课时作业(十五) Canada—“The True North” 加拿大——“真正的北方”
Ⅰ.单项填空 1．—Would you care for a drink? —No，thanks.I________. A．would rather not B．wouldn’t like to C．would like to D．prefer to have one 2．—The boss said we had only three days to finish the work. —Don’t worry.We have already________two thirds of it. A．got down B．got through C．given in D．given away 3．All passengers________are expected to fasten the seat belts when the plane takes off or lands. A．on the board B．on board C．on boards D．on a board 4．Your natural hair color begins to fade________you grow older，and in time you grow grey. A．since B．when C．while D．as 5．Mr Frank asked me a question________I could go with him to________he called the Treasure House the next week. A．that；which B．whether；that C．whether；what D．that；where 6．After two years’ research，we now have a________better understanding of the disease. A．very B．far C．fairly D．quite 7．He came________where I was hiding and my heart beat faster. A．more closely to B．much closer C．rather closer to D．quite closely to 8．To our great________，his parents were________at his mark. A．surprises；surprised B．surprises；surprising C．surprise；surprised D．surprise；surprising 9．Those who________the plan tried to persuade those who didn’t agree to it. A．was against B．was for C．were against D．were for 10．—Mom，may I play computer games just for a while? —________！Dad is writing his paper. A．Help yourself B．It’s up to you C．Behave yourself D．Go ahead 11．The football player had________gift for football when he was a child.Now he is________second to none in the football field. A．the；the B．the；a C．a；the D．a；/ 12．The new model of car is so expensive that it is only________the reach of those with high incomes. A．beyond B．at C．in D．within 13．With so much noise of the traffic，I couldn’t________and do my research work.
用心? 爱心? 专心? ‐?1?‐
A．put down C．break down 14．—Are you worried about —Only________. A．absolutely C．slightly 15．There is no doubt，in my quality of the products. A．that C．what that Ⅱ.完形填空 (2009 年石家庄检测二)
B．settle down D．take down the result of the exam? B．approximately D．extremely opinion，________matters is not the speed，but the B．which D．that what
The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.
—Eleanor Roosevelt My home is a place of great beauty and agricultural richness，as well as of war and natural disasters.When I was only fourteen years old，I was filled with__1__in spite of the terrible surroundings.The families living here，who tried to make their living from the land，__2__great losses. I felt sorry especially for the__3__，but I__4__to be hopeless.I decided that where I was，I could do__5__to help them.I began knocking on every door and saying to each person who__6__my knock，“I know that you are__7__and give the birds that come to your yard a little__8__.Please consider me your bird.Give me only a handful of rice each week when I come to your__9__.I will take it to the temple where it can be given to the__10__children.” No one seemed to__11__giving me a handful of rice ， even__12__they had little themselves.On Sunday，I would go to the__13__and give my handfuls of rice to the monks to__14__to the children. One day，I came to a house that had__15__to give.I told my story and asked if I could be their bird.The woman called her daughters，and__16__gave me fifty cents， as well as the handful of rice！I began to ask for__17__and rice from the other “bird feeders”，and they gave them to me.Everyone was happy to be helping those who were suffering，even__18__only this small way.The temple was soon able to help everyone who came to them for food and clothing. “Consider me your bird.” My__19__idea had not stopped the war，but anyway， it was__20__some peace. 1.A.sorrow B．hope C．comfort D．happiness 2．A.suffered B．survived C．covered D．made 3．A.peasants B．citizens C．villagers D．children 4．A.wanted B．failed C．refused D．stopped 5．A.something B．everything C．anything D．nothing 6．A.said B．replied C．answered D．spoke 7．A.glad B．kind C．rich D．friendly 8．A.water B．money C．nest D．rice
