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高考英语翻译练习


这部以真人真事为原型的电影很感人。(base) The movie based on a true story is very moving. 众所周知,知识始于实践。(begin) It is known to all that knowledge begins with practice 一直要想方设法讨好老板,真让我厌烦。(bore) I’m really bored with trying every means to please my boss all the time. 这个获胜者冈她的画而获得了一等奖。(award) The winner was awarded the first prize for her picture. 做志愿者的经历让我受益匪浅。(benefit) ①I benefit a lot from the experience of working as a volunteer ②The experience of working as a volunteer benefits me a lot. 无论你到何处,都要牢记在心:人国问禁,人乡随俗。(bear) Wherever you go,bear in mind that when in Rome,do as the Romans do. 一些减肥广告已经在电视上停播了。(ban) Some ads on losing weight have been banned from being broadcast on TV. 人们普遍认为吸烟有害健康。(It. .) It is generally believed that smoking does harm to health. 显而易见,这个国家的人每时每刻都可喝到新鲜牛奶。(available) Obviously,fresh milk is available to the people in the country at any moment 昨天发生的事怪不得孩子们。(blame) The children are not to blame for what happened yesterday. 由于大雾,从上海飞往北京的航班延误了近两小时。(because of) l cause of the heavy fog,the flight from Shanghm to Beijing was delayed nearly two hours 正要付钱的时候,我的信用卡不见了。(when) When 1 was about to pay the money,I couldn’t find my credit card. 那本蓝封面的词典不是我的。(belong) The dictionary whose cover is blue doesn’t belong to me 我想你不是很清楚这对我有多重要。(aware) I don’t think you are fully aware(0f)how much this means to me 这部历史小说引人人胜,我简直爱不释手。(bear) The historical novel is so attractive that I can’t bear putting it down. 他从图书馆借了一些参考书而不是侦探小说。(borrow) He borrowed some reference books rather than detective novels from the library 过了许多年这一秘密才被泄露出来。(before) It was many years before the secret was finally revealed. 我尽量避免遇到他,冈为他总是使我厌烦。(avoid) I tried to avoid meeting him because he always bored me. 你最好不要玩火,会伤到自己的。(or) YOH’d better not play with fire.or you may hurt yourself 每一种药物都有副作用,对健康可能造成损害。(bad) Every drug has some side effects which may be bad for one’s health. 听到那一激动人心的消息,我情不自禁地大哭起来。(burst) At the exciting news,I couldn’t help bursting into tears. 做幼儿同老师需要极大的耐心。(call)

Working as a teacher in the kindergarten calls for a lot of patience. 恐怕他们遇到交通堵塞了。(catch) I’m afraid that they have been caught in a traffic jam. 作为班上的尖子学生.她有能力解答这些数学题。(capable) As a top student in the class,she is capable of working out these maths problcms. 现在年轻人所缺乏的,不是书本知识,而是实践经验。(not. .but) What young people lack now is not book knowledge but practical experience. 父母双方必须对养育子女承担同等的责任。(bring) Parents must be equally responsible for bringing up children. 她的计划听上去很好,可是我们实施起来将困难重重。(carry) Her plan sounds good,but we’11 have many difficulties carrying it out 上周因为生病我缺了一些课,但是我会努力赶上大家的。(catch) Because ofmyillnesslastweek,Imissed sonqlelessons?butlwilltryto catch upwith others 如果您方便的话,今晚我想去您府上拜访。(call) ①If it is convenient for you ②If it is convenient for you 1 want to call on you tonight 1 want to call at your house tonight 这位作家专心致志于写作,以致忘了自己重病在身。(bury) The writer was so buried in his writing that he forgot his serious illness. 她不在乎报酬,对她来说重要的是她的实验。(care) She doesn’t care about the reward,and what matters to her is her experiment 我会待在宾馆.以防有电话。(in case) I’11 stay in the hotel in case there is a telephone call. 警方正在竭尽全力查明火灾的导凶。(cause) The police are trying their best to find out the cause of the fire. 他不仅意识到了自己的弱点,而且想克服它。(not only. but also) ①He not only realized his weakness but also desired to overcome it. ⑦Not only did he realize his weakness,but also he desired to overcome it. 救援队在地震发生后不久就设法赶到了那里。(break) The rescue team managed to get there soon after the earthquake broke out. 为了承担得起出国的费用,你无论怎样节俭都是不过分的。(cannot.too) In order to afford to go abroad,you cannot be too economical. 在空调房间待太久会使人生病。(cause) Staying in an air—conditioned room for too long may cause people to fall j11. 小心点.别从车上摔下来。你才刚学会骑车。(careful) Be careful not to fall off the bike,as you’ve{ust learned to ride. 除了等待进一步通知,我们别无他法。(but) We can do nothing but wait for further notice. 不要打扰 James,他正忙于学校音乐会的操练。(busy) ①Don’t disturb James,as he is busy practicing for the school concert. ⑦Don’t disturb James,as he is busy with the practice for the school concert 经理不在的时候,由 Robert 负责你们部门。(charge) ①While the manager is away,Robert will be in charge of your department.

