous cars highlights the safety advantages, don’t forget the tech industry ’ s powerful desire for more profits, which goes well beyond simply saving us from ourselves. 32. Who are responsible for most traffic accidents in America? A. Car companies. C. Drivers. B. Tech companies. D. Self - driving cars.
33. What is Silicon Valley’s motive for promoting self - driving technologies? A. To make more money. C. To limit the use of digital devices. B. To reduce traffic accidents. D. To support car companies.
34. What is the present - day solution to the conflict between digital devices and driving? A. Teaching people traffic rules. B. Fixing digital devices in cars. B. Improving self-driving technologies. D. Banning phone use while driving.
35. What does the underlined phrase “a new block of time” possibly refer to? A. The working time. C. The time spent in the car. B. People’s spare time. D. The time spent on mobile devices.
第二节（共 5 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How similar are language and music? Language is part of our daily lives, no matter where we live in the world. play a huge role in our culture and here are some of their similarities. ? Both language and music have a writing system. In English we record language using the alphabet, which is a collection of letters. Similarly, we use notes to keep a record of music. Musicians read notes and create meaning in the form of music. 37 By writing pieces of 36 Both language and music
text or music, we are able to share experiences through time. We can read the ideas or hear the composition of someone who lived hundreds of years ago. ? 38
You can make a good guess at where someone is from by listening to the language they use. In the same way, we know that styles of music are different around the world, giving us the opportunity to explore many different cultures through their music and providing us with music for every situation. ? Both share emotion. 39 Of course you may be able to see it in my face, but you will know for sure through my words.
Similarly, music can sound angry, sad or happy. Music can show you exactly how the composer was or is feeling, and allows us to share in that emotion. When you feel happy, you might want to sing and dance to a happy song to celebrate your happiness. 40 I think we have all used music to express or process our emotions, often
combining it with language in the form of song lyrics. A. Both are expressive. B Both vary with culture. C How do you know that I am angry? D. We use language to express our thoughts. E. So just as you read English, you can read music. F. Similarly, music is part of many people’s lives. G. In contrast, you probably also listen to sad music when you are feeling down. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白的最佳选项，并在答
题卡上将该项涂黑。 As a child I was always goad at drawing and art. I won — 41 , got constant attention, and even saw my face in the 42 and on television because of my natural ability to 44 46 43 . 45 47 to take it and run with it. seemingly had a ton of
Most people who Of course, ray life was no
to come across something that they are good at are . From teachers, to principals, to family members,
advice to give me in regards to art. All the while, my true desire was 48 . I entered poetry, essay, and short - story contests and 50 experience! It was so bad that I 52 51 49 them
all. It was such a contrast from my artistic
a good friend of mine
tell me once, “If you are so good at drawing why do you even care about writing? Though well intended, eighteen years later I’m still writing and still occasionally entering honorable 55 53
I didn’t take his words to heart Years went by with me
54 . It wasn’t until my first year in college that I finally got 56 .
in a poetry contest. As a writer I’ve truly 57
I’m sure there are things in your life that are comes to things you truly love is come 60
and yet, rewarding. Endurance (忍耐), especially when it 59 to the “thing” that didn’t
58 . Take some time to devote some more
and see what happens. B. awards B. school B. act B. mean B. invited B. different B. who B. fixing B. ignored B. competition B. made B. Take in B. sorry B. contests B. chance C. supports C. newspaper C. learn C. agree C. developed C. similar C. that C. writing C. missed C. career C. found C. Stick to C. sad C. articles B. mention D. success D. book D. show D. happen D. permitted D. lucky D. no one D. music D. lost D. talent D. met D. Put away D. sure D. trouble C. name
41. A. praise 42. A. street 43. A. draw 44. A. want 45. A. encouraged 46. A. perfect 47. A. everyone 48. A, art 49. A. won 50. A. interest 51. A had 52. A. Give up 53. A. glad 54. A. training 55. A. appearance
56. A. forgot 57. A. challenging 58. A. meaningless 59. A. consideration 60. A. young
B. regretted B. beautiful B. popular B. energy B. bad
C. expected C. appealing C. essential C. money C. usual 第 II 卷
D. grown D. hopeful D. painful D. education D. easy
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 The ancient wisdom of Confucius is timeless. His thinking However, English teaching seems to be one place 62 61 (lead) the Chinese for thousands of years.
his wisdom is forgotten. 63 (struggle) to learn
I came to China 6 years ago, and quickly saw the plight (困境) of so many students English. They know a lot “about” English, 64
they never master the language. They learned far more grammar 65 (recite) sentences and
than students in Western cultures and almost no oral training. They were made
passages from their books. Their teachers were spending 90% of the class talking to them “about” English in Chinese. All effective language teaching in the world is built 66 the basis of oral language. Students who excel in
English are those that follow the wisdom of Confucius: they use language! They use it primarily by speaking and listening, 67 (eventual) supplemented (补充) by reading and writing. 68
Every language is taught by gaining speaking competence long before grammar, reading and writing (introduce). Chinese students work so hard. practice, they would have the 70 69
they learned English with correct spoken instructions and classroom
(high) English scores in the world and they would conquer English.
第四部分 写作（版权所有：百强校英语解析团队专供）（共两节;满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错 误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 I don’t remember exact how old I was when I began to ride a bike. I only remembered how I practiced riding a bike in early years. When I first successfully rode a bike, that remains a vivid memory, my brother helped me with holding the back seat of the bike while I was riding. “Wow, I did it!”, cried I, as soon as he noticed I was riding without his hands hold it! I learnt quickly, and soon, even though my feet were not touching the ground, but I was able to cycle around six kilometer a day to school! It’s so lovely to remember which happened at that time. 第二节 书面表达（版权所有：百强校英语解析团队专供）（满分 25 分） 假定你是李华，某外语学校学生会主席。为弘扬中华传统文化，学生会拟举办一次英语征文比赛。请你 用英语写一通知，欢迎同学参加。内容如下： 1. 活动目的； 2. 内容话题：丝绸之路； 3. 征文长度：约 300 词； 4. 交稿日期：3 月 28 日前。 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以便行文连贯； 3. 短文中不得出现本校或地区名称。
山东省枣庄市 2018 届高三第二次模拟考试 英语试题答案
选择题（满分 100 分） 第一部分：听力（每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 1—5 ABCBA 6—10 CACBA 11—15 BCABA 16—20 BCCCB 第二部分：阅读理解（每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 21—25 DACDA 26—30 CBCDA 31—35 BCADC 36—40 FEBCG 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 41—45 BCADA 46—50 BACDB 51—55 ACABC 56—60 DACBD 非选择题（满分 50 分） 第二节（每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 61. has led 62. where 63. struggling 64. but 65. to recite 66. on 67. eventually 68. are introduced 69. if 70. highest 第四部分：写作（共两节;满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） I don’t remember exact how old I was when I began to ride a bike. I only remembered how I practiced riding a exactly remember
bike in ∧ early years. When I first successfully rode a bike, that remains a vivid memory, my brother helped me my/the which
with holding the back seat of the bike while I was riding. “Wow, I did it!”, cried I, as soon as he noticed I was riding by I
without his hands hold it! I learnt quickly, and soon, even though my feet were not touching the ground, but I was holding 删除 but
able to cycle around six kilometer a day to school! It’s so lovely to remember which happened at that time. kilometers 第二节：书面表达(满分 25 分） 略 what