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9．A.temple C．door 10．A.brave C．promising 11.A.mind C．practice 12．A.where C．so 13．A.village C．temple 14．A.give in C．give away 15．A.much C．many 16．A.every C．neither 17．A.help C．food 18．A.by C．on 19．A.foolish C．clever 20．A.creating C．developing Ⅲ.阅读理解
B．room D．garden B．hungry D．nervous B．escape D．enjoy B．that D．when B．hometown D．house B．give up D．give out B．little D．few B．each D．none B．clothing D．change B．with D．in B．childish D．useful B．mending D．managing
(2009 年温州检测，B) When we think of leadership，we often think of strength and power.But what are these really，and how do they operate? Leadership today is not about forcing others to do things.Even if this is possible， it is short?term，and tends to produce unexpected and unwanted results.If you order someone to do something against their will，they may do it because they feel they have to，but the anger they feel will do more harm in the long term.They will also experience fear. Fear causes the thinking brain to shut down，making the person unable to function at his or her best.If they connect you with this emotion of fear，they will become less functional around you，and you will have succeeded in not only shooting yourself in the foot，but possibly making a very good employee or partner unable to perform effectively.Fear does no good to leadership. The way we influence people in a lasting way is by our own character，and our understanding and use of emotion.We can order someone to do something，which may be part of the work day；or we can employ them at the emotional level，so they will become fully devoted to the projects and provide some of their own motivation.Today’s work place is all about relationships. Anyone works harder in a positive environment in which they’re recognized and valued as a human being as well as a worker.Everyone produces just a bit more for someone they like.Leaders understand the way things work.They know the pay check is not the single most important factor in the work life of most people. The true strength of leadership is an inner strength that comes from the confidence of emotional intelligence—knowing your own emotions，and how to handle them，and those of others.Developing your emotional intelligence is the single best thing you can do if you want to develop your relationship with people around you，which is the
用心? 爱心? 专心? ‐?3?‐
key to the leadership skills. 1．The writer thinks that it is not________for us to connect leadership with strength and power. A．possible B．necessary C．easy D．effective 2．People may NOT be working hard when________. A．they’re regarded as human beings B．they like their leaders C．money is taken as the most important D．leaders understand the way things work 3． From the passage， can conclude that________is the key to making a good leader. we A．developing one’s emotional intelligence B．in fluencing others in one’s own way C．producing some unexpected results D．having confidence in one’s ability 4．This passage is most helpful to those who________. A．have strength and power B．are going to make a speech C．would like to be leaders D．are to be excellent employees Ⅳ.短文填词 A traveler was staying in an Egyptian village.One day，she held up her________(相 机) to take pictures of 1.________ the children.Suddenly the young o________began 2.________ to shout at her.Her face turned red and she ________(道歉) to the head for what she was 3.