②While the manager is away,your department will be in the charge of Robert 学生们逐渐认识到友谊胜过金钱。(come) The students have come to realize that friendship is more important than money 幸运的是.我们有许多共同之处,很谈得来。(common) Fortunately.we had a lot in common and got alon~very well. 科学家们声称找到了治疗这种疾病的新方法。(claim) ①The scientists claim that they have found a new cure for this disease. ⑦The scientists claim to have found a new cure for this disease. 老人感到很孤独,所以养了一只狗来陪伴他。(company) The old man felt lonely,so he raised a dog to keep him company. 大家都束手无策,最后还是彼得想出了个主意。(come) Everyone was at a loss what to do.but Peter came up with an idea at last. 当时,那位出租车司机别尤选择.只能求助于游客。(choice) At that time the taxi driver had no choice but to turn to the tourist for hclp 大量砍伐树木肯定会扰乱生态平衡。(certain) ①It’s certain that cutting down trees in large numbers will upset the balance of nature. ②Cutting down trees in large numbers is certain to upset the balance of nature. 我们经常把孩子比作花朵,把老师比作园 T;(compare) We often compare children to flowers and teachers to gardeners. 如果你不将理论与实践结合起来,你的研究将毫无用处。(combine) Your research will be useless unless you combine theory with practice. 商店里有这么多的电动玩具可供挑选,他不知道选哪一个好。(choose) There were SO many electric toys to choose from in the shop that he didn’t know which to choose. 肢体语言有助于演讲者将想法清楚地传达给听众。(communicate) Body language helps the speaker tO communicate his ideas to the listeners clearly. 希望这里的志愿者都要精通英语。(command) AU the volunteers herc are expected to have a good command of English. 大雨过后不久,天空就放晴了。(clear) The sky cleared up shortly after the heavy rain. 这次歌咏比赛给了我一次千载难逢的机会挑战自我。(chance) The singing competition provides me with a rare chance to challenge myself. 同其他学生相比.那个女孩有更强的英语听说能力。(compare) Compared w/th other studen~,the 商 rl has better listening and speaking abilities in En 刨 sh. 就是在那家超市我和过去的班主任不期而遇。(come) It was in the supermarket that I came across my former class teacher. 为受害者着想,他拒绝对此事发表评论。(comment) Thinking of the victims.he refused to comment on it 他选择勇敢面对失败,而不是自暴自弃。(choose) He chose to face up to the failure instead of giving himself up. 我不喜欢这颜色,我可以换一件吗?(change) I don’t like the color,SO may I change it for a different one? 即便周围响声很大,他也能集中精力看书。(concentrate) He can concentrate on his books even if it is very noisy around him.