________ doing ， and told him she had forgotten that people in some places believed________person would lose his soul if his 4.________ picture was taken.She explained________him the 5.________ operation of a camera for s________time.Several 6.________ times the head tried to say something，but he couldn’t.When she believed that he didn’t________(害怕) any7.________ l________，the traveler then let him speak.With a 8.________ smile ， he said ， “The children were trying to tell you that you forgot to take________the lens (镜头) cap！” The traveler 9.________ was embarrassed with her mouth w________open.10.________ 课时作业(十五) Ⅰ.单项填空 1．A 考查交际用语，由 No，thanks 可以看出是拒绝别人的好意。 2．B 此题考查动词词组辨析。get down 下来，落下；give in 投降，认输；give away 泄露秘密；get through 完成。如果你的词汇量大，不难做出选择。 3．B on board＝aboard 上船/飞机/车等；在船/飞机/车上等。 4．D as...表示“随着……”，引导时间状语从句。 5．C 第一空为同位语从句，第二空用 what 作 call 的宾语。 6．B 考查形容词比较级用法。句意为：经过两年的研究，我们现在对这种疾病有了更 进一步的了解。依句意，四个选项中只有 B 项可以和比较级连用。 7．C close 和 closely 都可用做副词，但意思不一样。close 意为“靠近”“接近”， 常与介词 to 连用；closely 表示抽象意义，意为“密切地”“仔细地”。根据句意排除 A、D 项。 8．C to one’s surprise 表示“令某人吃惊的是”，而 be surprised at 表示“对……
用心? 爱心? 专心? ‐?4?‐
感到吃惊”。 9．D 依据句意排除 A、C 项；定语从句中的谓语动词应该与先行词一致，故选 D。句意 为：赞成这项计划的人试图说明那些不赞成这项计划的人。 10．C 考查交际用语。Behave yourself 好好的，听话，规矩点(对孩子等的用语)。Help yourself 请随便(吃、用等)；It’s up to you 由你决定；Go ahead 行，可以，往下说、问 等。 11．D 考查冠词。have a gift for 对……有天赋；second to none 不比任何人差，首 屈一指。 12． 考查介词。 D within the reach of...能得到/到达/拿到等。 beyond/out of the reach of...得不到/够不到/拿不到等。 13．B 考查短语辨析。settle down 安心。put down 放下，写下；镇压；break down(机 器)损坏，破坏；take down 记下，记录。 14． 考查副词辨析。 C slightly 稍微， 轻微地。 Only 可知答案为 slightly。 由 absolutely 绝对地，完全地；approximately 大约，接近；extremely 极其地，非常地。 15．D 考查名词性从句。that 引导的同位语从句说明 doubt 的内容；在此同位语从句中 含有一个主语从句 what matters。 Ⅱ.完形填空 1．B 由语境知，虽然生活环境恶劣，但是我没有失去对生活的希望，故选 hope。 2．A suffer great losses 遭受巨大损失。前文谈到了家乡有战争和自然灾害，老百姓 自然蒙受了巨大的损失。 3．D 本段段末有暗示。我把募捐到的大米送到庙里，然后由寺庙施舍给孩子们吃，故 选 children。 4．C refuse to do something 拒绝做某事。语境为：虽然我为孩子们感到遗憾，但是 我拒绝(让自己)感到绝望。这也表明作者对生活充满了期待。 5．A something 表示肯定的意义。语境为：在当时的情况下，我决定做点事情来帮助可 怜的孩子们。 6．C 我挨家挨户地敲门，对听到我的敲门声来开门(answer the door/the knock)的人 说…… 7．B 根据下文“give the birds that come to your yard a little rice”可判断应 选 kind。 8．D rice 大米。下文“Give me only a handful of rice...”暗示作者在求人施舍大 米给他。 9． 由上文我是在别人开门时说这些话的可知此处应选 door。 C when I come to your door 指“当我来到你家门口”。 10．B 结合语境，战争和自然灾害使人们饱受痛苦及作者求人施舍大米可知，孩子们在 挨饿。故选 hungry。 11．A mind 在乎，反对。语境为：大家都愿意施舍一把米给我。 12．D even when they had little themselves 即使当他们的食物也不充裕时。 13．C temple 庙。由上文“I will take it to the temple...”及本句 and 后的“give my handfuls of rice to the monks”可知，我把乞讨来的大米捐给了庙里，再由和尚们发 放给挨饿的孩子们。 14．C give away 在本句中指“发放”。 15．A 结合下文内容可知，这家人不仅施舍给我大米，那位妇女和她的女儿们还各自给 我捐了 50 美分，可见这家人比较富裕，有很多(much)可捐的东西。 16．B each 指她们每个人。 17．D change 零钱。作者意外地募到钱后，他开始讨要大米和零钱了。 18．D in only this small way 仅仅凭借这种方式。语境为：仅仅凭借这种方式，大家 也能帮助那些遭受苦难的人。 19．B childish 孩子似的，天真的。作者在乞讨时说的话“Consider me your bird” 听起来非常天真。 20．A create 创造，引起，产生，作者天真的想法虽没能阻止战争，却缔造了某种和平。
用心? 爱心? 专心? ‐?5?‐
Ⅲ.阅读理解 【语篇解读】 领导才能的发挥不是通过自己的权力来实现的。只有通过我们的人格去 影响人们，才能让人们在一个积极的人文环境中工作。领导能力的真正源泉是对自己的情商 的自信。 1．B 推理判断题。文章的第二段提到“Leadership today is not about forcing others to do things.”说明我们今天再将领导和权力联系在一起是没有必要的。 2．C 事实细节题。由文中倒数第二段中的“Anyone works harder in a positive environment in which they’re recognized and valued as a human being as well as a worker.”可知 A 项不符合题意；从“Everyone produces just a bit more for someone they like.”可知 B 项不符合题意；从“Leaders understand the way things work.”可知 D 项 不符合题意。该段的最后一句说的是金钱不是唯一使人们努力工作的因素。 3．A 推理判断题。文中最后一段的“The true strength of leadership is an inner strength that comes from the confidence of emotional intelligence”，说明要做一个 好领导，我们就要提高自己的情商。 4．C 推理判断题。文章主要讲述了领导的艺术，并告诉我们人们喜欢在一个什么样的 领导的领导下工作，因此文章主要是为那些想成为领导的人而写的。 Ⅳ.短文填词 1．camera 2.ones 3.apologized 4.a 5.to 6．some 7.fear 8.longer 9.off 10.wide
用心? 爱心? 专心?