定期参加体育锻炼有助于身体健康。(contribute) Taking part in physical exercise regularly contributes to one’s health. 他一到上海就和我们取得了联系。(contact) He got in contact with us as soon as he arrived in Shanghai. 我们打算开个派对来祝贺 Helen 获得这场比赛的胜利。(congratulate) We are going to hold a party to congratulate Helen on winning the game. 我不需要买新车,我的那辆旧车还很好。(condition) l don’t need to buy a new car as my old one is still in good condition 看到银装素裹的群山,孩子们欣喜若狂。(cover) Seeing the mountains covered with snow,the children were wild with{oy. 认为现在的年轻人样样都好或者一无是处都是错误的。(consider) It’s wrong to consider the young today(as)totally good or completely bad 在卫生部门的控制下,这一疾病停止了传播。(contr01) Under the control of the health department,the disease stopped spreading 他没有报名参加面试,这使他失去了一份高薪工作。(cost) He didn’t sign up for the interview,which cost him a well—paid iob. 显然,他们将数量与质量混为一谈了。(confuse) It is clear that they have confused quantity with quality. 成功由三个重要因素组成:天才、勤奋加上运气。(consist) Success consists of three important factors:talent,diligence and luck. 我们将作进一步的讨沦,然后再作出最终结论。(before) We will have a further discussion before we make a final conclusion. 这条铁路横贯平原,把那个偏远山城与海港连接了起来。(connect) The railway crosses the plain and connects the remote mountain city with the sea∞rt. 经过两个小时的讨论.他们决定向经理投诉这件事情。(complain) After two hours’discussion,they decided to complain to the manager about it. 他缺乏当众承认错误的勇气。(courage) He lacked the courage to admit his mistake in public 顺便问一下.你考虑去听后天的讲座吗?(consider) BY the way,dO you consider attending the lecture the day after tomorrow? 在他对自己有了信心之后,他在学习上取得了很大进步。(confidence) After he had confidence in himself.he made great progress in study 在我看来,这幅厕并不难看;相反,我觉得它很漂亮。(contrary) The picture doesn’t seem ugly to me;on the contrary,I think it is very beautiful David 没有意识到已经冒犯她了。(conscious) ①David wasn’t conscious of having offended her. ⑦David wasn’t conscious that he had offended her. **的来访与丢失的孩子无关。(concern) The visit of the police is not concerned with the lost child. 我决定不出席晚宴,除非你答应和我一起去。(decide) I’ve decided not tO attend the dinner party unless you promise to go with me. 人类依靠鱼作为蛋白质的来源。(depend) Human beings depend on fish for protein/as a source of protein/to get protein 我认为你找到男生宿舍不会有困难。(difficulty)

I don’t think you’11 have any difficulty finding the boys’dormitory 他要求出国进修,但被公司拒绝了。(demand) He demanded to go abroad for further study,but was refused by his company. 不管谁指出我们的缺点都应受到回报。(deserve) ①Whoever points out OHr shortcomings deserves a reward. ②Whoever points out our shortcomings deserves to be rewarded. 那些为科学献身的人们推动了社会的发展。(devote) Those who are devoted to science have promoted the development of society. 第一次到纽约的时候.我对所见所闻都很好奇。(curious) Thc first time I visited New York,1 was curious about what I saw and heard 他否认违反交通规则+而将事故责任推到卡车司机身上。(deny) He denied breaking the traffic rules and blamed the truck driver for the accident 由于经验不足,他不知道如何处理这情形。(deal) He didn’t know how to deal with the situation because of his inexperience. 她下定决心不惜任何代价不让父母失望。(determined) She is determined not to let her parents down at any cost 人们经常将香港描述成国际金融与商业中心。(describe) Hong Kong is often described as an international financial and business center, 我校正不遗余力地满足学生对课外活动的需求。(demand) Our school is making every effort to meet the demands of students for activities after class 他在外貌和性格上都与妹妹截然不同。(differ) He differs completely from his sister in appearance and character. 他们由于忘记付煤气费,所以供气中断了。(cut) Their gas was cut off because they had forgotten to pay the bill 希望你早点给我们回信。(desire) ①We desire you to reply to our letter early. ②We desire your early reply to our letter. 由于需要作进一步修改,他将书推迟到明年出版。(delay) As the book needs further revising。he has delayed publishing the book until next year. 请尽早做出决定,不然你会坐失良机。(0r) Please make a decision as early as possible.or you’l】miss the good chance. 阅读时,你不必碰到生词就查词典。(100k) You needn’t look up every new word you come across in reading. 凡是想要生存的人都要依靠社会。(dependent) Whoever wants to survive must be dependent on society 他仍然昏迷不醒,随时有生命危险。(danger) He remains unconscious and is in danger of losing his life at any moment


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